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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
cos Dignas (2002) 21, 22, 23, 30, 31, 39, 239, 241, 251, 252, 261
Edmondson (2008) 194
Gygax (2016) 19, 21, 23
Keddie (2019) 189
Kirichenko (2022) 180, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220
Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 290, 291
Naiden (2013) 48, 57, 64, 68, 85, 92, 135, 192, 207, 208, 213, 216, 267, 269
Rutledge (2012) 50, 70
Shannon-Henderson (2019) 5, 158, 174, 185, 272, 273, 274
Stavrianopoulou (2006) 115, 207
Trapp et al (2016) 4, 55, 56, 115
cos, aegean island Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 542
cos, aegean, islands Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159, 168
cos, aesculapius, temple on Rutledge (2012) 50
cos, and asclepius Jouanna (2018) 73
cos, antimacheia Stavrianopoulou (2006) 229
cos, aphrodite pandamos on Dignas (2002) 22, 137
cos, apollo, dalios, priesthood at Lupu(2005) 42
cos, asclepieum Lupu(2005) 29, 38
cos, asclepios Stavrianopoulou (2006) 227
cos, asclepius soter, on Jim (2022) 7
cos, asclepius, festival at Lupu(2005) 86
cos, asklepieion Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 252, 256
cos, athena soteira nike, on Jim (2022) 7
cos, calendar of Lupu(2005) 66, 67
cos, cult foundations, of diomedon Lupu(2005) 45, 86, 87, 111, 376
cos, cult foundations, of phanomachos Lupu(2005) 86
cos, cult foundations, of pythokles Lupu(2005) 45, 84
cos, cult foundations, of teleutias Lupu(2005) 86
cos, demeter soteira, on Jim (2022) 110, 111, 150
cos, demos, in Gygax (2016) 21, 23
cos, eviction of gauls from delphi and Lupu(2005) 7
cos, familial association pythion of of Gabrielsen and Paganini (2021) 104, 105, 106, 114
cos, foundation diomedon of of Gabrielsen and Paganini (2021) 22, 105, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 251
cos, hecate soteira, on Jim (2022) 7
cos, hippocrates of Luck (2006) 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 186
cos, informative documents from Lupu(2005) 52
cos, isis soteira, on Jim (2022) 7
cos, nicias of Čulík-Baird (2022) 164
cos, philitas of Lightfoot (2021) 85, 86, 87, 88
Nuno et al (2021) 243, 244
cos, praxagoras of Graver (2007) 226
Inwood and Warren (2020) 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 57
cos, praxiteles, and the venus of Rutledge (2012) 299
cos, priesthoods Lupu(2005) 42
cos, priests, purity and Lupu(2005) 42, 78
cos, sales of priesthoods Lupu(2005) 49, 51, 52
cos, sanctuary of asclepius Borg (2008) 279, 289
cos, synoecism, of Lupu(2005) 67
cos, theoi soteres, in Jim (2022) 7
cos, zeus soter, on Jim (2022) 7

List of validated texts:
10 validated results for "cos"
1. None, None, nan (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cos • Cos, Asclepieum

 Found in books: Lupu(2005) 29; Naiden (2013) 92

2. None, None, nan (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cos

 Found in books: Kirichenko (2022) 220; Trapp et al (2016) 55

3. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 16.45 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cos

 Found in books: Eckhardt (2019) 127; Keddie (2019) 189

16.45. τούτων ἡμᾶς ἀφαιροῦνται κατ' ἐπήρειαν, χρήματα μὲν ἃ τῷ θεῷ συμφέρομεν ἐπώνυμα διαφθείροντες καὶ φανερῶς ἱεροσυλοῦντες, τέλη δ' ἐπιτιθέντες κἀν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ἄγοντες ἐπὶ δικαστήρια καὶ πραγματείας ἄλλας, οὐ κατὰ χρείαν τῶν συναλλαγμάτων, ἀλλὰ κατ' ἐπήρειαν τῆς θρησκείας, ἣν συνίσασιν ἡμῖν, μῖσος οὐ δίκαιον οὐδ' αὐτεξούσιον αὐτοῖς πεπονθότες."". None
16.45. Now our adversaries take these our privileges away in the way of injustice; they violently seize upon that money of ours which is owed to God, and called sacred money, and this openly, after a sacrilegious manner; and they impose tributes upon us, and bring us before tribunals on holy days, and then require other like debts of us, not because the contracts require it, and for their own advantage, but because they would put an affront on our religion, of which they are conscious as well as we, and have indulged themselves in an unjust, and to them involuntary, hatred;''. None
4. Tacitus, Annals, 4.14, 12.61 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cos • lunius Silanus, C. (cos.

 Found in books: Shannon-Henderson (2019) 185, 272, 273, 274; Talbert (1984) 237, 413, 421

4.14. Is quoque annus legationes Graecarum civitatium habuit, Samiis Iunonis, Cois Aesculapii delubro vetustum asyli ius ut firmaretur petentibus. Samii decreto Amphictyonum nitebantur, quis praecipuum fuit rerum omnium iudicium, qua tempestate Graeci conditis per Asiam urbibus ora maris potiebantur. neque dispar apud Coos antiquitas, et accedebat meritum ex loco: nam civis Romanos templo Aesculapii induxerant, cum iussu regis Mithridatis apud cunctas Asiae insulas et urbes trucidarentur. variis dehinc et saepius inritis praetorum questibus, postremo Caesar de immodestia histrionum rettulit: multa ab iis in publicum seditiose, foeda per domos temptari; Oscum quondam ludicrum, levissimae apud vulgum oblectationis, eo flagitiorum et virium venisse ut auctoritate patrum coercendum sit. pulsi tum histriones Italia.
12.61. Rettulit dein de immunitate Cois tribuenda multaque super antiquitate eorum memoravit: Argivos vel Coeum Latonae parentem vetustissimos insulae cultores; mox adventu Aesculapii artem medendi inlatam maximeque inter posteros eius celebrem fuisse, nomina singulorum referens et quibus quisque aetatibus viguissent. quin etiam dixit Xenophontem, cuius scientia ipse uteretur, eadem familia ortum, precibusque eius dandum ut omni tributo vacui in posterum Coi sacram et tantum dei ministram insulam colerent. neque dubium habetur multa eorundem in populum Romanum merita sociasque victorias potuisse tradi: set Claudius facilitate solita quod uni concesserat nullis extrinsecus adiumentis velavit.''. None
4.14. \xa0This year also brought delegations from two Greek communities, the Samians and Coans desiring the confirmation of an old right of asylum to the temples of Juno and Aesculapius respectively. The Samians appealed to a decree of the Amphictyonic Council, the principal tribunal for all questions in the period when the Greeks had already founded their city-states in Asia and were domit upon the sea-coast. The Coans had equal antiquity on their side, and, in addition, a claim associated with the place itself: for they had sheltered Roman citizens in the temple of Aesculapius at a time when, by order of King Mithridates, they were being butchered in every island and town of Asia. Next, after various and generally ineffective complaints from the praetors, the Caesar at last brought up the question of the effrontery of the players:â\x80\x94 "They were frequently the fomenters of sedition against the state and of debauchery in private houses; the old Oscan farce, the trivial delight of the crowd, had come to such a pitch of indecency and power that it needed the authority of the senate to check it." The players were then expelled from Italy. <
12.61. \xa0He next proposed to grant immunity to the inhabitants of Cos. of their ancient history he had much to tell:â\x80\x94 "The earliest occupants of the island had," he said, "been Argives â\x80\x94 or, possibly, Coeus, the father of Latona. Then the arrival of Aesculapius had introduced the art of healing, which attained the highest celebrity among his descendants" â\x80\x94 here he gave the names of the descendants and the epochs at which they had all flourished. "Xenophon," he observed again, "to whose knowledge he himself had recourse, derived his origin from the same family; and, as a concession to his prayers, the Coans ought to have been exempted from all forms of tribute for the future and allowed to tet their island as a sanctified place subservient only to its god." There can be no doubt that a large number of services rendered by the islanders to Rome, and of victories in which they had borne their part, could have been cited; but Claudius declined to disguise by external aids a favour which, with his wonted complaisance, he had accorded to an individual. <''. None
5. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Praxagoras of Cos

 Found in books: Graver (2007) 226; Inwood and Warren (2020) 50

6. Strabo, Geography, 14.2.19
 Tagged with subjects: • Aesculapius, temple on Cos • Cos • Philitas of Cos

 Found in books: Lightfoot (2021) 86; Rutledge (2012) 50

14.2.19. The city of the Coans was in ancient times called Astypalaea; and its people lived on another site, which was likewise on the sea. And then, on account of a sedition, they changed their abode to the present city, near Scandarium, and changed the name to Cos, the same as that of the island. Now the city is not large, but it is the most beautifully settled of all, and is most pleasing to behold as one sails from the high sea to its shore. The size of the island is about five hundred and fifty stadia. It is everywhere well supplied with fruits, but like Chios and Lesbos it is best in respect to its wine. Towards the south it has a promontory, Laceter, whence the distance to Nisyros is sixty stadia (but near Laceter there is a place called Halisarna), and on the west it has Drecanum and a village called Stomalimne. Now Drecanum is about two hundred stadia distant from the city, but Laceter adds thirty-five stadia to the length of the voyage. In the suburb is the Asclepieium, a sanctuary exceedingly famous and full of numerous votive offerings, among which is the Antigonus of Apelles. And Aphrodite Anadyomene used to be there, but it is now dedicated to the deified Caesar in Rome, Augustus thus having dedicated to his father the female founder of his family. It is said that the Coans got a remission of one hundred talents of the appointed tribute in return for the painting. And it is said that the dietetics practised by Hippocrates were derived mostly from the cures recorded on the votive tablets there. He, then, is one of the famous men from Cos; and so is Simus the physician; as also Philetas, at the same time poet and critic; and, in my time, Nicias, who also reigned as tyrant over the Coans; and Ariston, the pupil and heir of the Peripatetic; and Theomnestus, a renowned harper, who was a political opponent of Nicias, was a native of the island.''. None
7. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, 2.7.6
 Tagged with subjects: • Manlius Torquatus, T. (III cos. • Torquatus, T. Manlius (cos. • Torquatus, T. Manlius (cos., as controversial exemplum • Torquatus, T. Manlius (cos., execution of son

 Found in books: Langlands (2018) 296; Mueller (2002) 144

2.7.6. If any one of these were given to a state, however famous, it would then seem to be abundantly furnished with military discipline. But our city, which has filled the world with wonderful examples of all sorts, with a dubious face beholds her axes reeking with the blood of her own commanders - which, lest the disturbance of military discipline should go unpunished, is splendid abroad, but it is the cause of private grief enough, to those who are uncertain whether to perform the office of congratulating or comforting. And therefore with doubtful thoughts have I coupled you two together, most severe observers of warlike discipline, Postumius Tubertus and Manlius Torquatus. For I am fearful of sinking under that weight of praise which you have merited, and revealing the weakness of my wit, while I presume to represent your virtue as it should be. For you, Postumius, as dictator, caused your victorious son A. Postumius to be beheaded - your son whom you begot to propagate the succession of your renowned family and your household rites; the charm of whose infancy you had cherished in your bosom and with your kisses; whom as a child you had instructed in learning, as a man in weapons - to be good, courageous, and obedient both to you and to his country; and only because without your command, without your leave, he had defeated his enemies, your fatherly command was to send him to the executioner. For I am certain that your eyes, overwhelmed with darkness in the brightest light, could not look upon the great work of your mind. But you, Manlius Torquatus, consul in the Latin War, commanded your son to be carried away by the lictor, and to be slain like a sacrifice, though he obtained a noble victory, because he had presumed to fight with Geminus Maecius, general of the Tusculans, when provoked to combat by him. You thought it better that a father should lack a courageous son, than that your country should lack military discipline.''. None
8. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Cos • Cos, informative documents from • Cos, sales of priesthoods • cos, Antigoneion

 Found in books: Horster and Klöckner (2014) 45; Lupu(2005) 51, 52; Naiden (2013) 213

9. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Antimacheia, Cos • Cos • Cos, Asclepieum • cos, Karneiasion • cult foundations, of Diomedon (Cos)

 Found in books: Dignas (2002) 30, 241; Horster and Klöckner (2014) 264; Lupu(2005) 38, 111; Stavrianopoulou (2006) 229

10. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Asclepius Soter, on Cos • Athena Soteira Nike, on Cos • Cos • Hecate Soteira, on Cos • Isis Soteira, on Cos • Theoi Soteres, in Cos • Zeus Soter, on Cos

 Found in books: Horster and Klöckner (2014) 180; Jim (2022) 7; Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 249, 250

Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.