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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.


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All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
belial Avery Peck et al. (2014) 61
Allen and Dunne (2022) 27, 28, 29, 30, 37, 38
Crabb (2020) 98, 183, 229, 230, 290, 299
Frey and Levison (2014) 98, 215, 218, 228, 229, 230, 255
Garcia (2021) 6, 83, 137, 164, 168, 170, 172, 173, 174, 191, 192, 193, 194, 215, 216, 219, 233
Levine Allison and Crossan (2006) 113, 122, 123
Lidonnici and Lieber (2007) 35, 36, 37, 45, 243, 244, 252, 253
Stuckenbruck (2007) 167, 262, 389, 423
Tellbe Wasserman and Nyman (2019) 49, 50, 71
Zawanowska and Wilk (2022) 113
belial, antiochus iv epiphanes, son of Salvesen et al (2020) 103
belial, in dead sea scrolls, dss Noam (2018) 66, 106
belial, lot i.e. destiny, of Stuckenbruck (2007) 262, 389
belial, traditions Keener(2005) 194
belial/beliar, satan Collins (2016) 173, 174, 191, 192, 193, 194, 206, 210, 213, 214, 215, 292, 346

List of validated texts:
11 validated results for "belial"
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 9.26-9.29, 18.18-18.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS), Belial in

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022) 30, 38; Frey and Levison (2014) 218; Levine Allison and Crossan (2006) 113; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007) 35, 36, 37; Noam (2018) 66; Werline et al. (2008) 53


9.26. וָאֶתְפַּלֵּל אֶל־יְהוָה וָאֹמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה אַל־תַּשְׁחֵת עַמְּךָ וְנַחֲלָתְךָ אֲשֶׁר פָּדִיתָ בְּגָדְלֶךָ אֲשֶׁר־הוֹצֵאתָ מִמִּצְרַיִם בְּיָד חֲזָקָה׃ 9.27. זְכֹר לַעֲבָדֶיךָ לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּלְיַעֲקֹב אַל־תֵּפֶן אֶל־קְשִׁי הָעָם הַזֶּה וְאֶל־רִשְׁעוֹ וְאֶל־חַטָּאתוֹ׃ 9.28. פֶּן־יֹאמְרוּ הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתָנוּ מִשָּׁם מִבְּלִי יְכֹלֶת יְהוָה לַהֲבִיאָם אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר לָהֶם וּמִשִּׂנְאָתוֹ אוֹתָם הוֹצִיאָם לַהֲמִתָם בַּמִּדְבָּר׃ 9.29. וְהֵם עַמְּךָ וְנַחֲלָתֶךָ אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתָ בְּכֹחֲךָ הַגָּדֹל וּבִזְרֹעֲךָ הַנְּטוּיָה׃
18.18. נָבִיא אָקִים לָהֶם מִקֶּרֶב אֲחֵיהֶם כָּמוֹךָ וְנָתַתִּי דְבָרַי בְּפִיו וְדִבֶּר אֲלֵיהֶם אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר אֲצַוֶּנּוּ׃ 18.19. וְהָיָה הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יִשְׁמַע אֶל־דְּבָרַי אֲשֶׁר יְדַבֵּר בִּשְׁמִי אָנֹכִי אֶדְרֹשׁ מֵעִמּוֹ׃' '. None
9.26. And I prayed unto the LORD, and said: ‘O Lord GOD, destroy not Thy people and Thine inheritance, that Thou hast redeemed through Thy greatness, that Thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand. 9.27. Remember Thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin; 9.28. lest the land whence Thou broughtest us out say: Because the LORD was not able to bring them into the land which He promised unto them, and because He hated them, He hath brought them out to slay them in the wilderness. 9.29. Yet they are Thy people and Thine inheritance, that Thou didst bring out by Thy great power and by Thy outstretched arm.’
18.18. I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee; and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 18.19. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto My words which he shall speak in My name, I will require it of him.' '. None
2. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 11.2 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Satan, devil, Belial, Melkhiresha, Evil One, Angel of Darkness

 Found in books: Frey and Levison (2014) 228; Ruzer (2020) 219, 220


11.2. וְנָחָה עָלָיו רוּחַ יְהוָה רוּחַ חָכְמָה וּבִינָה רוּחַ עֵצָה וּגְבוּרָה רוּחַ דַּעַת וְיִרְאַת יְהוָה׃''. None
11.2. And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and might, The spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD.''. None
3. Anon., Jubilees, 1.16, 1.19-1.25, 10.3-10.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Belial traditions • Beliar

 Found in books: Frey and Levison (2014) 218; Garcia (2021) 194; Keener(2005) 194; Levison (2009) 304; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007) 35, 36, 37, 45, 269


1.16. And I will send witnesses unto them, that I may witness against them, but they will not hear, and will slay the witnesses also,
1.19. And they will forget all My law and all My commandments and all My judgments, and will go astray as to new moons, and sabbaths, and festivals, and jubilees, and ordices. 1.20. And after this they will turn to Me from amongst the Gentiles with all their heart and with all their soul and with all their strength, 1.21. and I shall gather them from amongst all the Gentiles, and they will seek Me, so that I shall be found of them, 1.22. when they seek Me with all their heart and with all their soul.rAnd I shall disclose to them abounding peace with righteousness, and I shall remove them the plant of uprightness, with all My heart and with all My soul, 1.23. and they will be for a blessing and not for a curse, and they will be the head and not the tail. 1.24. And I shall build My sanctuary in their midst, and I shall dwell with them, and I shall be their God and they will be My people in truth and righteousness. 1.25. And I shall not forsake them nor fail them; for I am the Lord their God."
10.3. And he prayed before the Lord his God, and said: God of the spirits of all flesh, who hast shown mercy unto me, And hast saved me and my sons from the waters of the flood, And hast not caused me to perish as Thou didst the sons of perdition; 10.4. For Thy grace hath been great towards me, And great hath been Thy mercy to my soul; 10.5. Let Thy grace be lift up upon my sons, 10.6. But do Thou bless me and my sons, that we may increase and multiply and replenish the earth.''. None
4. Anon., Testament of Asher, 1.8, 3.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Belial traditions

 Found in books: Keener(2005) 194; Stuckenbruck (2007) 167, 423


1.8. But if it incline to the evil inclination, all its actions are in wickedness, and it driveth away the good, and cleaveth to the evil, and is ruled by Beliar; even though it work what is good, he perverteth it to evil.
3.2. But from wickedness flee away, destroying the (evil) inclination by your good works; for they that are double-faced serve not God, but their own lusts, so that they may please Beliar and men like unto themselves.''. None
5. Anon., Testament of Naphtali, 2.6, 3.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Belial traditions • Beliar

 Found in books: Garcia (2021) 84, 168; Keener(2005) 194


2.6. As a man's strength, so also is his work; and as his mind, so also is his skill; and as his purpose, so also is his achievement; and as his heart, so also is his mouth; as his eye, so also is his sleep; as his soul, so also is his word, either in the law of the Lord or in the works of Beliar." '
3.1. Be ye, therefore, not eager to corrupt your doings through covetousness or with vain words to beguile your souls; because if ye keep silence in purity of heart, ye shall understand how to hold fast the will of God, and to cast away the will of Beliar.'". None
6. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 1.28 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial

 Found in books: Garcia (2021) 170; Stuckenbruck (2007) 167


1.28. Do not disobey the fear of the Lord;do not approach him with a divided mind.''. None
7. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Belial traditions • Beliar • Satan, Belial/Beliar • Satan, devil, Belial, Melkhiresha, Evil One, Angel of Darkness

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022) 27; Collins (2016) 191, 213; Crabb (2020) 98, 183, 229, 230, 290, 299; Keener(2005) 194; Levine Allison and Crossan (2006) 122; Levison (2009) 304; Ruzer (2020) 213


8. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Belial traditions • Beliar • Satan, Belial/Beliar • Satan, devil, Belial, Melkhiresha, Evil One, Angel of Darkness

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022) 27, 29; Collins (2016) 191, 192; Garcia (2021) 233; Keener(2005) 194; Levison (2009) 303; Ruzer (2020) 28, 213; Tellbe Wasserman and Nyman (2019) 50


9. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 3.63 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial traditions • Satan, Belial/Beliar

 Found in books: Collins (2016) 292; Keener(2005) 194


3.63. Endamage Rome. And perish shall all men,''. None
10. New Testament, Luke, 1.46-1.55 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial

 Found in books: Crabb (2020) 98; Frey and Levison (2014) 98


1.46. Καὶ εἶπεν Μαριάμ Μεγαλύνει ἡ ψυχή μου τὸν κύριον, 1.47. καὶ ἠγαλλίασεν τὸ πνεῦμά μου ἐπὶ τῷ θεῷ τῷ σωτῆρί μου· 1.48. ὅτι ἐπέβλεψεν ἐπὶ τὴν ταπείνωσιν τῆς δούλης αὐτοῦ, ἰδοὺ γὰρ ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν μακαριοῦσίν με πᾶσαι αἱ γενεαί· 1.49. ὅτι ἐποίησέν μοι μεγάλα ὁ δυνατός, καὶ ἅγιον τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, 1.50. καὶ τὸ ἔλεος αὐτοῦ εἰς γενεὰς καὶ γενεάς τοῖς φοβουμένοις αὐτόν. 1.51. Ἐποίησεν κράτος ἐν βραχίονι αὐτοῦ, διεσκόρπισεν ὑπερηφάνους διανοίᾳ καρδίας αὐτῶν· 1.52. καθεῖλεν δυνάστας ἀπὸ θρόνων καὶ ὕψωσεν ταπεινούς, 1.53. πεινῶντας ἐνέπλησεν ἀγαθῶν καὶ πλουτοῦντας ἐξαπέστειλεν κενούς. 1.54. ἀντελάβετο Ἰσραὴλ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ, μνησθῆναι ἐλέους, 1.55. καθὼς ἐλάλησεν πρὸς τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν, τῷ Ἀβραὰμ καὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα.''. None
1.46. Mary said, "My soul magnifies the Lord. 1.47. My spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior, 1.48. For he has looked at the humble state of his handmaid. For behold, from now on, all generations will call me blessed. 1.49. For he who is mighty has done great things for me. Holy is his name. 1.50. His mercy is for generations of generations on those who fear him. 1.51. He has shown strength with his arm. He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart. 1.52. He has put down princes from their thrones. And has exalted the lowly. 1.53. He has filled the hungry with good things. He has sent the rich away empty. 1.54. He has given help to Israel, his servant, that he might remember mercy, 1.55. As he spoke to our fathers, To Abraham and his seed forever."''. None
11. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Belial • Beliar • law, of Beliar

 Found in books: Garcia (2021) 83; Levison (2009) 284, 300, 304





Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.