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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
'belief', superstitio, depends on Davies (2004) 85
belief Davies (2004) 5, 23, 78, 131, 154, 167, 168, 283
Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 47, 53, 54, 56, 57, 209, 210, 211, 212, 216, 218, 227, 230, 244
Eisenfeld (2022) 223
Gagné (2020) 2, 26, 217, 223, 224, 390
Gwynne (2004) 143, 146
Harrison (2006) 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89
Harte (2017) 63, 161, 168, 175, 249
Jedan (2009) 18, 19, 189
Jim (2022) 13
Lynskey (2021) 83, 149, 184, 190, 196, 215, 237, 324
Petrovic and Petrovic (2016) 6, 7, 10, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 265, 266, 269, 270, 271, 272, 277, 278, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 290, 291, 294, 295, 296
Rupke (2016) 44
Shannon-Henderson (2019) 7, 342, 343, 344
Wynne (2019) 52, 54
belief, -in Mackey (2022) 78, 79
belief, -that Mackey (2022) 78, 79
belief, about representations Mackey (2022) 180
belief, action, and Mackey (2022) 86, 379
belief, agents, and Mackey (2022) 82, 112, 113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 121
belief, ancient Mackey (2022) 53
belief, and action Mackey (2022) 86, 379
belief, and agency Mackey (2022) 112, 118
belief, and agents Mackey (2022) 82, 112, 113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 121
belief, and cognition Mackey (2022) 114
belief, and conformity Mackey (2022) 245
belief, and cult Mackey (2022) 236, 263, 300, 330
belief, and culture learning Mackey (2022) 334
belief, and desire Harte (2017) 243, 245, 254
belief, and emotion Mackey (2022) 100, 104
belief, and empirical evidence Mackey (2022) 221
belief, and faith Despotis and Lohr (2022) 5, 26, 47, 51, 52, 53, 109, 112, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 159, 173, 180, 185, 211, 215, 255, 256, 257, 258, 278, 287, 296, 315, 316, 321, 322, 325, 329, 330, 331, 332, 335, 336, 344, 358, 359, 360, 362, 363, 434, 440, 441, 443
belief, and inner purity Petrovic and Petrovic (2016) 6, 7
belief, and intentions Mackey (2022) 325
belief, and knowledge for christians, propositional trust, relation to Morgan (2022) 324
belief, and norms Mackey (2022) 73, 129
belief, and practice in religion, xenophanes, on Tor (2017) 343, 344
belief, and practice, converts/proselytes, equality with native jews in Cohen (2010) 361
belief, and prayer Mackey (2022) 305
belief, and ritual Kowalzig (2007) 1, 2, 3
Mackey (2022) 265
belief, and scripture Neusner Green and Avery-Peck (2022) 69, 70
belief, and speech acts Mackey (2022) 297, 299, 319
belief, and understanding Harrison (2006) 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95
belief, and, speech act Mackey (2022) 297, 299, 319
belief, aristotle, unlike plato, distinguishes appearance, phantasia, from Sorabji (2000) 41
belief, as a concept Mackey (2022) 7, 40
belief, as an attitude Mackey (2022) 69
belief, as involving appearance, phantasia, distinguished from judgement, assent, questioning of appearances Sorabji (2000) 215, 216, 330, 331, 332
belief, as involving assent, appearance, phantasia, distinguished from judgement Sorabji (2000) 22, 23, 28, 41, 42, 66, 67, 68, 132, 133, 134
belief, augustine, will involved in Sorabji (2000) 47
belief, believe, lack of Versnel (2011) 427, 428, 556, 557, 558
belief, categorization of in legal contexts, religious Humfress (2007) 235, 243
belief, centrality of Mackey (2022) 40, 164, 220
belief, centrality of practice Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 26
belief, christian Mackey (2022) 48
belief, christian inscriptions, expressions of christian Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458
belief, cognition, and Mackey (2022) 114
belief, collective Mackey (2022) 364, 365
belief, complex basis of resurrection Morgan (2022) 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109
belief, concept of Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 26
belief, constitutive Mackey (2022) 203, 338, 365, 369
belief, content of Mackey (2022) 65, 67, 108, 330
belief, counterintuitive Mackey (2022) 353
belief, cult, and Mackey (2022) 236, 263, 300, 330
belief, cultural Mackey (2022) 237
belief, deontic Mackey (2022) 118, 119, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 156, 157, 158, 161, 184, 186, 188, 338, 360, 365, 390
belief, divination, and Johnston and Struck (2005) 39, 40, 41, 42, 51
belief, doxa Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 47, 300, 385, 434, 531, 538
Long (2006) 14, 46, 54, 56, 57, 58, 77, 81, 95, 96, 106, 115, 116, 188, 204, 205, 207, 231, 232, 235
Wolfsdorf (2020) 20, 21, 22, 23, 121, 451, 684, 685
belief, doxa, a species of supposition aristotle, hupolēpsis Sorabji (2000) 133
belief, doxa, a species of supposition, hupolēpsis, in aristotle Sorabji (2000) 133
belief, doxa, bentham, j. Long (2006) 180, 189
belief, doxa, distinguished from appearance, phantasia, in aristotle and stoics Sorabji (2000) 41
belief, doxa, hence for stoics and augustine voluntary Sorabji (2000) 47
belief, doxa, in stoicism differs by assent Sorabji (2000) 41, 42
belief, doxa, not distinguished from appearance in plato Sorabji (2000) 41
belief, doxa, on plotinus Sorabji (2000) 28
belief, doxastic Mackey (2022) 21, 41, 48, 69, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 199, 200, 201, 203, 226, 240, 241, 242, 245, 268, 269, 270, 281, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 330, 338
belief, empty Mackey (2022) 214, 260
belief, epicurean theory of Mackey (2022) 217, 220
belief, epiphanic Mackey (2022) 226, 232, 233
belief, epithets, cultic, and Jim (2022) 152, 154
belief, false Mackey (2022) 72, 217, 228, 229, 231, 233, 235, 236, 240, 241, 242
Wolfsdorf (2020) 449, 451, 685
belief, first-order Mackey (2022) 194
belief, heresy, as false Schremer (2010) 66
belief, high intensity vs. low intensity Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 26
belief, horizontal transmission of Mackey (2022) 236, 263, 293
belief, imitation general of Mackey (2022) 260
belief, in apatheia as verbal difference, augustine, misrepresents stoic Sorabji (2000) 206
belief, in apatheia misrepresented as verbal difference, apatheia, freedom from, eradication of emotion, stoic Sorabji (2000) 206
belief, in charismatic gifts, christian Levison (2009) 49
belief, in deity, seneca Braund and Most (2004) 229
belief, in god Gera (2014) 418, 419, 420, 421, 427
Jouanna (2012) 102
belief, in gods, cleanthes, on origins of Mikalson (2010) 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236
belief, in gods/goddesses Mackey (2022) 123, 124, 125, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 227, 228, 229, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 240, 241, 242, 268, 290, 291, 292, 293, 325, 335
belief, in healing and medicines, evil eye Taylor (2012) 325
belief, in indifference, seneca, no less than consolation writings, despite stoic christians, can start by acknowledging loss Sorabji (2000) 394
belief, in matthew Avery Peck et al. (2014) 283, 284
belief, in moderate cicero, platonizing roman statesman, orator, aristotelian metriopatheia ridiculed as perturbation, vice or evil Sorabji (2000) 208
belief, in moderate disease, seneca, the younger, stoic, aristotelian metriopatheia ridiculed as Sorabji (2000) 208, 209
belief, in one god, jewish apocalyptic tradition Griffiths (1975) 345
belief, in oracles, diocletian, personal Simmons(1995) 36
belief, in pursuit of pleasure Mackey (2022) 214
belief, in thessaly, gifts from, egyptian Griffiths (1975) 29, 136, 349
belief, in xenophanes, truth, alētheia, and Wolfsdorf (2020) 22, 23
belief, inscriptions as evidence Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 100, 101, 102, 107
belief, integrated with stoic/greek rationalization, divination, etruscan Williams (2012) 296, 297, 319, 323
belief, intensity of Mackey (2022) 81, 82, 295
belief, justified true Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 177
belief, knowledge, as justified true Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 177
belief, knowledge, vs. Harte (2017) 89, 90, 91, 132, 141, 142, 144, 148, 149, 150, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161
belief, learned Mackey (2022) 106
belief, material culture Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 123
belief, messiah, in as basis for revolts against rome Feldman (2006) 317, 329
belief, messiah, in josephus’ attitude toward Feldman (2006) 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 719, 720
belief, minut, wrong Schremer (2010) 203
belief, mutual Mackey (2022) 149, 184
belief, nonconstitutive Mackey (2022) 203, 368, 369, 390
belief, nonreflective Mackey (2022) 82, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 100, 101, 103, 104, 112, 113, 157, 200, 293, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 369
belief, normative Mackey (2022) 365
belief, not distinguished from appearance, plotinus, neoplatonist Sorabji (2000) 28
belief, nourishment/nurturance Penniman (2017) 146
belief, objects of Mackey (2022) 67, 72
belief, objects, of Mackey (2022) 67, 72
belief, of children Mackey (2022) 332
belief, of essenes, deterministic Feldman (2006) 19
belief, opinion Joosse (2021) 82, 83, 85, 124, 169, 183
belief, or knowledge, correspondence, as basis for Morgan (2022) 28
belief, or trust, coherence, as criterion for Morgan (2022) 93, 102, 103, 105, 108, 112, 153, 154, 233, 327, 328
belief, or trust, witness, as basis of Morgan (2022) 45, 66, 84, 85, 86, 90, 91, 100, 101, 102, 103, 115, 120, 126, 129, 130, 206, 218, 222, 232, 256, 295, 296, 299, 300, 313
belief, orpheus, monotheistic Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 85
belief, pagan Mackey (2022) 378
belief, pagan views, jewish Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 630
belief, parmenides, his ontology, doxastic things available for discussion, in correct accounts Tor (2017) 286, 303
belief, perception, memory, imagination, will, expansion of role in augustine, will in thought, faith Sorabji (2000) 47, 337
belief, popular Jouanna (2012) 107
belief, practical states of Mackey (2022) 268, 269, 270, 281, 292, 338
belief, prestige-based Mackey (2022) 332
belief, psychological mode Mackey (2022) 69
belief, pythias, beliefs, Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 244
belief, reflective Mackey (2022) 82, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 95, 104, 113, 157, 293, 321, 337
belief, relation to christian commitment Morgan (2022) 5, 218, 219
belief, religion, and Mackey (2022) 107, 364, 379
belief, religious Mackey (2022) 56, 107, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 240, 241, 291, 292, 364, 379, 381, 382
Tor (2017) 48, 49, 50, 51, 342, 343
belief, ritual, and Mackey (2022) 265
belief, ritualistic Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 26
belief, roman Mackey (2022) 29, 33, 40, 41, 48, 53, 108, 121, 122, 123, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 351, 352, 353, 354, 357, 358, 359, 360, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 369, 371, 374, 375
belief, roman religion, and Mackey (2022) 7, 8, 9, 29, 33, 40, 41, 48, 53, 56, 108, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 357, 358, 359, 360, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 369
belief, second-order Mackey (2022) 107, 194
belief, seneca, rationalization of etruscan divinatory Williams (2012) 328, 329, 330
belief, shared Mackey (2022) 149, 151, 153, 156, 157, 158, 161, 164, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 200, 201, 269, 281, 282, 283, 298, 324, 363, 364
belief, situational Dilley (2019) 183
belief, sociocultural Mackey (2022) 72
belief, sources of Mackey (2022) 9
belief, spirit, effects of Frey and Levison (2014) 29, 338
belief, system faith Beck (2006) 2, 62
belief, systems Nuno et al (2021) 1, 237, 239, 257, 395
belief, test, false Dilley (2019) 13
belief, texts as evidence Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 26, 69, 71, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
belief, that jews must remain unmolested, as testimony to augustine, christ, of Kraemer (2020) 6, 58
belief, theological Mackey (2022) 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 217, 218, 227, 228, 229, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 240, 282, 290, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 390
belief, traditional Mackey (2022) 122, 125
belief, triggers of Mackey (2022) 333
belief, true Harte (2017) 130, 163, 164, 165, 169, 173, 176, 177, 178, 179
Inwood and Warren (2020) 222
belief, true unity, kinds of Inwood and Warren (2020) 134, 135
belief, unshared Mackey (2022) 200
belief, usefulness of Harrison (2006) 83, 84
belief, vertical transmission of Mackey (2022) 236, 263, 293
belief, visual imagery as evidence Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 53, 56, 59, 60, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 92, 93
belief, xenophanes, on knowledge and Wolfsdorf (2020) 20, 21, 22, 23
belief/believers Binder (2012) 8, 33, 52, 63, 77, 81, 85, 89, 96, 100, 121, 127, 140, 147, 148, 154, 169, 181, 187
belief/conviction, and social change, propels into Kowalzig (2007) 8, 9
belief/conviction, propels into Kowalzig (2007) 1, 2, 117, 118
belief/disbelief Lightfoot (2021) 74, 104, 110, 118, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 147, 148, 149
belief/faith, christian Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 2, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 78, 96, 99, 101, 102, 108, 110, 129, 130, 131, 136, 143, 151, 158, 160, 163, 240, 294, 312, 313, 317, 321, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 336, 343, 356, 357, 358, 396
belief/opinion, doxa, δόξα‎ d, Hoine and Martijn (2017) 75, 141, 168, 182, 185, 194, 198, 200, 204, 205, 228, 264, 266, 269, 277
belief/opinion, doxa, δόξα‎, of forms d, Hoine and Martijn (2017) 194, 197, 205
belief/s, as misconceptions on stoic lines of thought Agri (2022) 14, 15, 28
belief/s, as traits of character Agri (2022) 51, 52, 53, 62, 63, 64, 73, 74, 77, 142, 143, 144, 179
belief/s, in gender-based reasoning Agri (2022) 5, 46, 47
belief/s, nature of Agri (2022) 17, 18, 19, 20, 45, 46, 73
belief/s, role in emotion Agri (2022) 3, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 73, 100, 101, 107, 108, 111, 112, 113, 144, 150, 173, 179, 194
belief/s, role in persecutory delusions Agri (2022) 63, 142, 143
beliefs Avery Peck et al. (2014) 6, 127, 251
Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 53, 92, 94, 157, 161, 162, 166, 187
beliefs, about afterlife in boeotia Simon (2021) 108
beliefs, about dead, rome Satlow (2013) 128
beliefs, about gods, lack of respect for gods', and mistaken Mikalson (2010) 115, 158, 159, 174, 250
beliefs, about gods, proper respect for gods, and correct Mikalson (2010) 195, 236
beliefs, about, agency Mackey (2022) 112, 118
beliefs, about, athenian Parker (2005) 363, 364, 365, 366, 367
beliefs, afterlife, archaic Wolfsdorf (2020) 595, 596, 597
beliefs, and, di manes/minor deities, roman Satlow (2013) 128
beliefs, and, moses, chaldean Birnbaum and Dillon (2020) 225
beliefs, anger, philodemus, natural anger almost = freedom from anger, contrast anger based on empty Sorabji (2000) 202
beliefs, as, causes Graver (2007) 65
beliefs, as, physical events Graver (2007) 227
beliefs, as, traits of character Graver (2007) 137, 139, 141, 142, 144, 145
beliefs, at epinikia, popular Martin (2009) 59, 60, 61, 69, 178
beliefs, at meetings of ecclesia, popular Martin (2009) 74, 75, 76
beliefs, basic and non-basic Morgan (2022) 64, 65, 93, 94, 99, 327, 328
beliefs, christians, their Schremer (2010) 218
beliefs, cognitions, accurate benefit Graver (2007) 49, 180, 181, 183, 185
beliefs, concerning appropriateness Graver (2007) 42, 43
beliefs, concerning, appropriateness Graver (2007) 42, 43
beliefs, dispositional, and occurrent Graver (2007) 229
beliefs, essenes, afterlife Klawans (2019) 44, 45, 48
beliefs, evaluative Graver (2007) 39, 49, 51, 52, 229
beliefs, fear, as typology of Agri (2022) 45
beliefs, formation, of Graver (2007) 26, 27, 28
beliefs, fresh Graver (2007) 55, 79, 228, 229, 231
beliefs, funerary inscriptions/epitaphs, religious Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 641, 642, 643
beliefs, gods, and late fifth-century afterlife Wolfsdorf (2020) 606, 607, 608
beliefs, heraclitus, afterlife Wolfsdorf (2020) 41, 602
beliefs, hesiod, afterlife Wolfsdorf (2020) 561, 595, 596, 597
beliefs, in aeschylus, afterlife Wolfsdorf (2020) 602, 603, 604
beliefs, in emotion, cicero, on Graver (2007) 36, 43, 62, 229, 233
beliefs, in pindar, afterlife Wolfsdorf (2020) 602, 603, 604, 605
beliefs, in religion, greek Tor (2017) 41, 48, 50, 51
beliefs, in speeches, popular Martin (2009) 93, 94, 221, 243, 244, 292
beliefs, josephus essenes, death and afterlife Taylor (2012) 82, 83
beliefs, metempsychosis, transmigration of soul, reincarnation, orphic Wolfsdorf (2020) 600, 601
beliefs, millennialist O, Daly (2020) 242, 243, 244
beliefs, moral Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 52, 61, 184
beliefs, of euripides, religious van der EIjk (2005) 46
beliefs, of intellectuals, religious van der EIjk (2005) 47, 70
beliefs, of xenophanes, religious van der EIjk (2005) 46
beliefs, persian apocalypticism, and qumran Collins (2016) 83, 88, 89, 96, 105, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217
beliefs, philodemus, epicurean, natural anger vs. anger based on empty Sorabji (2000) 202
beliefs, plato, non-rational parts of soul can entertain Sorabji (2000) 126
beliefs, popular Martin (2009) 2, 3, 31, 94, 95, 96, 233, 234, 248, 263, 264, 265, 292
beliefs, prodicus, religious Wolfsdorf (2020) 195, 196, 207, 208
beliefs, psychē, soul, in mystery cult Wolfsdorf (2020) 602
beliefs, pythia Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 244
beliefs, role, in emotion Graver (2007) 36, 39, 42, 43, 65, 79, 233
beliefs, scorn gods, ridicule christian Sider (2001) 35, 67, 76, 78
beliefs, terms, for Graver (2007) 226
beliefs, true Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 129, 177, 528, 532, 537
beliefs/religion, pagan Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 73, 187, 294, 362
faith/belief Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 2, 14, 16, 48, 109, 118, 128, 129, 130, 138, 139, 143, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 157, 160, 161, 164, 165, 167, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 235
Wilson (2018) 1, 3, 4, 8, 15, 21, 38, 39, 44, 53, 55, 57, 58, 59, 66, 67, 70, 71, 72, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 132, 134, 135, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 150, 152, 153, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167, 169, 172, 173, 174, 177, 178, 184, 186, 187, 188, 191, 196, 198, 200, 201, 202, 204, 205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 230, 234, 235, 236, 237, 241, 242, 244, 246, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 255, 256, 257, 258, 260, 263, 270, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 280, 282, 284, 285, 287, 290, 292, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 304, 305
faith/belief, and lack of Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 16, 48, 118, 144, 149, 151, 157, 165, 174
faith/belief, as god’s gift Wilson (2018) 1, 4, 8, 15, 38, 57, 66, 67, 93, 94, 95, 100, 103, 104, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 119, 121, 123, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 134, 141, 142, 143, 145, 150, 152, 153, 162, 163, 164, 165, 172, 173, 178, 184, 187, 188, 191, 196, 198, 200, 201, 202, 205, 207, 208, 209, 211, 213, 215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 225, 228, 230, 235, 236, 241, 242, 246, 248, 250, 255, 256, 257, 258, 260, 263, 270, 273, 274, 276, 279, 280, 284, 285, 295, 298, 304, 305
faith/belief, initial faith Wilson (2018) 1, 3, 4, 38, 57, 67, 84, 85, 93, 94, 95, 100, 103, 106, 107, 115, 119, 121, 125, 129, 130, 134, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 152, 153, 162, 163, 164, 172, 173, 174, 184, 187, 188, 196, 200, 201, 202, 205, 207, 208, 209, 211, 213, 217, 220, 221, 222, 225, 228, 241, 242, 248, 250, 255, 256, 257, 258, 260, 263, 270, 274, 276, 280, 290, 298
faith/belief, initium fidei Wilson (2018) 8, 142, 143, 152, 197, 201, 202, 207, 208, 255, 256, 257, 290, 292
religion/beliefs, tradition/ Levison (2009) 84, 148, 149, 175, 219, 238, 391, 415

List of validated texts:
69 validated results for "belief"
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 23.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • God, belief in • belief and faith

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 5; Gera (2014) 419

23.4. לֹא־יָבֹא עַמּוֹנִי וּמוֹאָבִי בִּקְהַל יְהוָה גַּם דּוֹר עֲשִׂירִי לֹא־יָבֹא לָהֶם בִּקְהַל יְהוָה עַד־עוֹלָם׃''. None
23.4. An Ammonite or a Moabite shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation shall none of them enter into the assembly of the LORD for ever;''. None
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 14.31 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • God, belief in

 Found in books: Gera (2014) 421; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 153

14.31. וַיַּרְא יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־הַיָּד הַגְּדֹלָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהוָה בְּמִצְרַיִם וַיִּירְאוּ הָעָם אֶת־יְהוָה וַיַּאֲמִינוּ בַּיהוָה וּבְמֹשֶׁה עַבְדּוֹ׃''. None
14.31. And Israel saw the great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians, and the people feared the LORD; and they believed in the LORD, and in His servant Moses.''. None
3. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.1, 1.27, 15.6, 17.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • Faith/belief • Faith/belief, and lack of • Gnosticism, beliefs and practices • God, belief in • Moses, Chaldean beliefs and • belief and faith • beliefs, basic and non-basic • post-mortality belief, representation of, Egyptian context • tradition/ religion/beliefs

 Found in books: Birnbaum and Dillon (2020) 225; Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 357; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 332, 358; Esler (2000) 920; Gera (2014) 421; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 2, 14, 143, 151, 152, 153, 171; Levison (2009) 148, 149; Morgan (2022) 64; Waldner et al (2016) 173

1.1. בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃
1.1. וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לַיַּבָּשָׁה אֶרֶץ וּלְמִקְוֵה הַמַּיִם קָרָא יַמִּים וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי־טוֹב׃
1.27. וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם בְּצַלְמוֹ בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים בָּרָא אֹתוֹ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בָּרָא אֹתָם׃
15.6. וְהֶאֱמִן בַּיהוָה וַיַּחְשְׁבֶהָ לּוֹ צְדָקָה׃
17.1. וַיְהִי אַבְרָם בֶּן־תִּשְׁעִים שָׁנָה וְתֵשַׁע שָׁנִים וַיֵּרָא יְהוָה אֶל־אַבְרָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אֲנִי־אֵל שַׁדַּי הִתְהַלֵּךְ לְפָנַי וֶהְיֵה תָמִים׃'
17.1. זֹאת בְּרִיתִי אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁמְרוּ בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיכֶם וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ אַחֲרֶיךָ הִמּוֹל לָכֶם כָּל־זָכָר׃ '. None
1.1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
1.27. And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them.
15.6. And he believed in the LORD; and He counted it to him for righteousness.
17.1. And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him: ‘I am God Almighty; walk before Me, and be thou wholehearted.' '. None
4. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 12.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • God, belief in • faith/belief

 Found in books: Gera (2014) 421; Wilson (2018) 71, 72

12.3. וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי יִמּוֹל בְּשַׂר עָרְלָתוֹ׃''. None
12.3. And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.''. None
5. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 8.22, 21.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • Gnosticism, beliefs and practices • beliefs, basic and non-basic • faith/belief

 Found in books: Esler (2000) 920; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 14; Morgan (2022) 64; Wilson (2018) 21

8.22. יְהוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכּוֹ קֶדֶם מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָז׃
21.1. נֶפֶשׁ רָשָׁע אִוְּתָה־רָע לֹא־יֻחַן בְּעֵינָיו רֵעֵהוּ׃'
21.1. פַּלְגֵי־מַיִם לֶב־מֶלֶךְ בְּיַד־יְהוָה עַל־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר יַחְפֹּץ יַטֶּנּוּ׃ '. None
8.22. The LORD made me as the beginning of His way, The first of His works of old.
21.1. The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the watercourses: He turneth it whithersoever He will.''. None
6. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 45.11 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • beliefs, basic and non-basic • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift

 Found in books: Morgan (2022) 64; Wilson (2018) 226, 246

45.11. כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיֹצְרוֹ הָאֹתִיּוֹת שְׁאָלוּנִי עַל־בָּנַי וְעַל־פֹּעַל יָדַי תְּצַוֻּנִי׃''. None
45.11. Thus saith the LORD, The Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: Ask Me of the things that are to come; Concerning My sons, and concerning the work of My hands, command ye Me.''. None
7. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 31.32 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief and faith • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 51; Morgan (2022) 233; Wilson (2018) 114

31.32. לֹא כַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר כָּרַתִּי אֶת־אֲבוֹתָם בְּיוֹם הֶחֱזִיקִי בְיָדָם לְהוֹצִיאָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם אֲשֶׁר־הֵמָּה הֵפֵרוּ אֶת־בְּרִיתִי וְאָנֹכִי בָּעַלְתִּי בָם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃''. None
31.32. not according to the covet that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; forasmuch as they broke My covet, although I was a lord over them, saith the LORD.''. None
8. Hesiod, Works And Days, 166-172, 238-247 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hesiod, afterlife beliefs • Pindar, afterlife beliefs in • afterlife, archaic beliefs • belief • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, bliss • post-mortality belief, critique • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Petrovic and Petrovic (2016) 32, 265; Waldner et al (2016) 23, 63, 79; Wolfsdorf (2020) 561, 596, 597, 605

166. ἔνθʼ ἤτοι τοὺς μὲν θανάτου τέλος ἀμφεκάλυψε,'167. τοῖς δὲ δίχʼ ἀνθρώπων βίοτον καὶ ἤθεʼ ὀπάσσας 168. Ζεὺς Κρονίδης κατένασσε πατὴρ ἐς πείρατα γαίης. 169. Πέμπτον δʼ αὖτις ἔτʼ ἄ λλο γένος θῆκʼ εὐρύοπα Ζεὺς 169. ἀνδρῶν, οἳ γεγάασιν ἐπὶ χθονὶ πουλυβοτείρῃ. 169. τοῖσι δʼ ὁμῶς ν εάτοις τιμὴ καὶ κῦδος ὀπηδεῖ. 169. τοῦ γὰρ δεσμὸ ν ἔλυσε πα τὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε. 169. τηλοῦ ἀπʼ ἀθανάτων· τοῖσιν Κρόνος ἐμβασιλεύει. 170. καὶ τοὶ μὲν ναίουσιν ἀκηδέα θυμὸν ἔχοντες 171. ἐν μακάρων νήσοισι παρʼ Ὠκεανὸν βαθυδίνην, 172. ὄλβιοι ἥρωες, τοῖσιν μελιηδέα καρπὸν
238. οἷς δʼ ὕβρις τε μέμηλε κακὴ καὶ σχέτλια ἔργα, 239. τοῖς δὲ δίκην Κρονίδης τεκμαίρεται εὐρύοπα Ζεύς. 240. πολλάκι καὶ ξύμπασα πόλις κακοῦ ἀνδρὸς ἀπηύρα, 241. ὅς κεν ἀλιτραίνῃ καὶ ἀτάσθαλα μηχανάαται. 242. τοῖσιν δʼ οὐρανόθεν μέγʼ ἐπήγαγε πῆμα Κρονίων 243. λιμὸν ὁμοῦ καὶ λοιμόν· ἀποφθινύθουσι δὲ λαοί. 244. οὐδὲ γυναῖκες τίκτουσιν, μινύθουσι δὲ οἶκοι 245. Ζηνὸς φραδμοσύνῃσιν Ὀλυμπίου· ἄλλοτε δʼ αὖτε 246. ἢ τῶν γε στρατὸν εὐρὺν ἀπώλεσεν ἢ ὅ γε τεῖχος 247. ἢ νέας ἐν πόντῳ Κρονίδης ἀποαίνυται αὐτῶν. '. None
166. And dreadful battles vanquished some of these,'167. While some in Cadmus’ Thebes, while looking for 168. The flocks of Oedipus, found death. The sea 169. Took others as they crossed to Troy fight 170. For fair-tressed Helen. They were screened as well 171. In death. Lord Zeus arranged it that they might 172. Live far from others. Thus they came to dwell,
238. Woe to the wicked men who ousted her. 239. The city and its folk are burgeoning, 240. However, when to both the foreigner 241. And citizen are given judgments fair 242. And honest, children grow in amity, 243. Far-seeing Zeus sends them no dread warfare, 244. And decent men suffer no scarcity 245. of food, no ruin, as they till their field 246. And feast; abundance reigns upon the earth; 247. Each mountaintop a wealth of acorns yields, '. None
9. Hesiod, Theogony, 26-28, 702-712, 744-779 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Opinion (belief) • belief • belief, visual imagery as evidence • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 56, 87, 93; Gagné (2020) 26; Joosse (2021) 169; Waldner et al (2016) 25, 26, 54

26. ποιμένες ἄγραυλοι, κάκʼ ἐλέγχεα, γαστέρες οἶον,'27. ἴδμεν ψεύδεα πολλὰ λέγειν ἐτύμοισιν ὁμοῖα, 28. ἴδμεν δʼ, εὖτʼ ἐθέλωμεν, ἀληθέα γηρύσασθαι.
702. αὔτως, ὡς εἰ Γαῖα καὶ Οὐρανὸς εὐρὺς ὕπερθε 703. πίλνατο· τοῖος γάρ κε μέγας ὑπὸ δοῦπος ὀρώρει 704. τῆς μὲν ἐρειπομένης, τοῦ δʼ ὑψόθεν ἐξεριπόντος· 705. τόσσος δοῦπος ἔγεντο θεῶν ἔριδι ξυνιόντων. 706. σὺν δʼ ἄνεμοι ἔνοσίν τε κονίην τʼ ἐσφαράγιζον 707. βροντήν τε στεροπήν τε καὶ αἰθαλόεντα κεραυνόν, 708. κῆλα Διὸς μεγάλοιο, φέρον δʼ ἰαχήν τʼ ἐνοπήν τε 709. ἐς μέσον ἀμφοτέρων· ὄτοβος δʼ ἄπλητος ὀρώρει 710. σμερδαλέης ἔριδος, κάρτος δʼ ἀνεφαίνετο ἔργων. 711. ἐκλίνθη δὲ μάχη· πρὶν δʼ ἀλλήλοις ἐπέχοντες 712. ἐμμενέως ἐμάχοντο διὰ κρατερὰς ὑσμίνας.
744. τοῦτο τέρας. Νυκτὸς δʼ ἐρεβεννῆς οἰκία δεινὰ 745. ἕστηκεν νεφέλῃς κεκαλυμμένα κυανέῃσιν. 746. τῶν πρόσθʼ Ἰαπετοῖο πάις ἔχει οὐρανὸν εὐρὺν 747. ἑστηὼς κεφαλῇ τε καὶ ἀκαμάτῃσι χέρεσσιν 748. ἀστεμφέως, ὅθι Νύξ τε καὶ Ἡμέρη ἆσσον ἰοῦσαι 749. ἀλλήλας προσέειπον, ἀμειβόμεναι μέγαν οὐδὸν 750. χάλκεον· ἣ μὲν ἔσω καταβήσεται, ἣ δὲ θύραζε 751. ἔρχεται, οὐδέ ποτʼ ἀμφοτέρας δόμος ἐντὸς ἐέργει, 752. ἀλλʼ αἰεὶ ἑτέρη γε δόμων ἔκτοσθεν ἐοῦσα 753. γαῖαν ἐπιστρέφεται, ἣ δʼ αὖ δόμου ἐντὸς ἐοῦσα 754. μίμνει τὴν αὐτῆς ὥρην ὁδοῦ, ἔστʼ ἂν ἵκηται, 755. ἣ μὲν ἐπιχθονίοισι φάος πολυδερκὲς ἔχουσα, 756. ἣ δʼ Ὕπνον μετὰ χερσί, κασίγνητον Θανάτοιο. 757. Νὺξ ὀλοή, νεφέλῃ κεκαλυμμένη ἠεροειδεῖ. 758. ἔνθα δὲ Νυκτὸς παῖδες ἐρεμνῆς οἰκίʼ ἔχουσιν, 759. Ὕπνος καὶ Θάνατος, δεινοὶ θεοί· οὐδέ ποτʼ αὐτοὺς 760. Ἠέλιος φαέθων ἐπιδέρκεται ἀκτίνεσσιν 761. οὐρανὸν εἲς ἀνιὼν οὐδʼ οὐρανόθεν καταβαίνων. 762. τῶν δʼ ἕτερος γαῖάν τε καὶ εὐρέα νῶτα θαλάσσης 763. ἥσυχος ἀνστρέφεται καὶ μείλιχος ἀνθρώποισι, 764. τοῦ δὲ σιδηρέη μὲν κραδίη, χάλκεον δέ οἱ ἦτορ 765. νηλεὲς ἐν στήθεσσιν· ἔχει δʼ ὃν πρῶτα λάβῃσιν 766. ἀνθρώπων· ἐχθρὸς δὲ καὶ ἀθανάτοισι θεοῖσιν. 767. ἔνθα θεοῦ χθονίου πρόσθεν δόμοι ἠχήεντες 768. ἰφθίμου τʼ Ἀίδεω καὶ ἐπαινῆς Περσεφονείης 769. ἑστᾶσιν, δεινὸς δὲ κύων προπάροιθε φυλάσσει 770. νηλειής, τέχνην δὲ κακὴν ἔχει· ἐς μὲν ἰόντας 771. σαίνει ὁμῶς οὐρῇ τε καὶ οὔασιν ἀμφοτέροισιν, 772. ἐξελθεῖν δʼ οὐκ αὖτις ἐᾷ πάλιν, ἀλλὰ δοκεύων 773. ἐσθίει, ὅν κε λάβῃσι πυλέων ἔκτοσθεν ἰόντα. 774. ἰφθίμου τʼ Ἀίδεω καὶ ἐπαινῆς Περσεφονείης. 775. ἔνθα δὲ ναιετάει στυγερὴ θεὸς ἀθανάτοισι, 776. δεινὴ Στύξ, θυγάτηρ ἀψορρόου Ὠκεανοῖο 777. πρεσβυτάτη· νόσφιν δὲ θεῶν κλυτὰ δώματα ναίει 778. μακρῇσιν πέτρῃσι κατηρεφέʼ· ἀμφὶ δὲ πάντη 779. κίοσιν ἀργυρέοισι πρὸς οὐρανὸν ἐστήρικται. '. None
26. of Helicon, and in those early day'27. Those daughters of Lord Zeus proclaimed to me: 28. “You who tend sheep, full of iniquity,
702. But when Lord Zeus before the gods arrayed 703. Ambrosia and nectar, they consumed 704. That godly food and all at once resumed 705. Their manly pride. Zeus said, “Bright progeny 706. of Earth and Heaven, hear what my heart bids me 707. To say. The Titans have been wrangling 708. With us so long in hope this war will bring 709. Them victory. Show to unyielding might 710. And face the Titans in this bitter fight. 711. Remember our kind counselling when we 712. Returned you from your dreadful misery
744. Their deadly shafts, and up to heaven whirled 745. The shouts of both the armies as the fight 746. They now engaged. Now Zeus held back his might 747. No longer, but at once he was aflame 748. With fury; from Olympus then he came, 749. Showing his strength and hurling lightning 750. Continually; his bolts went rocketing 751. Nonstop from his strong hand and, whirling, flashed 752. An awesome flame. The nurturing earth then crashed 753. And burned, the mighty forest crackling 754. Fortissimo, the whole earth smouldering, 755. As did the Ocean and the barren sea, 756. And round the Titan band, Earth’s progeny, 757. Hot vapour lapped, and up to the bright air 758. An untold flame arose; the flashing glare 759. of Zeus’s bolt and lightning, although they 760. Were strong and mighty, took their sight away. 761. Astounding heat seized Chaos, and to hear 762. And see it, Earth and Heaven were surely near 763. To clashing, for that would have been the sound 764. of Heaven hurling down into the ground 765. As they demolished Earth. Thus the gods clashed, 766. Raging in dreadful battle. The winds lashed 767. A rumbling, dust-filled earthquake, bringing, too, 768. Thunder and lightning-bolts, the hullabaloo 769. Great Zeus commanded, and the battle-shout 770. And clangour to their ranks. Then all about 771. Raged harsh discord, and many a violent deed 772. Was done. The battle ended, but indeed 773. Until that time they fought continually 774. In cruel war, and Cronus’ progeny 775. Appeared in the forefront, Briareus, 776. Cottus and Gyes, ever ravenou 777. For war; three hundred rocks they frequently 778. Launched at the Titans, with this weaponry 779. Eclipsing them and hurling them below '. None
10. Homer, Iliad, 2.484-2.492, 18.117-18.119 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hesiod, afterlife beliefs • afterlife, archaic beliefs • belief • belief, visual imagery as evidence • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 87; Gagné (2020) 26; Waldner et al (2016) 17, 21, 22; Wolfsdorf (2020) 596

2.484. ἔσπετε νῦν μοι Μοῦσαι Ὀλύμπια δώματʼ ἔχουσαι· 2.485. ὑμεῖς γὰρ θεαί ἐστε πάρεστέ τε ἴστέ τε πάντα, 2.486. ἡμεῖς δὲ κλέος οἶον ἀκούομεν οὐδέ τι ἴδμεν· 2.487. οἵ τινες ἡγεμόνες Δαναῶν καὶ κοίρανοι ἦσαν· 2.488. πληθὺν δʼ οὐκ ἂν ἐγὼ μυθήσομαι οὐδʼ ὀνομήνω, 2.489. οὐδʼ εἴ μοι δέκα μὲν γλῶσσαι, δέκα δὲ στόματʼ εἶεν, 2.490. φωνὴ δʼ ἄρρηκτος, χάλκεον δέ μοι ἦτορ ἐνείη, 2.491. εἰ μὴ Ὀλυμπιάδες Μοῦσαι Διὸς αἰγιόχοιο 2.492. θυγατέρες μνησαίαθʼ ὅσοι ὑπὸ Ἴλιον ἦλθον·
18.117. οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδὲ βίη Ἡρακλῆος φύγε κῆρα, 18.118. ὅς περ φίλτατος ἔσκε Διὶ Κρονίωνι ἄνακτι· 18.119. ἀλλά ἑ μοῖρα δάμασσε καὶ ἀργαλέος χόλος Ἥρης.''. None
2.484. Even as a bull among the herd stands forth far the chiefest over all, for that he is pre-eminent among the gathering kine, even such did Zeus make Agamemnon on that day, pre-eminent among many, and chiefest amid warriors.Tell me now, ye Muses that have dwellings on Olympus— 2.485. for ye are goddesses and are at hand and know all things, whereas we hear but a rumour and know not anything—who were the captains of the Danaans and their lords. But the common folk I could not tell nor name, nay, not though ten tongues were mine and ten mouths 2.490. and a voice unwearying, and though the heart within me were of bronze, did not the Muses of Olympus, daughters of Zeus that beareth the aegis, call to my mind all them that came beneath Ilios. Now will I tell the captains of the ships and the ships in their order.of the Boeotians Peneleos and Leïtus were captains,
18.117. even on Hector; for my fate, I will accept it whenso Zeus willeth to bring it to pass, and the other immortal gods. For not even the mighty Heracles escaped death, albeit he was most dear to Zeus, son of Cronos, the king, but fate overcame him, and the dread wrath of Hera. 18.119. even on Hector; for my fate, I will accept it whenso Zeus willeth to bring it to pass, and the other immortal gods. For not even the mighty Heracles escaped death, albeit he was most dear to Zeus, son of Cronos, the king, but fate overcame him, and the dread wrath of Hera. ''. None
11. None, None, nan (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hesiod, afterlife beliefs • afterlife, archaic beliefs • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, bliss • post-mortality belief, critique • post-mortality belief, image, in writings Greece • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Waldner et al (2016) 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 60, 64, 79; Wolfsdorf (2020) 595, 596

12. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 36.26 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief and faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 325; Wilson (2018) 201

36.26. וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב חָדָשׁ וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי אֶת־לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשַׂרְכֶם וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃''. None
36.26. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh.''. None
13. None, None, nan (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aeschylus, afterlife beliefs in • Hesiod, afterlife beliefs • Pindar, afterlife beliefs in • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, bliss • post-mortality belief, critique • post-mortality belief, image, in writings Greece • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Waldner et al (2016) 24, 61, 79; Wolfsdorf (2020) 561, 604, 605

14. Euripides, Electra, 583 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief,believe, lack of • belief/disbelief

 Found in books: Lightfoot (2021) 110; Versnel (2011) 558

583. πέποιθα δ': ἢ χρὴ μηκέθ' ἡγεῖσθαι θεούς,"". None
583. Are you that one? Oreste''. None
15. Herodotus, Histories, 2.53, 9.100 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief, texts as evidence • belief, visual imagery as evidence • popular beliefs, at epinikia • post-mortality belief, belief, Greek context • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 77, 83; Martin (2009) 69; Waldner et al (2016) 18

2.53. ἔνθεν δὲ ἐγένοντο ἕκαστος τῶν θεῶν, εἴτε αἰεὶ ἦσαν πάντες, ὁκοῖοί τε τινὲς τὰ εἴδεα, οὐκ ἠπιστέατο μέχρι οὗ πρώην τε καὶ χθὲς ὡς εἰπεῖν λόγῳ. Ἡσίοδον γὰρ καὶ Ὅμηρον ἡλικίην τετρακοσίοισι ἔτεσι δοκέω μευ πρεσβυτέρους γενέσθαι καὶ οὐ πλέοσι· οὗτοι δὲ εἰσὶ οἱ ποιήσαντες θεογονίην Ἕλλησι καὶ τοῖσι θεοῖσι τὰς ἐπωνυμίας δόντες καὶ τιμάς τε καὶ τέχνας διελόντες καὶ εἴδεα αὐτῶν σημήναντες. οἱ δὲ πρότερον ποιηταὶ λεγόμενοι τούτων τῶν ἀνδρῶν γενέσθαι ὕστερον, ἔμοιγε δοκέειν, ἐγένοντο. τούτων τὰ μὲν πρῶτα αἱ Δωδωνίδες ἱρεῖαι λέγουσι, τὰ δὲ ὕστερα τὰ ἐς Ἡσίοδόν τε καὶ Ὅμηρον ἔχοντα ἐγὼ λέγω.
9.100. ὡς δὲ ἄρα παρεσκευάδατο τοῖσι Ἕλλησι, προσήισαν πρὸς τοὺς βαρβάρους· ἰοῦσι δέ σφι φήμη τε ἐσέπτατο ἐς τὸ στρατόπεδον πᾶν καὶ κηρυκήιον ἐφάνη ἐπὶ τῆς κυματωγῆς κείμενον· ἡ δὲ φήμη διῆλθέ σφι ὧδε, ὡς οἱ Ἕλληνες τὴν Μαρδονίου στρατιὴν νικῷεν ἐν Βοιωτοῖσι μαχόμενοι. δῆλα δὴ πολλοῖσι τεκμηρίοισι ἐστὶ τὰ θεῖα τῶν πρηγμάτων, εἰ καὶ τότε, τῆς αὐτῆς ἡμέρης συμπιπτούσης τοῦ τε ἐν Πλαταιῇσι καὶ τοῦ ἐν Μυκάλῃ μέλλοντος ἔσεσθαι τρώματος, φήμη τοῖσι Ἕλλησι τοῖσι ταύτῃ ἐσαπίκετο, ὥστε θαρσῆσαί τε τὴν στρατιὴν πολλῷ μᾶλλον καὶ ἐθέλειν προθυμότερον κινδυνεύειν.''. None
2.53. But whence each of the gods came to be, or whether all had always been, and how they appeared in form, they did not know until yesterday or the day before, so to speak; ,for I suppose Hesiod and Homer flourished not more than four hundred years earlier than I; and these are the ones who taught the Greeks the descent of the gods, and gave the gods their names, and determined their spheres and functions, and described their outward forms. ,But the poets who are said to have been earlier than these men were, in my opinion, later. The earlier part of all this is what the priestesses of Dodona tell; the later, that which concerns Hesiod and Homer, is what I myself say. ' "
9.100. The Greeks, having made all their preparations advanced their line against the barbarians. As they went, a rumor spread through the army, and a herald's wand was seen lying by the water-line. The rumor that ran was to the effect that the Greeks were victors over Mardonius' army at a battle in Boeotia. ,Now there are many clear indications of the divine ordering of things, seeing that a message, which greatly heartened the army and made it ready to face danger, arrived amongst the Greeks the very day on which the Persians' disaster at Plataea and that other which was to befall them at Mykale took place. "'. None
16. Plato, Timaeus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cleanthes, on origins of belief in gods • gods, and late fifth-century afterlife beliefs

 Found in books: Mikalson (2010) 230; Wolfsdorf (2020) 608

91d. ἔρως συναγαγόντες, οἷον ἀπὸ δένδρων καρπὸν καταδρέψαντες, ὡς εἰς ἄρουραν τὴν μήτραν ἀόρατα ὑπὸ σμικρότητος καὶ ἀδιάπλαστα ζῷα κατασπείραντες καὶ πάλιν διακρίναντες μεγάλα ἐντὸς ἐκθρέψωνται καὶ μετὰ τοῦτο εἰς φῶς ἀγαγόντες ζῴων ἀποτελέσωσι γένεσιν. γυναῖκες μὲν οὖν καὶ τὸ θῆλυ πᾶν οὕτω γέγονεν· τὸ δὲ τῶν ὀρνέων φῦλον μετερρυθμίζετο, ἀντὶ τριχῶν πτερὰ φύον, ἐκ τῶν ἀκάκων ἀνδρῶν, κούφων δέ, καὶ μετεωρολογικῶν μέν, ἡγουμένων δὲ διʼ ὄψεως''. None
91d. they sow upon the womb, as upon ploughed soil, animalcules that are invisible for smallness and unshapen; and these, again, they mold into shape and nourish to a great size within the body; after which they bring them forth into the light and thus complete the generation of the living creature.''. None
17. Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.7.2 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief • divination, and belief

 Found in books: Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 53; Johnston and Struck (2005) 39

4.7.2. After this it seemed to the Lacedaemonians that it was not safe for them to undertake a campaign against the Athenians or against the Boeotians while leaving in their rear a hostile state bordering upon Lacedaemon and one so large as that of the Argives; they accordingly called out the ban against Argos. Now when Agesipolis learned that he was to lead the ban, and when the sacrifices which he offered at the frontier proved favourable, he went to Olympia and consulted the oracle of the god, asking whether 388 B.C. it would be consistent with piety if he did not acknowledge the holy truce claimed by the Argives; for, he urged, it was not when the appointed time came, but when the Lacedaemonians were about to invade their territory, that they pleaded the sacred months. The calendars of different Greek states varied so much that sharp practice of the sort here alleged, i.e., shifting the times of religious festivals to meet an emergency, was not difficult or unusual. Cp. ii. 16 and Thuc. v. 54. And the god signified to him that it was consistent with piety for him not to acknowledge a holy truce which was pleaded unjustly. Then Agesipolis proceeded straight from there to Delphi and asked Apollo in his turn whether he also held the same opinion as his father Zeus in regard to the truce. And Apollo answered that he did hold quite the same opinion.''. None
18. Xenophon, Memoirs, 1.1.2-1.1.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • divination, and belief • lack of respect for gods', and mistaken beliefs about gods

 Found in books: Johnston and Struck (2005) 42; Mikalson (2010) 115

1.1.2. πρῶτον μὲν οὖν, ὡς οὐκ ἐνόμιζεν οὓς ἡ πόλις νομίζει θεούς, ποίῳ ποτʼ ἐχρήσαντο τεκμηρίῳ; θύων τε γὰρ φανερὸς ἦν πολλάκις μὲν οἴκοι, πολλάκις δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν κοινῶν τῆς πόλεως βωμῶν, καὶ μαντικῇ χρώμενος οὐκ ἀφανὴς ἦν. διετεθρύλητο γὰρ ὡς φαίη Σωκράτης τὸ δαιμόνιον ἑαυτῷ σημαίνειν· ὅθεν δὴ καὶ μάλιστά μοι δοκοῦσιν αὐτὸν αἰτιάσασθαι καινὰ δαιμόνια εἰσφέρειν. 1.1.3. ὁ δʼ οὐδὲν καινότερον εἰσέφερε τῶν ἄλλων, ὅσοι μαντικὴν νομίζοντες οἰωνοῖς τε χρῶνται καὶ φήμαις καὶ συμβόλοις καὶ θυσίαις. οὗτοί τε γὰρ ὑπολαμβάνουσιν οὐ τοὺς ὄρνιθας οὐδὲ τοὺς ἀπαντῶντας εἰδέναι τὰ συμφέροντα τοῖς μαντευομένοις, ἀλλὰ τοὺς θεοὺς διὰ τούτων αὐτὰ σημαίνειν, κἀκεῖνος δὲ οὕτως ἐνόμιζεν. 1.1.4. ἀλλʼ οἱ μὲν πλεῖστοί φασιν ὑπό τε τῶν ὀρνίθων καὶ τῶν ἀπαντώντων ἀποτρέπεσθαί τε καὶ προτρέπεσθαι· Σωκράτης δʼ ὥσπερ ἐγίγνωσκεν, οὕτως ἔλεγε· τὸ δαιμόνιον γὰρ ἔφη σημαίνειν. καὶ πολλοῖς τῶν συνόντων προηγόρευε τὰ μὲν ποιεῖν, τὰ δὲ μὴ ποιεῖν, ὡς τοῦ δαιμονίου προσημαίνοντος· καὶ τοῖς μὲν πειθομένοις αὐτῷ συνέφερε, τοῖς δὲ μὴ πειθομένοις μετέμελε.''. None
1.1.2. First then, that he rejected the gods acknowledged by the state — what evidence did they produce of that? He offered sacrifices constantly, and made no secret of it, now in his home, now at the altars of the state temples, and he made use of divination with as little secrecy. Indeed it had become notorious that Socrates claimed to be guided by the deity: That immanent divine something, as Cicero terms it, which Socrates claimed as his peculiar possession. it was out of this claim, I think, that the charge of bringing in strange deities arose. 1.1.3. He was no more bringing in anything strange than are other believers in divination, who rely on augury, oracles, coincidences and sacrifices. For these men’s belief is not that the birds or the folk met by accident know what profits the inquirer, but that they are the instruments by which the gods make this known; and that was Socrates ’ belief too. 1.1.4. Only, whereas most men say that the birds or the folk they meet dissuade or encourage them, Socrates said what he meant: for he said that the deity gave him a sign. Many of his companions were counselled by him to do this or not to do that in accordance with the warnings of the deity: and those who followed his advice prospered, and those who rejected it had cause for regret. ''. None
19. None, None, nan (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief • post-mortality belief, bliss • post-mortality belief, representation of, Greek context

 Found in books: Petrovic and Petrovic (2016) 17, 18, 24, 25; Waldner et al (2016) 58

20. None, None, nan (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • belief, involved in emotion

 Found in books: Fortenbaugh (2006) 22, 26, 27, 28, 138; Sorabji (2000) 22

21. Cicero, On The Ends of Good And Evil, 3.62, 3.70 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • agents, and belief • belief, and agents • belief, nonreflective • belief, reflective • beliefs,cognitions, accurate benefit • fresh beliefs

 Found in books: Graver (2007) 181, 228; Mackey (2022) 113

3.62. Pertinere autem ad rem arbitrantur intellegi natura fieri ut liberi a parentibus amentur. a quo initio profectam communem humani generis societatem persequimur. quod primum intellegi debet figura membrisque corporum, quae ipsa declarant procreandi a natura habitam esse rationem. neque vero haec inter se congruere possent, possent N 2 possint ut natura et procreari vellet et diligi procreatos non curaret. atque etiam in bestiis vis naturae perspici potest; quarum in fetu et in educatione laborem cum cernimus, naturae ipsius vocem videmur audire. quare ut perspicuum est natura nos a dolore add. P. Man. abhorrere, sic apparet a natura ipsa, ut eos, quos genuerimus, amemus, inpelli.
3.70. Amicitiam autem adhibendam esse censent, quia sit ex eo genere, quae prosunt. quamquam autem in amicitia alii dicant aeque caram esse sapienti rationem amici ac suam, alii autem sibi cuique cariorem suam, tamen hi quoque posteriores fatentur alienum esse a iustitia, ad quam nati esse videamur, detrahere quid de aliquo, quod sibi adsumat. minime vero probatur huic disciplinae, de qua loquor, aut iustitiam aut amicitiam propter utilitates adscisci aut probari. eaedem enim utilitates poterunt eas labefactare atque pervertere. etenim nec iustitia nec amicitia iustitia nec amicitia Mdv. iusticie nec amicicie esse omnino poterunt, poterunt esse omnino BE nisi ipsae per se expetuntur. expetantur V''. None
3.62. \xa0"Again, it is held by the Stoics to be important to understand that nature creates in parents an affection for their children; and parental affection is the source to which we trace the origin of the association of the human race in communities. This cannot but be clear in the first place from the conformation of the body and its members, which by themselves are enough to show that nature\'s scheme included the procreation of offspring. Yet it could not be consistent that nature should at once intend offspring to be born and make no provision for that offspring when born to be loved and cherished. Even in the lower animals nature\'s operation can be clearly discerned; when we observe the labour that they spend on bearing and rearing their young, we seem to be listening to the actual voice of nature. Hence as it is manifest that it is natural for us to shrink from pain, so it is clear that we derive from nature herself the impulse to love those to whom we have given birth. <
3.70. \xa0"They recommend the cultivation of friendship, classing it among \'things beneficial.\' In friendship some profess that the Wise Man will hold his friends\' interests as dear as his own, while others say that a man\'s own interests must necessarily be dearer to him; at the same time the latter admit that to enrich oneself by another\'s loss is an action repugt to that justice towards which we seem to possess a natural propensity. But the school I\xa0am discussing emphatically rejects the view that we adopt or approve either justice or friendship for the sake of their utility. For if it were so, the same claims of utility would be able to undermine and overthrow them. In fact the very existence of both justice and friendship will be impossible if they are not desired for their own sake. <''. None
22. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 1.3, 3.5-3.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Roman religion, and belief • belief (doxa) • belief, Roman • belief, deontic • belief, traditional • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 17; Long (2006) 116; Mackey (2022) 122, 128, 371

1.3. For there are and have been philosophers who hold that the gods exercise no control over human affairs whatever. But if their opinion is the true one, how can piety, reverence or religion exist? For all these are tributes which it is our duty to render in purity and holiness to the divine powers solely on the assumption that they take notice of them, and that some service has been rendered by the immortal gods to the race of men. But if on the contrary the gods have neither the power nor the will to aid us, if they pay no heed to us at all and take no notice of our actions, if they can exercise no possible influence upon the life of men, what ground have we for rendering any sort of worship, honour or prayer to the immortal gods? Piety however, like the rest of the virtues, cannot exist in mere outward show and pretence; and, with piety, reverence and religion must likewise disappear. And when these are gone, life soon becomes a welter of disorder and confusion;
3.5. "Very well," rejoined Cotta, "let us then proceed as the argument itself may lead us. But before we come to the subject, let me say a few words about myself. I am considerably influenced by your authority, Balbus, and by the plea that you put forward at the conclusion of your discourse, when you exhorted me to remember that I am both a Cotta and a pontife. This no doubt meant that I ought to uphold the beliefs about the immortal gods which have come down to us from our ancestors, and the rites and ceremonies and duties of religion. For my part I always shall uphold them and always have done so, and no eloquence of anybody, learned or unlearned, shall ever dislodge me from the belief as to the worship of the immortal gods which I have inherited from our forefathers. But on any question of el I am guided by the high pontifes, Titus Coruncanius, Publius Scipio and Publius Scaevola, not by Zeno or Cleanthes or Chrysippus; and I have Gaius Laelius, who was both an augur and a philosopher, to whose discourse upon religion, in his famous oration, I would rather listen than to any leader of the Stoics. The religion of the Roman people comprises ritual, auspices, and the third additional division consisting of all such prophetic warnings as the interpreters of the Sybil or the soothsayers have derived from portents and prodigies. While, I have always thought that none of these departments of religion was to be despised, and I have held the conviction that Romulus by his auspices and Numa by his establishment of our ritual laid the foundations of our state, which assuredly could never have been as great as it is had not the fullest measure of divine favour been obtained for it. 3.6. There, Balbus, is the opinion of a Cotta and a pontife; now oblige me by letting me know yours. You are a philosopher, and I ought to receive from you a proof of your religion, whereas I must believe the word of our ancestors even without proof." "What proof then do you require of me, Cotta?" replied Balbus. "You divided your discourse under four heads," said Cotta; "first you designed to prove the existence of the gods; secondly, to describe their nature; thirdly, to show that the world is governed by them; and lastly, that they care for the welfare of men. These, if I remember rightly, were the headings that you laid down." "You are quite right," said Balbus; "but now tell me what it is that you want to know." ''. None
23. Cicero, On Duties, 3.29 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belief/believers • agents, and belief • belief, and agents • belief, nonreflective • belief, reflective

 Found in books: Binder (2012) 148; Mackey (2022) 113

3.29. Forsitan quispiam dixerit: Nonne igitur sapiens, si fame ipse conficiatur, abstulerit cibum alteri homini ad nullam rem utili? Minime vero; non enim mihi est vita mea utilior quam animi talis affectio, neminem ut violem commodi mei gratia. Quid? si Phalarim, crudelem tyrannum et immanem, vir bonus, ne ipse frigore conficiatur, vestitu spoliare possit, nonne faciat?''. None
3.29. \xa0But, perhaps, someone may say: "Well, then, suppose a wise man were starving to death, might he not take the bread of some perfectly useless member of society?" Not at all; for my life is not more precious to me than that temper of soul which would keep me from doing wrong to anybody for my own advantage. "Or again; supposing a righteous man were in a position to rob the cruel and inhuman tyrant Phalaris of clothing, might he not do it to keep himself from freezing to death?" <''. None
24. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief • beliefs,

 Found in books: Atkins and Bénatouïl (2021) 112; Wynne (2019) 54

25. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Roman religion, and belief • belief • belief, Roman • belief, about representations • belief, and norms • belief, constitutive • belief, deontic • belief, doxastic • belief, nonconstitutive • belief, nonreflective • belief, practical states of • belief, shared • belief, traditional

 Found in books: Mackey (2022) 122, 129, 180, 201, 281, 354, 369, 371; Mowat (2021) 34; Wynne (2019) 52, 54

26. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent, Questioning of appearances • Cicero, Platonizing Roman statesman, orator, Aristotelian metriopatheia ridiculed as belief in moderate perturbation, vice or evil • Cicero, on beliefs in emotion • Seneca, the Younger, Stoic, Aristotelian metriopatheia ridiculed as belief in moderate disease • appropriateness, beliefs concerning • belief, nonreflective • belief/s, as misconceptions on Stoic lines of thought • belief/s, as traits of character • belief/s, in gender-based reasoning • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion • beliefs, • beliefs, concerning appropriateness • beliefs,as physical events • beliefs,dispositional and occurrent • beliefs,evaluative • beliefs,role in emotion • fear, as typology of beliefs • fresh beliefs

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 5, 15, 18, 20, 45, 51; Atkins and Bénatouïl (2021) 157, 159; Graver (2007) 36, 43, 79, 227, 228, 229, 231, 233; Mackey (2022) 103; Sorabji (2000) 67, 208, 332

27. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • God, belief in • Messianic beliefs, expectations, idea

 Found in books: Gera (2014) 419; Ruzer (2020) 35

28. Ovid, Fasti, 5.444 (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Roman religion, and belief • belief, Roman • belief, shared • ontology, concept—(also cognition-, belief-, mind-, and subject) dependent • post-mortality belief, fear • post-mortality belief, suffering

 Found in books: Mackey (2022) 363; Waldner et al (2016) 95

5.444. respicit et pure sacra peracta putat.''. None
5.444. And asks the spirit to leave his house.''. None
29. Philo of Alexandria, On The Virtues, 212-213 (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • Moses, Chaldean beliefs and

 Found in books: Birnbaum and Dillon (2020) 225; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 167

212. The most ancient person of the Jewish nation was a Chaldaean by birth, born of a father who was very skilful in astronomy, and famous among those men who pass their lives in the study of mathematics, who look upon the stars as gods, and worship the whole heaven and the whole world; thinking, that from them do all good and all evil proceed, to every individual among men; as they do not conceive that there is any cause whatever, except such as are included among the objects of the outward senses. '213. Now what can be more horrible than this? What can more clearly show the innate ignobleness of the soul, which, by consequence of its knowledge of the generality of things, of secondary causes, and of things created, proceeds onwards to ignorance of the one most ancient uncreated Being, the Creator of the universe, and who is most excellent on this account, and for many other reasons also, which the human reason is unable to comprehend by reason of their magnitude? '. None
30. None, None, nan (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cicero, on beliefs in emotion • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion • beliefs,dispositional and occurrent • beliefs,evaluative • fresh beliefs

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 18; Graver (2007) 229, 231

31. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 17.354 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Essenes, afterlife beliefs • Josephus Essenes, death and afterlife beliefs

 Found in books: Klawans (2019) 48; Taylor (2012) 83

17.354. ̓Εγὼ δὲ οὐκ ἀλλότρια νομίσας αὐτὰ τῷδε τῷ λόγῳ εἶναι διὰ τὸ περὶ τῶν βασιλέων αὐτὸν ἐνεστηκέναι καὶ ἄλλως ἐπὶ παραδείγματι φέρειν τοῦ τε ἀμφὶ τὰς ψυχὰς ἀθανασίας ἐμφεροῦς καὶ τοῦ θείου προμηθείᾳ τὰ ἀνθρώπεια περιειληφότος τῇ αὐτοῦ, καλῶς ἔχειν ἐνόμισα εἰπεῖν. ὅτῳ δὲ ἀπιστεῖται τὰ τοιάδε γνώμης ὀνινάμενος τῆς ἑαυτοῦ κώλυμα οὐκ ἂν γένοιτο τῷ ἐπ' ἀρετὴν αὐτῷ προστιθεμένῳ."". None
17.354. So Archelaus’s country was laid to the province of Syria; and Cyrenius, one that had been consul, was sent by Caesar to take account of people’s effects in Syria, and to sell the house of Archelaus.''. None
32. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 2.154-2.158, 2.163, 3.374 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Essenes, afterlife beliefs • Josephus Essenes, death and afterlife beliefs

 Found in books: Klawans (2019) 44, 45; Taylor (2012) 82, 83

2.154. Καὶ γὰρ ἔρρωται παρ' αὐτοῖς ἥδε ἡ δόξα, φθαρτὰ μὲν εἶναι τὰ σώματα καὶ τὴν ὕλην οὐ μόνιμον αὐτῶν, τὰς δὲ ψυχὰς ἀθανάτους ἀεὶ διαμένειν, καὶ συμπλέκεσθαι μὲν ἐκ τοῦ λεπτοτάτου φοιτώσας αἰθέρος ὥσπερ εἱρκταῖς τοῖς σώμασιν ἴυγγί τινι φυσικῇ κατασπωμένας," "2.155. ἐπειδὰν δὲ ἀνεθῶσι τῶν κατὰ σάρκα δεσμῶν, οἷα δὴ μακρᾶς δουλείας ἀπηλλαγμένας τότε χαίρειν καὶ μετεώρους φέρεσθαι. καὶ ταῖς μὲν ἀγαθαῖς ὁμοδοξοῦντες παισὶν ̔Ελλήνων ἀποφαίνονται τὴν ὑπὲρ ὠκεανὸν δίαιταν ἀποκεῖσθαι καὶ χῶρον οὔτε ὄμβροις οὔτε νιφετοῖς οὔτε καύμασι βαρυνόμενον, ἀλλ' ὃν ἐξ ὠκεανοῦ πραὺ̈ς ἀεὶ ζέφυρος ἐπιπνέων ἀναψύχει: ταῖς δὲ φαύλαις ζοφώδη καὶ χειμέριον ἀφορίζονται μυχὸν γέμοντα τιμωριῶν ἀδιαλείπτων." "2.156. δοκοῦσι δέ μοι κατὰ τὴν αὐτὴν ἔννοιαν ̔́Ελληνες τοῖς τε ἀνδρείοις αὐτῶν, οὓς ἥρωας καὶ ἡμιθέους καλοῦσιν, τὰς μακάρων νήσους ἀνατεθεικέναι, ταῖς δὲ τῶν πονηρῶν ψυχαῖς καθ' ᾅδου τὸν ἀσεβῶν χῶρον, ἔνθα καὶ κολαζομένους τινὰς μυθολογοῦσιν, Σισύφους καὶ Ταντάλους ̓Ιξίονάς τε καὶ Τιτυούς, πρῶτον μὲν ἀιδίους ὑφιστάμενοι τὰς ψυχάς, ἔπειτα εἰς προτροπὴν ἀρετῆς καὶ κακίας ἀποτροπήν." '2.157. τούς τε γὰρ ἀγαθοὺς γίνεσθαι κατὰ τὸν βίον ἀμείνους ἐλπίδι τιμῆς καὶ μετὰ τὴν τελευτήν, τῶν τε κακῶν ἐμποδίζεσθαι τὰς ὁρμὰς δέει προσδοκώντων, εἰ καὶ λάθοιεν ἐν τῷ ζῆν, μετὰ τὴν διάλυσιν ἀθάνατον τιμωρίαν ὑφέξειν. 2.158. ταῦτα μὲν οὖν ̓Εσσηνοὶ περὶ ψυχῆς θεολογοῦσιν ἄφυκτον δέλεαρ τοῖς ἅπαξ γευσαμένοις τῆς σοφίας αὐτῶν καθιέντες.
2.163. καὶ τὸ μὲν πράττειν τὰ δίκαια καὶ μὴ κατὰ τὸ πλεῖστον ἐπὶ τοῖς ἀνθρώποις κεῖσθαι, βοηθεῖν δὲ εἰς ἕκαστον καὶ τὴν εἱμαρμένην: ψυχήν τε πᾶσαν μὲν ἄφθαρτον, μεταβαίνειν δὲ εἰς ἕτερον σῶμα τὴν τῶν ἀγαθῶν μόνην, τὰς δὲ τῶν φαύλων ἀιδίῳ τιμωρίᾳ κολάζεσθαι.' "
3.374. ἆρ' οὐκ ἴστε ὅτι τῶν μὲν ἐξιόντων τοῦ βίου κατὰ τὸν τῆς φύσεως νόμον καὶ τὸ ληφθὲν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ χρέος ἐκτινύντων, ὅταν ὁ δοὺς κομίσασθαι θέλῃ, κλέος μὲν αἰώνιον, οἶκοι δὲ καὶ γενεαὶ βέβαιοι, καθαραὶ δὲ καὶ ἐπήκοοι μένουσιν αἱ ψυχαί, χῶρον οὐράνιον λαχοῦσαι τὸν ἁγιώτατον, ἔνθεν ἐκ περιτροπῆς αἰώνων ἁγνοῖς πάλιν ἀντενοικίζονται σώμασιν:"". None
2.154. 11. For their doctrine is this: That bodies are corruptible, and that the matter they are made of is not permanent; but that the souls are immortal, and continue forever; and that they come out of the most subtile air, and are united to their bodies as to prisons, into which they are drawn by a certain natural enticement; 2.155. but that when they are set free from the bonds of the flesh, they then, as released from a long bondage, rejoice and mount upward. And this is like the opinions of the Greeks, that good souls have their habitations beyond the ocean, in a region that is neither oppressed with storms of rain or snow, or with intense heat, but that this place is such as is refreshed by the gentle breathing of a west wind, that is perpetually blowing from the ocean; while they allot to bad souls a dark and tempestuous den, full of never-ceasing punishments. 2.156. And indeed the Greeks seem to me to have followed the same notion, when they allot the islands of the blessed to their brave men, whom they call heroes and demigods; and to the souls of the wicked, the region of the ungodly, in Hades, where their fables relate that certain persons, such as Sisyphus, and Tantalus, and Ixion, and Tityus, are punished; which is built on this first supposition, that souls are immortal; and thence are those exhortations to virtue, and dehortations from wickedness collected; 2.157. whereby good men are bettered in the conduct of their life by the hope they have of reward after their death; and whereby the vehement inclinations of bad men to vice are restrained, by the fear and expectation they are in, that although they should lie concealed in this life, they should suffer immortal punishment after their death. 2.158. These are the Divine doctrines of the Essenes about the soul, which lay an unavoidable bait for such as have once had a taste of their philosophy.
2.163. and yet allow, that to act what is right, or the contrary, is principally in the power of men, although fate does cooperate in every action. They say that all souls are incorruptible, but that the souls of good men only are removed into other bodies,—but that the souls of bad men are subject to eternal punishment.
3.374. Do not you know that those who depart out of this life, according to the law of nature, and pay that debt which was received from God, when he that lent it us is pleased to require it back again, enjoy eternal fame? that their houses and their posterity are sure, that their souls are pure and obedient, and obtain a most holy place in heaven, from whence, in the revolution of ages, they are again sent into pure bodies;''. None
33. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.161-2.162, 2.167, 2.218-2.219 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Essenes, afterlife beliefs • Jewish belief, pagan views • Josephus Essenes, death and afterlife beliefs

 Found in books: Klawans (2019) 44, 48; Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 630; Taylor (2012) 83

2.161. οὐθὲν ἀνέχονται ἐξαμαρτεῖν. τοιοῦτος μὲν δή τις αὐτὸς ἡμῶν ὁ νομοθέτης, οὐ γόης οὐδ' ἀπατεών, ἅπερ λοιδοροῦντες λέγουσιν ἀδίκως, ἀλλ' οἵους παρὰ τοῖς ̔́Ελλησιν αὐχοῦσιν τὸν Μίνω γεγονέναι" '2.162. καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα τοὺς ἄλλους νομοθέτας: οἱ μὲν γὰρ αὐτῶν τοὺς νόμους ὑποτίθενται, ὁ δέ γε Μίνως ἔλεγεν ὅτι εἰς τὸν ̓Απόλλω καὶ τὸ Δελφικὸν αὐτοῦ μαντεῖον τὰς τῶν νόμων μαντείας ἀνέφερεν, ἤτοι τἀληθὲς οὕτως ἔχειν νομίζοντες ἢ πείσειν ῥᾷον ὑπολαμβάνοντες.' "
2.167. πραττομένων οὐδὲν οὔθ' ὧν ἄν τις παρ' αὐτῷ διανοηθῇ, ἕνα αὐτὸν ἀπέφηνε καὶ ἀγένητον καὶ πρὸς τὸν ἀίδιον χρόνον ἀναλλοίωτον πάσης ἰδέας θνητῆς κάλλει διαφέροντα καὶ δυνάμει μὲν ἡμῖν γνώριμον," "
2.218. καὶ τοιαύτη τις ἀνακήρυξις, ἀλλ' αὐτὸς ἕκαστος αὑτῷ τὸ συνειδὸς ἔχων μαρτυροῦν πεπίστευκεν, τοῦ μὲν νομοθέτου προφητεύσαντος, τοῦ δὲ θεοῦ τὴν πίστιν ἰσχυρὰν παρεσχηκότος, ὅτι τοῖς τοὺς νόμους διαφυλάξασι κἂν εἰ δέοι θνήσκειν ὑπὲρ αὐτῶν προθύμως ἀποθανεῖν ἔδωκεν ὁ θεὸς γενέσθαι τε πάλιν καὶ βίον ἀμείνω λαβεῖν ἐκ περιτροπῆς." "2.219. ὤκνουν δ' ἂν ἐγὼ ταῦτα γράφειν, εἰ μὴ διὰ τῶν ἔργων ἅπασιν ἦν φανερόν, ὅτι πολλοὶ καὶ πολλάκις ἤδη τῶν ἡμετέρων περὶ τοῦ μηδὲ ῥῆμα φθέγξασθαι παρὰ τὸν νόμον πάντα παθεῖν γενναίως προείλοντο."". None
2.161. and this is the character of our legislator; he was no impostor, no deceiver, as his revilers say, though unjustly, but such a one as they brag Minos to have been among the Greeks, and other legislators after him; 2.162. for some of them suppose that they had their laws from Jupiter, while Minos said that the revelation of his laws was to be referred to Apollo, and his oracle at Delphi, whether they really thought they were so derived, or supposed, however, that they could persuade the people easily that so it was;
2.167. Moreover, he represented God as unbegotten, and immutable, through all eternity, superior to all mortal conceptions in pulchritude; and, though known to us by his power, yet unknown to us as to his essence.
2.218. but every good man hath his own conscience bearing witness to himself, and by virtue of our legislator’s prophetic spirit, and of the firm security God himself affords such a one, he believes that God hath made this grant to those that observe these laws, even though they be obliged readily to die for them, that they shall come into being again, and at a certain revolution of things shall receive a better life than they had enjoyed before. 2.219. Nor would I venture to write thus at this time, were it not well known to all by our actions that many of our people have many a time bravely resolved to endure any sufferings, rather than speak one word against our law.
34. New Testament, 1 John, 4.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • tradition/ religion/beliefs

 Found in books: Levison (2009) 415; Wilson (2018) 242

4.2. Ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκετε τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ θεοῦ· πᾶν πνεῦμα ὃ ὁμολογεῖ Ἰησοῦν Χριστὸν ἐν σαρκὶ ἐληλυθότα ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐστίν,''. None
4.2. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit who confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, ''. None
35. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 2.11, 4.6-4.7, 10.20, 12.11, 15.20, 15.26, 15.44, 15.54-15.57 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • Josephus Essenes, death and afterlife beliefs • belief • belief and faith • belief, deontic • belief, shared • beliefs, basic and non-basic • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei • tradition/ religion/beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 330, 331; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 441; Levison (2009) 238; Lynskey (2021) 184; Mackey (2022) 158; Morgan (2022) 64, 66, 115, 120; Taylor (2012) 83; Wilson (2018) 106, 122, 124, 145, 153, 172, 200, 201, 208, 216, 221, 237, 244, 248, 252, 253, 260, 270, 274, 279

2.11. τίς γὰρ οἶδεν ἀνθρώπων τὰ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου εἰ μὴ τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου τὸ ἐν αὐτῷ; οὕτως καὶ τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ οὐδεὶς ἔγνωκεν εἰ μὴ τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ θεοῦ.
4.6. Ταῦτα δέ, ἀδελφοί, μετεσχημάτισα εἰς ἐμαυτὸν καὶ Ἀπολλὼν διʼ ὑμᾶς, ἵνα ἐν ἡμῖν μάθητε τό Μὴ ὑπὲρ ἃ γέγραπται, ἵνα μὴ εἷς ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἑνὸς φυσιοῦσθε κατὰ τοῦ ἑτέρου. 4.7. τίς γάρ σε διακρίνει; τί δὲ ἔχεις ὃ οὐκ ἔλαβες; εἰ δὲ καὶ ἔλαβες, τί καυχᾶσαι ὡς μὴ λαβών;
10.20. ἀλλʼ ὅτι ἃ θύουσιν τὰ ἔθνη,δαιμονίοις καὶ οὐ θεῷ θύουσιν,οὐ θέλω δὲ ὑμᾶς κοινωνοὺς τῶν δαιμονίων γίνεσθαι.
2.11. πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα, διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ καθὼς βούλεται.
15.20. Νυνὶ δὲ Χριστὸς ἐγήγερται ἐκ νεκρῶν, ἀπαρχὴ τῶν κεκοιμημένων.
15.26. ἔσχατος ἐχθρὸς καταργεῖται ὁ θάνατος,
15.44. σπείρεται σῶμα ψυχικόν, ἐγείρεται σῶμα πνευματικόν. Εἰ ἔστιν σῶμα ψυχικόν, ἔστιν καὶ πνευματικόν.
15.54. ὅταν δὲ τὸ θνητὸν τοῦτο ἐνδύσηται τὴν ἀθανασίαν, τότε γενήσεται ὁ λόγος ὁ γεγραμμένος Κατεπόθη ὁ θάνατος εἰς νῖκος. 15.55. ποῦ σου, θάνατε, τὸ νῖκος; ποῦ σου, θάνατε, τὸ κέντρον; 15.56. τὸ δὲ κέντρον τοῦ θανάτου ἡ ἁμαρτία, ἡ δὲ δύναμις τῆς ἁμαρτίας ὁ νόμος· 15.57. τῷ δὲ θεῷ χάρις τῷ διδόντι ἡμῖντὸ νῖκοςδιὰ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.''. None
2.11. For whoamong men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man,which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God, except God'sSpirit." '
4.6. Now these things, brothers, I have in a figure transferred tomyself and Apollos for your sakes, that in us you might learn not tothink beyond the things which are written, that none of you be puffedup against one another.' "4.7. For who makes you different? And what doyou have that you didn't receive? But if you did receive it, why do youboast as if you had not received it?" "
10.20. But I say that thethings which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and notto God, and I don't desire that you would have communion with demons." '
2.11. But the one andthe same Spirit works all of these, distributing to each one separatelyas he desires.
15.20. But now Christ has been raised from the dead. He became thefirst fruits of those who are asleep.
15.26. The lastenemy that will be abolished is death.
15.44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised aspiritual body. There is a natural body and there is also a spiritualbody.
15.54. But when this corruptible will have put onincorruption, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then whatis written will happen: "Death is swallowed up in victory." 15.55. "Death, where is your sting?Hades, where is your victory?" 15.56. The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 15.57. But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our LordJesus Christ.'". None
36. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 1.9, 4.16-4.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Messianic beliefs, expectations, idea • belief and faith • belief, relation to Christian commitment • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 321, 322; Morgan (2022) 5, 112, 115; Ruzer (2020) 64

1.9. αὐτοὶ γὰρ περὶ ἡμῶν ἀπαγγέλλουσιν ὁποίαν εἴσοδον ἔσχομεν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, καὶ πῶς ἐπεστρέψατε πρὸς τὸν θεὸν ἀπὸ τῶν εἰδώλων δουλεύειν θεῷ ζῶντι καὶ ἀληθινῷ,
4.16. ὅτι αὐτὸς ὁ κύριος ἐν κελεύσματι, ἐν φωνῇ ἀρχαγγέλου καὶ ἐν σάλπιγγι θεοῦ, καταβήσεται ἀπʼ οὐρανοῦ, καὶ οἱ νεκροὶ ἐν Χριστῷ ἀναστήσονται πρῶτον, 4.17. ἔπειτα ἡμεῖς οἱ ζῶντες οἱ περιλειπόμενοι ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς ἁρπαγησόμεθα ἐν νεφέλαις εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ κυρίου εἰς ἀέρα· καὶ οὕτως πάντοτε σὺν κυρίῳ ἐσόμεθα.''. None
1.9. For they themselves report concerning us what kind of a reception we had from you; and how you turned to God from idols, to serve a living and true God, ' "
4.16. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with God's trumpet. The dead in Christ will rise first, " '4.17. then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. So we will be with the Lord forever. ''. None
37. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 2.25 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief and faith • faith/belief

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 321; Wilson (2018) 177

2.25. ἐν πραΰτητι παιδεύοντα τοὺς ἀντιδιατιθεμένους, μή ποτε δῴη αὐτοῖς ὁ θεὸς μετάνοιαν εἰς ἐπίγνωσιν ἀληθείας,''. None
2.25. in gentleness correcting those who oppose him: perhaps God may give them repentance leading to a full knowledge of the truth, ''. None
38. New Testament, Acts, 2.38, 7.11-7.15, 8.12, 8.16-8.17, 9.3-9.6, 13.48, 17.20, 17.30, 17.34, 26.20 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • Jewish belief, pagan views • Messiah, God’s anointed, Second Temple messianic beliefs • Messianic beliefs, expectations, idea • belief and faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • messiah, Jewish belief • resurrection belief, complex basis of • tradition/ religion/beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 2, 20; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 51, 256, 278, 321; Esler (2000) 136; Levison (2009) 238; Morgan (2022) 101, 104, 129, 130, 232, 299, 300; Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 630; Ruzer (2020) 64, 67; Wilson (2018) 191, 225, 235

2.38. ἄνδρες ἀδελφοί; Πέτρος δὲ πρὸς αὐτούς Μετανοήσατε, καὶ βαπτισθήτω ἕκαστος ὑμῶν ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ εἰς ἄφεσιν τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ὑμῶν, καὶ λήμψεσθε τὴν δωρεὰν τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος·
7.11. ἦλθεν δὲ λιμὸς ἐφʼ ὅλην τὴν Αἴγυπτον καὶΧαναὰν καὶ θλίψις μεγάλη, καὶ οὐχ ηὕρισκον χορτάσματα οἱ πατέρες ἡμῶν· 7.12. ἀκούσας δὲ Ἰακὼβ ὄντα σιτία εἰς Αἴγυπτον ἐξαπέστειλεν τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν πρῶτον· 7.13. καὶ ἐν τῷ δευτέρῳ ἐγνωρίσθη Ἰωσὴφ τοῖς ἀδελφοῖς αὐτοῦ, καὶ φανερὸν ἐγένετο τῷ Φαραὼ τὸ γένος Ἰωσήφ. 7.14. ἀποστείλας δὲ Ἰωσὴφ μετεκαλέσατο Ἰακὼβ τὸν πατέρα αὐτοῦ καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν συγγένειαν ἐν ψυχαῖς ἑβδομήκοντα πέντε, 7.15. κατέβη δὲ Ἰακὼβ εἰς Αἴγυπτον. καὶ ἐτελεύτησεν αὐτὸς καὶ οἱ πατέρες ἡμῶν,
8.12. ὅτε δὲ ἐπίστευσαν τῷ Φιλίππῳ εὐαγγελιζομένῳ περὶ τῆς βασιλείας τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ τοῦ ὀνόματος Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, ἐβαπτίζοντο ἄνδρες τε καὶ γυναῖκες.
8.16. γὰρ ἦν ἐπʼ οὐδενὶ αὐτῶν ἐπιπεπτωκός, μόνον δὲ βεβαπτισμένοι ὑπῆρχον εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ. 8.17. τότε ἐπετίθεσαν τὰς χεῖρας ἐπʼ αὐτούς, καὶ ἐλάμβανον πνεῦμα ἅγιον.
9.3. Ἐν δὲ τῷ πορεύεσθαι ἐγένετο αὐτὸν ἐγγίζειν τῇ Δαμασκῷ, ἐξέφνης τε αὐτὸν περιήστραψεν φῶς ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, 9.4. καὶ πεσὼν ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν ἤκουσεν φωνὴν λέγουσαν αὐτῷ Σαούλ Σαούλ, τί με διώκεις; 9.5. εἶπεν δέ Τίς εἶ, κύριε; ὁ δέ Ἐγώ εἰμι Ἰησοῦς ὃν σὺ διώκεις· 9.6. ἀλλὰ ἀνάστηθι καὶ εἴσελθε εἰς τὴν πόλιν, καὶ λαληθήσεταί σοι ὅτι σε δεῖ ποιεῖν.
13.48. ἀκούοντα δὲ τὰ ἔθνη ἔχαιρον καὶ ἐδόξαζον τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἐπίστευσαν ὅσοι ἦσαν τεταγμένοι εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον·
17.20. ξενίζοντα γάρ τινα εἰσφέρεις εἰς τὰς ἀκοὰς ἡμῶν·βουλόμεθα οὖν γνῶναι τίνα θέλει ταῦτα εἶναι.
17.30. τοὺς μὲν οὖν χρόνους τῆς ἀγνοίας ὑπεριδὼν ὁ θεὸς τὰ νῦν ἀπαγγέλλει τοῖς ἀνθρώποις πάντας πανταχοῦ μετανοεῖν,
17.34. τινὲς δὲ ἄνδρες κολληθέντες αὐτῷ ἐπίστευσαν, ἐν οἷς καὶ Διονύσιος ὁ Ἀρεοπαγίτης καὶ γυνὴ ὀνόματι Δάμαρις καὶ ἕτεροι σὺν αὐτοῖς. 26.20. ἀλλὰ τοῖς ἐν Δαμασκῷ πρῶτόν τε καὶ Ἰεροσολύμοις, πᾶσάν τε τὴν χώραν τῆς Ἰουδαίας, καὶ τοῖς ἔθνεσιν ἀπήγγελλον μετανοεῖν καὶ ἐπιστρέφειν ἐπὶ τὸν θεόν, ἄξια τῆς μετανοίας ἔργα πράσσοντας.' '. None
2.38. Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
7.11. Now a famine came over all the land of Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction. Our fathers found no food. 7.12. But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers the first time. ' "7.13. On the second time Joseph was made known to his brothers, and Joseph's race was revealed to Pharaoh. " '7.14. Joseph sent, and summoned Jacob, his father, and all his relatives, seventy-five souls. 7.15. Jacob went down into Egypt, and he died, himself and our fathers,
8.12. But when they believed Philip preaching good news concerning the Kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.
8.16. for as yet he had fallen on none of them. They had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 8.17. Then they laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.
9.3. As he traveled, it happened that he got close to Damascus, and suddenly a light from the sky shone around him. 9.4. He fell on the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" 9.5. He said, "Who are you, Lord?"The Lord said, "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. 9.6. But rise up, and enter into the city, and you will be told what you must do."
13.48. As the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of God. As many as were appointed to eternal life believed.
17.20. For you bring certain strange things to our ears. We want to know therefore what these things mean."
17.30. The times of ignorance therefore God overlooked. But now he commands that all men everywhere should repent,
17.34. But certain men joined with him, and believed, among whom also was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and others with them.
26.20. but declared first to them of Damascus, at Jerusalem, and throughout all the country of Judea, and also to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, doing works worthy of repentance. ' '. None
39. New Testament, Apocalypse, 20.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief and faith • millennialist beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 53; Morgan (2022) 120, 222; O, Daly (2020) 242, 243, 244

20.4. Καὶεἶδον θρόνους,καὶἐκάθισανἐπʼ αὐτούς,καὶ κρίμͅα ἐδόθηαὐτοῖς, καὶ τὰς ψυχὰς τῶν πεπελεκισμένων διὰ τὴν μαρτυρίαν Ἰησοῦ καὶ διὰ τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἵτινες οὐ προσεκύνησαν τὸ θηρίον οὐδὲ τὴν εἰκόνα αὐτοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἔλαβον τὸ χάραγμα ἐπὶ τὸ μέτωπον καὶ ἐπὶ τὴν χεῖρα αὐτῶν· καὶ ἔζησαν καὶ ἐβασίλευσαν μετὰ τοῦ χριστοῦ χίλια ἔτη.' '. None
20.4. I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years." ". None
40. New Testament, James, 2.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust

 Found in books: Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 150; Morgan (2022) 112

2.23. Ἐπίστευσεν δὲ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ θεῷ καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην, καὶ φίλος θεοῦ ἐκλήθη.''. None
2.23. and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness;" and he was called the friend of God. ''. None
41. New Testament, Colossians, 3.1-3.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • millennialist beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 78; Morgan (2022) 66; O, Daly (2020) 244

3.1. Εἰ οὖν συνηγέρθητε τῷ χριστῷ, τὰ ἄνω ζητεῖτε, οὗ ὁ χριστός ἐστινἐν δεξιᾷ τοῦ θεοῦ καθήμενος· 3.2. τὰ ἄνω φρονεῖτε, μὴ τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ἀπεθάνετε γάρ,''. None
3.1. If then you were raised together with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated on the right hand of God. 3.2. Set your mind on the things that are above, not on the things that are on the earth. ''. None
42. New Testament, Ephesians, 1.3, 1.13, 2.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • belief and faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 313; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 321; Morgan (2022) 120, 299, 300; Wilson (2018) 55, 100, 178, 202, 217, 270, 273

1.3. Εὐλογητὸς ὁ θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, ὁ εὐλογήσας ἡμᾶς ἐν πάσῃ εὐλογίᾳ πνευματικῇ ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ,
1.13. ἐν ᾧ καὶ ὑμεῖς ἀκούσαντες τὸν λόγον τῆς ἀληθείας, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τῆς σωτηρίας ὑμῶν, ἐν ᾧ καὶ πιστεύσαντες, ἐσφραγίσθητε τῷ πνεύματι τῆς ἐπαγγελίας τῷ ἁγίῳ,
2.2. ἐν αἷς ποτὲ περιεπατήσατε κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος, τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθίας·''. None
1.3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ;
1.13. in whom you also, having heard the word of the truth, the gospel of your salvation, -- in whom, having also believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise,
2.2. in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the powers of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience; ''. None
43. New Testament, Galatians, 2.11-2.21, 5.6, 6.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • beliefs, basic and non-basic • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei • messiah, Jewish belief • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Esler (2000) 136; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 171; Morgan (2022) 64, 65, 115, 153, 154; Wilson (2018) 103, 202, 224, 248

2.11. Ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν Κηφᾶς εἰς Ἀντιόχειαν, κατὰ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ ἀντέστην, ὅτι κατεγνωσμένος ἦν· 2.12. πρὸ τοῦ γὰρ ἐλθεῖν τινὰς ἀπὸ Ἰακώβου μετὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν συνήσθιεν· ὅτε δὲ ἦλθον, ὑπέστελλεν καὶ ἀφώριζεν ἑαυτόν, φοβούμενος τοὺς ἐκ περιτομῆς. 2.13. καὶ συνυπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ καὶ οἱ λοιποὶ Ἰουδαῖοι, ὥστε καὶ Βαρνάβας συναπήχθη αὐτῶν τῇ ὑποκρίσει. 2.14. ἀλλʼ ὅτε εἶδον ὅτι οὐκ ὀρθοποδοῦσιν πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, εἶπον τῷ Κηφᾷ ἔμπροσθεν πάντων Εἰ σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὑπάρχων ἐθνικῶς καὶ οὐκ Ἰουδαϊκῶς ζῇς, πῶς τὰ ἔθνη ἀναγκάζεις Ἰουδαΐζειν; 2.15. Ἡμεῖς φύσει Ἰουδαῖοι καὶ οὐκ ἐξ ἐθνῶν ἁμαρτωλοί, 2.16. εἰδότες δὲ ὅτι οὐ δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ἐὰν μὴ διὰ πίστεως Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ, καὶ ἡμεῖς εἰς Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐπιστεύσαμεν, ἵνα δικαιωθῶμεν ἐκ πίστεως Χριστοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων νόμουοὐ δικαιωθήσεται πᾶσα σάρξ. 2.17. εἰ δὲ ζητοῦντες δικαιωθῆναι ἐν Χριστῷ εὑρέθημεν καὶ αὐτοὶ ἁμαρτωλοί, ἆρα Χριστὸς ἁμαρτίας διάκονος; μὴ γένοιτο· 2.18. εἰ γὰρ ἃ κατέλυσα ταῦτα πάλιν οἰκοδομῶ, παραβάτην ἐμαυτὸν συνιστάνω. 2.19. ἐγὼ γὰρ διὰ νόμου νόμῳ ἀπέθανον ἵνα θεῷ ζήσω· Χριστῷ συνεσταύρωμαι· 2.20. ζῶ δὲ οὐκέτι ἐγώ, ζῇ δὲ ἐν ἐμοὶ Χριστός· ὃ δὲ νῦν ζῶ ἐν σαρκί, ἐν πίστει ζῶ τῇ τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἀγαπήσαντός με καὶ παραδόντος ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ. 2.21. Οὐκ ἀθετῶ τὴν χάριν τοῦ θεοῦ· εἰ γὰρ διὰ νόμου δικαιοσύνη, ἄρα Χριστὸς δωρεὰν ἀπέθανεν.
5.6. ἐν γὰρ Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ οὔτε περιτομή τι ἰσχύει οὔτε ἀκροβυστία, ἀλλὰ πίστις διʼ ἀγάπης ἐνεργουμένη.
6.8. ὅτι ὁ σπείρων εἰς τὴν σάρκα ἑαυτοῦ ἐκ τῆς σαρκὸς θερίσει φθοράν, ὁ δὲ σπείρων εἰς τὸ πνεῦμα ἐκ τοῦ πνεύματος θερίσει ζωὴν αἰώνιον.''. None
2.11. But when Peter came to Antioch, I resisted him to the face,because he stood condemned. 2.12. For before some people came fromJames, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back andseparated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision. 2.13. And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that evenBarnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. 2.14. But when I sawthat they didn\'t walk uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, Isaid to Peter before them all, "If you, being a Jew, live as theGentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles tolive as the Jews do? 2.15. "We, being Jews by nature, and not Gentile sinners, 2.16. yet knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law butthrough the faith of Jesus Christ, even we believed in Christ Jesus,that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works ofthe law, because no flesh will be justified by the works of the law. 2.17. But if, while we sought to be justified in Christ, we ourselvesalso were found sinners, is Christ a servant of sin? Certainly not! 2.18. For if I build up again those things which I destroyed, I provemyself a law-breaker. 2.19. For I, through the law, died to the law,that I might live to God. 2.20. I have been crucified with Christ, andit is no longer I that live, but Christ living in me. That life which Inow live in the flesh, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me,and gave himself up for me. ' "2.21. I don't make void the grace of God.For if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nothing!" '
5.6. For in Christ Jesusneither circumcision amounts to anything, nor uncircumcision, but faithworking through love.
6.8. For hewho sows to his own flesh will from the flesh reap corruption. But hewho sows to the Spirit will from the Spirit reap eternal life. ''. None
44. New Testament, Philippians, 3.3, 3.7, 3.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Faith/belief • belief and faith • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 52, 325; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 171; Morgan (2022) 66, 115, 153

3.3. ἡμεῖς γάρ ἐσμεν ἡ περιτομή, οἱ πνεύματι θεοῦ λατρεύοντες καὶ καυχώμενοι ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐν σαρκὶ πεποιθότες,
3.7. Ἀλλὰ ἅτινα ἦν μοι κέρδη, ταῦτα ἥγημαι διὰ τὸν χριστὸν ζημίαν.
3.21. ὃς μετασχηματίσει τὸ σῶμα τῆς ταπεινώσεως ἡμῶν σύμμορφον τῷ σώματι τῆς δόξης αὐτοῦ κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ δύνασθαι αὐτὸν καὶ ὑποτάξαι αὑτῷ τὰ πάντα.''. None
3.3. For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh;
3.7. However, what things were gain to me, these have I counted loss for Christ.
3.21. who will change the body of our humiliation to be conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working by which he is able even to subject all things to himself. ''. None
45. New Testament, Romans, 1.18, 1.25, 2.5, 3.21-3.23, 4.3, 4.24, 5.5, 5.21, 8.29, 11.1, 11.29, 11.36 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Christian, belief/faith • Faith/belief • Faith/belief, and lack of • belief and faith • beliefs, basic and non-basic • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • millennialist beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 313; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 321, 325, 358, 363; Grypeou and Spurling (2009) 150, 165; Morgan (2022) 45, 64, 65, 90, 112, 115, 153, 154, 299; O, Daly (2020) 242, 243, 244; Wilson (2018) 38, 70, 100, 107, 121, 130, 163, 164, 188, 210, 220, 224, 226, 228

1.18. Ἀποκαλύπτεται γὰρ ὀργὴ θεοῦ ἀπʼ οὐρανοῦ ἐπὶ πᾶσαν ἀσέβειαν καὶ ἀδικίαν ἀνθρώπων τῶν τὴν ἀλήθειαν ἐν ἀδικίᾳ κατεχόντων,
1.25. οἵτινες μετήλλαξαν τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ θεοῦ ἐν τῷ ψεύδει, καὶ ἐσεβάσθησαν καὶ ἐλάτρευσαν τῇ κτίσει παρὰ τὸν κτίσαντα, ὅς ἐστιν εὐλογητὸς εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας· ἀμήν.
2.5. κατὰ δὲ τὴν σκληρότητά σου καὶ ἀμετανόητον καρδίαν θησαυρίζεις σεαυτῷ ὀργὴν ἐν ἡμέρᾳ ὀργῆς καὶ ἀποκαλύψεως δικαιοκρισίας τοῦ θεοῦ,
3.21. νυνὶ δὲ χωρὶς νόμου δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ πεφανέρωται, μαρτυρουμένη ὑπὸ τοῦ νόμου καὶ τῶν προφητῶν, 3.22. δικαιοσύνη δὲ θεοῦ διὰ πίστεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, εἰς πάντας τοὺς πιστεύοντας, οὐ γάρ ἐστιν διαστολή. 3.23. πάντες γὰρ ἥμαρτον καὶ ὑστεροῦνται τῆς δόξης τοῦ θεοῦ,
4.3. Ἐπίστευσεν δὲ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ θεῷ, καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην.
4.24. ἀλλὰ καὶ διʼ ἡμᾶς οἷς μέλλει λογίζεσθαι, τοῖς πιστεύουσιν ἐπὶ τὸν ἐγείραντα Ἰησοῦν τὸν κύριον ἡμῶν ἐκ νεκρῶν,
5.5. ἡ δὲἐλπὶς οὐ καταισχύνει.ὅτι ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ ἐκκέχυται ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις ἡμῶν διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου τοῦ δοθέντος ἡμῖν·
5.21. ἵνα ὥσπερ ἐβασίλευσεν ἡ ἁμαρτία ἐν τῷ θανάτῳ, οὕτως καὶ ἡ χάρις βασιλεύσῃ διὰ δικαιοσύνης εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν.
8.29. ὅτι οὓς προέγνω, καὶ προώρισεν συμμόρφους τῆς εἰκόνος τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, εἰς τὸ εἶναι αὐτὸν πρωτότοκον ἐν πολλοῖς ἀδελφοῖς·
11.1. Λέγω οὖν, μὴἀπώσατο ὁ θεὸς τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ;μὴ γένοιτο· καὶ γὰρ ἐγὼ Ἰσραηλείτης εἰμί, ἐκ σπέρματος Ἀβραάμ, φυλῆς Βενιαμείν.
11.29. ἀμεταμέλητα γὰρ τὰ χαρίσματα καὶ ἡ κλῆσις τοῦ θεοῦ.
11.36. ὅτι ἐξ αὐτοῦ καὶ διʼ αὐτοῦ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα· αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας· ἀμήν.' '. None
1.18. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
1.25. who exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
2.5. But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
3.21. But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified by the law and the prophets; 3.22. even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ to all and on all those who believe. For there is no distinction, 3.23. for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;
4.3. For what does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness."
4.24. but for our sake also, to whom it will be accounted, who believe in him who raised Jesus, our Lord, from the dead, ' "
5.5. and hope doesn't disappoint us, because God's love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. " '
5.21. that as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
8.29. For whom he foreknew, he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
11.1. I ask then, Did God reject his people? May it never be! For I also am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
11.29. For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
11.36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things. To him be the glory for ever! Amen. ' '. None
46. New Testament, John, 1.9-1.14, 2.23-2.25, 3.3-3.5, 3.14, 4.14, 4.21, 4.42, 5.17, 5.24, 5.32-5.34, 5.38-5.47, 6.29, 6.44, 8.13-8.14, 8.17-8.18, 8.24, 12.32, 14.6, 14.17, 15.5, 15.26, 16.11, 17.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Spirit, effects of,, belief • belief and faith • belief, relation to Christian commitment • beliefs, basic and non-basic • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei • millennialist beliefs • resurrection belief, complex basis of • tradition/ religion/beliefs • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 51, 315, 316, 321, 322, 331, 332, 440, 443; Frey and Levison (2014) 338; Levison (2009) 391; Morgan (2022) 86, 106, 206, 218, 219, 222, 256, 299, 300, 327; O, Daly (2020) 242, 243, 244; Wilson (2018) 57, 58, 66, 83, 99, 100, 108, 114, 119, 120, 123, 125, 134, 150, 163, 164, 167, 172, 173, 174, 177, 184, 187, 188, 198, 215, 217, 220, 221, 225, 235, 244, 248, 255, 304

1.9. Ἦν τὸ φῶς τὸ ἀληθινὸν ὃ φωτίζει πάντα ἄνθρωπον ἐρχόμενον εἰς τὸν κόσμον. 1.10. ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ ἦν, καὶ ὁ κόσμος διʼ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ ὁ κόσμος αὐτὸν οὐκ ἔγνω. 1.11. Εἰς τὰ ἴδια ἦλθεν, καὶ οἱ ἴδιοι αὐτὸν οὐ παρέλαβον. 1.12. ὅσοι δὲ ἔλαβον αὐτόν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τέκνα θεοῦ γενέσθαι, τοῖς πιστεύουσιν εἰς τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, 1.13. οἳ οὐκ ἐξ αἱμάτων οὐδὲ ἐκ θελήματος σαρκὸς οὐδὲ ἐκ θελήματος ἀνδρὸς ἀλλʼ ἐκ θεοῦ ἐγεννήθησαν. 1.14. Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν, καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας·?̔
2.23. Ὡς δὲ ἦν ἐν τοῖς Ἰεροσολύμοις ἐν τῷ πάσχα ἐν τῇ ἑορτῇ, πολλοὶ ἐπίστευσαν εἰς τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, θεωροῦντες αὐτοῦ τὰ σημεῖα ἃ ἐποίει· 2.24. αὐτὸς δὲ Ἰησοῦς οὐκ ἐπίστευεν αὑτὸν αὐτοῖς διὰ τὸ αὐτὸν γινώσκειν πάντας 2.25. καὶ ὅτι οὐ χρείαν εἶχεν ἵνα τις μαρτυρήσῃ περὶ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, αὐτὸς γὰρ ἐγίνωσκεν τί ἦν ἐν τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ.
3.3. ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω σοι, ἐὰν μή τις γεννηθῇ ἄνωθεν, οὐ δύναται ἰδεῖν τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ. 3.4. λέγει πρὸς αὐτὸν ὁ Νικόδημος Πῶς δύναται ἄνθρωπος γεννηθῆναι γέρων ὤν; μὴ δύναται εἰς τὴν κοιλίαν τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ δεύτερον εἰσελθεῖν καὶ γεννηθῆναι; 3.5. ἀπεκρίθη ὁ Ἰησοῦς Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω σοι, ἐὰν μή τις γεννηθῇ ἐξ ὕδατος καὶ πνεύματος, οὐ δύναται εἰσελθεῖν εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ.
3.14. καὶ καθὼς Μωυσῆς ὕψωσεν τὸν ὄφιν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ, οὕτως ὑψωθῆναι δεῖ τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου,
4.14. ὃς δʼ ἂν πίῃ ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος οὗ ἐγὼ δώσω αὐτῷ, οὐ μὴ διψήσει εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, ἀλλὰ τὸ ὕδωρ ὃ δώσω αὐτῷ γενήσεται ἐν αὐτῷ πηγὴ ὕδατος ἁλλομένου εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον.
4.21. λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς Πίστευέ μοι, γύναι, ὅτι ἔρχεται ὥρα ὅτε οὔτε ἐν τῷ ὄρει τούτῳ οὔτε ἐν Ἰεροσολύμοις προσκυνήσετε τῷ πατρί.
4.42. τῇ τε γυναικὶ ἔλεγον ὅτι Οὐκέτι διὰ τὴν σὴν λαλιὰν πιστεύομεν· αὐτοὶ γὰρ ἀκηκόαμεν, καὶ οἴδαμεν ὅτι οὗτός ἐστιν ἀληθῶς ὁ σωτὴρ τοῦ κόσμου.
5.17. ὁ δὲ ἀπεκρίνατο αὐτοῖς Ὁ πατήρ μου ἕως ἄρτι ἐργάζεται, κἀγὼ ἐργάζομαι.
5.24. Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ὁ τὸν λόγον μου ἀκούων καὶ πιστεύων τῷ πέμψαντί με ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον, καὶ εἰς κρίσιν οὐκ ἔρχεται ἀλλὰ μεταβέβηκεν ἐκ τοῦ θανάτου εἰς τὴν ζωήν.
5.32. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ, καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ἐμοῦ. 5.33. ὑμεῖς ἀπεστάλκατε πρὸς Ἰωάνην, καὶ μεμαρτύρηκε τῇ ἀληθείᾳ· 5.34. ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε.
5.38. καὶ τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε ἐν ὑμῖν μένοντα, ὅτι ὃν ἀπέστειλεν ἐκεῖνος τούτῳ ὑμεῖς οὐ πιστεύετε. 5.39. ἐραυνᾶτε τὰς γραφάς, ὅτι ὑμεῖς δοκεῖτε ἐν αὐταῖς ζωὴν αἰώνιον ἔχειν· καὶ ἐκεῖναί εἰσιν αἱ μαρτυροῦσαι περὶ ἐμοῦ· 5.40. καὶ οὐ θέλετε ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἵνα ζωὴν ἔχητε. 5.41. Δόξαν παρὰ ἀνθρώπων οὐ λαμβάνω, 5.42. ἀλλὰ ἔγνωκα ὑμᾶς ὅτι τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ θεοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε ἐν ἑαυτοῖς. 5.43. ἐγὼ ἐλήλυθα ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ πατρός μου καὶ οὐ λαμβάνετέ με· ἐὰν ἄλλος ἔλθῃ ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τῷ ἰδίῳ, ἐκεῖνον λήμψεσθε. 5.44. πῶς δύνασθε ὑμεῖς πιστεῦσαι, δόξαν παρʼ ἀλλήλων λαμβάνοντες, καὶ τὴν δόξαν τὴν παρὰ τοῦ μόνου θεοῦ οὐ ζητεῖτε; 5.45. μὴ δοκεῖτε ὅτι ἐγὼ κατηγορήσω ὑμῶν πρὸς τὸν πατέρα· ἔστιν ὁ κατηγορῶν ὑμῶν Μωυσῆς, εἰς ὃν ὑμεῖς ἠλπίκατε. 5.46. εἰ γὰρ ἐπιστεύετε Μωυσεῖ, ἐπιστεύετε ἂν ἐμοί, περὶ γὰρ ἐμοῦ ἐκεῖνος ἔγραψεν. 5.47. εἰ δὲ τοῖς ἐκείνου γράμμασιν οὐ πιστεύετε, πῶς τοῖς ἐμοῖς ῥήμασιν πιστεύσετε;
6.29. ἀπεκρίθη ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Τοῦτό ἐστιν τὸ ἔργον τοῦ θεοῦ ἵνα πιστεύητε εἰς ὃν ἀπέστειλεν ἐκεῖνος.
6.44. οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ὁ πατὴρ ὁ πέμψας με ἑλκύσῃ αὐτόν, κἀγὼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ.
8.13. εἶπον οὖν αὐτῷ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι Σὺ περὶ σεαυτοῦ μαρτυρεῖς· 8.14. ἡ μαρτυρία σου οὐκ ἔστιν ἀληθής. ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Κἂν ἐγὼ μαρτυρῶ περὶ ἐμαυτοῦ, ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία μου, ὅτι οἶδα πόθεν ἦλθον καὶ ποῦ ὑπάγω· ὑμεῖς δὲ οὐκ οἴδατε πόθεν ἔρχομαι ἢ ποῦ ὑπάγω.
8.17. καὶ ἐν τῷ νόμῳ δὲ τῷ ὑμετέρῳ γέγραπται ὅτι δύο ἀνθρώπων ἡ μαρτυρία ἀληθής ἐστιν. 8.18. ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμαυτοῦ καὶ μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ἐμοῦ ὁ πέμψας με πατήρ.
8.24. εἶπον οὖν ὑμῖν ὅτι ἀποθανεῖσθε ἐν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν· ἐὰν γὰρ μὴ πιστεύσητε ὅτι ἐγώ εἰμι, ἀποθανεῖσθε ἐν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν.
12.32. κἀγὼ ἂν ὑψωθῶ ἐκ τῆς γῆς, πάντας ἑλκύσω πρὸς ἐμαυτόν.
14.6. λέγει αὐτῷ Ἰησοῦς Ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ὁδὸς καὶ ἡ ἀλήθεια καὶ ἡ ζωή· οὐδεὶς ἔρχεται πρὸς τὸν πατέρα εἰ μὴ διʼ ἐμοῦ.
14.17. τὸ πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας, ὃ ὁ κόσμος οὐ δύναται λαβεῖν, ὅτι οὐ θεωρεῖ αὐτὸ οὐδὲ γινώσκει· ὑμεῖς γινώσκετε αὐτό, ὅτι παρʼ ὑμῖν μένει καὶ ἐν ὑμῖν ἐστίν.
15.5. ὁ μένων ἐν ἐμοὶ κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ οὗτος φέρει καρπὸν πολύν, ὅτι χωρὶς ἐμοῦ οὐ δύνασθε ποιεῖν οὐδέν.
15.26. Ὅταν ἔλθῃ ὁ παράκλητος ὃν ἐγὼ πέμψω ὑμῖν παρὰ τοῦ πατρός, τὸ πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας ὃ παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκπορεύεται, ἐκεῖνος μαρτυρήσει περὶ ἐμοῦ· καὶ ὑμεῖς δὲ μαρτυρεῖτε,
16.11. περὶ δὲ κρίσεως, ὅτι ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου κέκριται.
17.3. αὕτη δέ ἐστιν ἡ αἰώνιος ζωὴ ἵνα γινώσκωσι σὲ τὸν μόνον ἀληθινὸν θεὸν καὶ ὃν ἀπέστειλας Ἰησοῦν Χριστόν.' '. None
1.9. The true light that enlightens everyone was coming into the world. ' "1.10. He was in the world, and the world was made through him, and the world didn't recognize him. " "1.11. He came to his own, and those who were his own didn't receive him. " "1.12. But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become God's children, to those who believe in his name: " '1.13. who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 1.14. The Word became flesh, and lived among us. We saw his glory, such glory as of the one and only Son of the Father, full of grace and truth.
2.23. Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in his name, observing his signs which he did. ' "2.24. But Jesus didn't trust himself to them, because he knew everyone, " "2.25. and because he didn't need for anyone to testify concerning man; for he himself knew what was in man. " '
3.3. Jesus answered him, "Most assuredly, I tell you, unless one is born anew, he can\'t see the Kingdom of God." 3.4. Nicodemus said to him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother\'s womb, and be born?" 3.5. Jesus answered, "Most assuredly I tell you, unless one is born of water and spirit, he can\'t enter into the Kingdom of God!
3.14. As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,
4.14. but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never thirst again; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life."
4.21. Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, will you worship the Father.
4.42. They said to the woman, "Now we believe, not because of your speaking; for we have heard for ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world."
5.17. But Jesus answered them, "My Father is still working, so I am working, too."
5.24. "Most assuredly I tell you, he who hears my word, and believes him who sent me, has eternal life, and doesn\'t come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.
5.32. It is another who testifies about me. I know that the testimony which he testifies about me is true. 5.33. You have sent to John, and he has testified to the truth. 5.34. But the testimony which I receive is not from man. However, I say these things that you may be saved. ' "
5.38. You don't have his word living in you; because you don't believe him whom he sent. " '5.39. "You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and these are they which testify about me. 5.40. Yet you will not come to me, that you may have life. ' "5.41. I don't receive glory from men. " "5.42. But I know you, that you don't have God's love in yourselves. " "5.43. I have come in my Father's name, and you don't receive me. If another comes in his own name, you will receive him. " "5.44. How can you believe, who receive glory from one another, and you don't seek the glory that comes from the only God? " '5.45. "Don\'t think that I will accuse you to the Father. There is one who accuses you, even Moses, on whom you have set your hope. 5.46. For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote about me. 5.47. But if you don\'t believe his writings, how will you believe my words?"
6.29. Jesus answered them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent."
6.44. No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up in the last day.
8.13. The Pharisees therefore said to him, "You testify about yourself. Your testimony is not valid." 8.14. Jesus answered them, "Even if I testify about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from, and where I am going; but you don\'t know where I came from, or where I am going. ' "
8.17. It's also written in your law that the testimony of two people is valid. " '8.18. I am one who testifies about myself, and the Father who sent me testifies about me."
8.24. I said therefore to you that you will die in your sins; for unless you believe that I am he, you will die in your sins."
12.32. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself."
14.6. Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father, except through me. ' "
14.17. the Spirit of truth, whom the world can't receive; for it doesn't see him, neither knows him. You know him, for he lives with you, and will be in you. " '
15.5. I am the vine. You are the branches. He who remains in me, and I in him, the same bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.
15.26. "When the Counselor has come, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will testify about me.
16.11. about judgment, because the prince of this world has been judged.
17.3. This is eternal life, that they should know you, the only true God, and him whom you sent, Jesus Christ. ' '. None
47. New Testament, Luke, 4.12, 10.13, 14.21-14.23, 16.30, 22.25-22.27, 22.42, 24.47 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Messiah, God’s anointed, Second Temple messianic beliefs • belief and faith • belief, relation to Christian commitment • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • resurrection belief, complex basis of • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Despotis and Lohr (2022) 211, 255, 256, 257, 258, 278; Morgan (2022) 103, 115, 154, 206, 219; Ruzer (2020) 107; Wilson (2018) 114, 204, 221, 224, 263

4.12. καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς ὅτι Εἴρηται
10.13. Οὐαί σοι, Χοραζείν· οὐαί σοι, Βηθσαιδά· ὅτι εἰ ἐν Τύρῳ καὶ Σιδῶνι ἐγενήθησαν αἱ δυνάμεις αἱ γενόμεναι ἐν ὑμῖν, πάλαι ἂν ἐν σάκκῳ καὶ σποδῷ καθήμενοι μετενόησαν.
14.21. καὶ παραγενόμενος ὁ δοῦλος ἀπήγγειλεν τῷ κυρίῳ αὐτοῦ ταῦτα. τότε ὀργισθεὶς ὁ οἰκοδεσπότης εἶπεν τῷ δούλῳ αὐτοῦ Ἔξελθε ταχέως εἰς τὰς πλατείας καὶ ῥύμας τῆς πόλεως, καὶ τοὺς πτωχοὺς καὶ ἀναπείρους καὶ τυφλοὺς καὶ χωλοὺς εἰσάγαγε ὧδε. 14.22. καὶ εἶπεν ὁ δοῦλος Κύριε, γέγονεν ὃ ἐπέταξας, καὶ ἔτι τόπος ἐστίν. 14.23. καὶ εἶπεν ὁ κύριος πρὸς τὸν δοῦλον Ἔξελθε εἰς τὰς ὁδοὺς καὶ φραγμοὺς καὶ ἀνάγκασον εἰσελθεῖν, ἵνα γεμισθῇ μου ὁ οἶκος·
16.30. ὁ δὲ εἶπεν Οὐχί, πάτερ Ἀβραάμ, ἀλλʼ ἐάν τις ἀπὸ νεκρῶν πορευθῇ πρὸς αὐτοὺς μετανοήσουσιν.
22.25. ὁ δὲ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Οἱ βασιλεῖς τῶν ἐθνῶν κυριεύουσιν αὐτῶν καὶ οἱ ἐξουσιάζοντες αὐτῶν εὐεργέται καλοῦνται. 22.26. ὑμεῖς δὲ οὐχ οὕτως, ἀλλʼ ὁ μείζων ἐν ὑμῖν γινέσθω ὡς ὁ νεώτερος, καὶ ὁ ἡγούμενος ὡς ὁ διακονῶν· 22.27. τίς γὰρ μείζων, ὁ ἀνακείμενος ἢ ὁ διακονῶν; οὐχὶ ὁ ἀνακείμενος; ἐγὼ δὲ ἐν μέσῳ ὑμῶν εἰμὶ ὡς ὁ διακονῶν.
22.42. εἰ βούλει παρένεγκε τοῦτο τὸ ποτήριον ἀπʼ ἐμοῦ· πλὴν μὴ τὸ θέλημά μου ἀλλὰ τὸ σὸν γινέσθω.
24.47. καὶ κηρυχθῆναι ἐπὶ τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ μετάνοιαν εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν εἰς πάντα τὰ ἔθνὴ, — ἀρξάμενοι ἀπὸ Ἰερουσαλήμ·''. None
4.12. Jesus answering, said to him, "It has been said, \'You shall not tempt the Lord your God.\'"
10.13. "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14.21. "That servant came, and told his lord these things. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant, \'Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in the poor, maimed, blind, and lame.\ '14.22. "The servant said, \'Lord, it is done as you commanded, and there is still room.\ '14.23. "The lord said to the servant, \'Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
16.30. "He said, \'No, father Abraham, but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.\ '
22.25. He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who have authority over them are called \'benefactors.\ '22.26. But not so with you. But one who is the greater among you, let him become as the younger, and one who is governing, as one who serves. ' "22.27. For who is greater, one who sits at the table, or one who serves? Isn't it he who sits at the table? But I am in the midst of you as one who serves. " '
22.42. saying, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done."
24.47. and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem. ''. None
48. New Testament, Mark, 1.9-1.11, 1.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Beliefs • Messiah, God’s anointed, Second Temple messianic beliefs • belief and faith • belief, relation to Christian commitment

 Found in books: Avery Peck et al. (2014) 251; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 26; Morgan (2022) 219; Ruzer (2020) 70, 75, 107

1.9. ΚΑΙ ΕΓΕΝΕΤΟ ἐν ἐκείναις ταῖς ἡμέραις ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς ἀπὸ Ναζαρὲτ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἐβαπτίσθη εἰς τὸν Ἰορδάνην ὑπὸ Ἰωάνου. 1.10. καὶ εὐθὺς ἀναβαίνων ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος εἶδεν σχιζομένους τοὺς οὐρανοὺς καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα ὡς περιστερὰν καταβαῖνον εἰς αὐτόν· 1.11. καὶ φωνὴ ἐγένετο ἐκ τῶν οὐρανῶν Σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός, ἐν σοὶ εὐδόκησα.
1.15. καὶ λέγων ὅτι Πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ· μετανοεῖτε καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ.''. None
1.9. It happened in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 1.10. Immediately coming up from the water, he saw the heavens parting, and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 1.11. A voice came out of the sky, "You are my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
1.15. and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand! Repent, and believe in the gospel."''. None
49. New Testament, Matthew, 4.7, 5.17-5.20, 5.39-5.40, 6.10-6.11, 6.19-6.21, 11.20-11.22, 11.27, 13.24, 13.31, 18.19-18.20, 28.17, 28.19-28.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belief in Matthew • Christian, belief/faith • Messiah, God’s anointed, Second Temple messianic beliefs • Spirit, effects of,, belief • belief and faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • resurrection belief, complex basis of • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Avery Peck et al. (2014) 283, 284; Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 17; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 52, 255, 257, 278, 296; Frey and Levison (2014) 338; Morgan (2022) 107, 129, 206, 256, 295; Ruzer (2020) 107; Wilson (2018) 177, 204, 235

4.7. ἔφη αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς Πάλιν γέγραπται Οὐκ ἐκπειράσεις Κύριον τὸν θεόν σου.
5.17. Μὴ νομίσητε ὅτι ἦλθον καταλῦσαι τὸν νόμον ἢ τοὺς προφήτας· οὐκ ἦλθον καταλῦσαι ἀλλὰ πληρῶσαι· 5.18. ἀμὴν γὰρ λέγω ὑμῖν, ἕως ἂν παρέλθῃ ὁ οὐρανὸς καὶ ἡ γῆ, ἰῶτα ἓν ἢ μία κερέα οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου ἕως ἂν πάντα γένηται. 5.19. ὃς ἐὰν οὖν λύσῃ μίαν τῶν ἐντολῶν τούτων τῶν ἐλαχίστων καὶ διδάξῃ οὕτως τοὺς ἀνθρώπους, ἐλάχιστος κληθήσεται ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ τῶν οὐρανῶν· ὃς δʼ ἂν ποιήσῃ καὶ διδάξῃ, οὗτος μέγας κληθήσεται ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ τῶν οὐρανῶν. 5.20. λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐὰν μὴ περισσεύσῃ ὑμῶν ἡ δικαιοσύνη πλεῖον τῶν γραμματέων καὶ Φαρισαίων, οὐ μὴ εἰσέλθητε εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν.
5.39. Ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν μὴ ἀντιστῆναι τῷ πονηρῷ· ἀλλʼ ὅστις σε ῥαπίζει εἰς τὴν δεξιὰν σιαγόνα σου, στρέψον αὐτῷ καὶ τὴν ἄλλην· 5.40. καὶ τῷ θέλοντί σοι κριθῆναι καὶ τὸν χιτῶνά σου λαβεῖν, ἄφες αὐτῷ καὶ τὸ ἱμάτιον·
6.10. ἐλθάτω ἡ βασιλεία σου, γενηθήτω τὸ θέλημά σου, ὡς ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς· 6.11. Τὸν ἄρτον ἡμῶν τὸν ἐπιούσιον δὸς ἡμῖν σήμερον·
6.19. Μὴ θησαυρίζετε ὑμῖν θησαυροὺς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ὅπου σὴς καὶ βρῶσις ἀφανίζει, καὶ ὅπου κλέπται διορύσσουσιν καὶ κλέπτουσιν· 6.20. θησαυρίζετε δὲ ὑμῖν θησαυροὺς ἐν οὐρανῷ, ὅπου οὔτε σὴς οὔτε βρῶσις ἀφανίζει, καὶ ὅπου κλέπται οὐ διορύσσουσιν οὐδὲ κλέπτουσιν· 6.21. ὅπου γάρ ἐστιν ὁ θησαυρός σου, ἐκεῖ ἔσται καὶ ἡ καρδία σου.
11.20. Τότε ἤρξατο ὀνειδίζειν τὰς πόλεις ἐν αἷς ἐγένοντο αἱ πλεῖσται δυνάμεις αὐτοῦ, ὅτι οὐ μετενόησαν· 11.21. Οὐαί σοι, Χοραζείν· οὐαί σοι, Βηθσαιδάν· ὅτι εἰ ἐν Τύρῳ καὶ Σιδῶνι ἐγένοντο αἱ δυνάμεις αἱ γενόμεναι ἐν ὑμῖν, πάλαι ἂν ἐν σάκκῳ καὶ σποδῷ μετενόησαν. 11.22. πλὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, Τύρῳ καὶ Σιδῶνι ἀνεκτότερον ἔσται ἐν ἡμέρᾳ κρίσεως ἢ ὑμῖν.
11.27. Πάντα μοι παρεδόθη ὑπὸ τοῦ πατρός μου, καὶ οὐδεὶς ἐπιγινώσκει τὸν υἱὸν εἰ μὴ ὁ πατήρ, οὐδὲ τὸν πατέρα τις ἐπιγινώσκει εἰ μὴ ὁ υἱὸς καὶ ᾧ ἐὰν βούληται ὁ υἱὸς ἀποκαλύψαι.
13.24. Ἄλλην παραβολὴν παρέθηκεν αὐτοῖς λέγων Ὡμοιώθη ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν ἀνθρώπῳ σπείραντι καλὸν σπέρμα ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ αὐτοῦ.
13.31. Ἄλλην παραβολὴν παρέθηκεν αὐτοῖς λέγων Ὁμοία ἐστὶν ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν κόκκῳ σινάπεως, ὃν λαβὼν ἄνθρωπος ἔσπειρεν ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ αὐτοῦ·
18.19. Πάλιν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐὰν δύο συμφωνήσωσιν ἐξ ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς περὶ παντὸς πράγματος οὗ ἐὰν αἰτήσωνται, γενήσεται αὐτοῖς παρὰ τοῦ πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν οὐρανοῖς. 18.20. οὗ γάρ εἰσιν δύο ἢ τρεῖς συνηγμένοι εἰς τὸ ἐμὸν ὄνομα, ἐκεῖ εἰμὶ ἐν μέσῳ αὐτῶν.
28.17. καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν, οἱ δὲ ἐδίστασαν.
28.19. πορευθέντες οὖν μαθητεύσατε πάντα τὰ ἔθνη, βαπτίζοντες αὐτοὺς εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος, 28.20. διδάσκοντες αὐτοὺς τηρεῖν πάντα ὅσα ἐνετειλάμην ὑμῖν· καὶ ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ μεθʼ ὑμῶν εἰμὶ πάσας τὰς ἡμέρας ἕως τῆς συντελείας τοῦ αἰῶνος.''. None
4.7. Jesus said to him, "Again, it is written, \'You shall not test the Lord, your God.\'"
5.17. "Don\'t think that I came to destroy the law or the prophets. I didn\'t come to destroy, but to fulfill. 5.18. For most assuredly, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter or one tiny pen stroke shall in any way pass away from the law, until all things are accomplished. 5.19. Whoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and teach others to do so, shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whoever shall do and teach them shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. 5.20. For I tell you that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, there is no way you will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. ' "
5.39. But I tell you, don't resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. " '5.40. If anyone sues you to take away your coat, let him have your cloak also.
6.10. Let your kingdom come. Let your will be done, as in heaven, so on earth. 6.11. Give us today our daily bread.
6.19. "Don\'t lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal; ' "6.20. but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consume, and where thieves don't break through and steal; " '6.21. for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. ' "
11.20. Then he began to denounce the cities in which most of his mighty works had been done, because they didn't repent. " '11.21. "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 11.22. But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment than for you.
11.27. All things have been delivered to me by my Father. No one knows the Son, except the Father; neither does anyone know the Father, except the Son, and he to whom the Son desires to reveal him.
13.24. He set another parable before them, saying, "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field,
13.31. He set another parable before them, saying, "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field;
18.19. Again, assuredly I tell you, that if two of you will agree on earth concerning anything that they will ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven. 18.20. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there I am in the midst of them."
28.17. When they saw him, they bowed down to him, but some doubted.
28.19. Go, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 28.20. teaching them to observe all things which I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. ''. None
50. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 113.18, 116.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • Seneca, the Younger, Stoic, Aristotelian metriopatheia ridiculed as belief in moderate disease • belief, nonreflective • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 18; Mackey (2022) 103; Sorabji (2000) 66, 209

113.18. Every living thing possessed of reason is inactive if it is not first stirred by some external impression; then the impulse comes, and finally assent confirms the impulse.8 Now what assent is, I shall explain. Suppose that I ought to take a walk: I do walk, but only after uttering the command to myself and approving this opinion of mine. Or suppose that I ought to seat myself; I do seat myself, but only after the same process. This assent is not a part of virtue. ' '. None
51. Tacitus, Annals, 4.16.2, 16.22.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Roman religion, and belief • belief • belief, Roman • belief/s, as misconceptions on Stoic lines of thought

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 28; Mackey (2022) 354; Shannon-Henderson (2019) 7, 342, 343, 344

4.16.2. \xa0Nearly at the same date, the Caesar spoke on the need of choosing a flamen of Jupiter, to replace the late Servius Maluginensis, and of also passing new legislation. "Three patricians," he pointed out, "children of parents wedded \'by cake and spelt,\' were nominated simultaneously; and on one of them the selection fell. The system was old-fashioned, nor was there now as formerly the requisite supply of candidates, since the habit of marrying by the ancient ritual had been dropped, or was retained in few families." â\x80\x94 Here he offered several explanations of the fact, the principal one being the indifference of both sexes, though there was also a deliberate avoidance of the difficulties of the ceremony itself. â\x80\x94 ".\xa0.\xa0.\xa0and since both the man obtaining this priesthood and the woman passing into the marital control of a flamen were automatically withdrawn from paternal jurisdiction. Consequently, a remedy must be applied either by a senatorial resolution or by special law, precisely as Augustus had modified several relics of the rough old world to suit the needs of the present." It was decided, then, after a discussion of the religious points, that no change should be made in the constitution of the flamenship; but a law was carried, that the flamen\'s wife, though under her husband\'s tutelage in respect of her sacred duties, should otherwise stand upon the same legal footing as any ordinary woman. Maluginensis\' son was elected in the room of his father; and to enhance the dignity of the priests and increase their readiness to perform the ritual of the various cults, two million sesterces were voted to the Virgin Cornelia, who was being appointed to succeed Scantia; while Augusta, whenever she entered the theatre, was to take her place among the seats reserved for the Vestals. <
16.22.1. \xa0He preferred other charges as well:â\x80\x94 "At the beginning of the year, Thrasea evaded the customary oath; though the holder of a quindecimviral priesthood, he took no part in the national vows; he had never offered a sacrifice for the welfare of the emperor or for his celestial voice. Once a constant and indefatigable member, who showed himself the advocate or the adversary of the most commonplace resolutions of the Fathers, for three years he had not set foot within the curia; and but yesterday, when his colleagues were gathering with emulous haste to crush Silanus and Vetus, he had preferred to devote his leisure to the private cases of his clients. Matters were come already to a schism and to factions: if many made the same venture, it was war! \'As once,\' he said, \'this discord-loving state prated of Caesar and Cato, so now, Nero, it prates of yourself and Thrasea. And he has his followers â\x80\x94\xa0his satellites, rather â\x80\x94 who affect, not as yet the contumacity of his opinions, but his bearing and his looks, and whose stiffness and austerity are designed for an impeachment of your wantonness. To him alone your safety is a thing uncared for, your talents a thing unhonoured. The imperial happiness he cannot brook: can he not even be satisfied with the imperial bereavements and sorrows? Not to believe Poppaea deity bespeaks the same temper that will not swear to the acts of the deified Augustus and the deified Julius. He contemns religion, he abrogates law. The journal of the Roman people is scanned throughout the provinces and armies with double care for news of what Thrasea has not done! Either let us pass over to his creed, if it is the better, or let these seekers after a new world lose their chief and their instigator. It is the sect that produced the Tuberones and the Favonii â\x80\x94 names unloved even in the old republic. In order to subvert the empire, they make a parade of liberty: the empire overthrown, they will lay hands on liberty itself. You have removed Cassius to little purpose, if you intend to allow these rivals of the Bruti to multiply and flourish! A\xa0word in conclusion: write nothing yourself about Thrasea â\x80\x94 leave the senate to decide between us!\'\xa0" Nero fanned still more the eager fury of Cossutianus, and reinforced him with the mordant eloquence of Eprius Marcellus.''. None
52. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • Aristotle, Unlike Plato, distinguishes appearance (phantasia) from belief • Belief (doxa), In Stoicism differs by assent • Belief (doxa), Not distinguished from appearance in Plato • Belief (doxa), distinguished from appearance (phantasia) in Aristotle and Stoics • Cicero, on beliefs in emotion • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion • beliefs,role in emotion

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 19, 20; Graver (2007) 233; Sorabji (2000) 41, 42, 66, 67, 68

53. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent, Questioning of appearances • belief/opinion (doxa, δόξα‎)

 Found in books: Sorabji (2000) 216; d, Hoine and Martijn (2017) 269

54. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief • beliefs, basic and non-basic • coherence, as criterion for belief or trust • correspondence, as basis for belief or knowledge • witness, as basis of belief or trust

 Found in books: Lynskey (2021) 190; Morgan (2022) 28, 153, 299, 300, 327

55. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Prodicus, religious beliefs • belief • belief (doxa) • belief, Epicurean theory of • belief, centrality of

 Found in books: Jedan (2009) 189; Long (2006) 96, 231; Mackey (2022) 220; Wolfsdorf (2020) 208

56. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • Belief (doxa), On Plotinus • Plotinus, Neoplatonist, Belief not distinguished from appearance • belief (doxa) • false belief

 Found in books: Sorabji (2000) 28; Wolfsdorf (2020) 685

57. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belief/believers • belief and faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith

 Found in books: Binder (2012) 81; Despotis and Lohr (2022) 135; Wilson (2018) 57

58. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent, Questioning of appearances • Cicero, on beliefs in emotion • belief/s, as misconceptions on Stoic lines of thought • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion • beliefs,role in emotion • fresh beliefs

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 15, 18; Graver (2007) 228, 233; Sorabji (2000) 330

59. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief • post-mortality belief, representation of, Egyptian context

 Found in books: Petrovic and Petrovic (2016) 281; Waldner et al (2016) 74

60. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.110-7.114 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • Cicero, on beliefs in emotion • belief/s, as traits of character • belief/s, nature of • belief/s, role in emotion • beliefs,as traits of character • beliefs,evaluative • beliefs,role in emotion • fresh beliefs

 Found in books: Agri (2022) 18, 73; Graver (2007) 39, 141, 231, 233; Sorabji (2000) 67

7.110. And in things intermediate also there are duties; as that boys should obey the attendants who have charge of them.According to the Stoics there is an eight-fold division of the soul: the five senses, the faculty of speech, the intellectual faculty, which is the mind itself, and the generative faculty, being all parts of the soul. Now from falsehood there results perversion, which extends to the mind; and from this perversion arise many passions or emotions, which are causes of instability. Passion, or emotion, is defined by Zeno as an irrational and unnatural movement in the soul, or again as impulse in excess.The main, or most universal, emotions, according to Hecato in his treatise On the Passions, book ii., and Zeno in his treatise with the same title, constitute four great classes, grief, fear, desire or craving, pleasure.' "7.111. They hold the emotions to be judgements, as is stated by Chrysippus in his treatise On the Passions: avarice being a supposition that money is a good, while the case is similar with drunkenness and profligacy and all the other emotions.And grief or pain they hold to be an irrational mental contraction. Its species are pity, envy, jealousy, rivalry, heaviness, annoyance, distress, anguish, distraction. Pity is grief felt at undeserved suffering; envy, grief at others' prosperity; jealousy, grief at the possession by another of that which one desires for oneself; rivalry, pain at the possession by another of what one has oneself." '7.112. Heaviness or vexation is grief which weighs us down, annoyance that which coops us up and straitens us for want of room, distress a pain brought on by anxious thought that lasts and increases, anguish painful grief, distraction irrational grief, rasping and hindering us from viewing the situation as a whole.Fear is an expectation of evil. Under fear are ranged the following emotions: terror, nervous shrinking, shame, consternation, panic, mental agony. Terror is a fear which produces fright; shame is fear of disgrace; nervous shrinking is a fear that one will have to act; consternation is fear due to a presentation of some unusual occurrence; 7.113. panic is fear with pressure exercised by sound; mental agony is fear felt when some issue is still in suspense.Desire or craving is irrational appetency, and under it are ranged the following states: want, hatred, contentiousness, anger, love, wrath, resentment. Want, then, is a craving when it is baulked and, as it were, cut off from its object, but kept at full stretch and attracted towards it in vain. Hatred is a growing and lasting desire or craving that it should go ill with somebody. Contentiousness is a craving or desire connected with partisanship; anger a craving or desire to punish one who is thought to have done you an undeserved injury. The passion of love is a craving from which good men are free; for it is an effort to win affection due to the visible presence of beauty.' "7.114. Wrath is anger which has long rankled and has become malicious, waiting for its opportunity, as is illustrated by the lines:Even though for the one day he swallow his anger, yet doth he still keep his displeasure thereafter in his heart, till he accomplish it.Resentment is anger in an early stage.Pleasure is an irrational elation at the accruing of what seems to be choiceworthy; and under it are ranged ravishment, malevolent joy, delight, transport. Ravishment is pleasure which charms the ear. Malevolent joy is pleasure at another's ills. Delight is the mind's propulsion to weakness, its name in Greek (τέρψις) being akin to τρέψις or turning. To be in transports of delight is the melting away of virtue."'. None
61. Origen, Against Celsus, 6.22 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Beliefs • post-mortality belief, belief, Mithras context

 Found in books: Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 157; Waldner et al (2016) 209, 210

6.22. After this, Celsus, desiring to exhibit his learning in his treatise against us, quotes also certain Persian mysteries, where he says: These things are obscurely hinted at in the accounts of the Persians, and especially in the mysteries of Mithras, which are celebrated among them. For in the latter there is a representation of the two heavenly revolutions - of the movement, viz., of the fixed stars, and of that which take place among the planets, and of the passage of the soul through these. The representation is of the following nature: There is a ladder with lofty gates, and on the top of it an eighth gate. The first gate consists of lead, the second of tin, the third of copper, the fourth of iron, the fifth of a mixture of metals, the sixth of silver, and the seventh of gold. The first gate they assign to Saturn, indicating by the 'lead' the slowness of this star; the second to Venus, comparing her to the splendour and softness of tin; the third to Jupiter, being firm and solid; the fourth to Mercury, for both Mercury and iron are fit to endure all things, and are money-making and laborious; the fifth to Mars, because, being composed of a mixture of metals, it is varied and unequal; the sixth, of silver, to the Moon; the seventh, of gold, to the Sun - thus imitating the different colors of the two latter. He next proceeds to examine the reason of the stars being arranged in this order, which is symbolized by the names of the rest of matter. Musical reasons, moreover, are added or quoted by the Persian theology; and to these, again, he strives to add a second explanation, connected also with musical considerations. But it seems to me, that to quote the language of Celsus upon these matters would be absurd, and similar to what he himself has done, when, in his accusations against Christians and Jews, he quoted, most inappropriately, not only the words of Plato; but, dissatisfied even with these, he adduced in addition the mysteries of the Persian Mithras, and the explanation of them. Now, whatever be the case with regard to these - whether the Persians and those who conduct the mysteries of Mithras give false or true accounts regarding them - why did he select these for quotation, rather than some of the other mysteries, with the explanation of them? For the mysteries of Mithras do not appear to be more famous among the Greeks than those of Eleusis, or than those in Ægina, where individuals are initiated in the rites of Hecate. But if he must introduce barbarian mysteries with their explanation, why not rather those of the Egyptians, which are highly regarded by many, or those of the Cappadocians regarding the Comanian Diana, or those of the Thracians, or even those of the Romans themselves, who initiate the noblest members of their senate? But if he deemed it inappropriate to institute a comparison with any of these, because they furnished no aid in the way of accusing Jews or Christians, why did it not also appear to him inappropriate to adduce the instance of the mysteries of Mithras? "". None
62. Origen, On First Principles, 3.2.2 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent • faith/belief

 Found in books: Sorabji (2000) 66; Wilson (2018) 70

3.2.2. We, however, who see the reason (of the thing) more clearly, do not hold this opinion, taking into account those (sins) which manifestly originate as a necessary consequence of our bodily constitution. Must we indeed suppose that the devil is the cause of our feeling hunger or thirst? Nobody, I think, will venture to maintain that. If, then, he is not the cause of our feeling hunger and thirst, wherein lies the difference when each individual has attained the age of puberty, and that period has called forth the incentives of the natural heat? It will undoubtedly follow, that as the devil is not the cause of our feeling hunger and thirst, so neither is he the cause of that appetency which naturally arises at the time of maturity, viz., the desire of sexual intercourse. Now it is certain that this cause is not always so set in motion by the devil that we should be obliged to suppose that bodies would nor possess a desire for intercourse of that kind if the devil did not exist. Let us consider, in the next place, if, as we have already shown, food is desired by human beings, not from a suggestion of the devil, but by a kind of natural instinct, whether, if there were no devil, it were possible for human experience to exhibit such restraint in partaking of food as never to exceed the proper limits; i.e., that no one would either take otherwise than the case required, or more than reason would allow; and so it would result that men, observing due measure and moderation in the matter of eating, would never go wrong. I do not think, indeed, that so great moderation could be observed by men (even if there were no instigation by the devil inciting thereto), as that no individual, in partaking of food, would go beyond due limits and restraint, until he had learned to do so from long usage and experience. What, then, is the state of the case? In the matter of eating and drinking it was possible for us to go wrong, even without any incitement from the devil, if we should happen to be either less temperate or less careful (than we ought); and are we to suppose, then, in our appetite for sexual intercourse, or in the restraint of our natural desires, our condition is not something similar? I am of opinion, indeed, that the same course of reasoning must be understood to apply to other natural movements as those of covetousness, or of anger, or of sorrow, or of all those generally which through the vice of intemperance exceed the natural bounds of moderation. There are therefore manifest reasons for holding the opinion, that as in good things the human will is of itself weak to accomplish any good (for it is by divine help that it is brought to perfection in everything); so also, in things of an opposite nature we receive certain initial elements, and, as it were, seeds of sins, from those things which we use agreeably to nature; but when we have indulged them beyond what is proper, and have not resisted the first movements to intemperance, then the hostile power, seizing the occasion of this first transgression, incites and presses us hard in every way, seeking to extend our sins over a wider field, and furnishing us human beings with occasions and beginnings of sins, which these hostile powers spread far and wide, and, if possible, beyond all limits. Thus, when men at first for a little desire money, covetousness begins to grow as the passion increases, and finally the fall into avarice takes place. And after this, when blindness of mind has succeeded passion, and the hostile powers, by their suggestions, hurry on the mind, money is now no longer desired, but stolen, and acquired by force, or even by shedding human blood. Finally, a confirmatory evidence of the fact that vices of such enormity proceed from demons, may be easily seen in this, that those individuals who are oppressed either by immoderate love, or incontrollable anger, or excessive sorrow, do not suffer less than those who are bodily vexed by devils. For it is recorded in certain histories, that some have fallen into madness from a state of love, others from a state of anger, not a few from a state of sorrow, and even from one of excessive joy; which results, I think, from this, that those opposing powers, i.e., those demons, having gained a lodgment in their minds which has been already laid open to them by intemperance, have taken complete possession of their sensitive nature, especially when no feeling of the glory of virtue has aroused them to resistance.''. None
63. Porphyry, On The Cave of The Nymphs, 6 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Beliefs • post-mortality belief, belief, Mithras context

 Found in books: Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 157; Waldner et al (2016) 212, 213

6. This world, then, is sacred and pleasant to souls wno nave now proceeded into nature, and to natal daemons, though it is essentially dark and obscure; from which some have suspected that souls also are of an obscure nature and essentially consist of air. Hence a cavern, which is both pleasant and dark, will be appropriately consecrated to souls on the earth, conformably to its similitude to the world, in which, as in the greatest of all temples, souls reside. To the nymphs likewise, who preside over waters, a cavern, in which there are perpetually flowing streams, is adapted. Let, therefore, this present cavern be consecrated to souls, and among the more partial powers, to nymphs that preside over streams and fountains, and who, on this account, are called fontal and naiades. Waat, therefore, are the different symbols, some of which are adapted to souls, but others to the aquatic powers, in order that we may apprehend that this cavern is consecrated in common to |19 both? Let the stony bowls, then, and the amphorae be symbols of the aquatic nymphs. For these are, indeed, the symbols of Bacchus, but their composition is fictile, i.e., consists of baked earth, and these are friendly to the vine, the gift of God; since the fruit of the vine is brought to a proper maturity by the celestial fire of the sun. But the stony bowls and amphorae are in the most eminent degree adapted to the nymphs who preside over the water that flows from rocks. And to souls that descend into generation and are occupied in corporeal energies, what symbol can be more appropriate than those instruments pertaining to weaving? Hence, also, the poet ventures to say, "that on these, the nymphs weave purple webs, admirable to the view." For the formation of the flesh is on and about the bones, which in the bodies of animals resemble stones. Hence these instruments of weaving consist of stone, and not of any other matter. But the purple webs will evidently be the flesh which is woven from the blood. For purple woollen garments are tinged from blood. and wool is dyed from animal juice. The generation of flesh, also, is through and from blood. Add, too, that |20 the body is a garment with which the soul is invested, a thing wonderful to the sight, whether this refers to the composition of the soul, or contributes to the colligation of the soul (to the whole of a visible essence). Thus, also, Proserpine, who is the inspective guardian of everything produced from seed, is represented by Orpheus as weaving a web (note 7), and the heavens are called by the ancients a veil, in consequence of being,as it were, the vestment of the celestial Gods. ''. None
64. None, None, nan (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Augustine, Will involved in belief • Belief (doxa), Hence for Stoics and Augustine voluntary • Will, Expansion of role in Augustine, will in belief, perception, memory, imagination, thought, faith • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift • faith/belief, initial faith • faith/belief, initium fidei

 Found in books: Sorabji (2000) 47, 337; Wilson (2018) 163, 164, 252, 260, 290

65. None, None, nan (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • belief, deontic • belief, shared • faith/belief • faith/belief, as God’s gift

 Found in books: Mackey (2022) 158; Wilson (2018) 150

66. Babylonian Talmud, Avodah Zarah, None
 Tagged with subjects: • Messianic beliefs, expectations, idea • minut, wrong belief

 Found in books: Ruzer (2020) 35; Schremer (2010) 203

17a. והנאך ועליו נתפסת אמר לו עקיבא הזכרתני פעם אחת הייתי מהלך בשוק העליון של ציפורי ומצאתי אחד ומתלמידי ישו הנוצרי ויעקב איש כפר סכניא שמו אמר לי כתוב בתורתכם (דברים כג, יט) לא תביא אתנן זונה וגו\' מהו לעשות הימנו בהכ"ס לכ"ג ולא אמרתי לו כלום,אמר לי כך לימדני ישו הנוצרי (מיכה א, ז) כי מאתנן זונה קבצה ועד אתנן זונה ישובו ממקום הטנופת באו למקום הטנופת ילכו,והנאני הדבר על ידי זה נתפסתי למינות ועברתי על מה שכתוב בתורה (משלי ה, ח) הרחק מעליה דרכך זו מינות ואל תקרב אל פתח ביתה זו הרשות ואיכא דאמרי הרחק מעליה דרכך זו מינות והרשות ואל תקרב אל פתח ביתה זו זונה וכמה אמר רב חסדא ארבע אמות,ורבנן האי מאתנן זונה מאי דרשי ביה כדרב חסדא דאמר רב חסדא כל זונה שנשכרת לבסוף היא שוכרת שנאמר (יחזקאל טז, לד) ובתתך אתנן ואתנן לא נתן לך ותהי להפך,ופליגא דרבי פדת דא"ר פדת לא אסרה תורה אלא קריבה של גלוי עריות בלבד שנא\' (ויקרא יח, ו) איש איש אל כל שאר בשרו לא תקרבו לגלות ערוה,עולא כי הוה אתי מבי רב הוה מנשק להו לאחתיה אבי ידייהו ואמרי לה אבי חדייהו ופליגא דידיה אדידיה דאמר עולא קריבה בעלמא אסור משום לך לך אמרין נזירא סחור סחור לכרמא לא תקרב,(משלי ל, טו) לעלוקה שתי בנות הב הב מאי הב הב אמר מר עוקבא קול שתי בנות שצועקות מגיהנם ואומרות בעוה"ז הבא הבא ומאן נינהו מינות והרשות איכא דאמרי אמר רב חסדא אמר מר עוקבא קול גיהנם צועקת ואומרת הביאו לי שתי בנות שצועקות ואומרות בעולם הזה הבא הבא,(משלי ב, יט) כל באיה לא ישובון ולא ישיגו אורחות חיים וכי מאחר שלא שבו היכן ישיגו ה"ק ואם ישובו לא ישיגו אורחות חיים,למימרא דכל הפורש ממינות מיית והא ההיא דאתאי לקמיה דרב חסדא ואמרה ליה קלה שבקלות עשתה בנה הקטן מבנה הגדול ואמר לה רב חסדא טרחו לה בזוודתא ולא מתה,מדקאמרה קלה שבקלות עשתה מכלל דמינות נמי הויא בה ההוא דלא הדרא בה שפיר ומש"ה לא מתה,איכא דאמרי ממינות אין מעבירה לא והא ההיא דאתאי קמיה דרב חסדא וא"ל ר"ח זוידו לה זוודתא ומתה מדקאמרה קלה שבקלות מכלל דמינות נמי הויא בה,ומעבירה לא והתניא אמרו עליו על ר"א בן דורדיא שלא הניח זונה אחת בעולם שלא בא עליה פעם אחת שמע שיש זונה אחת בכרכי הים והיתה נוטלת כיס דינרין בשכרה נטל כיס דינרין והלך ועבר עליה שבעה נהרות בשעת הרגל דבר הפיחה אמרה כשם שהפיחה זו אינה חוזרת למקומה כך אלעזר בן דורדיא אין מקבלין אותו בתשובה,הלך וישב בין שני הרים וגבעות אמר הרים וגבעות בקשו עלי רחמים אמרו לו עד שאנו מבקשים עליך נבקש על עצמנו שנאמר (ישעיהו נד, י) כי ההרים ימושו והגבעות תמוטינה אמר שמים וארץ בקשו עלי רחמים אמרו עד שאנו מבקשים עליך נבקש על עצמנו שנאמר (ישעיהו נא, ו) כי שמים כעשן נמלחו והארץ כבגד תבלה,אמר חמה ולבנה בקשו עלי רחמים אמרו לו עד שאנו מבקשים עליך נבקש על עצמנו שנאמר (ישעיהו כד, כג) וחפרה הלבנה ובושה החמה אמר כוכבים ומזלות בקשו עלי רחמים אמרו לו עד שאנו מבקשים עליך נבקש על עצמנו שנאמר (ישעיהו לד, ד) ונמקו כל צבא השמים,אמר אין הדבר תלוי אלא בי הניח ראשו בין ברכיו וגעה בבכיה עד שיצתה נשמתו יצתה בת קול ואמרה ר"א בן דורדיא מזומן לחיי העולם הבא והא הכא בעבירה הוה ומית התם נמי כיון דאביק בה טובא כמינות דמיא,בכה רבי ואמר יש קונה עולמו בכמה שנים ויש קונה עולמו בשעה אחת ואמר רבי לא דיין לבעלי תשובה שמקבלין אותן אלא שקורין אותן רבי,ר\' חנינא ור\' יונתן הוו קאזלי באורחא מטו להנהו תרי שבילי חד פצי אפיתחא דעבודת כוכבים וחד פצי אפיתחא דבי זונות אמר ליה חד לחבריה ניזיל אפיתחא דעבודת כוכבים''. None
17a. and you derived pleasure from it, and because of this you were held responsible by Heaven. Rabbi Eliezer said to him: Akiva, you are right, as you have reminded me that once I was walking in the upper marketplace of Tzippori, and I found a man who was one of the students of Jesus the Nazarene, and his name was Ya’akov of Kefar Sekhanya. He said to me: It is written in your Torah: “You shall not bring the payment to a prostitute, or the price of a dog, into the house of the Lord your God” (Deuteronomy 23:19). What is the halakha: Is it permitted to make from the payment to a prostitute for services rendered a bathroom for a High Priest in the Temple? And I said nothing to him in response.,He said to me: Jesus the Nazarene taught me the following: It is permitted, as derived from the verse: “For of the payment to a prostitute she has gathered them, and to the payment to a prostitute they shall return” (Micah 1:7). Since the coins came from a place of filth, let them go to a place of filth and be used to build a bathroom.,And I derived pleasure from the statement, and due to this, I was arrested for heresy by the authorities, because I transgressed that which is written in the Torah: “Remove your way far from her, and do not come near the entrance of her house” (Proverbs 5:8). “Remove your way far from her,” this is a reference to heresy; “and do not come near the entrance of her house,” this is a reference to the ruling authority. The Gemara notes: And there are those who say a different interpretation: “Remove your way far from her,” this is a reference to heresy and the ruling authority; “and do not come near the entrance of her house,” this is a reference to a prostitute. And how much distance must one maintain from a prostitute? Rav Ḥisda said: Four cubits.,With regard to the derivation of the verse by Jesus the Nazarene, the Gemara asks: And what do the Sages derive from this phrase: “Payment to a prostitute”? The Gemara answers: They explain it in accordance with the opinion of Rav Ḥisda, as Rav Ḥisda says: Any prostitute who hires herself out to others for money will become so attached to this practice that ultimately, when others no longer wish to hire her, she will hire others to engage in intercourse with her. As it is stated: “And in that you gave payment, and no payment is given to you, therefore you are contrary” (Ezekiel 16:34).,The Gemara comments: And Rav Ḥisda, who stated above that the Torah requires one to maintain a distance of four cubits from a prostitute, disagrees with the opinion of Rabbi Pedat. As Rabbi Pedat says: The Torah prohibited only intimacy that involves engaging in prohibited sexual relations, as it is stated: “None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness” (Leviticus 18:6). The prohibition against intimacy in the Torah applies exclusively to sexual intercourse, and all other kinds of intimacy that do not include actual intercourse are not included in the prohibition.,The Gemara relates: When Ulla would come from the study hall, he would kiss his sisters on their hands. And some say: On their chests. And the Gemara points out that this action of his disagrees with another ruling that Ulla himself issued, as Ulla says: Mere intimacy with a woman with whom one is prohibited from engaging in sexual intercourse is prohibited, due to the maxim: Go, go, we say to a nazirite, go around, go around but do not come near to the vineyard. Just as a nazirite is warned not even to come into close proximity of a vineyard lest he consume a product of the vine, so too one is obligated to distance himself from anyone with whom intercourse is forbidden.,§ In connection to the earlier mention of heresy and the ruling authorities, the Gemara cites a verse: “The horseleech has two daughters: Give, give” (Proverbs 30:15). What is meant by “give, give”? Mar Ukva says: This is the voice of the two daughters who cry out from Gehenna due to their suffering; and they are the ones who say in this world: Give, give, demanding dues and complete allegiance. And who are they? They are heresy and the ruling authority. There are those who say that Rav Ḥisda says that Mar Ukva says: The voice of Gehenna cries out and says: Bring me two daughters who cry and say in this world: Give, give.,The following verse in Proverbs makes reference to a foreign woman, which according to the Sages is a euphemism for heresy: “None that go to her return, neither do they attain the paths of life” (Proverbs 2:19). The Gemara asks: Since those that are drawn to heresy do not return, from where would they attain the path of life? Why is it necessary for the verse to add that they do not attain the paths of life? The Gemara explains that this is what the verse is saying: In general, those who go to her do not return, and even if they return, they do not attain the paths of life, i.e., the pain of their regret will shorten their lives.,The Gemara asks: Is this to say that anyone who separates himself from heresy and returns from his mistaken ways must die? But what about that woman who came before Rav Ḥisda to confess to him, and she said to him: The lightest of the light, i.e., the least of the sins that she committed, is that she conceived her younger son from engaging in intercourse with her older son. And Rav Ḥisda said to her: Prepare funeral shrouds for her, i.e., yourself, as you will certainly die soon, but she did not die.,The above incident refutes the claim that anyone who repents for the sin of heresy must die, as from the fact that she said that the lightest of the light of her sins was that she conceived one son from engaging in intercourse with another son, by inference one can learn that she was also involved in heresy, and yet she did not die. The Gemara answers: That is a case where the woman did not repent properly, and due to that reason she did not die.,There are those who say there is a different version of the objection to the Gemara’s statement that those who repent for the sin of heresy must die: Is that to say that if one repents for the sin of heresy, yes, the result is death, whereas if one repents for the sin of forbidden sexual intercourse he does not die? But what about that woman who came before Rav Ḥisda to confess to him and Rav Ḥisda said to those present: Prepare funeral shrouds for her, and she died? The Gemara answers: From the fact that she said: The lightest of the light, by inference one can learn that she was also involved in heresy.,The Gemara asks: And is it correct that one who repents of the sin of forbidden sexual intercourse does not die? But isn’t it taught in a baraita: They said about Rabbi Elazar ben Durdayya that he was so promiscuous that he did not leave one prostitute in the world with whom he did not engage in sexual intercourse. Once, he heard that there was one prostitute in one of the cities overseas who would take a purse full of dinars as her payment. He took a purse full of dinars and went and crossed seven rivers to reach her. When they were engaged in the matters to which they were accustomed, a euphemism for intercourse, she passed wind and said: Just as this passed wind will not return to its place, so too Elazar ben Durdayya will not be accepted in repentance, even if he were to try to repent.,This statement deeply shocked Elazar ben Durdayya, and he went and sat between two mountains and hills and said: Mountains and hills, pray for mercy on my behalf, so that my repentance will be accepted. They said to him: Before we pray for mercy on your behalf, we must pray for mercy on our own behalf, as it is stated: “For the mountains may depart, and the hills be removed” (Isaiah 54:10). He said: Heaven and earth, pray for mercy on my behalf. They said to him: Before we pray for mercy on your behalf, we must pray for mercy on our own behalf, as it is stated: “For the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment” (Isaiah 51:6).,He said: Sun and moon, pray for mercy on my behalf. They said to him: Before we pray for mercy on your behalf, we must pray for mercy on our own behalf, as it is stated: “Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed” (Isaiah 24:23). He said: Stars and constellations, pray for mercy on my behalf. They said to him: Before we pray for mercy on your behalf, we must pray for mercy on our own behalf, as it is stated: “And all the hosts of heaven shall molder away” (Isaiah 34:4).,Elazar ben Durdayya said: Clearly the matter depends on nothing other than myself. He placed his head between his knees and cried loudly until his soul left his body. A Divine Voice emerged and said: Rabbi Elazar ben Durdayya is destined for life in the World-to-Come. The Gemara explains the difficulty presented by this story: And here Elazar ben Durdayya was guilty of the sin of forbidden sexual intercourse, and yet he died once he repented. The Gemara answers: There too, since he was attached so strongly to the sin, to an extent that transcended the physical temptation he felt, it is similar to heresy, as it had become like a form of idol worship for him.,When Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi heard this story of Elazar ben Durdayya, he wept and said: There is one who acquires his share in the World-to-Come only after many years of toil, and there is one who acquires his share in the World-to-Come in one moment. And Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi further says: Not only are penitents accepted, but they are even called: Rabbi, as the Divine Voice referred to Elazar ben Durdayya as Rabbi Elazar ben Durdayya.,§ In relation to the issue of distancing oneself from idol worship and prostitution, the Gemara relates: Rabbi Ḥanina and Rabbi Yonatan were once walking along the road when they came to a certain two paths, one of which branched off toward the entrance of a place of idol worship, and the other one branched off toward the entrance of a brothel. One said to the other: Let us go by the path that leads to the entrance of the place of idol worship,''. None
67. Vergil, Aeneis, 6.641
 Tagged with subjects: • post-mortality belief, critique • scorn gods, ; ridicule Christian beliefs

 Found in books: Sider (2001) 67; Waldner et al (2016) 79

6.641. purpureo, solemque suum, sua sidera norunt.''. None
6.641. His face and bloody hands, his wounded head ''. None
68. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Beliefs • post-mortality belief, representation of, Egyptian context

 Found in books: Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 161; Waldner et al (2016) 135

69. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • belief (doxa) • belief (doxa),Bentham, J. • belief, empty • belief, in gods/goddesses • belief, in pursuit of pleasure • belief, religious

 Found in books: Long (2006) 188, 189; Mackey (2022) 214

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