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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
grain Ekroth (2013) 139
Gygax and Zuiderhoek (2021) 50
Humphreys (2018) 589, 787
Huttner (2013) 20, 67, 227, 228, 229
Janowitz (2002b) 104
Lampe (2003) 10, 50, 62, 84, 243
Marek (2019) 161, 245, 256, 342, 401, 402, 403, 404
Nasrallah (2019) 123
grain as a means of exchange/standard of value Heymans (2021) 198
grain athenian awareness of prices, of Parkins and Smith (1998) 119, 120
grain barley Marek (2019) 401
grain collateral object of pledge, wheat foodstuffs Verhagen (2022) 137, 144, 145, 156, 157, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185
grain consumption, in greece Parkins and Smith (1998) 114, 116, 117
grain distribution of Gygax and Zuiderhoek (2021) 125, 235
grain distribution to citizens Marek (2019) 432, 453
grain dole McGowan (1999) 38
Tacoma (2016) 35, 42, 77, 84, 85, 91, 154, 155, 156
grain favourable to citizens, prices, of Parkins and Smith (1998) 125, 126
grain from, lemnos Papazarkadas (2011) 287
grain fund Amendola (2022) 176, 378, 379
grain harvest, new Avery Peck et al. (2014) 160
grain import, ephesos Marek (2019) 404
grain imported from, pontus Parkins and Smith (1998) 123, 124
grain millet Marek (2019) 401
grain oats Marek (2019) 401
grain offerings Balberg (2017) 98, 100, 101, 102, 118, 132
grain offerings, congregation, funding by, and Balberg (2017) 132, 133
grain offerings, priestly code, p, on Balberg (2017) 100
grain production in attica Papazarkadas (2011) 108
grain production, attica Parkins and Smith (1998) 105, 106, 107, 108
grain production, in attica Parkins and Smith (1998) 105, 106, 107, 108
grain re-export trade, in Parkins and Smith (1998) 125, 126
grain shipments, isaeum campense, temple of isis, and Manolaraki (2012) 186, 187, 188, 189
grain ships, xerxes, watching Kowalzig (2007) 212, 213
grain shortage Humphreys (2018) 847, 848
Marek (2019) 403, 404, 405, 432
grain spelt, barley Lampe (2003) 186, 188
grain stocks/storehouses/granaries, horrea Marek (2019) 244, 295, 385, 401, 436
grain supply Gygax (2016) 50, 186, 187, 192
Heymans (2021) 218
Shannon-Henderson (2019) 106, 107, 108, 241, 252, 269, 270, 271, 275
grain supply nile, and, annona Manolaraki (2012) 29, 30, 38, 100, 122, 126, 128, 131, 134, 171, 172, 184, 186, 187, 188, 231, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 242, 243, 244, 246, 247
grain supply, athenian Parkins and Smith (1998) 7, 125, 126
grain supply, athenian, citizens’ attitude Parkins and Smith (1998) 117, 118, 119, 120
grain supply, athenian, importance Parkins and Smith (1998) 125, 229
grain supply, civic Gygax and Zuiderhoek (2021) 203
grain supply, economy, early fifth-century, and Kowalzig (2007) 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219
grain supply, exchange, and athenian Parkins and Smith (1998) 229
grain supply, grain and Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 258, 263
grain supply, hellespont, and athens’ Parkins and Smith (1998) 125
grain supply, incentives, in managing Parkins and Smith (1998) 122, 123
grain supply, regulation, of athenian Parkins and Smith (1998) 121, 122
grain tacitus, on the britons, on the import of Isaac (2004) 361
grain trade Tacoma (2016) 28, 43, 83, 263
grain trade with athens, bosporan kingdom Parkins and Smith (1998) 57, 58, 59, 123
grain trade, athenian, management of Parkins and Smith (1998) 120, 121, 122, 123, 126
grain trade, athenian, re-export in Parkins and Smith (1998) 125, 126
grain trade, athenian, with black sea Parkins and Smith (1998) 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61
grain trade, black sea Parkins and Smith (1998) 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 123, 124, 125
grain wheat Marek (2019) 401
grain, spica spinther, publius lentulus Radicke (2022) 448
grain/, agricultural goddess, demeter, as Simon (2021) 102, 103, 104, 110, 113
grains, of samuel, sand Gera (2014) 148, 149, 209, 236
grain”, aḇiḇ, heb. “barley Zawanowska and Wilk (2022) 142

List of validated texts:
7 validated results for "grain"
1. Herodotus, Histories, 2.178 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aiakos, hero of grain-supply • Xerxes, watching grain ships • economy, early fifth-century, and grain supply • grain, supply • grain-supply

 Found in books: Heymans (2021) 218; Kowalzig (2007) 212

2.178. φιλέλλην δὲ γενόμενος ὁ Ἄμασις ἄλλα τε ἐς Ἑλλήνων μετεξετέρους ἀπεδέξατο, καὶ δὴ καὶ τοῖσι ἀπικνευμένοισι ἐς Αἴγυπτον ἔδωκε Ναύκρατιν πόλιν ἐνοικῆσαι· τοῖσι δὲ μὴ βουλομένοισι αὐτῶν οἰκέειν, αὐτοῦ δὲ ναυτιλλομένοισι ἔδωκε χώρους ἐνιδρύσασθαι βωμοὺς καὶ τεμένεα θεοῖσι. τὸ μέν νυν μέγιστον αὐτῶν τέμενος, καὶ ὀνομαστότατον ἐὸν καὶ χρησιμώτατον, καλεύμενον δὲ Ἑλλήνιον, αἵδε αἱ πόλιες εἰσὶ αἱ ἱδρυμέναι κοινῇ, Ἱώνων μὲν Χίος καὶ Τέως καὶ Φώκαια καὶ Κλαζομεναί, Δωριέων δὲ Ῥόδος καὶ Κνίδος καὶ Ἁλικαρνησσὸς καὶ Φάσηλις, Αἰολέων δὲ ἡ Μυτιληναίων μούνη. τουτέων μὲν ἐστὶ τοῦτο τὸ τέμενος, καὶ προστάτας τοῦ ἐμπορίου αὗται αἱ πόλιες εἰσὶ αἱ παρέχουσαι· ὅσαι δὲ ἄλλαι πόλιες μεταποιεῦνται, οὐδέν σφι μετεὸν μεταποιεῦνται. χωρὶς δὲ Αἰγινῆται ἐπὶ ἑωυτῶν ἱδρύσαντο τέμενος Διός, καὶ ἄλλο Σάμιοι Ἥρης καὶ Μιλήσιοι Ἀπόλλωνος.''. None
2.178. Amasis became a philhellene, and besides other services which he did for some of the Greeks, he gave those who came to Egypt the city of Naucratis to live in; and to those who travelled to the country without wanting to settle there, he gave lands where they might set up altars and make holy places for their gods. ,of these the greatest and most famous and most visited precinct is that which is called the Hellenion, founded jointly by the Ionian cities of Chios, Teos, Phocaea, and Clazomenae, the Dorian cities of Rhodes, Cnidus, Halicarnassus, and Phaselis, and one Aeolian city, Mytilene . ,It is to these that the precinct belongs, and these are the cities that furnish overseers of the trading port; if any other cities advance claims, they claim what does not belong to them. The Aeginetans made a precinct of their own, sacred to Zeus; and so did the Samians for Hera and the Milesians for Apollo. ''. None
2. Suetonius, Claudius, 18.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • grain supply • grain trade

 Found in books: Shannon-Henderson (2019) 270; Tacoma (2016) 83, 263

18.2. \xa0When there was a scarcity of grain because of long-continued droughts, he was once stopped in the middle of the Forum by a mob and so pelted with abuse and at the same time with pieces of bread, that he was barely able to make his escape to the Palace by a back door; and after this experience he resorted to every possible means to bring grain to Rome, even in the winter season. To the merchants he held out the certainty of profit by assuming the expense of any loss that they might suffer from storms, and offered to those who would build merchant ships large bounties, adapted to the condition of each:''. None
3. Tacitus, Annals, 2.59-2.61 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Nile, and grain supply (annona) • grain supply

 Found in books: Manolaraki (2012) 29, 30; Shannon-Henderson (2019) 106

2.61. Ceterum Germanicus aliis quoque miraculis intendit animum, quorum praecipua fuere Memnonis saxea effigies, ubi radiis solis icta est, vocalem sonum reddens, disiectasque inter et vix pervias arenas instar montium eductae pyramides certamine et opibus regum, lacusque effossa humo, superfluentis Nili receptacula; atque alibi angustiae et profunda altitudo, nullis inquirentium spatiis penetrabilis. exim ventum Elephantinen ac Syenen, claustra olim Romani imperii, quod nunc rubrum ad mare patescit.' '. None
2.60. \xa0Not yet aware, however, that his itinerary was disapproved, Germanicus sailed up the Nile, starting from the town of Canopus â\x80\x94 founded by the Spartans in memory of the helmsman so named, who was buried there in the days when Menelaus, homeward bound for Greece, was blown to a distant sea and the Libyan coast. From Canopus he visited the next of the river-mouths, which is sacred to Hercules (an Egyptian born, according to the local account, and the eldest of the name, the others of later date and equal virtue being adopted into the title); then, the vast remains of ancient Thebes. On piles of masonry Egyptian letters still remained, embracing the tale of old magnificence, and one of the senior priests, ordered to interpret his native tongue, related that "once the city contained seven hundred thousand men of military age, and with that army King Rhamses, after conquering Libya and Ethiopia, the Medes and the Persians, the Bactrian and the Scyth, and the lands where the Syrians and Armenians and neighbouring Cappadocians dwell, had ruled over all that lies between the Bithynian Sea on the one hand and the Lycian on the other." The tribute-lists of the subject nations were still legible: the weight of silver and gold, the number of weapons and horses, the temple-gifts of ivory and spices, together with the quantities of grain and other necessaries of life to be paid by the separate countries; revenues no less imposing than those which are now exacted by the might of Parthia or by Roman power. < 2.61. \xa0But other marvels, too, arrested the attention of Germanicus: in especial, the stone colossus of Memnon, which emits a vocal sound when touched by the rays of the sun; the pyramids reared mountain high by the wealth of emulous kings among wind-swept and all but impassable sands; the excavated lake which receives the overflow of Nile; and, elsewhere, narrow gorges and deeps impervious to the plummet of the explorer. Then he proceeded to Elephantine and Syene, once the limits of the Roman Empire, which now stretches to the Persian Gulf. <' '. None
4. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Nile, and grain supply (annona) • grain dole

 Found in books: Manolaraki (2012) 235, 239; Tacoma (2016) 154

5. Demosthenes, Orations, 50.6
 Tagged with subjects: • Black Sea,, grain trade • Bosporan kingdom, grain trade with Athens • Pontus, grain imported from • grain • grain trade, Athenian, management of • incentives, in managing grain supply

 Found in books: Humphreys (2018) 787; Parkins and Smith (1998) 123

50.6. When you heard all these tidings at that time in the assembly from both the speakers themselves and those who supported them; when furthermore the merchants and shipowners were about to sail out of the Pontus, and the Byzantines and Calchedonians Calchedon, a town across the Bosporus from Byzantium. and Cyzicenes were forcing their ships to put in to their ports because of the scarcity of grain in their own countries; seeing also that the price of grain was advancing in the Peiraeus, and that there was not very much to be bought, you voted that the trierarchs should launch their ships and bring them up to the pier, and that the members of the senate and the demarchs should make out lists of the demesmen and reports of available seamen, and that the armament should be despatched at once, and aid sent to the various regions. And this decree, proposed by Aristophon, was passed, as follows: The Decree ''. None
6. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • grain supply • law, Grain-Tax

 Found in books: Gygax (2016) 192; Papazarkadas (2011) 26

7. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Attica, grain production • Attica, grain production in • grain production, in Attica

 Found in books: Papazarkadas (2011) 108; Parkins and Smith (1998) 107

Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.