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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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subject book bibliographic info
banished, by ptolemy ii, demetrius of phalerum Schliesser et al. (2021), Alexandria: Hub of the Hellenistic World. 84, 85
banishment Jassen (2014), Scripture and Law in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 244
Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 38, 39, 47, 69, 84, 157, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204
Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 184, 191, 292, 400, 508, 551, 710
Wilson (2010), Philo of Alexandria: On Virtues: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, 395
banishment, archelaus son of herod, of in Udoh (2006), To Caesar What Is Caesar's: Tribute, Taxes, and Imperial Administration in Early Roman Palestine 63 B.C.E to 70 B.C.E, 20
banishment, democracy, in athens, and Jouanna (2018), Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context, 631
banishment, herod antipas, deposition and of in 39 b.c.e. Udoh (2006), To Caesar What Is Caesar's: Tribute, Taxes, and Imperial Administration in Early Roman Palestine 63 B.C.E to 70 B.C.E, 154, 157
banishment, of archelaus by, augustus Udoh (2006), To Caesar What Is Caesar's: Tribute, Taxes, and Imperial Administration in Early Roman Palestine 63 B.C.E to 70 B.C.E, 155, 156, 157, 158
banishment, of greeks, cato, the elder, recommended Isaac (2004), The invention of racism in classical antiquity, 236, 386
banishment, of pantomimes Csapo et al. (2022), Theatre and Autocracy in the Ancient World, 107, 115, 125

List of validated texts:
87 validated results for "banishment"
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.3-3.6, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.10, 1.11, 1.16, 1.17, 1.18, 1.19, 1.20, 2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.10, 2.11, 2.14, 3, 3.4, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 13, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.9, 13.10, 13.11, 13.12, 13.13, 13.14, 13.15, 13.16, 13.17, 13.18, 14, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.12 (th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile • Banishment • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile, Babylonian • Exile, Trauma of • Exiles, Assyrian • Exiles, Babylonian • exile • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, in Assyria • exile, in Babylonia • exile, post-exile • self-exile

 Found in books: Allen and Doedens (2022), Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature 11, 104, 113, 118, 121, 123, 124, 129, 142; Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 141; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 290, 295, 301, 303, 304, 306; Gera (2014), Judith, 451; Johnson Dupertuis and Shea (2018), Reading and Teaching Ancient Fiction : Jewish, Christian, and Greco-Roman Narratives 176; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly, (2022), The Lord’s Prayer, 22; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 551; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 115; Toloni (2022), The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis, 4, 5, 8, 9, 70, 71, 72, 87, 94, 137, 146, 155, 180, 181

sup>
1.
1 The book of the acts of Tobit the son of Tobiel, son of Aiel, son of Aduel, son of Gabael, of the descendants of Asiel and the tribe of Naphtali,

1.
2
who in the days of Shalmaneser, king of the Assyrians, was taken into captivity from Thisbe, which is to the south of Kedesh Naphtali in Galilee above Asher.


1.
3
I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh.

1.4
Now when I was in my own country, in the land of Israel, while I was still a young man, the whole tribe of Naphtali my forefather deserted the house of Jerusalem. This was the place which had been chosen from among all the tribes of Israel, where all the tribes should sacrifice and where the temple of the dwelling of the Most High was consecrated and established for all generations for ever.

1.6
But I alone went often to Jerusalem for the feasts, as it is ordained for all Israel by an everlasting decree. Taking the first fruits and the tithes of my produce and the first shearings, I would give these to the priests, the sons of Aaron, at the altar.

1.7
of all my produce I would give a tenth to the sons of Levi who ministered at Jerusalem; a second tenth I would sell, and I would go and spend the proceeds each year at Jerusalem;

1.8
the third tenth I would give to those to whom it was my duty, as Deborah my fathers mother had commanded me, for I was left an orphan by my father.
1.
10
Now when I was carried away captive to Nineveh, all my brethren and my relatives ate the food of the Gentiles;
1.
1
1
but I kept myself from eating it,
1.
16
In the days of Shalmaneser I performed many acts of charity to my brethren.
1.
17
I would give my bread to the hungry and my clothing to the naked; and if I saw any one of my people dead and thrown out behind the wall of Nineveh, I would bury him.
1.
18
And if Sennacherib the king put to death any who came fleeing from Judea, I buried them secretly. For in his anger he put many to death. When the bodies were sought by the king, they were not found.
1.
19
Then one of the men of Nineveh went and informed the king about me, that I was burying them; so I hid myself. When I learned that I was being searched for, to be put to death, I left home in fear.


1.
20
Then all my property was confiscated and nothing was left to me except my wife Anna and my son Tobias.
1
The book of the acts of Tobit the son of Tobiel, son of Aiel, son of Aduel, son of Gabael, of the descendants of Asiel and the tribe of Naphtali,, who in the days of Shalmaneser, king of the Assyrians, was taken into captivity from Thisbe, which is to the south of Kedesh Naphtali in Galilee above Asher.,I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh., Now when I was in my own country, in the land of Israel, while I was still a young man, the whole tribe of Naphtali my forefather deserted the house of Jerusalem. This was the place which had been chosen from among all the tribes of Israel, where all the tribes should sacrifice and where the temple of the dwelling of the Most High was consecrated and established for all generations for ever.,All the tribes that joined in apostasy used to sacrifice to the calf Baal, and so did the house of Naphtali my forefather., But I alone went often to Jerusalem for the feasts, as it is ordained for all Israel by an everlasting decree. Taking the first fruits and the tithes of my produce and the first shearings, I would give these to the priests, the sons of Aaron, at the altar., of all my produce I would give a tenth to the sons of Levi who ministered at Jerusalem; a second tenth I would sell, and I would go and spend the proceeds each year at Jerusalem;, the third tenth I would give to those to whom it was my duty, as Deborah my fathers mother had commanded me, for I was left an orphan by my father., When I became a man I married Anna, a member of our family, and by her I became the father of Tobias.,Now when I was carried away captive to Nineveh, all my brethren and my relatives ate the food of the Gentiles;, but I kept myself from eating it,, because I remembered God with all my heart., Then the Most High gave me favor and good appearance in the sight of Shalmaneser, and I was his buyer of provisions., So I used to go into Media, and once at Rages in Media I left ten talents of silver in trust with Gabael, the brother of Gabrias., But when Shalmaneser died, Sennacherib his son reigned in his place; and under him the highways were unsafe, so that I could no longer go into Media.,In the days of Shalmaneser I performed many acts of charity to my brethren., I would give my bread to the hungry and my clothing to the naked; and if I saw any one of my people dead and thrown out behind the wall of Nineveh, I would bury him., And if Sennacherib the king put to death any who came fleeing from Judea, I buried them secretly. For in his anger he put many to death. When the bodies were sought by the king, they were not found., Then one of the men of Nineveh went and informed the king about me, that I was burying them; so I hid myself. When I learned that I was being searched for, to be put to death, I left home in fear., Then all my property was confiscated and nothing was left to me except my wife Anna and my son Tobias.,But not fifty days passed before two of Sennacheribs sons killed him, and they fled to the mountains of Ararat. Then Esarhaddon, his son, reigned in his place; and he appointed Ahikar, the son of my brother Anael, over all the accounts of his kingdom and over the entire administration., Ahikar interceded for me, and I returned to Nineveh. Now Ahikar was cupbearer, keeper of the signet, and in charge of administration of the accounts, for Esarhaddon had appointed him second to himself. He was my nephew.
2.
1
When I arrived home and my wife Anna and my son Tobias were restored to me, at the feast of Pentecost, which is the sacred festival of the seven weeks, a good dinner was prepared for me and I sat down to eat.
2.
2
Upon seeing the abundance of food I said to my son, "Go and bring whatever poor man of our brethren you may find who is mindful of the Lord, and I will wait for you."
2.
10
I did not know that there were sparrows on the wall and their fresh droppings fell into my open eyes and white films formed on my eyes. I went to physicians, but they did not help me. Ahikar, however, took care of me until he went to Elymais.
2.
1
1
Then my wife Anna earned money at womens work.
2.

14
And she said, "It was given to me as a gift in addition to my wages." But I did not believe her, and told her to return it to the owners; and I blushed for her. Then she replied to me, "Where are your charities and your righteous deeds? You seem to know everything!"
2
When I arrived home and my wife Anna and my son Tobias were restored to me, at the feast of Pentecost, which is the sacred festival of the seven weeks, a good dinner was prepared for me and I sat down to eat., Upon seeing the abundance of food I said to my son, "Go and bring whatever poor man of our brethren you may find who is mindful of the Lord, and I will wait for you.", But he came back and said, "Father, one of our people has been strangled and thrown into the market place.", So before I tasted anything I sprang up and removed the body to a place of shelter until sunset., And when I returned I washed myself and ate my food in sorrow., Then I remembered the prophecy of Amos, how he said, "Your feasts shall be turned into mourning, and all your festivities into lamentation." And I wept.,When the sun had set I went and dug a grave and buried the body., And my neighbors laughed at me and said, "He is no longer afraid that he will be put to death for doing this; he once ran away, and here he is burying the dead again!", On the same night I returned from burying him, and because I was defiled I slept by the wall of the courtyard, and my face was uncovered., I did not know that there were sparrows on the wall and their fresh droppings fell into my open eyes and white films formed on my eyes. I went to physicians, but they did not help me. Ahikar, however, took care of me until he went to Elymais.,Then my wife Anna earned money at womens work., She used to send the product to the owners. Once when they paid her wages, they also gave her a kid;, and when she returned to me it began to bleat. So I said to her, "Where did you get the kid? It is not stolen, is it? Return it to the owners; for it is not right to eat what is stolen.", And she said, "It was given to me as a gift in addition to my wages." But I did not believe her, and told her to return it to the owners; and I blushed for her. Then she replied to me, "Where are your charities and your righteous deeds? You seem to know everything!"

3.4
For they disobeyed thy commandments, and thou gavest us over to plunder, captivity, and death; thou madest us a byword of reproach in all the nations among which we have been dispersed.

3.7
On the same day, at Ecbatana in Media, it also happened that Sarah, the daughter of Raguel, was reproached by her fathers maids,

3.8
because she had been given to seven husbands, and the evil demon Asmodeus had slain each of them before he had been with her as his wife. So the maids said to her, "Do you not know that you strangle your husbands? You already have had seven and have had no benefit from any of them.

3.9
Why do you beat us? If they are dead, go with them! May we never see a son or daughter of yours!"
3.
10
When she heard these things she was deeply grieved, even to the thought of hanging herself. But she said, "I am the only child of my father; if I do this, it will be a disgrace to him, and I shall bring his old age down in sorrow to the grave.
3.
1
1
So she prayed by her window and said, "Blessed art thou, O Lord my God, and blessed is thy holy and honored name for ever. May all thy works praise thee for ever.
3.
1
2
And now, O Lord, I have turned my eyes and my face toward thee.
3.
1
3
Command that I be released from the earth and that I hear reproach no more.
3.

14
Thou knowest, O Lord, that I am innocent of any sin with man,
3.
15
and that I did not stain my name or the name of my father in the land of my captivity. I am my fathers only child, and he has no child to be his heir, no near kinsman or kinsmans son for whom I should keep myself as wife. Already seven husbands of mine are dead. Why should I live? But if it be not pleasing to thee to take my life, command that respect be shown to me and pity be taken upon me, and that I hear reproach no more."
3.
16
The prayer of both was heard in the presence of the glory of the great God.
3.
17
And Raphael was sent to heal the two of them: to scale away the white films of Tobits eyes; to give Sarah the daughter of Raguel in marriage to Tobias the son of Tobit, and to bind Asmodeus the evil demon, because Tobias was entitled to possess her. At that very moment Tobit returned and entered his house and Sarah the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper room.
3
Then in my grief I wept, and I prayed in anguish, saying,, "Righteous art thou, O Lord; all thy deeds and all they ways are mercy and truth, and thou dost render true and righteous judgment for ever., Remember me and look favorably upon me; do not punish me for my sins and for my unwitting offences and those which my fathers committed before thee., For they disobeyed thy commandments, and thou gavest us over to plunder, captivity, and death; thou madest us a byword of reproach in all the nations among which we have been dispersed., And now thy many judgments are true in exacting penalty from me for my sins and those of my fathers, because we did not keep thy commandments. For we did not walk in truth before thee., And now deal with me according to thy pleasure; command my spirit to be taken up, that I may depart and become dust. For it is better for me to die than to live, because I have heard false reproaches, and great is the sorrow within me. Command that I now be released from my distress to go to the eternal abode; do not turn thy face away from me.",On the same day, at Ecbatana in Media, it also happened that Sarah, the daughter of Raguel, was reproached by her fathers maids,, because she had been given to seven husbands, and the evil demon Asmodeus had slain each of them before he had been with her as his wife. So the maids said to her, "Do you not know that you strangle your husbands? You already have had seven and have had no benefit from any of them., Why do you beat us? If they are dead, go with them! May we never see a son or daughter of yours!",When she heard these things she was deeply grieved, even to the thought of hanging herself. But she said, "I am the only child of my father; if I do this, it will be a disgrace to him, and I shall bring his old age down in sorrow to the grave., So she prayed by her window and said, "Blessed art thou, O Lord my God, and blessed is thy holy and honored name for ever. May all thy works praise thee for ever., And now, O Lord, I have turned my eyes and my face toward thee., Command that I be released from the earth and that I hear reproach no more., Thou knowest, O Lord, that I am innocent of any sin with man,, and that I did not stain my name or the name of my father in the land of my captivity. I am my fathers only child, and he has no child to be his heir, no near kinsman or kinsmans son for whom I should keep myself as wife. Already seven husbands of mine are dead. Why should I live? But if it be not pleasing to thee to take my life, command that respect be shown to me and pity be taken upon me, and that I hear reproach no more.",The prayer of both was heard in the presence of the glory of the great God., And Raphael was sent to heal the two of them: to scale away the white films of Tobits eyes; to give Sarah the daughter of Raguel in marriage to Tobias the son of Tobit, and to bind Asmodeus the evil demon, because Tobias was entitled to possess her. At that very moment Tobit returned and entered his house and Sarah the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper room.
4.4
Remember, my son, that she faced many dangers for you while you were yet unborn. When she dies bury her beside me in the same grave.
4.5
Remember the Lord our God all your days, my son, and refuse to sin or to transgress his commandments. Live uprightly all the days of your life, and do not walk in the ways of wrongdoing.
4.6
For if you do what is true, your ways will prosper through your deeds.
4.7
Give alms from your possessions to all who live uprightly, and do not let your eye begrudge the gift when you make it. Do not turn your face away from any poor man, and the face of God will not be turned away from you.
4.8
If you have many possessions, make your gift from them in proportion; if few, do not be afraid to give according to the little you have.
4.9
So you will be laying up a good treasure for yourself against the day of necessity.' 4.
10
For charity delivers from death and keeps you from entering the darkness; 4.
1
1
and for all who practice it charity is an excellent offering in the presence of the Most High. 4.
1
2
Beware, my son, of all immorality. First of all take a wife from among the descendants of your fathers and do not marry a foreign woman, who is not of your fathers tribe; for we are the sons of the prophets. Remember, my son, that Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, our fathers of old, all took wives from among their brethren. They were blessed in their children, and their posterity will inherit the land. 4.
1
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So now, my son, love your brethren, and in your heart do not disdain your brethren and the sons and daughters of your people by refusing to take a wife for yourself from among them. For in pride there is ruin and great confusion; and in shiftlessness there is loss and great want, because shiftlessness is the mother of famine. 4.

14
Do not hold over till the next day the wages of any man who works for you, but pay him at once; and if you serve God you will receive payment. "Watch yourself, my son, in everything you do, and be disciplined in all your conduct. 4.
15
And what you hate, do not do to any one. Do not drink wine to excess or let drunkenness go with you on your way. 4.
16
Give of your bread to the hungry, and of your clothing to the naked. Give all your surplus to charity, and do not let your eye begrudge the gift when you made it. 4.
17
Place your bread on the grave of the righteous, but give none to sinners. 4.
18
Seek advice from every wise man, and do not despise any useful counsel. 4.
19
Bless the Lord God on every occasion; ask him that your ways may be made straight and that all your paths and plans may prosper. For none of the nations has understanding; but the Lord himself gives all good things, and according to his will he humbles whomever he wishes. "So, my son, remember my commands, and do not let them be blotted out of your mind. 4.
20
And now let me explain to you about the ten talents of silver which I left in trust with Gabael the son of Gabrias at Rages in Media.
1
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Acknowledge him before the nations, O sons of Israel;for he has scattered us among them.
1

3.4
Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever.
1
3.5
He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered.
1
3.6
If you turn to him with all your heart and with all your soul,to do what is true before him,then he will turn to you and will not hide his face from you. But see what he will do with you;give thanks to him with your full voice. Praise the Lord of righteousness,and exalt the King of the ages. I give him thanks in the land of my captivity,and I show his power and majesty to a nation of sinners. Turn back, you sinners, and do right before him;who knows if he will accept you and have mercy on you?
1

3.9
O Jerusalem, the holy city,he will afflict you for the deeds of your sons,but again he will show mercy to the sons of the righteous.
1
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Give thanks worthily to the Lord,and praise the King of the ages,that his tent may be raised for you again with joy. May he cheer those within you who are captives,and love those within you who are distressed,to all generations for ever.
1
3.
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Many nations will come from afar to the name of the Lord God,bearing gifts in their hands, gifts for the King of heaven. Generations of generations will give you joyful praise.
1
3.
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Cursed are all who hate you;blessed for ever will be all who love you.
1
3.
1
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Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous.
1
3.

14
How blessed are those who love you!They will rejoice in your peace. Blessed are those who grieved over all your afflictions;for they will rejoice for you upon seeing all your glory,and they will be made glad for ever.
1
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15
Let my soul praise God the great King.
1
3.
16
For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold.
1
3.
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The streets of Jerusalem will be paved with beryl and ruby and stones of Ophir;
1
3.
18
all her lanes will cry `Hallelujah! and will give praise,saying, `Blessed is God, who has exalted you for ever."
1
3
Then Tobit wrote a prayer of rejoicing, and said:"Blessed is God who lives for ever,and blessed is his kingdom., For he afflicts, and he shows mercy;he leads down to Hades, and brings up again,and there is no one who can escape his hand., Acknowledge him before the nations, O sons of Israel;for he has scattered us among them., Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever., He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered., If you turn to him with all your heart and with all your soul,to do what is true before him,then he will turn to you and will not hide his face from you. But see what he will do with you;give thanks to him with your full voice. Praise the Lord of righteousness,and exalt the King of the ages. I give him thanks in the land of my captivity,and I show his power and majesty to a nation of sinners. Turn back, you sinners, and do right before him;who knows if he will accept you and have mercy on you?, I exalt my God;my soul exalts the King of heaven,and will rejoice in his majesty., Let all men speak,and give him thanks in Jerusalem., O Jerusalem, the holy city,he will afflict you for the deeds of your sons,but again he will show mercy to the sons of the righteous., Give thanks worthily to the Lord,and praise the King of the ages,that his tent may be raised for you again with joy. May he cheer those within you who are captives,and love those within you who are distressed,to all generations for ever., Many nations will come from afar to the name of the Lord God,bearing gifts in their hands, gifts for the King of heaven. Generations of generations will give you joyful praise., Cursed are all who hate you;blessed for ever will be all who love you., Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous., How blessed are those who love you!They will rejoice in your peace. Blessed are those who grieved over all your afflictions;for they will rejoice for you upon seeing all your glory,and they will be made glad for ever., Let my soul praise God the great King., For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold., The streets of Jerusalem will be paved with beryl and ruby and stones of Ophir;, all her lanes will cry `Hallelujah! and will give praise,saying, `Blessed is God, who has exalted you for ever."

14.
3
When he had grown very old he called his son and grandsons, and said to him, "My son, take your sons; behold, I have grown old and am about to depart this life.
1
4.4
Go to Media, my son, for I fully believe what Jonah the prophet said about Nineveh, that it will be overthrown. But in Media there will be peace for a time. Our brethren will be scattered over the earth from the good land, and Jerusalem will be desolate. The house of God in it will be burned down and will be in ruins for a time.
1
4.5
But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it.
1
4.6
Then all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols.
1
4.7
All the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. And all who love the Lord God in truth and righteousness will rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren.
1
4.8
So now, my son, leave Nineveh, because what the prophet Jonah said will surely happen.
1
4.9
But keep the law and the commandments, and be merciful and just, so that it may be well with you.

14.
10
Bury me properly, and your mother with me. And do not live in Nineveh any longer. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him, how he brought him from light into darkness, and with what he repaid him. But Ahikar was saved, and the other received repayment as he himself went down into the darkness. Ahikar gave alms and escaped the deathtrap which Nadab had set for him; but Nadab fell into the trap and perished.

14.
1
1
So now, my children, consider what almsgiving accomplishes and how righteousness delivers." As he said this he died in his bed. He was a hundred and fifty-eight years old; and Tobias gave him a magnificent funeral.

14.
1
2
And when Anna died he buried her with his father. Then Tobias returned with his wife and his sons to Ecbatana, to Raguel his father-in-law.

14
Here Tobit ended his words of praise., He was fifty-eight years old when he lost his sight, and after eight years he regained it. He gave alms, and he continued to fear the Lord God and to praise him., When he had grown very old he called his son and grandsons, and said to him, "My son, take your sons; behold, I have grown old and am about to depart this life., Go to Media, my son, for I fully believe what Jonah the prophet said about Nineveh, that it will be overthrown. But in Media there will be peace for a time. Our brethren will be scattered over the earth from the good land, and Jerusalem will be desolate. The house of God in it will be burned down and will be in ruins for a time., But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it., Then all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols., All the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. And all who love the Lord God in truth and righteousness will rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren.,So now, my son, leave Nineveh, because what the prophet Jonah said will surely happen., But keep the law and the commandments, and be merciful and just, so that it may be well with you., Bury me properly, and your mother with me. And do not live in Nineveh any longer. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him, how he brought him from light into darkness, and with what he repaid him. But Ahikar was saved, and the other received repayment as he himself went down into the darkness. Ahikar gave alms and escaped the deathtrap which Nadab had set for him; but Nadab fell into the trap and perished., So now, my children, consider what almsgiving accomplishes and how righteousness delivers." As he said this he died in his bed. He was a hundred and fifty-eight years old; and Tobias gave him a magnificent funeral., And when Anna died he buried her with his father. Then Tobias returned with his wife and his sons to Ecbatana, to Raguel his father-in-law., He grew old with honor, and he gave his father-in-law and mother-in-law magnificent funerals. He inherited their property and that of his father Tobit., He died in Ecbatana of Media at the age of a hundred and twenty-seven years., But before he died he heard of the destruction of Nineveh, which Nebuchadnezzar and Ahasuerus had captured. Before his death he rejoiced over Nineveh. ' None
2. None, None, nan (th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Exile, Babylonian • Exile, Trauma of • Time, Exilic • exile

 Found in books: Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 2, 31, 32, 33, 34; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly, (2022), The Lord’s Prayer, 22; Lieu (2004), Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World, 218

3. Hebrew Bible, Song of Songs, 2.9, 4.8, 5.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonia, exile in • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Shekhinah, Exile of • YHWH, in exile with Israel • Zion, exiles return to • exile, Gods presence in • exile, concept of • exile, in Shivata Shir ha-Shirim • exile, planting imagery of • exile, return from • temple in Jerusalem, exiles return to

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 135, 154, 158, 351, 352, 365; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 168; Lieber (2014), A Vocabulary of Desire: The Song of Songs in the Early Synagogue, 206; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 131, 132, 140

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2.9 דּוֹמֶה דוֹדִי לִצְבִי אוֹ לְעֹפֶר הָאַיָּלִים הִנֵּה־זֶה עוֹמֵד אַחַר כָּתְלֵנוּ מַשְׁגִּיחַ מִן־הַחֲלֹּנוֹת מֵצִיץ מִן־הַחֲרַכִּים׃
4.8
אִתִּי מִלְּבָנוֹן כַּלָּה אִתִּי מִלְּבָנוֹן תָּבוֹאִי תָּשׁוּרִי מֵרֹאשׁ אֲמָנָה מֵרֹאשׁ שְׂנִיר וְחֶרְמוֹן מִמְּעֹנוֹת אֲרָיוֹת מֵהַרְרֵי נְמֵרִים׃
5.2
אֲנִי יְשֵׁנָה וְלִבִּי עֵר קוֹל דּוֹדִי דוֹפֵק פִּתְחִי־לִי אֲחֹתִי רַעְיָתִי יוֹנָתִי תַמָּתִי שֶׁרֹּאשִׁי נִמְלָא־טָל קְוֻּצּוֹתַי רְסִיסֵי לָיְלָה׃'' None
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2.9 My beloved is like a gazelle or a young hart; Behold, he standeth behind our wall, He looketh in through the windows, He peereth through the lattice.
4.8
Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, With me from Lebanon; Look from the top of Amana, From the top of Senir and Hermon, From the lions’dens, From the mountains of the leopards.
5.2
I sleep, but my heart waketh; Hark! my beloved knocketh: ‘Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled; For my head is filled with dew, My locks with the drops of the night.’'' None
4. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 12.5, 17.16, 17.18-17.20, 18.15, 18.21-18.22, 26.5-26.10, 28.63-28.64, 29.22, 29.27, 30.1-30.10, 31.9, 31.29, 32.1-32.43 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian exile • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile/Exilic • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Jeremiah, book of, on Gods presence in exile • Judaism, Post-exilic • Shekhinah, Exile of • banishment • exile • exile, Babylonian • exile, Gods presence in • exile, Land of Israel and • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, in Assyria • exile, the supernatural in • self-exile • shepherds of the exile

 Found in books: Albrecht (2014), The Divine Father: Religious and Philosophical Concepts of Divine Parenthood in Antiquity, 76, 121; Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 141; Balberg (2023), Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture, 217; DeJong (2022), A Prophet like Moses (Deut 18:15, 18): The Origin, History, and Influence of the Mosaic Prophetic Succession, 77, 81, 85, 86, 141; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 135, 139, 154, 181, 195, 222, 310, 351, 352, 363; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 95, 299; Gera (2014), Judith, 144, 188, 201, 208, 209, 210, 213, 223; Jassen (2014), Scripture and Law in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 244; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 66, 170, 171, 172; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160; Lieu (2004), Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World, 216; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 23; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 6, 278, 399; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 94; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 268; Toloni (2022), The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis, 71; Westwood (2023), Moses among the Greek Lawgivers: Reading Josephus’ Antiquities through Plutarch’s Lives. 220; Zawanowska and Wilk (2022), The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam: Warrior, Poet, Prophet and King, 133

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12.5 כִּי אִם־אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם מִכָּל־שִׁבְטֵיכֶם לָשׂוּם אֶת־שְׁמוֹ שָׁם לְשִׁכְנוֹ תִדְרְשׁוּ וּבָאתָ שָׁמָּה׃
17.16
רַק לֹא־יַרְבֶּה־לּוֹ סוּסִים וְלֹא־יָשִׁיב אֶת־הָעָם מִצְרַיְמָה לְמַעַן הַרְבּוֹת סוּס וַיהוָה אָמַר לָכֶם לֹא תֹסִפוּן לָשׁוּב בַּדֶּרֶךְ הַזֶּה עוֹד׃
17.18
וְהָיָה כְשִׁבְתּוֹ עַל כִּסֵּא מַמְלַכְתּוֹ וְכָתַב לוֹ אֶת־מִשְׁנֵה הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת עַל־סֵפֶר מִלִּפְנֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם׃ 17.19 וְהָיְתָה עִמּוֹ וְקָרָא בוֹ כָּל־יְמֵי חַיָּיו לְמַעַן יִלְמַד לְיִרְאָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהָיו לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת וְאֶת־הַחֻקִּים הָאֵלֶּה לַעֲשֹׂתָם׃' 18.15 נָבִיא מִקִּרְבְּךָ מֵאַחֶיךָ כָּמֹנִי יָקִים לְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֵלָיו תִּשְׁמָעוּן׃
18.21
וְכִי תֹאמַר בִּלְבָבֶךָ אֵיכָה נֵדַע אֶת־הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר לֹא־דִבְּרוֹ יְהוָה׃ 18.22 אֲשֶׁר יְדַבֵּר הַנָּבִיא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה הַדָּבָר וְלֹא יָבוֹא הוּא הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר לֹא־דִבְּרוֹ יְהוָה בְּזָדוֹן דִּבְּרוֹ הַנָּבִיא לֹא תָגוּר מִמֶּנּוּ׃
26.5
וְעָנִיתָ וְאָמַרְתָּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֲרַמִּי אֹבֵד אָבִי וַיֵּרֶד מִצְרַיְמָה וַיָּגָר שָׁם בִּמְתֵי מְעָט וַיְהִי־שָׁם לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל עָצוּם וָרָב׃ 26.6 וַיָּרֵעוּ אֹתָנוּ הַמִּצְרִים וַיְעַנּוּנוּ וַיִּתְּנוּ עָלֵינוּ עֲבֹדָה קָשָׁה׃ 26.7 וַנִּצְעַק אֶל־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתֵינוּ וַיִּשְׁמַע יְהוָה אֶת־קֹלֵנוּ וַיַּרְא אֶת־עָנְיֵנוּ וְאֶת־עֲמָלֵנוּ וְאֶת־לַחֲצֵנוּ׃ 26.8 וַיּוֹצִאֵנוּ יְהוָה מִמִּצְרַיִם בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְמֹרָא גָּדֹל וּבְאֹתוֹת וּבְמֹפְתִים׃ 26.9 וַיְבִאֵנוּ אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה וַיִּתֶּן־לָנוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבָשׁ׃
28.63
וְהָיָה כַּאֲשֶׁר־שָׂשׂ יְהוָה עֲלֵיכֶם לְהֵיטִיב אֶתְכֶם וּלְהַרְבּוֹת אֶתְכֶם כֵּן יָשִׂישׂ יְהוָה עֲלֵיכֶם לְהַאֲבִיד אֶתְכֶם וּלְהַשְׁמִיד אֶתְכֶם וְנִסַּחְתֶּם מֵעַל הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 28.64 וֶהֱפִיצְךָ יְהוָה בְּכָל־הָעַמִּים מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ וְעַד־קְצֵה הָאָרֶץ וְעָבַדְתָּ שָּׁם אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדַעְתָּ אַתָּה וַאֲבֹתֶיךָ עֵץ וָאָבֶן׃
29.22
גָּפְרִית וָמֶלַח שְׂרֵפָה כָל־אַרְצָהּ לֹא תִזָּרַע וְלֹא תַצְמִחַ וְלֹא־יַעֲלֶה בָהּ כָּל־עֵשֶׂב כְּמַהְפֵּכַת סְדֹם וַעֲמֹרָה אַדְמָה וצביים וּצְבוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הָפַךְ יְהוָה בְּאַפּוֹ וּבַחֲמָתוֹ׃
29.27
וַיִּתְּשֵׁם יְהוָה מֵעַל אַדְמָתָם בְּאַף וּבְחֵמָה וּבְקֶצֶף גָּדוֹל וַיַּשְׁלִכֵם אֶל־אֶרֶץ אַחֶרֶת כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃
30.1
וְהָיָה כִי־יָבֹאוּ עָלֶיךָ כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ וַהֲשֵׁבֹתָ אֶל־לְבָבֶךָ בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִדִּיחֲךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָׁמָּה׃
30.1
כִּי תִשְׁמַע בְּקוֹל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֺתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו הַכְּתוּבָה בְּסֵפֶר הַתּוֹרָה הַזֶּה כִּי תָשׁוּב אֶל־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶׁךָ׃ 30.2 וְשַׁבְתָּ עַד־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְשָׁמַעְתָּ בְקֹלוֹ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶׁךָ׃ 30.2 לְאַהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹעַ בְּקֹלוֹ וּלְדָבְקָה־בוֹ כִּי הוּא חַיֶּיךָ וְאֹרֶךְ יָמֶיךָ לָשֶׁבֶת עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע יְהוָה לַאֲבֹתֶיךָ לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּלְיַעֲקֹב לָתֵת לָהֶם׃ 30.3 וְשָׁב יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־שְׁבוּתְךָ וְרִחֲמֶךָ וְשָׁב וְקִבֶּצְךָ מִכָּל־הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר הֱפִיצְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָׁמָּה׃ 30.4 אִם־יִהְיֶה נִדַּחֲךָ בִּקְצֵה הַשָּׁמָיִם מִשָּׁם יְקַבֶּצְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וּמִשָּׁם יִקָּחֶךָ׃ 30.5 וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ וִירִשְׁתָּהּ וְהֵיטִבְךָ וְהִרְבְּךָ מֵאֲבֹתֶיךָ׃ 30.6 וּמָל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־לְבָבְךָ וְאֶת־לְבַב זַרְעֶךָ לְאַהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשְׁךָ לְמַעַן חַיֶּיךָ׃ 30.7 וְנָתַן יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הָאָלוֹת הָאֵלֶּה עַל־אֹיְבֶיךָ וְעַל־שֹׂנְאֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר רְדָפוּךָ׃ 30.8 וְאַתָּה תָשׁוּב וְשָׁמַעְתָּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָה וְעָשִׂיתָ אֶת־כָּל־מִצְוֺתָיו אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם׃ 30.9 וְהוֹתִירְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכֹל מַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶךָ בִּפְרִי בִטְנְךָ וּבִפְרִי בְהֶמְתְּךָ וּבִפְרִי אַדְמָתְךָ לְטוֹבָה כִּי יָשׁוּב יְהוָה לָשׂוּשׂ עָלֶיךָ לְטוֹב כַּאֲשֶׁר־שָׂשׂ עַל־אֲבֹתֶיךָ׃
31.9
וַיִּכְתֹּב מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת וַיִּתְּנָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי לֵוִי הַנֹּשְׂאִים אֶת־אֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהוָה וְאֶל־כָּל־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃
31.29
כִּי יָדַעְתִּי אַחֲרֵי מוֹתִי כִּי־הַשְׁחֵת תַּשְׁחִתוּן וְסַרְתֶּם מִן־הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אֶתְכֶם וְקָרָאת אֶתְכֶם הָרָעָה בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים כִּי־תַעֲשׂוּ אֶת־הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה לְהַכְעִיסוֹ בְּמַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵיכֶם׃
32.1
הַאֲזִינוּ הַשָּׁמַיִם וַאֲדַבֵּרָה וְתִשְׁמַע הָאָרֶץ אִמְרֵי־פִי׃
32.1
יִמְצָאֵהוּ בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר וּבְתֹהוּ יְלֵל יְשִׁמֹן יְסֹבְבֶנְהוּ יְבוֹנְנֵהוּ יִצְּרֶנְהוּ כְּאִישׁוֹן עֵינוֹ׃ 32.2 וַיֹּאמֶר אַסְתִּירָה פָנַי מֵהֶם אֶרְאֶה מָה אַחֲרִיתָם כִּי דוֹר תַּהְפֻּכֹת הֵמָּה בָּנִים לֹא־אֵמֻן בָּם׃ 32.2 יַעֲרֹף כַּמָּטָר לִקְחִי תִּזַּל כַּטַּל אִמְרָתִי כִּשְׂעִירִם עֲלֵי־דֶשֶׁא וְכִרְבִיבִים עֲלֵי־עֵשֶׂב׃ 32.3 אֵיכָה יִרְדֹּף אֶחָד אֶלֶף וּשְׁנַיִם יָנִיסוּ רְבָבָה אִם־לֹא כִּי־צוּרָם מְכָרָם וַיהוָה הִסְגִּירָם׃ 32.3 כִּי שֵׁם יְהוָה אֶקְרָא הָבוּ גֹדֶל לֵאלֹהֵינוּ׃ 32.4 הַצּוּר תָּמִים פָּעֳלוֹ כִּי כָל־דְּרָכָיו מִשְׁפָּט אֵל אֱמוּנָה וְאֵין עָוֶל צַדִּיק וְיָשָׁר הוּא׃ 32.4 כִּי־אֶשָּׂא אֶל־שָׁמַיִם יָדִי וְאָמַרְתִּי חַי אָנֹכִי לְעֹלָם׃ 32.5 וּמֻת בָּהָר אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹלֶה שָׁמָּה וְהֵאָסֵף אֶל־עַמֶּיךָ כַּאֲשֶׁר־מֵת אַהֲרֹן אָחִיךָ בְּהֹר הָהָר וַיֵּאָסֶף אֶל־עַמָּיו׃ 32.5 שִׁחֵת לוֹ לֹא בָּנָיו מוּמָם דּוֹר עִקֵּשׁ וּפְתַלְתֹּל׃ 32.6 הֲ־לַיְהוָה תִּגְמְלוּ־זֹאת עַם נָבָל וְלֹא חָכָם הֲלוֹא־הוּא אָבִיךָ קָּנֶךָ הוּא עָשְׂךָ וַיְכֹנְנֶךָ׃ 32.7 זְכֹר יְמוֹת עוֹלָם בִּינוּ שְׁנוֹת דּוֹר־וָדוֹר שְׁאַל אָבִיךָ וְיַגֵּדְךָ זְקֵנֶיךָ וְיֹאמְרוּ לָךְ׃ 32.8 בְּהַנְחֵל עֶלְיוֹן גּוֹיִם בְּהַפְרִידוֹ בְּנֵי אָדָם יַצֵּב גְּבֻלֹת עַמִּים לְמִסְפַּר בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 32.9 כִּי חֵלֶק יְהֹוָה עַמּוֹ יַעֲקֹב חֶבֶל נַחֲלָתוֹ׃
32.11
כְּנֶשֶׁר יָעִיר קִנּוֹ עַל־גּוֹזָלָיו יְרַחֵף יִפְרֹשׂ כְּנָפָיו יִקָּחֵהוּ יִשָּׂאֵהוּ עַל־אֶבְרָתוֹ׃
32.12
יְהוָה בָּדָד יַנְחֶנּוּ וְאֵין עִמּוֹ אֵל נֵכָר׃
32.13
יַרְכִּבֵהוּ עַל־במותי בָּמֳתֵי אָרֶץ וַיֹּאכַל תְּנוּבֹת שָׂדָי וַיֵּנִקֵהוּ דְבַשׁ מִסֶּלַע וְשֶׁמֶן מֵחַלְמִישׁ צוּר׃
32.14
חֶמְאַת בָּקָר וַחֲלֵב צֹאן עִם־חֵלֶב כָּרִים וְאֵילִים בְּנֵי־בָשָׁן וְעַתּוּדִים עִם־חֵלֶב כִּלְיוֹת חִטָּה וְדַם־עֵנָב תִּשְׁתֶּה־חָמֶר׃
32.15
וַיִּשְׁמַן יְשֻׁרוּן וַיִּבְעָט שָׁמַנְתָּ עָבִיתָ כָּשִׂיתָ וַיִּטֹּשׁ אֱלוֹהַ עָשָׂהוּ וַיְנַבֵּל צוּר יְשֻׁעָתוֹ׃
32.16
יַקְנִאֻהוּ בְּזָרִים בְּתוֹעֵבֹת יַכְעִיסֻהוּ׃
32.17
יִזְבְּחוּ לַשֵּׁדִים לֹא אֱלֹהַ אֱלֹהִים לֹא יְדָעוּם חֲדָשִׁים מִקָּרֹב בָּאוּ לֹא שְׂעָרוּם אֲבֹתֵיכֶם׃
32.18
צוּר יְלָדְךָ תֶּשִׁי וַתִּשְׁכַּח אֵל מְחֹלְלֶךָ׃
32.19
וַיַּרְא יְהוָה וַיִּנְאָץ מִכַּעַס בָּנָיו וּבְנֹתָיו׃ 32.21 הֵם קִנְאוּנִי בְלֹא־אֵל כִּעֲסוּנִי בְּהַבְלֵיהֶם וַאֲנִי אַקְנִיאֵם בְּלֹא־עָם בְּגוֹי נָבָל אַכְעִיסֵם׃ 32.22 כִּי־אֵשׁ קָדְחָה בְאַפִּי וַתִּיקַד עַד־שְׁאוֹל תַּחְתִּית וַתֹּאכַל אֶרֶץ וִיבֻלָהּ וַתְּלַהֵט מוֹסְדֵי הָרִים׃ 32.23 אַסְפֶּה עָלֵימוֹ רָעוֹת חִצַּי אֲכַלֶּה־בָּם׃ 32.24 מְזֵי רָעָב וּלְחֻמֵי רֶשֶׁף וְקֶטֶב מְרִירִי וְשֶׁן־בְּהֵמוֹת אֲשַׁלַּח־בָּם עִם־חֲמַת זֹחֲלֵי עָפָר׃ 32.25 מִחוּץ תְּשַׁכֶּל־חֶרֶב וּמֵחֲדָרִים אֵימָה גַּם־בָּחוּר גַּם־בְּתוּלָה יוֹנֵק עִם־אִישׁ שֵׂיבָה׃ 32.26 אָמַרְתִּי אַפְאֵיהֶם אַשְׁבִּיתָה מֵאֱנוֹשׁ זִכְרָם׃ 32.27 לוּלֵי כַּעַס אוֹיֵב אָגוּר פֶּן־יְנַכְּרוּ צָרֵימוֹ פֶּן־יֹאמְרוּ יָדֵינוּ רָמָה וְלֹא יְהוָה פָּעַל כָּל־זֹאת׃ 32.28 כִּי־גוֹי אֹבַד עֵצוֹת הֵמָּה וְאֵין בָּהֶם תְּבוּנָה׃ 32.29 לוּ חָכְמוּ יַשְׂכִּילוּ זֹאת יָבִינוּ לְאַחֲרִיתָם׃ 32.31 כִּי לֹא כְצוּרֵנוּ צוּרָם וְאֹיְבֵינוּ פְּלִילִים׃ 32.32 כִּי־מִגֶּפֶן סְדֹם גַּפְנָם וּמִשַּׁדְמֹת עֲמֹרָה עֲנָבֵמוֹ עִנְּבֵי־רוֹשׁ אַשְׁכְּלֹת מְרֹרֹת לָמוֹ׃ 32.33 חֲמַת תַּנִּינִם יֵינָם וְרֹאשׁ פְּתָנִים אַכְזָר׃ 32.34 הֲלֹא־הוּא כָּמֻס עִמָּדִי חָתֻם בְּאוֹצְרֹתָי׃ 32.35 לִי נָקָם וְשִׁלֵּם לְעֵת תָּמוּט רַגְלָם כִּי קָרוֹב יוֹם אֵידָם וְחָשׁ עֲתִדֹת לָמוֹ׃ 32.36 כִּי־יָדִין יְהוָה עַמּוֹ וְעַל־עֲבָדָיו יִתְנֶחָם כִּי יִרְאֶה כִּי־אָזְלַת יָד וְאֶפֶס עָצוּר וְעָזוּב׃ 32.37 וְאָמַר אֵי אֱלֹהֵימוֹ צוּר חָסָיוּ בוֹ׃ 32.38 אֲשֶׁר חֵלֶב זְבָחֵימוֹ יֹאכֵלוּ יִשְׁתּוּ יֵין נְסִיכָם יָקוּמוּ וְיַעְזְרֻכֶם יְהִי עֲלֵיכֶם סִתְרָה׃ 32.39 רְאוּ עַתָּה כִּי אֲנִי אֲנִי הוּא וְאֵין אֱלֹהִים עִמָּדִי אֲנִי אָמִית וַאֲחַיֶּה מָחַצְתִּי וַאֲנִי אֶרְפָּא וְאֵין מִיָּדִי מַצִּיל׃ 32.41 אִם־שַׁנּוֹתִי בְּרַק חַרְבִּי וְתֹאחֵז בְּמִשְׁפָּט יָדִי אָשִׁיב נָקָם לְצָרָי וְלִמְשַׂנְאַי אֲשַׁלֵּם׃ 32.42 אַשְׁכִּיר חִצַּי מִדָּם וְחַרְבִּי תֹּאכַל בָּשָׂר מִדַּם חָלָל וְשִׁבְיָה מֵרֹאשׁ פַּרְעוֹת אוֹיֵב׃ 32.43 הַרְנִינוּ גוֹיִם עַמּוֹ כִּי דַם־עֲבָדָיו יִקּוֹם וְנָקָם יָשִׁיב לְצָרָיו וְכִפֶּר אַדְמָתוֹ עַמּוֹ׃'' None
sup>
12.5 But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put His name there, even unto His habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come; 12 Thou shalt not eat it; that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD.,But when ye go over the Jordan, and dwell in the land which the LORD your God causeth you to inherit, and He giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety;,but in the place which the LORD shall choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt offer thy burnt-offerings, and there thou shalt do all that I command thee.,for ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance, which the LORD your God giveth thee.,but thou shalt eat them before the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite that is within thy gates; and thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God in all that thou puttest thy hand unto.,take heed to thyself that thou be not ensnared to follow them, after that they are destroyed from before thee; and that thou inquire not after their gods, saying: ‘How used these nations to serve their gods? even so will I do likewise.’,Ye shall not do so unto the LORD your God.,Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon thy land.,Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh within all thy gates, after all the desire of thy soul, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which He hath given thee; the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the gazelle, and as of the hart.,Ye shall not do after all that we do here this day, every man whatsoever is right in his own eyes;,and thither ye shall bring your burnt-offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and the offering of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill-offerings, and the firstlings of your herd and of your flock;,Only thy holy things which thou hast, and thy vows, thou shalt take, and go unto the place which the LORD shall choose;,Thou shalt not eat it; thou shalt pour it out upon the earth as water.,And ye shall break down their altars, and dash in pieces their pillars, and burn their Asherim with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods; and ye shall destroy their name out of that place.,When the LORD thy God shall enlarge thy border, as He hath promised thee, and thou shalt say: ‘I will eat flesh’, because thy soul desireth to eat flesh; thou mayest eat flesh, after all the desire of thy soul.,then it shall come to pass that the place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there, thither shall ye bring all that I command you: your burnt-offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD.,These are the statutes and the ordices, which ye shall observe to do in the land which the LORD, the God of thy fathers, hath given thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth.,and thou shalt offer thy burnt-offerings, the flesh and the blood, upon the altar of the LORD thy God; and the blood of thy sacrifices shall be poured out against the altar of the LORD thy God, and thou shalt eat the flesh.,Observe and hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee for ever, when thou doest that which is good and right in the eyes of the LORD thy God.,Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God; for every abomination to the LORD, which He hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters do they burn in the fire to their gods.,And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your men-servants, and your maid-servants, and the Levite that is within your gates, forasmuch as he hath no portion nor inheritance with you.,When the LORD thy God shall cut off the nations from before thee, whither thou goest in to dispossess them, and thou dispossessest them, and dwellest in their land;,and there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee.,Take heed to thyself that thou offer not thy burnt-offerings in every place that thou seest;,Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thine oil, or the firstlings of thy herd or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill-offerings, nor the offering of thy hand;,But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put His name there, even unto His habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come;,If the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to put His name there be too far from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock, which the LORD hath given thee, as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat within thy gates, after all the desire of thy soul.,Ye shall surely destroy all the places, wherein the nations that ye are to dispossess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every leafy tree.,Only be stedfast in not eating the blood; for the blood is the life; and thou shalt not eat the life with the flesh.,Only ye shall not eat the blood; thou shalt pour it out upon the earth as water.,Howbeit as the gazelle and as the hart is eaten, so thou shalt eat thereof; the unclean and the clean may eat thereof alike.17.16 Only he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses; forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you: ‘Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.’
17.18
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites. 17.19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life; that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them; 17.20 that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left; to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.
18.15
A prophet will the LORD thy God raise up unto thee, from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;
18.21
And if thou say in thy heart: ‘How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken?’ 18.22 When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken; the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously, thou shalt not be afraid of him.
26.5
And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God: ‘A wandering Aramean was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, few in number; and he became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous. 26.6 And the Egyptians dealt ill with us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage. 26.7 And we cried unto the LORD, the God of our fathers, and the LORD heard our voice, and saw our affliction, and our toil, and our oppression. 26.8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders. 26.9 And He hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. 26.10 And now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the land, which Thou, O LORD, hast given me.’ And thou shalt set it down before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God. 27 Cursed be he that perverteth the justice due to the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say: Amen.,And thou shalt sacrifice peace-offerings, and shalt eat there; and thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God.,Cursed be he that lieth with his mother-in-law. And all the people shall say: Amen.,Thou shalt therefore hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and do His commandments and His statutes, which I command thee this day.’,And Moses and the priests the Levites spoke unto all Israel, saying: ‘Keep silence, and hear, O Israel; this day thou art become a people unto the LORD thy God.,And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.’,Cursed be the man that maketh a graven or molten image, an abomination unto the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and setteth it up in secret. And all the people shall answer and say: Amen.,Cursed be he that lieth with his father’s wife; because he hath uncovered his father’s skirt. And all the people shall say: Amen. .,and these shall stand upon mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.,Cursed be he that smiteth his neighbour in secret. And all the people shall say: Amen.,And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over; that thou mayest go in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the LORD, the God of thy fathers, hath promised thee.,Cursed be he that lieth with any manner of beast. And all the people shall say: Amen.,And the Levites shall speak, and say unto all the men of Israel with a loud voice:,Cursed be he that removeth his neighbour’s landmark. And all the people shall say: Amen.,And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over the Jordan unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaster them with plaster.,And Moses charged the people the same day, saying:,Cursed be he that dishonoureth his father or his mother. And all the people shall say: Amen.,Cursed be he that confirmeth not the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say: Amen.’,And Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying: ‘Keep all the commandment which I command you this day.,And it shall be when ye are passed over the Jordan, that ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shalt plaster them with plaster.,’These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are passed over the Jordan: Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin;,Cursed be he that maketh the blind to go astray in the way. And all the people shall say: Amen.,Cursed be he that taketh a bribe to slay an innocent person. And all the people shall say: Amen.,And there shalt thou build an altar unto the LORD thy God, an altar of stones; thou shalt lift up no iron tool upon them.,Cursed be he that lieth with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother. And all the people shall say: Amen.,Thou shalt build the altar of the LORD thy God of unhewn stones; and thou shalt offer burnt-offerings thereon unto the LORD thy God.
28.63
And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to cause you to perish, and to destroy you; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest in to possess it. 28.64 And the LORD shall scatter thee among all peoples, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou nor thy fathers, even wood and stone. 28 And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to cause you to perish, and to destroy you; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest in to possess it.,then the LORD will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance.,Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field.,Blessed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and blessed shalt thou be when thou goest out.,And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy ground, until thou be destroyed; that also shall not leave thee corn, wine, or oil, the increase of thy kine, or the young of thy flock, until he have caused thee to perish.,And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all His commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all the nations of the earth.,Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather little in; for the locust shall consume it.,But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee.,And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.,The LORD will make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until He have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest in to possess it.,All thy trees and the fruit of thy land shall the locust possess.,so that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat, because he hath nothing left him; in the siege and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall straiten thee in all thy gates.,And He will bring back upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast in dread of; and they shall cleave unto thee.,The LORD will smite thee with consumption, and with fever, and with inflammation, and with fiery heat, and with drought, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.,The LORD will smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore boil, whereof thou canst not be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the crown of thy head.,The LORD will open unto thee His good treasure the heaven to give the rain of thy land in its season, and to bless all the work of thy hand; and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow.,And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters whom the LORD thy God hath given thee; in the siege and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall straiten thee.,These are the words of the covet which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covet which He made with them in Horeb.,And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not make thy ways prosperous; and thou shalt be only oppressed and robbed alway, and there shall be none to save thee.,The LORD will send upon thee cursing, discomfiture, and rebuke, in all that thou puttest thy hand unto to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the evil of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken Me.,Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but they shall not be thine; for they shall go into captivity.,The stranger that is in the midst of thee shall mount up above thee higher and higher; and thou shalt come down lower and lower.,And all these blessings shall come upon thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God.,Blessed shalt thou be in the city, and blessed shalt thou be in the field.,The LORD will bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as the vulture swoopeth down; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand;,and against her afterbirth that cometh out from between her feet, and against her children whom she shall bear; for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly; in the siege and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall straiten thee in thy gates.,Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day; and there shall be nought in the power of thy hand.,and shalt not turn aside from any of the words which I command you this day, to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them. .,And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear night and day, and shalt have no assurance of thy life.,The LORD will smite thee with madness, and with blindness, and with astonishment of heart.,And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all the peoples whither the LORD shall lead thee away.,a nation of fierce countece, that shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favour to the young.,And all the peoples of the earth shall see that the name of the LORD is called upon thee; and they shall be afraid of thee.,Thou shalt plant vineyards and dress them, but thou shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worm shall eat them.,Thou shalt have olive-trees throughout all thy borders, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olives shall drop off.,In the morning thou shalt say: ‘Would it were even! ’ and at even thou shalt say: ‘Would it were morning! ’ for the fear of thy heart which thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.,And among these nations shalt thou have no repose, and there shall be no rest for the sole of thy foot; but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and languishing of soul.,And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever;,Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof; thine ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee; thy sheep shall be given unto thine enemies; and thou shalt have none to save thee.,Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.,The LORD will establish thee for a holy people unto Himself, as He hath sworn unto thee; if thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk in His ways.,The LORD will cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies; thou shalt go out one way against them, and shalt flee seven ways before them; and thou shalt be a horror unto all the kingdoms of the earth.,Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the young of thy flock.,The LORD will command the blessing with thee in thy barns, and in all that thou puttest thy hand unto; and He will bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.,And all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou didst not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which He commanded thee.,Cursed shall be thy basket and thy kneading-trough.,because thou didst not serve the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, by reason of the abundance of all things;,The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed away:,The LORD will make the rain of thy land powder and dust; from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.,The LORD will bring thee, and thy king whom thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation that thou hast not known, thou nor thy fathers; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone.,so that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.,He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him; he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail.,And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fortified walls come down, wherein thou didst trust, throughout all thy land; and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.,The LORD will cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thee; they shall come out against thee one way, and shall flee before thee seven ways.,Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out.,Blessed shall be thy basket and thy kneading-trough.,And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou didst not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God.,And the LORD shall bring thee back into Egypt in ships, by the way whereof I said unto thee: ‘Thou shalt see it no more again’; and there ye shall sell yourselves unto your enemies for bondmen and for bondwoman, and no man shall buy you.,And the LORD will make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if thou shalt hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them;,The LORD will smite thee with the boil of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not be healed.,therefore shalt thou serve thine enemy whom the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things; and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee.,Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her; thou shalt build a house, and thou shalt not dwell therein; thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not use the fruit thereof.,The man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil against his brother, and against the wife of his bosom, and against the remt of his children whom he hath remaining;,Blessed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the young of thy flock.,The tender and delicate woman among you, who would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil against the husband of her bosom, and against her son, and against her daughter;,And the LORD shall scatter thee among all peoples, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou nor thy fathers, even wood and stone.,And thy carcasses shall be food unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and there shall be none to frighten them away.,If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and awful Name, the LORD thy God;,And the LORD will make thee over-abundant for good, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy land, in the land which the LORD swore unto thy fathers to give thee.
29.22
and that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and a burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His anger, and in His wrath;
29.27
and the LORD rooted them out of their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as it is this day’.—
30.1
And it shall come to pass, when all these things are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before thee, and thou shalt bethink thyself among all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath driven thee, 30.2 and shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and hearken to His voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul; 30.3 that then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the peoples, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee. 30.4 If any of thine that are dispersed be in the uttermost parts of heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from thence will He fetch thee. 30.5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and He will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers. . 30.6 And the LORD thy God will circumcise thy heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. 30.7 And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, that persecuted thee. 30.8 And thou shalt return and hearken to the voice of the LORD, and do all His commandments which I command thee this day. 30.9 And the LORD thy God will make thee over-abundant in all the work of thy hand, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy land, for good; for the LORD will again rejoice over thee for good, as He rejoiced over thy fathers;
30.10
if thou shalt hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this book of the law; if thou turn unto the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul.
31.9
And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, that bore the ark of the covet of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel.
31.29
For I know that after my death ye will in any wise deal corruptly, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the end of days; because ye will do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him through the work of your hands.’
32.1
Give ear, ye heavens, and I will speak; And let the earth hear the words of my mouth. 32.2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, My speech shall distil as the dew; As the small rain upon the tender grass, And as the showers upon the herb. 32.3 For I will proclaim the name of the LORD; Ascribe ye greatness unto our God. 32.4 The Rock, His work is perfect; For all His ways are justice; A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is He. . 32.5 Is corruption His? No; His children’s is the blemish; A generation crooked and perverse. 32.6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? Is not He thy father that hath gotten thee? Hath He not made thee, and established thee? 32.7 Remember the days of old, Consider the years of many generations; Ask thy father, and he will declare unto thee, Thine elders, and they will tell thee. 32.8 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when He separated the children of men, He set the borders of the peoples according to the number of the children of Israel. 32.9 For the portion of the LORD is His people, Jacob the lot of His inheritance.
32.10
He found him in a desert land, and in the waste, a howling wilderness; He compassed him about, He cared for him, He kept him as the apple of His eye.
32.11
As an eagle that stirreth up her nest, Hovereth over her young, Spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, Beareth them on her pinions—
32.12
The LORD alone did lead him, And there was no strange god with Him.
32.13
He made him ride on the high places of the earth, And he did eat the fruitage of the field; And He made him to suck honey out of the crag, And oil out of the flinty rock;
32.14
Curd of kine, and milk of sheep, With fat of lambs, And rams of the breed of Bashan, and he-goats, With the kidney-fat of wheat; And of the blood of the grape thou drankest foaming wine.
32.15
But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked— Thou didst wax fat, thou didst grow thick, thou didst become gross— And he forsook God who made him, And contemned the Rock of his salvation.
32.16
They roused Him to jealousy with strange gods, With abominations did they provoke Him.
32.17
They sacrificed unto demons, no-gods, Gods that they knew not, New gods that came up of late, Which your fathers dreaded not.
32.18
of the Rock that begot thee thou wast unmindful, And didst forget God that bore thee. .
32.19
And the LORD saw, and spurned, Because of the provoking of His sons and His daughters. 32.20 And He said: ‘I will hide My face from them, I will see what their end shall be; For they are a very froward generation, Children in whom is no faithfulness. 32.21 They have roused Me to jealousy with a no-god; They have provoked Me with their vanities; And I will rouse them to jealousy with a no-people; I will provoke them with a vile nation. 32.22 For a fire is kindled in My nostril, And burneth unto the depths of the nether-world, And devoureth the earth with her produce, And setteth ablaze the foundations of the mountains. 32.23 I will heap evils upon them; I will spend Mine arrows upon them; 32.24 The wasting of hunger, and the devouring of the fiery bolt, And bitter destruction; And the teeth of beasts will I send upon them, With the venom of crawling things of the dust. 32.25 Without shall the sword bereave, And in the chambers terror; Slaying both young man and virgin, The suckling with the man of gray hairs. 32.26 I thought I would make an end of them, I would make their memory cease from among men; 32.27 Were it not that I dreaded the enemy’s provocation, Lest their adversaries should misdeem, Lest they should say: Our hand is exalted, And not the LORD hath wrought all this.’ 32.28 For they are a nation void of counsel, And there is no understanding in them. 32.29 If they were wise, they would understand this, They would discern their latter end. 32.30 How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had given them over And the LORD had delivered them up? 32.31 For their rock is not as our Rock, Even our enemies themselves being judges. 32.32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, And of the fields of Gomorrah; Their grapes are grapes of gall, Their clusters are bitter; 32.33 Their wine is the venom of serpents, And the cruel poison of asps. 32.34 ’Is not this laid up in store with Me, Sealed up in My treasuries? 32.35 Vengeance is Mine, and recompense, Against the time when their foot shall slip; For the day of their calamity is at hand, And the things that are to come upon them shall make haste. 32.36 For the LORD will judge His people, And repent Himself for His servants; When He seeth that their stay is gone, And there is none remaining, shut up or left at large. 32.37 And it is said: Where are their gods, The rock in whom they trusted; 32.38 Who did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink-offering? Let him rise up and help you, Let him be your protection. 32.39 See now that I, even I, am He, And there is no god with Me; I kill, and I make alive; I have wounded, and I heal; And there is none that can deliver out of My hand. 32.40 For I lift up My hand to heaven, And say: As I live for ever, 32.41 If I whet My glittering sword, And My hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to Mine adversaries, And will recompense them that hate Me. 32.42 I will make Mine arrows drunk with blood, And My sword shall devour flesh; With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the long-haired heads of the enemy.’ 32.43 Sing aloud, O ye nations, of His people; For He doth avenge the blood of His servants, And doth render vengeance to His adversaries, And doth make expiation for the land of His people. ' None
5. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 1.7, 1.15, 3.20, 11.1, 12.11, 12.41, 14.23, 15.7, 15.16, 24.16, 34.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian exile, return from • Banishment • Divine/God,, Exile • Eusebius of Emesa, on Egyptian exile • Exile • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Judaism, Post-exilic • Shekhinah, Exile of • YHWH, in exile with Israel • exile XIII–XIV, • exile, Gods presence in • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, to be transformed into a flourishing diaspora

 Found in books: Albrecht (2014), The Divine Father: Religious and Philosophical Concepts of Divine Parenthood in Antiquity, 76, 86; Brakke, Satlow, Weitzman (2005), Religion and the Self in Antiquity. 42, 43; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 134, 138, 215, 218, 310, 365; Gera (2014), Judith, 45, 46, 107, 209, 210, 211, 270, 312, 313, 314, 317, 319, 430, 450, 451, 455; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 170, 173; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 292, 830; Lieber (2014), A Vocabulary of Desire: The Song of Songs in the Early Synagogue, 228; Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 247; Pomeroy (2021), Chrysostom as Exegete: Scholarly Traditions and Rhetorical Aims in the Homilies on Genesis, 73; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 131

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1.7 וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל פָּרוּ וַיִּשְׁרְצוּ וַיִּרְבּוּ וַיַּעַצְמוּ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד וַתִּמָּלֵא הָאָרֶץ אֹתָם׃
1.15
וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם לַמְיַלְּדֹת הָעִבְרִיֹּת אֲשֶׁר שֵׁם הָאַחַת שִׁפְרָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה׃' 11.1 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה עוֹד נֶגַע אֶחָד אָבִיא עַל־פַּרְעֹה וְעַל־מִצְרַיִם אַחֲרֵי־כֵן יְשַׁלַּח אֶתְכֶם מִזֶּה כְּשַׁלְּחוֹ כָּלָה גָּרֵשׁ יְגָרֵשׁ אֶתְכֶם מִזֶּה׃
11.1
וּמֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן עָשׂוּ אֶת־כָּל־הַמֹּפְתִים הָאֵלֶּה לִפְנֵי פַרְעֹה וַיְחַזֵּק יְהוָה אֶת־לֵב פַּרְעֹה וְלֹא־שִׁלַּח אֶת־בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאַרְצוֹ׃
12.11
וְכָכָה תֹּאכְלוּ אֹתוֹ מָתְנֵיכֶם חֲגֻרִים נַעֲלֵיכֶם בְּרַגְלֵיכֶם וּמַקֶּלְכֶם בְּיֶדְכֶם וַאֲכַלְתֶּם אֹתוֹ בְּחִפָּזוֹן פֶּסַח הוּא לַיהוָה׃
12.41
וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה וְאַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיְהִי בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה יָצְאוּ כָּל־צִבְאוֹת יְהוָה מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃
14.23
וַיִּרְדְּפוּ מִצְרַיִם וַיָּבֹאוּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם כֹּל סוּס פַּרְעֹה רִכְבּוֹ וּפָרָשָׁיו אֶל־תּוֹךְ הַיָּם׃
15.7
וּבְרֹב גְּאוֹנְךָ תַּהֲרֹס קָמֶיךָ תְּשַׁלַּח חֲרֹנְךָ יֹאכְלֵמוֹ כַּקַּשׁ׃
15.16
תִּפֹּל עֲלֵיהֶם אֵימָתָה וָפַחַד בִּגְדֹל זְרוֹעֲךָ יִדְּמוּ כָּאָבֶן עַד־יַעֲבֹר עַמְּךָ יְהוָה עַד־יַעֲבֹר עַם־זוּ קָנִיתָ׃
24.16
וַיִּשְׁכֹּן כְּבוֹד־יְהוָה עַל־הַר סִינַי וַיְכַסֵּהוּ הֶעָנָן שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִתּוֹךְ הֶעָנָן׃
34.6
וַיַּעֲבֹר יְהוָה עַל־פָּנָיו וַיִּקְרָא יְהוָה יְהוָה אֵל רַחוּם וְחַנּוּן אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וְרַב־חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת'' None
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1.7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
1.15
And the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah;
3.20
And I will put forth My hand, and smite Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in the midst thereof. And after that he will let you go. 6 and I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you a God; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.,And Moses spoke so unto the children of Israel; but they hearkened not unto Moses for impatience of spirit, and for cruel bondage.,And the sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their generations.,And I have also established My covet with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their sojournings, wherein they sojourned.,And the sons of Izhar: Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri.,And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon and Kohath, and Merari. And the years of the life of Levi were a hundred thirty and seven years.,And it came to pass on the day when the LORD spoke unto Moses in the land of Egypt,,And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning which I lifted up My hand to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for a heritage: I am the LORD.’,The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, according to their families.,And moreover I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered My covet.,And God spoke unto Moses, and said unto him: ‘I am the LORD;,And Eleazar Aaron’s son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’houses of the Levites according to their families.,And the sons of Korah: Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph; these are the families of the Korahites.,These are the heads of their fathers’houses: the sons of Reuben the first-born of Israel: Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. These are the families of Reuben.,And the sons of Simeon: Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman. These are the families of Simeon.,And the LORD spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.,And the sons of Uzziel: Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Sithri.,And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh; for by a strong hand shall he let them go, and by a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.’,These are they that spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt. These are that Moses and Aaron.,that the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: ‘I am the LORD; speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I speak unto thee.’,Wherefore say unto the children of Israel: I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments;,’Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.’,And Moses spoke before the LORD, saying: ‘Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?’,And Aaron took him Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, to wife; and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.,And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:,These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said: ‘Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.’,And the sons of Kohath: Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel. And the years of the life of Kohath were a hundred thirty and three years.,and I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name יהוה I made Me not known to them.,And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the years of the life of Amram were a hundred and thirty and seven years.,And Moses said before the LORD: ‘Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?’11.1 And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Yet one plague more will I bring upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence; when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
12.11
And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste—it is the LORD’s passover.
12.41
And it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the host of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 12 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as He hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.,And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron: ‘This is the ordice of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof;,One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.’,And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.,And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordice for ever.,Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.,In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.,Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.,And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall ye observe this day throughout your generations by an ordice for ever.,And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.,but every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.,Take both your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.’,And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.,And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.,Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.,And the children of Israel went and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.,and ye shall keep it unto the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at dusk.,And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it.,Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses; for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land.,And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.,Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; howbeit the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses; for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.,And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, to send them out of the land in haste; for they said: ‘We are all dead men.’,All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.,And ye shall observe this thing for an ordice to thee and to thy sons for ever.,Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.’,And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste—it is the LORD’s passover.,And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.,that ye shall say: It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s passover, for that He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.’ And the people bowed the head and worshipped.,And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment.,And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.,And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.,Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying: In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’houses, a lamb for a household;,And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. And they despoiled the Egyptians.,And he called for Moses and Aaron by night and said: ‘Rise up, get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said.,For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.,Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them: ‘Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the passover lamb.,and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbour next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man’s eating ye shall make your count for the lamb.,And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you: What mean ye by this service?,A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat thereof.,It was a night of watching unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt; this same night is a night of watching unto the LORD for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.,And the LORD spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying:,Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats;,And it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the host of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.,’This month shall be unto you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.,For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.,And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.,And it came to pass at midnight, that the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle.,In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth aught of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.,And in the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.,And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land; but no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.,And it came to pass the selfsame day that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts."
14.23
And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
15.7
And in the greatness of Thine excellency Thou overthrowest them that rise up against Thee; Thou sendest forth Thy wrath, it consumeth them as stubble.
15.16
Terror and dread falleth upon them; By the greatness of Thine arm they are as still as a stone; Till Thy people pass over, O LORD, Till the people pass over that Thou hast gotten. 15 Thou stretchedst out Thy right hand— The earth swallowed them.,Then were the chiefs of Edom affrighted; The mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them; All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.,Thou bringest them in, and plantest them in the mountain of Thine inheritance, The place, O LORD, which Thou hast made for Thee to dwell in, The sanctuary, O Lord, which Thy hands have established.,The deeps cover them— They went down into the depths like a stone.,And in the greatness of Thine excellency Thou overthrowest them that rise up against Thee; Thou sendest forth Thy wrath, it consumeth them as stubble.,The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.,The LORD is my strength and song, And He is become my salvation; This is my God, and I will glorify Him; My father’s God, and I will exalt Him.,Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spoke, saying: I will sing unto the LORD, for He is highly exalted; The horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.,The peoples have heard, they tremble; Pangs have taken hold on the inhabitants of Philistia.,The LORD is a man of war, The LORD is His name.,And with the blast of Thy nostrils the waters were piled up— The floods stood upright as a heap; The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea.,Pharaoh’s chariots and his host hath He cast into the sea, And his chosen captains are sunk in the Red Sea.,For the horses of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel walked on dry land in the midst of the sea.,And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD showed him a tree, and he cast it into the waters, and the waters were made sweet. There He made for them a statute and an ordice, and there He proved them;,And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah.,Terror and dread falleth upon them; By the greatness of Thine arm they are as still as a stone; Till Thy people pass over, O LORD, Till the people pass over that Thou hast gotten.,And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.,The enemy said: ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; My lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.’,And the people murmured against Moses, saying: ‘What shall we drink?’,and He said: ‘If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in His eyes, and wilt give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases upon thee, which I have put upon the Egyptians; for I am the LORD that healeth thee.’,Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, among the mighty? Who is like unto Thee, glorious in holiness, Fearful in praises, doing wonders?,Thou didst blow with Thy wind, the sea covered them; They sank as lead in the mighty waters.,And Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.,And they came to Elim, where were twelve springs of water, and three score and ten palm-trees; and they encamped there by the waters.,Thou in Thy love hast led the people that Thou hast redeemed; Thou hast guided them in Thy strength to Thy holy habitation.,Thy right hand, O LORD, glorious in power, Thy right hand, O LORD, dasheth in pieces the enemy.,And Miriam sang unto them: Sing ye to the LORD, for He is highly exalted: The horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.
24.16
And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days; and the seventh day He called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.
34.6
And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed: ‘The LORD, the LORD, God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth; ' None
6. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.2, 1.26-1.27, 4.12, 4.16, 6.7, 12.1, 12.10, 12.16, 13.9, 14.18-14.19, 15.8, 17.2, 17.4, 17.7, 18.14, 28.14, 39.21, 49.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Banishment • Darkness, is exiling “being” or absence of light? • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile/Exilic • Prophecy, exilic and post-exilic • Shekhinah, Exile of • banishment, • exile • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, in The Grooms Qedushta • exile, to be transformed into a flourishing diaspora • exile,, Babylonian • exiles • punishment, exile as

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 189; Ben-Eliyahu (2019), Identity and Territory : Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity. 94; Birnbaum and Dillon (2020), Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, 23, 74, 103, 207; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 135, 139, 199, 287, 370; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 55; Gera (2014), Judith, 49, 171, 207, 208, 209, 215, 222; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 171; Kosman (2012), Gender and Dialogue in the Rabbinic Prism, 173; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 3, 191, 292, 400, 830; Lieber (2014), A Vocabulary of Desire: The Song of Songs in the Early Synagogue, 228, 358; Lieu (2004), Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World, 216; Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 123; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 25, 32; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 384; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 377; Wilson (2010), Philo of Alexandria: On Virtues: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, 395

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1.2 וְהָאָרֶץ הָיְתָה תֹהוּ וָבֹהוּ וְחֹשֶׁךְ עַל־פְּנֵי תְהוֹם וְרוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַל־פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם׃
1.2
וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁרְצוּ הַמַּיִם שֶׁרֶץ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה וְעוֹף יְעוֹפֵף עַל־הָאָרֶץ עַל־פְּנֵי רְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם׃

1.26
וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ וְיִרְדּוּ בִדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־הָאָרֶץ וּבְכָל־הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃
1.27
וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם בְּצַלְמוֹ בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים בָּרָא אֹתוֹ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בָּרָא אֹתָם׃
4.12
כִּי תַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה לֹא־תֹסֵף תֵּת־כֹּחָהּ לָךְ נָע וָנָד תִּהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ׃
4.16
וַיֵּצֵא קַיִן מִלִּפְנֵי יְהוָה וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּאֶרֶץ־נוֹד קִדְמַת־עֵדֶן׃
6.7
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶמְחֶה אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָאתִי מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה מֵאָדָם עַד־בְּהֵמָה עַד־רֶמֶשׂ וְעַד־עוֹף הַשָּׁמָיִם כִּי נִחַמְתִּי כִּי עֲשִׂיתִם׃
12.1
וַיְהִי רָעָב בָּאָרֶץ וַיֵּרֶד אַבְרָם מִצְרַיְמָה לָגוּר שָׁם כִּי־כָבֵד הָרָעָב בָּאָרֶץ׃
12.1
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־אַבְרָם לֶךְ־לְךָ מֵאַרְצְךָ וּמִמּוֹלַדְתְּךָ וּמִבֵּית אָבִיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ׃'
12.16
וּלְאַבְרָם הֵיטִיב בַּעֲבוּרָהּ וַיְהִי־לוֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר וַחֲמֹרִים וַעֲבָדִים וּשְׁפָחֹת וַאֲתֹנֹת וּגְמַלִּים׃
13.9
הֲלֹא כָל־הָאָרֶץ לְפָנֶיךָ הִפָּרֶד נָא מֵעָלָי אִם־הַשְּׂמֹאל וְאֵימִנָה וְאִם־הַיָּמִין וְאַשְׂמְאִילָה׃
14.18
וּמַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק מֶלֶךְ שָׁלֵם הוֹצִיא לֶחֶם וָיָיִן וְהוּא כֹהֵן לְאֵל עֶלְיוֹן׃ 14.19 וַיְבָרְכֵהוּ וַיֹּאמַר בָּרוּךְ אַבְרָם לְאֵל עֶלְיוֹן קֹנֵה שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ׃
15.8
וַיֹּאמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהוִה בַּמָּה אֵדַע כִּי אִירָשֶׁנָּה׃
17.2
וְאֶתְּנָה בְרִיתִי בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וְאַרְבֶּה אוֹתְךָ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד׃
17.2
וּלְיִשְׁמָעֵאל שְׁמַעְתִּיךָ הִנֵּה בֵּרַכְתִּי אֹתוֹ וְהִפְרֵיתִי אֹתוֹ וְהִרְבֵּיתִי אֹתוֹ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂר נְשִׂיאִם יוֹלִיד וּנְתַתִּיו לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל׃
17.4
אֲנִי הִנֵּה בְרִיתִי אִתָּךְ וְהָיִיתָ לְאַב הֲמוֹן גּוֹיִם׃
17.7
וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ אַחֲרֶיךָ לְדֹרֹתָם לִבְרִית עוֹלָם לִהְיוֹת לְךָ לֵאלֹהִים וּלְזַרְעֲךָ אַחֲרֶיךָ׃
18.14
הֲיִפָּלֵא מֵיְהוָה דָּבָר לַמּוֹעֵד אָשׁוּב אֵלֶיךָ כָּעֵת חַיָּה וּלְשָׂרָה בֵן׃
28.14
וְהָיָה זַרְעֲךָ כַּעֲפַר הָאָרֶץ וּפָרַצְתָּ יָמָּה וָקֵדְמָה וְצָפֹנָה וָנֶגְבָּה וְנִבְרֲכוּ בְךָ כָּל־מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה וּבְזַרְעֶךָ׃
39.21
וַיְהִי יְהוָה אֶת־יוֹסֵף וַיֵּט אֵלָיו חָסֶד וַיִּתֵּן חִנּוֹ בְּעֵינֵי שַׂר בֵּית־הַסֹּהַר׃'' None
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1.2 Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.

1.26
And God said: ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.’
1.27
And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them. 1 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.,And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.,And God said: ‘Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.’,And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; and the stars.,And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after its kind, and tree bearing fruit, wherein is the seed thereof, after its kind; and God saw that it was good.,And God said: ‘Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear.’ And it was so.,And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.,And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.,And God called the firmament Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.,And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.,And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.,And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,,and to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is a living soul, I have given every green herb for food.’ And it was so.,and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.,And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas; and God saw that it was good.,And God said: ‘Let the earth put forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit-tree bearing fruit after its kind, wherein is the seed thereof, upon the earth.’ And it was so.,And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.,And God blessed them; and God said unto them: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that creepeth upon the earth.’,In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.,And God said: ‘Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let fowl fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.’,And God said: ‘Let the earth bring forth the living creature after its kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after its kind.’ And it was so.,And God said: ‘Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years;,And God blessed them, saying: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.’,And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them.,And God said: ‘Let there be light.’ And there was light.,And God said: ‘Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed—to you it shall be for food;,And God said: ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.’,And God created the great sea-monsters, and every living creature that creepeth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after its kind, and every winged fowl after its kind; and God saw that it was good.,And God made the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.,Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.,and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth.’ And it was so.'2 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.,and the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and the onyx stone.,The name of the first is Pishon; that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;,No shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground;,And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.,And on the seventh day God finished His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made.,And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four heads.,And the name of the third river is Tigris; that is it which goeth toward the east of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.,And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the place with flesh instead thereof.,And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because that in it He rested from all His work which God in creating had made.,These are the generations of the heaven and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made earth and heaven.,Then the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.,And the man said: ‘This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.’,And the man gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found a help meet for him.,And the LORD God planted a garden eastward, in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed.,but there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.,And the name of the second river is Gihon; the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Cush.,And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto the man to see what he would call them; and whatsoever the man would call every living creature, that was to be the name thereof.,And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.,Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh.,but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.’,And the LORD God commanded the man, saying: ‘of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat;,And the heaven and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.,And the LORD God said: ‘It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a help meet for him.’,And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from the man, made He a woman, and brought her unto the man. 3 And the LORD God called unto the man, and said unto him: ‘Where art thou?’,In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken; for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.’,And the woman said unto the serpent: ‘of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat;,And he said: ‘I heard Thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.’,And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves girdles.,And He said: ‘Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?’,And the LORD God said unto the serpent: ‘Because thou hast done this, cursed art thou from among all cattle, and from among all beasts of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.,Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman: ‘Yea, hath God said: Ye shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’,And the man said: ‘The woman whom Thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.’,And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden toward the cool of the day; and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.,And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and she gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.,And the LORD God said unto the woman: ‘What is this thou hast done?’ And the woman said: ‘The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.’,And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; they shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise their heel.’,And unto Adam He said: ‘Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying: Thou shalt not eat of it; cursed is the ground for thy sake; in toil shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life.,Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.,So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life.,Unto the woman He said: ‘I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy travail; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.’,for God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil.’,And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’,And the serpent said unto the woman: ‘Ye shall not surely die;,And the man called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.,And the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins, and clothed them.,but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said: Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.’,Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field.
4.12
When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a wanderer shalt thou be in the earth.’
4.16
And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
6.7
And the LORD said: ‘I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and creeping thing, and fowl of the air; for it repenteth Me that I have made them.’
12.1
Now the LORD said unto Abram: ‘Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto the land that I will show thee.

12.10
And there was a famine in the land; and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was sore in the land.

12.16
And he dealt well with Abram for her sake; and he had sheep, and oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants, and maid-servants, and she-asses, and camels.
13.9
Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me; if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou take the right hand, then I will go to the left.’
14.18
And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was priest of God the Most High. 14.19 And he blessed him, and said: ‘Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Maker of heaven and earth; 14 and the Horites in their mount Seir, unto El-paran, which is by the wilderness.,And Abram said to the king of Sodom: ‘I have lifted up my hand unto the LORD, God Most High, Maker of heaven and earth,,And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela—the same is Zoar; and they set the battle in array against them in the vale of Siddim;,And he blessed him, and said: ‘Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Maker of heaven and earth;,save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre, let them take their portion.’,And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, at the vale of Shaveh—the same is the King’s Vale.,And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was priest of God the Most High.,Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.,against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings against the five.,that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela—the same is Zoar.,And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.,And he brought back all the goods, and also brought back his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.,And the king of Sodom said unto Abram: ‘Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.’,And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim,,And they turned back, and came to En-mishpat—the same is Kadesh—and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazazon-tamar.,And he divided himself against them by night, he and his servants, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.,And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew—now he dwelt by the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner; and these were confederate with Abram.,All these came as allies unto the vale of Siddim—the same is the Salt Sea.,And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued as far as Dan.,that I will not take a thread nor a shoe-latchet nor aught that is thine, lest thou shouldest say: I have made Abram rich;,Now the vale of Siddim was full of slime pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell there, and they that remained fled to the mountain.,And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,,And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.,and blessed be God the Most High, who hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand.’ And he gave him a tenth of all.
15.8
And he said: ‘O Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?’
17.2
And I will make My covet between Me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.’
17.4
’As for Me, behold, My covet is with thee, and thou shalt be the father of a multitude of nations.
17.7
And I will establish My covet between Me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covet, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.
18.14
Is any thing too hard for the LORD. At the set time I will return unto thee, when the season cometh round, and Sarah shall have a son.’
28.14
And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south. And in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
39.21
But the LORD was with Joseph, and showed kindness unto him, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
49.10
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, As long as men come to Shiloh; And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be. ' None
7. Hebrew Bible, Job, 1.21 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile • Exile • Exiles, Babylonian • exile, in Assyria

 Found in books: Allen and Doedens (2022), Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature 113; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 334; Toloni (2022), The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis, 72; Waldner et al. (2016), Burial Rituals, Ideas of Afterlife, and the Individual in the Hellenistic World and the Roman Empire, 171

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1.21 וַיֹּאמֶר עָרֹם יצתי יָצָאתִי מִבֶּטֶן אִמִּי וְעָרֹם אָשׁוּב שָׁמָה יְהוָה נָתַן וַיהוָה לָקָח יְהִי שֵׁם יְהוָה מְבֹרָךְ׃' ' None
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1.21 And he said; Naked came I out of my mother’s womb, And naked shall I return thither; The LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; Blessed be the name of the LORD. 40 Look on every one that is proud, and bring him low; And tread down the wicked in their place.,Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath; And look upon every one that is proud, and abase him.,Surely the mountains bring him forth food, And all the beasts of the field play there.,Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said:,Canst thou draw out leviathan with a fish-hook? Or press down his tongue with a cord?,Or hast thou an arm like God? And canst thou thunder with a voice like Him?,Wilt thou even make void My judgment? Wilt thou condemn Me, that thou mayest be justified?,Moreover the LORD answered Job, and said:,Behold now behemoth, which I made with thee; He eateth grass as an ox.,Shall he that reproveth contend with the Almighty? He that argueth with God, let him answer it.,He straineth his tail like a cedar; The sinews of his thighs are knit together.,Then Job answered the LORD, and said:,Lay thy hand upon him; Think upon the battle, thou wilt do so no more.,Hide them in the dust together; Bind their faces in the hidden place.,Behold, I am of small account; what shall I answer Thee? I lay my hand upon my mouth.,His bones are as pipes of brass; His gristles are like bars of iron.,Deck thyself now with majesty and excellency, And array thyself with glory and beauty.,Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? Or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens? .,Will he make a covet with thee, That thou shouldest take him for a servant for ever?,Will the bands of fishermen make a banquet of him? Will they part him among the merchants?,Then will I also confess unto thee That thine own right hand can save thee.,Once have I spoken, but I will not answer again; Yea, twice, but I will proceed no further.,Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons? Or his head with fish-spears?,Behold, if a river overflow, he trembleth not; He is confident, though the Jordan rush forth to his mouth.,Lo now, his strength is in his loins, And his force is in the stays of his body.,Gird up thy loins now like a man; I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto Me. .,Canst thou put a ring into his nose? Or bore his jaw through with a hook?,He is the beginning of the ways of God; He only that made him can make His sword to approach unto him.,The lotus-trees cover him with their shadow; The willows of the brook compass him about.,Shall any take him by his eyes, Or pierce through his nose with a snare?,Will he make many supplications unto thee? Or will he speak soft words unto thee?,He lieth under the lotus-trees, In the covert of the reed, and fens. 41 He esteemeth iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.,They are joined one to another; They stick together, that they cannot be sundered.,Who can uncover the face of his garment? Who shall come within his double bridle?,Clubs are accounted as stubble; He laugheth at the rattling of the javelin.,He maketh a path to shine after him; One would think the deep to be hoary.,The flakes of his flesh are joined together; they are firm upon him; they cannot be moved.,If one lay at him with the sword, it will not hold; nor the spear, the dart, nor the pointed shaft.,His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.,The arrow cannot make him flee; slingstones are turned with him into stubble.,Sharpest potsherds are under him; He spreadeth a threshing-sledge upon the mire.,His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth.,Would I keep silence concerning his boastings, or his proud talk, or his fair array of words?,Who can open the doors of his face? Round about his teeth is terror.,Who hath given Me anything beforehand, that I should repay him? Whatsoever is under the whole heaven is Mine.,His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, firm as the nether millstone.,None is so fierce that dare stir him up; Who then is able to stand before Me?,One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.,He looketh at all high things; He is king over all the proud beasts.,When he raiseth himself up, the mighty are afraid; by reason of despair they are beside themselves.,Upon earth there is not his like who is made to be fearless.,Behold, the hope of him is in vain; Shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him?,In his neck abideth strength, and dismay danceth before him.,Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot and burning rushes.,He maketh the deep to boil like a pot; He maketh the sea like a seething mixture.,Out of his mouth go burning torches, and sparks of fire leap forth.,His sneezings flash forth light, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.'' None
8. Hebrew Bible, Joel, 2.12-2.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • banishment • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Gera (2014), Judith, 46; Jassen (2014), Scripture and Law in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 244; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801

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2.12 וְגַם־עַתָּה נְאֻם־יְהוָה שֻׁבוּ עָדַי בְּכָל־לְבַבְכֶם וּבְצוֹם וּבְבְכִי וּבְמִסְפֵּד׃ 2.13 וְקִרְעוּ לְבַבְכֶם וְאַל־בִּגְדֵיכֶם וְשׁוּבוּ אֶל־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם כִּי־חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם הוּא אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וְרַב־חֶסֶד וְנִחָם עַל־הָרָעָה׃' ' None
sup>1 Yea, the beasts of the field pant unto Thee; For the water brooks are dried up, And the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.,Is not the food cut off Before our eyes, Yea, joy and gladness From the house of our God?,The vine is withered, And the fig-tree languisheth; The pomegranate-tree, the palm-tree also, and the apple-tree, Even all the trees of the field, are withered; For joy is withered away from the sons of men.,Be ashamed, O ye husbandmen, Wail, O ye vinedressers, For the wheat and for the barley; Because the harvest of the field is perished.,The field is wasted, The land mourneth; For the corn is wasted, The new wine is dried up, The oil languisheth.,The grains shrivel under their hoes; The garners are laid desolate, The barns are broken down; For the corn is withered.,Alas for the day! For the day of the LORD is at hand, And as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.,Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests, Wail, ye ministers of the altar; Come, lie all night in sackcloth, Ye ministers of my God; For the meal-offering and the drink-offering is withholden From the house of your God.,He hath laid my vine waste, And blasted my fig-tree; He hath made it clean bare, and cast it down, The branches thereof are made white.,Tell ye your children of it, And let your children tell their children, And their children another generation.,That which the palmer-worm hath left hath the locust eaten; And that which the locust hath left hath the canker-worm eaten; And that which the canker-worm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten.,For a people is come up upon my land, Mighty, and without number; His teeth are the teeth of a lion, And he hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness.,Hear this, ye old men, And give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, Or in the days of your fathers?,How do the beasts groan! The herds of cattle are perplexed, Because they have no pasture; Yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.,Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth For the husband of her youth.,Sanctify ye a fast, Call a solemn assembly, Gather the elders And all the inhabitants of the land Unto the house of the LORD your God, And cry unto the LORD.,Awake, ye drunkards, and weep, And wail, all ye drinkers of wine, Because of the sweet wine, For it is cut off from your mouth.,Unto Thee, O LORD, do I cry; For the fire hath devoured The pastures of the wilderness, And the flame hath set ablaze All the trees of the field.,The meal-offering and the drink-offering is cut off From the house of the LORD; The priests mourn, Even the LORD’S ministers.,The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.2.12 Yet even now, saith the LORD, Turn ye unto Me with all your heart, And with fasting, and with weeping, and with lamentation; 2.13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, And turn unto the LORD your God; For He is gracious and compassionate, long-suffering, and abundant in mercy, And repenteth Him of the evil. 2 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the canker-worm, and the caterpiller, and the palmer-worm, My great army which I sent among you. .,Blow ye the horn in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy mountain; Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble; For the day of the LORD cometh, For it is at hand;,Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, Weep between the porch and the altar, And let them say: ‘Spare thy people, O LORD, And give not Thy heritage to reproach, That the nations should make them a byword: Wherefore should they say among the peoples: Where is their God?’,And rend your heart, and not your garments, And turn unto the LORD your God; For He is gracious and compassionate, long-suffering, and abundant in mercy, And repenteth Him of the evil.,They leap upon the city, They run upon the wall, They climb up into the houses; They enter in at the windows like a thief.,Fear not, O land, be glad and rejoice; for the LORD hath done great things.,Yet even now, saith the LORD, Turn ye unto Me with all your heart, And with fasting, and with weeping, and with lamentation;,Who knoweth whether He will not turn and repent, And leave a blessing behind Him, Even a meal-offering and a drink-offering Unto the LORD your God?,At their presence the peoples are in anguish; All faces have gathered blackness.,A day of darkness and gloominess, A day of clouds and thick darkness, As blackness spread upon the mountains; A great people and a mighty, There hath not been ever the like, Neither shall be any more after them, Even to the years of many generations.,Like the noise of chariots, On the tops of the mountains do they leap, Like the noise of a flame of fire That devoureth the stubble, As a mighty people set in battle array.,And the LORD uttereth His voice before His army; For His camp is very great, For he is mighty that executeth His word; For great is the day of the LORD and very terrible; And who can abide it?,The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses; And as horsemen, so do they run.,They run like mighty men, They climb the wall like men of war; And they move on every one in his ways, And they entangle not their paths.,A fire devoureth before them, And behind them a flame blazeth; The land is as the garden of Eden before them, And behind them a desolate wilderness; Yea, and nothing escapeth them.,But I will remove far off from you the northern one, And will drive him into a land barren and desolate, With his face toward the eastern sea, And his hinder part toward the western sea; that his foulness may come up, and his ill savour may come up, because he hath done great things.’,Then was the LORD jealous for His land, And had pity on His people.,And ye shall eat in plenty and be satisfied, and shall praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you; and My people shall never be ashamed.,Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field; for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth its fruit, the fig-tree and the vine do yield their strength.,Blow the horn in Zion, Sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly;,And the LORD answered and said unto His people: ‘Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, And ye shall be satisfied therewith; And I will no more make you a reproach among the nations;,Gather the people, Sanctify the congregation, Assemble the elders, Gather the children, And those that suck the breasts; Let the bridegroom go forth from his chamber, And the bride out of her pavilion.,And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and there is none else; and My people shall never be ashamed.,And the floors shall be full of corn, and the vats shall overflow with wine and oil.,Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God; For He giveth you the former rain in just measure, And He causeth to come down for you the rain, the former rain and the latter rain, at the first.,Before them the earth quaketh, The heavens tremble; The sun and the moon are become black, And the stars withdraw their shining.,Neither doth one thrust another, They march every one in his highway; And they break through the weapons, And suffer no harm. ' None
9. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 26.6, 26.13-26.38 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Banishment • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile/Exilic • banishment • exile, concept of

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 310, 312; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 95; Jassen (2014), Scripture and Law in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 244; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 172; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 400

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26.6 וְנָתַתִּי שָׁלוֹם בָּאָרֶץ וּשְׁכַבְתֶּם וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי חַיָּה רָעָה מִן־הָאָרֶץ וְחֶרֶב לֹא־תַעֲבֹר בְּאַרְצְכֶם׃
26.13
אֲנִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִהְיֹת לָהֶם עֲבָדִים וָאֶשְׁבֹּר מֹטֹת עֻלְּכֶם וָאוֹלֵךְ אֶתְכֶם קוֹמְמִיּוּת׃ 26.14 וְאִם־לֹא תִשְׁמְעוּ לִי וְלֹא תַעֲשׂוּ אֵת כָּל־הַמִּצְוֺת הָאֵלֶּה׃ 26.15 וְאִם־בְּחֻקֹּתַי תִּמְאָסוּ וְאִם אֶת־מִשְׁפָּטַי תִּגְעַל נַפְשְׁכֶם לְבִלְתִּי עֲשׂוֹת אֶת־כָּל־מִצְוֺתַי לְהַפְרְכֶם אֶת־בְּרִיתִי׃ 26.16 אַף־אֲנִי אֶעֱשֶׂה־זֹּאת לָכֶם וְהִפְקַדְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם בֶּהָלָה אֶת־הַשַּׁחֶפֶת וְאֶת־הַקַּדַּחַת מְכַלּוֹת עֵינַיִם וּמְדִיבֹת נָפֶשׁ וּזְרַעְתֶּם לָרִיק זַרְעֲכֶם וַאֲכָלֻהוּ אֹיְבֵיכֶם׃ 26.17 וְנָתַתִּי פָנַי בָּכֶם וְנִגַּפְתֶּם לִפְנֵי אֹיְבֵיכֶם וְרָדוּ בָכֶם שֹׂנְאֵיכֶם וְנַסְתֶּם וְאֵין־רֹדֵף אֶתְכֶם׃ 26.18 וְאִם־עַד־אֵלֶּה לֹא תִשְׁמְעוּ לִי וְיָסַפְתִּי לְיַסְּרָה אֶתְכֶם שֶׁבַע עַל־חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם׃ 26.19 וְשָׁבַרְתִּי אֶת־גְּאוֹן עֻזְּכֶם וְנָתַתִּי אֶת־שְׁמֵיכֶם כַּבַּרְזֶל וְאֶת־אַרְצְכֶם כַּנְּחֻשָׁה׃' '26.21 וְאִם־תֵּלְכוּ עִמִּי קֶרִי וְלֹא תֹאבוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ לִי וְיָסַפְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם מַכָּה שֶׁבַע כְּחַטֹּאתֵיכֶם׃ 26.22 וְהִשְׁלַחְתִּי בָכֶם אֶת־חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה וְשִׁכְּלָה אֶתְכֶם וְהִכְרִיתָה אֶת־בְּהֶמְתְּכֶם וְהִמְעִיטָה אֶתְכֶם וְנָשַׁמּוּ דַּרְכֵיכֶם׃ 26.23 וְאִם־בְּאֵלֶּה לֹא תִוָּסְרוּ לִי וַהֲלַכְתֶּם עִמִּי קֶרִי׃ 26.24 וְהָלַכְתִּי אַף־אֲנִי עִמָּכֶם בְּקֶרִי וְהִכֵּיתִי אֶתְכֶם גַּם־אָנִי שֶׁבַע עַל־חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם׃ 26.25 וְהֵבֵאתִי עֲלֵיכֶם חֶרֶב נֹקֶמֶת נְקַם־בְּרִית וְנֶאֱסַפְתֶּם אֶל־עָרֵיכֶם וְשִׁלַּחְתִּי דֶבֶר בְּתוֹכְכֶם וְנִתַּתֶּם בְּיַד־אוֹיֵב׃ 26.26 בְּשִׁבְרִי לָכֶם מַטֵּה־לֶחֶם וְאָפוּ עֶשֶׂר נָשִׁים לַחְמְכֶם בְּתַנּוּר אֶחָד וְהֵשִׁיבוּ לַחְמְכֶם בַּמִּשְׁקָל וַאֲכַלְתֶּם וְלֹא תִשְׂבָּעוּ׃ 26.27 וְאִם־בְּזֹאת לֹא תִשְׁמְעוּ לִי וַהֲלַכְתֶּם עִמִּי בְּקֶרִי׃ 26.28 וְהָלַכְתִּי עִמָּכֶם בַּחֲמַת־קֶרִי וְיִסַּרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם אַף־אָנִי שֶׁבַע עַל־חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם׃ 26.29 וַאֲכַלְתֶּם בְּשַׂר בְּנֵיכֶם וּבְשַׂר בְּנֹתֵיכֶם תֹּאכֵלוּ׃" 26.31 וְנָתַתִּי אֶת־עָרֵיכֶם חָרְבָּה וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִי אֶת־מִקְדְּשֵׁיכֶם וְלֹא אָרִיחַ בְּרֵיחַ נִיחֹחֲכֶם׃ 26.32 וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִי אֲנִי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְשָׁמְמוּ עָלֶיהָ אֹיְבֵיכֶם הַיֹּשְׁבִים בָּהּ׃ 26.33 וְאֶתְכֶם אֱזָרֶה בַגּוֹיִם וַהֲרִיקֹתִי אַחֲרֵיכֶם חָרֶב וְהָיְתָה אַרְצְכֶם שְׁמָמָה וְעָרֵיכֶם יִהְיוּ חָרְבָּה׃ 26.34 אָז תִּרְצֶה הָאָרֶץ אֶת־שַׁבְּתֹתֶיהָ כֹּל יְמֵי הֳשַׁמָּה וְאַתֶּם בְּאֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיכֶם אָז תִּשְׁבַּת הָאָרֶץ וְהִרְצָת אֶת־שַׁבְּתֹתֶיהָ׃ 26.35 כָּל־יְמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה תִּשְׁבֹּת אֵת אֲשֶׁר לֹא־שָׁבְתָה בְּשַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶם בְּשִׁבְתְּכֶם עָלֶיהָ׃ 26.36 וְהַנִּשְׁאָרִים בָּכֶם וְהֵבֵאתִי מֹרֶךְ בִּלְבָבָם בְּאַרְצֹת אֹיְבֵיהֶם וְרָדַף אֹתָם קוֹל עָלֶה נִדָּף וְנָסוּ מְנֻסַת־חֶרֶב וְנָפְלוּ וְאֵין רֹדֵף׃ 26.37 וְכָשְׁלוּ אִישׁ־בְּאָחִיו כְּמִפְּנֵי־חֶרֶב וְרֹדֵף אָיִן וְלֹא־תִהְיֶה לָכֶם תְּקוּמָה לִפְנֵי אֹיְבֵיכֶם׃ 26.38 וַאֲבַדְתֶּם בַּגּוֹיִם וְאָכְלָה אֶתְכֶם אֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיכֶם׃'' None
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26.6 And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will cause evil beasts to cease out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
26.13
I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bars of your yoke, and made you go upright. 26.14 But if ye will not hearken unto Me, and will not do all these commandments; 26.15 and if ye shall reject My statutes, and if your soul abhor Mine ordices, so that ye will not do all My commandments, but break My covet; 26.16 I also will do this unto you: I will appoint terror over you, even consumption and fever, that shall make the eyes to fail, and the soul to languish; and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. 26.17 And I will set My face against you, and ye shall be smitten before your enemies; they that hate you shall rule over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you. 26.18 And if ye will not yet for these things hearken unto Me, then I will chastise you seven times more for your sins. 26.19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass. 26.20 And your strength shall be spent in vain; for your land shall not yield her produce, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruit. 26.21 And if ye walk contrary unto Me, and will not hearken unto Me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins. 26.22 And I will send the beast of the field among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your ways shall become desolate. 26.23 And if in spite of these things ye will not be corrected unto Me, but will walk contrary unto Me; 26.24 then will I also walk contrary unto you; and I will smite you, even I, seven times for your sins. 26.25 And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute the vengeance of the covet; and ye shall be gathered together within your cities; and I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. 26.26 When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver your bread again by weight; and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied. 26.27 And if ye will not for all this hearken unto Me, but walk contrary unto Me; 26.28 then I will walk contrary unto you in fury; and I also will chastise you seven times for your sins. 26.29 And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat." 26.30 And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your sun-pillars, and cast your carcasses upon the carcasses of your idols; and My soul shall abhor you. 26.31 And I will make your cities a waste, and will bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours. 26.32 And I will bring the land into desolation; and your enemies that dwell therein shall be astonished at it. 26.33 And you will I scatter among the nations, and I will draw out the sword after you; and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste. 26.34 Then shall the land be paid her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye are in your enemies’land; even then shall the land rest, and repay her sabbaths. 26.35 As long as it lieth desolate it shall have rest; even the rest which it had not in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it. 26.36 And as for them that are left of you, I will send a faintness into their heart in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a driven leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as one fleeth from the sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth. 26.37 And they shall stumble one upon another, as it were before the sword, when none pursueth; and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies. 26.38 And ye shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. 26 And if ye will not yet for these things hearken unto Me, then I will chastise you seven times more for your sins.,I also will walk contrary unto them, and bring them into the land of their enemies; if then perchance their uncircumcised heart be humbled, and they then be paid the punishment of their iniquity;,And I will make your cities a waste, and will bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.,And they shall stumble one upon another, as it were before the sword, when none pursueth; and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.,and if ye shall reject My statutes, and if your soul abhor Mine ordices, so that ye will not do all My commandments, but break My covet;,These are the statutes and ordices and laws, which the LORD made between Him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.,And I will send the beast of the field among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your ways shall become desolate.,then will I remember My covet with Jacob, and also My covet with Isaac, and also My covet with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.,And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass.,If ye walk in My statutes, and keep My commandments, and do them;,then I will walk contrary unto you in fury; and I also will chastise you seven times for your sins.,then will I also walk contrary unto you; and I will smite you, even I, seven times for your sins.,And you will I scatter among the nations, and I will draw out the sword after you; and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste.,But I will for their sakes remember the covet of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.,And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time; and ye shall eat your bread until ye have enough, and dwell in your land safely.,And as for them that are left of you, I will send a faintness into their heart in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a driven leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as one fleeth from the sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth.,And if in spite of these things ye will not be corrected unto Me, but will walk contrary unto Me;,I also will do this unto you: I will appoint terror over you, even consumption and fever, that shall make the eyes to fail, and the soul to languish; and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.,And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your sun-pillars, and cast your carcasses upon the carcasses of your idols; and My soul shall abhor you.,And I will bring the land into desolation; and your enemies that dwell therein shall be astonished at it.,And I will set My tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you.,Then shall the land be paid her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye are in your enemies’land; even then shall the land rest, and repay her sabbaths.,As long as it lieth desolate it shall have rest; even the rest which it had not in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.,But if ye will not hearken unto Me, and will not do all these commandments;,And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute the vengeance of the covet; and ye shall be gathered together within your cities; and I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.,And if ye will not for all this hearken unto Me, but walk contrary unto Me;,then I will give your rains in their season, and the land shall yield her produce, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.,Ye shall make you no idols, neither shall ye rear you up a graven image, or a pillar, neither shall ye place any figured stone in your land, to bow down unto it; for I am the LORD your God.,When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver your bread again by weight; and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.,And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be My people.,And if ye walk contrary unto Me, and will not hearken unto Me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.,And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword.,And ye shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.,And they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, in their treachery which they committed against Me, and also that they have walked contrary unto Me.,I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bars of your yoke, and made you go upright.,And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will cause evil beasts to cease out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.,And ye shall eat old store long kept, and ye shall bring forth the old from before the new.,For the land shall lie forsaken without them, and shall be paid her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them; and they shall be paid the punishment of their iniquity; because, even because they rejected Mine ordices, and their soul abhorred My statutes.,And yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break My covet with them; for I am the LORD their God.,And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies’lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them.,And your strength shall be spent in vain; for your land shall not yield her produce, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruit.,And I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you; and will establish My covet with you.,And I will set My face against you, and ye shall be smitten before your enemies; they that hate you shall rule over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you.,And five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall chase ten thousand; and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.,Ye shall keep My sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD.,And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat."'' None
10. Hebrew Bible, Nahum, 1.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Banishment • Exile

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 370; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 551

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1.3 יְהֹוָה אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וגדול־וּגְדָל־ כֹּחַ וְנַקֵּה לֹא יְנַקֶּה יְהוָה בְּסוּפָה וּבִשְׂעָרָה דַּרְכּוֹ וְעָנָן אֲבַק רַגְלָיו׃'' None
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1.3 The LORD is long-suffering, and great in power, And will by no means clear the guilty; The LORD, in the whirlwind and in the storm is His way, And the clouds are the dust of His feet.'' None
11. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 21.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile/Exilic • exile, concept of

 Found in books: Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 53, 54, 55; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 174, 175

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21.18 בְּאֵר חֲפָרוּהָ שָׂרִים כָּרוּהָ נְדִיבֵי הָעָם בִּמְחֹקֵק בְּמִשְׁעֲנֹתָם וּמִמִּדְבָּר מַתָּנָה׃'' None
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21.18 The well, which the princes digged, Which the nobles of the people delved, With the sceptre, and with their staves. And from the wilderness to Mattanah;'' None
12. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 3.11-3.12 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ecclesiastes, book of, and exile • Exile • exile, exiles

 Found in books: Legaspi (2018), Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition, 80; Merz and Tieleman (2012), Ambrosiaster's Political Theology, 158; Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun (2014), The History of Religions School Today : Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts 202, 203

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3.11 מוּסַר יְהוָה בְּנִי אַל־תִּמְאָס וְאַל־תָּקֹץ בְּתוֹכַחְתּוֹ׃ 3.12 כִּי אֶת אֲשֶׁר יֶאֱהַב יְהוָה יוֹכִיחַ וּכְאָב אֶת־בֵּן יִרְצֶה׃' ' None
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3.11 My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD, Neither spurn thou His correction; 3.12 For whom the LORD loveth He correcteth, Even as a father the son in whom he delighteth. 3 Honour the LORD with thy substance, And with the first-fruits of all thine increase;,The LORD by wisdom founded the earth; By understanding He established the heavens.,For whom the LORD loveth He correcteth, Even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.,For length of days, and years of life, And peace, will they add to thee.,The curse of the LORD is in the house of the wicked; But He blesseth the habitation of the righteous.,Envy thou not the man of violence, And choose none of his ways.,So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, And thy vats shall overflow with new wine.,For the perverse is an abomination to the LORD; But His counsel is with the upright.,Be not wise in thine own eyes; Fear the LORD, and depart from evil;,Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, And the man that obtaineth understanding.,She is more precious than rubies; And all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her.,Her ways are ways of pleasantness, And all her paths are peace.,So shalt thou find grace and good favour In the sight of God and man.,For the LORD will be thy confidence, And will keep thy foot from being caught.,Say not unto thy neighbour: ‘Go, and come again, And to-morrow I will give’; when thou hast it by thee.,Devise not evil against thy neighbour, Seeing he dwelleth securely by thee.,My son, forget not my teaching; But let thy heart keep my commandments;,Then shalt thou walk in thy way securely, And thou shalt not dash thy foot.,When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid; Yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet.,It shall be health to thy navel, And marrow to thy bones.,My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD, Neither spurn thou His correction;,Length of days is in her right hand; In her left hand are riches and honour.,Strive not with a man without cause, If he have done thee no harm.,Trust in the LORD with all thy heart, And lean not upon thine own understanding.,So shall they be life unto thy soul, And grace to thy neck.,For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, And the gain thereof than fine gold.,Be not afraid of sudden terror, Neither of the destruction of the wicked, when it cometh;,By His knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.,In all thy ways acknowledge Him, And He will direct thy paths.,My son, let not them depart from thine eyes; Keep sound wisdom and discretion;,The wise shall inherit honour; But as for the fools, they carry away shame.,Let not kindness and truth forsake thee; Bind them about thy neck, write them upon the table of thy heart;,She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her, And happy is every one that holdest her fast.,If it concerneth the scorners, He scorneth them, But unto the humble He giveth grace.,Withhold not good from him to whom it is due, When it is in the power of thy hand to do it."'' None
13. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 24.7-24.9, 74.12-74.15, 92.13, 99.5, 114.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian exile, • Exile • Exiled Israel • God-in-exile motif • city-gate, forerunner of synagogue, post-Exilic period • exile, as setting of Esther, Judith, and Susanna • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile,Recovery From • exiles, maintenance of identity by • mikdash me'at, as metaphor for deitys accessibility in exile • storytelling, postexilic, exile and gender in

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 29; Ashbrook Harvey et al. (2015), A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer, 247; Avery-Peck, Chilton, and Scott Green (2014), A Legacy of Learning: Essays in Honor of Jacob Neusner , 63; Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 202; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 49, 147, 310; Flynn (2018), Children in Ancient Israel: The Hebrew Bible and Mesopotamia in Comparative Perspective, 146, 147, 148, 149; Ganzel and Holtz (2020), Contextualizing Jewish Temples, 108, 133; Gera (2014), Judith, 201, 211, 322, 454; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 171; Levine (2005), The Ancient Synagogue, The First Thousand Years, 32; Lieber (2014), A Vocabulary of Desire: The Song of Songs in the Early Synagogue, 181; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 164, 237

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24.7 שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים רָאשֵׁיכֶם וְהִנָּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבוֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד׃ 24.8 מִי זֶה מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהוָה עִזּוּז וְגִבּוֹר יְהוָה גִּבּוֹר מִלְחָמָה׃ 24.9 שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים רָאשֵׁיכֶם וּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד׃
74.12
וֵאלֹהִים מַלְכִּי מִקֶּדֶם פֹּעֵל יְשׁוּעוֹת בְּקֶרֶב הָאָרֶץ׃ 74.13 אַתָּה פוֹרַרְתָּ בְעָזְּךָ יָם שִׁבַּרְתָּ רָאשֵׁי תַנִּינִים עַל־הַמָּיִם׃ 74.14 אַתָּה רִצַּצְתָּ רָאשֵׁי לִוְיָתָן תִּתְּנֶנּוּ מַאֲכָל לְעָם לְצִיִּים׃ 74.15 אַתָּה בָקַעְתָּ מַעְיָן וָנָחַל אַתָּה הוֹבַשְׁתָּ נַהֲרוֹת אֵיתָן׃
92.13
צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרָח כְּאֶרֶז בַּלְּבָנוֹן יִשְׂגֶּה׃
99.5
רוֹמְמוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַהֲדֹם רַגְלָיו קָדוֹשׁ הוּא׃
114.2
הָיְתָה יְהוּדָה לְקָדְשׁוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל מַמְשְׁלוֹתָיו׃' ' None
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24.7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors; that the King of glory may come in.' "24.8 'Who is the King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, The LORD mighty in battle.'" '24.9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, Yea, lift them up, ye everlasting doors; That the King of glory may come in.
74.12
Yet God is my King of old, Working salvation in the midst of the earth. 74.13 Thou didst break the sea in pieces by Thy strength; Thou didst shatter the heads of the sea-monsters in the waters. 74.14 Thou didst crush the heads of leviathan, Thou gavest him to be food to the folk inhabiting the wilderness. 74.15 Thou didst cleave fountain and brook; Thou driedst up ever-flowing rivers. 74 It seemed as when men wield upwards Axes in a thicket of trees.,Lift up Thy steps because of the perpetual ruins, Even all the evil that the enemy hath done in the sanctuary.,Yet God is my King of old, Working salvation in the midst of the earth.,They said in their heart: 'Let us make havoc of them altogether'; They have burned up all the meeting-places of God in the land.,Look upon the covet; For the dark places of the land are full of the habitations of violence.,Maschil of Asaph. Why, O God, hast Thou cast us off for ever? Why doth Thine anger smoke against the flock of Thy pasture?,Thou hast set all the borders of the earth; Thou hast made summer and winter.,Thine adversaries have roared in the midst of Thy meeting-place; They have set up their own signs for signs.,And now all the carved work thereof together They strike down with hatchet and hammers.,Arise, O God, plead Thine own cause; Remember Thy reproach all the day at the hand of the base man.,We see not our signs; There is no more any prophet; Neither is there among us any that knoweth how long.,O deliver not the soul of Thy turtle-dove unto the wild beast; Forget not the life of Thy poor for ever.,Remember Thy congregation, which Thou hast gotten of old, Which Thou hast redeemed to be the tribe of Thine inheritance; And mount Zion, wherein Thou hast dwelt.,Remember this, how the enemy hath reproached the LORD, And how a base people have blasphemed Thy name.,Thou didst crush the heads of leviathan, Thou gavest him to be food to the folk inhabiting the wilderness.,Thou didst break the sea in pieces by Thy strength; Thou didst shatter the heads of the sea-monsters in the waters.,Why withdrawest Thou Thy hand, even Thy right hand? Draw it out of Thy bosom and consume them.,O let not the oppressed turn back in confusion; Let the poor and needy praise Thy name.,They have set Thy sanctuary on fire; They have profaned the dwelling-place of Thy name even to the ground.,Thou didst cleave fountain and brook; Thou driedst up ever-flowing rivers.,Thine is the day, Thine also the night; Thou hast established luminary and sun.,How long, O God, shall the adversary reproach? Shall the enemy blaspheme Thy name for ever?,Forget not the voice of Thine adversaries, The tumult of those that rise up against Thee which ascendeth continually." "
92.13
The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree; He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.
99.5
Exalt ye the LORD our God, And prostrate yourselves at His footstool; Holy is He. 105 He hath remembered His covet for ever, The word which He commanded to a thousand generations;,And when they went about from nation to nation, From one kingdom to another people,,To bind his princes at his pleasure, And teach his elders wisdom.,And did eat up every herb in their land, And did eat up the fruit of their ground.,Saying: 'Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, The lot of your inheritance.',And He established it unto Jacob for a statute, To Israel for an everlasting covet;,He opened the rock, and waters gushed out; They ran, a river in the dry places.,They asked, and He brought quails, And gave them in plenty the bread of heaven.,He spread a cloud for a screen; And fire to give light in the night.,And He brought forth His people with joy, His chosen ones with singing.,He smote also all the first-born in their land, The first-fruits of all their strength.,And He increased His people greatly, And made them too mighty for their adversaries.,O give thanks unto the LORD, call upon His name; Make known His doings among the peoples.,He sent a man before them; Joseph was sold for a servant;,And He called a famine upon the land; He broke the whole staff of bread.,He spoke, and there came swarms of flies, And gnats in all their borders.,Until the time that his word came to pass, The word of the LORD tested him.,Their land swarmed with frogs, In the chambers of their kings.,He smote their vines also and their fig-trees; And broke the trees of their borders.,His feet they hurt with fetters, His person was laid in iron;,He gave them hail for rain, And flaming fire in their land.,They wrought among them His manifold signs, And wonders in the land of Ham.,He sent Moses His servant, And Aaron whom He had chosen.,And He gave them the lands of the nations, And they took the labour of the peoples in possession;,He spoke, and the locust came, And the canker-worm without number,,When they were but a few men in number. Yea, very few, and sojourners in it,,Egypt was glad when they departed; For the fear of them had fallen upon them.,And He brought them forth with silver and gold; And there was none that stumbled among His tribes.,He suffered no man to do them wrong, Yea, for their sake He reproved kings:,He made him lord of his house, And ruler of all his possessions;,He is the LORD our God; His judgments are in all the earth.,The covet which He made with Abraham, And His oath unto Isaac;,He turned their waters into blood, And slew their fish.,He sent darkness, and it was dark; And they rebelled not against His word.,Seek ye the LORD and His strength; Seek His face continually.,For He remembered His holy word Unto Abraham His servant;,Remember His marvellous works that He hath done, His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth;,Glory ye in His holy name; Let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.,Israel also came into Egypt; And Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.,O ye seed of Abraham His servant, Ye children of Jacob, His chosen ones.,Sing unto Him, sing praises unto Him; Speak ye of all His marvellous works.,He turned their heart to hate His people, To deal craftily with His servants.,That they might keep His statutes, And observe His laws. Hallelujah.,'Touch not Mine anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm.',The king sent and loosed him; Even the ruler of the peoples, and set him free."106 And the waters covered their adversaries; There was not one of them left.,Nevertheless He looked upon their distress, When He heard their cry;,They joined themselves also unto Baal of Peor, And ate the sacrifices of the dead.,Wondrous works in the land of Ham, Terrible things by the Red Sea.,And that He would cast out their seed among the nations, And scatter them in the lands.,And He gave them into the hand of the nations; And they that hated them ruled over them.,Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen stood before Him in the breach, To turn back His wrath, lest He should destroy them.,Nevertheless He saved them for His name's sake, that He might make His mighty power to be known.,Then believed they His words; They sang His praise.,Yea, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters unto demons,,Thus were they defiled with their works, And went astray in their doings.,They were jealous also of Moses in the camp, And of Aaron the holy one of the LORD.,Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against His people, And He abhorred His inheritance.,They angered Him also at the waters of Meribah, And it went ill with Moses because of them;,They did not destroy the peoples, As the LORD commanded them;,Therefore He swore concerning them, That He would overthrow them in the wilderness;,Happy are they that keep justice, that do righteousness at all times.,Many times did He deliver them; But they were rebellious in their counsel, And sank low through their iniquity.,But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, And tried God in the desert.,Our fathers in Egypt gave no heed unto Thy wonders; they remembered not the multitude of Thy mercies; but were rebellious at the sea, even at the Red Sea.,And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters, Whom they sacrificed unto the idols of Canaan; And the land was polluted with blood.,Moreover, they scorned the desirable land, They believed not His word;,Then stood up Phinehas, and wrought judgment, And so the plague was stayed.,Thus they provoked Him with their doings, And the plague broke in upon them.,They made a calf in Horeb, And worshipped a molten image.,Remember me, O LORD, when Thou favourest Thy people; O think of me at Thy salvation;,And they served their idols, Which became a snare unto them;,That I may behold the prosperity of Thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of Thy nation, that I may glory with Thine inheritance.,We have sinned with our fathers, we have done iniquitously, we have dealt wickedly.,They soon forgot His works; They waited not for His counsel;,Their enemies also oppressed them, And they were subdued under their hand.,The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, And covered the company of Abiram.,And He gave them their request; But sent leanness into their soul.,Thus they exchanged their glory For the likeness of an ox that eateth grass.,And a fire was kindled in their company; The flame burned up the wicked.,And He remembered for them His covet, And repented according to the multitude of His mercies.,For they embittered his spirit, And he spoke rashly with his lips.,And He saved them from the hand of him that hated them, And redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.,Save us, O LORD our God, And gather us from among the nations, That we may give thanks unto Thy holy name, That we may triumph in Thy praise.,Hallelujah. O give thanks unto the LORD; for He is good; for His mercy endureth for ever.,Who can express the mighty acts of the LORD, or make all His praise to be heard?,And He rebuked the Red Sea, and it was dried up; and He led them through the depths, as through a wilderness.,He made them also to be pitied of all those that carried them captive.,They forgot God their saviour, Who had done great things in Egypt;,But mingled themselves with the nations, And learned their works;,And that was counted unto him for righteousness, Unto all generations for ever.,And they murmured in their tents, They hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD.,Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting even to everlasting, and let all the people say: 'Amen.' Hallelujah." "
114.2
Judah became His sanctuary, Israel His dominion.' "137 For there they that led us captive asked of us words of song, And our tormentors asked of us mirth: ‘Sing us one of the songs of Zion.',If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, Let my right hand forget her cunning.,O daughter of Babylon, that art to be destroyed; Happy shall he be, that repayeth thee As thou hast served us.,Upon the willows in the midst thereof We hanged up our harps.,Remember, O LORD, against the children of Edom The day of Jerusalem; Who said: 'Rase it, rase it, Even to the foundation thereof.',Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones Against the rock.,By the rivers of Babylon, There we sat down, yea, we wept, When we remembered Zion.,Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, If I remember thee not; If I set not Jerusalem Above my chiefest joy.,How shall we sing the LORD’S song In a foreign land?" "' None
14. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 2.13, 2.19, 2.28, 8.11, 22.23 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian Exile • Exile • Prophecy, exilic and post-exilic • exile • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • mikdash me'at, as metaphor for deitys accessibility in exile

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 334; Ganzel and Holtz (2020), Contextualizing Jewish Temples, 133; Gera (2014), Judith, 317; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 173; Klein and Wienand (2022), City of Caesar, City of God: Constantinople and Jerusalem in Late Antiquity, 222; Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 123; Zawanowska and Wilk (2022), The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam: Warrior, Poet, Prophet and King, 423

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2.13 וַיָּבֹא אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ בֶן־חַגֵּית אֶל־בַּת־שֶׁבַע אֵם־שְׁלֹמֹה וַתֹּאמֶר הֲשָׁלוֹם בֹּאֶךָ וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁלוֹם׃
2.19
וַתָּבֹא בַת־שֶׁבַע אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה לְדַבֶּר־לוֹ עַל־אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ וַיָּקָם הַמֶּלֶךְ לִקְרָאתָהּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לָהּ וַיֵּשֶׁב עַל־כִּסְאוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם כִּסֵּא לְאֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ וַתֵּשֶׁב לִימִינוֹ׃
2.28
וְהַשְּׁמֻעָה בָּאָה עַד־יוֹאָב כִּי יוֹאָב נָטָה אַחֲרֵי אֲדֹנִיָּה וְאַחֲרֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם לֹא נָטָה וַיָּנָס יוֹאָב אֶל־אֹהֶל יְהוָה וַיַּחֲזֵק בְּקַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃
8.11
וְלֹא־יָכְלוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים לַעֲמֹד לְשָׁרֵת מִפְּנֵי הֶעָנָן כִּי־מָלֵא כְבוֹד־יְהוָה אֶת־בֵּית יְהוָה׃
22.23
וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה נָתַן יְהוָה רוּחַ שֶׁקֶר בְּפִי כָּל־נְבִיאֶיךָ אֵלֶּה וַיהוָה דִּבֶּר עָלֶיךָ רָעָה׃'' None
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2.13 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon. And she said: ‘Comest thou peaceably?’ And he said: ‘Peaceably.’
2.19
Bath-sheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed down unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a throne to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand.
2.28
And the tidings came to Joab; for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the Tent of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
8.11
o that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
22.23
Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets; and the LORD hath spoken evil concerning thee.’'' None
15. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 2.27, 17.26, 17.43, 31.13 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Shekhinah, Exile of • exile • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, post-exile

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 135, 139, 223, 351; Gera (2014), Judith, 188, 222; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 171; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 1059; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 384; Toloni (2022), The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis, 11

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2.27 וַיָּבֹא אִישׁ־אֱלֹהִים אֶל־עֵלִי וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה הֲנִגְלֹה נִגְלֵיתִי אֶל־בֵּית אָבִיךָ בִּהְיוֹתָם בְּמִצְרַיִם לְבֵית פַּרְעֹה׃
17.26
וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל־הָאֲנָשִׁים הָעֹמְדִים עִמּוֹ לֵאמֹר מַה־יֵּעָשֶׂה לָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יַכֶּה אֶת־הַפְּלִשְׁתִּי הַלָּז וְהֵסִיר חֶרְפָּה מֵעַל יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי מִי הַפְּלִשְׁתִּי הֶעָרֵל הַזֶּה כִּי חֵרֵף מַעַרְכוֹת אֱלֹהִים חַיִּים׃
17.43
וַיֹּאמֶר הַפְּלִשְׁתִּי אֶל־דָּוִד הֲכֶלֶב אָנֹכִי כִּי־אַתָּה בָא־אֵלַי בַּמַּקְלוֹת וַיְקַלֵּל הַפְּלִשְׁתִּי אֶת־דָּוִד בֵּאלֹהָיו׃
31.13
וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת־עַצְמֹתֵיהֶם וַיִּקְבְּרוּ תַחַת־הָאֶשֶׁל בְּיָבֵשָׁה וַיָּצֻמוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים׃'' None
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2.27 And there came a man of God to ῾Eli and said to him, Thus says the Lord, Did I not appear to the house of thy father, when they were in Miżrayim in the house of Par῾o?
17.26
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills yonder Pelishtian, and takes away the reproach from Yisra᾽el? for who is this uncircumcised Pelishtian, that he should taunt the armies of the living God?
17.43
And the Pelishtian said to David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with sticks? And the Pelishtian cursed David by his gods.
31.13
And they took their bones, and buried them under a tamarisk tree at Yavesh, and fasted seven days.'' None
16. Hebrew Bible, 2 Kings, 15.29, 17.13, 18.11-18.12, 19.15, 24.12-24.15, 25.7-25.21 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile, • Deportations Babylonian Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • War, transportation of idols of defeated into exile • exile • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 91; Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 169; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 290, 297; Bickerman and Tropper (2007), Studies in Jewish and Christian History, 973; Gera (2014), Judith, 46, 136, 175, 201, 213, 322; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801; Nikolsky and Ilan (2014), Rabbinic Traditions Between Palestine and Babylonia, 3, 4, 29, 158; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 113, 117, 377; van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 50

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15.29 בִּימֵי פֶּקַח מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּא תִּגְלַת פִּלְאֶסֶר מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וַיִּקַּח אֶת־עִיּוֹן וְאֶת־אָבֵל בֵּית־מַעֲכָה וְאֶת־יָנוֹחַ וְאֶת־קֶדֶשׁ וְאֶת־חָצוֹר וְאֶת־הַגִּלְעָד וְאֶת־הַגָּלִילָה כֹּל אֶרֶץ נַפְתָּלִי וַיַּגְלֵם אַשּׁוּרָה׃
17.13
וַיָּעַד יְהוָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וּבִיהוּדָה בְּיַד כָּל־נביאו נְבִיאֵי כָל־חֹזֶה לֵאמֹר שֻׁבוּ מִדַּרְכֵיכֶם הָרָעִים וְשִׁמְרוּ מִצְוֺתַי חֻקּוֹתַי כְּכָל־הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אֶת־אֲבֹתֵיכֶם וַאֲשֶׁר שָׁלַחְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶם בְּיַד עֲבָדַי הַנְּבִיאִים׃
18.11
וַיֶּגֶל מֶלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל אַשּׁוּרָה וַיַּנְחֵם בַּחְלַח וּבְחָבוֹר נְהַר גּוֹזָן וְעָרֵי מָדָי׃ 18.12 עַל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־שָׁמְעוּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וַיַּעַבְרוּ אֶת־בְּרִיתוֹ אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהוָה וְלֹא שָׁמְעוּ וְלֹא עָשׂוּ׃
19.15
וַיִּתְפַּלֵּל חִזְקִיָּהוּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יֹשֵׁב הַכְּרֻבִים אַתָּה־הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים לְבַדְּךָ לְכֹל מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃
24.12
וַיֵּצֵא יְהוֹיָכִין מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה עַל־מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל הוּא וְאִמּוֹ וַעֲבָדָיו וְשָׂרָיו וְסָרִיסָיו וַיִּקַּח אֹתוֹ מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בִּשְׁנַת שְׁמֹנֶה לְמָלְכוֹ׃ 24.13 וַיּוֹצֵא מִשָּׁם אֶת־כָּל־אוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית יְהוָה וְאוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיְקַצֵּץ אֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵי הַזָּהָב אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה שְׁלֹמֹה מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּהֵיכַל יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהוָה׃ 24.14 וְהִגְלָה אֶת־כָּל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאֶת־כָּל־הַשָּׂרִים וְאֵת כָּל־גִּבּוֹרֵי הַחַיִל עשרה עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים גּוֹלֶה וְכָל־הֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר לֹא נִשְׁאַר זוּלַת דַּלַּת עַם־הָאָרֶץ׃ 24.15 וַיֶּגֶל אֶת־יְהוֹיָכִין בָּבֶלָה וְאֶת־אֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁי הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־סָרִיסָיו וְאֵת אולי אֵילֵי הָאָרֶץ הוֹלִיךְ גּוֹלָה מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה׃
25.7
וְאֶת־בְּנֵי צִדְקִיָּהוּ שָׁחֲטוּ לְעֵינָיו וְאֶת־עֵינֵי צִדְקִיָּהוּ עִוֵּר וַיַּאַסְרֵהוּ בַנְחֻשְׁתַּיִם וַיְבִאֵהוּ בָּבֶל׃ 25.8 וּבַחֹדֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁי בְּשִׁבְעָה לַחֹדֶשׁ הִיא שְׁנַת תְּשַׁע־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לַמֶּלֶךְ נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל בָּא נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים עֶבֶד מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃ 25.9 וַיִּשְׂרֹף אֶת־בֵּית־יְהוָה וְאֶת־בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת כָּל־בָּתֵּי יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאֶת־כָּל־בֵּית גָּדוֹל שָׂרַף בָּאֵשׁ׃' '25.11 וְאֵת יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים בָּעִיר וְאֶת־הַנֹּפְלִים אֲשֶׁר נָפְלוּ עַל־הַמֶּלֶךְ בָּבֶל וְאֵת יֶתֶר הֶהָמוֹן הֶגְלָה נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים׃ 25.12 וּמִדַּלַּת הָאָרֶץ הִשְׁאִיר רַב־טַבָּחִים לְכֹרְמִים וּלְיֹגְבִים׃ 25.13 וְאֶת־עַמּוּדֵי הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר בֵּית־יְהוָה וְאֶת־הַמְּכֹנוֹת וְאֶת־יָם הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית־יְהוָה שִׁבְּרוּ כַשְׂדִּים וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־נְחֻשְׁתָּם בָּבֶלָה׃ 25.14 וְאֶת־הַסִּירֹת וְאֶת־הַיָּעִים וְאֶת־הַמְזַמְּרוֹת וְאֶת־הַכַּפּוֹת וְאֵת כָּל־כְּלֵי הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר יְשָׁרְתוּ־בָם לָקָחוּ׃ 25.15 וְאֶת־הַמַּחְתּוֹת וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָקוֹת אֲשֶׁר זָהָב זָהָב וַאֲשֶׁר־כֶּסֶף כָּסֶף לָקַח רַב־טַבָּחִים׃ 25.16 הָעַמּוּדִים שְׁנַיִם הַיָּם הָאֶחָד וְהַמְּכֹנוֹת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה שְׁלֹמֹה לְבֵית יְהוָה לֹא־הָיָה מִשְׁקָל לִנְחֹשֶׁת כָּל־הַכֵּלִים הָאֵלֶּה׃ 25.17 שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה אַמָּה קוֹמַת הָעַמּוּד הָאֶחָד וְכֹתֶרֶת עָלָיו נְחֹשֶׁת וְקוֹמַת הַכֹּתֶרֶת שָׁלֹשׁ אמה אַמּוֹת וּשְׂבָכָה וְרִמֹּנִים עַל־הַכֹּתֶרֶת סָבִיב הַכֹּל נְחֹשֶׁת וְכָאֵלֶּה לַעַמּוּד הַשֵּׁנִי עַל־הַשְּׂבָכָה׃ 25.18 וַיִּקַּח רַב־טַבָּחִים אֶת־שְׂרָיָה כֹּהֵן הָרֹאשׁ וְאֶת־צְפַנְיָהוּ כֹּהֵן מִשְׁנֶה וְאֶת־שְׁלֹשֶׁת שֹׁמְרֵי הַסַּף׃ 25.19 וּמִן־הָעִיר לָקַח סָרִיס אֶחָד אֲ\u200dשֶׁר־הוּא פָקִיד עַל־אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה אֲנָשִׁים מֵרֹאֵי פְנֵי־הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר נִמְצְאוּ בָעִיר וְאֵת הַסֹּפֵר שַׂר הַצָּבָא הַמַּצְבִּא אֶת־עַם הָאָרֶץ וְשִׁשִּׁים אִישׁ מֵעַם הָאָרֶץ הַנִּמְצְאִים בָּעִיר׃ 25.21 וַיַּךְ אֹתָם מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וַיְמִיתֵם בְּרִבְלָה בְּאֶרֶץ חֲמָת וַיִּגֶל יְהוּדָה מֵעַל אַדְמָתוֹ׃'' None
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15.29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maacah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria.
17.13
yet the LORD forewarned Israel, and Judah, by the hand of every prophet, and of every seer, saying: ‘Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by the hand of My servants the prophets’;
18.11
And the king of Assyria carried Israel away unto Assyria, and put them in Halah, and in Habor, on the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes; 18.12 because they hearkened not to the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed His covet, even all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear it, nor do it.
19.15
And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said: ‘O LORD, the God of Israel, that sittest upon the cherubim, Thou art the God, even Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; Thou hast made heaven and earth.
24.12
And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers; and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. 24.13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said. 24.14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths; none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land. 24.15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon; and the king’s mother, and the king’s wives, and his officers, and the chief men of the land, carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
25.7
And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him in fetters, and carried him to Babylon. 25.8 Now in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem. 25.9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king’s house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every great man’s house, burnt he with fire. 25.10 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, broke down the walls of Jerusalem round about. 25.11 And the residue of the people that were left in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the residue of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away captive. 25.12 But the captain of the guard left of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen. 25.13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases and the brazen sea that were in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldeans break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon. 25.14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the pans, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. 25.15 And the fire-pans, and the basins, that which was of gold, in gold, and that which was of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away. 25.16 The two pillars, the one sea, and the bases, which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight. 25.17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and a capital of brass was upon it; and the height of the capital was three cubits; with network and pomegranates upon the capital round about, all of brass; and like unto these had the second pillar with network. 25.18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door; 25.19 and out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war; and five men of them that saw the king’s face, who were found in the city; and the scribe of the captain of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the city. 25.20 And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah. 25.21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away captive out of his land.'' None
17. Hebrew Bible, 2 Samuel, 1.23, 7.23, 12.21, 23.5 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian exile, • Babylonian exile, return from • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Shekhinah, Exile of • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 169; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 73; Brakke, Satlow, Weitzman (2005), Religion and the Self in Antiquity. 43; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 135, 351, 353, 354; Gera (2014), Judith, 188, 322; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 288, 377

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1.23 שָׁאוּל וִיהוֹנָתָן הַנֶּאֱהָבִים וְהַנְּעִימִם בְּחַיֵּיהֶם וּבְמוֹתָם לֹא נִפְרָדוּ מִנְּשָׁרִים קַלּוּ מֵאֲרָיוֹת גָּבֵרוּ׃
7.23
וּמִי כְעַמְּךָ כְּיִשְׂרָאֵל גּוֹי אֶחָד בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר הָלְכוּ־אֱלֹהִים לִפְדּוֹת־לוֹ לְעָם וְלָשׂוּם לוֹ שֵׁם וְלַעֲשׂוֹת לָכֶם הַגְּדוּלָּה וְנֹרָאוֹת לְאַרְצֶךָ מִפְּנֵי עַמְּךָ אֲשֶׁר פָּדִיתָ לְּךָ מִמִּצְרַיִם גּוֹיִם וֵאלֹהָיו׃
12.21
וַיֹּאמְרוּ עֲבָדָיו אֵלָיו מָה־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָה בַּעֲבוּר הַיֶּלֶד חַי צַמְתָּ וַתֵּבְךְּ וְכַאֲשֶׁר מֵת הַיֶּלֶד קַמְתָּ וַתֹּאכַל לָחֶם׃
23.5
כִּי־לֹא־כֵן בֵּיתִי עִם־אֵל כִּי בְרִית עוֹלָם שָׂם לִי עֲרוּכָה בַכֹּל וּשְׁמֻרָה כִּי־כָל־יִשְׁעִי וְכָל־חֵפֶץ כִּי־לֹא יַצְמִיחַ׃'' None
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1.23 Sha᾽ul and Yehonatan were loved and dear in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
7.23
And what one nation in the earth is like Thy people, like Yisra᾽el, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make himself a name, and to do like the great things and terrible which Thou didst for Thy land, by driving out from before Thy people, whom Thou didst redeem to Thee from Miżrayim, the nations and their gods?
12.21
Then his servants said to him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.
23.5
but is not my house firm with God? for he has made with me an everlasting covet, ordered in all things and sure; for will he not make all my salvation, and all my desire, to prosper?'' None
18. Hebrew Bible, Amos, 3.8, 5.26-5.27 (8th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile/Exilic • Exiles, Babylonian • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Lamentations, exile imagery in • community, exile motif in • exile • exile, Gods presence in • exile, concept of • self-exile

 Found in books: Allen and Doedens (2022), Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature 86; Ben-Eliyahu (2019), Identity and Territory : Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity. 66; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 54; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 174; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 96

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3.8 אַרְיֵה שָׁאָג מִי לֹא יִירָא אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה דִּבֶּר מִי לֹא יִנָּבֵא׃
5.26
וּנְשָׂאתֶם אֵת סִכּוּת מַלְכְּכֶם וְאֵת כִּיּוּן צַלְמֵיכֶם כּוֹכַב אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם לָכֶם׃ 5.27 וְהִגְלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם מֵהָלְאָה לְדַמָּשֶׂק אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי־צְבָאוֹת שְׁמוֹ׃'' None
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3.8 The lion hath roared, Who will not fear? The Lord GOD hath spoken, Who can but prophesy?
5.26
So shall ye take up Siccuth your king and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves. 5.27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith He, whose name is the LORD God of hosts.'' None
19. Hebrew Bible, Habakkuk, 2.2 (8th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • exile

 Found in books: Lester (2018), Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5. 36; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 24, 25

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2.2 וַיַּעֲנֵנִי יְהוָה וַיֹּאמֶר כְּתוֹב חָזוֹן וּבָאֵר עַל־הַלֻּחוֹת לְמַעַן יָרוּץ קוֹרֵא בוֹ׃
2.2
וַיהוָה בְּהֵיכַל קָדְשׁוֹ הַס מִפָּנָיו כָּל־הָאָרֶץ׃'' None
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2.2 And the LORD answered me, and said: ‘Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables, That a man may read it swiftly.'' None
20. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 1.2, 2.10, 8.1, 8.20, 37.16, 40.1, 40.3, 40.28, 43.6, 43.14, 45.1, 45.5, 47.6, 49.14, 49.22, 51.9-51.11, 52.2, 52.11-52.12, 54.7, 54.16, 55.7, 60.2, 60.13, 60.15, 61.8, 63.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonia, exile in • Babylonian exile (golah) • Babylonian exile, return from • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile/Exilic • First Isaiah, exile narrative in • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Jerusalem, exile from • Lamentations, exile imagery in • Return from exile (general) • Second Isaiah, exiles in • Shekhinah, Exile of • Zion, exiles return to • exile • exile XIII–XIV, • exile, Babylonian • exile, Gods presence in • exile, as sign of divine displeasure • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, in Isaiah • exile, redemption • exile, restoration after • exile, return from • self-exile • temple in Jerusalem, exiles return to

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 91; Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 447; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 73; Bickerman and Tropper (2007), Studies in Jewish and Christian History, 88; Brakke, Satlow, Weitzman (2005), Religion and the Self in Antiquity. 42, 43; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 49, 78, 134, 135, 139, 143, 144, 147, 156, 167, 170, 223, 351, 352, 357, 358, 363; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 44, 45, 53; Gera (2014), Judith, 46, 143, 144, 215, 222, 322; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 66, 171; Lester (2018), Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5. 36; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801, 830, 1059; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160, 161; Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 287; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 14, 38; Nikolsky and Ilan (2014), Rabbinic Traditions Between Palestine and Babylonia, 158; Rüpke and Woolf (2013), Religious Dimensions of the Self in the Second Century CE. 55; Salvesen et al. (2020), Israel in Egypt: The Land of Egypt as Concept and Reality for Jews in Antiquity and the Early Medieval Period, 29; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 33, 43, 44, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 64, 65, 126, 127, 132, 136; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 288, 377

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1.2 וְאִם־תְּמָאֲנוּ וּמְרִיתֶם חֶרֶב תְּאֻכְּלוּ כִּי פִּי יְהוָה דִּבֵּר׃
1.2
שִׁמְעוּ שָׁמַיִם וְהַאֲזִינִי אֶרֶץ כִּי יְהוָה דִּבֵּר בָּנִים גִּדַּלְתִּי וְרוֹמַמְתִּי וְהֵם פָּשְׁעוּ בִי׃' 8.1 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֵלַי קַח־לְךָ גִּלָּיוֹן גָּדוֹל וּכְתֹב עָלָיו בְּחֶרֶט אֱנוֹשׁ לְמַהֵר שָׁלָל חָשׁ בַּז׃
8.1
עֻצוּ עֵצָה וְתֻפָר דַּבְּרוּ דָבָר וְלֹא יָקוּם כִּי עִמָּנוּ אֵל׃
37.16
יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יֹשֵׁב הַכְּרֻבִים אַתָּה־הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים לְבַדְּךָ לְכֹל מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃
40.1
הִנֵּה אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה בְּחָזָק יָבוֹא וּזְרֹעוֹ מֹשְׁלָה לוֹ הִנֵּה שְׂכָרוֹ אִתּוֹ וּפְעֻלָּתוֹ לְפָנָיו׃
40.1
נַחֲמוּ נַחֲמוּ עַמִּי יֹאמַר אֱלֹהֵיכֶם׃
40.3
וְיִעֲפוּ נְעָרִים וְיִגָעוּ וּבַחוּרִים כָּשׁוֹל יִכָּשֵׁלוּ׃
40.3
קוֹל קוֹרֵא בַּמִּדְבָּר פַּנּוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהוָה יַשְּׁרוּ בָּעֲרָבָה מְסִלָּה לֵאלֹהֵינוּ׃
40.28
הֲלוֹא יָדַעְתָּ אִם־לֹא שָׁמַעְתָּ אֱלֹהֵי עוֹלָם יְהוָה בּוֹרֵא קְצוֹת הָאָרֶץ לֹא יִיעַף וְלֹא יִיגָע אֵין חֵקֶר לִתְבוּנָתוֹ׃
43.6
אֹמַר לַצָּפוֹן תֵּנִי וּלְתֵימָן אַל־תִּכְלָאִי הָבִיאִי בָנַי מֵרָחוֹק וּבְנוֹתַי מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ׃
43.14
כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה גֹּאַלְכֶם קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל לְמַעַנְכֶם שִׁלַּחְתִּי בָבֶלָה וְהוֹרַדְתִּי בָרִיחִים כֻּלָּם וְכַשְׂדִּים בָּאֳנִיּוֹת רִנָּתָם׃
45.1
הוֹי אֹמֵר לְאָב מַה־תּוֹלִיד וּלְאִשָּׁה מַה־תְּחִילִין׃
45.1
כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה לִמְשִׁיחוֹ לְכוֹרֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר־הֶחֱזַקְתִּי בִימִינוֹ לְרַד־לְפָנָיו גּוֹיִם וּמָתְנֵי מְלָכִים אֲפַתֵּחַ לִפְתֹּחַ לְפָנָיו דְּלָתַיִם וּשְׁעָרִים לֹא יִסָּגֵרוּ׃
45.5
אֲנִי יְהוָה וְאֵין עוֹד זוּלָתִי אֵין אֱלֹהִים אֲאַזֶּרְךָ וְלֹא יְדַעְתָּנִי׃
47.6
קָצַפְתִּי עַל־עַמִּי חִלַּלְתִּי נַחֲלָתִי וָאֶתְּנֵם בְּיָדֵךְ לֹא־שַׂמְתְּ לָהֶם רַחֲמִים עַל־זָקֵן הִכְבַּדְתְּ עֻלֵּךְ מְאֹד׃
49.14
וַתֹּאמֶר צִיּוֹן עֲזָבַנִי יְהוָה וַאדֹנָי שְׁכֵחָנִי׃
49.22
כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנֵּה אֶשָּׂא אֶל־גּוֹיִם יָדִי וְאֶל־עַמִּים אָרִים נִסִּי וְהֵבִיאוּ בָנַיִךְ בְּחֹצֶן וּבְנֹתַיִךְ עַל־כָּתֵף תִּנָּשֶׂאנָה׃
51.9
עוּרִי עוּרִי לִבְשִׁי־עֹז זְרוֹעַ יְהוָה עוּרִי כִּימֵי קֶדֶם דֹּרוֹת עוֹלָמִים הֲלוֹא אַתְּ־הִיא הַמַּחְצֶבֶת רַהַב מְחוֹלֶלֶת תַּנִּין׃ 51.11 וּפְדוּיֵי יְהוָה יְשׁוּבוּן וּבָאוּ צִיּוֹן בְּרִנָּה וְשִׂמְחַת עוֹלָם עַל־רֹאשָׁם שָׂשׂוֹן וְשִׂמְחָה יַשִּׂיגוּן נָסוּ יָגוֹן וַאֲנָחָה׃
52.2
הִתְנַעֲרִי מֵעָפָר קוּמִי שְּׁבִי יְרוּשָׁלִָם התפתחו הִתְפַּתְּחִי מוֹסְרֵי צַוָּארֵךְ שְׁבִיָּה בַּת־צִיּוֹן׃
52.11
סוּרוּ סוּרוּ צְאוּ מִשָּׁם טָמֵא אַל־תִּגָּעוּ צְאוּ מִתּוֹכָהּ הִבָּרוּ נֹשְׂאֵי כְּלֵי יְהוָה׃ 52.12 כִּי לֹא בְחִפָּזוֹן תֵּצֵאוּ וּבִמְנוּסָה לֹא תֵלֵכוּן כִּי־הֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵיכֶם יְהוָה וּמְאַסִּפְכֶם אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃
54.7
בְּרֶגַע קָטֹן עֲזַבְתִּיךְ וּבְרַחֲמִים גְּדֹלִים אֲקַבְּצֵךְ׃
54.16
הן הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי בָּרָאתִי חָרָשׁ נֹפֵחַ בְּאֵשׁ פֶּחָם וּמוֹצִיא כְלִי לְמַעֲשֵׂהוּ וְאָנֹכִי בָּרָאתִי מַשְׁחִית לְחַבֵּל׃
55.7
יַעֲזֹב רָשָׁע דַּרְכּוֹ וְאִישׁ אָוֶן מַחְשְׁבֹתָיו וְיָשֹׁב אֶל־יְהוָה וִירַחֲמֵהוּ וְאֶל־אֱלֹהֵינוּ כִּי־יַרְבֶּה לִסְלוֹחַ׃
60.2
כִּי־הִנֵּה הַחֹשֶׁךְ יְכַסֶּה־אֶרֶץ וַעֲרָפֶל לְאֻמִּים וְעָלַיִךְ יִזְרַח יְהוָה וּכְבוֹדוֹ עָלַיִךְ יֵרָאֶה׃
60.2
לֹא־יָבוֹא עוֹד שִׁמְשֵׁךְ וִירֵחֵךְ לֹא יֵאָסֵף כִּי יְהוָה יִהְיֶה־לָּךְ לְאוֹר עוֹלָם וְשָׁלְמוּ יְמֵי אֶבְלֵךְ׃
60.13
כְּבוֹד הַלְּבָנוֹן אֵלַיִךְ יָבוֹא בְּרוֹשׁ תִּדְהָר וּתְאַשּׁוּר יַחְדָּו לְפָאֵר מְקוֹם מִקְדָּשִׁי וּמְקוֹם רַגְלַי אֲכַבֵּד׃
60.15
תַּחַת הֱיוֹתֵךְ עֲזוּבָה וּשְׂנוּאָה וְאֵין עוֹבֵר וְשַׂמְתִּיךְ לִגְאוֹן עוֹלָם מְשׂוֹשׂ דּוֹר וָדוֹר׃
61.8
כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָה אֹהֵב מִשְׁפָּט שֹׂנֵא גָזֵל בְּעוֹלָה וְנָתַתִּי פְעֻלָּתָם בֶּאֱמֶת וּבְרִית עוֹלָם אֶכְרוֹת לָהֶם׃
63.1
וְהֵמָּה מָרוּ וְעִצְּבוּ אֶת־רוּחַ קָדְשׁוֹ וַיֵּהָפֵךְ לָהֶם לְאוֹיֵב הוּא נִלְחַם־בָּם׃
63.1
מִי־זֶה בָּא מֵאֱדוֹם חֲמוּץ בְּגָדִים מִבָּצְרָה זֶה הָדוּר בִּלְבוּשׁוֹ צֹעֶה בְּרֹב כֹּחוֹ אֲנִי מְדַבֵּר בִּצְדָקָה רַב לְהוֹשִׁיעַ׃'' None
sup>
1.2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth, For the LORD hath spoken: Children I have reared, and brought up, And they have rebelled against Me.
2.10
Enter into the rock, And hide thee in the dust, From before the terror of the LORD, And from the glory of His majesty.
8.1
And the LORD said unto me: ‘Take thee a great tablet, and write upon it in common script: The spoil speedeth, the prey hasteth;
8.20
for instruction and for testimony?’—Surely they will speak according to this word, wherein there is no light.— 36 How then canst thou turn away the face of one captain, even of the least of my master’s servants? yet thou puttest thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen!,until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.,But Rab-shakeh said: ‘Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, to eat their own dung, and to drink their own water with you?’,Hearken not to Hezekiah; for thus saith the king of Assyria: Make your peace with me, and come out to me; and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;,But if thou say unto me: We trust in the LORD our God; is not that He, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and to Jerusalem: Ye shall worship before this altar?,Now therefore, I pray thee, make a wager with my master, the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.,Behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it; so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust on him.,Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rab-shakeh.,But they held their peace, and answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, saying: ‘Answer him not.’,And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it? The LORD said unto me: Go up against this land, and destroy it.’,Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rab-shakeh: ‘Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Aramean language, for we understand it; and speak not to us in the Jews’language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.’,neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying: The LORD will surely deliver us; this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.,Then came forth unto him Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.,I said: It is but vain words; for counsel and strength are for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou hast rebelled against me?,Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying: The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?,Then Rab-shakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews’language, and said: ‘Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.,Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?,Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, that Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah, and took them.,Thus saith the king: Let not Hezekiah beguile you, for he will not be able to deliver you;,Who are they among all the gods of these countries, that have delivered their country out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?’,And Rab-shakeh said unto them: ‘Say ye now to Hezekiah: Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria: What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?,And the king of Assyria sent Rab-shakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fullers’field.
37.16
’O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, that sittest upon the cherubim, Thou art the God, even Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; Thou hast made heaven and earth.
40.1
Comfort ye, comfort ye My people, saith your God.
40.3
Hark! one calleth: ‘Clear ye in the wilderness the way of the LORD, make plain in the desert a highway for our God.
40.28
Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard That the everlasting God, the LORD, The Creator of the ends of the earth, Fainteth not, neither is weary? His discernment is past searching out. 40 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, And meted out heaven with the span, And comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, And weighed the mountains in scales, And the hills in a balance?,Even as a shepherd that feedeth his flock, That gathereth the lambs in his arm, And carrieth them in his bosom, And gently leadeth those that give suck.,A holm-oak is set apart, He chooseth a tree that will not rot; He seeketh unto him a cunning craftsman To set up an image, that shall not be moved.,Bid Jerusalem take heart, and proclaim unto her, that her time of service is accomplished, that her guilt is paid off; that she hath received of the LORD’S hand double for all her sins.,Hark! one saith: ‘Proclaim!’ And he saith: ‘What shall I proclaim?’ ’All flesh is grass, And all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field;,To whom then will ye liken Me, that I should be equal? Saith the Holy One.,O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion, Get thee up into the high mountain; O thou that tellest good tidings to Jerusalem, Lift up thy voice with strength; Lift it up, be not afraid; Say unto the cities of Judah: ‘Behold your God! ’,The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; But the word of our God shall stand for ever.’,Comfort ye, comfort ye My people, saith your God.,Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, And are counted as the small dust of the balance; Behold the isles are as a mote in weight.,Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel: ‘My way is hid from the LORD, and my right is passed over from my God’?,The image perchance, which the craftsman hath melted, And the goldsmith spread over with gold, The silversmith casting silver chains?,All the nations are as nothing before Him; They are accounted by Him as things of nought, and vanity.,Hark! one calleth: ‘Clear ye in the wilderness the way of the LORD, make plain in the desert a highway for our God.,Who hath meted out the spirit of the LORD? Or who was His counsellor that he might instruct Him?,Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill shall be made low; and the rugged shall be made level, and the rough places a plain;,To whom then will ye liken God? Or what likeness will ye compare unto Him?,Behold, the Lord GOD will come as a Mighty One, And His arm will rule for Him; Behold, His reward is with Him, And His recompense before Him.,He giveth power to the faint; And to him that hath no might He increaseth strength.,Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard That the everlasting God, the LORD, The Creator of the ends of the earth, Fainteth not, neither is weary? His discernment is past searching out.,Even the youths shall faint and be weary, And the young men shall utterly fall;,With whom took He counsel, and who instructed Him, And taught Him in the path of right, And taught Him knowledge, And made Him to know the way of discernment?,And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together; for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.’,But they that wait for the LORD shall renew their strength; They shall mount up with wings as eagles; They shall run, and not be weary; They shall walk, and not faint.,That bringeth princes to nothing; He maketh the judges of the earth as a thing of nought.,And Lebanon is not sufficient fuel, Nor the beasts thereof sufficient for burnt-offerings.,The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; Because the breath of the LORD bloweth upon it— Surely the people is grass.,Lift up your eyes on high, And see: who hath created these? He that bringeth out their host by number, He calleth them all by name; By the greatness of His might, and for that He is strong in power, Not one faileth.,It is He that sitteth above the circle of the earth, And the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; That stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, And spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in;,Scarce are they planted, Scarce are they sown, Scarce hath their stock taken root in the earth; When He bloweth upon them, they wither, And the whirlwind taketh them away as stubble.,Know ye not? hear ye not? Hath it not been told you from the beginning? Have ye not understood the foundations of the earth? 41 Let them bring them forth, and declare unto us The things that shall happen; The former things, what are they? Declare ye, that we may consider, And know the end of them; Or announce to us things to come.,I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia-tree, And the myrtle, and the oil-tree; I will set in the desert the cypress, the plane-tree, and the larch together;,Thou whom I have taken hold of from the ends of the earth, And called thee from the uttermost parts thereof, And said unto thee: ‘Thou art My servant, I have chosen thee and not cast thee away’;,The isles saw, and feared; The ends of the earth trembled; They drew near, and came.,Who hath wrought and done it? He that called the generations from the beginning. I, the LORD, who am the first, And with the last am the same.,Behold, I make thee a new threshing-sledge Having sharp teeth; Thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, And shalt make the hills as chaff.,He pursueth them, and passeth on safely; The way with his feet he treadeth not.,I will open rivers on the high hills, And fountains in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, And the dry land springs of water.,So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, And he that smootheth with the hammer him that smiteth the anvil, Saying of the soldering: ‘It is good’; And he fastened it with nails, that it should not be moved.,That they may see, and know, And consider, and understand together, That the hand of the LORD hath done this, And the Holy One of Israel hath created it.,Produce your cause, saith the LORD; Bring forth your reasons, saith the King of Jacob.,For I the LORD thy God Hold thy right hand, Who say unto thee: ‘Fear not, I help thee.’,I have roused up one from the north, and he is come, From the rising of the sun one that calleth upon My name; And he shall come upon rulers as upon mortar, And as the potter treadeth clay.,Behold, all of them, Their works are vanity and nought; Their molten images are wind and confusion.,And I look, but there is no man; Even among them, but there is no counsellor, That, when I ask of them, can give an answer.,The poor and needy seek water and there is none, And their tongue faileth for thirst; I the LORD will answer them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.,They helped every one his neighbour; And every one said to his brother: ‘Be of good courage.’,Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? And beforetime, that we may say that he is right? Yea, there is none that declareth, Yea, there is none that announceth, Yea, there is none that heareth your utterances.,Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, And the whirlwind shall scatter them; And thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, Thou shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.,Who hath raised up one from the east, At whose steps victory attendeth? He giveth nations before him, And maketh him rule over kings; His sword maketh them as the dust, His bow as the driven stubble.,But thou, Israel, My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, The seed of Abraham My friend;,Keep silence before Me, O islands, And let the peoples renew their strength; Let them draw near, then let them speak; Let us come near together to judgment.,A harbinger unto Zion will I give: ‘Behold, behold them’, And to Jerusalem a messenger of good tidings.,Fear not, thou worm Jacob, And ye men of Israel; I help thee, saith the LORD, And thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.,Behold, ye are nothing, And your work a thing of nought; An abomination is he that chooseth you.,Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, Even them that contended with thee; They that warred against thee Shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.,Declare the things that are to come hereafter, That we may know that ye are gods; Yea, do good, or do evil, That we may be dismayed, and behold it together.,Behold, all they that were incensed against thee Shall be ashamed and confounded; They that strove with thee Shall be as nothing, and shall perish.,Fear thou not, for I am with thee, Be not dismayed, for I am thy God; I strengthen thee, yea, I help thee; Yea, I uphold thee with My victorious right hand. 42 Therefore He poured upon him the fury of His anger, And the strength of battle; And it set him on fire round about, yet he knew not, And it burned him, yet he laid it not to heart.,Who is blind, but My servant? Or deaf, as My messenger that I send? Who is blind as he that is wholehearted, And blind as the LORD’S servant?,He shall not fail nor be crushed, Till he have set the right in the earth; And the isles shall wait for his teaching.,Thus saith God the LORD, He that created the heavens, and stretched them forth, He that spread forth the earth and that which cometh out of it, He that giveth breath unto the people upon it, And spirit to them that walk therein:,They shall be turned back, greatly ashamed, That trust in graven images, That say unto molten images: ‘Ye are our gods.’,Seeing many things, thou observest not; Opening the ears, he heareth not.,Let them give glory unto the LORD, And declare His praise in the islands.,But this is a people robbed and spoiled, They are all of them snared in holes, And they are hid in prison-houses; They are for a prey, and none delivereth, For a spoil, and none saith: ‘Restore.’,I have long time held My peace, I have been still, and refrained Myself; Now will I cry like a travailing woman, Gasping and panting at once.,He shall not cry, nor lift up, Nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.,To open the blind eyes, To bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, And them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house. .,And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not, In paths that they knew not will I lead them; I will make darkness light before them, and rugged places plain. These things will I do, And I will not leave them undone.,Behold, the former things are come to pass, And new things do I declare; Before they spring forth I tell you of them.,Behold My servant, whom I uphold; Mine elect, in whom My soul delighteth; I have put My spirit upon him, He shall make the right to go forth to the nations.,The LORD was pleased, for His righteousness’sake, To make the teaching great and glorious.,A bruised reed shall he not break, And the dimly burning wick shall he not quench; He shall make the right to go forth according to the truth.,Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, The villages that Kedar doth inhabit; Let the inhabitants of Sela exult, Let them shout from the top of the mountains.,I will make waste mountains and hills, And dry up all their herbs; And I will make the rivers islands, And will dry up the pools.,The LORD will go forth as a mighty man, He will stir up jealousy like a man of war; He will cry, yea, He will shout aloud, He will prove Himself mighty against His enemies.,I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, And have taken hold of thy hand, And kept thee, and set thee for a covet of the people, For a light of the nations;,Sing unto the LORD a new song, And His praise from the end of the earth; Ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein, The isles, and the inhabitants thereof.,Hear, ye deaf, And look, ye blind, that ye may see.,Who among you will give ear to this? Who will hearken and hear for the time to come?,I am the LORD, that is My name; And My glory will I not give to another, Neither My praise to graven images.,Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? Did not the LORD? He against whom we have sinned, And in whose ways they would not walk, Neither were they obedient unto His law.
43.6
I will say to the north: ‘Give up’, And to the south: ‘Keep not back, bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the end of the earth;
43.14
Thus saith the LORD, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And I will bring down all of them as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, in the ships of their shouting. 43 Put Me in remembrance, let us plead together; Declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.,Every one that is called by My name, and whom I have created for My glory, I have formed him, yea, I have made him.’,I, even I, am He that blotteth out thy transgressions for Mine own sake; And thy sins I will not remember.,Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, And I have given Jacob to condemnation, And Israel to reviling.,All the nations are gathered together, and the peoples are assembled; who among them can declare this, And announce to us former things? Let them bring their witnesses, that they may be justified; And let them hear, and say: ‘It is truth.’,Who bringeth forth the chariot and horse, The army and the power— They lie down together, they shall not rise, They are extinct, they are quenched as a wick:,The people which I formed for Myself, That they might tell of My praise.,I, even I, am the LORD; and beside Me there is no saviour.,Thou hast not brought Me the small cattle of thy burnt-offerings; Neither hast thou honoured Me with thy sacrifices. I have not burdened thee with a meal-offering, Nor wearied thee with frankincense.,Remember ye not the former things, Neither consider the things of old.,I will say to the north: ‘Give up’, And to the south: ‘Keep not back, bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the end of the earth;,The blind people that have eyes shall be brought forth, and the deaf that have ears.,For I am the LORD thy God, The Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour; I have given Egypt as thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.,Yea, since the day was I am He, and there is none that can deliver out of My hand; I will work, and who can reverse it?,Behold, I will do a new thing; Now shall it spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, And rivers in the desert.,When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee, And through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee; When thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned, Neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.,Since thou art precious in My sight, and honourable, and I have loved thee; Therefore will I give men for thee, And peoples for thy life.,The beasts of the field shall honour Me, The jackals and the ostriches; Because I give waters in the wilderness, And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My people, Mine elect;,Thus saith the LORD, who maketh a way in the sea, And a path in the mighty waters;,Yet thou hast not called upon Me, O Jacob, Neither hast thou wearied thyself about Me, O Israel.,But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, And He that formed thee, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name, thou art Mine.,Thou hast bought Me no sweet cane with money, Neither hast thou satisfied Me with the fat of thy sacrifices; But thou hast burdened Me with thy sins, Thou hast wearied Me with thine iniquities.,Ye are My witnesses, saith the LORD, and My servant whom I have chosen; that ye may know and believe Me, and understand That I am He; before Me there was no God formed, neither shall any be after Me.,Thus saith the LORD, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And I will bring down all of them as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, in the ships of their shouting.,I am the LORD, your Holy One, The Creator of Israel, your King.,Thy first father sinned, And thine intercessors have transgressed against Me.,Fear not, for I am with thee; I will bring thy seed from the east, And gather thee from the west;,I have declared, and I have saved, and I have announced, and there was no strange god among you; therefore ye are My witnesses, saith the LORD, and I am God. 44 And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image; He falleth down unto it and worshippeth, and prayeth unto it, And saith: ‘Deliver me, for thou art my god.’,That confirmeth the word of His servant, And performeth the counsel of His messengers; That saith of Jerusalem: ‘She shall be inhabited’; And of the cities of Judah: ‘They shall be built, And I will raise up the waste places thereof’;,Who hath fashioned a god, or molten an image That is profitable for nothing?,The smith maketh an axe, And worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, And worketh it with his strong arm; Yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth; He drinketh no water, and is faint.,They know not, neither do they understand; For their eyes are bedaubed, that they cannot see, And their hearts, that they cannot understand.,And none considereth in his heart, Neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say: ‘I have burned the half of it in the fire; Yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh and eaten it; And shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? Shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?’,That saith to the deep: ‘Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers’;,He heweth him down cedars, And taketh the ilex and the oak, And strengtheneth for himself one among the trees of the forest; He planteth a bay-tree, and the rain doth nourish it.,And who, as I, can proclaim— Let him declare it, and set it in order for Me— Since I appointed the ancient people? And the things that are coming, and that shall come to pass, let them declare.,I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, And, as a cloud, thy sins; Return unto Me, for I have redeemed thee.,Then a man useth it for fuel; And he taketh thereof, and warmeth himself; Yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; Yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; He maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.,Thus saith the LORD that made thee, And formed thee from the womb, who will help thee: Fear not, O Jacob My servant, And thou, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.,Remember these things, O Jacob, And Israel, for thou art My servant; I have formed thee, thou art Mine own servant; O Israel, thou shouldest not forget Me.,Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, And He that formed thee from the womb: I am the LORD, that maketh all things; That stretched forth the heavens alone; That spread abroad the earth by Myself;,Thus saith the LORD, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer the LORD of hosts: I am the first, and I am the last, And beside Me there is no God.,For I will pour water upon the thirsty land, And streams upon the dry ground; I will pour My spirit upon thy seed, And My blessing upon thine offspring;,He striveth after ashes, A deceived heart hath turned him aside, That he cannot deliver his soul, nor say: ‘Is there not a lie in my right hand?’,They that fashion a graven image are all of them vanity, And their delectable things shall not profit; And their own witnesses see not, nor know; That they may be ashamed.,Yet now hear, O Jacob My servant, And Israel, whom I have chosen;,Sing, O ye heavens, for the LORD hath done it; Shout, ye lowest parts of the earth; Break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein; For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, And doth glorify Himself in Israel.,One shall say: ‘I am the LORD’S’; And another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; And another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, And surname himself by the name of Israel.,And they shall spring up among the grass, As willows by the watercourses.,That saith of Cyrus: ‘He is My shepherd, And shall perform all My pleasure’; Even saying of Jerusalem: ‘She shall be built’; And to the temple: ‘My foundation shall be laid.’,The carpenter stretcheth out a line; He marketh it out with a pencil; He fitteth it with planes, And he marketh it out with the compasses, And maketh it after the figure of a man, According to the beauty of a man, to dwell in the house.,That frustrateth the tokens of the imposters, And maketh diviners mad; That turneth wise men backward, And maketh their knowledge foolish;,He burneth the half thereof in the fire; With the half thereof he eateth flesh; He roasteth roast, and is satisfied; Yea, he warmeth himself, and saith: ‘Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire’;,Behold, all the fellows thereof shall be ashamed; And the craftsmen skilled above men; Let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; They shall fear, they shall be ashamed together.,Fear ye not, neither be afraid; Have I not announced unto thee of old, and declared it? And ye are My witnesses. Is there a God beside Me? Yea, there is no Rock; I know not any.' "
45.1
Thus saith the LORD to His anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings; to open the doors before him, and that the gates may not be shut:
45.5
I am the LORD, and there is none else, beside Me there is no God; I have girded thee, though thou hast not known Me; 45 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside Me; I am the LORD; and there is none else;,Thus saith the LORD, The Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: Ask Me of the things that are to come; Concerning My sons, and concerning the work of My hands, command ye Me.,For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens, He is God; That formed the earth and made it, He established it, He created it not to be empty or chaotic, He established it to be settled and inhabited: I am the LORD, and there is none else.,I, even I, have made the earth, And created man upon it; I, even My hands, have stretched out the heavens, And all their host have I commanded.,By Myself have I sworn, The word is gone forth from My mouth in righteousness, And shall not come back, That unto Me every knee shall bow, Every tongue shall swear.,They shall be ashamed, yea, confounded, all of them; They shall go in confusion together that are makers of idols.,I am the LORD, and there is none else, beside Me there is no God; I have girded thee, though thou hast not known Me;,And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I am the LORD, who call thee by thy name, even the God of Israel.,O Israel, that art saved by the LORD with an everlasting salvation; Ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.,Only in the LORD, shall one say of Me, is victory and strength; Even to Him shall men come in confusion, All they that were incensed against Him.,Look unto Me, and be ye saved, All the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is none else.,I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight; I will break in pieces the doors of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron;,Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness; let the earth open, that they may bring forth salvation, and let her cause righteousness to spring up together; I the LORD have created it.,Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker, as a potsherd with the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to him that fashioned it: ‘What makest thou?’ Or: ‘Thy work, it hath no hands’?,Woe unto him that saith unto his father. 'Wherefore begettest thou?’ Or to a woman: ‘Wherefore travailest thou?’,Assemble yourselves and come, draw near together, Ye that are escaped of the nations; They have no knowledge that carry the wood of their graven image, And pray unto a god that cannot save.,I have not spoken in secret, In a place of the land of darkness; I said not unto the seed of Jacob: ‘Seek ye Me in vain’; I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.,I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I am the LORD, that doeth all these things.,Thus saith the LORD: The labour of Egypt, and the merchandise of Ethiopia, And of the Sabeans, men of stature, Shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine; They shall go after thee, in chains they shall come over; And they shall fall down unto thee, They shall make supplication unto thee: Surely God is in thee, and there is none else, There is no other God.,Thus saith the LORD to His anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings; to open the doors before him, and that the gates may not be shut:,Declare ye, and bring them near, Yea, let them take counsel together: Who hath announced this from ancient time, And declared it of old? Have not I the LORD? And there is no God else beside Me, A just God and a Saviour; There is none beside Me.,Verily Thou art a God that hidest Thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.,For the sake of Jacob My servant, and Israel Mine elect, I have called thee by thy name, I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known Me.,In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.,I have roused him up in victory, And I make level all his ways; He shall build My city, And he shall let Mine exiles go free, Not for price nor reward, Saith the LORD of hosts." '46 Ye that lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance; ye that hire a goldsmith, that he make it a god, to fall down thereto, yea, to worship.,Remember the former things of old: That I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like Me;,To whom will ye liken Me, and make Me equal, and compare Me, that we may be like?,Hearken unto Me, ye stout-hearted, That are far from righteousness:,Hearken unto Me, O house of Jacob, and all the remt of the house of Israel, that are borne by Me from the birth, that are carried from the womb:,He is borne upon the shoulder, he is carried, and set in his place, and he standeth, from his place he doth not remove; yea, though one cry unto him, he cannot answer, nor save him out of his trouble.,Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth; their idols are upon the beasts, and upon the cattle; the things that ye carried about are made a load, a burden to the weary beast.,Even to old age I am the same, and even to hoar hairs will I carry you; I have made, and I will bear; yea, I will carry, and will deliver.,They stoop, they bow down together, they could not deliver the burden; and themselves are gone into captivity.,Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done; Saying: ‘My counsel shall stand, and all My pleasure will I do’;,Calling a bird of prey from the east, the man of My counsel from a far country; Yea, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass, I have purposed, I will also do it.,Remember this, and stand fast; bring it to mind, O ye transgressors.,I bring near My righteousness, it shall not be far off, And My salvation shall not tarry; And I will place salvation in Zion For Israel My glory.
47.6
I was wroth with My people, I profaned Mine inheritance, And gave them into thy hand; Thou didst show them no mercy; Upon the aged hast thou very heavily Laid thy yoke. 47 But these two things shall come to thee in a moment In one day, the loss of children, and widow-hood; In their full measure shall they come upon thee, For the multitude of thy sorceries, And the great abundance of thine enchantments.,Our Redeemer, the LORD of hosts is His name, The Holy One of Israel.,Thus shall they be unto thee With whom thou hast laboured; They that have trafficked with thee from thy youth Shall wander every one to his quarter; There shall be none to save thee.,Stand now with thine enchantments, And with the multitude of thy sorceries, Wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; If so be thou shalt be able to profit, If so be thou mayest prevail.,Behold, they shall be as stubble; The fire shall burn them; They shall not deliver themselves From the power of the flame; It shall not be a coal to warm at, Nor a fire to sit before.,Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels; Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, The monthly prognosticators, Stand up, and save thee From the things that shall come upon thee.,Sit thou silent, and get thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans; For thou shalt no more be called The mistress of kingdoms.,And thou saidst: ‘For ever shall I be mistress’; So that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, Neither didst remember the end thereof.,And thou hast been secure in thy wickedness, Thou hast said: ‘None seeth me’; Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, It hath perverted thee; And thou hast said in thy heart. ’I am, and there is none else beside me.’,Take the millstones, and grind meal; Remove thy veil, Strip off the train, uncover the leg, Pass through the rivers.,Yet shall evil came upon thee; Thou shalt not know how to charm it away; And calamity shall fall upon thee; Thou shalt not be able to put it away; And ruin shall come upon thee suddenly, Before thou knowest.,Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, Yea, thy shame shall be seen; I will take vengeance, And will let no man intercede.,Now therefore hear this, thou that art given to pleasures, That sittest securely, That sayest in thy heart: ‘I am, and there is none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, Neither shall I know the loss of children’;,I was wroth with My people, I profaned Mine inheritance, And gave them into thy hand; Thou didst show them no mercy; Upon the aged hast thou very heavily Laid thy yoke.,Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, Sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans; For thou shalt no more be called Tender and delicate." 48 I, even I, have spoken, yea, I have called him; I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.,Thou hast heard, see, all this; And ye, will ye not declare it? I have announced unto thee new things from this time, Even hidden things, which thou hast not known.,For My name’s sake will I defer Mine anger, And for My praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.,And they thirsted not When He led them through the deserts; He caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; He cleaved the rock also, and the waters gushed out.’,They are created now, and not from of old, And before this day thou heardest them not; Lest thou shouldest say: ‘Behold, I knew them.’,Come ye near unto Me, hear ye this: From the beginning I have not spoken in secret; From the time that it was, there am I; And now the Lord GOD hath sent me, and His spirit.,For Mine own sake, for Mine own sake, will I do it; For how should it be profaned? And My glory will I not give to another.,Thy seed also would be as the sand, And the offspring of thy body like the grains thereof; His name would not be cut off Nor destroyed from before Me.,Yea, My hand hath laid the foundation of the earth, And My right hand hath spread out the heavens; When I call unto them, They stand up together.,I have declared the former things from of old; Yea, they went forth out of My mouth, and I announced them; Suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.,Yea, thou heardest not; Yea, thou knewest not; Yea, from of old thine ear was not opened; For I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, And wast called a transgressor from the womb.,Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: I am the LORD thy God, Who teacheth thee for thy profit, Who leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.,Assemble yourselves, all ye, and hear; Which among them hath declared these things? He whom the LORD loveth shall perform His pleasure on Babylon, And show His arm on the Chaldeans.,Therefore I have declared it to thee from of old; Before it came to pass I announced it to thee; Lest thou shouldest say: ‘Mine idol hath done them, And my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.’,Go ye forth from Babylon, Flee ye from the Chaldeans; With a voice of singing Declare ye, tell this, Utter it even to the end of the earth; Say ye: ‘The LORD hath redeemed His servant Jacob.,For they call themselves of the holy city, And stay themselves upon the God of Israel, The LORD of hosts is His name.,Because I knew that thou art obstinate, And thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;,Hearken unto Me, O Jacob, And Israel My called: I am He; I am the first, I also am the last.,Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have tried thee in the furnace of affliction.,There is no peace, Saith the LORD concerning the wicked.,Oh that thou wouldest hearken to My commandments! Then would thy peace be as a river, And thy righteousness as the waves of the sea;,Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, Who are called by the name of Israel, And are come forth out of the fountain of Judah; Who swear by the name of the LORD, And make mention of the God of Israel, But not in truth, nor in righteousness.
49.14
But Zion said: ‘The LORD hath forsaken me, And the Lord hath forgotten me.’
49.22
Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will lift up My hand to the nations, And set up Mine ensign to the peoples, And they shall bring thy sons in their bosom, And thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders. 49 Thus saith the LORD: In an acceptable time have I answered thee, And in a day of salvation have I helped thee; And I will preserve thee, and give thee For a covet of the people, To raise up the land, To cause to inherit the desolate heritages;,But Zion said: ‘The LORD hath forsaken me, And the Lord hath forgotten me.’,They shall not hunger nor thirst, Neither shall the heat nor sun smite them; For He that hath compassion on them will lead them, Even by the springs of water will He guide them.,Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of My hands; Thy walls are continually before Me.,But I said: ‘I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought and vanity; Yet surely my right is with the LORD, And my recompense with my God.’,And now saith the LORD That formed me from the womb to be His servant, To bring Jacob back to Him, And that Israel be gathered unto Him— For I am honourable in the eyes of the LORD, And my God is become my strength—,Thus saith the LORD, The Redeemer of Israel, his Holy One, To him who is despised of men, To him who is abhorred of nations, To a servant of rulers: Kings shall see and arise, Princes, and they shall prostrate themselves; Because of the LORD that is faithful, Even the Holy One of Israel, who hath chosen thee.,And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; And they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine; And all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour, And thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.,The children of thy bereavement Shall yet say in thine ears: ‘The place is too strait for me; Give place to me that I may dwell.’,Sing, O heavens, and be joyful, O earth, And break forth into singing, O mountains; For the LORD hath comforted His people, And hath compassion upon His afflicted.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will lift up My hand to the nations, And set up Mine ensign to the peoples, And they shall bring thy sons in their bosom, And thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.,Saying to the prisoners: ‘Go forth’; To them that are in darkness: ‘Show yourselves’; They shall feed in the ways, And in all high hills shall be their pasture;,Can a woman forget her sucking child, That she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? Yea, these may forget, Yet will not I forget thee.,Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, Or the captives of the victorious be delivered?,And He said unto me: ‘Thou art My servant, Israel, in whom I will be glorified.’,And He hath made my mouth like a sharp sword, In the shadow of His hand hath He hid me; And He hath made me a polished shaft, In His quiver hath He concealed me;,But thus saith the LORD: Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, And the prey of the terrible shall be delivered; And I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, And I will save thy children.,Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: All these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the LORD, Thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all as with an ornament, And gird thyself with them, like a bride.,Yea, He saith: ‘It is too light a thing that thou shouldest be My servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob, And to restore the offspring of Israel; I will also give thee for a light of the nations, That My salvation may be unto the end of the earth.’,Behold, these shall come from far; And, lo, these from the north and from the west, And these from the land of Sinim.,And I will make all My mountains a way, And My highways shall be raised on high.,And kings shall be thy foster-fathers, And their queens thy nursing mothers; They shall bow down to thee with their face to the earth, And lick the dust of thy feet; And thou shalt know that I am the LORD, For they shall not be ashamed that wait for Me.,Listen, O isles, unto me, And hearken, ye peoples, from far: The LORD hath called me from the womb, From the bowels of my mother hath He made mention of my name;,Thy children make haste; Thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth from thee.,For thy waste and thy desolate places And thy land that hath been destroyed— Surely now shalt thou be too strait for the inhabitants, And they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.,Then shalt thou say in thy heart: ‘Who hath begotten me these, Seeing I have been bereaved of my children, and am solitary, An exile, and wandering to and fro? And who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; These, where were they?’ 50 Who is among you that feareth the LORD, That obeyeth the voice of His servant? Though he walketh in darkness, And hath no light, Let him trust in the name of the LORD, And stay upon his God.,Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; Who is he that shall condemn me? Behold, they all shall wax old as a garment, The moth shall eat them up.,The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, And I was not rebellious, Neither turned away backward.,He is near that justifieth me; Who will contend with me? let us stand up together; Who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.,Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, That gird yourselves with firebrands, Begone in the flame of your fire, And among the brands that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of My hand; Ye shall lie down in sorrow.,I clothe the heavens with blackness, And I make sackcloth their covering.,I gave my back to the smiters, And my checks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.,The Lord GOD hath given me The tongue of them that are taught, That I should know how to sustain with words him that is weary; He wakeneth morning by morning, He wakeneth mine ear To hear as they that are taught.,Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? When I called, was there none to answer? Is My hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? Or have I no power to deliver? Behold, at My rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness; Their fish become foul, because there is no water, And die for thirst.,For the Lord GOD will help me; Therefore have I not been confounded; Therefore have I set my face like a flint, And I know that I shall not be ashamed.,Thus saith the LORD: Where is the bill of your mother’s divorcement, Wherewith I have put her away? Or which of My creditors is it To whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities were ye sold, And for your transgressions was your mother put away.
51.9
Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; Awake, as in the days of old, The generations of ancient times. Art thou not it that hewed Rahab in pieces, That pierced the dragon? 51.10 Art thou not it that dried up the sea, The waters of the great deep; That made the depths of the sea a way For the redeemed to pass over? 51.11 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, And come with singing unto Zion, And everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; They shall obtain gladness and joy, And sorrow and sighing shall flee away. 51 I, even I, am He that comforteth you: Who art thou, that thou art afraid of man that shall die, And of the son of man that shall be made as grass;,Hearken to Me, ye that follow after righteousness, Ye that seek the LORD; Look unto the rock whence ye were hewn, And to the hole of the pit whence ye were digged.,These two things are befallen thee; Who shall bemoan thee? Desolation and destruction, And the famine and the sword; How shall I comfort thee?,Attend unto Me, O My people, And give ear unto Me, O My nation; For instruction shall go forth from Me, And My right on a sudden for a light of the peoples.,Art thou not it that dried up the sea, The waters of the great deep; That made the depths of the sea a way For the redeemed to pass over?,For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, And the worm shall eat them like wool; But My favour shall be for ever, And My salvation unto all generations.,He that is bent down shall speedily be loosed; And he shall not go down dying into the pit, Neither shall his bread fail.,Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, And drunken, but not with wine;,For I am the LORD thy God, Who stirreth up the sea, that the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is His name.,For the LORD hath comforted Zion; He hath comforted all her waste places, And hath made her wilderness like Eden, And her desert like the garden of the LORD; Joy and gladness shall be found therein, Thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.,Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; Awake, as in the days of old, The generations of ancient times. Art thou not it that hewed Rahab in pieces, That pierced the dragon?,There is none to guide her Among all the sons whom she hath brought forth; Neither is there any that taketh her by the hand of all the sons that she hath brought up.,And hast forgotten the LORD thy Maker, That stretched forth the heavens, And laid the foundations of the earth; And fearest continually all the day Because of the fury of the oppressor, As he maketh ready to destroy? And where is the fury of the oppressor?,Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, As an antelope in a net; They are full of the fury of the LORD, The rebuke of thy God.,And I have put My words in thy mouth, And have covered thee in the shadow of My hand, That I may plant the heavens, And lay the foundations of the earth, And say unto Zion: ‘Thou art My people.’,And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, And come with singing unto Zion, And everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; They shall obtain gladness and joy, And sorrow and sighing shall flee away.,Hearken unto Me, ye that know righteousness, The people in whose heart is My law; Fear ye not the taunt of men, Neither be ye dismayed at their revilings.,Look unto Abraham your father, And unto Sarah that bore you; For when he was but one I called him, And I blessed him, and made him many.,My favour is near, My salvation is gone forth, And Mine arms shall judge the peoples; The isles shall wait for Me, And on Mine arm shall they trust.,Lift up your eyes to the heavens, And look upon the earth beneath; For the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, And the earth shall wax old like a garment, And they that dwell therein shall die in like manner; But My salvation shall be for ever, And My favour shall not be abolished.,Awake, awake, Stand up, O Jerusalem, That hast drunk at the hand of the LORD The cup of His fury; Thou hast drunken the beaker, even the cup of staggering, And drained it.,Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, And thy God that pleadeth the cause of His people: Behold, I have taken out of thy hand The cup of staggering; The beaker, even the cup of My fury, Thou shalt no more drink it again;,And I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; That have said to thy soul: ‘Bow down, that we may go over’; And thou hast laid thy back as the ground, And as the street, to them that go over.
52.2
Shake thyself from the dust; Arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem; Loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
52.11
Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, Touch no unclean thing; Go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, Ye that bear the vessels of the LORD. 52.12 For ye shall not go out in haste, Neither shall ye go by flight; For the LORD will go before you, And the God of Israel will be your rearward. 52 According as many were appalled at thee— So marred was his visage unlike that of a man, And his form unlike that of the sons of men—,How beautiful upon the mountains Are the feet of the messenger of good tidings, That announceth peace, the harbinger of good tidings, That announceth salvation; That saith unto Zion: ‘Thy God reigneth! ’,Break forth into joy, sing together, Ye waste places of Jerusalem; For the LORD hath comforted His people, He hath redeemed Jerusalem.,For thus saith the LORD: Ye were sold for nought; And ye shall be redeemed without money.,Therefore My people shall know My name; Therefore they shall know in that day That I, even He that spoke, behold, here I am.,For ye shall not go out in haste, Neither shall ye go by flight; For the LORD will go before you, And the God of Israel will be your rearward.,The LORD hath made bare His holy arm In the eyes of all the nations; And all the ends of the earth shall see The salvation of our God.,Awake, awake, Put on thy strength, O Zion; Put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; For henceforth there shall no more come into thee The uncircumcised and the unclean.,Shake thyself from the dust; Arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem; Loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.,Now therefore, what do I here, saith the LORD, Seeing that My people is taken away for nought? They that rule over them do howl, saith the LORD, And My name continually all the day is blasphemed.,Hark, thy watchmen! they lift up the voice, Together do they sing; For they shall see, eye to eye, The LORD returning to Zion.,Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, Touch no unclean thing; Go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, Ye that bear the vessels of the LORD.,Behold, My servant shall prosper, He shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high.,So shall he startle many nations, Kings shall shut their mouths because of him; From that which had not been told them shall they see, And that which they had not heard shall they perceive.,For thus saith the Lord GOD: My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; And the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.' "53 But he was wounded because of our transgressions, He was crushed because of our iniquities: The chastisement of our welfare was upon him, And with his stripes we were healed.,Yet it pleased the LORD to crush him by disease; To see if his soul would offer itself in restitution, That he might see his seed, prolong his days, And that the purpose of the LORD might prosper by his hand:,Surely our diseases he did bear, and our pains he carried; Whereas we did esteem him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted.,He was despised, and forsaken of men, A man of pains, and acquainted with disease, And as one from whom men hide their face: He was despised, and we esteemed him not.,Therefore will I divide him a portion among the great, And he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; Because he bared his soul unto death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet he bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.,And they made his grave with the wicked, And with the rich his tomb; Although he had done no violence, Neither was any deceit in his mouth.’,By oppression and judgment he was taken away, And with his generation who did reason? For he was cut off out of the land of the living, For the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due.,All we like sheep did go astray, We turned every one to his own way; And the LORD hath made to light on him The iniquity of us all.,'Who would have believed our report? And to whom hath the arm of the LORD been revealed?,of the travail of his soul he shall see to the full, even My servant, Who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many, And their iniquities he did bear.,He was oppressed, though he humbled himself And opened not his mouth; As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, And as a sheep that before her shearers is dumb; Yea, he opened not his mouth.,For he shot up right forth as a sapling, And as a root out of a dry ground; He had no form nor comeliness, that we should look upon him, Nor beauty that we should delight in him." 54.7 For a small moment have I forsaken thee; But with great compassion will I gather thee.
54.16
Behold, I have created the smith That bloweth the fire of coals, And bringeth forth a weapon for his work; And I have created the waster to destroy. 54 For thou shalt spread abroad on the right hand and on the left; And thy seed shall possess the nations, And make the desolate cities to be inhabited.,For a small moment have I forsaken thee; But with great compassion will I gather thee.,Enlarge the place of thy tent, And let them stretch forth the curtains of thy habitations, spare not; Lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes.,For the LORD hath called thee As a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit; And a wife of youth, can she be rejected? Saith thy God.,For this is as the waters of Noah unto Me; for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth, so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.,Fear not, for thou shalt not be ashamed. Neither be thou confounded, for thou shalt not be put to shame; For thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, And the reproach of thy widowhood shalt thou remember no more.,Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear, Break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail; For more are the children of the desolate Than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.,Behold, I have created the smith That bloweth the fire of coals, And bringeth forth a weapon for his work; And I have created the waster to destroy.,And I will make thy pinnacles of rubies, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy border of precious stones.,For the mountains may depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall My covet of peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath compassion on thee.,Behold, they may gather together, but not by Me; Whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall because of thee.,And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children.,In a little wrath I hid My face from thee for a moment; But with everlasting kindness will I have compassion on thee, Saith the LORD thy Redeemer.,No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; And every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, And their due reward from Me, saith the LORD.,In righteousness shalt thou be established; be thou far from oppression, for thou shalt not fear, And from ruin, for it shall not come near thee.,For thy Maker is thy husband, The LORD of hosts is His name; And the Holy One of Israel is thy Redeemer, The God of the whole earth shall He be called.,O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will set thy stones in fair colours, And lay thy foundations with sapphires.
55.7
Let the wicked forsake his way, And the man of iniquity his thoughts; And let him return unto the LORD, and He will have compassion upon him, And to our God, for He will abundantly pardon 55 For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways, saith the LORD.,Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, A prince and commander to the peoples.,For ye shall go out with joy, And be led forth with peace; The mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, And all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.,Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? And your gain for that which satisfieth not? Hearken diligently unto Me, and eat ye that which is good, And let your soul delight itself in fatness.,Incline your ear, and come unto Me; Hear, and your soul shall live; And I will make an everlasting covet with you, Even the sure mercies of David.,Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, And a nation that knew not thee shall run unto thee; Because of the LORD thy God, And for the Holy One of Israel, for He hath glorified thee.,Let the wicked forsake his way, And the man of iniquity his thoughts; And let him return unto the LORD, and He will have compassion upon him, And to our God, for He will abundantly pardon,Instead of the thorn shall come up the cypress, And instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle; And it shall be to the LORD for a memorial, For an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.,Seek ye the LORD while He may be found, Call ye upon Him while He is near;,For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, And returneth not thither, Except it water the earth, And make it bring forth and bud, And give seed to the sower and bread to the eater;,So shall My word be that goeth forth out of My mouth: It shall not return unto Me void, Except it accomplish that which I please, And make the thing whereto I sent it prosper.,For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts.,Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye for water, And he that hath no money; Come ye, buy, and eat; Yea, come, buy wine and milk Without money and without price.
60.2
For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, And gross darkness the peoples; But upon thee the LORD will arise, And His glory shall be seen upon thee.
60.13
The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, The cypress, the plane-tree and the larch together; To beautify the place of My sanctuary, And I will make the place of My feet glorious.
60.15
Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, So that no man passed through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, A joy of many generations.
61.8
For I the LORD love justice, I hate robbery with iniquity; And I will give them their recompense in truth, And I will make an everlasting covet with them.
63.1
’Who is this that cometh from Edom, with crimsoned garments from Bozrah? This that is glorious in his apparel, stately in the greatness of his strength?’— ’I that speak in victory, mighty to save.’— 63 That led them through the deep, as a horse in the wilderness, without stumbling?,That caused His glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses? That divided the water before them, To make Himself an everlasting name?,But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; therefore He was turned to be their enemy, Himself fought against them.,Then His people remembered the days of old, the days of Moses: ‘Where is He that brought them up out of the sea With the shepherds of His flock? Where is He that put His holy spirit In the midst of them?,We are become as they over whom Thou never borest rule, As they that were not called by Thy name. Oh, that Thou wouldest rend the heavens, that Thou wouldest come down, That the mountains might quake at Thy presence,,For Thou art our Father; for Abraham knoweth us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us; Thou, O LORD, art our Father, Our Redeemer from everlasting is Thy name.,’Who is this that cometh from Edom, with crimsoned garments from Bozrah? This that is glorious in his apparel, stately in the greatness of his strength?’— ’I that speak in victory, mighty to save.’—,Thy holy people they have well nigh driven out, Our adversaries have trodden down Thy sanctuary.,For the day of vengeance that was in My heart, and My year of redemption are come.,In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved them; in His love and in His pity He redeemed them; And He bore them, and carried them all the days of old. .,Look down from heaven, and see, even from Thy holy and glorious habitation; Where is Thy zeal and Thy mighty acts, The yearning of Thy heart and Thy compassions, Now restrained toward me?,’I have trodden the winepress alone, and of the peoples there was no man with Me; yea, I trod them in Mine anger, and trampled them in My fury; and their lifeblood is dashed against My garments, and I have stained all My raiment.,As the cattle that go down into the valley, the spirit of the LORD caused them to rest; So didst Thou lead Thy people, To make Thyself a glorious name.’,’Wherefore is Thine apparel red, and Thy garments like his that treadeth in the winevat?’—,And I trod down the peoples in Mine anger, and made them drunk with My fury, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.’,I will make mention of the mercies of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us; and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which He hath bestowed on them according to His compassions, and according to the multitude of His mercies.,O LORD, why dost Thou make us to err from Thy ways, And hardenest our heart from Thy fear? Return for Thy servants’sake, The tribes of Thine inheritance.,For He said: ‘Surely, they are My people, children that will not deal falsely’; so He was their Saviour.,And I looked, and there was none to help, and I beheld in astonishment, and there was none to uphold; therefore Mine own arm brought salvation unto Me, And My fury, it upheld Me.'' None
21. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 1.1-1.5, 1.13-1.15, 23.20, 25.11-25.12, 29.10, 31.40, 37.8, 40.1, 49.38 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian Exile • Babylonian exile, • Deportations Babylonian Exile • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile in Babylon • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Jeremiah, book of, on Gods presence in exile • Lamentations, exile imagery in • Prophecy, exilic and post-exilic • War, transportation of idols of defeated into exile • community, exile motif in • exile • exile, Gods presence in • exile, as setting of Esther, Judith, and Susanna • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, concept of • exile, in PRK • exile, restoration after • midrash, on Gods presence in exile • mikdash me'at, as metaphor for deitys accessibility in exile • storytelling, postexilic, exile and gender in

 Found in books: Amsler (2023), Knowledge Construction in Late Antiquity, 34; Ashbrook Harvey et al. (2015), A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer, 245; Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 306; Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 8; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 461; Bickerman and Tropper (2007), Studies in Jewish and Christian History, 973; DeJong (2022), A Prophet like Moses (Deut 18:15, 18): The Origin, History, and Influence of the Mosaic Prophetic Succession, 95, 117; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 145, 352, 359; Ganzel and Holtz (2020), Contextualizing Jewish Temples, 108; Gera (2014), Judith, 312, 455; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 171; Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 123; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 24, 25, 34; Nikolsky and Ilan (2014), Rabbinic Traditions Between Palestine and Babylonia, 158; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 90, 92, 96, 97; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 55, 117, 377

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1.1 דִּבְרֵי יִרְמְיָהוּ בֶּן־חִלְקִיָּהוּ מִן־הַכֹּהֲנִים אֲשֶׁר בַּעֲנָתוֹת בְּאֶרֶץ בִּנְיָמִן׃
1.1
רְאֵה הִפְקַדְתִּיךָ הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה עַל־הַגּוֹיִם וְעַל־הַמַּמְלָכוֹת לִנְתוֹשׁ וְלִנְתוֹץ וּלְהַאֲבִיד וְלַהֲרוֹס לִבְנוֹת וְלִנְטוֹעַ׃ 1.2 אֲשֶׁר הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָה אֵלָיו בִּימֵי יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ בֶן־אָמוֹן מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה בִּשְׁלֹשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לְמָלְכוֹ׃ 1.3 וַיְהִי בִּימֵי יְהוֹיָקִים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה עַד־תֹּם עַשְׁתֵּי עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לְצִדְקִיָּהוּ בֶן־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה עַד־גְּלוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁי׃ 1.4 וַיְהִי דְבַר־יְהוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר׃ 1.5 בְּטֶרֶם אצורך אֶצָּרְךָ בַבֶּטֶן יְדַעְתִּיךָ וּבְטֶרֶם תֵּצֵא מֵרֶחֶם הִקְדַּשְׁתִּיךָ נָבִיא לַגּוֹיִם נְתַתִּיךָ׃

1.13
וַיְהִי דְבַר־יְהוָה אֵלַי שֵׁנִית לֵאמֹר מָה אַתָּה רֹאֶה וָאֹמַר סִיר נָפוּחַ אֲנִי רֹאֶה וּפָנָיו מִפְּנֵי צָפוֹנָה׃
1.14
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֵלָי מִצָּפוֹן תִּפָּתַח הָרָעָה עַל כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ׃
1.15
כִּי הִנְנִי קֹרֵא לְכָל־מִשְׁפְּחוֹת מַמְלְכוֹת צָפוֹנָה נְאֻם־יְהוָה וּבָאוּ וְנָתְנוּ אִישׁ כִּסְאוֹ פֶּתַח שַׁעֲרֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְעַל כָּל־חוֹמֹתֶיהָ סָבִיב וְעַל כָּל־עָרֵי יְהוּדָה׃' 25.11 וְהָיְתָה כָּל־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת לְחָרְבָּה לְשַׁמָּה וְעָבְדוּ הַגּוֹיִם הָאֵלֶּה אֶת־מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃ 25.12 וְהָיָה כִמְלֹאות שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה אֶפְקֹד עַל־מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל וְעַל־הַגּוֹי הַהוּא נְאֻם־יְהוָה אֶת־עֲוֺנָם וְעַל־אֶרֶץ כַּשְׂדִּים וְשַׂמְתִּי אֹתוֹ לְשִׁמְמוֹת עוֹלָם׃
37.8
וְשָׁבוּ הַכַּשְׂדִּים וְנִלְחֲמוּ עַל־הָעִיר הַזֹּאת וּלְכָדֻהָ וּשְׂרָפֻהָ בָאֵשׁ׃
40.1
הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר־הָיָה אֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ מֵאֵת יְהוָה אַחַר שַׁלַּח אֹתוֹ נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים מִן־הָרָמָה בְּקַחְתּוֹ אֹתוֹ וְהוּא־אָסוּר בָּאזִקִּים בְּתוֹךְ כָּל־גָּלוּת יְרוּשָׁלִַם וִיהוּדָה הַמֻּגְלִים בָּבֶלָה׃
40.1
וַאֲנִי הִנְנִי יֹשֵׁב בַּמִּצְפָּה לַעֲמֹד לִפְנֵי הַכַּשְׂדִּים אֲשֶׁר יָבֹאוּ אֵלֵינוּ וְאַתֶּם אִסְפוּ יַיִן וְקַיִץ וְשֶׁמֶן וְשִׂמוּ בִּכְלֵיכֶם וּשְׁבוּ בְּעָרֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר־תְּפַשְׂתֶּם׃
49.38
וְשַׂמְתִּי כִסְאִי בְּעֵילָם וְהַאֲבַדְתִּי מִשָּׁם מֶלֶךְ וְשָׂרִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃'' None
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1.1 THE WORDS of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, 1.2 to whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. 1.3 It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, unto the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, unto the carrying away of Jerusalem captive in the fifth month. 1.4 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying: 1.5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee, And before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee; I have appointed thee a prophet unto the nations.

1.13
And the word of the LORD came unto me the second time, saying: ‘What seest thou?’ And I said: ‘I see a seething pot; and the face thereof is from the north.’
1.14
Then the LORD said unto me: ‘Out of the north the evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.
1.15
For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah. 22 For thus saith the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, and who went forth out of this place: He shall not return thither any more;,Thus said the LORD: Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,,Is this man Coniah a despised, broken image? Is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? Wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, And are cast into the land which they know not?,Shalt thou reign, because thou strivest to excel in cedar? Did not thy father eat and drink, and do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him.,and say: Hear the word of the LORD, O king of Judah, that sittest upon the throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates.,and I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them of whom thou art afraid, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.,And I will cast thee out, and thy mother that bore thee, into another country, where ye were not born; and there shall ye die.,The wind shall feed upon all thy shepherds, And thy lovers shall go into captivity; Surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded For all thy wickedness.,He judged the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Is not this to know Me? saith the LORD.,For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people.,As I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon My right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;,Then they shall answer: ‘Because they forsook the covet of the LORD their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them.’,But to the land whereunto they long to return, thither shall they not return.,For thus saith the LORD concerning the house of the king of Judah: Thou art Gilead unto Me, The head of Lebanon; Yet surely I will make thee a wilderness, Cities which are not inhabited.,O land, land, land, Hear the word of the LORD.,But thine eyes and thy heart Are not but for thy covetousness, And for shedding innocent blood, And for oppression, and for violence, to do it.,Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, And his chambers by injustice; That useth his neighbour’s service without wages, And giveth him not his hire;,O inhabitant of Lebanon, That art nestled in the cedars, How gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, The pain as of a woman in travail!,Thus saith the LORD: Write ye this man childless, A man that shall not prosper in his days; For no man of his seed shall prosper, Sitting upon the throne of David, And ruling any more in Judah.,That saith: ‘I will build me a wide house And spacious chambers’, And cutteth him out windows, And it is ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion.,Thus saith the LORD: Execute ye justice and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor; and do no wrong, do no violence, to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.,I spoke unto thee in thy prosperity, But thou saidst: ‘I will not hear.’ This hath been thy manner from thy youth, That thou hearkenedst not to My voice.,but in the place whither they have led him captive, there shall he die, and he shall see this land no more.,But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by Myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.,Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: They shall not lament for him: ‘Ah my brother! ’ or: ‘Ah sister! ’ They shall not lament for him: ‘Ah lord! ’ or: ‘Ah his glory! ’,And I will prepare destroyers against thee, Every one with his weapons; And they shall cut down thy choice cedars, And cast them into the fire.,He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, Drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.,And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour: ‘Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this great city?’,Weep ye not for the dead, Neither bemoan him; But weep sore for him that goeth away, For he shall return no more, Nor see his native country.,Go up to Lebanon, and cry, And lift up thy voice in Bashan; And cry from Abarim, For all thy lovers are destroyed.
23.20
The anger of the LORD shall not return, until He have executed, and till He have performed the purposes of His heart; in the end of days ye shall consider it perfectly. 23 Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that steal My words every one from his neighbour.,The anger of the LORD shall not return, until He have executed, and till He have performed the purposes of His heart; in the end of days ye shall consider it perfectly.,And I will gather the remt of My flock out of all the countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them back to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and multiply.,Is not My word like as fire? Saith the LORD; And like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?,For who hath stood in the council of the LORD, That he should perceive and hear His word? Who hath attended to His word, and heard it?,How long shall this be? Is it in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies, And the prophets of the deceit of their own heart?,Thus shall ye say every one to his neighbour, and every one to his brother: ‘What hath the LORD answered?’ and: ‘What hath the LORD spoken?’,In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is his name whereby he shall be called, the LORD is our righteousness.,But if ye say: ‘The burden of the LORD’; therefore thus saith the LORD: Because ye say this word: ‘The burden of the LORD’, and I have sent unto you, saying: ‘Ye shall not say: The burden of the LORD’;,That think to cause My people to forget My name By their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbour, As their fathers forgot My name for Baal.,Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they shall no more say: ‘As the LORD liveth, that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt’;,and I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten,But in the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen a horrible thing: They commit adultery, and walk in lies, And they strengthen the hands of evil-doers, That none doth return from his wickedness; They are all of them become unto Me as Sodom, And the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.,therefore, behold, I will utterly tear you out, and I will cast you off, and the city that I gave unto you and to your fathers, away from My presence;,Can any hide himself in secret places That I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? Saith the LORD.,Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets: Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, And make them drink the water of gall; For from the prophets of Jerusalem Is ungodliness gone forth into all the land.,Concerning the prophets. My heart within me is broken, All my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, And like a man whom wine hath overcome; Because of the LORD, And because of His holy words.,And as for the prophet, and the priest, and the people, that shall say: ‘The burden of the LORD’, I will even punish that man and his house.,Thus shalt thou say to the prophet: ‘What hath the LORD answered thee?’ and: ‘What hath the LORD spoken?’,I have heard what the prophets have said, That prophesy lies in My name, saying: ‘I have dreamed, I have dreamed.’,Am I a God near at hand, saith the LORD, And not a God afar off?,Wherefore their way shall be unto them as slippery places in the darkness, They shall be thrust, and fall therein; For I will bring evil upon them, Even the year of their visitation, Saith the LORD.,And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying: ‘What is the burden of the LORD?’ then shalt thou say unto them: ‘What burden! I will cast you off, saith the LORD.’,They say continually unto them that despise Me: ‘The LORD hath said: Ye shall have peace’; And unto every one that walketh in the stubbornness of his own heart they say: ‘No evil shall come upon you’;,And I will set up shepherds over them, who shall feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall any be lacking, saith the LORD.,Behold, a storm of the LORD is gone forth in fury, Yea, a whirling storm; It shall whirl upon the head of the wicked.,I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran; I have not spoken to them, yet they prophesied.,And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more; for every man’s own word shall be his burden; and would ye pervert the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God?,The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; And he that hath My word; let him speak My word faithfully. What hath the straw to do with the wheat? Saith the LORD.,But if they have stood in My council, Then let them cause My people to hear My words, And turn them from their evil way, And from the evil of their doings.,For both prophet and priest are ungodly; Yea, in My house have I found their wickedness, Saith the LORD. .,Woe unto the shepherds that destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture! saith the LORD.,And I have seen unseemliness in the prophets of Samaria: They prophesied by Baal, And caused My people Israel to err.,Behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that use there tongues and say: ‘He saith.’,Therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, against the shepherds that feed My people: Ye have scattered My flock, and driven them away, and have not taken care of them; behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD.,Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous shoot, and he shall reign as king and prosper, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.,Behold, I am against them that prophesy lying dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause My people to err by their lies, and by their wantonness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them; neither can they profit this people at all, saith the LORD.,For the land is full of adulterers; For because of swearing the land mourneth, The pastures of the wilderness are dried up; And their course is evil, And their force is not right.,but: ‘As the LORD liveth, that brought up and that led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither I had driven them’; and they shall dwell in their own land.,Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you, They lead you unto vanity; They speak a vision of their own heart, And not out of the mouth of the LORD.
25.11
And this whole land shall be a desolation, and a waste; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 25.12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it perpetual desolations. 27 But if they be prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.,And it shall come to pass, that the nation and the kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I visit, saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand.,for they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land; and that I should drive you out and ye should perish.,For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, and they prophesy falsely in My name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.’,which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem;,Why will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as the LORD hath spoken concerning the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon?,and send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the children of Ammon, and to the king of Tyre, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers that come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;,And hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying: Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon, for they prophesy a lie unto you.,Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live; wherefore should this city become desolate?,But the nation that shall bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, that nation will I let remain in their own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.’,’Thus saith the LORD to me: Make thee bands and bars, and put them upon thy neck;,Also I spoke to the priests and to all this people, saying: ‘Thus saith the LORD: Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying: Behold, the vessels of the LORD’S house shall now shortly be brought back from Babylon; for they prophesy a lie unto you.,In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, came this word unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying:,and give them a charge unto their masters, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Thus shall ye say unto your masters:,And I spoke to Zedekiah king of Judah according to all these words, saying: ‘Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live.,For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city,,And all the nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the time of his own land come; and then many nations and great kings shall make him their bondman.,I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the face of the earth, by My great power and by My outstretched arm; and I give it unto whom it seemeth right unto Me.,They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be, until the day that I remember them, saith the LORD, and bring them up, and restore them to this place.’,But as for you, hearken ye not to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreams, nor to your soothsayers, nor to your sorcerers, that speak unto you, saying: Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon;,yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem:,And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant; and the beasts of the field also have I given him to serve him. 28 even the prophet Jeremiah said: ‘Amen! the LORD do so! the LORD perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring back the vessels of the LORD’S house, and all them that are carried away captive, from Babylon unto this place!,And it came to pass the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, that Haiah the son of Azzur the prophet, who was of Gibeon, spoke unto me in the house of the LORD, in the presence of the priests and of all the people, saying:,Then said the prophet Jeremiah unto Haiah the prophet: ‘Hear now, Haiah; the LORD hath not sent thee; but thou makest this people to trust in a lie.,Then the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, after that Haiah the prophet had broken the bar from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying:,Within two full years will I bring back into this place all the vessels of the LORD’S house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon;,For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they shall serve him; and I have given him the beasts of the field also.’ .,’Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.,Nevertheless hear thou now this word that I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all the people:,Then Haiah the prophet took the bar from off the prophet Jeremiah’s neck, and broke it.,The prophet that prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that the LORD hath truly sent him.’,The prophets that have been before me and before thee of old prophesied against many countries, and against great kingdoms, of war, and of evil, and of pestilence.,So Haiah the prophet died the same year in the seventh month.,Then the prophet Jeremiah said unto the prophet Haiah in the presence of the priests, and in the presence of all the people that stood in the house of the LORD,,’Go, and tell Haiah, saying: Thus saith the LORD: Thou hast broken the bars of wood; but thou shalt make in their stead bars of iron.,’Therefore thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will send thee away from off the face of the earth; this year thou shalt die, because thou hast spoken perversion against the LORD.’,And Haiah spoke in the presence of all the people, saying: ‘Thus saith the LORD: Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from off the neck of all the nations within two full years.’ And the prophet Jeremiah went his way.,and I will bring back to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, with all the captives of Judah, that went to Babylon, saith the LORD; for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.’
29.10
For thus saith the LORD: After seventy years are accomplished for Babylon, I will remember you, and perform My good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place. 29 forasmuch as he hath sent unto us in Babylon, saying: The captivity is long; build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them?’,Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and concerning Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, who prophesy a lie unto you in My name: Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes;,take ye wives, and beget sons and daughters; and take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; and multiply ye there, and be not diminished.,Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: Because thou hast sent letters in thine own name unto all the people that are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, and to all the priests, saying:,because they have wrought vile deeds in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours’wives, and have spoken words in My name falsely, which I commanded them not; but I am He that knoweth, and am witness, saith the LORD.,For they prophesy falsely unto you in My name; I have not sent them, saith the LORD.,And ye shall seek Me, and find Me, when ye shall search for Me with all your heart.,because they have not hearkened to My words, saith the LORD, wherewith I sent unto them My servants the prophets, sending them betimes and often; but ye would not hear, saith the LORD.,thus saith the LORD of hosts: Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so bad.,therefore thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and his seed; he shall not have a man to dwell among this people, neither shall he behold the good that I will do unto My people, saith the LORD; because he hath spoken perversion against the LORD.,Send to all them of the captivity, saying: Thus saith the LORD concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite: Because that Shemaiah hath prophesied unto you, and I sent him not, and he hath caused you to trust in a lie;,For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Let not your prophets that are in the midst of you, and your diviners, beguile you, neither hearken ye to your dreams which ye cause to be dreamed.,by the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, saying:,Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, unto all the captivity, whom I have caused to be carried away captive from Jerusalem unto Babylon:,Now these are the words of the letter that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem unto the residue of the elders of the captivity, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people, whom Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Babylon,,after that Jeconiah the king, and the queen-mother, and the officers, and the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, and the craftsmen, and the smiths, were departed from Jerusalem;,Build ye houses, and dwell in them, and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them;,And ye shall call upon Me, and go, and pray unto Me, and I will hearken unto you.,For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope.,For thus saith the LORD concerning the king that sitteth upon the throne of David, and concerning all the people that dwell in this city, your brethren that are not gone forth with you into captivity;,And concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite thou shalt speak, saying:,’The LORD hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that there should be officers in the house of the LORD for every man that is mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in the stocks and in the collar.,And Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.,For ye have said: ‘The LORD hath raised us up prophets in Babylon.’,Now therefore, why hast thou not rebuked Jeremiah of Anathoth, who maketh himself a prophet to you,,For thus saith the LORD: After seventy years are accomplished for Babylon, I will remember you, and perform My good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.,And I will be found of you, saith the LORD, and I will turn your captivity, and gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you back unto the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive.,Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying:,And I will pursue after them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will make them a horror unto all the kingdoms of the earth, a curse, and an astonishment, and a hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations whither I have driven them;,Hear ye therefore the word of the LORD, all ye of the captivity, whom I have sent away from Jerusalem to Babylon:,and of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah that are in Babylon, saying: ‘The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire’;,And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captive, and pray unto the LORD for it; for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.
31.40
And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever. 32 and I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear Me for ever; for the good of them, and of their children after them;,behold the mounds, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence; and what Thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, Thou seest it.,And I subscribed the deed, and sealed it, and called witnesses, and weighed him the money in the balances.,So Hanamel mine uncle’s son came to me in the court of the guard according to the word of the LORD, and said unto me: ‘Buy my field, I pray thee, that is in Anathoth, which is in the land of Benjamin; for the right of inheritance is thine, and the redemption is thine; buy it for thyself.’ Then I knew that this was the word of the LORD.,So I took the deed of the purchase, both that which was sealed, containing the terms and conditions, and that which was open;,who showest mercy unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them; the great, the mighty God, the LORD of hosts is His name;,And they have turned unto Me the back, and not the face; and though I taught them, teaching them betimes and often, yet they have not hearkened to receive instruction.,’Ah Lord GOD! behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and by Thy outstretched arm; there is nothing too hard for Thee;,For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done that which was evil in My sight from their youth; for the children of Israel have only provoked Me with the work of their hands, saith the LORD.,and I will make an everlasting covet with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; and I will put My fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from Me.,and they shall be My people, and I will be their God;,great in counsel, and mighty in work; whose eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men, to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings;,For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Houses and fields and vineyards shall yet again be bought in this land.’,Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land in truth with My whole heart and with My whole soul.,and the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set this city on fire, and burn it, with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered unto Baal, and poured out drink-offerings unto other gods, to provoke Me.,And I bought the field that was in Anathoth of Hanamel mine uncle’s son, and weighed him the money, even seventeen shekels of silver.,And Jeremiah said: ‘The word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,’Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; is there any thing too hard for Me?,because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke Me, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.,And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to set apart their sons and their daughters unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into My mind, that they should do this abomination; to cause Judah to sin.,The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar.,Yet Thou hast said unto me, O Lord GOD: Buy thee the field for money, and call witnesses; whereas the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’,Now after I had delivered the deed of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, I prayed unto the LORD, saying:,and I delivered the deed of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, in the presence of Hanamel mine uncle‘s son, and in the presence of the witnesses that subscribed the deed of the purchase, before all the Jews that sat in the court of the guard.,For thus saith the LORD: Like as I have brought all this great evil upon this people, so will I bring upon them all the good that I have promised them.,For Zedekiah king of Judah had shut him up, saying: ‘Wherefore dost thou prophesy, and say: Thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it;,Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe the deeds, and seal them, and call witnesses, in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the hill-country, and in the cities of the Lowland, and in the cities of the South; for I will cause their captivity to return, saith the LORD.’,And fields shall be bought in this land, whereof ye say: It is desolate, without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.,But they set their abominations in the house whereupon My name is called, to defile it.,and they came in, and possessed it; but they hearkened not to Thy voice, neither walked in Thy law; they have done nothing of all that Thou commandedst them to do; therefore Thou hast caused all this evil to befall them;,For this city hath been to Me a provocation of Mine anger and of My fury from the day that they built it even unto this day, that I should remove it from before My face;,And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say: It is given into the hand of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence:,’Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Take these deeds, this deed of the purchase, both that which is sealed, and this deed which is open, and put them in an earthen vessel; that they may continue many days.,who didst set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, even unto this day, and in Israel and among other men; and madest Thee a name, as at this day;,Now at that time the king of Babylon’s army was besieging Jerusalem; and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard, which was in the king of Judah’s house.,and didst bring forth Thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terror;,and he shall lead Zedekiah to Babylon, and there shall he be until I remember him, saith the LORD; though ye fight with the Chaldeans, ye shall not prosper?’,Therefore thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it;,and gavest them this land, which Thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey;,Behold, Hanamel, the son of Shallum thine uncle, shall come unto thee, saying: Buy thee my field that is in Anathoth; for the right of redemption is thine to buy it.’,And I charged Baruch before them, saying:,Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying:,Behold, I will gather them out of all the countries, whither I have driven them in Mine anger, and in My fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them back unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely;,and Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans, but shall surely be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon, and shall speak with him mouth to mouth, and his eyes shall behold his eyes; 34 I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life; and their dead bodies shall be for food unto the fowls of the heaven, and to the beasts of the earth.,The word that came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, after that the king Zedekiah had made a covet with all the people that were at Jerusalem, to proclaim liberty unto them;,’At the end of seven years ye shall let go every man his brother that is a Hebrew, that hath been sold unto thee, and hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee’; but your fathers hearkened not unto Me, neither inclined their ear.,and all the princes and all the people hearkened, that had entered into the covet to let every one his man-servant, and every one his maid-servant, go free, and not to make bondmen of them any more; they hearkened, and let them go;,therefore the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying:,Then Jeremiah the prophet spoke all these words unto Zedekiah king of Judah in Jerusalem,,And I will give the men that have transgressed My covet, that have not performed the words of the covet which they made before Me, when they cut the calf in twain and passed between the parts thereof;,and thou shalt not escape out of his hand, but shalt surely be taken, and delivered into his hand; and thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth, and thou shalt go to Babylon.,Yet hear the word of the LORD, O Zedekiah king of Judah: Thus saith the LORD concerning thee: Thou shalt not die by the sword;,Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Go, and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah, and tell him: Thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire;,the princes of Judah, and the princes of Jerusalem, the officers, and the priests, and all the people of the land, that passed between the parts of the calf; .,thou shalt die in peace; and with the burnings of thy fathers, the former kings that were before thee, so shall they make a burning for thee; and they shall lament thee: ‘Ah lord! ’ for I have spoken the word, saith the LORD.,The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and all his army, and all the kingdoms of the land of his dominion, and all the peoples, fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities thereof, saying:,but ye turned and profaned My name, and caused every man his servant, and every man his handmaid, whom ye had let go free at their pleasure, to return; and ye brought them into subjection, to be unto you for servants and for handmaids.,And Zedekiah king of Judah and his princes will I give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life, and into the hand of the king of Babylon’s army, that are gone up from you.,Therefore thus saith the LORD: Ye have not hearkened unto Me, to proclaim liberty, every man to his brother, and every man to his neighbour; behold, I proclaim for you a liberty, saith the LORD, unto the sword, unto the pestilence, and unto the famine; and I will make you a horror unto all the kingdoms of the earth.,but afterwards they turned, and caused the servants and the handmaids, whom they had let go free, to return, and brought them into subjection for servants and for handmaids;,And ye were now turned, and had done that which is right in Mine eyes, in proclaiming liberty every man to his neighbour; and ye had made a covet before Me in the house whereon My name is called;,Behold, I will command, saith the LORD, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it, and burn it with fire; and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant.,Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: I made a covet with your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, saying:,that every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, being a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman, go free; that none should make bondmen of them, even of a Jew his brother;,when the king of Babylon’s army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish and against Azekah; for these alone remained of the cities of Judah as fortified cities. 36 Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.,Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire; and there were added besides unto them many like words.,Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying:,Now it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the LORD, all the people in Jerusalem, and all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem.,’Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned.,And they asked Baruch, saying: ‘Tell us now: How didst thou write all these words at his mouth?’,And it came to pass, when Jehudi had read three or four columns, that he cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was in the brazier, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier.,he went down into the king’s house, into the scribe’s chamber; and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Haiah, and all the princes.,Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they turned in fear one toward another, and said unto Baruch: ‘We will surely tell the king of all these words.’,It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way; for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this people.’,And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the LORD in the LORD’S house.,And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying: ‘I am detained, I cannot go into the house of the LORD;,therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD’S house upon a fast-day; and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.,Now the king was sitting in the winter-house in the ninth month; and the brazier was burning before him.,And I will visit upon him and his seed and his servants their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them, but they hearkened not.’,So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll; and he took it out of the chamber of Elishama the scribe. And Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes that stood beside the king.,Then did Baruch read in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the upper court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD’S house, in the ears of all the people.,And when Micaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD,,And they said unto him: ‘Sit down now, and read it in our ears.’ So Baruch read it in their ears.,It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way, and I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.’,Moreover Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had entreated the king not to burn the roll; but he would not hear them.,Then Baruch answered them: ‘He pronounced all these words unto me with his mouth, and I wrote them with ink in the book.’,Then Micaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.,Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David; and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.,And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying:,Then said the princes unto Baruch: ‘Go, hide thee, thou and Jeremiah, and let no man know where ye are.’,And concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah thou shalt say: Thus saith the LORD: Thou hast burned this roll, saying: Why hast thou written therein, saying: The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast?,Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying: ‘Take in thy hand the roll wherein thou hast read in the ears of the people, and come.’ So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them.,And they went in to the king into the court; but they had deposited the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe; and they told all the words in the ears of the king.,And the king commanded Jerahmeel the king’s son, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet; but the LORD hid them.,Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah; and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which He had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book.,’Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spoke unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day.
37.8
And the Chaldeans shall return, and fight against this city; and they shall take it, and burn it with fire. 37 And Zedekiah the son of Josiah reigned as king, instead of Coniah the son of Jehoiakim, whom Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon made king in the land of Judah.,And the Chaldeans shall return, and fight against this city; and they shall take it, and burn it with fire.,And when he was in the gate of Benjamin, a captain of the ward was there, whose name was Irijah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Haiah; and he laid hold on Jeremiah the prophet, saying: ‘Thou fallest away to the Chaldeans.’,For though ye had smitten the whole army of the Chaldeans that fight against you, and there remained but wounded men among them, yet would they rise up every man in his tent, and burn this city with fire.’,Thus saith the LORD: Deceive not yourselves, saying: The Chaldeans shall surely depart from us; for they shall not depart.,Then came the word of the LORD unto the prophet Jeremiah, saying:,Moreover Jeremiah said unto king Zedekiah: ‘Wherein have I sinned against thee, or against thy servants, or against this people, that ye have put me in prison?,But neither he, nor his servants, nor the people of the land, did hearken unto the words of the LORD, which He spoke by the prophet Jeremiah.,And Pharaoh’s army was come forth out of Egypt; and when the Chaldeans that besieged Jerusalem heard tidings of them, they broke up from Jerusalem.,And Zedekiah the king sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, to the prophet Jeremiah, saying: ‘Pray now unto the LORD our God for us.’,Where now are your prophets that prophesied unto you, saying: The king of Babylon shall not come against you, nor against this land?,Now Jeremiah came in and went out among the people; for they had not put him into prison.,And now hear, I pray thee, O my lord the king: let my supplication, I pray thee, be presented before thee; that thou cause me not to return to the house of Jonathan the scribe, lest I die there.’,then Jeremiah went forth out of Jerusalem to go into the land of Benjamin, to receive his portion there, in the midst of the people.,When Jeremiah was come into the dungeon-house, and into the cells, and Jeremiah had remained there many days;,And it came to pass, that when the army of the Chaldeans was broken up from Jerusalem for fear of Pharaoh’s army,,’Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Thus shall ye say to the king of Judah, that sent you unto Me to inquire of Me: Behold, Pharaoh’s army, which is come forth to help you, shall return to Egypt into their own land.,And the princes were wroth with Jeremiah, and smote him, and put him in prison in the house of Jonathan the scribe; for they had made that the prison.,then Zedekiah the king sent, and fetched him; and the king asked him secretly in his house, and said: ‘Is there any word from the LORD?’ And Jeremiah said: ‘There is.’ He said also: ‘Thou shalt be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon.’,Then said Jeremiah: ‘It is false; I fall not away to the Chaldeans’; but he hearkened not to him; so Irijah laid hold on Jeremiah, and brought him to the princes.,Then Zedekiah the king commanded, and they committed Jeremiah into the court of the guard, and they gave him daily a loaf of bread out of the bakers’street, until all the bread in the city was spent. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the guard. 38 But if the princes hear that I have talked with thee, and they come unto thee, and say unto thee: Declare unto us now what thou hast said unto the king; hide it not from us, and we will not put thee to death; also what the king said unto thee;,But if thou refuse to go forth, this is the word that the LORD hath shown me:,So Jeremiah abode in the court of the guard until the day that Jerusalem was taken. And it came to pass, when Jerusalem was taken—,And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah: ‘I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen away to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.’,Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the pit of Malchiah the king’s son, that was in the court of the guard; and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the pit there was no water, but mire; and Jeremiah sank in the mire.,And Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah spoke unto all the people, saying:,Behold, all the women that are left in the king of Judah’s house shall be brought forth to the king of Babylon’s princes, and those women shall say: Thy familiar friends have set thee on, And have prevailed over thee; Thy feet are sunk in the mire, And they are turned away back.,So they drew up Jeremiah with the cords, and took him up out of the pit; and Jeremiah remained in the court of the guard.,Thus saith the LORD: This city shall surely be given into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it.’,And they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children to the Chaldeans; and thou shalt not escape out of their hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the king of Babylon; and thou shalt cause this city to be burned with fire.’,Now when Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, an officer, who was in the king’s house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the pit; the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin;,Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah: ‘Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel: If thou wilt go forth unto the king of Babylon’s princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, thou, and thy house;,And Ebed-melech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah: ‘Put now these worn clouts and rags under thine armholes under the cords.’ And Jeremiah did so.,but if thou wilt not go forth to the king of Babylon’s princes, then shall this city be given into the hand of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn it with fire, and thou shalt not escape out of their hand.’,So Ebed-melech took the men with him, and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took thence worn clouts and worn rags, and let them down by cords into the pit to Jeremiah.,Then the king commanded Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying: ‘Take from hence thirty men with thee, and take up Jeremiah the prophet out of the pit, before he die.’,Then said Zedekiah unto Jeremiah: ‘Let no man know of these words, and thou shalt not die.,Ebed-melech went forth out of the king’s house, and spoke to the king, saying:,Then the princes said unto the king: ‘Let this man, we pray thee, be put to death; forasmuch as he weakeneth the hands of the men of war that remain in this city, and the hands of all the people, in speaking such words unto them; for this man seeketh not the welfare of this people, but the hurt.’,But Jeremiah said: ‘They shall not deliver thee. Hearken, I beseech thee, to the voice of the LORD, in that which I speak unto thee; so it shall be well with thee, and thy soul shall live.,Then Jeremiah said unto Zedekiah: ‘If I declare it unto thee, wilt thou not surely put me to death? and if I give thee counsel, thou wilt not hearken unto me.’,’My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the pit; and he is like to die in the place where he is because of the famine; for there is no more bread in the city.’,So Zedekiah the king swore secretly unto Jeremiah, saying: ‘As the LORD liveth, that made us this soul, I will not put thee to death, neither will I give thee into the hand of these men that seek thy life.’,Then Zedekiah the king sent, and took Jeremiah the prophet unto him into the third entry that was in the house of the LORD; and the king said unto Jeremiah: ‘I will ask thee a thing; hide nothing from me.’,then thou shalt say unto them: I presented my supplication before the king, that he would not cause me to return to Jonathan’s house, to die there.’,Then came all the princes unto Jeremiah, and asked him; and he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. So they left off speaking with him; for the matter was not reported.,’Thus saith the LORD: He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey, and he shall live.,Then Zedekiah the king said: ‘Behold, he is in your hand; for the king is not he that can do any thing against you.’' "39 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, and he gave judgment upon him.,But I will deliver thee in that day, saith the LORD; and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid.,that all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, even Nergal-sarezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim Rab-saris, Nergal-sarezer Rab-mag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.,So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushazban Rab-saris, and Nergal-sarezer Rab-mag, and all the chief officers of the king of Babylon;,in the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem, and besieged it;,'Take him, and look well to him, and do him no harm; but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee.',’Go, and speak to Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will bring My words upon this city for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished before thee in that day.,Then the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes;,And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah and all the men of war saw them, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king’s garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls; and he went out the way of the Arabah.,Now the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, while he was shut up in the court of the guard, saying:,Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon the remt of the people that remained in the city, the deserters also, that fell away to him, with the rest of the people that remained.,they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the guard, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home; so he dwelt among the people.,Moreover he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.,For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee; because thou hast put thy trust in Me, saith the LORD.’,Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying:,And the Chaldeans burned the king’s house, and the house of the people, with fire, and broke down the walls of Jerusalem.,But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poor of the people, that had nothing, in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields in that day.,in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, a breach was made in the city—" 40.1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all the captives of Jerusalem and Judah, that were carried away captive unto Babylon. 40 then all the Jews returned out of all places whither they were driven, and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah, unto Mizpah, and gathered wine and summer fruits in great abundance.,Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, and among the children of Ammon, and in Edom, and that were in all the countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remt of Judah, and that he had set over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan;,Then went Jeremiah unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah, and dwelt with him among the people that were left in the land.,And Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan swore unto them and to their men, saying: ‘Fear not to serve the Chaldeans; dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.,then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Joha and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men.,The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all the captives of Jerusalem and Judah, that were carried away captive unto Babylon.,Then Joha the son of Kareah spoke to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly, saying: ‘Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no man shall know it; wherefore should he take thy life, that all the Jews that are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remt of Judah perish?’,And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and said unto him: ‘The LORD thy God pronounced this evil upon this place;,and the LORD hath brought it, and done according as He spoke; because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not hearkened to His voice, therefore this thing is come upon you.,Moreover Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were in the fields, came to Gedaliah to Mizpah,,And now, behold, I loose thee this day from the chains which are upon thy hand. If it seem good unto thee to come with me into Babylon, come, and I will look well unto thee; but if it seem ill unto thee to come with me into Babylon, forbear; behold, all the land is before thee; whither it seemeth good and right unto thee to go, thither go.—,As for me, behold, I will dwell at Mizpah, to stand before the Chaldeans that may come unto us; but ye, gather ye wine and summer fruits and oil, and put them in your vessels, and dwell in your cities that ye have taken.’,and said unto him: ‘Dost thou know that Baalis the king of the children of Ammon hath sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to take thy life?’ But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not.,Yet he would not go back.—Go back then to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon hath made governor over the cities of Judah, and dwell with him among the people; or go wheresoever it seemeth right unto thee to go.’ So the captain of the guard gave him an allowance and a present, and let him go.,But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto Joha the son of Kareah: ‘Thou shalt not do this thing; for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.’,Now when all the captains of the forces that were in the fields, even they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam governor in the land, and had committed unto him men, and women, and children, and of the poorest of the land, of them that were not carried away captive to Babylon; 41 Now the pit wherein Ishmael cast all the dead bodies of the men whom he had slain by the side of Gedaliah was that which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasa king of Israel; the same Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled with them that were slain.,But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael: ‘Slay us not; for we have stores hidden in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey.’ So he forbore, and slew them not among their brethren.,But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Joha with eight men, and went to the children of Ammon. .,Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, even with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, even the men of war.,because of the Chaldeans; for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor over the land.,And it was so, when they came into the midst of the city, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah slew them, and cast them into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that were with him.,Now it came to pass, that when all the people that were with Ishmael saw Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, then they were glad.,And it came to pass the second day after he had slain Gedaliah, and no man knew it,,that there came certain men from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore men, having their beards shaven and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with meal-offerings and frankincense in their hand to bring them to the house of the LORD.,then they took all the men, and went to fight with Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and found him by the great waters that are in Gibeon.,Then took Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remt of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the men, even the men of war, and the women, and the children, and the officers, whom he had brought back from Gibeon;,Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land.,and they departed, and dwelt in Geruth Chimham, which is by Beth-lehem, to go to enter into Egypt,,Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and one of the chief officers of the king, and ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.,So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Joha the son of Kareah.,But when Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, heard of all the evil that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had done,,And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, weeping all along as he went; and it came to pass, as he met them, he said unto them: ‘Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.’,Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, even the king’s daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam; Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the children of Ammon. 42 The LORD hath spoken concerning you, O remt of Judah: Go ye not into Egypt; know certainly that I have forewarned you this day.,Then Jeremiah the prophet said unto them: ‘I have heard you; behold, I will pray unto the LORD your God according to your words; and it shall come to pass, that whatsoever thing the LORD shall answer you, I will declare it unto you; I will keep nothing back from you.’,Then they said to Jeremiah: ‘The LORD be a true and faithful witness against us, if we do not even according to all the word wherewith the LORD thy God shall send thee to us.,So shall it be with all the men that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; they shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them.,For ye have dealt deceitfully against your own souls; for ye sent me unto the LORD your God, saying: Pray for us unto the LORD our God; and according unto all that the LORD our God shall say, so declare unto us, and we will do it;,Now therefore know certainly that ye shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire to go to sojourn there.’,saying: No; but we will go into the land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the horn, nor have hunger of bread; and there will we abide;,and said unto Jeremiah the prophet: ‘Let, we pray thee, our supplication be accepted before thee, and pray for us unto the LORD thy God, even for all this remt; for we are left but a few of many, as thine eyes do behold us;,And it came to pass after ten days, that the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah.,then it shall come to pass, that the sword, which ye fear, shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine, whereof ye are afraid, shall follow hard after you there in Egypt; and there ye shall die.,and said unto them: ‘Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, unto whom ye sent me to present your supplication before Him:,Then all the captains of the forces, and Joha the son of Kareah, and Jezaniah the son of Hoshaiah, and all the people from the least even unto the greatest, came near,,and I have this day declared it to you; but ye have not hearkened to the voice of the LORD your God in any thing for which He hath sent me unto you.,that the LORD thy God may tell us the way wherein we should walk, and the thing that we should do.’,Be not afraid of the king of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith the LORD; for I am with you to save you, and to deliver you from his hand.,But if ye say: We will not abide in this land; so that ye hearken not to the voice of the LORD your God;,now therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, O remt of Judah: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to sojourn there;,Whether it be good, or whether it be evil, we will hearken to the voice of the LORD our God, to whom we send thee; that it may be well with us, when we hearken to the voice of the LORD our God.’,If ye will still abide in this land, then will I build you, and not pull you down, and I will plant you, and not pluck you up; for I repent Me of the evil that I have done unto you.,And I will grant you compassion, that he may have compassion upon you, and cause you to return to your own land.,For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: As Mine anger and My fury hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so shall My fury be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt; and ye shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye shall see this place no more.,Then called he Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, and all the people from the least even to the greatest, 43 and they came into the land of Egypt; for they hearkened not to the voice of the LORD; and they came even to Tahpanhes.,’Take great stones in thy hand, and hide them in the mortar in the framework, which is at the entry of Pharaoh’s house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah;,And he shall come, and shall smite the land of Egypt; such as are for death to death, and such as are for captivity to captivity, and such as are for the sword to the sword.,the men, and the women, and the children, and the king’s daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah;,Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah in Tahpanhes, saying:,but Baruch the son of Neriah setteth thee on against us, to deliver us into the hand of the Chaldeans, that they may put us to death, and carry us away captives to Babylon.’,then spoke Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Joha the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying unto Jeremiah: ‘Thou speakest falsely; the LORD our God hath not sent thee to say: Ye shall not go into Egypt to sojourn there;,So Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, and all the people, hearkened not to the voice of the LORD, to dwell in the land of Judah.,And it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking unto all the people all the words of the LORD their God, wherewith the LORD their God had sent him to them, even all these words,,and say unto them: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will set his throne upon these stones that I have hid; and he shall spread his royal pavilion over them.,He shall also break the pillars of Beth-shemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of Egypt shall he burn with fire.’,But Joha the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remt of Judah, that were returned from all the nations whither they had been driven to sojourn in the land of Judah:,And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives; and he shall fold up the land of Egypt, as a shepherd foldeth up his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. 44 But we will certainly perform every word that is gone forth out of our mouth, to offer unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto her, as we have done, we and our fathers, our kings and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem; for then had we plenty of food, and were well, and saw no evil.,Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt: Behold, I have sworn by My great name, saith the LORD, that My name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt saying: As the Lord GOD liveth.,And I will take the remt of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed; in the land of Egypt shall they fall; they shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine; they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine; and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach.,Howbeit I sent unto you all My servants the prophets, sending them betimes and often, saying: Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.,Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will set My face against you for evil, even to cut off all Judah.,And is it we that offer to the queen of heaven, and pour out drink-offerings unto her? did we make her cakes in her image, and pour out drink-offerings unto her, without our husbands?’,Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, even to all the people that had given him that answer, saying:,Behold, I watch over them for evil, and not for good; and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them.,so that none of the remt of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to which they have a desire to return to dwell there; for none shall return save such as shall escape.’,Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel: Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your own souls, to cut off from you man and woman, infant and suckling, out of the midst of Judah, to leave you none remaining;,So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land become a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day.,’Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein;,’The offering that ye offered in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye and your fathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into His mind?,Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women: ‘Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt:,For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence;,Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and with your hands have fulfilled it, saying: We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to offer to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto her; ye shall surely establish your vows, and surely perform your vows.,They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in My law, nor in My statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers.,Wherefore My fury and Mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day.,because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke Me, in that they went to offer, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, nor ye, nor your fathers.,Have ye forgotten the wicked deeds of your fathers, and the wicked deeds of the kings of Judah, and the wicked deeds of their wives, and your own wicked deeds, and the wicked deeds of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem?,The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews that dwelt in the land of Egypt, that dwelt at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying:,Then all the men who knew that their wives offered unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great assembly, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying:,Because ye have offered, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not hearkened to the voice of the LORD, nor walked in His law, nor in His statutes, nor in His testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.’,But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to forbear offering unto other gods.,thus saith the LORD: Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.’,And they that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, few in number; and all the remt of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose word shall stand, Mine, or theirs.,And this shall be the sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that My words shall surely stand against you for evil;,’As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee.,But since we let off to offer to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.,in that ye provoke Me with the works of your hands, offering unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye are gone to sojourn; that ye may be cut off, and that ye may be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?49.38 And I will set My throne in Elam, And will destroy from thence king and princes, saith the LORD. ' None
22. Hebrew Bible, Judges, 5.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile/Exilic • Time, Exilic • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 2; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 55; Gera (2014), Judith, 49, 107, 319, 450, 451

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5.9 לִבִּי לְחוֹקְקֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הַמִּתְנַדְּבִים בָּעָם בָּרֲכוּ יְהוָה׃' ' None
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5.9 My heart goes out to the governors of Yisra᾽el, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless the Lord! 5 The wadi of Qishon swept them away, that ancient brook, the brook of Qishon. O my soul, march on in strength.,Gil῾ad dwells beyond the Yarden: and why did Dan remain by the ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode by his bays.,Then he made a remt have dominion over the nobles of the people: the Lord made me have dominion over the mighty ones.,So let all Thy enemies perish, O Lord: but let them that love him be as the sun when it comes out in its might. And the land was quiet for forty years.,Her wise ladies answered her, she even returned answer to herself,,Louder than the voice of the archers; in the places of drawing water, there let them recite the righteous acts of the Lord, the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Yisra᾽el: when the people of the Lord went down to the gates.,Hear, O kings; give ear, O princes; I will sing to the Lord; I will intone a melody to the God of Yisra᾽el.,The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Yisra᾽el, until I Devora arose, I arose a mother in Yisra᾽el.,Then sang Devora and Baraq the son of Avino῾am on that day, saying,,They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Yisra᾽el?,Blessed above women is Ya᾽el the wife of Ĥever the Qenite, blessed is she more than women in the tent.,The mother of Sisera looked out at the window, and moaned through the lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? Why are the hoofbeats of his steeds so tardy?,Have they not found booty? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a booty of divers colours, a plunder of many coloured needlework, dyed double worked garments for the necks of the spoilers.,They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.,Lord, when Thou didst go out of Se῾ir, when Thou didst march out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.,Awake, awake, Devora: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Baraq, and lead away thy captives, thou son of Avino῾am.,Then did the horsehoofs beat from the frantic galloping of his mighty ones.,Curse Meroz, said the angel of the Lord, curse bitterly its inhabitants; because they did not come to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty men.,Zevulun was a people that jeoparded their lives to the death and Naftali likewise, on the high places of the field.,You that ride on tawny she asses, you that sit on couches, and you that walk by the way, tell the tale.,He asked water, but she gave him milk; she brought forth cream in a lordly dish.,In the days of Shamgar the son of ῾Anat, in the days of Ya᾽el, the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through crooked byways.,The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Kena῾an in Ta῾nakh by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of silver.,At her feet he bent, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bent, he fell: where he bowed, there he fell down, bereft of life.,My heart goes out to the governors of Yisra᾽el, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless the Lord!,From Efrayim came they, but rooted in ῾Amaleq, beyond thee, Binyamin with thy tribes; from Makhir came down leaders, and from Zevulun, those that handle the marshal’s staff.,Why then didst thou sit among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Re᾽uven, great were the heart searchings.,In time of tumultuous strife in Yisra᾽el when the people willingly offered themselves; praise the Lord.,And the princes of Yissakhar were with Devora; as was Yissakhar, so was Baraq. Into the valley they rushed forth, at his feet. In the divisions of Re᾽uven, great were the resolves.,The mountains melted from before the Lord, that Sinay before the Lord God of Yisra᾽el.,She put her hand to the tent peg, and her right hand to the workmen’s hammer; and she hammered Sisera, she smote through his head; she crushed and pierced his temple.'' None
23. Hebrew Bible, Lamentations, 1.2, 1.4, 1.13, 2.1, 2.3-2.5, 3.17, 4.11, 4.19 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonia, exile in • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Jerusalem, exile from • Lamentations, exile imagery in • Second Isaiah, exiles in • Shekhinah, Exile of • exile, Gods presence in • exile, restoration after • exile, return from

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 149, 154, 168, 223, 226, 295, 358, 359, 368, 370; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 1044; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 33, 37, 53, 54, 55, 126, 127; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 288

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1.2 בָּכוֹ תִבְכֶּה בַּלַּיְלָה וְדִמְעָתָהּ עַל לֶחֱיָהּ אֵין־לָהּ מְנַחֵם מִכָּל־אֹהֲבֶיהָ כָּל־רֵעֶיהָ בָּגְדוּ בָהּ הָיוּ לָהּ לְאֹיְבִים׃
1.2
רְאֵה יְהוָה כִּי־צַר־לִי מֵעַי חֳמַרְמָרוּ נֶהְפַּךְ לִבִּי בְּקִרְבִּי כִּי מָרוֹ מָרִיתִי מִחוּץ שִׁכְּלָה־חֶרֶב בַּבַּיִת כַּמָּוֶת׃
1.4
דַּרְכֵי צִיּוֹן אֲבֵלוֹת מִבְּלִי בָּאֵי מוֹעֵד כָּל־שְׁעָרֶיהָ שׁוֹמֵמִין כֹּהֲנֶיהָ נֶאֱנָחִים בְּתוּלֹתֶיהָ נּוּגוֹת וְהִיא מַר־לָהּ׃
1.13
מִמָּרוֹם שָׁלַח־אֵשׁ בְּעַצְמֹתַי וַיִּרְדֶּנָּה פָּרַשׂ רֶשֶׁת לְרַגְלַי הֱשִׁיבַנִי אָחוֹר נְתָנַנִי שֹׁמֵמָה כָּל־הַיּוֹם דָּוָה׃
2.1
אֵיכָה יָעִיב בְּאַפּוֹ אֲדֹנָי אֶת־בַּת־צִיּוֹן הִשְׁלִיךְ מִשָּׁמַיִם אֶרֶץ תִּפְאֶרֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא־זָכַר הֲדֹם־רַגְלָיו בְּיוֹם אַפּוֹ׃
2.1
יֵשְׁבוּ לָאָרֶץ יִדְּמוּ זִקְנֵי בַת־צִיּוֹן הֶעֱלוּ עָפָר עַל־רֹאשָׁם חָגְרוּ שַׂקִּים הוֹרִידוּ לָאָרֶץ רֹאשָׁן בְּתוּלֹת יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃
2.3
גָּדַע בָּחֳרִי אַף כֹּל קֶרֶן יִשְׂרָאֵל הֵשִׁיב אָחוֹר יְמִינוֹ מִפְּנֵי אוֹיֵב וַיִּבְעַר בְּיַעֲקֹב כְּאֵשׁ לֶהָבָה אָכְלָה סָבִיב׃ 2.4 דָּרַךְ קַשְׁתּוֹ כְּאוֹיֵב נִצָּב יְמִינוֹ כְּצָר וַיַּהֲרֹג כֹּל מַחֲמַדֵּי־עָיִן בְּאֹהֶל בַּת־צִיּוֹן שָׁפַךְ כָּאֵשׁ חֲמָתוֹ׃ 2.5 הָיָה אֲדֹנָי כְּאוֹיֵב בִּלַּע יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּלַּע כָּל־אַרְמְנוֹתֶיהָ שִׁחֵת מִבְצָרָיו וַיֶּרֶב בְּבַת־יְהוּדָה תַּאֲנִיָּה וַאֲנִיָּה׃
3.17
וַתִּזְנַח מִשָּׁלוֹם נַפְשִׁי נָשִׁיתִי טוֹבָה׃
4.11
כִּלָּה יְהוָה אֶת־חֲמָתוֹ שָׁפַךְ חֲרוֹן אַפּוֹ וַיַּצֶּת־אֵשׁ בְּצִיּוֹן וַתֹּאכַל יְסוֹדֹתֶיהָ׃
4.19
קַלִּים הָיוּ רֹדְפֵינוּ מִנִּשְׁרֵי שָׁמָיִם עַל־הֶהָרִים דְּלָקֻנוּ בַּמִּדְבָּר אָרְבוּ לָנוּ׃'' None
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1.2 She weeps, yea, she weeps in the night, and her tears are on her cheek; she has no comforter among all her lovers; all her friends have betrayed her; they have become her enemies.
1.4
The roads of Zion are mournful because no one comes to the appointed season; all her gates are desolate, her priests moan; her maidens grieve while she herself suffers bitterly.
1.13
From above He has hurled fire into my bones, and it broke them; He has spread a net for my feet, He has turned me back, He has made me desolate and faint all day long.
2.1
How hath the Lord covered with a cloud The daughter of Zion in His anger! He hath cast down from heaven unto the earth The beauty of Israel, And hath not remembered His footstool In the day of His anger.
2.3
He hath cut off in fierce anger All the horn of Israel; He hath drawn back His right hand From before the enemy; And He hath burned in Jacob like a flaming fire, Which devoureth round about. 2.4 He hath bent His bow like an enemy, Standing with His right hand as an adversary, And hath slain all that were pleasant to the eye; In the tent of the daughter of Zion He hath poured out His fury like fire. 2.5 The Lord is become as an enemy, He hath swallowed up Israel; He hath swallowed up all her palaces, He hath destroyed his strongholds; And He hath multiplied in the daughter of Judah Mourning and moaning.
3.17
And my soul is removed far off from peace, I forgot prosperity.
4.11
The LORD hath accomplished His fury, He hath poured out His fierce anger; And He hath kindled a fire in Zion, Which hath devoured the foundations thereof.
4.19
Our pursuers were swifter Than the eagles of the heaven; They chased us upon the mountains, They lay in wait for us in the wilderness.'' None
24. Homer, Iliad, 18.535 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • exile • exile, in Empedocles

 Found in books: Petrovic and Petrovic (2016), Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion, 90; Skempis and Ziogas (2014), Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic 88

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18.535 ἐν δʼ Ἔρις ἐν δὲ Κυδοιμὸς ὁμίλεον, ἐν δʼ ὀλοὴ Κήρ,'' None
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18.535 And amid them Strife and Tumult joined in the fray, and deadly Fate, grasping one man alive, fresh-wounded, another without a wound, and another she dragged dead through the mellay by the feet; and the raiment that she had about her shoulders was red with the blood of men. Even as living mortals joined they in the fray and fought; '' None
25. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 1.1, 2, 2.8-3.3, 3, 4, 4.5, 8, 10.18, 10.19, 11.15, 11.16, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 11.21, 11.23, 14.1, 14.6, 16.5, 17, 18.23, 18.32, 20.34, 20.38, 31, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonian Exile • Babylonian exile • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile in Babylon • Exile, Babylonian • Israelite, exiles • Shekhinah, Exile of • exile • exile XIII–XIV, • exile, Babylonian • exile, captivity, and return • exile, concept of • exile, planting imagery of • exile, post-exile • mikdash me'at, as metaphor for deitys accessibility in exile

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 141; Amsler (2023), Knowledge Construction in Late Antiquity, 34, 36; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 78, 145, 357; Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 225; Ganzel and Holtz (2020), Contextualizing Jewish Temples, 108, 109, 126, 133, 137, 138; Gera (2014), Judith, 144; Kaplan (2015), My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs, 173; Levison (2009), Filled with the Spirit, 91; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801; Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 245, 289; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 32, 34; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 371, 379, 384, 396; Rüpke and Woolf (2013), Religious Dimensions of the Self in the Second Century CE. 55; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 140; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 268; Toloni (2022), The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis, 11; Witter et al. (2021), Torah, Temple, Land: Constructions of Judaism in Antiquity, 109

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1.1 וַיְהִי בִּשְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה בָּרְבִיעִי בַּחֲמִשָּׁה לַחֹדֶשׁ וַאֲנִי בְתוֹךְ־הַגּוֹלָה עַל־נְהַר־כְּבָר נִפְתְּחוּ הַשָּׁמַיִם וָאֶרְאֶה מַרְאוֹת אֱלֹהִים׃
1.1
וּדְמוּת פְּנֵיהֶם פְּנֵי אָדָם וּפְנֵי אַרְיֵה אֶל־הַיָּמִין לְאַרְבַּעְתָּם וּפְנֵי־שׁוֹר מֵהַשְּׂמֹאול לְאַרְבַּעְתָּן וּפְנֵי־נֶשֶׁר לְאַרְבַּעְתָּן׃

4.5
וַאֲנִי נָתַתִּי לְךָ אֶת־שְׁנֵי עֲוֺנָם לְמִסְפַּר יָמִים שְׁלֹשׁ־מֵאוֹת וְתִשְׁעִים יוֹם וְנָשָׂאתָ עֲוֺן בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃'10.1
8
וַיֵּצֵא כְּבוֹד יְהוָה מֵעַל מִפְתַּן הַבָּיִת וַיַּעֲמֹד עַל־הַכְּרוּבִים׃
10.19
וַיִּשְׂאוּ הַכְּרוּבִים אֶת־כַּנְפֵיהֶם וַיֵּרוֹמּוּ מִן־הָאָרֶץ לְעֵינַי בְּצֵאתָם וְהָאוֹפַנִּים לְעֻמָּתָם וַיַּעֲמֹד פֶּתַח שַׁעַר בֵּית־יְהוָה הַקַּדְמוֹנִי וּכְבוֹד אֱלֹהֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל עֲלֵיהֶם מִלְמָעְלָה׃ 1
1.15
בֶּן־אָדָם אַחֶיךָ אַחֶיךָ אַנְשֵׁי גְאֻלָּתֶךָ וְכָל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כֻּלֹּה אֲשֶׁר אָמְרוּ לָהֶם יֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם רַחֲקוּ מֵעַל יְהוָה לָנוּ הִיא נִתְּנָה הָאָרֶץ לְמוֹרָשָׁה׃ 1
1.16
לָכֵן אֱמֹר כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה כִּי הִרְחַקְתִּים בַּגּוֹיִם וְכִי הֲפִיצוֹתִים בָּאֲרָצוֹת וָאֱהִי לָהֶם לְמִקְדָּשׁ מְעַט בָּאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר־בָּאוּ שָׁם׃ 1
1.
17
לָכֵן אֱמֹר כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְאָסַפְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפֹצוֹתֶם בָּהֶם וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם אֶת־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 1
1.1
8
וּבָאוּ־שָׁמָּה וְהֵסִירוּ אֶת־כָּל־שִׁקּוּצֶיהָ וְאֶת־כָּל־תּוֹעֲבוֹתֶיהָ מִמֶּנָּה׃ 1
1.19
וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב אֶחָד וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשָׂרָם וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃' '11.
21
וְאֶל־לֵב שִׁקּוּצֵיהֶם וְתוֹעֲבוֹתֵיהֶם לִבָּם הֹלֵךְ דַּרְכָּם בְּרֹאשָׁם נָתַתִּי נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 11.
2
3
וַיַּעַל כְּבוֹד יְהוָה מֵעַל תּוֹךְ הָעִיר וַיַּעֲמֹד עַל־הָהָר אֲשֶׁר מִקֶּדֶם לָעִיר׃ 1
4.1
וְנָשְׂאוּ עֲוֺנָם כַּעֲוֺן הַדֹּרֵשׁ כַּעֲוֺן הַנָּבִיא יִהְיֶה׃ 1
4.1
וַיָּבוֹא אֵלַי אֲנָשִׁים מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֵּשְׁבוּ לְפָנָי׃ 1
4.6
לָכֵן אֱמֹר אֶל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה שׁוּבוּ וְהָשִׁיבוּ מֵעַל גִּלּוּלֵיכֶם וּמֵעַל כָּל־תּוֹעֲבֹתֵיכֶם הָשִׁיבוּ פְנֵיכֶם׃
16.5
וַתִּגְבְּהֶינָה וַתַּעֲשֶׂינָה תוֹעֵבָה לְפָנָי וָאָסִיר אֶתְהֶן כַּאֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי׃
16.5
לֹא־חָסָה עָלַיִךְ עַיִן לַעֲשׂוֹת לָךְ אַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה לְחֻמְלָה עָלָיִךְ וַתֻּשְׁלְכִי אֶל־פְּנֵי הַשָּׂדֶה בְּגֹעַל נַפְשֵׁךְ בְּיוֹם הֻלֶּדֶת אֹתָךְ׃ 1
8.
2
3
הֶחָפֹץ אֶחְפֹּץ מוֹת רָשָׁע נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הֲלוֹא בְּשׁוּבוֹ מִדְּרָכָיו וְחָיָה׃ 1
8.
3
2
כִּי לֹא אֶחְפֹּץ בְּמוֹת הַמֵּת נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה וְהָשִׁיבוּ וִחְיוּ׃
20.
3
4
וְהוֹצֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפוֹצֹתֶם בָּם בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְחֵמָה שְׁפוּכָה׃
20.
3
8
וּבָרוֹתִי מִכֶּם הַמֹּרְדִים וְהַפּוֹשְׁעִים בִּי מֵאֶרֶץ מְגוּרֵיהֶם אוֹצִיא אוֹתָם וְאֶל־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יָבוֹא וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ ' None
sup>
1.1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river Chebar that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
2
And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear—for they are a rebellious house—yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them. .,And when I looked, behold, a hand was put forth unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book was therein;,And spirit entered into me when He spoke unto me, and set me upon my feet; and I heard Him that spoke unto me.,and He spread it before me, and it was written within and without; and there was written therein lamentations, and moaning, and woe.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to rebellious nations, that have rebelled against Me; they and their fathers have transgressed against Me, even unto this very day;,and the children are brazen-faced and stiff-hearted, I do send thee unto them; and thou shalt say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD.,And thou shalt speak My words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear; for they are most rebellious.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak with thee.’,And thou, son of man, hear what I say unto thee: be not thou rebellious like that rebellious house; open thy mouth, and eat that which I give thee.’,And thou, son of man, be not afraid of them, neither be afraid of their words, though defiers and despisers be with thee, and thou dost dwell among scorpions; be not afraid of their words, nor be dismayed at their looks, for they are a rebellious house.
3
As an adamant harder than flint have I made thy forehead; fear them not, neither be dismayed at their looks, for they are a rebellious house.’,Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul.,So I opened my mouth, and He caused me to eat that roll.,Moreover He said unto me: ‘Son of man, all My words that I shall speak unto thee receive in thy heart, and hear with thine ears.,But the house of Israel will not consent to hearken unto thee; for they consent not to hearken unto Me; for all the house of Israel are of a hard forehead and of a stiff heart.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with My words unto them.,and I will make thy tongue cleave to the roof of thy mouth, that thou shalt be dumb, and shalt not be to them a reprover; for they are a rebellious house.,Then I came to them of the captivity at Tel-abib, that dwelt by the river Chebar, and I sat where they sat; and I remained there appalled among them seven days.,’Son of man, I have appointed thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; and when thou shalt hear a word at My mouth, thou shalt give them warning from Me.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, eat that which thou findest; eat this roll, and go, speak unto the house of Israel.’,Then a spirit lifted me up, and I heard behind me the voice of a great rushing: ‘Blessed be the glory of the LORD from His place’;,So a spirit lifted me up, and took me away; and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit, and the hand of the LORD was strong upon me.,Again, when a righteous man doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, I will lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die; because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteous deeds which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thy hand.,Then I arose, and went forth into the plain; and, behold, the glory of the LORD stood there, as the glory which I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell on my face.,Then spirit entered into me, and set me upon my feet; and He spoke with me, and said unto me: ‘Go, shut thyself within thy house.,Behold, I have made thy face hard against their faces, and thy forehead hard against their foreheads.,And go, get thee to them of the captivity, unto the children of thy people, and speak unto them, and tell them: Thus saith the Lord GOD; whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear.’,And it came to pass at the end of seven days, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,For thou art not sent to a people of an unintelligible speech and of a slow tongue, but to the house of Israel;,And the hand of the LORD came there upon me; and He said unto me: ‘Arise, go forth into the plain, and I will there speak with thee.’,But thou, son of man, behold, bands shall be put upon thee, and thou shalt be bound with them, and thou shalt not go out among them;,also the noise of the wings of the living creatures as they touched one another, and the noise of the wheels beside them, even the noise of a great rushing.,not to many peoples of an unintelligible speech and of a slow tongue, whose words thou canst not understand. Surely, if I sent thee to them, they would hearken unto thee.,Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous man, that the righteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because he took warning; and thou hast delivered thy soul.’,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll that I give thee.’ Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness.,When I say unto the wicked: Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life; the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity, but his blood will I require at thy hand.,But when I speak with thee, I will open thy mouth, and thou shalt say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD; he that heareth, let him hear, and he that forbeareth, let him forbear; for they are a rebellious house.

4.5
For I have appointed the years of their iniquity to be unto thee a number of days, even three hundred and ninety days; so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel.
4
And thou shalt set thy face toward the siege of Jerusalem, with thine arm uncovered; and thou shalt prophesy against it.,And take thou unto thee an iron griddle, and set it for a wall of iron between thee and the city; and set thy face toward it, and it shall be besieged, and thou shalt lay siege against it. This shall be a sign to the house of Israel.,For I have appointed the years of their iniquity to be unto thee a number of days, even three hundred and ninety days; so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel.,And, behold, I lay bands upon thee, and thou shalt not turn thee from one side to another, till thou hast accomplished the days of thy siege.,And thy food which thou shalt eat shall be by weight, twenty shekels a day; from time to time shalt thou eat it.,Then He said unto me: ‘See, I have given thee cow’s dung for man’s dung, and thou shalt prepare thy bread thereon.’,Moreover lie thou upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it; according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it, thou shalt bear their iniquity.,and lay siege against it, and build forts against it, and cast up a mound against it; set camps also against it, and set battering rams against it round about.,Moreover He said unto me: ‘Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem, and they shall eat bread by weight, and with anxiety; and they shall drink water by measure, and in appalment;,Take thou also unto thee wheat, and barley, and beans, and lentils, and millet, and spelt, and put them in one vessel, and make thee bread thereof; according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon thy side, even three hundred and ninety days, shalt thou eat thereof.,Thou shalt drink also water by measure, the sixth part of a hin; from time to time shalt thou drink.,Thou also, son of man, take thee a tile, and lay it before thee, and trace upon it a city, even Jerusalem;,And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.’,Then said I: ‘Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul hath not been polluted; for from my youth up even till now have I not eaten of that which dieth of itself, or is torn of beasts; neither came there abhorred flesh into my mouth.’,that they may want bread and water, and be appalled one with another, and pine away in their iniquity.,And the LORD said: ‘Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their bread unclean, among the nations whither I will drive them.’,And again, when thou hast accomplished these, thou shalt lie on thy right side, and shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah; forty days, each day for a year, have I appointed it unto thee.
8
So I went in and saw; and behold every detestable form of creeping things and beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, portrayed upon the wall round about.,And there stood before them seventy men of the elders of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, every man with his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, seest thou what they do? even the great abominations that the house of Israel do commit here, that I should go far off from My sanctuary? but thou shalt again see yet greater abominations.’,And He brought me into the inner court of the LORD’S house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.,Then He brought me to the door of the gate of the LORD’S house which was toward the north; and, behold, there sat the women weeping for Tammuz.,Then said He unto me: ‘Hast thou seen this, O son of man? thou shalt again see yet greater abominations than these.’,And He brought me to the door of the court; and when I looked, behold a hole in the wall.,Then I beheld, and lo a likeness as the appearance of fire: from the appearance of his loins and downward, fire; and from his loins and upward, as the appearance of brightness, as the colour of electrum.,He said also unto me: ‘Thou shalt again see yet greater abominations which they do.’,Therefore will I also deal in fury; Mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity; and though they cry in Mine ears with a loud voice, yet will I not hear them.’,And the form of a hand was put forth, and I was taken by a lock of my head; and a spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the gate of the inner court that looketh toward the north; where was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provoketh to jealousy.,Then He said unto me: ‘Hast thou seen this, O son of man? Is it a light thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which they commit here in that they fill the land with violence, and provoke Me still more, and, lo, they put the branch to their nose?,And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there, according to the vision that I saw in the plain.,Then said He unto me: ‘Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north.’ So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward of the gate of the altar this image of jealousy in the entry.,And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell there upon me.,Then said He unto me: ‘Son of man, hast thou seen what the elders of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in his chambers of imagery? for they say: The LORD seeth us not, the LORD hath forsaken the land.’,And He said unto me: ‘Go in, and see the wicked abominations that they do here.’,Then said He unto me: ‘Son of man, dig now in the wall’; and when I had digged in the wall, behold a door.' 10.1
8
And the glory of the LORD went forth from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubim.
10.19
And the cherubim lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight when they went forth, and the wheels beside them; and they stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD’S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above. 1
1.15
’Son of man, as for thy brethren, even thy brethren, the men of thy kindred, and all the house of Israel, all of them, concerning whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said: Get you far from the LORD! unto us is this land given for a possession; 1
1.16
therefore say: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Although I have removed them far off among the nations, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet have I been to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they are come; 1
1.
17
therefore say: Thus saith the Lord GOD: I will even gather you from the peoples, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel. 1
1.1
8
And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence. 1
1.19
And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh; 11.
20
that they may walk in My statutes, and keep Mine ordices, and do them; and they shall be My people, and I will be their God. 11.
21
But as for them whose heart walketh after the heart of their detestable things and their abominations, I will bring their way upon their own heads, saith the Lord GOD.’ 11.
2
3
And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood upon the mountain which is on the east side of the city. 1
4.1
Then came certain of the elders of Israel unto me, and sat before me. 1
4.6
Therefore say unto the house of Israel: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Return ye, and turn yourselves from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations.
16.5
No eye pitied thee, to do any of these unto thee, to have compassion upon thee; but thou wast cast out in the open field in the loathsomeness of thy person, in the day that thou wast born.
17
And I will spread My net upon him, and he shall be taken in My snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his treachery that he hath committed against Me.,Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD: As I live, surely Mine oath that he hath despised, and My covet that he hath broken, I will even bring it upon his own head.,But he rebelled against him in sending his ambassadors into Egypt, that they might give him horses and much people. Shall he prosper? shall he escape that doeth such things? shall he break the covet, and yet escape?,As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely in the place where the king dwelleth that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covet he broke, even with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die.,There was also another great eagle with great wings And many feathers; And, behold, this vine did bend Its roots toward him, And shot forth its branches toward him, from the beds of its plantation, That he might water it.,seeing he hath despised the oath by breaking the covet, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.,And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, Whose tendrils might turn toward him, And the roots thereof be under him; So it became a vine, and brought forth branches, And shot forth sprigs.,and he took of the seed royal, and made a covet with him, and brought him under an oath, and the mighty of the land he took away;,Neither shall Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company succour him in the war, when they cast up mounds and build forts, to cut off many souls;,And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,He took also of the seed of the land, And planted it in a fruitful soil; He placed it beside many waters, He set it as a slip.,Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,He cropped off the topmost of the young twigs thereof, And carried it into a land of traffic; He set it in a city of merchants.,And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish; I the LORD have spoken and have done it.’,Yea, behold, being planted, shall it prosper? Shall it not utterly wither, when the east wind toucheth it? In the beds where it grew it shall wither.’,And all his mighty men in all his bands shall fall by the sword, and they that remain shall be scattered toward every wind; and ye shall know that I the LORD have spoken it.,Say thou: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Shall it prosper? Shall he not pull up the roots thereof, And cut off the fruit thereof, that it wither, Yea, wither in all its sprouting leaves? Neither shall great power or much people be at hand When it is plucked up by the roots thereof.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: Moreover I will take, even I, of the lofty top of the cedar, and will set it; I will crop off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and I will plant it upon a high mountain and eminent;,It was planted in a good soil By many waters, That it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, That it might be a stately vine.,that his might be a lowly kingdom, that it might not lift itself up, but that by keeping his covet it might stand.,and say: Thus saith the Lord GOD: A great eagle with great wings And long pinions, Full of feathers, which had divers colours, Came unto Lebanon, And took the top of the cedar;,’Say now to the rebellious house: Know ye not what these things mean? tell them: Behold, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, and took the king thereof, and the princes thereof, and brought them to him to Babylon;,in the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it; and it shall bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a stately cedar; and under it shall dwell all fowl of every wing, in the shadow of the branches thereof shall they dwell.,’Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable unto the house of Israel, 1
8.
2
3
Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD; and not rather that he should return from his ways, and live? 1
8.
3
2
For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD; wherefore turn yourselves, and live.
20.
3
4
and I will bring you out from the peoples, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out;
20.
3
8
and I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against Me; I will bring them forth out of the land where they sojourn, but they shall not enter into the land of Israel; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

31
The waters nourished it, The deep made it to grow; Her rivers ran round About her plantation, And she sent out her conduits Unto all the trees of the field.,I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to the nether-world with them that descend into the pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, were comforted in the nether parts of the earth.,Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon, With fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, And of a high stature; And its top was among the thick boughs.,And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,I do even deliver him into the hand of the mighty one of the nations; he shall surely deal with him; I do drive him out according to his wickedness.,Thus was it fair in its greatness, In the length of its branches; For its root was By many waters.,And strangers, the terrible of the nations, do cut him off, and cast him down; upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs lie broken in all the channels of the land; and all the peoples of the earth do go down from his shadow, and do leave him.,’Son of man, say unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude: Whom art thou like in thy greatness?,To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shall thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth; thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with them that are slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.’,The cedars in the garden of God Could not hide it; The cypress-trees were not Like its boughs, And the plane-trees were not As its branches; Nor was any tree in the garden of God Like unto it in its beauty.,Therefore its stature was exalted Above all the trees of the field; And its boughs were multiplied, And its branches became long, Because of the multitude of waters, when it shot them forth.,They also went down into the nether-world with him unto them that are slain by the sword; yea, they that were in his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the nations.,All the fowls of heaven made Their nests in its boughs, And all the beasts of the field did bring forth their young Under its branches, And under its shadow dwelt All great nations.,to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up in their height, even all that drink water; for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.,I made it fair By the multitude of its branches; So that all the trees of Eden, That were in the garden of God, envied it.,Upon his carcass all the fowls of the heaven do dwell, and upon his branches are all the beasts of the field;,Thus saith the Lord GOD: In the day when he went down to the nether-world I caused the deep to mourn and cover itself for him, and I restrained the rivers thereof, and the great waters were stayed; and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.,Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD: Because thou art exalted in stature, and he hath set his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height;

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’And thou, son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it: For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions; then take another stick, and write upon it: For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and of all the house of Israel his companions;,And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob My servant, wherein your fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, they, and their children, and their children’s children, for ever; and David My servant shall be their prince for ever.,And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thy hand before their eyes.,And I beheld, and, lo, there were sinews upon them, and flesh came up, and skin covered them above; but there was no breath in them.,and I will make them one nation in the land, upon the mountains of Israel, and one king shall be king to them all; and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all;,So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great host.,Then said He unto me: ‘Prophesy unto the breath, prophesy, son of man, and say to the breath: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.’,And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.’,And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying: Wilt thou not tell us what thou meanest by these?,and He caused me to pass by them round about, and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.,Moreover I will make a covet of peace with them—it shall be an everlasting covet with them; and I will establish them, and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in the midst of them for ever.,And My servant David shall be king over them, and they all shall have one shepherd; they shall also walk in Mine ordices, and observe My statutes, and do them.,Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, can these bones live?’ And I answered: ‘O Lord GOD, Thou knowest.’,Then He said unto me: ‘Prophesy over these bones, and say unto them: O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD:,And the nations shall know that I am the LORD that sanctify Israel, when My sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for ever.’,The hand of the LORD was upon me, and the LORD carried me out in a spirit, and set me down in the midst of the valley, and it was full of bones;,Then He said unto me: ‘Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off.,neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions; but I will save them out of all their dwelling-places, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them; so shall they be My people, and I will be their God.,So I prophesied as I was commanded; and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a commotion, and the bones came together, bone to its bone.,And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, and caused you to come up out of your graves, O My people.,And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:,and join them for thee one to another into one stick, that they may become one in thy hand.,And I will put My spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I will place you in your own land; and ye shall know that I the LORD have spoken, and performed it, saith the LORD.’,Therefore prophesy, and say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, O My people; and I will bring you into the land of Israel.,say into them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his companions; and I will put them unto him together with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in My hand.,My dwelling-place also shall be over them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.,And say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the nations, whither they are gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land;

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and a border before the cells, one cubit on this side, and a border, one cubit on that side; and the cells, six cubits on this side, and six cubits on that side.,And he measured the breadth of the entry of the gate, ten cubits; and the length of the gate, thirteen cubits;,Then came he unto the gate which looketh toward the east, and went up the steps thereof; and he measured the jamb of the gate, one reed broad, and the other jamb, one reed broad.,And there were windows in it and in the arches thereof round about, like those windows; the length was fifty cubits, and the breadth five and twenty cubits.,And a chamber with the entry thereof was by the posts at the gates; there was the burnt-offering to be washed.,and the cells thereof, and the posts thereof, and the arches thereof, according to these measures; and there were windows therein and in the arches thereof round about; it was fifty cubits long, and five and twenty cubits broad.,Then measured he the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and the posts thereof, two cubits; and the porch of the gate was inward.,Four tables were on this side, and four tables on that side, by the side of the gate; eight tables, whereupon to slay the sacrifices.,He measured also the porch of the gate toward the house, one reed.,In the five and twentieth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was smitten, in the selfsame day, the hand of the LORD was upon me, and He brought me thither.,And the windows thereof, and the arches thereof, and the palm-trees thereof, were after the measure of the gate that looketh toward the east; and it was ascended by seven steps; and the arches thereof were before them.,And he said unto me: ‘This chamber, whose prospect is toward the south, is for the priests, the keepers of the charge of the house.,And the arches thereof were toward the outer court; and palm-trees were upon the posts thereof, on this side, and on that side; and the going up to it had eight steps.,Moreover there were four tables for the burnt-offering, of hewn stone, a cubit and a half long, and a cubit and a half broad, and one cubit high, whereupon to lay the instruments wherewith the burnt-offering and the sacrifice are slain.,The length of the porch was twenty cubits, and the breadth eleven cubits; and it was by steps that it was ascended; and there were pillars by the posts, one on this side, and another on that side.,And he brought me to the north gate; and he measured it according to these measures;,And he led me toward the south, and behold a gate toward the south; and he measured the posts thereof, and the arches thereof according to these measures.,And from the forefront of the gate of the entrance unto the forefront of the inner porch of the gate were fifty cubits.,In the visions of God brought He me into the land of Israel, and set me down upon a very high mountain, whereon was as it were the frame of a city on the south.,Then brought he me into the outer court, and, lo, there were chambers and a pavement, made for the court round about; thirty chambers were upon the pavement.,And He brought me thither, and, behold, there was a man, whose appearance was like the appearance of brass, with a line of flax in his hand, and a measuring reed; and he stood in the gate.,And he brought me into the inner court toward the east; and he measured the gate according to these measures;,And he measured the gate from the roof of the one cell to the roof of the other, a breadth of five and twenty cubits; door against door.,And the man said unto me: ‘Son of man, behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears, and set thy heart upon all that I shall show thee, for to the intent that I might show them unto thee art thou brought thither; declare all that thou seest to the house of Israel.’ .,And in the porch of the gate were two tables on this side, and two tables on that side, to slay thereon the burnt-offering and the sin-offering and the guilt-offering.,And he measured the court, a hundred cubits long, and a hundred cubits broad, foursquare; and the altar was before the house.,And the gate of the outer court that looked toward the north, he measured the length thereof and the breadth thereof.,And the slabs, a handbreadth long, were fastened within round about; and upon the tables was to be the flesh of the offering.,And the pavement was by the side of the gates, corresponding unto the length of the gates, even the lower pavement.,And the cells of the gate eastward were three on this side, and three on that side; they three were of one measure; and the posts had one measure on this side and on that side.,And without the inner gate were chambers for the guard in the inner court, which was at the side of the north gate, and their prospect was toward the south; one at the side of the east gate having the prospect toward the north.,and the cells thereof, and the posts thereof, and the arches thereof, according to these measures; and there were windows in it and in the arches thereof round about; it was fifty cubits long, and five and twenty cubits broad.,Then he brought me to the inner court by the south gate; and he measured the south gate according to these measures;,And there were arches round about, five and twenty cubits long, and five cubits broad.,And on the one side without, as one goeth up to the entry of the gate toward the north, were two tables; and on the other side of the porch of the gate were two tables.,He made also posts of threescore cubits; even unto the posts of the court in the gates round about.,And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man’s hand a measuring reed of six cubits long, of a cubit and a hand-breadth each; so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed, and the height, one reed.,And the arches thereof were toward the outer court; and palm-trees were upon the posts thereof; and the going up to it had eight steps.,And there was a gate to the inner court over against the other gate, northward as also eastward; and he measured from gate to gate a hundred cubits.,And there were narrow windows to the cells and to their posts within the gate round about, and likewise to the arches; and windows were round about inward; and upon each post were palm-trees.,And every cell was one reed long, and one reed broad; and the space between the cells was five cubits; and the jambs of the gate by the porch of the gate within were one reed.,the cells thereof, the posts thereof, and the arches thereof; and there were windows therein round about; the length was fifty cubits, and the breadth five and twenty cubits.,And the chamber whose prospect is toward the north is for the priests, the keepers of the charge of the altar; these are the sons of Zadok, who from among the sons of Levi come near to the LORD to minister unto Him.’,Then he measured the breadth from the forefront of the lower gate unto the forefront of the inner court without, a hundred cubits, eastward as also northward.,Then he brought me to the porch of the house, and measured each post of the porch, five cubits on this side, and five cubits on that side; and the breadth of the gate was three cubits on this side, and three cubits on that side.,And the posts thereof were toward the outer court; and palm-trees were upon the posts thereof, on this side, and on that side; and the going up to it had eight steps.,And there was a gate to the inner court toward the south; and he measured from gate to gate toward the south a hundred cubits.,And the cells thereof were three on this side and three on that side; and the posts thereof and the arches thereof were after the measure of the first gate; the length thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth five and twenty cubits.,And there were seven steps to go up to it, and the arches thereof were before them; and it had palm-trees, one on this side, and another on that side, upon the posts thereof.

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o that there was the face of a man toward the palm-tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm-tree on the other side; thus was it made through all the house round about.,The breadth of the outer wall which belonged to the side-chambers was five cubits; and so that which was left by the structure of the side-chambers that belonged to the house.,And he measured the length thereof, twenty cubits, and the breadth, twenty cubits, before the temple; and he said unto me: ‘This is the most holy place.’,And he measured the length of the building before the separate place which was at the back thereof, and the galleries thereof on the one side and on the other side, a hundred cubits. Now the temple, and the inner place, and the porches of the court,,Then went he inward, and measured each post of the entrance, two cubits; and the entrance, six cubits; and the breadth of the entrance, seven cubits.,And the temple and the sanctuary had two doors.,And it was made with cherubim and palm-trees; and a palm-tree was between cherub and cherub, and every cherub had two faces;,And the side-chambers were broader as they wound about higher and higher; for the winding about of the house went higher and higher round about the house; therefore the breadth of the house continued upward; and so one went up from the lowest row to the highest by the middle.,From the ground unto above the door were cherubim and palm-trees made; and so on the wall of the temple.,The altar, three cubits high, and the length thereof two cubits, was of wood, and so the corners thereof; the length thereof, and the walls thereof, were also of wood; and he said unto me: ‘This is the table that is before the LORD.’,As for the temple, the jambs were squared; and the face of the sanctuary had an appearance such as is the appearance.,And he measured the house, a hundred cubits long; and the separate place, and the building, with the walls thereof, a hundred cubits long;,And there were made on them, on the doors of the temple, cherubim and palm-trees, like as were made upon the walls; and there were thick beams of wood upon the face of the porch without.,Then he measured the wall of the house, six cubits; and the breadth of every side-chamber, four cubits, round about the house on every side.,And there were narrow windows and palm-trees on the one side and on the other side, on the sides of the porch; there were also the brackets of the house, and the thick beams.,the jambs, and the narrow windows, and the galleries, that they three had round about, over against the jambs there was a veneering of wood round about, and from the ground up to the windows; and the windows were covered;,And the breadth of the entrance was ten cubits; and the sides of the entrance were five cubits on the one side, and five cubits on the other side; and he measured the length thereof, forty cubits, and the breadth, twenty cubits.,I saw also that the house had a raised basement round about; the foundations of the side-chambers were a full reed of six cubits to the joining.,to the space above the door, even unto the inner house, and without, and on all the wall round about within and without, by measure.,And he brought me to athe temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, which was the breadth of the tent.,also the breadth of the face of the house and of the separate place toward the east, a hundred cubits.,And the doors had two leaves apiece, two turning leaves; two leaves for the one door, and two leaves for the other.,And the building that was before the separate place at the side toward the west was seventy cubits broad; and the wall of the building was five cubits thick round about, and the length thereof ninety cubits.,And the doors of the side-chambers were toward the place that was left, one door toward the north, and another door toward the south; and the breadth of the place that was left was five cubits round about.,And the side-chambers were one over another, three and thirty times; and there were cornices in the wall which belonged to the house for the side-chambers round about, that they might have hold therein, and not have hold in the wall of the house.,And between the chambers was a breadth of twenty cubits round about the house on every side.
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He turned about to the west side, and measured five hundred reeds with the measuring reed.,In the breadth of the wall of the court toward the east, before the separate place, and before the building, there were chambers,,And before the chambers was a walk of ten cubits breadth inward, a way of one cubit; and their doors were toward the north.,Now the upper chambers were shorter; for the galleries took away from these, more than from the lower and the middlemost, in the building.,He measured the north side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.,so were also the doors of the chambers that were toward the south, there was a door in the head of the way, even the way directly before the wall, toward the way from the east, as one entereth into them.,And from under these chambers was the entry on the east side, as one goeth into them from the outer court.,even to the front of the length of a hundred cubits, with the door on the north, and the breadth of fifty cubits,,And the wall that was without by the side of the chambers, toward the outer court in front of the chambers, the length thereof was fifty cubits.,He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.,Then he brought me forth into the outer court, the way toward the north; and he brought me into the chamber that was over against the separate place, and which was over against the building, toward the north,,When the priests enter in, then shall they not go out of the holy place into the outer court, but there they shall lay their garments wherein they minister, for they are holy; and they shall put on other garments, and shall approach to that which pertaineth to the people.’,with a way before them; like the appearance of the chambers which were toward the north, as long as they, and as broad as they, with all their goings out, and according to their fashions; and as their doors,,Then said he unto me: ‘The north chambers and the south chambers, which are before the separate place, they are the holy chambers, where the priests that are near unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things; there shall they lay the most holy things, and the meal-offering, and the sin-offering, and the guilt-offering; for the place is holy.,For they were in three stories, and they had not pillars as the pillars of the courts; therefore room was taken away from the lowest and the middlemost, in comparison with the ground.,over against the twenty cubits which belonged to the inner court, and over against the pavement which belonged to the outer court; with gallery against gallery in three stories.,He measured the south side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed.,Now when he had made an end of measuring the inner house, he brought me forth by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east, and measured it round about.,He measured it by the four sides; it had a wall round about, the length five hundred, and the breadth five hundred, to make a separation between that which was holy and that which was common.,For the length of the chambers that were toward the outer court was fifty cubits; and, lo, before the temple were a hundred cubits.
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Seven days shall they make atonement for the altar and cleanse it; so shall they consecrate it.,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, this is the place of My throne, and the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever; and the house of Israel shall no more defile My holy name, neither they, nor their kings, by their harlotry, and by the carcasses of their kings in their high places;,Seven days shalt thou prepare every day a goat for a sin-offering; they shall also prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of the flock, without blemish.,Now let them put away their harlotry, and the carcasses of their kings, far from Me, and I will dwell in the midst of them for ever.,And the settle shall be fourteen cubits long by fourteen broad in the four sides thereof; and the border about it shall be half a cubit; and the bottom thereof shall be a cubit about; and the steps thereof shall look toward the east.’,And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, make known unto them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordices thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof, and write it in their sight; that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordices thereof, and do them.,When thou hast made an end of purifying it, thou shalt offer a young bullock without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish.,Thou, son of man, show the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities; and let them measure accurately.,And when they have accomplished the days, it shall be that upon the eighth day, and forward, the priests shall make your burnt-offerings upon the altar, and your peace-offerings; and I will accept you, saith the Lord GOD.’,And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD: These are the ordices of the altar in the day when they shall make it, to offer burnt-offerings thereon, and to dash blood against it.,And I heard one speaking unto me out of the house; and a man stood by me.,and, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east; and His voice was like the sound of many waters; and the earth did shine with His glory.,And the appearance of the vision which I saw was like the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city; and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face.,in their setting of their threshold by My threshold, and their door-post beside My door-post, and there was but the wall between Me and them; and they have defiled My holy name by their abominations which they have committed; wherefore I have consumed them in Mine anger.,And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east.,And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners of the settle, and upon the border round about; thus shalt thou purify it and make atonement for it.,And on the second day thou shalt offer a he-goat without blemish for a sin-offering; and they shall purify the altar, as they did purify it with the bullock.,Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east;,And thou shalt present them before the LORD, and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt-offering unto the LORD.,Thou shalt give to the priests the Levites that are of the seed of Zadok, who are near unto Me, to minister unto Me, saith the Lord GOD, a young bullock for a sin-offering.,Thou shalt also take the bullock of the sin-offering, and it shall be burnt in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary.,And from the bottom upon the ground to the lower settle shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit; and from the lesser settle to the greater settle shall be four cubits, and the breadth a cubit.,And the hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve broad, square in the four sides thereof.,And these are the measures of the altar by cubits—the cubit is a cubit and a handbreadth: the bottom shall be a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border thereof by the edge thereof round about a span; and this shall be the base of the altar.,And the hearth shall be four cubits; and from the hearth and upward there shall be four horns.,And a spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.,This is the law of the house: upon the top of the mountain the whole limit thereof round about shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the house.
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And it shall be that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they shall be clothed with linen garments; and no wool shall come upon them, while they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within.,And after he is cleansed, they shall reckon unto him seven days.,And the first of all the first-fruits of every thing, and every heave-offering of every thing, of all your offerings, shall be for the priests; ye shall also give unto the priest the first of your dough, to cause a blessing to rest on thy house.,And when they go forth into the outer court, even into the outer court to the people, they shall put off their garments wherein they minister, and lay them in the holy chambers, and they shall put on other garments, that they sanctify not the people with their garments.,in that ye have brought in aliens, uncircumcised in heart and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in My sanctuary, to profane it, even My house, when ye offer My bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken My covet, to add unto all your abominations.,And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary, into the inner court, to minister in the sanctuary, he shall offer his sin-offering, saith the Lord GOD.,And I will make them keepers of the charge of the house, for all the service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein.,Neither shall they take for their wives a widow, nor her that is put away; but they shall take virgins of the seed of the house of Israel, or a widow that is the widow of a priest.,But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of My sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from Me, they shall come near to Me to minister unto Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer unto Me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD;,And the LORD said unto me: ‘This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, neither shall any man enter in by it, for the LORD, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it; therefore it shall be shut.,Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.,And in a controversy they shall stand to judge; according to Mine ordices shall they judge it; and they shall keep My laws and My statutes in all My appointed seasons, and they shall hallow My sabbaths.,But the Levites, that went far from Me, when Israel went astray, that went astray from Me after their idols, they shall bear their iniquity;,And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel: Thus saith the Lord GOD: O ye house of Israel, let it suffice you of all your abominations,,As for the prince, being a prince, he shall sit therein to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.’,And the LORD said unto me: ‘Son of man, mark well, and behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears all that I say unto thee concerning all the ordices of the house of the LORD, and all the laws thereof; and mark well the entering in of the house, with every going forth of the sanctuary.,Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall only poll their heads.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: No alien, uncircumcised in heart and uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into My sanctuary, even any alien that is among the children of Israel.,Then he brought me back the way of the outer gate of the sanctuary, which looketh toward the east; and it was shut.,And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.,Then he brought me the way of the north gate before the house; and I looked, and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD; and I fell upon my face.,They shall have linen tires upon their heads, and shall have linen breeches upon their loins; they shall not gird themselves with any thing that causeth sweat.,And it shall be unto them for an inheritance: I am their inheritance; and ye shall give them no possession in Israel: I am their possession.,Because they ministered unto them before their idols, and became a stumblingblock of iniquity unto the house of Israel; therefore have I lifted up My hand against them, saith the Lord GOD, and they shall bear their iniquity.,The meal-offering, and the sin-offering, and the guilt-offering, they, even they, shall eat; and every devoted thing in Israel shall be theirs.,And they shall not come near unto Me, to minister unto Me in the priest’s office, nor to come near to any of My holy things, unto the things that are most holy; but they shall bear their shame, and their abominations which they have committed.,they shall enter into My sanctuary, and they shall come near to My table, to minister unto Me, and they shall keep My charge.,and they shall be ministers in My sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering in the house: they shall slay the burnt-offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them.,And they shall come near no dead person to defile themselves; but for father, or for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, or for sister that hath had no husband, they may defile themselves.,And ye have not kept the charge of My holy things; but ye have set keepers of My charge in My sanctuary to please yourselves.,The priests shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself, or is torn, whether it be fowl or beast.

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And ye shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand long, side by side with the offering of the holy portion; it shall be for the whole house of Israel.,The ephah and the bath shall be of one measure, that the bath may contain the tenth part of a homer, and the ephah the tenth part of a homer; the measure thereof shall be after the homer.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish; and thou shalt purify the sanctuary.,Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall set apart an offering unto the LORD, a holy portion of the land; the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth shall be ten thousand; it shall be holy in all the border thereof round about.,And the shekel shall be twenty gerahs; twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, ten, and five shekels, shall be your maneh.,And the seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt-offering to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a he-goat daily for a sin-offering.,All the people of the land shall give this offering for the prince in Israel.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel; remove violence and spoil, and execute justice and righteousness; take away your exactions from My people, saith the Lord GOD.,And five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in breadth, which shall be unto the Levites, the ministers of the house, for a possession unto themselves, for twenty chambers.,And it shall be the prince’s part to give the burnt-offerings, and the meal-offerings, and the drink-offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all the appointed seasons of the house of Israel; he shall prepare the sin-offering, and the meal-offering, and the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel.,In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover; a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.,And he shall prepare a meal-offering, an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and a hin of oil to an ephah.,of the land; it shall be to him for a possession in Israel, and My princes shall no more wrong My people; but they shall give the land to the house of Israel according to their tribes.,And of this measure shalt thou measure a length of five and twenty thousand, and a breadth of ten thousand; and in it shall be the sanctuary, which is most holy.,Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath.,And so thou shalt do on the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple; so shall ye make atonement for the house.,And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering, and put it upon the door-posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.,And for the prince, on the one side and on the other side of the holy offering and of the possession of the city, in front of the holy offering and in front of the possession of the city, on the west side westward, and on the east side eastward; and in length answerable unto one of the portions, from the west border unto the east border,and the set portion of oil, the bath of oil, shall be the tithe of the bath out of the cor, which is ten baths, even a homer; for ten baths are a homer;,and one lamb of the flock, out of two hundred, from the well-watered pastures of Israel; for a meal-offering, and for a burnt-offering, and for peace-offerings, to make atonement for them, saith the Lord GOD.,And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin-offering.,of this there shall be for the holy place five hundred in length by five hundred in breadth, square round about; and fifty cubits for the open land round about it.,It is a holy portion of the land; it shall be for the priests, the ministers of the sanctuary, that come near to minister unto the LORD; and it shall be a place for their houses, and a place consecrated for the sanctuary.,In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, in the feast, shall he do the like the seven days; to the sin-offering as well as the burnt-offering, and the meal-offering as well as the oil.,This is the offering that ye shall set apart: the sixth part of an ephah out of a homer of wheat, and ye shall give the sixth part of an ephah out of a homer of barley;

46
And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock without blemish; and six lambs, and a ram; they shall be without blemish;,But when the people of the land shall come before the LORD in the appointed seasons, he that entereth by the way of the north gate to worship shall go forth by the way of the south gate; and he that entereth by the way of the south gate shall go forth by the way of the north gate; he shall not return by the way of the gate whereby he came in, but shall go forth straight before him.,and the meal-offering shall be an ephah for the ram, and the meal-offering for the lambs as he is able to give, and a hin of oil to an ephah.,But if he give of his inheritance a gift to one of his servants, it shall be his to the year of liberty; then it shall return to the prince; but as for his inheritance, it shall be for his sons.,In the four corners of the court there were courts inclosed, forty cubits long and thirty broad; these four in the corners were of one measure.,Thus shall they prepare the lamb, and the meal-offering, and the oil, morning by morning, for a continual burnt-offering.,Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of that gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons.,and he shall prepare a meal-offering, an ephah for the bullock, and an ephah for the ram, and for the lambs according as his means suffice, and a hin of oil to an ephah.,And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and the priests shall prepare his burnt-offering and his peace-offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate; then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, it is his inheritance, it shall belong to his sons; it is their possession by inheritance.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath day it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.,And when the prince shall prepare a freewill-offering, a burnt-offering or peace-offerings as a freewill-offering unto the LORD, one shall open for him the gate that looketh toward the east, and he shall prepare his burnt-offering and his peace-offerings, as he doth on the sabbath day; then he shall go forth; and after his going forth one shall shut the gate.,Then said he unto me: ‘These are the boiling-places, where the ministers of the house shall boil the sacrifices of the people.’,And the burnt-offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD shall be in the sabbath day six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish;,And thou shalt prepare a meal-offering with it morning by morning, the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of a hin of oil, to moisten the fine flour: a meal-offering unto the LORD continually by a perpetual ordice.,And there was a row of masonry round about in them, round about the four, and it was made with boiling-places under the rows round about.,And he said unto me: ‘This is the place where the priests shall boil the guilt-offering and the sin-offering, where they shall bake the meal-offering; that they bring them not forth into the outer court, to sanctify the people.’,And the prince, when they go in, shall go in in the midst of them; and when they go forth, they shall go forth together.,And in the feasts and in the appointed seasons the meal-offering shall be an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and for the lambs as he is able to give, and a hin of oil to an ephah.,Then he brought me forth into the outer court, and caused me to pass by the four corners of the court; and, behold, in every corner of the court there was a court.,Then he brought me through the entry, which was at the side of the gate, into the holy chambers for the priests, which looked toward the north; and, behold, there was a place on the hinder part westward.,Moreover the prince shall not take of the people’s inheritance, to thrust them wrongfully out of their possession; he shall give inheritance to his sons out of his own possession; that My people be not scattered every man from his possession.’,And when the prince shall enter, he shall go in by the way of the porch of the gate, and he shall go forth by the way thereof.,And thou shalt prepare a lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt-offering unto the LORD daily; morning by morning shalt thou prepare it.

47
And it shall come to pass, that every living creature wherewith it swarmeth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live; and there shall be a very great multitude of fish; for these waters are come thither, that all things be healed and may live whithersoever the river cometh.,Again he measured a thousand, and caused me to pass through the waters, waters that were to the knees. Again he measured a thousand, and caused me to pass through waters that were to the loins.,And this shall be the border of the land: on the north side, from the Great Sea, by the way of Hethlon, unto the entrance of Zedad;,And the east side, between Hauran and Damascus and Gilead, and the land of Israel, by the Jordan, from the border unto the east sea shall ye measure. This is the east side.,And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow every tree for food, whose leaf shall not wither, neither shall the fruit thereof fail; it shall bring forth new fruit every month, because the waters thereof issue out of the sanctuary; and the fruit thereof shall be for food, and the leaf thereof for healing.’ .,And ye shall inherit it, one as well as another, concerning which I lifted up My hand to give it unto your fathers; and this land shall fall unto you for inheritance.,Afterward he measured a thousand; and it was a river that I could not pass through; for the waters were risen, waters to swim in, a river that could not be passed through.,Now when I had been brought back, behold, upon the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other.,And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger sojourneth, there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith the Lord GOD.,Thus saith the Lord GOD: ‘This shall be the border, whereby ye shall divide the land for inheritance according to the twelve tribes of Israel, Joseph receiving two portions.,Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazer-hatticon, which is by the border of Hauran.,And the border from the sea shall be Hazar-enon at the border of Damascus, and on the north northward is the border of Hamath. This is the north side.,But the miry places thereof, and the marshes thereof, shall not be healed; they shall be given for salt.,And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you and to the strangers that sojourn among you, who shall beget children among you; and they shall be unto you as the home-born among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel.,And it shall come to pass, that fishers shall stand by it from En-gedi even unto En-eglaim; there shall be a place for the spreading of nets; their fish shall be after their kinds, as the fish of the Great Sea, exceeding many.,Then said he unto me: ‘These waters issue forth toward the eastern region, and shall go down into the Arabah; and when they shall enter into the sea, into the sea of the putrid waters, the waters shall be healed.,And he said unto me: ‘Hast thou seen this, O son of man?’ Then he led me, and caused me to return to the bank of the river.,When the man went forth eastward with the line in his hand, he measured a thousand cubits, and he caused me to pass through the waters, waters that were to the ankles.,And the west side shall be the Great Sea, from the border as far as over against the entrance of Hamath. This is the west side.,So shall ye divide this land unto you according to the tribes of Israel.,Then brought he me out by the way of the gate northward, and led me round by the way without unto the outer gate, by the way of the gate that looketh toward the east; and, behold, there trickled forth waters on the right side.,And the south side southward shall be from Tamar as far as the waters of Meriboth-kadesh, to the Brook, unto the Great Sea. This is the south side southward.,And he brought me back unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward, for the forefront of the house looked toward the east; and the waters came down from under, from the right side of the house, on the south of the altar."
4
8
And by the border of Ephraim, from the east side even unto the west side: Reuben, one portion.,And by the border of Benjamin, from the east side unto the west side: Simeon, one portion.,And answerable unto the border of the priests, the Levites shall have five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in breadth; all the length shall be five and twenty thousand, and the breadth ten thousand.,And they that serve the city, out of all the tribes of Israel, shall till it.,And the residue shall be for the prince, on the one side and on the other of the holy offering and of the possession of the city, in front of the five and twenty thousand of the offering toward the east border, and westward in front of the five and twenty thousand toward the west border, answerable unto the portions, it shall be for the prince; and the holy offering and the sanctuary of the house shall be in the midst thereof.,And these shall be the measures thereof: the north side four thousand and five hundred, and the south side four thousand and five hundred, and on the east side four thousand and five hundred, and the west side four thousand and five hundred.,The sanctified portion shall be for the priests of the sons of Zadok, that have kept My charge, that went not astray when the children of Israel went astray, as the Levites went astray.,And by the border of Gad, at the south side southward, the border shall be even from Tamar unto the waters of Meribath-kadesh, to the Brook, unto the Great Sea.,And the five thousand that are left in the breadth, in front of the five and twenty thousand, shall be for common use, for the city, for dwelling and for open land; and the city shall be in the midst thereof.,And by the border of Reuben, from the east side unto the west side: Judah, one portion.,And by the border of Manasseh, from the east side unto the west side: Ephraim, one portion.,And as for the rest of the tribes: from the east side unto the west side: Benjamin, one portion.,And it shall be unto them a portion set apart from the offering of the land, a thing most holy, by the border of the Levites.,and the gates of the city shall be after the names of the tribes of Israel; three gates northward: the gate of Reuben, one; the gate of Judah, one; the gate of Levi, one;,And by the border of Asher, from the east side even unto the west side: Naphtali, one portion.,All the offering shall be five and twenty thousand by five and twenty thousand; ye shall set apart the holy offering foursquare, with the possession of the city.,And by the border of Zebulun, from the east side unto the west side: Gad, one portion.,And by the border of Judah, from the east side unto the west side, shall be the offering which ye shall set aside, five and twenty thousand reeds in breadth, and in length as one of the portions, from the east side unto the west side; and the sanctuary shall be in the midst of it.,and at the south side four thousand and five hundred reeds by measure; and three gates: the gate of Simeon, one; the gate of Issachar, one; the gate of Zebulun, one;,and at the east side four thousand and five hundred reeds; and three gates: even the gate of Joseph, one; the gate of Benjamin, one; the gate of Dan, one;,And the city shall have open land: toward the north two hundred and fifty, and toward the south two hundred and fifty, and toward the east two hundred and fifty, and toward the west two hundred and fifty.,And they shall not sell of it, nor exchange, nor alienate the first portion of the land; for it is holy unto the LORD.,And by the border of Dan, from the east side unto the west side: Asher, one portion.,And these are the goings out of the city: on the north side four thousand and five hundred reeds by measure;,And by the border of Simeon, from the east side unto the west side: Issachar, one portion.,This is the land which ye shall divide by lot unto the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions, saith the Lord GOD.,And the residue in the length, answerable unto the holy offering, shall be ten thousand eastward, and ten thousand westward; and it shall be answerable unto the holy offering; and the increase thereof shall be for food unto them that serve the city.,And by the border of Naphtali, from the east side unto the west side: Manasseh, one portion.,And by the border of Issachar, from the east side unto the west side: Zebulun, one portion.,It shall be eighteen thousand reeds round about. And the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there.’,The offering that ye shall set apart unto the LORD shall be five and twenty thousand reeds in length, and ten thousand in breadth.,And for these, even for the priests, shall be the holy offering; toward the north five and twenty thousand in length, and toward the west ten thousand in breadth, and toward the east ten thousand in breadth, and toward the south five and twenty thousand in length; and the sanctuary of the LORD shall be in the midst thereof.,Thus the possession of the Levites, and the possession of the city, shall be in the midst of that which is the prince’s; between the border of Judah and the border of Benjamin shall be the prince’s.,at the west side four thousand and five hundred reeds, with their three gates: the gate of Gad, one; the gate of Asher, one; the gate of Naphtali, one.,Now these are the names of the tribes: from the north end, beside the way of Hethlon to the entrance of Hamath, Hazar-e, at the border of Damascus, northward, beside Hamath; and they shall have their sides east and west: Dan, one portion. ' None
26. Euripides, Hippolytus, 35, 317, 946, 1448 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • exile

 Found in books: Meinel (2015), Pollution and Crisis in Greek Tragedy, 36, 37, 38; Petrovic and Petrovic (2016), Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion, 184, 209, 210

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35 μίασμα φεύγων αἵματος Παλλαντιδῶν' "
317
χεῖρες μὲν ἁγναί, φρὴν δ' ἔχει μίασμά τι." 946 δεῖξον δ', ἐπειδή γ' ἐς μίασμ' ἐλήλυθα," 1448 ἦ τὴν ἐμὴν ἄναγνον ἐκλιπὼν χέρα;'" None
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35 flying the pollution of the blood of Pallas’ Descendants of Pandion, king of Cecropia, slain by Theseus to obtain the kingdom. sons, and with his wife sailed to this shore, content to suffer exile for a year, then began the wretched wife to pine away in silence, moaning ’neath love’s cruel scourge,
317
My hands are pure, but on my soul there rests a stain. Nurse
946
by my dead wife. Now, since thou hast dared this loathly crime, come, look thy father in the face. Art thou the man who dost with gods consort, as one above the vulgar herd? art thou the chaste and sinless saint?
1448
Canst leave me thus with murder on my soul! Hippolytu'' None
27. Hebrew Bible, 1 Chronicles, 10.12 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Gera (2014), Judith, 188; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 1059

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10.12 וַיָּקוּמוּ כָּל־אִישׁ חַיִל וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־גּוּפַת שָׁאוּל וְאֵת גּוּפֹת בָּנָיו וַיְבִיאוּם יָבֵישָׁה וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֶת־עַצְמוֹתֵיהֶם תַּחַת הָאֵלָה בְּיָבֵשׁ וַיָּצוּמוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים׃'' None
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10.12 all the valiant men arose, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the terebinth in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.'' None
28. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 13.6, 36.21 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian Exile • Babylonian exile, • Exile • Exile Babylonian • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 306; Gera (2014), Judith, 46; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 55

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13.6 וַיָּקָם יָרָבְעָם בֶּן־נְבָט עֶבֶד שְׁלֹמֹה בֶן־דָּוִיד וַיִּמְרֹד עַל־אֲדֹנָיו׃
36.21
לְמַלֹּאות דְּבַר־יְהוָה בְּפִי יִרְמְיָהוּ עַד־רָצְתָה הָאָרֶץ אֶת־שַׁבְּתוֹתֶיהָ כָּל־יְמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה שָׁבָתָה לְמַלֹּאות שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃'' None
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13.6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up, and rebelled against his lord.
36.21
to fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had been paid her sabbaths; for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.'' None
29. Hebrew Bible, Ezra, 1.2-1.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Exile, Babylonian • Return from exile (general) • Shekhinah, Exile of • exile

 Found in books: Bickerman and Tropper (2007), Studies in Jewish and Christian History, 88, 95; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 157, 158; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly, (2022), The Lord’s Prayer, 22; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 75; Nikolsky and Ilan (2014), Rabbinic Traditions Between Palestine and Babylonia, 158

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1.2 כֹּה אָמַר כֹּרֶשׁ מֶלֶךְ פָּרַס כֹּל מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ נָתַן לִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמָיִם וְהוּא־פָקַד עָלַי לִבְנוֹת־לוֹ בַיִת בִּירוּשָׁלִַם אֲשֶׁר בִּיהוּדָה׃ 1.3 מִי־בָכֶם מִכָּל־עַמּוֹ יְהִי אֱלֹהָיו עִמּוֹ וְיַעַל לִירוּשָׁלִַם אֲשֶׁר בִּיהוּדָה וְיִבֶן אֶת־בֵּית יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃ 1.4 וְכָל־הַנִּשְׁאָר מִכָּל־הַמְּקֹמוֹת אֲשֶׁר הוּא גָר־שָׁם יְנַשְּׂאוּהוּ אַנְשֵׁי מְקֹמוֹ בְּכֶסֶף וּבְזָהָב וּבִרְכוּשׁ וּבִבְהֵמָה עִם־הַנְּדָבָה לְבֵית הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃' ' None
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1.2 ’Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia: All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD, the God of heaven, given me; and He hath charged me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 1.3 Whosoever there is among you of all His people—his God be with him—let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD, the God of Israel, He is the God who is in Jerusalem. 1.4 And whosoever is left, in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill-offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.’ 9 Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the faithlessness of them of the captivity; and I sat appalled until the evening offering.,Since the days of our fathers we have been exceeding guilty unto this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, and to spoiling, and to confusion of face, as it is this day.,And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down appalled.,which Thou hast commanded by Thy servants the prophets, saying: The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land through the uncleanness of the peoples of the lands, through their abominations, wherewith they have filled it from one end to another with their filthiness.,And at the evening offering I arose up from my fasting, even with my garment and my mantle rent; and I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the LORD my God;,O LORD, the God of Israel, Thou art righteous; for we are left a remt that is escaped, as it is this day; behold, we are before Thee in our guiltiness; for none can stand before Thee because of this.’,Now when these things were done, the princes drew near unto me, saying: ‘The people of Israel, and the priests and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the peoples of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.,Now therefore give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their prosperity for ever; that ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children for ever.,For we are bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the ruins thereof, and to give us a fence in Judah and in Jerusalem.,And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? for we have forsaken Thy commandments,,And now for a little moment grace hath been shown from the LORD our God, to leave us a remt to escape, and to give us a nail in His holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage.,shall we again break Thy commandments, and make marriages with the peoples that do these abominations? wouldest not Thou be angry with us till Thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remt, nor any to escape?,For they have taken of their daughters for themselves and for their sons; so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the peoples of the lands; yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been first in this faithlessness.’,and I said: ‘O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to Thee, my God; for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our guiltiness is grown up unto the heavens.,And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great guilt, seeing that Thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such a remt,'' None
30. Hebrew Bible, Nehemiah, 8.1, 9.6-9.37 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile • Exile • city-gate, forerunner of synagogue, post-Exilic period • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 91; Gera (2014), Judith, 188, 201, 207, 208, 211, 213, 313; Levine (2005), The Ancient Synagogue, The First Thousand Years, 32; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 75; Waldner et al. (2016), Burial Rituals, Ideas of Afterlife, and the Individual in the Hellenistic World and the Roman Empire, 179

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8.1 וַיֵּאָסְפוּ כָל־הָעָם כְּאִישׁ אֶחָד אֶל־הָרְחוֹב אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי שַׁעַר־הַמָּיִם וַיֹּאמְרוּ לְעֶזְרָא הַסֹּפֵר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר תּוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה יְהוָה אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃
8.1
וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם לְכוּ אִכְלוּ מַשְׁמַנִּים וּשְׁתוּ מַמְתַקִּים וְשִׁלְחוּ מָנוֹת לְאֵין נָכוֹן לוֹ כִּי־קָדוֹשׁ הַיּוֹם לַאֲדֹנֵינוּ וְאַל־תֵּעָצֵבוּ כִּי־חֶדְוַת יְהוָה הִיא מָעֻזְּכֶם׃
9.6
אַתָּה־הוּא יְהוָה לְבַדֶּךָ את אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם שְׁמֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם וְכָל־צְבָאָם הָאָרֶץ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר עָלֶיהָ הַיַּמִּים וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר בָּהֶם וְאַתָּה מְחַיֶּה אֶת־כֻּלָּם וּצְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם לְךָ מִשְׁתַּחֲוִים׃ 9.7 אַתָּה־הוּא יְהוָה הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתָּ בְּאַבְרָם וְהוֹצֵאתוֹ מֵאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים וְשַׂמְתָּ שְּׁמוֹ אַבְרָהָם׃ 9.8 וּמָצָאתָ אֶת־לְבָבוֹ נֶאֱמָן לְפָנֶיךָ וְכָרוֹת עִמּוֹ הַבְּרִית לָתֵת אֶת־אֶרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַחִתִּי הָאֱמֹרִי וְהַפְּרִזִּי וְהַיְבוּסִי וְהַגִּרְגָּשִׁי לָתֵת לְזַרְעוֹ וַתָּקֶם אֶת־דְּבָרֶיךָ כִּי צַדִּיק אָתָּה׃ 9.9 וַתֵּרֶא אֶת־עֳנִי אֲבֹתֵינוּ בְּמִצְרָיִם וְאֶת־זַעֲקָתָם שָׁמַעְתָּ עַל־יַם־סוּף׃' '9.11 וְהַיָּם בָּקַעְתָּ לִפְנֵיהֶם וַיַּעַבְרוּ בְתוֹךְ־הַיָּם בַּיַּבָּשָׁה וְאֶת־רֹדְפֵיהֶם הִשְׁלַכְתָּ בִמְצוֹלֹת כְּמוֹ־אֶבֶן בְּמַיִם עַזִּים׃ 9.12 וּבְעַמּוּד עָנָן הִנְחִיתָם יוֹמָם וּבְעַמּוּד אֵשׁ לַיְלָה לְהָאִיר לָהֶם אֶת־הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר יֵלְכוּ־בָהּ׃ 9.13 וְעַל הַר־סִינַי יָרַדְתָּ וְדַבֵּר עִמָּהֶם מִשָּׁמָיִם וַתִּתֵּן לָהֶם מִשְׁפָּטִים יְשָׁרִים וְתוֹרוֹת אֱמֶת חֻקִּים וּמִצְוֺת טוֹבִים׃ 9.14 וְאֶת־שַׁבַּת קָדְשְׁךָ הוֹדַעַתָ לָהֶם וּמִצְווֹת וְחֻקִּים וְתוֹרָה צִוִּיתָ לָהֶם בְּיַד מֹשֶׁה עַבְדֶּךָ׃ 9.15 וְלֶחֶם מִשָּׁמַיִם נָתַתָּה לָהֶם לִרְעָבָם וּמַיִם מִסֶּלַע הוֹצֵאתָ לָהֶם לִצְמָאָם וַתֹּאמֶר לָהֶם לָבוֹא לָרֶשֶׁת אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־נָשָׂאתָ אֶת־יָדְךָ לָתֵת לָהֶם׃ 9.16 וְהֵם וַאֲבֹתֵינוּ הֵזִידוּ וַיַּקְשׁוּ אֶת־עָרְפָּם וְלֹא שָׁמְעוּ אֶל־מִצְוֺתֶיךָ׃ 9.17 וַיְמָאֲנוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ וְלֹא־זָכְרוּ נִפְלְאֹתֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָ עִמָּהֶם וַיַּקְשׁוּ אֶת־עָרְפָּם וַיִּתְּנוּ־רֹאשׁ לָשׁוּב לְעַבְדֻתָם בְּמִרְיָם וְאַתָּה אֱלוֹהַּ סְלִיחוֹת חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם אֶרֶךְ־אַפַּיִם וְרַב־וחסד חֶסֶד וְלֹא עֲזַבְתָּם׃ 9.18 אַף כִּי־עָשׂוּ לָהֶם עֵגֶל מַסֵּכָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ זֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר הֶעֶלְךָ מִמִּצְרָיִם וַיַּעֲשׂוּ נֶאָצוֹת גְּדֹלוֹת׃ 9.19 וְאַתָּה בְּרַחֲמֶיךָ הָרַבִּים לֹא עֲזַבְתָּם בַּמִּדְבָּר אֶת־עַמּוּד הֶעָנָן לֹא־סָר מֵעֲלֵיהֶם בְּיוֹמָם לְהַנְחֹתָם בְּהַדֶּרֶךְ וְאֶת־עַמּוּד הָאֵשׁ בְּלַיְלָה לְהָאִיר לָהֶם וְאֶת־הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר יֵלְכוּ־בָהּ׃ 9.21 וְאַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה כִּלְכַּלְתָּם בַּמִּדְבָּר לֹא חָסֵרוּ שַׂלְמֹתֵיהֶם לֹא בָלוּ וְרַגְלֵיהֶם לֹא בָצֵקוּ׃ 9.22 וַתִּתֵּן לָהֶם מַמְלָכוֹת וַעֲמָמִים וַתַּחְלְקֵם לְפֵאָה וַיִּירְשׁוּ אֶת־אֶרֶץ סִיחוֹן וְאֶת־אֶרֶץ מֶלֶךְ חֶשְׁבּוֹן וְאֶת־אֶרֶץ עוֹג מֶלֶךְ־הַבָּשָׁן׃ 9.23 וּבְנֵיהֶם הִרְבִּיתָ כְּכֹכְבֵי הַשָּׁמָיִם וַתְּבִיאֵם אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אָמַרְתָּ לַאֲבֹתֵיהֶם לָבוֹא לָרָשֶׁת׃ 9.24 וַיָּבֹאוּ הַבָּנִים וַיִּירְשׁוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וַתַּכְנַע לִפְנֵיהֶם אֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִים וַתִּתְּנֵם בְּיָדָם וְאֶת־מַלְכֵיהֶם וְאֶת־עַמְמֵי הָאָרֶץ לַעֲשׂוֹת בָּהֶם כִּרְצוֹנָם׃ 9.25 וַיִּלְכְּדוּ עָרִים בְּצֻרוֹת וַאֲדָמָה שְׁמֵנָה וַיִּירְשׁוּ בָּתִּים מְלֵאִים־כָּל־טוּב בֹּרוֹת חֲצוּבִים כְּרָמִים וְזֵיתִים וְעֵץ מַאֲכָל לָרֹב וַיֹּאכְלוּ וַיִּשְׂבְּעוּ וַיַּשְׁמִינוּ וַיִּתְעַדְּנוּ בְּטוּבְךָ הַגָּדוֹל׃ 9.26 וַיַּמְרוּ וַיִּמְרְדוּ בָּךְ וַיַּשְׁלִכוּ אֶת־תּוֹרָתְךָ אַחֲרֵי גַוָּם וְאֶת־נְבִיאֶיךָ הָרָגוּ אֲשֶׁר־הֵעִידוּ בָם לַהֲשִׁיבָם אֵלֶיךָ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ נֶאָצוֹת גְּדוֹלֹת׃ 9.27 וַתִּתְּנֵם בְּיַד צָרֵיהֶם וַיָּצֵרוּ לָהֶם וּבְעֵת צָרָתָם יִצְעֲקוּ אֵלֶיךָ וְאַתָּה מִשָּׁמַיִם תִּשְׁמָע וּכְרַחֲמֶיךָ הָרַבִּים תִּתֵּן לָהֶם מוֹשִׁיעִים וְיוֹשִׁיעוּם מִיַּד צָרֵיהֶם׃ 9.28 וּכְנוֹחַ לָהֶם יָשׁוּבוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת רַע לְפָנֶיךָ וַתַּעַזְבֵם בְּיַד אֹיְבֵיהֶם וַיִּרְדּוּ בָהֶם וַיָּשׁוּבוּ וַיִּזְעָקוּךָ וְאַתָּה מִשָּׁמַיִם תִּשְׁמַע וְתַצִּילֵם כְּרַחֲמֶיךָ רַבּוֹת עִתִּים׃ 9.29 וַתָּעַד בָּהֶם לַהֲשִׁיבָם אֶל־תּוֹרָתֶךָ וְהֵמָּה הֵזִידוּ וְלֹא־שָׁמְעוּ לְמִצְוֺתֶיךָ וּבְמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ חָטְאוּ־בָם אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם וְחָיָה בָהֶם וַיִּתְּנוּ כָתֵף סוֹרֶרֶת וְעָרְפָּם הִקְשׁוּ וְלֹא שָׁמֵעוּ׃ 9.31 וּבְרַחֲמֶיךָ הָרַבִּים לֹא־עֲשִׂיתָם כָּלָה וְלֹא עֲזַבְתָּם כִּי אֵל־חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם אָתָּה׃ 9.32 וְעַתָּה אֱלֹהֵינוּ הָאֵל הַגָּדוֹל הַגִּבּוֹר וְהַנּוֹרָא שׁוֹמֵר הַבְּרִית וְהַחֶסֶד אַל־יִמְעַט לְפָנֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הַתְּלָאָה אֲשֶׁר־מְצָאַתְנוּ לִמְלָכֵינוּ לְשָׂרֵינוּ וּלְכֹהֲנֵינוּ וְלִנְבִיאֵנוּ וְלַאֲבֹתֵינוּ וּלְכָל־עַמֶּךָ מִימֵי מַלְכֵי אַשּׁוּר עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃ 9.33 וְאַתָּה צַדִּיק עַל כָּל־הַבָּא עָלֵינוּ כִּי־אֱמֶת עָשִׂיתָ וַאֲנַחְנוּ הִרְשָׁעְנוּ׃ 9.34 וְאֶת־מְלָכֵינוּ שָׂרֵינוּ כֹּהֲנֵינוּ וַאֲבֹתֵינוּ לֹא עָשׂוּ תּוֹרָתֶךָ וְלֹא הִקְשִׁיבוּ אֶל־מִצְוֺתֶיךָ וּלְעֵדְוֺתֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר הַעִידֹתָ בָּהֶם׃ 9.35 וְהֵם בְּמַלְכוּתָם וּבְטוּבְךָ הָרָב אֲשֶׁר־נָתַתָּ לָהֶם וּבְאֶרֶץ הָרְחָבָה וְהַשְּׁמֵנָה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַתָּ לִפְנֵיהֶם לֹא עֲבָדוּךָ וְלֹא־שָׁבוּ מִמַּעַלְלֵיהֶם הָרָעִים׃ 9.36 הִנֵּה אֲנַחְנוּ הַיּוֹם עֲבָדִים וְהָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַתָּה לַאֲבֹתֵינוּ לֶאֱכֹל אֶת־פִּרְיָהּ וְאֶת־טוּבָהּ הִנֵּה אֲנַחְנוּ עֲבָדִים עָלֶיהָ׃ 9.37 וּתְבוּאָתָהּ מַרְבָּה לַמְּלָכִים אֲשֶׁר־נָתַתָּה עָלֵינוּ בְּחַטֹּאותֵינוּ וְעַל גְּוִיֹּתֵינוּ מֹשְׁלִים וּבִבְהֶמְתֵּנוּ כִּרְצוֹנָם וּבְצָרָה גְדוֹלָה אֲנָחְנוּ׃'' None
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8.1 all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the broad place that was before the water gate; and they spoke unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel.
9.6
Thou art the LORD, even Thou alone; Thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all things that are thereon, the seas and all that is in them, and Thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth Thee. 9.7 Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; 9.8 and foundest his heart faithful before Thee, and madest a covet with him to give the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite, and the Girgashite, even to give it unto his seed, and hast performed Thy words; for Thou art righteous; 9.9 And Thou sawest the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red Sea; 9.10 and didst show signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land; for Thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them; and didst get Thee a name, as it is this day. 9.11 And Thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their pursuers Thou didst cast into the depths, as a stone into the mighty waters. 9.12 Moreover in a pillar of cloud Thou didst lead them by day; and in a pillar of fire by night, to give them light in the way wherein they should go. 9.13 Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spokest with them from heaven, and gavest them right ordices and laws of truth, good statutes and commandments; 9.14 and madest known unto them Thy holy sabbath, and didst command them commandments, and statutes, and a law, by the hand of Moses Thy servant; 9.15 and gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and didst command them that they should go in to possess the land which Thou hadst lifted up Thy hand to give them. 9.16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their neck, and hearkened not to Thy commandments, 9.17 and refused to hearken, neither were mindful of Thy wonders that Thou didst among them; but hardened their neck, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage; but Thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and full of compassion, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy, and forsookest them not. 9.18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said: ‘This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; 9.19 yet Thou in Thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness; the pillar of cloud departed not from over them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to show them light, and the way wherein they should go. 9.20 Thou gavest also Thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not Thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. 9.21 Yea, forty years didst Thou sustain them in the wilderness, and they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not. 9.22 Moreover Thou gavest them kingdoms and peoples, which Thou didst allot quarter by quarter; so they possessed the land of Sihon, even the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. 9.23 Their children also didst Thou multiply as the stars of heaven, and didst bring them into the land, concerning which Thou didst say to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it. 9.24 So the children went in and possessed the land, and Thou didst subdue before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the peoples of the land, that they might do with them as they would. 9.25 And they took fortified cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all good things, cisterns hewn out, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit-trees in abundance; so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and luxuriated in Thy great goodness. 9.26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against Thee, and cast Thy law behind their back, and slew Thy prophets that did forewarn them to turn them back unto Thee, and they wrought great provocations. 9.27 Therefore Thou didst deliver them into the hand of their adversaries, who distressed them; and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto Thee, Thou heardest from heaven; and according to Thy manifold mercies Thou gavest them saviours who might save them out of the hand of their adversaries. 9.28 But after they had rest, they did evil again before Thee; therefore didst Thou leave them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them; yet when they returned, and cried unto Thee, many times didst Thou hear from heaven, and deliver them according to Thy mercies; 9.29 and didst forewarn them, that Thou mightest bring them back unto Thy law; yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto Thy commandments, but sinned against Thine ordices, which if a man do, he shall live by them, and presented a stubborn shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. 9.30 Yet many years didst Thou extend mercy unto them, and didst forewarn them by Thy spirit through Thy prophets; yet would they not give ear; therefore gavest Thou them into the hand of the peoples of the lands. 9.31 Nevertheless in Thy manifold mercies Thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for Thou art a gracious and merciful God. 9.32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the awful God, who keepest covet and mercy, let not all the travail seem little before Thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all Thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. 9.33 Howbeit Thou art just in all that is come upon us; for Thou hast dealt truly, but we have done wickedly; 9.34 neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept Thy law, nor hearkened unto Thy commandments and Thy testimonies, wherewith Thou didst testify against them. 9.35 For they have not served Thee in their kingdom, and in Thy great goodness that Thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which Thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works. 9.36 Behold, we are servants this day, and as for the land that Thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it. 9.37 And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom Thou hast set over us because of our sins; also they have power over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress.’'' None
31. Hebrew Bible, Zechariah, 1.1, 1.3-1.4, 1.15, 2.17, 5.1-5.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Azriel (R.), Exile • Babylonia, exile in • Babylonian Exile • Divine/God,, Exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile in Babylon • God, presence in exile • God–Israel relationship, Gods presence in exile • Israel, Gods presence in exile • Shekhinah, Exile of • Zion, exiles return to • exile • exile, Gods presence in • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exile, return from • mikdash me'at, as metaphor for deitys accessibility in exile • temple in Jerusalem, exiles return to

 Found in books: Amsler (2023), Knowledge Construction in Late Antiquity, 34, 36; DeJong (2022), A Prophet like Moses (Deut 18:15, 18): The Origin, History, and Influence of the Mosaic Prophetic Succession, 118; Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 357, 358; Ganzel and Holtz (2020), Contextualizing Jewish Temples, 126; Gera (2014), Judith, 136; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 801; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 10, 38; Stern (2004), From Rebuke to Consolation: Exegesis and Theology in the Liturgical Anthology of the Ninth of Av Season, 132; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 55

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1.1 בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁמִינִי בִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם לְדָרְיָוֶשׁ הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־זְכַרְיָה בֶּן־בֶּרֶכְיָה בֶּן־עִדּוֹ הַנָּבִיא לֵאמֹר׃"
1.1
וַיַּעַן הָאִישׁ הָעֹמֵד בֵּין־הַהַדַסִּים וַיֹּאמַר אֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח יְהוָה לְהִתְהַלֵּךְ בָּאָרֶץ׃
1.3
וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת שׁוּבוּ אֵלַי נְאֻם יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת וְאָשׁוּב אֲלֵיכֶם אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת׃ 1.4 אַל־תִּהְיוּ כַאֲבֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר קָרְאוּ־אֲלֵיהֶם הַנְּבִיאִים הָרִאשֹׁנִים לֵאמֹר כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת שׁוּבוּ נָא מִדַּרְכֵיכֶם הָרָעִים ומעליליכם וּמַעֲלְלֵיכֶם הָרָעִים וְלֹא שָׁמְעוּ וְלֹא־הִקְשִׁיבוּ אֵלַי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

1.15
וְקֶצֶף גָּדוֹל אֲנִי קֹצֵף עַל־הַגּוֹיִם הַשַּׁאֲנַנִּים אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי קָצַפְתִּי מְּעָט וְהֵמָּה עָזְרוּ לְרָעָה׃
2.17
הַס כָּל־בָּשָׂר מִפְּנֵי יְהוָה כִּי נֵעוֹר מִמְּעוֹן קָדְשׁוֹ׃
5.1
וָאָשׁוּב וָאֶשָּׂא עֵינַי וָאֶרְאֶה וְהִנֵּה מְגִלָּה עָפָה׃
5.1
וָאֹמַר אֶל־הַמַּלְאָךְ הַדֹּבֵר בִּי אָנָה הֵמָּה מוֹלִכוֹת אֶת־הָאֵיפָה׃ 5.2 וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי מָה אַתָּה רֹאֶה וָאֹמַר אֲנִי רֹאֶה מְגִלָּה עָפָה אָרְכָּהּ עֶשְׂרִים בָּאַמָּה וְרָחְבָּהּ עֶשֶׂר בָּאַמָּה׃ 5.3 וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי זֹאת הָאָלָה הַיּוֹצֵאת עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־הָאָרֶץ כִּי כָל־הַגֹּנֵב מִזֶּה כָּמוֹהָ נִקָּה וְכָל־הַנִּשְׁבָּע מִזֶּה כָּמוֹהָ נִקָּה׃ 5.4 הוֹצֵאתִיהָ נְאֻם יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת וּבָאָה אֶל־בֵּית הַגַּנָּב וְאֶל־בֵּית הַנִּשְׁבָּע בִּשְׁמִי לַשָּׁקֶר וְלָנֶה בְּתוֹךְ בֵּיתוֹ וְכִלַּתּוּ וְאֶת־עֵצָיו וְאֶת־אֲבָנָיו׃' ' None
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1.1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying:"
1.3
Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Return unto Me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. 1.4 Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets proclaimed, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Return ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings; but they did not hear, nor attend unto Me, saith the LORD.

1.15
and I am very sore displeased with the nations that are at ease; for I was but a little displeased, and they helped for evil.
2.17
Be silent, all flesh, before the LORD; for He is aroused out of His holy habitation.
5.1
Then again I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold a flying scroll. 5.2 And he said unto me: ‘What seest thou?’ And I answered: ‘I see a flying scroll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.’ 5.3 Then said he unto me: ‘This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole land; for every one that stealeth shall be swept away on the one side like it; and every one that sweareth shall be swept away on the other side like it. 5.4 I cause it to go forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by My name; and it shall abide in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.’ 5 And he said unto me: ‘To build her a house in the land of Shinar; and when it is prepared, she shall be set there in her own place.,Then said he unto me: ‘This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole land; for every one that stealeth shall be swept away on the one side like it; and every one that sweareth shall be swept away on the other side like it.,and, behold, there was lifted up a round piece of lead—and this is a woman sitting in the midst of the measure.’,And I said: ‘What is it?’ And he said: ‘This is the measure that goeth forth.’ He said moreover: ‘This is their eye in all the land—,Then again I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold a flying scroll.,And he said: ‘This is Wickedness.’ And he cast her down into the midst of the measure, and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof.,Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there came forth two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork; and they lifted up the measure between the earth and the heaven.,Then said I to the angel that spoke with me: ‘Whither do these bear the measure?’,And he said unto me: ‘What seest thou?’ And I answered: ‘I see a flying scroll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.’,I cause it to go forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by My name; and it shall abide in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.’,Then the angel that spoke with me went forth, and said unto me: ‘Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth.’'' None
32. Herodotus, Histories, 4.1, 4.5-4.13, 5.78, 7.102-7.104 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Damaratus (Spartan exile) • Ovid, natural philosophy in exilic corpus • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • ostracism

 Found in books: Gera (2014), Judith, 201, 205, 215; Gorman, Gorman (2014), Corrupting Luxury in Ancient Greek Literature. 99, 100, 106; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007), Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece, 162; Williams and Vol (2022), Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher, 251

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4.1 μετὰ δὲ τὴν Βαβυλῶνος αἵρεσιν ἐγένετο ἐπὶ Σκύθας αὐτοῦ Δαρείου ἔλασις· ἀνθεύσης γὰρ τῆς Ἀσίης ἀνδράσι καὶ χρημάτων μεγάλων συνιόντων, ἐπεθύμησε ὁ Δαρεῖος τίσασθαι Σκύθας, ὅτι ἐκεῖνοι πρότεροι ἐσβαλόντες ἐς τὴν Μηδικὴν καὶ νικήσαντες μάχῃ τοὺς ἀντιουμένους ὑπῆρξαν ἀδικίης. τῆς γὰρ ἄνω Ἀσίης ἦρξαν, ὡς καὶ πρότερον μοι εἴρηται, Σκύθαι ἔτεα δυῶν δέοντα τριήκοντα. Κιμμερίους γὰρ ἐπιδιώκοντες ἐσέβαλον ἐς τὴν Ἀσίην, καταπαύσαντες τῆς ἀρχῆς Μήδους· οὗτοι γὰρ πρὶν ἢ Σκύθας ἀπικέσθαι ἦρχον τῆς Ἀσίης. τοὺς δὲ Σκύθας ἀποδημήσαντας ὀκτὼ καὶ εἴκοσι ἔτεα καὶ διὰ χρόνου τοσούτου κατιόντας ἐς τὴν σφετέρην ἐξεδέξατο οὐκ ἐλάσσων πόνος τοῦ Μηδικοῦ· εὗρον γὰρ ἀντιουμένην σφίσι στρατιήν οὐκ ὀλίγην. αἱ γὰρ τῶν Σκυθέων γυναῖκες, ὥς σφι οἱ ἄνδρες ἀπῆσαν χρόνον πολλόν, ἐφοίτεον παρὰ τοὺς δούλους.
4.5
ὣς δὲ Σκύθαι λέγουσι, νεώτατον πάντων ἐθνέων εἶναι τὸ σφέτερον, τοῦτο δὲ γενέσθαι ὧδε. ἄνδρα γενέσθαι πρῶτον ἐν τῇ γῆ ταύτῃ ἐούσῃ ἐρήμῳ τῳ οὔνομα εἶναι Ταργιτάον· τοῦ δὲ Ταργιτάου τούτου τοὺς τοκέας λέγουσι εἶναι, ἐμοὶ μὲν οὐ πιστὰ λέγοντες, λέγουσι δʼ ὦν, Δία τε καὶ Βορυσθένεος τοῦ ποταμοῦ θυγατέρα. γένεος μὲν τοιούτου δὴ τινος γενέσθαι τὸν Ταργιτάον, τούτου δὲ γενέσθαι παῖδας τρεῖς, Λιπόξαϊν καὶ Ἀρπόξαϊν καὶ νεώτατον Κολάξαιν. ἐπὶ τούτων ἀρχόντων ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ φερομένα χρύσεα ποιήματα, ἄροτρόν τε καὶ ζυγόν καὶ σάγαριν καὶ φιάλην, πεσεῖν ἐς τὴν Σκυθικήν· καὶ τῶν ἰδόντα πρῶτον τὸν πρεσβύτατον ἆσσον ἰέναι βουλόμενον αὐτὰ λαβεῖν, τὸν δὲ χρυσόν ἐπιόντος καίεσθαι. ἀπαλλαχθέντος δὲ τούτου προσιέναι τὸν δεύτερον, καὶ τὸν αὖτις ταὐτὰ ποιέειν. τοὺς μὲν δὴ καιόμενον τὸν χρυσὸν ἀπώσασθαι, τρίτῳ δὲ τῷ νεωτάτῳ ἐπελθόντι κατασβῆναι, καὶ μιν ἐκεῖνον κομίσαι ἐς ἑωυτοῦ· καὶ τοὺς πρεσβυτέρους ἀδελφεοὺς πρὸς ταῦτα συγγνόντας τὴν βασιληίην πᾶσαν παραδοῦναι τῷ νεωτάτῳ. 4.6 ἀπὸ μὲν δὴ Λιποξάιος γεγονέναι τούτους τῶν Σκυθέων οἳ Αὐχάται γένος καλέονται, ἀπὸ δὲ τοῦ μέσου Ἀρποξάιος οἳ Κατίαροί τε καὶ Τράσπιες καλέονται, ἀπὸ δὲ τοῦ νεωτάτου αὐτῶν τοῦ βασιλέος οἳ καλέονται Παραλάται· σύμπασι δὲ εἶναι οὔνομα Σκολότους, τοῦ βασιλέος ἐπωνυμίην. Σκύθας δὲ Ἕλληνες ὠνόμασαν. 4.7 γεγονέναι μέν νυν σφέας ὧδε λέγουσι οἱ Σκύθαι, ἔτεα δὲ σφίσι ἐπείτε γεγόνασι τὰ σύμπαντα λέγουσι εἶναι ἀπὸ τοῦ πρώτου βασιλέος Ταργιτάου ἐς τὴν Δαρείου διάβασιν τὴν ἐπὶ σφέας χιλίων οὐ πλέω ἀλλὰ τοσαῦτα. τὸν δὲ χρυσόν τοῦτον τὸν ἱρὸν φυλάσσουσι οἱ βασιλέες ἐς τὰ μάλιστα, καὶ θυσίῃσι μεγάλῃσι ἱλασκόμενοι μετέρχονται ἀνὰ πᾶν ἔτος. ὃς δʼ ἂν ἔχων τὸν χρυσὸν τὸν ἱρὸν ἐν τῇ ὁρτῇ ὑπαίθριος κατακοιμηθῇ, οὗτος λέγεται ὑπὸ Σκυθέων οὐ διενιαυτίζειν. δίδοσθαι δέ οἱ διὰ τοῦτο ὅσα ἂν ἵππω ἐν ἡμέρῃ μιῇ περιελάσῃ αὐτὸς. τῆς δὲ χώρης ἐούσης μεγάλης τριφασίας τὰς βασιληίας τοῖσι παισὶ τοῖσι ἑωυτοῦ καταστήσασθαι Κολάξαιν, καὶ τουτέων μίαν ποιῆσαι μεγίστην, ἐν τῇ τὸν χρυσὸν φυλάσσεσθαι. τὰ δὲ κατύπερθε πρὸς βορέην λέγουσι ἄνεμον τῶν ὑπεροίκων τῆς χώρης οὐκ οἷὰ τε εἶναι ἔτι προσωτέρω οὔτε ὁρᾶν οὔτε διεξιέναι ὑπὸ πτερῶν κεχυμένων· πτερῶν γὰρ καὶ τήν γῆν καὶ τὸν ἠέρα εἶναι πλέον, καὶ ταῦτα εἶναι τὰ ἀποκληίοντα τὴν ὄψιν. 4.8 Σκύθαι μὲν ὧδε ὕπερ σφέων τε αὐτῶν καὶ τῆς χώρης τῆς κατύπερθε λέγουσι, Ἑλλήνων δὲ οἱ τὸν Πόντον οἰκέοντες ὧδε. Ἡρακλέα ἐλαύνοντα τὰς Γηρυόνεω βοῦς ἀπικέσθαι ἐς γῆν ταύτην ἐοῦσαν ἐρήμην, ἥντινα νῦν Σκύθαι νέμονται. Γηρυόνεα δὲ οἰκέειν ἔξω τοῦ Πόντου, κατοικημένον τὴν Ἕλληνές λέγουσι Ἐρύθειαν νῆσον τὴν πρὸς Γαδείροισι τοῖσι ἔξω Ἡρακλέων στηλέων ἐπὶ τῷ Ὠκεανῷ. τὸν δὲ Ὠκεανὸν λόγῳ μὲν λέγουσι ἀπὸ ἡλίου ἀνατολέων ἀρξάμενον γῆν περὶ πᾶσαν ῥέειν, ἔργῳ δὲ οὐκ ἀποδεικνῦσι. ἐνθεῦτεν τόν Ἡρακλέα ἀπικέσθαι ἐς τὴν νῦν Σκυθίην χώρην καλεομένην, καὶ καταλαβεῖν γὰρ αὐτὸν χειμῶνα τε καὶ κρυμὸν, ἐπειρυσάμενον τὴν λεοντέην κατυπνῶσαι, τὰς δὲ οἱ ἵππους τὰς 1 ὑπὸ τοῦ ἅρματος νεμομένας ἐν τούτῳ τῳ χρόνῳ ἀφανισθῆναι θείη τύχῃ. 4.9 ὥς δʼ ἐγερθῆναι τὸν Ἡρακλέα, δίζησθαι, πάντα δὲ τῆς χώρης ἐπεξελθόντα τέλος ἀπικέσθαι ἐς τὴν Ὑλαίην καλεομένην γῆν· ἐνθαῦτα δὲ αὐτὸν εὑρεῖν ἐν ἄντρῳ μιξοπάρθενον τινά, ἔχιδναν διφυέα, τῆς τὰ μὲν ἄνω ἀπὸ τῶν γλουτῶν εἶναι γυναικός, τὰ δὲ ἔνερθε ὄφιος. ἰδόντα δὲ καὶ θωμάσαντα ἐπειρέσθαι μιν εἴ κου ἴδοι ἵππους πλανωμένας· τὴν δὲ φάναι ἑωυτήν ἔχειν καὶ οὐκ ἀποδώσειν ἐκείνῳ πρὶν ἢ οἱ μιχθῇ· τό δὲ Ἡρακλέα μιχθῆναι ἐπὶ τῷ μισθῷ τούτῳ. κείνην τε δὴ ὑπερβάλλεσθαι τὴν ἀπόδοσιν τῶν ἵππων, βουλομένην ὡς πλεῖστον χρόνον συνεῖναι τῷ Ἡρακλεῖ, καὶ τὸν κομισάμενον ἐθέλειν ἀπαλλάσσεσθαι· τέλος δὲ ἀποδιδοῦσαν αὐτὴν εἰπεῖν Ἵππους μὲν δὴ ταύτας ἀπικομένας ἐνθάδε ἔσωσα τοὶ ἐγώ, σῶστρά τε σὺ παρέσχες· ἐγὼ γὰρ ἐκ σεῦ τρεῖς παῖδας ἔχω. τούτους, ἐπεὰν γένωνται τρόφιες, ὃ τι χρὴ ποιέειν, ἐξηγέο σύ, εἴτε αὐτοῦ κατοικίζω ʽχώρης γὰρ τῆσδε ἔχω τὸ κράτος αὕτἠ εἴτε ἀποπέμπω παρὰ σέ. τὴν μὲν δὴ ταῦτα ἐπειρωτᾶν, τὸν δὲ λέγουσι πρὸς ταῦτα εἰπεῖν “ἐπεὰν ἀνδρωθέντας ἴδῃ τοὺς παῖδας, τάδε ποιεῦσα οὐκ ἂν ἁμαρτάνοις· τὸν μὲν ἂν ὁρᾷς αὐτῶν τόδε τὸ τόξον ὧδε διατεινόμενον καὶ τῳ ζωστῆρι τῷδε κατὰ τάδε ζωννύμενον, τοῦτον μὲν τῆσδε τῆς χώρης οἰκήτορα ποιεῦ· ὃς δʼ ἂν τούτων τῶν ἔργων τῶν ἐντέλλομαι λείπηται, ἔκπεμπε ἐκ τῆς χώρης. καὶ ταῦτα ποιεῦσα αὐτή τε εὐφρανέαι καὶ τὰ ἐντεταλμένα ποιήσεις.”
4.10
τὸν μὲν δὴ εἰρύσαντα τῶν τόξων τὸ ἕτερον ʽδύο γὰρ δὴ φορέειν τέως Ἡρακλέἀ καὶ τὸν ζωστῆρα προδέξαντα, παραδοῦναι τὸ τόξον τε καὶ τὸν ζωστῆρα ἔχοντα ἐπʼ ἄκρης τῆς συμβολῆς φιάλην χρυσέην, δόντα δὲ ἀπαλλάσσεσθαι. τὴν δʼ, ἐπεὶ οἱ γενομένους τοὺς παῖδας ἀνδρωθῆναι, τοῦτο μὲν σφι οὐνόματα θέσθαι, τῷ μὲν Ἀγάθυρσον αὐτῶν, τῷ δʼ ἑπομένῳ Γελωνόν, Σκύθην δὲ τῷ νεωτάτῳ, τοῦτο δὲ τῆς ἐπιστολῆς μεμνημένην αὐτὴν ποιῆσαι τά ἐντεταλμένα. καὶ δὴ δύο μὲν οἱ τῶν παίδων, τόν τε Ἀγάθυρσον καὶ τὸν Γελωνόν, οὐκ οἵους τε γενομένους ἐξικέσθαι πρὸς τὸν προκείμενον ἄεθλον, οἴχεσθαι ἐκ τῆς χώρης ἐκβληθέντας ὑπὸ τῆς γειναμένης, τὸν δὲ νεώτατον αὐτῶν Σκύθην ἐπιτελέσαντα καταμεῖναι ἐν τῇ χωρῇ. καὶ ἀπὸ μὲν Σκύθεω τοῦ Ἡρακλέος γενέσθαι τοὺς αἰεὶ βασιλέας γινομένους Σκυθέων, ἀπὸ δὲ τῆς φιάλης ἔτι καὶ ἐς τόδε φιάλας ἐκ τῶν ζωστήρων φορέειν Σκύθας· τὸ δὴ μοῦνον μηχανήσασθαι τὴν μητέρα Σκύθῃ. 1 ταῦτα δὲ Ἑλλήνων οἱ τὸν Πόντον οἰκέοντες λέγουσι.
4.11
ἔστι δὲ καὶ ἄλλος λόγος ἔχων ὧδε, τῷ μάλιστα λεγομένῳ αὐτός πρόσκειμαι, Σκύθας τοὺς νομάδας οἰκέοντας ἐν τῇ Ἀσίῃ, πολέμῳ πιεσθέντας ὑπὸ Μασσαγετέων, οἴχεσθαι διαβάντας ποταμὸν Ἀράξην ἐπὶ γῆν τὴν Κιμμερίην ʽτὴν γὰρ νῦν νέμονται Σκύθαι, αὕτη λέγεται τὸ παλαιὸν εἶναι Κιμμερίων̓, τοὺς δὲ Κιμμερίους ἐπιόντων Σκυθέων βουλεύεσθαι ὡς στρατοῦ ἐπιόντος μεγάλου, καὶ δὴ τὰς γνώμας σφέων κεχωρισμένας, ἐντόνους μὲν ἀμφοτέρας, ἀμείνω δὲ τὴν τῶν βασιλέων· τὴν μὲν γὰρ δὴ τοῦ δήμου φέρειν γνώμην ὡς ἀπαλλάσσεσθαι πρῆγμα εἴη μηδὲ πρὸ σποδοῦ μένοντας κινδυνεύειν, τὴν δὲ τῶν βασιλέων διαμάχεσθαι περὶ τῆς χώρης τοῖσι ἐπιοῦσι. οὔκων δὴ ἐθέλειν πείθεσθαι οὔτε τοῖσι βασιλεῦσι τὸν δῆμον οὔτε τῷ δήμῳ τοὺς βασιλέας· τοὺς μὲν δὴ ἀπαλλάσσεσθαι βουλεύεσθαι ἀμαχητὶ τὴν χωρῆν παραδόντας τοῖσι ἐπιοῦσι· τοῖσι δὲ βασιλεῦσι δόξαι ἐν τῇ ἑωυτῶν κεῖσθαι ἀποθανόντας μηδὲ συμφεύγειν τῷ δήμῳ, λογισαμένους ὅσα τε ἀγαθὰ πεπόνθασι καὶ ὅσα φεύγοντας ἐκ τῆς πατρίδος κακὰ ἐπίδοξα καταλαμβάνειν. ὡς δὲ δόξαι σφι ταῦτα, διαστάντας καὶ ἀριθμὸν ἴσους γενομένους μάχεσθαι πρὸς ἀλλήλους. καὶ τοὺς μὲν ἀποθανόντας πάντας ὑπʼ ἑωυτῶν θάψαι τὸν δῆμον τῶν Κιμμερίων παρὰ ποταμὸν Τύρην ʽκαί σφεων ἔτι δῆλος ἐστὶ ὁ τάφοσ̓, θάψαντας δὲ οὕτω τὴν ἔξοδον ἐκ τῆς χώρης ποιέεσθαι· Σκύθας δὲ ἐπελθόντας λαβεῖν τὴν χώρην ἐρήμην.
4.12
καὶ νῦν ἔστι μὲν ἐν τῇ Σκυθικῇ Κιμμέρια τείχεα, ἔστι δὲ πορθμήια Κιμμέρια, ἔστι δὲ καὶ χωρῇ οὔνομα Κιμμερίη, ἔστι δὲ Βόσπορος Κιμμέριος καλεόμενος· φαίνονται δὲ οἱ Κιμμέριοι φεύγοντες ἐς τὴν Ἀσίην τοὺς Σκύθας καὶ τὴν χερσόνησον κτίσαντες, ἐν τῇ νῦν Σινώπη πόλις Ἑλλὰς οἴκισται. φανεροὶ δὲ εἰσὶ καὶ οἱ Σκύθαι διώξαντες αὐτοὺς καὶ ἐσβαλόντες ἐς γῆν τὴν Μηδικὴν, ἁμαρτόντες τῆς ὁδοῦ· οἱ μὲν γὰρ Κιμμέριοι αἰεὶ τὴν παρὰ θάλασσαν ἔφευγον, οἱ δὲ Σκύθαι ἐν δεξιῇ τὸν Καύκασον ἔχοντες ἐδίωκον ἐς οὗ ἐσέβαλον ἐς γῆν τὴν Μηδικήν, ἐς μεσόγαιαν τῆς ὁδοῦ τραφθέντες. οὗτος δὲ ἄλλος ξυνὸς Ἑλλήνων τε καὶ βαρβάρων λεγόμενος λόγος εἴρηται.
4.13
ἔφη δὲ Ἀριστέης ὁ Καϋστροβίου ἀνὴρ Προκοννήσιος ποιέων ἔπεα, ἀπικέσθαι ἐς Ἰσσηδόνας φοιβόλαμπτος γενόμενος, Ἰσσηδόνων δὲ ὑπεροικέειν Ἀριμασποὺς ἄνδρας μουνοφθάλμους ὕπερ δὲ τούτων τοὺς χρυσοφύλακας γρῦπας, τούτων δὲ τοὺς Ὑπερβορέους κατήκοντας ἐπὶ θάλασσαν. τούτους ὦν πάντας πλὴν Ὑπερβορέων, ἀρξάντων Ἀριμασπῶν, αἰεὶ τοῖσι πλησιοχώροισι ἐπιτίθεσθαι, καὶ ὑπὸ μὲν Ἀριμασπῶν ἐξωθέεσθαι ἐκ τῆς χώρης Ἰσσηδόνας, ὑπὸ δὲ Ἰσσηδόνων Σκύθας, Κιμμερίους δὲ οἰκέοντας ἐπὶ τῇ νοτίῃ θαλάσσῃ ὑπὸ Σκυθέων πιεζομένους ἐκλείπειν τὴν χώρην. οὕτω οὐδὲ οὗτος συμφέρεται περὶ τῆς χώρης ταύτης Σκύθῃσι.
5.78
Ἀθηναῖοι μέν νυν ηὔξηντο. δηλοῖ δὲ οὐ κατʼ ἓν μοῦνον ἀλλὰ πανταχῇ ἡ ἰσηγορίη ὡς ἔστι χρῆμα σπουδαῖον, εἰ καὶ Ἀθηναῖοι τυραννευόμενοι μὲν οὐδαμῶν τῶν σφέας περιοικεόντων ἦσαν τὰ πολέμια ἀμείνους, ἀπαλλαχθέντες δὲ τυράννων μακρῷ πρῶτοι ἐγένοντο. δηλοῖ ὦν ταῦτα ὅτι κατεχόμενοι μὲν ἐθελοκάκεον ὡς δεσπότῃ ἐργαζόμενοι, ἐλευθερωθέντων δὲ αὐτὸς ἕκαστος ἑωυτῷ προεθυμέετο κατεργάζεσθαι.
7.102
ὡς δὲ ταῦτα ἤκουσε Δημάρητος, ἔλεγε τάδε. “βασιλεῦ, ἐπειδὴ ἀληθείῃ διαχρήσασθαι πάντως κελεύεις ταῦτα λέγοντα τὰ μὴ ψευδόμενός τις ὕστερον ὑπὸ σεῦ ἁλώσεται, τῇ Ἑλλάδι πενίη μὲν αἰεί κοτε σύντροφος ἐστί, ἀρετὴ δὲ ἔπακτος ἐστί, ἀπό τε σοφίης κατεργασμένη καὶ νόμου ἰσχυροῦ· τῇ διαχρεωμένη ἡ Ἑλλὰς τήν τε πενίην ἀπαμύνεται καὶ τὴν δεσποσύνην. αἰνέω μέν νυν πάντας Ἕλληνας τοὺς περὶ ἐκείνους τοὺς Δωρικοὺς χώρους οἰκημένους, ἔρχομαι δὲ λέξων οὐ περὶ πάντων τούσδε τοὺς λόγους ἀλλὰ περὶ Λακεδαιμονίων μούνων, πρῶτα μὲν ὅτι οὐκ ἔστι ὅκως κοτὲ σοὺς δέξονται λόγους δουλοσύνην φέροντας τῇ Ἑλλάδι, αὖτις δὲ ὡς ἀντιώσονταί τοι ἐς μάχην καὶ ἢν οἱ ἄλλοι Ἕλληνες πάντες τὰ σὰ φρονέωσι. ἀριθμοῦ δὲ πέρι, μή πύθῃ ὅσοι τινὲς ἐόντες ταῦτα ποιέειν οἷοί τε εἰσί· ἤν τε γὰρ τύχωσι ἐξεστρατευμένοι χίλιοι, οὗτοι μαχήσονταί τοι, ἤν τε ἐλάσσονες τούτων ἤν τε καὶ πλεῦνες.” 7.103 ταῦτα ἀκούσας Ξέρξης γελάσας ἔφη “Δημάρητε, οἷον ἐφθέγξαο ἔπος, ἄνδρας χιλίους στρατιῇ τοσῇδε μαχήσεσθαι. ἄγε εἰπέ μοι· σὺ φῂς τούτων τῶν ἀνδρῶν βασιλεὺς αὐτὸς γενέσθαι· σὺ ὦν ἐθελήσεις αὐτίκα μάλα πρὸς ἄνδρας δέκα μάχεσθαι; καίτοι εἰ τὸ πολιτικὸν ὑμῖν πᾶν ἐστι τοιοῦτον οἷον σὺ διαιρέεις, σέ γε τὸν κείνων βασιλέα πρέπει πρὸς τὸ διπλήσιον ἀντιτάσσεσθαι κατὰ νόμους τοὺς ὑμετέρους. εἰ γὰρ κείνων ἕκαστος δέκα ἀνδρῶν τῆς στρατιῆς τῆς ἐμῆς ἀντάξιος ἐστί, σὲ δέ γε δίζημαι εἴκοσι εἶναι ἀντάξιον, καὶ οὕτω μὲν ὀρθοῖτʼ ἂν ὁ λόγος ὁ παρὰ σέο λεγόμενος· εἰ δὲ τοιοῦτοί τε ἐόντες καὶ μεγάθεα τοσοῦτοι, ὅσοι σύ τε καὶ οἳ παρʼ ἐμὲ φοιτῶσι Ἑλλήνων ἐς λόγους αὐχέετε τοσοῦτον, ὅρα μὴ μάτην κόμπος ὁ λόγος οὗτος εἰρημένος ᾖ. ἐπεὶ φέρε ἴδω παντὶ τῷ οἰκότι· κῶς ἂν δυναίατο χίλιοι ἢ καὶ μύριοι ἢ καὶ πεντακισμύριοι, ἐόντες γε ἐλεύθεροι πάντες ὁμοίως καὶ μὴ ὑπʼ ἑνὸς ἀρχόμενοι, στρατῷ τοσῷδε ἀντιστῆναι; ἐπεί τοι πλεῦνες περὶ ἕνα ἕκαστον γινόμεθα ἢ χίλιοι, ἐόντων ἐκείνων πέντε χιλιάδων. ὑπὸ μὲν γὰρ ἑνὸς ἀρχόμενοι κατὰ τρόπον τὸν ἡμέτερον γενοίατʼ ἄν, δειμαίνοντες τοῦτον, καὶ παρὰ τὴν ἑωυτῶν φύσιν ἀμείνονες, καὶ ἴοιεν ἀναγκαζόμενοι μάστιγι ἐς πλεῦνας ἐλάσσονες ἐόντες· ἀνειμένοι δὲ ἐς τὸ ἐλεύθερον οὐκ ἂν ποιέοιεν τούτων οὐδέτερα. δοκέω δὲ ἔγωγε καὶ ἀνισωθέντας πλήθεϊ χαλεπῶς ἂν Ἕλληνας Πέρσῃσι μούνοισι μάχεσθαι. ἀλλὰ παρʼ ἡμῖν μὲν μούνοισι τοῦτο ἐστὶ τὸ σὺ λέγεις, ἔστι γε μὲν οὐ πολλὸν ἀλλὰ σπάνιον· εἰσὶ γὰρ Περσέων τῶν ἐμῶν αἰχμοφόρων οἳ ἐθελήσουσι Ἑλλήνων ἀνδράσι τρισὶ ὁμοῦ μάχεσθαι· τῶν σὺ ἐὼν ἄπειρος πολλὰ φλυηρέεις.” 7.104 πρὸς ταῦτα Δημάρητος λέγει “ὦ βασιλεῦ, ἀρχῆθεν ἠπιστάμην ὅτι ἀληθείῃ χρεώμενος οὐ φίλα τοι ἐρέω· σὺ δʼ ἐπεὶ ἠνάγκασας λέγειν τῶν λόγων τοὺς ἀληθεστάτους, ἔλεγον τὰ κατήκοντα Σπαρτιήτῃσι. καίτοι ὡς ἐγὼ τυγχάνω τὰ νῦν τάδε ἐστοργὼς ἐκείνους, αὐτὸς μάλιστα ἐξεπίστεαι, οἵ με τιμήν τε καὶ γέρεα ἀπελόμενοι πατρώια ἄπολίν τε καὶ φυγάδα πεποιήκασι, πατὴρ δὲ σὸς ὑποδεξάμενος βίον τέ μοι καὶ οἶκον ἔδωκε. οὔκων οἰκός ἐστι ἄνδρα τὸν σώφρονα εὐνοίην φαινομένην διωθέεσθαι, ἀλλὰ στέργειν μάλιστα. ἐγὼ δὲ οὔτε δέκα ἀνδράσι ὑπίσχομαι οἷός τε εἶναι μάχεσθαι οὔτε δυοῖσι, ἑκών τε εἶναι οὐδʼ ἂν μουνομαχέοιμι. εἰ δὲ ἀναγκαίη εἴη ἢ μέγας τις ὁ ἐποτρύνων ἀγών, μαχοίμην ἂν πάντων ἥδιστα ἑνὶ τούτων τῶν ἀνδρῶν οἳ Ἑλλήνων ἕκαστος φησὶ τριῶν ἄξιος εἶναι. ὣς δὲ καὶ Λακεδαιμόνιοι κατὰ μὲν ἕνα μαχόμενοι οὐδαμῶν εἰσι κακίονες ἀνδρῶν, ἁλέες δὲ ἄριστοι ἀνδρῶν ἁπάντων. ἐλεύθεροι γὰρ ἐόντες οὐ πάντα ἐλεύθεροι εἰσί· ἔπεστι γάρ σφι δεσπότης νόμος, τὸν ὑποδειμαίνουσι πολλῷ ἔτι μᾶλλον ἢ οἱ σοὶ σέ. ποιεῦσι γῶν τὰ ἂν ἐκεῖνος ἀνώγῃ· ἀνώγει δὲ τὠυτὸ αἰεί, οὐκ ἐῶν φεύγειν οὐδὲν πλῆθος ἀνθρώπων ἐκ μάχης, ἀλλὰ μένοντας ἐν τῇ τάξι ἐπικρατέειν ἢ ἀπόλλυσθαι. σοὶ δὲ εἰ φαίνομαι ταῦτα λέγων φλυηρέειν, τἆλλα σιγᾶν θέλω τὸ λοιπόν· νῦν τε ἀναγκασθεὶς ἔλεξα. γένοιτο μέντοι κατὰ νόον τοι, βασιλεῦ”'' None
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4.1 After taking Babylon, Darius himself marched against the Scythians. For since Asia was bursting with men and vast revenues were coming in, Darius desired to punish the Scythians for the wrong they had begun when they invaded Media first and defeated those who opposed them in battle. ,For the Scythians, as I have said before, ruled upper Asia for twenty-eight years; they invaded Asia in their pursuit of the Cimmerians, and ended the power of the Medes, who were the rulers of Asia before the Scythians came. ,But when the Scythians had been away from their homes for twenty-eight years and returned to their country after so long an absence, as much trouble as their Median war awaited them. They found themselves opposed by a great force; for the Scythian women, when their husbands were away for so long, turned to their slaves.
4.1
After taking Babylon, Darius himself marched against the Scythians. For since Asia was bursting with men and vast revenues were coming in, Darius desired to punish the Scythians for the wrong they had begun when they invaded Media first and defeated those who opposed them in battle. ,For the Scythians, as I have said before, ruled upper Asia for twenty-eight years; they invaded Asia in their pursuit of the Cimmerians, and ended the power of the Medes, who were the rulers of Asia before the Scythians came. ,But when the Scythians had been away from their homes for twenty-eight years and returned to their country after so long an absence, as much trouble as their Median war awaited them. They found themselves opposed by a great force; for the Scythian women, when their husbands were away for so long, turned to their slaves. ' "
4.5
The Scythians say that their nation is the youngest in the world, and that it came into being in this way. A man whose name was Targitaüs appeared in this country, which was then desolate. They say that his parents were Zeus and a daughter of the Borysthenes river (I do not believe the story, but it is told). ,Such was Targitaüs' lineage; and he had three sons: Lipoxaïs, Arpoxaïs, and Colaxaïs, youngest of the three. ,In the time of their rule (the story goes) certain implements—namely, a plough, a yoke, a sword, and a flask, all of gold—fell down from the sky into Scythia . The eldest of them, seeing these, approached them meaning to take them; but the gold began to burn as he neared, and he stopped. ,Then the second approached, and the gold did as before. When these two had been driven back by the burning gold, the youngest brother approached and the burning stopped, and he took the gold to his own house. In view of this, the elder brothers agreed to give all the royal power to the youngest. " "
4.5
The Scythians say that their nation is the youngest in the world, and that it came into being in this way. A man whose name was Targitaüs appeared in this country, which was then desolate. They say that his parents were Zeus and a daughter of the Borysthenes river (I do not believe the story, but it is told). ,Such was Targitaüs' lineage; and he had three sons: Lipoxaïs, Arpoxaïs, and Colaxaïs, youngest of the three. ,In the time of their rule (the story goes) certain implements—namely, a plough, a yoke, a sword, and a flask, all of gold—fell down from the sky into Scythia . The eldest of them, seeing these, approached them meaning to take them; but the gold began to burn as he neared, and he stopped. ,Then the second approached, and the gold did as before. When these two had been driven back by the burning gold, the youngest brother approached and the burning stopped, and he took the gold to his own house. In view of this, the elder brothers agreed to give all the royal power to the youngest. " "4.6 Lipoxaïs, it is said, was the father of the Scythian clan called Auchatae; Arpoxaïs, the second brother, of those called Katiari and Traspians; the youngest, who was king, of those called Paralatae. ,All these together bear the name of Skoloti, after their king; “Scythians” is the name given them by Greeks. This, then, is the Scythians' account of their origin, " "4.6 Lipoxaïs, it is said, was the father of the Scythian clan called Auchatae; Arpoxaïs, the second brother, of those called Katiari and Traspians; the youngest, who was king, of those called Paralatae. ,All these together bear the name of Skoloti, after their king; “Scythians” is the name given them by Greeks. This, then, is the Scythians' account of their origin, " '4.7 and they say that neither more nor less than a thousand years in all passed from the time of their first king Targitaüs to the entry of Darius into their country. The kings guard this sacred gold very closely, and every year offer solemn sacrifices of propitiation to it. ,Whoever falls asleep at this festival in the open air, having the sacred gold with him, is said by the Scythians not to live out the year; for which reason (they say) as much land as he can ride round in one day is given to him. Because of the great size of the country, the lordships that Colaxaïs established for his sons were three, one of which, where they keep the gold, was the greatest. ,Above and north of the neighbors of their country no one (they say) can see or travel further, because of showers of feathers; for earth and sky are full of feathers, and these hinder sight. 4.7 and they say that neither more nor less than a thousand years in all passed from the time of their first king Targitaüs to the entry of Darius into their country. The kings guard this sacred gold very closely, and every year offer solemn sacrifices of propitiation to it. ,Whoever falls asleep at this festival in the open air, having the sacred gold with him, is said by the Scythians not to live out the year; for which reason (they say) as much land as he can ride round in one day is given to him. Because of the great size of the country, the lordships that Colaxaïs established for his sons were three, one of which, where they keep the gold, was the greatest. ,Above and north of the neighbors of their country no one (they say) can see or travel further, because of showers of feathers; for earth and sky are full of feathers, and these hinder sight. ' "4.8 This is what the Scythians say about themselves and the country north of them. But the story told by the Greeks who live in Pontus is as follows. Heracles, driving the cattle of Geryones, came to this land, which was then desolate, but is now inhabited by the Scythians. ,Geryones lived west of the Pontus, settled in the island called by the Greeks Erythea, on the shore of Ocean near Gadira, outside the pillars of Heracles. As for Ocean, the Greeks say that it flows around the whole world from where the sun rises, but they cannot prove that this is so. ,Heracles came from there to the country now called Scythia, where, encountering wintry and frosty weather, he drew his lion's skin over him and fell asleep, and while he slept his mares, which were grazing yoked to the chariot, were spirited away by divine fortune. " "4.8 This is what the Scythians say about themselves and the country north of them. But the story told by the Greeks who live in Pontus is as follows. Heracles, driving the cattle of Geryones, came to this land, which was then desolate, but is now inhabited by the Scythians. ,Geryones lived west of the Pontus, settled in the island called by the Greeks Erythea, on the shore of Ocean near Gadira, outside the pillars of Heracles. As for Ocean, the Greeks say that it flows around the whole world from where the sun rises, but they cannot prove that this is so. ,Heracles came from there to the country now called Scythia, where, encountering wintry and frosty weather, he drew his lion's skin over him and fell asleep, and while he slept his mares, which were grazing yoked to the chariot, were spirited away by divine fortune. " '4.9 When Heracles awoke, he searched for them, visiting every part of the country, until at last he came to the land called the Woodland, and there he found in a cave a creature of double form that was half maiden and half serpent; above the buttocks she was a woman, below them a snake. ,When he saw her he was astonished, and asked her if she had seen his mares straying; she said that she had them, and would not return them to him before he had intercourse with her; Heracles did, in hope of this reward. ,But though he was anxious to take the horses and go, she delayed returning them, so that she might have Heracles with her for as long as possible; at last she gave them back, telling him, “These mares came, and I kept them safe here for you, and you have paid me for keeping them, for I have three sons by you. ,Now tell me what I am to do when they are grown up: shall I keep them here (since I am queen of this country), or shall I send them away to you?” Thus she inquired, and then (it is said) Heracles answered: ,“When you see the boys are grown up, do as follows and you will do rightly: whichever of them you see bending this bow and wearing this belt so, make him an inhabitant of this land; but whoever falls short of these accomplishments that I require, send him away out of the country. Do so and you shall yourself have comfort, and my will shall be done.” 4.9 When Heracles awoke, he searched for them, visiting every part of the country, until at last he came to the land called the Woodland, and there he found in a cave a creature of double form that was half maiden and half serpent; above the buttocks she was a woman, below them a snake. ,When he saw her he was astonished, and asked her if she had seen his mares straying; she said that she had them, and would not return them to him before he had intercourse with her; Heracles did, in hope of this reward. ,But though he was anxious to take the horses and go, she delayed returning them, so that she might have Heracles with her for as long as possible; at last she gave them back, telling him, “These mares came, and I kept them safe here for you, and you have paid me for keeping them, for I have three sons by you. ,Now tell me what I am to do when they are grown up: shall I keep them here (since I am queen of this country), or shall I send them away to you?” Thus she inquired, and then (it is said) Heracles answered: ,“When you see the boys are grown up, do as follows and you will do rightly: whichever of them you see bending this bow and wearing this belt so, make him an inhabitant of this land; but whoever falls short of these accomplishments that I require, send him away out of the country. Do so and you shall yourself have comfort, and my will shall be done.”
4.10
So he drew one of his bows (for until then Heracles always carried two), and showed her the belt, and gave her the bow and the belt, that had a golden vessel on the end of its clasp; and, having given them, he departed. But when the sons born to her were grown men, she gave them names, calling one of them Agathyrsus and the next Gelonus and the youngest Scythes; furthermore, remembering the instructions, she did as she was told. ,Two of her sons, Agathyrsus and Gelonus, were cast out by their mother and left the country, unable to fulfill the requirements set; but Scythes, the youngest, fulfilled them and so stayed in the land. ,From Scythes son of Heracles comes the whole line of the kings of Scythia ; and it is because of the vessel that the Scythians carry vessels on their belts to this day. This alone his mother did for Scythes. This is what the Greek dwellers in Pontus say.
4.10
So he drew one of his bows (for until then Heracles always carried two), and showed her the belt, and gave her the bow and the belt, that had a golden vessel on the end of its clasp; and, having given them, he departed. But when the sons born to her were grown men, she gave them names, calling one of them Agathyrsus and the next Gelonus and the youngest Scythes; furthermore, remembering the instructions, she did as she was told. ,Two of her sons, Agathyrsus and Gelonus, were cast out by their mother and left the country, unable to fulfill the requirements set; but Scythes, the youngest, fulfilled them and so stayed in the land. ,From Scythes son of Heracles comes the whole line of the kings of Scythia ; and it is because of the vessel that the Scythians carry vessels on their belts to this day. This alone his mother did for Scythes. This is what the Greek dwellers in Pontus say. ' "
4.11
There is yet another story, to which account I myself especially incline. It is to this effect. The nomadic Scythians inhabiting Asia, when hard pressed in war by the Massagetae, fled across the Araxes river to the Cimmerian country (for the country which the Scythians now inhabit is said to have belonged to the Cimmerians before), ,and the Cimmerians, at the advance of the Scythians, deliberated as men threatened by a great force should. Opinions were divided; both were strongly held, but that of the princes was the more honorable; for the people believed that their part was to withdraw and that there was no need to risk their lives for the dust of the earth; but the princes were for fighting to defend their country against the attackers. ,Neither side could persuade the other, neither the people the princes nor the princes the people; the one party planned to depart without fighting and leave the country to their enemies, but the princes were determined to lie dead in their own country and not to flee with the people, for they considered how happy their situation had been and what ills were likely to come upon them if they fled from their native land. ,Having made up their minds, the princes separated into two equal bands and fought with each other until they were all killed by each other's hands; then the Cimmerian people buried them by the Tyras river, where their tombs are still to be seen, and having buried them left the land; and the Scythians came and took possession of the country left empty." 4.11 There is yet another story, to which account I myself especially incline. It is to this effect. The nomadic Scythians inhabiting Asia, when hard pressed in war by the Massagetae, fled across the Araxes river to the Cimmerian country (for the country which the Scythians now inhabit is said to have belonged to the Cimmerians before),,and the Cimmerians, at the advance of the Scythians, deliberated as men threatened by a great force should. Opinions were divided; both were strongly held, but that of the princes was the more honorable; for the people believed that their part was to withdraw and that there was no need to risk their lives for the dust of the earth; but the princes were for fighting to defend their country against the attackers. ,Neither side could persuade the other, neither the people the princes nor the princes the people; the one party planned to depart without fighting and leave the country to their enemies, but the princes were determined to lie dead in their own country and not to flee with the people, for they considered how happy their situation had been and what ills were likely to come upon them if they fled from their native land. ,Having made up their minds, the princes separated into two equal bands and fought with each other until they were all killed by each other's hands; then the Cimmerian people buried them by the Tyras river, where their tombs are still to be seen, and having buried them left the land; and the Scythians came and took possession of the country left empty." "
4.12
And to this day there are Cimmerian walls in Scythia, and a Cimmerian ferry, and there is a country Cimmeria and a strait named Cimmerian. ,Furthermore, it is evident that the Cimmerians in their flight from the Scythians into Asia also made a colony on the peninsula where the Greek city of Sinope has since been founded; and it is clear that the Scythians pursued them and invaded Media, missing their way; ,for the Cimmerians always fled along the coast, and the Scythians pursued with the Caucasus on their right until they came into the Median land, turning inland on their way. That is the other story current among Greeks and foreigners alike.
4.12
And to this day there are Cimmerian walls in Scythia, and a Cimmerian ferry, and there is a country Cimmeria and a strait named Cimmerian. ,Furthermore, it is evident that the Cimmerians in their flight from the Scythians into Asia also made a colony on the peninsula where the Greek city of Sinope has since been founded; and it is clear that the Scythians pursued them and invaded Media, missing their way; ,for the Cimmerians always fled along the coast, and the Scythians pursued with the Caucasus on their right until they came into the Median land, turning inland on their way. That is the other story current among Greeks and foreigners alike. ' "
4.13
There is also a story related in a poem by Aristeas son of Caüstrobius, a man of Proconnesus . This Aristeas, possessed by Phoebus, visited the Issedones; beyond these (he said) live the one-eyed Arimaspians, beyond whom are the griffins that guard gold, and beyond these again the Hyperboreans, whose territory reaches to the sea. ,Except for the Hyperboreans, all these nations (and first the Arimaspians) are always at war with their neighbors; the Issedones were pushed from their lands by the Arimaspians, and the Scythians by the Issedones, and the Cimmerians, living by the southern sea, were hard pressed by the Scythians and left their country. Thus Aristeas' story does not agree with the Scythian account about this country. " "
4.13
There is also a story related in a poem by Aristeas son of Caüstrobius, a man of Proconnesus . This Aristeas, possessed by Phoebus, visited the Issedones; beyond these (he said) live the one-eyed Arimaspians, beyond whom are the griffins that guard gold, and beyond these again the Hyperboreans, whose territory reaches to the sea. ,Except for the Hyperboreans, all these nations (and first the Arimaspians) are always at war with their neighbors; the Issedones were pushed from their lands by the Arimaspians, and the Scythians by the Issedones, and the Cimmerians, living by the southern sea, were hard pressed by the Scythians and left their country. Thus Aristeas' story does not agree with the Scythian account about this country. " 5.78 So the Athenians grew in power and proved, not in one respect only but in all, that equality is a good thing. Evidence for this is the fact that while they were under tyrannical rulers, the Athenians were no better in war than any of their neighbors, yet once they got rid of their tyrants, they were by far the best of all. This, then, shows that while they were oppressed, they were, as men working for a master, cowardly, but when they were freed, each one was eager to achieve for himself.
7.102
Demaratus heard this and said, “O King, since you bid me by all means to speak the whole truth, and to say what you will not later prove to be false, in Hellas poverty is always endemic, but courage is acquired as the fruit of wisdom and strong law; by use of this courage Hellas defends herself from poverty and tyranny. ,Now I praise all the Greeks who dwell in those Dorian lands, yet I am not going to speak these words about all of them, but only about the Lacedaemonians. First, they will never accept conditions from you that bring slavery upon Hellas; and second, they will meet you in battle even if all the other Greeks are on your side. ,Do not ask me how many these men are who can do this; they will fight with you whether they have an army of a thousand men, or more than that, or less.”
7.102
Demaratus heard this and said, “O King, since you bid me by all means to speak the whole truth, and to say what you will not later prove to be false, in Hellas poverty is always endemic, but courage is acquired as the fruit of wisdom and strong law; by use of this courage Hellas defends herself from poverty and tyranny. ,Now I praise all the Greeks who dwell in those Dorian lands, yet I am not going to speak these words about all of them, but only about the Lacedaemonians. First, they will never accept conditions from you that bring slavery upon Hellas; and second, they will meet you in battle even if all the other Greeks are on your side. ,Do not ask me how many these men are who can do this; they will fight with you whether they have an army of a thousand men, or more than that, or less.” 7.103 When he heard this, Xerxes smiled and said, “What a strange thing to say, Demaratus, that a thousand men would fight with so great an army! Come now, tell me this: you say that you were king of these men. Are you willing right now to fight with ten men? Yet if your state is entirely as you define it, you as their king should by right encounter twice as many according to your laws. ,If each of them is a match for ten men of my army, then it is plain to me that you must be a match for twenty; in this way you would prove that what you say is true. But if you Greeks who so exalt yourselves are just like you and the others who come to speak with me, and are also the same size, then beware lest the words you have spoken be only idle boasting. ,Let us look at it with all reasonableness: how could a thousand, or ten thousand, or even fifty thousand men, if they are all equally free and not under the rule of one man, withstand so great an army as mine? If you Greeks are five thousand, we still would be more than a thousand to one. ,If they were under the rule of one man according to our custom, they might out of fear of him become better than they naturally are, and under compulsion of the lash they might go against greater numbers of inferior men; but if they are allowed to go free they would do neither. I myself think that even if they were equal in numbers it would be hard for the Greeks to fight just against the Persians. ,What you are talking about is found among us alone, and even then it is not common but rare; there are some among my Persian spearmen who will gladly fight with three Greeks at once. You have no knowledge of this and are spouting a lot of nonsense.” 7.103 When he heard this, Xerxes smiled and said, “What a strange thing to say, Demaratus, that a thousand men would fight with so great an army! Come now, tell me this: you say that you were king of these men. Are you willing right now to fight with ten men? Yet if your state is entirely as you define it, you as their king should by right encounter twice as many according to your laws. ,If each of them is a match for ten men of my army, then it is plain to me that you must be a match for twenty; in this way you would prove that what you say is true. But if you Greeks who so exalt yourselves are just like you and the others who come to speak with me, and are also the same size, then beware lest the words you have spoken be only idle boasting. ,Let us look at it with all reasonableness: how could a thousand, or ten thousand, or even fifty thousand men, if they are all equally free and not under the rule of one man, withstand so great an army as mine? If you Greeks are five thousand, we still would be more than a thousand to one. ,If they were under the rule of one man according to our custom, they might out of fear of him become better than they naturally are, and under compulsion of the lash they might go against greater numbers of inferior men; but if they are allowed to go free they would do neither. I myself think that even if they were equal in numbers it would be hard for the Greeks to fight just against the Persians. ,What you are talking about is found among us alone, and even then it is not common but rare; there are some among my Persian spearmen who will gladly fight with three Greeks at once. You have no knowledge of this and are spouting a lot of nonsense.” 7.104 To this Demaratus answered, “O king I knew from the first that the truth would be unwelcome to you. But since you compelled me to speak as truly as I could, I have told you how it stands with the Spartans. ,You yourself best know what love I bear them: they have robbed me of my office and the privileges of my house, and made me a cityless exile; your father received me and gave me a house and the means to live on. It is not reasonable for a sensible man to reject goodwill when it appears; rather he will hold it in great affection. ,I myself do not promise that I can fight with ten men or with two, and I would not even willingly fight with one; yet if it were necessary, or if some great contest spurred me, I would most gladly fight with one of those men who claim to be each a match for three Greeks. ,So is it with the Lacedaemonians; fighting singly they are as brave as any man living, and together they are the best warriors on earth. They are free, yet not wholly free: law is their master, whom they fear much more than your men fear you. ,They do whatever it bids; and its bidding is always the same, that they must never flee from the battle before any multitude of men, but must abide at their post and there conquer or die. If I seem to you to speak foolishness when I say this, then let me hereafter hold my peace; it is under constraint that I have now spoken. But may your wish be fulfilled, King.” 7.104 To this Demaratus answered, “O king I knew from the first that the truth would be unwelcome to you. But since you compelled me to speak as truly as I could, I have told you how it stands with the Spartans. ,You yourself best know what love I bear them: they have robbed me of my office and the privileges of my house, and made me a cityless exile; your father received me and gave me a house and the means to live on. It is not reasonable for a sensible man to reject goodwill when it appears; rather he will hold it in great affection. ,I myself do not promise that I can fight with ten men or with two, and I would not even willingly fight with one; yet if it were necessary, or if some great contest spurred me, I would most gladly fight with one of those men who claim to be each a match for three Greeks. ,So is it with the Lacedaemonians; fighting singly they are as brave as any man living, and together they are the best warriors on earth. They are free, yet not wholly free: law is their master, whom they fear much more than your men fear you. ,They do whatever it bids; and its bidding is always the same, that they must never flee from the battle before any multitude of men, but must abide at their post and there conquer or die. If I seem to you to speak foolishness when I say this, then let me hereafter hold my peace; it is under constraint that I have now spoken. But may your wish be fulfilled, King.” '' None
33. Demosthenes, Orations, 21.71-21.74 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • exile • ostracism

 Found in books: Humphreys (2018), Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis, 1017; Riess (2012), Performing interpersonal violence: court, curse, and comedy in fourth-century BCE Athens, 116

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21.71 You cannot retort that such acts have never had any serious consequences, but that I am now exaggerating the incident and representing it as formidable. That is wide of the mark. But all, or at least many, know what Euthynus, the once famous wrestler, a youngster, did to Sophilus the prize-fighter. He was a dark, brawny fellow. I am sure some of you know the man I mean. He met him in Samos at a gathering—just a private pleasure-party-and because he imagined he was insulting him, took such summary vengeance that he actually killed him. The language is strangely colloquial, not to say slip-shod. Many editors think that we have here a passage which Demosthenes has not finally worked up. Yet the sudden drop in style might be effective, if only the meaning were more clear. Did the wrestler kill the prize-fighter or vice versa? The reader must take his choice. If ὁ τύπτων is retained, it will mean because the striker E. or S.? intended to insult him S. or E.?. The καί only makes confusion worse confounded. It is a matter of common knowledge that Euaeon, the brother of Leodamas, killed Boeotus at a public banquet and entertainment in revenge for a single blow. 21.72 For it was not the blow but the indignity that roused the anger. To be struck is not the serious thing for a free man, serious though it is, but to be struck in wanton insolence. Many things, Athenians, some of which the victim would find it difficult to put into words, may be done by the striker—by gesture, by look, by tone; when he strikes in wantonness or out of enmity; with the fist or on the cheek. These are the things that provoke men and make them beside themselves, if they are unused to insult. No description, men of Athens, can bring the outrage as vividly before the hearers as it appears in truth and reality to the victim and to the spectators. 21.73 In the name of all the gods, Athenians, I ask you to reflect and calculate in your own minds how much more reason I had to be angry when I suffered so at the hands of Meidias, than Euaeon when he killed Boeotus. Euaeon was struck by an acquaintance, who was drunk at the time, in the presence of six or seven witnesses, who were also acquaintances and might be depended upon to denounce the one for his offence and commend the other if he had patiently restrained his feelings after such an affront, especially as Euaeon had gone to sup at a house which he need never have entered at all. 21.74 But I was assaulted by a personal enemy early in the day, when he was sober, prompted by insolence, not by wine, in the presence of many foreigners as well as citizens, and above all in a temple which I was strictly obliged to enter by virtue of my office. And, Athenians, I consider that I was prudent, or rather happily inspired, when I submitted at the time and was not impelled to any irremediable action; though I fully sympathize with Euaeon and anyone else who, when provoked, takes the law into his own hands.'' None
34. None, None, nan (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • ostracism

 Found in books: Gygax (2016), Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism, 156; Humphreys (2018), Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis, 865, 866, 966; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007), Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece, 114, 115

35. Anon., 1 Enoch, 91.11-91.13, 92.2, 93.2, 93.4, 93.6-93.10, 94.1, 98.6, 99.4, 103.8 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian Exile • Deportations Babylonian Exile • Exile Babylonian • exile • exile, Babylonian

 Found in books: Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 135, 136, 214; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 55, 56, 109, 112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 122, 268, 364, 377; van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 85, 90

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91.11 And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers And gather together to me all the sons of thy mother; For the word calls me, And the spirit is poured out upon me, That I may show you everything That shall befall you for ever.\',And there upon Methuselah went and summoned to him all his brothers and assembled his relatives.",And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said:",Hear,ye sons of Enoch, all the words of your father, And hearken aright to the voice of my mouth; For I exhort you and say unto you, beloved:,Love uprightness and walk therein. And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart, And associate not with those of a double heart,But walk in righteousness, my sons. And it shall guide you on good paths, And righteousness shall be your companion.,For I know that violence must increase on the earth, And a great chastisement be executed on the earth, And all unrighteousness come to an end:Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots, And its whole structure be destroyed.,And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the earth, And all the deeds of unrighteousness and of violence And transgression shall prevail in a twofold degree.,And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy And violence in all kinds of deeds increase, And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these, And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and chastisement To execute judgement on earth.,In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots, And the roots of unrighteousness together with deceit, And they shall be destroyed from under heaven.,And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned, And the temples burned with fire, And they shall remove them from the whole earth,And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of fire, And shall perish in wrath and in grievous judgement for ever.,And the righteous shall arise from their sleep, And wisdom shall arise and be given unto them.,after that the roots of unrighteousness shall be cut off, and the sinners shall be destroyed by the sword . . . shall be cut off from the blasphemers in every place, and those who plan violence and those who commit blasphemy shall perish by the sword.,And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass.,And now, hearken unto me, my sons, And walk in the paths of righteousness, And walk not in the paths of violence; For all who walk in the paths of unrighteousness shall perish for ever.\',And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that of righteousness, And a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgement may be executed on the oppressors, And sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous.,And at its close they shall acquire houses through their righteousness, And a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for evermore,,And all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.",And after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgement shall be revealed to the whole world, b And all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the earth, c And the world shall be written down for destruction.,And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part, There shall be the great eternal judgement, In which He will execute vengeance amongst the angels.,And the first heaven shall depart and pass away, And a new heaven shall appear, And all the powers of the heavens shall give sevenfold light.,And after that there will be many weeks without number for ever, And all shall be in goodness and righteousness, And sin shall no more be mentioned for ever.
91.11
And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers And gather together to me all the sons of thy mother; For the word calls me, And the spirit is poured out upon me, That I may show you everything That shall befall you for ever.\',And there upon Methuselah went and summoned to him all his brothers and assembled his relatives.",And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said:",Love uprightness and walk therein. And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart, And associate not with those of a double heart,But walk in righteousness, my sons. And it shall guide you on good paths, And righteousness shall be your companion.,For I know that violence must increase on the earth, And a great chastisement be executed on the earth, And all unrighteousness come to an end:Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots, And its whole structure be destroyed.,And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the earth, And all the deeds of unrighteousness and of violence And transgression shall prevail in a twofold degree.,And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy And violence in all kinds of deeds increase, And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these, And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and chastisement To execute judgement on earth.,In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots, And the roots of unrighteousness together with deceit, And they shall be destroyed from under heaven.,And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned, And the temples burned with fire, And they shall remove them from the whole earth,And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of fire, And shall perish in wrath and in grievous judgement for ever.,And the righteous shall arise from their sleep, And wisdom shall arise and be given unto them.,after that the roots of unrighteousness shall be cut off, and the sinners shall be destroyed by the sword . . . shall be cut off from the blasphemers in every place, and those who plan violence and those who commit blasphemy shall perish by the sword.,And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass.,And now, hearken unto me, my sons, And walk in the paths of righteousness, And walk not in the paths of violence; For all who walk in the paths of unrighteousness shall perish for ever.\',And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that of righteousness, And a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgement may be executed on the oppressors, And sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous.,And at its close they shall acquire houses through their righteousness, And a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for evermore,,And all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.",And after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgement shall be revealed to the whole world, b And all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the earth, c And the world shall be written down for destruction.,And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part, There shall be the great eternal judgement, In which He will execute vengeance amongst the angels.,And the first heaven shall depart and pass away, And a new heaven shall appear, And all the powers of the heavens shall give sevenfold light.,And after that there will be many weeks without number for ever, And all shall be in goodness and righteousness, And sin shall no more be mentioned for ever.
91.11
Hear,ye sons of Enoch, all the words of your father, And hearken aright to the voice of my mouth; For I exhort you and say unto you, beloved: 91.12 And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that of righteousness, And a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgement may be executed on the oppressors, And sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous. 91.13 And at its close they shall acquire houses through their righteousness, And a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for evermore,
92.2
Let not your spirit be troubled on account of the times; For the Holy and Great One has appointed days for all things."
93.2
And after that Enoch both gave and began to recount from the books. And Enoch said:",Concerning the children of righteousness and concerning the elect of the world, And concerning the plant of uprightness, I will speak these things, Yea, I Enoch will declare (them) unto you, my sons:According to that which appeared to me in the heavenly vision, And which I have known through the word of the holy angels, And have learnt from the heavenly tablets.\',And Enoch began to recount from the books and said: \' I was born the seventh in the first week, While judgement and righteousness still endured.,And after me there shall arise in the second week great wickedness, And deceit shall have sprung up; And in it there shall be the first end.And in it a man shall be saved; And after it is ended unrighteousness shall grow up, And a law shall be made for the sinners.And after that in the third week at its close A man shall be elected as the plant of righteous judgement, And his posterity shall become the plant of righteousness for evermore.,And after that in the fourth week, at its close, Visions of the holy and righteous shall be seen, And a law for all generations and an enclosure shall be made for them.,And after that in the fifth week, at its close, The house of glory and dominion shall be built for ever.,And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be blinded, And the hearts of all of them shall godlessly forsake wisdom.And in it a man shall ascend; And at its close the house of dominion shall be burnt with fire, And the whole race of the chosen root shall be dispersed.,And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation arise, And many shall be its deeds, And all its deeds shall be apostate.,And at its close shall be elected The elect righteous of the eternal plant of righteousness, To receive sevenfold instruction concerning all His creation.,For who is there of all the children of men that is able to hear the voice of the Holy One without being troubled And who can think His thoughts and who is there that can behold all the works",of heaven And how should there be one who could behold the heaven, and who is there that could understand the things of heaven and see a soul or a spirit and could tell thereof, or ascend and see,all their ends and think them or do like them And who is there of all men that could know what is the breadth and the length of the earth, and to whom has been shown the measure of all of them,Or is there any one who could discern the length of the heaven and how great is its height, and upon what it is founded, and how great is the number of the stars, and where all the luminaries rest
93.4
And after me there shall arise in the second week great wickedness, And deceit shall have sprung up; And in it there shall be the first end.And in it a man shall be saved; And after it is ended unrighteousness shall grow up, And a law shall be made for the sinners.And after that in the third week at its close A man shall be elected as the plant of righteous judgement, And his posterity shall become the plant of righteousness for evermore.
93.6
And after that in the fourth week, at its close, Visions of the holy and righteous shall be seen, And a law for all generations and an enclosure shall be made for them. 93.7 And after that in the fifth week, at its close, The house of glory and dominion shall be built for ever. 93.8 And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be blinded, And the hearts of all of them shall godlessly forsake wisdom.And in it a man shall ascend; And at its close the house of dominion shall be burnt with fire, And the whole race of the chosen root shall be dispersed. 93.9 And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation arise, And many shall be its deeds, And all its deeds shall be apostate.
94.1
And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk therein; For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation, But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be destroyed and vanish.
94.1
Thus I speak and declare unto you: He who hath created you will overthrow you, And for your fall there shall be no compassion, And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction.
98.6
I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, by the Holy Great One, That all your evil deeds are revealed in the heavens, And that none of your deeds of oppression are covered and hidden.
98.6
neighbour. Therefore they shall have no peace but die a sudden death."
99.4
In those days the nations shall be stirred up, And the families of the nations shall arise on the day of destruction.
103.8
And into darkness and chains and a burning flame where there is grievous judgement shall your spirits enter; And the great judgement shall be for all the generations of the world. Woe to you, for ye shall have no peace.'' None
36. Anon., Jubilees, 1.19-1.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Exile, Babylonian

 Found in books: Albrecht (2014), The Divine Father: Religious and Philosophical Concepts of Divine Parenthood in Antiquity, 86, 87, 89; Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 225

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1.19 And they will forget all My law and all My commandments and all My judgments, and will go astray as to new moons, and sabbaths, and festivals, and jubilees, and ordices. 1.20 And after this they will turn to Me from amongst the Gentiles with all their heart and with all their soul and with all their strength, 1.21 and I shall gather them from amongst all the Gentiles, and they will seek Me, so that I shall be found of them, 1.22 when they seek Me with all their heart and with all their soul.rAnd I shall disclose to them abounding peace with righteousness, and I shall remove them the plant of uprightness, with all My heart and with all My soul, 1.23 and they will be for a blessing and not for a curse, and they will be the head and not the tail. 1.24 And I shall build My sanctuary in their midst, and I shall dwell with them, and I shall be their God and they will be My people in truth and righteousness. 1.25 And I shall not forsake them nor fail them; for I am the Lord their God."'' None
37. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 9.24-9.27, 12.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile • Exile • Exile Babylonian • Exile, Babylonian • Time, Exilic • exile • exile XIII–XIV,

 Found in books: Allen and Dunne (2022), Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity, 141; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 32, 461; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly, (2022), The Lord’s Prayer, 22; Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 293; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 379; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 364

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9.24 שָׁבֻעִים שִׁבְעִים נֶחְתַּךְ עַל־עַמְּךָ וְעַל־עִיר קָדְשֶׁךָ לְכַלֵּא הַפֶּשַׁע ולחתם וּלְהָתֵם חטאות חַטָּאת וּלְכַפֵּר עָוֺן וּלְהָבִיא צֶדֶק עֹלָמִים וְלַחְתֹּם חָזוֹן וְנָבִיא וְלִמְשֹׁחַ קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים׃ 9.25 וְתֵדַע וְתַשְׂכֵּל מִן־מֹצָא דָבָר לְהָשִׁיב וְלִבְנוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם עַד־מָשִׁיחַ נָגִיד שָׁבֻעִים שִׁבְעָה וְשָׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם תָּשׁוּב וְנִבְנְתָה רְחוֹב וְחָרוּץ וּבְצוֹק הָעִתִּים׃ 9.26 וְאַחֲרֵי הַשָּׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם יִכָּרֵת מָשִׁיחַ וְאֵין לוֹ וְהָעִיר וְהַקֹּדֶשׁ יַשְׁחִית עַם נָגִיד הַבָּא וְקִצּוֹ בַשֶּׁטֶף וְעַד קֵץ מִלְחָמָה נֶחֱרֶצֶת שֹׁמֵמוֹת׃ 9.27 וְהִגְבִּיר בְּרִית לָרַבִּים שָׁבוּעַ אֶחָד וַחֲצִי הַשָּׁבוּעַ יַשְׁבִּית זֶבַח וּמִנְחָה וְעַל כְּנַף שִׁקּוּצִים מְשֹׁמֵם וְעַד־כָּלָה וְנֶחֱרָצָה תִּתַּךְ עַל־שֹׁמֵם׃
12.1
וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יַעֲמֹד מִיכָאֵל הַשַּׂר הַגָּדוֹל הָעֹמֵד עַל־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְהָיְתָה עֵת צָרָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־נִהְיְתָה מִהְיוֹת גּוֹי עַד הָעֵת הַהִיא וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יִמָּלֵט עַמְּךָ כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר׃'
12.1
יִתְבָּרֲרוּ וְיִתְלַבְּנוּ וְיִצָּרְפוּ רַבִּים וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ רְשָׁעִים וְלֹא יָבִינוּ כָּל־רְשָׁעִים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יָבִינוּ׃ ' None
sup>7 A fiery stream issued And came forth from before him; thousand thousands ministered unto him, And ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; The judgment was set, And the books were opened.,After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet; and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.,Daniel spoke and said: I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven broke forth upon the great sea.,I beheld Till thrones were placed, And one that was ancient of days did sit: His raiment was as white snow, And the hair of his head like pure wool; His throne was fiery flames, and the wheels thereof burning fire.,But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.’,I saw in the night visions, And, behold, there came with the clouds of heaven One like unto a son of man, And he came even to the Ancient of days, And he was brought near before Him.,I came near unto one of them that stood by, and asked him the truth concerning all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things:,I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one, before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots; and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things.,After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the sides of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.,In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed; then he wrote the dream and told the sum of the matters.,And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was said thus unto it: ‘Arise, devour much flesh.’,And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.,And as for the ten horns, out of this kingdom shall ten kings arise; and another shall arise after them; and he shall be diverse from the former, and he shall put down three kings.,Then I desired to know the truth concerning the fourth beast, which was diverse from all of them, exceeding terrible, whose teeth were of iron, and its nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet;,’These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, that shall arise out of the earth.,But the judgment shall sit, and his dominions shall be taken away, to be consumed and to be destroy unto the end.,I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;,until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given for the saints of the Most High; and the time came, and the saints possessed the kingdom.,and concerning the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, and before which three fell; even that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spoke great things, whose appearance was greater than that of its fellows.,And as for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away; yet their lives were prolonged for a season and a time.,Thus he said: ‘The fourth beast shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all the kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.,I beheld at that time because of the voice of the great words which the horn spoke, I beheld even till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed, and it was given to be burned with fire.,Here is the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my thoughts much affrighted me, and my countece was changed in me; but I kept the matter in my heart.,And there was given him dominion, And glory, and a kingdom, That all the peoples, nations, and languages Should serve him; His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, And his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.,And he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High; and he shall think to change the seasons and the law; and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and half a time.,And the kingdom and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.’,The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings; I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked off, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon two feet as a man, and a man’s heart was given to it.,As for me Daniel, my spirit was pained in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head affrighted me. ."
9.24
Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sin, and to forgive iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal vision and prophet, and to anoint the most holy place. 9.25 Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem unto one anointed, a prince, shall be seven weeks; and for threescore and two weeks, it shall be built again, with broad place and moat, but in troublous times. 9.26 And after the threescore and two weeks shall an anointed one be cut off, and be no more; and the people of a prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; but his end shall be with a flood; and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 9.27 And he shall make a firm covet with many for one week; and for half of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease; and upon the wing of detestable things shall be that which causeth appalment; and that until the extermination wholly determined be poured out upon that which causeth appalment.’ 9 Yea, all Israel have transgressed Thy law, and have turned aside, so as not to hearken to Thy voice; and so there hath been poured out upon us the curse and the oath that is written in the Law of Moses the servant of God; for we have sinned against Him.,And after the threescore and two weeks shall an anointed one be cut off, and be no more; and the people of a prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; but his end shall be with a flood; and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.,And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.,And He hath confirmed His word, which He spoke against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil; so that under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem.,neither have we hearkened to the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in His laws, which He set before us by His servants the prophets. .,And he shall make a firm covet with many for one week; and for half of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease; and upon the wing of detestable things shall be that which causeth appalment; and that until the extermination wholly determined be poured out upon that which causeth appalment.’,And so the LORD hath watched over the evil, and brought it upon us; for the LORD our God is righteous in all His works which He hath done, and we have not hearkened to His voice.,Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem unto one anointed, a prince, shall be seven weeks; and for threescore and two weeks, it shall be built again, with broad place and moat, but in troublous times.,in the first year of his reign I Daniel meditated in the books, over the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish for the desolations of Jerusalem seventy years.,neither have we hearkened unto Thy servants the prophets, that spoke in Thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.,To the Lord our God belong compassions and forgivenesses; for we have rebelled against Him;,Unto Thee, O Lord, belongeth righteousness, but unto us confusion of face, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither Thou hast driven them, because they dealt treacherously with Thee.,Now therefore, O our God, hearken unto the prayer of Thy servant, and to his supplications, and cause Thy face to shine upon Thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord’s sake.,And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought Thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten Thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.,And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made confession, and said: ‘O Lord, the great and awful God, who keepest covet and mercy with them that love Thee and keep Thy commandments,,O my God, incline Thine ear, and hear; open Thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city upon which Thy name is called; for we do not present our supplications before Thee because of our righteousness, but because of Thy great compassions.,O Lord, according to all Thy righteousness, let Thine anger and Thy fury, I pray Thee, be turned away from Thy city Jerusalem, Thy holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us.,O LORD, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against Thee.,And while I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;,And he made me to understand, and talked with me, and said: ‘O Daniel, I am now come forth to make thee skilful of understanding.,O Lord, hear, O Lord, forgive, O Lord, attend and do, defer not; for Thine own sake, O my God, because Thy name is called upon Thy city and Thy people.’,In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;,yea, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, approached close to me about the time of the evening offering.,we have sinned, and have dealt iniquitously, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, and have turned aside from Thy commandments and from Thine ordices;,At the beginning of thy supplications a word went forth, and I am come to declare it; for thou art greatly beloved; therefore look into the word, and understand the vision.,As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us; yet have we not entreated the favour of the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and have discernment in Thy truth.,Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sin, and to forgive iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal vision and prophet, and to anoint the most holy place.
12.1
And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. 12 And they that are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn the many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.,And he said: ‘Go thy way, Daniel; for the words are shut up and sealed till the time of the end.,Happy is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.,And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to reproaches and everlasting abhorrence.,But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.’,And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he lifted up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and swore by Him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and a half; and when they have made an end of breaking in pieces the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.,Many shall purify themselves, and make themselves white, and be refined; but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand; but they that are wise shall understand.,And one said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river: ‘How long shall it be to the end of the wonders?’,But go thou thy way till the end be; and thou shalt rest, and shalt stand up to thy lot, at the end of the days.’,And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.,Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood other two, the one on the bank of the river on this side, and the other on the bank of the river on that side.,And from the time that the continual burnt-offering shall be taken away, and the detestable thing that causes appalment set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.,And I heard, but I understood not; then said I: ‘O my Lord, what shall be the latter end of these things?’'' None
38. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.20-1.24, 1.31, 2.29-2.31, 7.16-7.17, 10.18-10.21, 14.41 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Babylonian exile, • Banishment • Exile • Exile/Exilic • Wilderness, Exile • exile • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of

 Found in books: Bay (2022), Biblical Heroes and Classical Culture in Christian Late Antiquity: The Historiography, Exemplarity, and Anti-Judaism of Pseudo-Hegesippus, 202; Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 275; Gera (2014), Judith, 175, 317; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 710; Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 136; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 149; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 329, 379

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1.20 After subduing Egypt, Antiochus returned in the one hundred and forty-third year. He went up against Israel and came to Jerusalem with a strong force. 1.21 He arrogantly entered the sanctuary and took the golden altar, the lampstand for the light, and all its utensils. 1.22 He took also the table for the bread of the Presence, the cups for drink offerings, the bowls, the golden censers, the curtain, the crowns, and the gold decoration on the front of the temple; he stripped it all off. 1.23 He took the silver and the gold, and the costly vessels; he took also the hidden treasures which he found. 1.24 Taking them all, he departed to his own land. He committed deeds of murder,and spoke with great arrogance.
1.31
He plundered the city, burned it with fire, and tore down its houses and its surrounding walls.
2.29
Then many who were seeking righteousness and justice went down to the wilderness to dwell there, 2.30 they, their sons, their wives, and their cattle, because evils pressed heavily upon them. 2.31 And it was reported to the kings officers, and to the troops in Jerusalem the city of David, that men who had rejected the kings command had gone down to the hiding places in the wilderness.
7.16
So they trusted him; but he seized sixty of them and killed them in one day, in accordance with the word which was written, 7.17 "The flesh of thy saints and their blood they poured out round about Jerusalem,and there was none to bury them."
10.18
King Alexander to his brother Jonathan, greeting. 10.19 We have heard about you, that you are a mighty warrior and worthy to be our friend. 10.20 And so we have appointed you today to be the high priest of your nation; you are to be called the kings friend" (and he sent him a purple robe and a golden crown) "and you are to take our side and keep friendship with us." 10.21 So Jonathan put on the holy garments in the seventh month of the one hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of tabernacles, and he recruited troops and equipped them with arms in abundance.
14.41
And the Jews and their priests decided that Simon should be their leader and high priest for ever, until a trustworthy prophet should arise,'' None
39. Septuagint, Judith, 2.9, 4.6, 4.9-4.15, 9.7-9.10, 9.13, 10.3-10.4, 13.15, 16.1-16.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exiles, Babylonian • Time, Exilic • exile, as setting of Esther, Judith, and Susanna • exile, captivity, and return • exile, captivity, and return, Exodus, story of • exiles, maintenance of identity by • storytelling, postexilic, exile and gender in

 Found in books: Allen and Doedens (2022), Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature 153; Ashbrook Harvey et al. (2015), A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer, 245, 246, 247, 249; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 2; Gera (2014), Judith, 45, 46, 49, 107, 143, 144, 171, 172, 175, 210, 214, 222, 309, 312, 313, 314, 318, 319, 322, 418, 430, 450, 451, 454, 455

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2.9 and I will lead them away captive to the ends of the whole earth.
4.6
And Joakim, the high priest, who was in Jerusalem at the time, wrote to the people of Bethulia and Betomesthaim, which faces Esdraelon opposite the plain near Dothan,
4.9
And every man of Israel cried out to God with great fervor, and they humbled themselves with much fasting. 4.10 They and their wives and their children and their cattle and every resident alien and hired laborer and purchased slave -- they all girded themselves with sackcloth. 4.11 And all the men and women of Israel, and their children, living at Jerusalem, prostrated themselves before the temple and put ashes on their heads and spread out their sackcloth before the Lord. 4.12 They even surrounded the altar with sackcloth and cried out in unison, praying earnestly to the God of Israel not to give up their infants as prey and their wives as booty, and the cities they had inherited to be destroyed, and the sanctuary to be profaned and desecrated to the malicious joy of the Gentiles. 4.13 So the Lord heard their prayers and looked upon their affliction; for the people fasted many days throughout Judea and in Jerusalem before the sanctuary of the Lord Almighty. 4.14 And Joakim the high priest and all the priests who stood before the Lord and ministered to the Lord, with their loins girded with sackcloth, offered the continual burnt offerings and the vows and freewill offerings of the people. 4.15 With ashes upon their turbans, they cried out to the Lord with all their might to look with favor upon the whole house of Israel.
9.7
"Behold now, the Assyrians are increased in their might; they are exalted, with their horses and riders; they glory in the strength of their foot soldiers; they trust in shield and spear, in bow and sling, and know not that thou art the Lord who crushest wars; the Lord is thy name. 9.8 Break their strength by thy might, and bring down their power in thy anger; for they intend to defile thy sanctuary, and to pollute the tabernacle where thy glorious name rests, and to cast down the horn of thy altar with the sword. 9.9 Behold their pride, and send thy wrath upon their heads; give to me, a widow, the strength to do what I plan. 9.10 By the deceit of my lips strike down the slave with the prince and the prince with his servant; crush their arrogance by the hand of a woman.
9.13
Make my deceitful words to be their wound and stripe, for they have planned cruel things against thy covet, and against thy consecrated house, and against the top of Zion, and against the house possessed by thy children. ' "
10.3
and she removed the sackcloth which she had been wearing, and took off her widow's garments, and bathed her body with water, and anointed herself with precious ointment, and combed her hair and put on a tiara, and arrayed herself in her gayest apparel, which she used to wear while her husband Manasseh was living. " '10.4 And she put sandals on her feet, and put on her anklets and bracelets and rings, and her earrings and all her ornaments, and made herself very beautiful, to entice the eyes of all men who might see her.
13.15
Then she took the head out of the bag and showed it to them, and said, "See, here is the head of Holofernes, the commander of the Assyrian army, and here is the canopy beneath which he lay in his drunken stupor. The Lord has struck him down by the hand of a woman.
16.1
Then Judith began this thanksgiving before all Israel, and all the people loudly sang this song of praise. 16.2 And Judith said, Begin a song to my God with tambourines, sing to my Lord with cymbals. Raise to him a new psalm; exalt him, and call upon his name. 16.3 For God is the Lord who crushes wars; for he has delivered me out of the hands of my pursuers, and brought me to his camp, in the midst of the people. 16.4 The Assyrian came down from the mountains of the north; he came with myriads of his warriors; their multitude blocked up the valleys, their cavalry covered the hills. 16.5 He boasted that he would burn up my territory, and kill my young men with the sword, and dash my infants to the ground and seize my children as prey, and take my virgins as booty. 16.6 But the Lord Almighty has foiled them by the hand of a woman. 16.7 For their mighty one did not fall by the hands of the young men, nor did the sons of the Titans smite him, nor did tall giants set upon him; but Judith the daughter of Merari undid him with the beauty of her countece. ' "16.8 For she took off her widow's mourning to exalt the oppressed in Israel. She anointed her face with ointment and fastened her hair with a tiara and put on a linen gown to deceive him." '16.9 Her sandal ravished his eyes, her beauty captivated his mind, and the sword severed his neck.
16.10
The Persians trembled at her boldness, the Medes were daunted at her daring.
16.11
Then my oppressed people shouted for joy; my weak people shouted and the enemy trembled; they lifted up their voices, and the enemy were turned back.
16.12
The sons of maidservants have pierced them through; they were wounded like the children of fugitives, they perished before the army of my Lord.
16.13
I will sing to my God a new song: O Lord, thou are great and glorious, wonderful in strength, invincible.
16.14
Let all thy creatures serve thee, for thou didst speak, and they were made. Thou didst send forth thy Spirit, and it formed them; there is none that can resist thy voice.
16.15
For the mountains shall be shaken to their foundations with the waters; at thy presence the rocks shall melt like wax, but to those who fear thee thou wilt continue to show mercy.
16.16
For every sacrifice as a fragrant offering is a small thing, and all fat for burnt offerings to thee is a very little thing, but he who fears the Lord shall be great for ever.
16.17
Woe to the nations that rise up against my people! The Lord Almighty will take vengeance on them in the day of judgment; fire and worms he will give to their flesh; they shall weep in pain for ever. '' None
40. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Cicero, characterization of exile • Tullius Cicero, M. (Cicero), exile as wound • Tullius Cicero, Marcus, exile of • proscription

 Found in books: Duffalo (2006), The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate. 46; Roller (2018), Disclosure and Discretion in Roman Astrology: Manilius and his Augustan Contemporaries, 256; Tuori (2016), The Emperor of Law: The Emergence of Roman Imperial Adjudication<, 35; Walters (2020), Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome, 73

41. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ovid imagines Rome from exile • Tullius Cicero, M. (Cicero), consoling exiled friends

 Found in books: Jenkyns (2013), God, Space, and City in the Roman Imagination, 188; Walters (2020), Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome, 94

42. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile/Exilic • exile

 Found in books: Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 54; Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 150

43. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Exile/Exilic • Wilderness, Exile • exile • self-exile

 Found in books: Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 274; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160; Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 150; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 149

44. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Wilderness, Exile • exile • exile,Recovery From

 Found in books: Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 150; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 148

45. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile/Exilic • exile • exile, Babylonian

 Found in books: Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 53, 54; Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 150; Witter et al. (2021), Torah, Temple, Land: Constructions of Judaism in Antiquity, 109

46. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile, Babylonian

 Found in books: Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 207; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly, (2022), The Lord’s Prayer, 22

47. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • Exile/Exilic • Wilderness, Exile • exile,Recovery From • self-exile

 Found in books: Fraade (2011), Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages, 44, 45, 54, 59, 166; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 160; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 148, 151, 155, 156, 180, 185

48. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile Babylonian • exile

 Found in books: Lieu (2004), Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World, 217; Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 288; van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 208, 209

49. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 3.189, 3.234-3.245, 3.270-3.271, 3.624, 3.702-3.706, 3.762-3.808 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Exile • exile • exile, Babylonian

 Found in books: Fishbane (2003), Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking, 168; Mathews (2013), Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John, 135, 136; Piotrkowski (2019), Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period, 220

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3.189 And all of Titans and of Cronos born
3.234
of which a king of Egypt shall be king 3.235 235 Who shall be a descendant from the Greeks. 3.236 And then the nation of the mighty God 3.237 Shall be again strong and they shall be guide 3.238 of life to all men. But why did God place 3.239 This also in my mind to tell: what first, 3.240 240 And what next, and what evil last shall be 3.241 On all men? Which of these shall take the lead? 3.242 First on the Titans will God visit evil.' "3.243 For they shall pay to mighty Cronos's son" '3.244 The penal satisfaction, since they bound 3.245 245 Both Cronos and the mother dearly loved.
3.270
270 And noble deeds have ever been a care. 3.271 For they have no concern about the course
3.624
Nor of life shall there any longer be
3.702
Images many of gods that are dead, 3.703 Because of which ye were taught foolish thoughts. 3.704 But when the anger of the mighty God' "3.705 705 Shall come upon you, then ye'll recognize" '3.706 The face of God the mighty. And all soul
3.762
And worshiped idols made with hands, which thing 3.763 Mortals themselves will cast down and for shame 3.764 Conceal in clefts of rocks, when a young king, 3.765 765 The seventh of Egypt, shall rule his own land, 3.766 Reckoned from the dominion of the Greeks, 3.767 Which countless Macedonian men shall rule; 3.768 And there shall come from Asia a great king, 3.769 fiery eagle, who with foot and horse 3.770 770 Shall cover all the land, cut up all things, 3.771 And fill all things with evils; he will cast 3.772 The Egyptian kingdom down; and taking off 3.773 All its possessions carry them away 3.774 Over the spacious surface of the sea. 3.775 775 And then shall they before, the mighty God, 3.776 The King immortal, bend the fair white knee 3.777 On the much-nourishing earth; and all the work 3.778 Made with hands shall fall by a flame of fire. 3.779 And then will God bestow great joy on men; 3.780 780 For land and trees and countless flocks of sheep 3.781 Their genuine fruit to men shall offer–wine, 3.782 And the sweet honey, and white milk, and wheat, 3.783 Which is for mortals of all things the best. 3.784 But thou, O mortal full of various wiles,' "3.785 ,O THOU high-thundering blessed heavenly One,,Who hast set in their place the cherubim,,I, who have uttered what is all too true,,Entreat thee, let me have a little rest;,5 For my heart has grown weary from within.,But why again leaps my heart, and my soul,With a whip smitten from within constrained,To utter forth its message unto all?,But yet again will I proclaim all things,10 Which God commands me to proclaim to men.,O men, that in your image have a form,Fashioned of God, why do ye vainly stray,And walk not in the straight way, always mindful,of the immortal Maker? God is one,,15 Sovereign, ineffable, dwelling in heaven,,The self-existent and invisible,,Himself alone beholding everything;,Him sculptor's hand made not, nor is his form,Shown by man's art from gold or ivory;,20 But he, eternal Lord, proclaims himself,As one who is and was erst and shall be,Again hereafter. For who being mortal,Can see God with his eyes? Or who shall bear,To hear the only name of heaven's great God,,25 The ruler of the world? He by his word,Created all things, even heaven and sea,,And tireless sun, and full moon and bright stars,,And mighty mother Tethys, springs and rivers,,Imperishable fire, and days and nights.,30 This is the God who formed four-lettered Adam,,The first one formed, and filling with his name,East, west, and south, and north. The same is he,Who fixed the pattern of the human form,,And made wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls.,35 Ye do not worship neither fear ye God,,But vainly go astray and bow the knee,To serpents, and make offering to cats,,And idols, and stone images of men,,And sit before the doors of godless temples;,40 Ye guard him who is God, who keeps all things,,And merry with the wickedness of stones,Forget the judgment of the immortal Saviour,Who made the heaven and earth. Alas! a race,That has delight in blood, deceitful, vile,,45 Ungodly, of false, double-tongued, immoral men,,Adulterous, idolous, designing fraud,,An evil madness raving in their hearts,,For themselves plundering, having shameless soul;,For no one who has riches will impart,50 To another, but dire wickedness shall be,Among all mortals, and for sake of gain,Will many widows not at all keep faith,,But secretly love others, and the bond,of life those who have husbands do not keep.,55 But when Rome shall o'er Egypt also rule,Governing always, then shall there appear,The greatest kingdom of the immortal King,Over men. And a holy Lord shall come,To hold the scepter over every land,60 Unto all ages of fast-hastening time.,And then shall come inexorable wrath,On Latin men; three shall by piteous fate,Endamage Rome. And perish shall all men,,With their own houses, when from heaven shall flow,65 A fiery cataract. Ah, wretched me!,When shall that day and when shall judgment come,of the immortal God, the mighty King?,But just now, O ye cities, ye are built,And all adorned with temples and race-grounds,,70 Markets, and images of wood, of gold,,of silver and of stone, that ye may come,Unto the bitter day. For it shall come,,When there shall pass among all men a stench,of brimstone. Yet each thing will I declare,,75 In all the cities where men suffer ills.,From the Sebastenes Beliar shall come,Hereafter, and the height of hills shall he,Establish, and shall make the sea stand still,And the great fiery sun and the bright moon,80 And he shall raise the dead, and many signs,Work before men: but nothing shall be brought,By him unto completion but deceit,,And many mortals shall be lead astray,Hebrews both true and choice, and lawless men,85 Besides who never gave ear to God's word.,But when the threatenings of the mighty God,Shall draw near, and a flaming power shall come,By billow to the earth, it shall consume,Both Beliar and all the haughty men,90 Who put their trust in him. And thereupon,Shall the whole world be governed by the hands,of a woman and obedient everywhere.,Then when a widow shall o'er all the world,Gain the rule, and cast in the mighty sea,95 Both gold and silver, also brass and iron,of short lived men into the deep shall cast,,Then all the elements shall be bereft,of order, when the God who dwells on high,Shall roll the heaven, even as a scroll is rolled;,100 And to the mighty earth and sea shall fall,The entire multiform sky; and there shall flow,A tireless cataract of raging fire,,And it shall burn the land, and burn the sea,,And heavenly sky, and night, and day, and melt,105 Creation itself together and pick out,What is pure. No more laughing spheres of light,,Nor night, nor dawn, nor many days of care,,Nor spring, nor winter, nor the summer-time,,Nor autumn. And then of the mighty God,110 The judgment midway in a mighty age,Shall come, when all these things shall come to pass.,O navigable waters and each land,of the Orient and of the Occident,,Subject shall all things be to him who comes,115 Into the world again, and therefore he,Himself became first conscious of his power.,But when the threatenings of the mighty God,Are fulfilled, which he threatened mortals once,,When in Assyrian land they built a tower;–,120 (And they all spoke one language, and resolved,To mount aloft into the starry heaven;,But on the air the Immortal straightway put,A mighty force; and then winds from above,Cast down the great tower and stirred mortals up,125 To wrangling with each other; therefore men,Gave to that city the name of Babylon);–,Now when the tower fell and the tongues of men,Turned to all sorts of sounds, straightway all earth,Was filled with men and kingdoms were divided;,130 And then the generation tenth appeared,of mortal men, from the time when the flood,Came upon earlier men. And Cronos reigned,,And Titan and Iapetus; and men called them,Best offspring of Gaia and of Uranus,,135 Giving to them names both of earth and heaven,,Since they were very first of mortal men.,So there were three divisions of the earth,According to the allotment of each man,,And each one having his own portion reigned,140 And fought not; for a father's oaths were there,And equal were their portions. But the time,Complete of old age on the father came,,And he died; and the sons infringing oaths,Stirred up against each other bitter strife,,145 Which one should have the royal rank and rule,Over all mortals; and against each other,Cronos and Titan fought. But Rhea and Gaia,,And Aphrodite fond of crowns, Demeter,,And Hestia and Dione of fair locks,150 Brought them to friendship, and together called,All who were kings, both brothers and near kin,,And others of the same ancestral blood,,And they judged Cronos should reign king of all,,For he was oldest and of noblest form.,155 But Titan laid on Cronos mighty oaths,To rear no male posterity, that he,Himself might reign when age and fate should come,To Cronos. And whenever Rhea bore,Beside her sat the Titans, and all males,160 In pieces tore, but let the females live,To be reared by the mother. But When now,At the third birth the august Rhea bore,,She brought forth Hera first; and when they saw,A female offspring, the fierce Titan men,165 Betook them to their homes. And thereupon,Rhea a male child bore, and having bound,Three men of Crete by oath she quickly sent,Him into Phrygia to be reared apart,In secret; therefore did they name him Zeus,,170 For he was sent away. And thus she sent,Poseidon also secretly away.,And Pluto, third, did Rhea yet again,,Noblest of women, at Dodona bear,,Whence flows Europus' river's liquid course,,175 And with Peneus mixed pours in the sea,Its water, and men call it Stygian.,But when the Titans heard that there were sons,Kept secretly, whom Cronos and his wife,Rhea begat, then Titan sixty youths,180 Together gathered, and held fast in chains,Cronos and his wife Rhea, and concealed,Them in the earth and guarded them in bonds.,And then the sons of powerful Cronos heard,,And a great war and uproar they aroused.,185 And this is the beginning of dire war,Among all mortals. For it is indeed,With mortals the prime origin of war.,And then did God award the Titans evil.,And all of Titans and of Cronos born,190 Died. But then as time rolled around there rose,The Egyptian kingdom, then that of the Persians,And of the Medes, and Ethiopians,,And of Assyria and Babylon,,And then that of the Macedonians,,195 Egyptian yet again, then that of Rome.,And then a message of the mighty God,Was set within my breast, and it bade me,Proclaim through all earth and in royal hearts,Plant things which are to be. And to my mind,200 This God imparted first, bow many kingdoms,Have been together gathered of mankind.,For first of all the house of Solomon,Shall include horsemen of Phœnicia,And Syria, and of the islands too,,205 And the race of Pamphylians and Persians,And Phrygians, Carians, and Mysians,And the race of the Lydians rich in gold.,And then shall Hellenes, proud and impure,,Then shall a Macedonian nation rule,,210 Great, shrewd, who as a fearful cloud of war,Shall come to mortals. But the God of heaven,Shall utterly destroy them from the depth.,And then shall be another kingdom, white,And many-headed, from the western sea,,215 Which shall rule much land, and shake many men,,And to all kings bring terror afterwards,,And out of many cities shall destroy,Much gold and silver; but in the vast earth,There will again be gold, and silver too,,220 And ornament. And they will oppress mortals;,And to those men shall great disaster be,,When they begin unrighteous arrogance.,And forthwith in them there shall be a force,of wickedness, male will consort with male,,225 And children they will place in dens of shame;,And in those days there shall be among men,A great affliction, and it shall disturb,All things, and break all things, and fill all things,With evils by a shameful covetousness,,230 And by ill-gotten wealth in many lands,,But most of all in Macedonia.,And it shall stir up hatred, and all guile,Shalt be with them even to the seventh kingdom,,of which a king of Egypt shall be king,235 Who shall be a descendant from the Greeks.,And then the nation of the mighty God,Shall be again strong and they shall be guides,of life to all men. But why did God place,This also in my mind to tell: what first,,240 And what next, and what evil last shall be,On all men? Which of these shall take the lead?,First on the Titans will God visit evil.,For they shall pay to mighty Cronos's sons,The penal satisfaction, since they bound,245 Both Cronos and the mother dearly loved.,Again shall there be tyrants for the Greeks,And fierce kings overweening and impure,,Adulterous and altogether bad;,And for men shall be no more rest from war.,250 And the dread Phrygians shall perish all,,And unto Troy shall evil come that day.,And to the Persians and Assyrians,Evil shall straightaway come, and to all Egypt,And Libya and the Ethiopians,,255 And to the Carians and Pamphylians–,Evil to pass from one place to another,,And to all mortals. Why now one by one,Do I speak forth? But when the first receive,Fulfillment, then straightway shall come on men,260 The second. So the very first I'll tell.,There shall an evil come to pious men,Who dwell by the great temple of Solomon,And who are progeny of righteous men.,Alike of all these also I will tell,265 The tribe and line of fathers and homeland–,All things with care, O mortal shrewd in mind.,There is a city . . . on the earth,,Ur of the Chaldees, whence there is a race,of men most righteous, to whom both good will,270 And noble deeds have ever been a care.,For they have no concern about the course,of the sun's revolution, nor the moon's,,Nor wondrous things beneath the earth, nor depth,of joy-imparting sea Oceanus,,275 Nor signs of sneezing, nor the wings of birds,,Nor soothsayers, nor wizards, nor enchanters,,Nor tricks of dull words of ventriloquists,,Neither do they astrologize with skill,28 of the Chaldeans, nor astronomize;,O For these are all deceptive, in so far,As foolish men go seeking day by day,Training their souls unto no useful work;,And then did they teach miserable men,Deceptions, whence to mortals on the earth,285 Come many evils leading them astray,From good ways and just deeds. But they have care,For righteousness and virtue, and not greed,,Which breeds unnumbered ills to mortal men,,War and unending famine. But with them,290 Just measure, both in fields and cities, holds,,Nor steal they from each other in the night,,Nor drive off herds of cattle, sheep, and goats,,Nor neighbor remove landmarks of a neighbor,,Nor any man of great wealth grieve the one,295 Less favored, nor to widows cause distress,,But rather aids them, ever helping them,With wheat and wine and oil; and always does,The rich man in the country send a share,At the time of the harvests unto them,300 That have not, but are needy, thus fulfilling,The saying of the mighty God, a hymn,In legal setting; for the Heavenly One,Finished the earth a common good for all.,Now when the people of twelve tribes depart,305 From Egypt, and with leaders sent of God,Nightly pursue their way by a pillar of fire,And during all the day by one of cloud,,For them then God a leader will appoint–,A great man, Moses, whom a princess found,310 Beside a marsh, and carried off and reared,And called her son. And at the time he came,As leader for the people whom God led,From Egypt unto the. steel) Sinai mount,,His own law God delivered them from heaven,315 Writing on two flat stones all righteous things,Which he enjoined to do; and if, perchance,,One give no heed, he must unto the law,Make satisfaction, either at men's hands,Or, if men's notice he escape, he shall,320 By ample satisfaction he destroyed.,For the Heavenly finished earth a common good,For all, and in all hearts as best gift thought.,A hundredfold from one, and thus completes,325 God's measure. But to them shall also come,Misfortune, nor do they escape from plague.,And even thou, forsaking thy fair shrine,,Shalt flee away when it becomes thy lot,To leave the holy land. And thou shalt be,330 Carried to the Assyrians, and shalt see,Young children and wives serving hostile men;,And every means of life and wealth shall perish;,And every land shall be filled up with thee,,And every sea; and everyone shall be,335 offended with thy customs; and thy land,Shall all be desert; and the altar fenced,And temple of the great God and long walls,Shall all fall to the ground, since in thy heart,The holy law of the immortal God,340 Thou didst not keep, but, erring, thou didst serve,Unseemly images, and didst not fear,The immortal Father, God of all mankind,,Nor will to honor him; but images,of mortals thou didst honor Therefore now,345 of time seven decades shall thy fruitful land,And the wonders of thy temple all be waste.,But there remains for thee a goodly end,And greatest glory, as the immortal God,Granted thee. But do thou wait and confide,350 In the great God's pure laws, when he shall lift,Thy wearied knee upright unto the light.,And then will God from heaven send a king,To judge each man in blood and light of fire.,There is a royal tribe, the race of which,355 Shall be unfailing; and as times revolve,This race shall bear rule and begin to build,God's temple new. And all the Persian kings,Shall aid with bronze and gold and well-wrought iron.,For God himself will give the holy dream,360 By night. And then the temple shall again,Be, as it was before. . . .,Now when my soul had rest from inspired song,,And I prayed the great Father for a rest,From constraint; even in my heart again,365 Was set a message of the mighty God,And he bade me proclaim through all the earth,And plant in royal minds things yet to be.,And in my mind God put this first to say,How many lamentable sufferings,370 The Immortal purposed upon Babylon,Because she his great temple had destroyed.,Alas, alas for thee! O Babylon,,And for the offspring of the Assyrian men!,Through all the earth the rush of sinful men,375 Shall some time come, and shout of mortal men,And stroke of the great God, who inspires songs,,Shall ruin every land. For high in air to thee,O Babylon, shall it come from above,,And out of heaven from holy ones to thee,380 Shall it come down, and the soul in thy children,Shall the Eternal utterly destroy.,And then shalt thou be, as thou wast before,,As one not born; and then shalt thou be filled,Again with blood, as thou thyself before,385 Didst shed that of good, just, and holy men,,Whose blood yet cries out to the lofty heaven.,To thee, O Egypt, shall a great blow come,And dreadful, to thy homes, which thou didst hope,Might never fall on thee. For through thy midst,390 A sword shall pass, and scattering and death,And famine shall prevail until of kings,The seventh generation, and then cease.,Alas for thee, O land of Gog and Magog,In the midst of the rivers of Ethiopia!,395 What pouring out of blood shalt thou receive,,And house of judgment among men be called,,And thy land of much dew shall drink black blood!,Alas for thee, O Libya, and alas,,Both sea and land! O daughters of the west,,400 So shall ye come unto a bitter day.,And ye shall come pursued by grievous strife,,Dreadful and grievous; there shall be again,A dreadful judgment, and ye all shall come,By force unto destruction, for ye tore,405 In pieces the great house of the Immortal,,And with iron teeth ye chewed it dreadfully.,Therefore shalt thou then look upon thy land,Full of the dead, some of them fallen by war,And by the demon of all violence,,410 Famine and plague, and some by barbarous foes.,And all thy land shall be a wilderness,,And desolations shall thy cities be.,And in the west there shall a star shine forth,Which they will call a comet, sign to men,415 of the sword and of famine and of death,,And murder of great leaders and chief men.,And yet again there shall be among men,Greatest signs; for deep-eddying Tanais,Shall leave Mæotis's lake, and there shall be,420 Down the deep stream a fruitful, furrow's track,,And the vast flow shall hold a neck of land.,And there are hollow chasms and yawning pits;,And many cities, men and all, shall fall:–,In Asia–Iassus, Cebren, Pandonia,,425 Colophon, Ephesus, Nicæa, Antioch,,Syagra, Sinope, Smyrna, Myrina,,Most happy Gaza, Hierapolis, .,Astypalaia; and in Europe–Tanagra,,Clitor, Basilis, Meropeia, Antigone,,430 Magnessa, Mykene, Oiantheia.,Know then that the destructive race of Egypt,Is near destruction, and the past year then,Is better for the Alexandrians.,As much of tribute as Rome did receive,435 of Asia, even thrice as many goods,Shall Asia back again from Rome receive,,And her destructive outrage pay her back.,As many as from Asia ever served,A house of the Italians, twenty times,440 As many Italians shall in Asia serve,In poverty, and numerous debts incur.,O virgin, soft rich child of Latin Rome,,oft at thy much-remembered marriage feasts,Drunken with wine, now shalt thou be a slave,445 And wedded in no honorable way.,And oft shall mistress shear thy pretty hair,,And wreaking satisfaction cast thee down,From heaven to earth, and from the earth again,Raise thee to heaven, for mortals of low rank,450 And of unrighteous life are held fast bound.,And of avenging Smyrna overthrown,There shall be no thought, but by evil plans,And wickedness of them that have command,Shall Samos be sand, Delos shall be dull,,455 And Rome a room; but the decrees of God,Shall all of them be perfectly fulfilled.,And a calm peace to Asian land shall go.,And Europe shall be happy then, well fed,,Pure air, full of years, strong, and undisturbed,460 By wintry storms and hail, bearing, all things,,Even birds and creeping things and beasts of earth.,O happy upon earth shall that man be,Or woman; what a home unspeakable,of happy ones! For from the starry heaven,465 Shall all good order come upon mankind,,And justice, and the prudent unity,Which of all things is excellent for men,,And kindness, confidence, and love of guests;,But far from them shall lawlessness depart,,470 Blame, envy, wrath, and folly; poverty,Shall flee away from men, and force shall flee,,And murder, baneful strifes and bitter feuds,,And theft, and every evil in those days.,But Macedonia shall to Asia bear,475 A grievous suffering, and the greatest sore,To Europe shall spring up from Cronian stock,,A family of bastards and of slaves.,And she shall tame fenced city Babylon,,And of each land the sun looks down upon,480 Call herself mistress, and then come to naught,By ruinous misfortunes, having fame,In later generations distant far.,And sometime into Asia's prosperous land,Shall come a man unheard of, shoulder-clad,485 With purple robe, fierce, unjust, fiery;,And this man he who wields the thunderbolt,Roused forwards; and all Asia shall sustain,An evil yoke, and her soil wet with rain,Shall drink much murder. But even so shall Hades,490 Destroy the unknown king; and that man's offspring,Shall forthwith perish by the race of those,Whose offspring he himself would fain destroy;,Producing one root which the bane of men,Shall cut from ten horns, and plant by their side,495 Another plant. A father purple-clad,Shall cut a warlike father off, and Ares,,Baneful and hostile, by a grandson's hand,Shall himself perish; and then shall the horn,Planted beside them forthwith bear the rule.,500 And unto life-sustaining Phrygia,Straightway shall there a certain token be,,When Rhea's blood-stained race, in the great earth,Blooming perennial in impervious roots,,Shall, root and branch, in one night disappear,505 With a city, men and all, of the Earth-shaker,Poseidon; which place they shall sometime call,Dorylæum, of dark ancient Phrygia,,Much-bewailed. Therefore shall that time be called,Earth-shaker; dens of earth shall he break up,510 And walls demolish. And not signs of good,But a beginning of evil shall be made;,The baneful violence of general war,Ye'll have, sons of Æneas, Dative blood,of Ilus from the soil. But afterwards,515 A spoil shalt thou become for greedy men.,O Ilium, I pity thee; for there shall bloom,In Sparta an Erinys very fair,,Ever-famed, noblest scion, and shall leave,On Asia and Europe a wide-spreading wave;,520 But to thee most of all she'll bear and cause,Wailings and toils and groans; but there shall be,Undying fame with those who are to come.,And there shall be an aged mortal then,,False writer and of doubtful native land;,525 And in his eyes the light shall fade away;,Large mind and verses measured with great skill,Shall he have and be blended with two names,,Shall call himself a Chian and shall write,of Ilium, not truthfully, indeed,,530 But skillfully; for of my verse and meters,He will be master; for he first my books,Will open with his hands; but he himself,Will much embellish helmed chiefs of war,,Hector of Priam and Achilles, son,535 of Peleus, and the others who have care,For warlike deeds. And also by their side,Will he make gods stand, empty-headed men,,False-writing every way. And it shall be,Glory the rather, widely spread, for them,540 To die at Ilium; but he himself,Shall also works of recompense receive.,Also to Lycia shall a Locrian race,Cause many evils. And thee, Chalcedon,,Holding by lot a strait of narrow sea,,545 Shall an Ætolian youth sometime despoil.,Cyzicus, also thy vast wealth the sea,Shall break off. And, Byzantium of Ares,,Thou some time shalt by Asia be laid waste,,And also groans and blood immeasurable,550 Shalt thou receive. And Cragus, lofty mount,of Lycia, from thy peaks by yawning chasms,of opened rock shall babbling water flow,,Until even Patara's oracles shall cease.,O Cyzicus, that dwellest by Propontis,555 The wine-producing, round thee Rhyndacus,Shall crash the crested billow. And thou, Rhodes,,Daughter of day, shalt long be unenslaved,,And great shall be thy happiness hereafter,,And on the sea thy power shall be supreme.,560 But afterwards a spoil shalt thou become,For greedy men, and put upon thy neck,By beauty and by wealth a fearful yoke.,A Lydian earthquake shall again despoil,The power of Persia, and most horribly,565 Shall the people of Europe and Asia suffer pain.,And Sidon's hurtful king with battle-din,Dreadful shall work a mournful overthrow,To the seafaring Samians. On the soil,Shall slain men's dark blood babble to the sea;,570 And wives together with the noble brides,Shall their outrageous insolence lament,,Some for their bridegrooms, some for fallen sons.,O sign of Cyprus, may an earthquake waste,Thy phalanxes away, and many souls,575 With one accord shall Hades bold in charge.,And Trallis near by Ephesus, and walls,Well made, and very precious wealth of men,Shall be dissolved by earthquake; and the land,Shall burst out with hot water; and the earth,580 Shall swallow down those who are by the fire,And stench of brimstone heavily oppressed.,And Samos shall in time build royal houses.,But to thee, Italy, no foreign war,Shall come, but lamentable tribal blood,585 Not easily exhausted, much renowned,,Shall make thee, impudent one, desolate.,And thou thyself beside hot ashes stretched,,As thou in thine own heart didst not foresee,,Shalt slay thyself. And thou shalt not of men,590 Be mother, but a nurse of beasts of prey.,But when from Italy shall come a man,,A spoiler, then, Laodicea, thou,,Beautiful city of the Carians,By Lycus's wondrous water, falling prone,,595 Shalt weep in silence for thy boastful sire.,Thracian Crobyzi shall rise up on Hæmus.,Chatter of teeth to the Campanians comes,Because of wasting famine; Corsica,Weeps her old father, and Sardinia,600 Shall by great storms of winter and the strokes,of a holy God sink down in ocean depths,,Great wonder to the of the sea.,Alas, alas, how many virgin maids,Will Hades wed, and of as many youths,605 Will the deep take without funeral rites!,Alas, alas, the helpless little ones,And the vast riches swimming in the sea!,O happy land of Mysians, suddenly,A royal race shall be formed. Truly now,610 Not for a long time shall Chalcedon be.,And there shall be a very bitter grief,To the Galatians. And to Tenedos,Shall there a last but greatest evil come.,And Sicyon, with strong yells, and Corinth, thou,615 Shalt boast o'er all, but flute shall sound like strain.,. . . . . . . Now, when my soul had. rest from inspired song.,Even again within my heart was set,A message of the mighty God, and he,Commanded me to prophesy on earth.,620 Woe, woe to the race of Phœnician men,And women, and all cities by the sea;,Not one of you shall in the common light,Abide before the shining of the sun,,Nor of life shall there any longer be,625 Number and tribe, because of unjust speech,And lawless life impure which they lived,,Opening a mouth impure, and fearful words,Deceitful and unrighteous forth,,And stood against the God, the King,,630 And opened loathsome month deceitfully,Therefore may he subdue them terribly,By strokes o'er all the earth, and bitter fate,Shall God send on them burning from the ground.,Cities and of the cities the foundations.,635 Woe, woe to thee, O Crete! To thee shall come,A very painful stroke, and terribly,Shall the Eternal sack thee; and again,Shall every land behold thee black with smoke,,Fire ne'er shall leave thee, but thou shalt be burned.,610 Woe, woe to thee, O Thrace! So shalt thou come,Beneath a servile yoke, when the Galatians,United with the sons of Dardanus,Rush on to ravage Hellas, thine shall be,The evil; and unto a foreign land,645 Much shalt thou give, not anything receive.,Woe to thee, Gog and Magog, and to all,,One after another, Mardians and Daians;,How many evils fate, shall bring on thee!,Woe also to the soil of Lycia,,650 And those of Mysia and Phrygia.,And many nations of Pamphylians,,And Lydians, Carians, Cappadocians,,And Ethiopian and Arabian men,of a strange tongue shall fall. How now may I,655 of each speak fitly? For on all the nations,Which dwell on earth the Highest shall send dire plague.,When now again a barbarous nation comes,Against the Greeks it shall slay many heads,of chosen men; and they shall tear in pieces,660 Many fat flocks of sheep of men, and herds,of horses and of mules and lowing kine;,And well-made houses shall they burn with fire,Lawlessly; and unto a foreign land,Shall they by force lead many slaves away,,665 And children, and deep-girded women soft,From bridal chambers creeping on before,With delicate feet; and they shall be bound fast,With fetters by their foes of foreign tongue,,Suffering all fearful outrage; and to them,670 There shall not be one to supply the toil,of battle and come to their help in life.,And they shall see their goods and all their wealth,Enrich the enemy; and there shall be,A trembling of the knees. And there shall fly,675 A hundred, and one shall destroy them all;,And five shall rout a mighty company;,But they, among themselves mixed shamefully,,Shall by war and dire tumult bring delight,To enemies, but sorrow to the Greeks.,680 And then upon all Hellas there shall be,A servile yoke; and war and pestilence,Together shall upon all mortals come.,And God will make the mighty heaven on high,Like brass and over all the earth a drought,,685 And earth itself like iron. And thereupon,Shall mortals all lament the barrenness,And lack of cultivation; and on earth,Shall he set, who created heaven and earth,,A much-distressing fire; and of all men,690 The third part only shall thereafter be.,O Greece, why hast thou trusted mortal men,As leaders, who cannot escape from death?,And wherefore bringest thou thy foolish gifts,Unto the dead and sacrifice to idols?,695 Who put the error in thy heart to do,These things and leave the face of God the mighty?,Honor the All-Father's name, and let it not,Escape thee. It is now a thousand years,,Yea, and five hundred more, since haughty kings,700 Ruled o'er the Greeks, who first to mortal men,Introduced evils, setting up for worship,Images many of gods that are dead,,Because of which ye were taught foolish thoughts.,But when the anger of the mighty God,705 Shall come upon you, then ye'll recognize,The face of God the mighty. And all souls,of men, with mighty groaning lifting up,Their hands to the broad heaven, shall begin,To call the great King helper, and to seek,710 The rescuer from great wrath who is to be.,But come and learn this and store in your hearts,,What troubles in the rolling years shall come.,And what as whole burnt-offering Hellas brought,of cows and bellowing bulls unto the temple,715 of the great God, she from ill-sounding war,And fear and pestilence shall flee away,And from the servile yoke escape again.,But until that time there shall be a race,of godless men, even when that fated day,720 Shall reach its end. For offering to God,Ye should not make till all things come to pass,,Which God alone shall purpose not in vain,To be all fulfilled; and strong force shall urge.,And there shall be again a holy race,725 of godly men who, keeping to the counsels,And mind of the Most High, shall honor much,The great God's temple with drink-offerings,,Burnt-offerings, and holy hecatombs,,With sacrifices of fat bulls, choice rams,,730 Firstlings of sheep and the fat thighs of lambs,,Sacredly offering whole burnt-offerings,On the great altar. And in righteousness,,Having obtained the law of the Most High,,Blest shall they dwell in cities and rich fields.,735 And prophets shall be set on high for them,By the Immortal, bringing great delight,Unto all mortals. For to them alone,The mighty God his gracious counsel gave,And faith and noblest thought within their hearts;,740 They have not by vain things been led astray,,Nor pay they honor to the works of men,Made of gold, brass, silver, and ivory,,Nor statues of dead gods of wood and stone,Besmeared clay, figures of the painter's art,,745 And all that empty-minded mortals will;,But they lift up their pure arms unto heaven,,Rise from the couch at daybreak, always hands,With water cleanse, and honor only Him,Who is immortal and who ever rules,,750 And then their parents; and above all men,Do they respect the lawful marriage-bed;,And they have not base intercourse with boys,,As do Phœnicians, Latins, and Egyptians,And spacious Greece, and nations many more,755 of Persians and Galatians and all Asia,,Transgressing the immortal God's pure law,Which they were under. Therefore on all men,Will the Immortal put bane, famine, pains,,Groans, war, and pestilence and mournful woes;,760 Because they would not honor piously,The immortal Sire of all men, but revered,And worshiped idols made with hands, which things,Mortals themselves will cast down and for shame,Conceal in clefts of rocks, when a young king,,765 The seventh of Egypt, shall rule his own land,,Reckoned from the dominion of the Greeks,,Which countless Macedonian men shall rule;,And there shall come from Asia a great king,,fiery eagle, who with foot and horse,770 Shall cover all the land, cut up all things,,And fill all things with evils; he will cast,The Egyptian kingdom down; and taking off,All its possessions carry them away,Over the spacious surface of the sea.,775 And then shall they before, the mighty God,,The King immortal, bend the fair white knee,On the much-nourishing earth; and all the works,Made with hands shall fall by a flame of fire.,And then will God bestow great joy on men;,780 For land and trees and countless flocks of sheep,Their genuine fruit to men shall offer–wine,,And the sweet honey, and white milk, and wheat,,Which is for mortals of all things the best.,But thou, O mortal full of various wiles,,485 Do not delay and loiter, but do thou,,Tossed to and fro, turn and propitiate God.,offer to God Your hecatombs of bulls,And firstling lambs and goats, as times revolve.,But him propitiate, the immortal God,,490 If haply he show mercy. For he is,The only God, and other there is none.,And honor justice and oppress no man.,For these things the Immortal doth enjoin,On miserable men. But do thou heed,795 The cause of the wrath of the mighty God,,When on all mortals there shall come the height,of pestilence and conquered they shall meet,A fearful judgment, and king shall seize king,And wrest his land away, and nations bring,800 Ruin on nations and lords plunder tribes,,And chiefs all flee into another land,,And the land change its men, and foreign rule,Ravage all Hellas and drain the rich land.,of its wealth, and to strife among themselves,805 Because of gold and silver they shall come–,The love of gain an evil shepherdess,Will be for cities–in a foreign land.,And they shall all be without burial,,And vultures and wild beasts of earth shall spoil,810 Their flesh; and when these things are brought to pass,,Vast earth shall waste the relics of the dead.,And all unsown shall it be and unplowed,,Proclaiming sad the filth of men defiled,Many lengths of time in the revolving years,,815 And shields and javelins and all sorts of arms;,Nor shall the forest wood be cut for fire.,And then shall God send from the East a king,,Who shall make all earth cease from evil war,,Killing some, others binding with strong oaths.,820 And he will not by his own counsels do,All these things, but obey the good decrees,of God the mighty. And with goodly wealth,,With gold and silver and purple ornament,,The temple of the mighty God again,825 Shall be weighed down; and the full-bearing earth,And the sea shall be filled full of good things.,And kings against each other shall begin,To hold ill will, in heart abetting evils.,Envy is not a good to wretched men.,830 But again kings of nations on this land,Shall rush in masses, bringing on themselves,Destruction; for they'll purpose to despoil,The great God's temple and the noblest men.,What time they reach the land, polluted kings,835 Shall set around the city each his throne,And have his people that obey not God.,And then shall God speak with a mighty voice,To all rude people of an empty mind,,And judgment from the mighty God shall come,840 Upon them, and they all shall be destroyed,By his immortal arm. And fiery swords,Shall fall front heaven on earth; and great bright lights,Shall come down flaming in the midst of men.,And in those days shall earth, all-mother, reel,845 By his immortal arm, and shoals of fish,In the deep sea, and all wild, beasts of earth,,And countless tribes of winged fowl, and all,The souls of men and every sea shall tremble,Before the face of the Immortal One,,850 And there shall be dismay. High mountain peaks,And monstrous hills shall he asunder break,,And to all shall dark Erebus appear.,And misty gorges in the lofty hills,Shall be full of the dead; and rocks shall stream,855 With blood and every torrent fill the plain.,And well-built walls of evil-minded men,Shall all fall to the earth, since they knew not,The law nor judgment of the mighty God,,But with a senseless soul all hurried on,860 Against the temple and raised up their spears.,And God shall judge all by war and by sword,And by fire and by overwhelming storm;,And brimstone there shall be from heaven, and stones,And great and grievous hail; and death shall come,865 Upon the quadrupeds. And then shall they,Know God, the Immortal, who performs these things;,And wailing, and upon the boundless earth,Shall be at once a shout of perishing men;,And all the unholy shall be bathed in blood;,870 And earth herself shall also drink the blood,of the perishing, and beasts be gorged with flesh.,And all these things the great eternal God,Himself bade me proclaim. And that shall not,Be unaccomplished, or be unfulfilled,,875 Whatever only in my heart he put;,For truthful is God's spirit in the world.,But children of the mighty God shall all,Again around the temple live in peace,,Rejoicing in those things which he shall give,880 Who is Creator, righteous Judge and King.,For he himself, great, present far and wide,,Shall be a shelter, as on all sides round,A wall of flaming fire. And they shall be,In cities and in country without war.,885 For not the hand of evil war, but rather,The Immortal shall himself be their defender,And the hand of the Holy One. And then shall all,The islands and the cities tell how much,The immortal God loves those men; for all things,890 Help them in conflict and deliver them,Heaven, and divinely fashioned sun, and moon.,And in those days shall earth, all-mother, reel.,Sweet word shall they send from their mouths in hymns:,“Come, falling on the earth let us all pray,895 The immortal King, and great eternal God.,To the temple let its in procession go,,Since he alone is Lord; and let us all,Meditate on the law of God most high,,Which is most righteous of all (laws) on earth.,900 And from the path of the Immortal we,Have wandered and with senseless soul we honor,Works made by hand and wooden images,of dead men.” These things souls of faithful melt,Shall cry out: “Come, having, at the house of God,905 Fallen on our faces, let its with our hymns,Make joy to God the Father at our homes,,Supplied through all our land with arms of foes,Seven lengths of time in the revolving years;,Even shields and helmets and all sorts of arms,,910 And a great store of bows and arrows barbed;,For forest wood shall not be cut for,But, wretched Hellas, stop thy arrogance,And be wise; and entreat the Immortal One,Magimous, and be upon thy guard.,915 Send now against this city yet again,The people inconsiderate, who are come,Out of the holy land of the mighty One.,Do not move Camarina; for 'tis better,She be unmoved; a leopard from the lair,,920 Do thou not let an evil meet with thee.,But keep off, do not hold within thy breast,An arrogant and overbearing soul,,Ready for mighty contest. And serve God,The mighty, that thou mayest share those things;,925 And when that fated day shall reach its end,And judgment of the immortal God shall come,To mortals, judgment great and power shall come,Upon men. For all-mother earth shall yield,To mortals best fruit boundless, wheat, wine, oil;,930 Also from heaven a delightful drink,of honey and trees shall give their fruit,,And fatted sheep and cattle there shall be,,Young lambs and kids of goats; earth shall break forth,With sweet springs of white milk; and of good things,935 The cities shall be full and fat the fields;,Nor sword nor uproar shall be on the earth;,No more shall earth groan heavily and quake,Nor shall war longer be on earth, nor drought,Nor famine, nor the fruit-destroying hail;,940 But great peace, shall be upon all the earth,,And king to king be friend until the end,of the age, and o'er all earth common law,Will the Immortal in the starry heaven,Perfect for men, touching whatever things,945 Have been by miserable mortals done;,For he alone is God, there is no other;,And the stern rage of men he'll burn with fire.,But change entirely the thoughts in thy heart,,And flee unrighteous worship; serve the One,950 Who liveth; guard against adultery,And deeds of lewdness; thine own offspring rear,And do not murder; for the Immortal One,Is angry with him who in these things sins.,And then a kingdom over all mankind,955 Shall he raise up for ages, who once gave,Holy law to the pious, unto whom,He pledged to open every land, the world,And portals of the blessed, and all joys,,And mind immortal and eternal bliss.,960 And out of every land unto the house,of the great God shall they bring frankincense,And gifts, and there shall be no other house,To be inquired of by men yet to be,,But what God gave for faithful men to honor;,965 For mortal temple of the mighty God,Shall call it. And all pathways of the plain,And rough hills and high mountains and wild waves,of the deep shall be easy in those days,For crossing and for sailing; for all peace,970 On the land of the good shall come; and sword,Shall prophets of the mighty God remove;,For they are judges and the righteous kings,of mortals. And there shall be righteous wealth,Among mankind; for of the mighty God,975 This is the judgment and also the power.,Be of good cheer, O maiden, and be glad;,For he who made the heaven and earth gave thee,Joy in thy age. And he will dwell in thee;,And thine shall be immortal and wolves,980 And lambs shall in the mountains feed on grass,Together, and with kids shall leopards graze;,And bears shall lodge among the pasturing calves;,And the carnivorous lion shall eat chaff,At the manger like the cow; and little children,985 In bonds shall lead them; for he will make beasts,Helpless on earth. With babes shall fall asleep,Serpents, along with asps, and do no harm;,For over them shall be the hand of God.,Now tell I thee a sign exceeding clear,,990 That thou may'st know when the end of all things,On earth shall be. When in the starry heaven,Swords shall by night point straight toward west and east,,Straightway shalt there be also from the heaven,A cloud of dust borne forth to all the earth,,995 And the sun's brightness in the midst of heaven,Shall be eclipsed, and the moon's beams appear,And come again on earth; by drops of blood,Distilling from the rocks a sign shalt be;,And in the cloud shalt ye behold a war,1000 of foot and horse, like the chase of wild beasts,In the dense fog. This end of all things God,Shalt consummate, whose dwelling is in heaven.,But all must sacrifice to the great King.,These things I show thee, I who madly left,1005 The long walls of Assyrian Babylon,For Hellas to proclaim to all the wrath,of God, fire sent. . . .,. . . . . . . And that I might to mortals prophesy,of mysteries divine. And men shalt say,1010 In Hellas that I am of foreign Land,,of Erythre born, shameless; others say,That I'm a Sibyl, born of mother Circe,And father Gnostos raving mad and false;,But at that time when all thing come to pass,1015 Ye shall remember me, and no one more,Shall call me mad, the great God's prophetess,,For he showed me what happened formerly,To my ancestors; what things were the first,Those God made known to me; and in my mind,1020 Did God put all things to be afterwards,,That I might prophesy of things to come,,And things that were, and tell them unto men.,For when the world was deluged with a flood,of waters, and one man of good repute,1025 Alone was left and in a wooden house,Sailed o'er the waters with the beasts and birds,,In order that the world might be refilled,,I was his son's bride and was of his race,To whom the first things happened, and the last,1030 Were all made known; and thus from mine own mouth,Let all these truthful things remain declared." "3.794 ,O THOU high-thundering blessed heavenly One,,Who hast set in their place the cherubim,,I, who have uttered what is all too true,,Entreat thee, let me have a little rest;,5 For my heart has grown weary from within.,But why again leaps my heart, and my soul,With a whip smitten from within constrained,To utter forth its message unto all?,But yet again will I proclaim all things,10 Which God commands me to proclaim to men.,O men, that in your image have a form,Fashioned of God, why do ye vainly stray,And walk not in the straight way, always mindful,of the immortal Maker? God is one,,15 Sovereign, ineffable, dwelling in heaven,,The self-existent and invisible,,Himself alone beholding everything;,Him sculptor's hand made not, nor is his form,Shown by man's art from gold or ivory;,20 But he, eternal Lord, proclaims himself,As one who is and was erst and shall be,Again hereafter. For who being mortal,Can see God with his eyes? Or who shall bear,To hear the only name of heaven's great God,,25 The ruler of the world? He by his word,Created all things, even heaven and sea,,And tireless sun, and full moon and bright stars,,And mighty mother Tethys, springs and rivers,,Imperishable fire, and days and nights.,30 This is the God who formed four-lettered Adam,,The first one formed, and filling with his name,East, west, and south, and north. The same is he,Who fixed the pattern of the human form,,And made wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls.,35 Ye do not worship neither fear ye God,,But vainly go astray and bow the knee,To serpents, and make offering to cats,,And idols, and stone images of men,,And sit before the doors of godless temples;,40 Ye guard him who is God, who keeps all things,,And merry with the wickedness of stones,Forget the judgment of the immortal Saviour,Who made the heaven and earth. Alas! a race,That has delight in blood, deceitful, vile,,45 Ungodly, of false, double-tongued, immoral men,,Adulterous, idolous, designing fraud,,An evil madness raving in their hearts,,For themselves plundering, having shameless soul;,For no one who has riches will impart,50 To another, but dire wickedness shall be,Among all mortals, and for sake of gain,Will many widows not at all keep faith,,But secretly love others, and the bond,of life those who have husbands do not keep.,55 But when Rome shall o'er Egypt also rule,Governing always, then shall there appear,The greatest kingdom of the immortal King,Over men. And a holy Lord shall come,To hold the scepter over every land,60 Unto all ages of fast-hastening time.,And then shall come inexorable wrath,On Latin men; three shall by piteous fate,Endamage Rome. And perish shall all men,,With their own houses, when from heaven shall flow,65 A fiery cataract. Ah, wretched me!,When shall that day and when shall judgment come,of the immortal God, the mighty King?,But just now, O ye cities, ye are built,And all adorned with temples and race-grounds,,70 Markets, and images of wood, of gold,,of silver and of stone, that ye may come,Unto the bitter day. For it shall come,,When there shall pass among all men a stench,of brimstone. Yet each thing will I declare,,75 In all the cities where men suffer ills.,From the Sebastenes Beliar shall come,Hereafter, and the height of hills shall he,Establish, and shall make the sea stand still,And the great fiery sun and the bright moon,80 And he shall raise the dead, and many signs,Work before men: but nothing shall be brought,By him unto completion but deceit,,And many mortals shall be lead astray,Hebrews both true and choice, and lawless men,85 Besides who never gave ear to God's word.,But when the threatenings of the mighty God,Shall draw near, and a flaming power shall come,By billow to the earth, it shall consume,Both Beliar and all the haughty men,90 Who put their trust in him. And thereupon,Shall the whole world be governed by the hands,of a woman and obedient everywhere.,Then when a widow shall o'er all the world,Gain the rule, and cast in the mighty sea,95 Both gold and silver, also brass and iron,of short lived men into the deep shall cast,,Then all the elements shall be bereft,of order, when the God who dwells on high,Shall roll the heaven, even as a scroll is rolled;,100 And to the mighty earth and sea shall fall,The entire multiform sky; and there shall flow,A tireless cataract of raging fire,,And it shall burn the land, and burn the sea,,And heavenly sky, and night, and day, and melt,105 Creation itself together and pick out,What is pure. No more laughing spheres of light,,Nor night, nor dawn, nor many days of care,,Nor spring, nor winter, nor the summer-time,,Nor autumn. And then of the mighty God,110 The judgment midway in a mighty age,Shall come, when all these things shall come to pass.,O navigable waters and each land,of the Orient and of the Occident,,Subject shall all things be to him who comes,115 Into the world again, and therefore he,Himself became first conscious of his power.,But when the threatenings of the mighty God,Are fulfilled, which he threatened mortals once,,When in Assyrian land they built a tower;–,120 (And they all spoke one language, and resolved,To mount aloft into the starry heaven;,But on the air the Immortal straightway put,A mighty force; and then winds from above,Cast down the great tower and stirred mortals up,125 To wrangling with each other; therefore men,Gave to that city the name of Babylon);–,Now when the tower fell and the tongues of men,Turned to all sorts of sounds, straightway all earth,Was filled with men and kingdoms were divided;,130 And then the generation tenth appeared,of mortal men, from the time when the flood,Came upon earlier men. And Cronos reigned,,And Titan and Iapetus; and men called them,Best offspring of Gaia and of Uranus,,135 Giving to them names both of earth and heaven,,Since they were very first of mortal men.,So there were three divisions of the earth,According to the allotment of each man,,And each one having his own portion reigned,140 And fought not; for a father's oaths were there,And equal were their portions. But the time,Complete of old age on the father came,,And he died; and the sons infringing oaths,Stirred up against each other bitter strife,,145 Which one should have the royal rank and rule,Over all mortals; and against each other,Cronos and Titan fought. But Rhea and Gaia,,And Aphrodite fond of crowns, Demeter,,And Hestia and Dione of fair locks,150 Brought them to friendship, and together called,All who were kings, both brothers and near kin,,And others of the same ancestral blood,,And they judged Cronos should reign king of all,,For he was oldest and of noblest form.,155 But Titan laid on Cronos mighty oaths,To rear no male posterity, that he,Himself might reign when age and fate should come,To Cronos. And whenever Rhea bore,Beside her sat the Titans, and all males,160 In pieces tore, but let the females live,To be reared by the mother. But When now,At the third birth the august Rhea bore,,She brought forth Hera first; and when they saw,A female offspring, the fierce Titan men,165 Betook them to their homes. And thereupon,Rhea a male child bore, and having bound,Three men of Crete by oath she quickly sent,Him into Phrygia to be reared apart,In secret; therefore did they name him Zeus,,170 For he was sent away. And thus she sent,Poseidon also secretly away.,And Pluto, third, did Rhea yet again,,Noblest of women, at Dodona bear,,Whence flows Europus' river's liquid course,,175 And with Peneus mixed pours in the sea,Its water, and men call it Stygian.,But when the Titans heard that there were sons,Kept secretly, whom Cronos and his wife,Rhea begat, then Titan sixty youths,180 Together gathered, and held fast in chains,Cronos and his wife Rhea, and concealed,Them in the earth and guarded them in bonds.,And then the sons of powerful Cronos heard,,And a great war and uproar they aroused.,185 And this is the beginning of dire war,Among all mortals. For it is indeed,With mortals the prime origin of war.,And then did God award the Titans evil.,And all of Titans and of Cronos born,190 Died. But then as time rolled around there rose,The Egyptian kingdom, then that of the Persians,And of the Medes, and Ethiopians,,And of Assyria and Babylon,,And then that of the Macedonians,,195 Egyptian yet again, then that of Rome.,And then a message of the mighty God,Was set within my breast, and it bade me,Proclaim through all earth and in royal hearts,Plant things which are to be. And to my mind,200 This God imparted first, bow many kingdoms,Have been together gathered of mankind.,For first of all the house of Solomon,Shall include horsemen of Phœnicia,And Syria, and of the islands too,,205 And the race of Pamphylians and Persians,And Phrygians, Carians, and Mysians,And the race of the Lydians rich in gold.,And then shall Hellenes, proud and impure,,Then shall a Macedonian nation rule,,210 Great, shrewd, who as a fearful cloud of war,Shall come to mortals. But the God of heaven,Shall utterly destroy them from the depth.,And then shall be another kingdom, white,And many-headed, from the western sea,,215 Which shall rule much land, and shake many men,,And to all kings bring terror afterwards,,And out of many cities shall destroy,Much gold and silver; but in the vast earth,There will again be gold, and silver too,,220 And ornament. And they will oppress mortals;,And to those men shall great disaster be,,When they begin unrighteous arrogance.,And forthwith in them there shall be a force,of wickedness, male will consort with male,,225 And children they will place in dens of shame;,And in those days there shall be among men,A great affliction, and it shall disturb,All things, and break all things, and fill all things,With evils by a shameful covetousness,,230 And by ill-gotten wealth in many lands,,But most of all in Macedonia.,And it shall stir up hatred, and all guile,Shalt be with them even to the seventh kingdom,,of which a king of Egypt shall be king,235 Who shall be a descendant from the Greeks.,And then the nation of the mighty God,Shall be again strong and they shall be guides,of life to all men. But why did God place,This also in my mind to tell: what first,,240 And what next, and what evil last shall be,On all men? Which of these shall take the lead?,First on the Titans will God visit evil.,For they shall pay to mighty Cronos's sons,The penal satisfaction, since they bound,245 Both Cronos and the mother dearly loved.,Again shall there be tyrants for the Greeks,And fierce kings overweening and impure,,Adulterous and altogether bad;,And for men shall be no more rest from war.,250 And the dread Phrygians shall perish all,,And unto Troy shall evil come that day.,And to the Persians and Assyrians,Evil shall straightaway come, and to all Egypt,And Libya and the Ethiopians,,255 And to the Carians and Pamphylians–,Evil to pass from one place to another,,And to all mortals. Why now one by one,Do I speak forth? But when the first receive,Fulfillment, then straightway shall come on men,260 The second. So the very first I'll tell.,There shall an evil come to pious men,Who dwell by the great temple of Solomon,And who are progeny of righteous men.,Alike of all these also I will tell,265 The tribe and line of fathers and homeland–,All things with care, O mortal shrewd in mind.,There is a city . . . on the earth,,Ur of the Chaldees, whence there is a race,of men most righteous, to whom both good will,270 And noble deeds have ever been a care.,For they have no concern about the course,of the sun's revolution, nor the moon's,,Nor wondrous things beneath the earth, nor depth,of joy-imparting sea Oceanus,,275 Nor signs of sneezing, nor the wings of birds,,Nor soothsayers, nor wizards, nor enchanters,,Nor tricks of dull words of ventriloquists,,Neither do they astrologize with skill,28 of the Chaldeans, nor astronomize;,O For these are all deceptive, in so far,As foolish men go seeking day by day,Training their souls unto no useful work;,And then did they teach miserable men,Deceptions, whence to mortals on the earth,285 Come many evils leading them astray,From good ways and just deeds. But they have care,For righteousness and virtue, and not greed,,Which breeds unnumbered ills to mortal men,,War and unending famine. But with them,290 Just measure, both in fields and cities, holds,,Nor steal they from each other in the night,,Nor drive off herds of cattle, sheep, and goats,,Nor neighbor remove landmarks of a neighbor,,Nor any man of great wealth grieve the one,295 Less favored, nor to widows cause distress,,But rather aids them, ever helping them,With wheat and wine and oil; and always does,The rich man in the country send a share,At the time of the harvests unto them,300 That have not, but are needy, thus fulfilling,The saying of the mighty God, a hymn,In legal setting; for the Heavenly One,Finished the earth a common good for all.,Now when the people of twelve tribes depart,305 From Egypt, and with leaders sent of God,Nightly pursue their way by a pillar of fire,And during all the day by one of cloud,,For them then God a leader will appoint–,A great man, Moses, whom a princess found,310 Beside a marsh, and carried off and reared,And called her son. And at the time he came,As leader for the people whom God led,From Egypt unto the. steel) Sinai mount,,His own law God delivered them from heaven,315 Writing on two flat stones all righteous things,Which he enjoined to do; and if, perchance,,One give no heed, he must unto the law,Make satisfaction, either at men's hands,Or, if men's notice he escape, he shall,320 By ample satisfaction he destroyed.,For the Heavenly finished earth a common good,For all, and in all hearts as best gift thought.,A hundredfold from one, and thus completes,325 God's measure. But to them shall also come,Misfortune, nor do they escape from plague.,And even thou, forsaking thy fair shrine,,Shalt flee away when it becomes thy lot,To leave the holy land. And thou shalt be,330 Carried to the Assyrians, and shalt see,Young children and wives serving hostile men;,And every means of life and wealth shall perish;,And every land shall be filled up with thee,,And every sea; and everyone shall be,335 offended with thy customs; and thy land,Shall all be desert; and the altar fenced,And temple of the great God and long walls,Shall all fall to the ground, since in thy heart,The holy law of the immortal God,340 Thou didst not keep, but, erring, thou didst serve,Unseemly images, and didst not fear,The immortal Father, God of all mankind,,Nor will to honor him; but images,of mortals thou didst honor Therefore now,345 of time seven decades shall thy fruitful land,And the wonders of thy temple all be waste.,But there remains for thee a goodly end,And greatest glory, as the immortal God,Granted thee. But do thou wait and confide,350 In the great God's pure laws, when he shall lift,Thy wearied knee upright unto the light.,And then will God from heaven send a king,To judge each man in blood and light of fire.,There is a royal tribe, the race of which,355 Shall be unfailing; and as times revolve,This race shall bear rule and begin to build,God's temple new. And all the Persian kings,Shall aid with bronze and gold and well-wrought iron.,For God himself will give the holy dream,360 By night. And then the temple shall again,Be, as it was before. . . .,Now when my soul had rest from inspired song,,And I prayed the great Father for a rest,From constraint; even in my heart again,365 Was set a message of the mighty God,And he bade me proclaim through all the earth,And plant in royal minds things yet to be.,And in my mind God put this first to say,How many lamentable sufferings,370 The Immortal purposed upon Babylon,Because she his great temple had destroyed.,Alas, alas for thee! O Babylon,,And for the offspring of the Assyrian men!,Through all the earth the rush of sinful men,375 Shall some time come, and shout of mortal men,And stroke of the great God, who inspires songs,,Shall ruin every land. For high in air to thee,O Babylon, shall it come from above,,And out of heaven from holy ones to thee,380 Shall it come down, and the soul in thy children,Shall the Eternal utterly destroy.,And then shalt thou be, as thou wast before,,As one not born; and then shalt thou be filled,Again with blood, as thou thyself before,385 Didst shed that of good, just, and holy men,,Whose blood yet cries out to the lofty heaven.,To thee, O Egypt, shall a great blow come,And dreadful, to thy homes, which thou didst hope,Might never fall on thee. For through thy midst,390 A sword shall pass, and scattering and death,And famine shall prevail until of kings,The seventh generation, and then cease.,Alas for thee, O land of Gog and Magog,In the midst of the rivers of Ethiopia!,395 What pouring out of blood shalt thou receive,,And house of judgment among men be called,,And thy land of much dew shall drink black blood!,Alas for thee, O Libya, and alas,,Both sea and land! O daughters of the west,,400 So shall ye come unto a bitter day.,And ye shall come pursued by grievous strife,,Dreadful and grievous; there shall be again,A dreadful judgment, and ye all shall come,By force unto destruction, for ye tore,405 In pieces the great house of the Immortal,,And with iron teeth ye chewed it dreadfully.,Therefore shalt thou then look upon thy land,Full of the dead, some of them fallen by war,And by the demon of all violence,,410 Famine and plague, and some by barbarous foes.,And all thy land shall be a wilderness,,And desolations shall thy cities be.,And in the west there shall a star shine forth,Which they will call a comet, sign to men,415 of the sword and of famine and of death,,And murder of great leaders and chief men.,And yet again there shall be among men,Greatest signs; for deep-eddying Tanais,Shall leave Mæotis's lake, and there shall be,420 Down the deep stream a fruitful, furrow's track,,And the vast flow shall hold a neck of land.,And there are hollow chasms and yawning pits;,And many cities, men and all, shall fall:–,In Asia–Iassus, Cebren, Pandonia,,425 Colophon, Ephesus, Nicæa, Antioch,,Syagra, Sinope, Smyrna, Myrina,,Most happy Gaza, Hierapolis, .,Astypalaia; and in Europe–Tanagra,,Clitor, Basilis, Meropeia, Antigone,,430 Magnessa, Mykene, Oiantheia.,Know then that the destructive race of Egypt,Is near destruction, and the past year then,Is better for the Alexandrians.,As much of tribute as Rome did receive,435 of Asia, even thrice as many goods,Shall Asia back again from Rome receive,,And her destructive outrage pay her back.,As many as from Asia ever served,A house of the Italians, twenty times,440 As many Italians shall in Asia serve,In poverty, and numerous debts incur.,O virgin, soft rich child of Latin Rome,,oft at thy much-remembered marriage feasts,Drunken with wine, now shalt thou be a slave,445 And wedded in no honorable way.,And oft shall mistress shear thy pretty hair,,And wreaking satisfaction cast thee down,From heaven to earth, and from the earth again,Raise thee to heaven, for mortals of low rank,450 And of unrighteous life are held fast bound.,And of avenging Smyrna overthrown,There shall be no thought, but by evil plans,And wickedness of them that have command,Shall Samos be sand, Delos shall be dull,,455 And Rome a room; but the decrees of God,Shall all of them be perfectly fulfilled.,And a calm peace to Asian land shall go.,And Europe shall be happy then, well fed,,Pure air, full of years, strong, and undisturbed,460 By wintry storms and hail, bearing, all things,,Even birds and creeping things and beasts of earth.,O happy upon earth shall that man be,Or woman; what a home unspeakable,of happy ones! For from the starry heaven,465 Shall all good order come upon mankind,,And justice, and the prudent unity,Which of all things is excellent for men,,And kindness, confidence, and love of guests;,But far from them shall lawlessness depart,,470 Blame, envy, wrath, and folly; poverty,Shall flee away from men, and force shall flee,,And murder, baneful strifes and bitter feuds,,And theft, and every evil in those days.,But Macedonia shall to Asia bear,475 A grievous suffering, and the greatest sore,To Europe shall spring up from Cronian stock,,A family of bastards and of slaves.,And she shall tame fenced city Babylon,,And of each land the sun looks down upon,480 Call herself mistress, and then come to naught,By ruinous misfortunes, having fame,In later generations distant far.,And sometime into Asia's prosperous land,Shall come a man unheard of, shoulder-clad,485 With purple robe, fierce, unjust, fiery;,And this man he who wields the thunderbolt,Roused forwards; and all Asia shall sustain,An evil yoke, and her soil wet with rain,Shall drink much murder. But even so shall Hades,490 Destroy the unknown king; and that man's offspring,Shall forthwith perish by the race of those,Whose offspring he himself would fain destroy;,Producing one root which the bane of men,Shall cut from ten horns, and plant by their side,495 Another plant. A father purple-clad,Shall cut a warlike father off, and Ares,,Baneful and hostile, by a grandson's hand,Shall himself perish; and then shall the horn,Planted beside them forthwith bear the rule.,500 And unto life-sustaining Phrygia,Straightway shall there a certain token be,,When Rhea's blood-stained race, in the great earth,Blooming perennial in impervious roots,,Shall, root and branch, in one night disappear,505 With a city, men and all, of the Earth-shaker,Poseidon; which place they shall sometime call,Dorylæum, of dark ancient Phrygia,,Much-bewailed. Therefore shall that time be called,Earth-shaker; dens of earth shall he break up,510 And walls demolish. And not signs of good,But a beginning of evil shall be made;,The baneful violence of general war,Ye'll have, sons of Æneas, Dative blood,of Ilus from the soil. But afterwards,515 A spoil shalt thou become for greedy men.,O Ilium, I pity thee; for there shall bloom,In Sparta an Erinys very fair,,Ever-famed, noblest scion, and shall leave,On Asia and Europe a wide-spreading wave;,520 But to thee most of all she'll bear and cause,Wailings and toils and groans; but there shall be,Undying fame with those who are to come.,And there shall be an aged mortal then,,False writer and of doubtful native land;,525 And in his eyes the light shall fade away;,Large mind and verses measured with great skill,Shall he have and be blended with two names,,Shall call himself a Chian and shall write,of Ilium, not truthfully, indeed,,530 But skillfully; for of my verse and meters,He will be master; for he first my books,Will open with his hands; but he himself,Will much embellish helmed chiefs of war,,Hector of Priam and Achilles, son,535 of Peleus, and the others who have care,For warlike deeds. And also by their side,Will he make gods stand, empty-headed men,,False-writing every way. And it shall be,Glory the rather, widely spread, for them,540 To die at Ilium; but he himself,Shall also works of recompense receive.,Also to Lycia shall a Locrian race,Cause many evils. And thee, Chalcedon,,Holding by lot a strait of narrow sea,,545 Shall an Ætolian youth sometime despoil.,Cyzicus, also thy vast wealth the sea,Shall break off. And, Byzantium of Ares,,Thou some time shalt by Asia be laid waste,,And also groans and blood immeasurable,550 Shalt thou receive. And Cragus, lofty mount,of Lycia, from thy peaks by yawning chasms,of opened rock shall babbling water flow,,Until even Patara's oracles shall cease.,O Cyzicus, that dwellest by Propontis,555 The wine-producing, round thee Rhyndacus,Shall crash the crested billow. And thou, Rhodes,,Daughter of day, shalt long be unenslaved,,And great shall be thy happiness hereafter,,And on the sea thy power shall be supreme.,560 But afterwards a spoil shalt thou become,For greedy men, and put upon thy neck,By beauty and by wealth a fearful yoke.,A Lydian earthquake shall again despoil,The power of Persia, and most horribly,565 Shall the people of Europe and Asia suffer pain.,And Sidon's hurtful king with battle-din,Dreadful shall work a mournful overthrow,To the seafaring Samians. On the soil,Shall slain men's dark blood babble to the sea;,570 And wives together with the noble brides,Shall their outrageous insolence lament,,Some for their bridegrooms, some for fallen sons.,O sign of Cyprus, may an earthquake waste,Thy phalanxes away, and many souls,575 With one accord shall Hades bold in charge.,And Trallis near by Ephesus, and walls,Well made, and very precious wealth of men,Shall be dissolved by earthquake; and the land,Shall burst out with hot water; and the earth,580 Shall swallow down those who are by the fire,And stench of brimstone heavily oppressed.,And Samos shall in time build royal houses.,But to thee, Italy, no foreign war,Shall come, but lamentable tribal blood,585 Not easily exhausted, much renowned,,Shall make thee, impudent one, desolate.,And thou thyself beside hot ashes stretched,,As thou in thine own heart didst not foresee,,Shalt slay thyself. And thou shalt not of men,590 Be mother, but a nurse of beasts of prey.,But when from Italy shall come a man,,A spoiler, then, Laodicea, thou,,Beautiful city of the Carians,By Lycus's wondrous water, falling prone,,595 Shalt weep in silence for thy boastful sire.,Thracian Crobyzi shall rise up on Hæmus.,Chatter of teeth to the Campanians comes,Because of wasting famine; Corsica,Weeps her old father, and Sardinia,600 Shall by great storms of winter and the strokes,of a holy God sink down in ocean depths,,Great wonder to the of the sea.,Alas, alas, how many virgin maids,Will Hades wed, and of as many youths,605 Will the deep take without funeral rites!,Alas, alas, the helpless little ones,And the vast riches swimming in the sea!,O happy land of Mysians, suddenly,A royal race shall be formed. Truly now,610 Not for a long time shall Chalcedon be.,And there shall be a very bitter grief,To the Galatians. And to Tenedos,Shall there a last but greatest evil come.,And Sicyon, with strong yells, and Corinth, thou,615 Shalt boast o'er all, but flute shall sound like strain.,. . . . . . . Now, when my soul had. rest from inspired song.,Even again within my heart was set,A message of the mighty God, and he,Commanded me to prophesy on earth.,620 Woe, woe to the race of Phœnician men,And women, and all cities by the sea;,Not one of you shall in the common light,Abide before the shining of the sun,,Nor of life shall there any longer be,625 Number and tribe, because of unjust speech,And lawless life impure which they lived,,Opening a mouth impure, and fearful words,Deceitful and unrighteous forth,,And stood against the God, the King,,630 And opened loathsome month deceitfully,Therefore may he subdue them terribly,By strokes o'er all the earth, and bitter fate,Shall God send on them burning from the ground.,Cities and of the cities the foundations.,635 Woe, woe to thee, O Crete! To thee shall come,A very painful stroke, and terribly,Shall the Eternal sack thee; and again,Shall every land behold thee black with smoke,,Fire ne'er shall leave thee, but thou shalt be burned.,610 Woe, woe to thee, O Thrace! So shalt thou come,Beneath a servile yoke, when the Galatians,United with the sons of Dardanus,Rush on to ravage Hellas, thine shall be,The evil; and unto a foreign land,645 Much shalt thou give, not anything receive.,Woe to thee, Gog and Magog, and to all,,One after another, Mardians and Daians;,How many evils fate, shall bring on thee!,Woe also to the soil of Lycia,,650 And those of Mysia and Phrygia.,And many nations of Pamphylians,,And Lydians, Carians, Cappadocians,,And Ethiopian and Arabian men,of a strange tongue shall fall. How now may I,655 of each speak fitly? For on all the nations,Which dwell on earth the Highest shall send dire plague.,When now again a barbarous nation comes,Against the Greeks it shall slay many heads,of chosen men; and they shall tear in pieces,660 Many fat flocks of sheep of men, and herds,of horses and of mules and lowing kine;,And well-made houses shall they burn with fire,Lawlessly; and unto a foreign land,Shall they by force lead many slaves away,,665 And children, and deep-girded women soft,From bridal chambers creeping on before,With delicate feet; and they shall be bound fast,With fetters by their foes of foreign tongue,,Suffering all fearful outrage; and to them,670 There shall not be one to supply the toil,of battle and come to their help in life.,And they shall see their goods and all their wealth,Enrich the enemy; and there shall be,A trembling of the knees. And there shall fly,675 A hundred, and one shall destroy them all;,And five shall rout a mighty company;,But they, among themselves mixed shamefully,,Shall by war and dire tumult bring delight,To enemies, but sorrow to the Greeks.,680 And then upon all Hellas there shall be,A servile yoke; and war and pestilence,Together shall upon all mortals come.,And God will make the mighty heaven on high,Like brass and over all the earth a drought,,685 And earth itself like iron. And thereupon,Shall mortals all lament the barrenness,And lack of cultivation; and on earth,Shall he set, who created heaven and earth,,A much-distressing fire; and of all men,690 The third part only shall thereafter be.,O Greece, why hast thou trusted mortal men,As leaders, who cannot escape from death?,And wherefore bringest thou thy foolish gifts,Unto the dead and sacrifice to idols?,695 Who put the error in thy heart to do,These things and leave the face of God the mighty?,Honor the All-Father's name, and let it not,Escape thee. It is now a thousand years,,Yea, and five hundred more, since haughty kings,700 Ruled o'er the Greeks, who first to mortal men,Introduced evils, setting up for worship,Images many of gods that are dead,,Because of which ye were taught foolish thoughts.,But when the anger of the mighty God,705 Shall come upon you, then ye'll recognize,The face of God the mighty. And all souls,of men, with mighty groaning lifting up,Their hands to the broad heaven, shall begin,To call the great King helper, and to seek,710 The rescuer from great wrath who is to be.,But come and learn this and store in your hearts,,What troubles in the rolling years shall come.,And what as whole burnt-offering Hellas brought,of cows and bellowing bulls unto the temple,715 of the great God, she from ill-sounding war,And fear and pestilence shall flee away,And from the servile yoke escape again.,But until that time there shall be a race,of godless men, even when that fated day,720 Shall reach its end. For offering to God,Ye should not make till all things come to pass,,Which God alone shall purpose not in vain,To be all fulfilled; and strong force shall urge.,And there shall be again a holy race,725 of godly men who, keeping to the counsels,And mind of the Most High, shall honor much,The great God's temple with drink-offerings,,Burnt-offerings, and holy hecatombs,,With sacrifices of fat bulls, choice rams,,730 Firstlings of sheep and the fat thighs of lambs,,Sacredly offering whole burnt-offerings,On the great altar. And in righteousness,,Having obtained the law of the Most High,,Blest shall they dwell in cities and rich fields.,735 And prophets shall be set on high for them,By the Immortal, bringing great delight,Unto all mortals. For to them alone,The mighty God his gracious counsel gave,And faith and noblest thought within their hearts;,740 They have not by vain things been led astray,,Nor pay they honor to the works of men,Made of gold, brass, silver, and ivory,,Nor statues of dead gods of wood and stone,Besmeared clay, figures of the painter's art,,745 And all that empty-minded mortals will;,But they lift up their pure arms unto heaven,,Rise from the couch at daybreak, always hands,With water cleanse, and honor only Him,Who is immortal and who ever rules,,750 And then their parents; and above all men,Do they respect the lawful marriage-bed;,And they have not base intercourse with boys,,As do Phœnicians, Latins, and Egyptians,And spacious Greece, and nations many more,755 of Persians and Galatians and all Asia,,Transgressing the immortal God's pure law,Which they were under. Therefore on all men,Will the Immortal put bane, famine, pains,,Groans, war, and pestilence and mournful woes;,760 Because they would not honor piously,The immortal Sire of all men, but revered,And worshiped idols made with hands, which things,Mortals themselves will cast down and for shame,Conceal in clefts of rocks, when a young king,,765 The seventh of Egypt, shall rule his own land,,Reckoned from the dominion of the Greeks,,Which countless Macedonian men shall rule;,And there shall come from Asia a great king,,fiery eagle, who with foot and horse,770 Shall cover all the land, cut up all things,,And fill all things with evils; he will cast,The Egyptian kingdom down; and taking off,All its possessions carry them away,Over the spacious surface of the sea.,775 And then shall they before, the mighty God,,The King immortal, bend the fair white knee,On the much-nourishing earth; and all the works,Made with hands shall fall by a flame of fire.,And then will God bestow great joy on men;,780 For land and trees and countless flocks of sheep,Their genuine fruit to men shall offer–wine,,And the sweet honey, and white milk, and wheat,,Which is for mortals of all things the best.,But thou, O mortal full of various wiles,,485 Do not delay and loiter, but do thou,,Tossed to and fro, turn and propitiate God.,offer to God Your hecatombs of bulls,And firstling lambs and goats, as times revolve.,But him propitiate, the immortal God,,490 If haply he show mercy. For he is,The only God, and other there is none.,And honor justice and oppress no man.,For these things the Immortal doth enjoin,On miserable men. But do thou heed,795 The cause of the wrath of the mighty God,,When on all mortals there shall come the height,of pestilence and conquered they shall meet,A fearful judgment, and king shall seize king,And wrest his land away, and nations bring,800 Ruin on nations and lords plunder tribes,,And chiefs all flee into another land,,And the land change its men, and foreign rule,Ravage all Hellas and drain the rich land.,of its wealth, and to strife among themselves,805 Because of gold and silver they shall come–,The love of gain an evil shepherdess,Will be for cities–in a foreign land.,And they shall all be without burial,,And vultures and wild beasts of earth shall spoil,810 Their flesh; and when these things are brought to pass,,Vast earth shall waste the relics of the dead.,And all unsown shall it be and unplowed,,Proclaiming sad the filth of men defiled,Many lengths of time in the revolving years,,815 And shields and javelins and all sorts of arms;,Nor shall the forest wood be cut for fire.,And then shall God send from the East a king,,Who shall make all earth cease from evil war,,Killing some, others binding with strong oaths.,820 And he will not by his own counsels do,All these things, but obey the good decrees,of God the mighty. And with goodly wealth,,With gold and silver and purple ornament,,The temple of the mighty God again,825 Shall be weighed down; and the full-bearing earth,And the sea shall be filled full of good things.,And kings against each other shall begin,To hold ill will, in heart abetting evils.,Envy is not a good to wretched men.,830 But again kings of nations on this land,Shall rush in masses, bringing on themselves,Destruction; for they'll purpose to despoil,The great God's temple and the noblest men.,What time they reach the land, polluted kings,835 Shall set around the city each his throne,And have his people that obey not God.,And then shall God speak with a mighty voice,To all rude people of an empty mind,,And judgment from the mighty God shall come,840 Upon them, and they all shall be destroyed,By his immortal arm. And fiery swords,Shall fall front heaven on earth; and great bright lights,Shall come down flaming in the midst of men.,And in those days shall earth, all-mother, reel,845 By his immortal arm, and shoals of fish,In the deep sea, and all wild, beasts of earth,,And countless tribes of winged fowl, and all,The souls of men and every sea shall tremble,Before the face of the Immortal One,,850 And there shall be dismay. High mountain peaks,And monstrous hills shall he asunder break,,And to all shall dark Erebus appear.,And misty gorges in the lofty hills,Shall be full of the dead; and rocks shall stream,855 With blood and every torrent fill the plain.,And well-built walls of evil-minded men,Shall all fall to the earth, since they knew not,The law nor judgment of the mighty God,,But with a senseless soul all hurried on,860 Against the temple and raised up their spears.,And God shall judge all by war and by sword,And by fire and by overwhelming storm;,And brimstone there shall be from heaven, and stones,And great and grievous hail; and death shall come,865 Upon the quadrupeds. And then shall they,Know God, the Immortal, who performs these things;,And wailing, and upon the boundless earth,Shall be at once a shout of perishing men;,And all the unholy shall be bathed in blood;,870 And earth herself shall also drink the blood,of the perishing, and beasts be gorged with flesh.,And all these things the great eternal God,Himself bade me proclaim. And that shall not,Be unaccomplished, or be unfulfilled,,875 Whatever only in my heart he put;,For truthful is God's spirit in the world.,But children of the mighty God shall all,Again around the temple live in peace,,Rejoicing in those things which he shall give,880 Who is Creator, righteous Judge and King.,For he himself, great, present far and wide,,Shall be a shelter, as on all sides round,A wall of flaming fire. And they shall be,In cities and in country without war.,885 For not the hand of evil war, but rather,The Immortal shall himself be their defender,And the hand of the Holy One. And then shall all,The islands and the cities tell how much,The immortal God loves those men; for all things,890 Help them in conflict and deliver them,Heaven, and divinely fashioned sun, and moon.,And in those days shall earth, all-mother, reel.,Sweet word shall they send from their mouths in hymns:,“Come, falling on the earth let us all pray,895 The immortal King, and great eternal God.,To the temple let its in procession go,,Since he alone is Lord; and let us all,Meditate on the law of God most high,,Which is most righteous of all (laws) on earth.,900 And from the path of the Immortal we,Have wandered and with senseless soul we honor,Works made by hand and wooden images,of dead men.” These things souls of faithful melt,Shall cry out: “Come, having, at the house of God,905 Fallen on our faces, let its with our hymns,Make joy to God the Father at our homes,,Supplied through all our land with arms of foes,Seven lengths of time in the revolving years;,Even shields and helmets and all sorts of arms,,910 And a great store of bows and arrows barbed;,For forest wood shall not be cut for,But, wretched Hellas, stop thy arrogance,And be wise; and entreat the Immortal One,Magimous, and be upon thy guard.,915 Send now against this city yet again,The people inconsiderate, who are come,Out of the holy land of the mighty One.,Do not move Camarina; for 'tis better,She be unmoved; a leopard from the lair,,920 Do thou not let an evil meet with thee.,But keep off, do not hold within thy breast,An arrogant and overbearing soul,,Ready for mighty contest. And serve God,The mighty, that thou mayest share those things;,925 And when that fated day shall reach its end,And judgment of the immortal God shall come,To mortals, judgment great and power shall come,Upon men. For all-mother earth shall yield,To mortals best fruit boundless, wheat, wine, oil;,930 Also from heaven a delightful drink,of honey and trees shall give their fruit,,And fatted sheep and cattle there shall be,,Young lambs and kids of goats; earth shall break forth,With sweet springs of white milk; and of good things,935 The cities shall be full and fat the fields;,Nor sword nor uproar shall be on the earth;,No more shall earth groan heavily and quake,Nor shall war longer be on earth, nor drought,Nor famine, nor the fruit-destroying hail;,940 But great peace, shall be upon all the earth,,And king to king be friend until the end,of the age, and o'er all earth common law,Will the Immortal in the starry heaven,Perfect for men, touching whatever things,945 Have been by miserable mortals done;,For he alone is God, there is no other;,And the stern rage of men he'll burn with fire.,But change entirely the thoughts in thy heart,,And flee unrighteous worship; serve the One,950 Who liveth; guard against adultery,And deeds of lewdness; thine own offspring rear,And do not murder; for the Immortal One,Is angry with him who in these things sins.,And then a kingdom over all mankind,955 Shall he raise up for ages, who once gave,Holy law to the pious, unto whom,He pledged to open every land, the world,And portals of the blessed, and all joys,,And mind immortal and eternal bliss.,960 And out of every land unto the house,of the great God shall they bring frankincense,And gifts, and there shall be no other house,To be inquired of by men yet to be,,But what God gave for faithful men to honor;,965 For mortal temple of the mighty God,Shall call it. And all pathways of the plain,And rough hills and high mountains and wild waves,of the deep shall be easy in those days,For crossing and for sailing; for all peace,970 On the land of the good shall come; and sword,Shall prophets of the mighty God remove;,For they are judges and the righteous kings,of mortals. And there shall be righteous wealth,Among mankind; for of the mighty God,975 This is the judgment and also the power.,Be of good cheer, O maiden, and be glad;,For he who made the heaven and earth gave thee,Joy in thy age. And he will dwell in thee;,And thine shall be immortal and wolves,980 And lambs shall in the mountains feed on grass,Together, and with kids shall leopards graze;,And bears shall lodge among the pasturing calves;,And the carnivorous lion shall eat chaff,At the manger like the cow; and little children,985 In bonds shall lead them; for he will make beasts,Helpless on earth. With babes shall fall asleep,Serpents, along with asps, and do no harm;,For over them shall be the hand of God.,Now tell I thee a sign exceeding clear,,990 That thou may'st know when the end of all things,On earth shall be. When in the starry heaven,Swords shall by night point straight toward west and east,,Straightway shalt there be also from the heaven,A cloud of dust borne forth to all the earth,,995 And the sun's brightness in the midst of heaven,Shall be eclipsed, and the moon's beams appear,And come again on earth; by drops of blood,Distilling from the rocks a sign shalt be;,And in the cloud shalt ye behold a war,1000 of foot and horse, like the chase of wild beasts,In the dense fog. This end of all things God,Shalt consummate, whose dwelling is in heaven.,But all must sacrifice to the great King.,These things I show thee, I who madly left,1005 The long walls of Assyrian Babylon,For Hellas to proclaim to all the wrath,of God, fire sent. . . .,. . . . . . . And that I might to mortals prophesy,of mysteries divine. And men shalt say,1010 In Hellas that I am of foreign Land,,of Erythre born, shameless; others say,That I'm a Sibyl, born of mother Circe,And father Gnostos raving mad and false;,But at that time when all thing come to pass,1015 Ye shall remember me, and no one more,Shall call me mad, the great God's prophetess,,For he showed me what happened formerly,To my ancestors; what things were the first,Those God made known to me; and in my mind,1020 Did God put all things to be afterwards,,That I might prophesy of things to come,,And things that were, and tell them unto men.,For when the world was deluged with a flood,of waters, and one man of good repute,1025 Alone was left and in a wooden house,Sailed o'er the waters with the beasts and birds,,In order that the world might be refilled,,I was his son's bride and was of his race,To whom the first things happened, and the last,1030 Were all made known; and thus from mine own mouth,Let all these truthful things remain declared." '3.795 795 The cause of the wrath of the mighty God, 3.796 When on all mortals there shall come the height 3.797 of pestilence and conquered they shall meet 3.798 A fearful judgment, and king shall seize king 3.799 And wrest his land away, and nations bring 3.800 800 Ruin on nations and lords plunder tribes, 3.801 And chiefs all flee into another land, 3.802 And the land change its men, and foreign rule 3.803 Ravage all Hellas and drain the rich land. 3.804 of its wealth, and to strife among themselve 3.805 805 Because of gold and silver they shall come– 3.806 The love of gain an evil shepherde 3.807 Will be for cities–in a foreign land. 3.808 And they shall all be without burial,'' None
50. Ovid, Fasti, 1.277-1.282, 1.482-1.483, 1.527-1.528, 1.530, 1.536, 1.637-1.652, 1.712, 5.7-5.8, 6.637-6.638, 6.648 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aeneas, exile • Ovid, philosophical failure in exile • Rome, city of exiles • Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus, exile of • Tiberius, his self-imposed exile on Rhodes • exile (relegation), as context for creation of works • exile poetry of Ovid • exile, of Julia Younger • exile, of Julia the Elder • exile, of Julia the Younger • exile, of Ovid • exile, of Tiberius

 Found in books: Erker (2023), Ambiguity and Religion in Ovid’s Fasti: Religious Innovation and the Imperial Family, 1, 37, 46, 69, 79, 80, 96, 127, 208; Fielding (2017), Transformations of Ovid in Late Antiquity. 59; Johnson (2008), Ovid before Exile: Art and Punishment in the Metamorphoses, 72; Pasco-Pranger (2006), Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar 195; Rutledge (2012), Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting, 267; Williams and Vol (2022), Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher, 311, 323, 324

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1.277 at cur pace lates motisque recluderis armis? 1.278 nec mora, quaesiti reddita causa mihi est: 1.279 ‘ut populo reditus pateant ad bella profecto, 1.280 tota patet dempta ianua nostra sera. 1.281 pace fores obdo, ne qua discedere possit; 1.282 Caesareoque diu numine elusus ero.’
1.482
sed deus; offenso pulsus es urbe deo. 1.483 non meriti poenam pateris, sed numinis iram:
1.527
iam pius Aeneas sacra et, sacra altera, patrem 1.528 adferet: Iliacos accipe, Vesta, deos!
1.530
et fient ipso sacra colente deo,
1.536
sic Augusta novum Iulia numen erit.’
1.637
Candida, te niveo posuit lux proxima templo, 1.638 qua fert sublimes alta Moneta gradus: 1.639 nunc bene prospicies Latiam, Concordia, turbam, 1.640 nunc te sacratae constituere manus. 1.641 Furius antiquam populi superator Etrusci 1.642 voverat et voti solverat ille fidem, 1.643 causa, quod a patribus sumptis secesserat armis 1.644 volgus, et ipsa suas Roma timebat opes. 1.645 causa recens melior: passos Germania crines 1.646 porrigit auspiciis, dux venerande, tuis; 1.647 inde triumphatae libasti munera gentis 1.648 templaque fecisti, quam colis ipse, deae. 1.649 hanc tua constituit genetrix et rebus et ara, 1.650 sola toro magni digna reperta Iovis. 17. AC 18. BC 19. CC 20 DC I 21. EC 22. FC 23. GC 1.651 Haec ubi transierint, Capricorno, Phoebe, relicto 1.652 per iuvenis curres signa gerentis aquam.
1.712
Pax, ades et toto mitis in orbe mane.
5.7
dicite, quae fontes Aganippidos Hippocrenes 5.8 grata Medusaei signa tenetis equi.
6.637
Te quoque magnifica, Concordia, dedicat aede 6.638 Livia, quam caro praestitit ipsa viro.
6.648
cum iudex, alios quod monet, ipse facit.'' None
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1.277 ‘But why hide in peace, and open your gates in war?’ 1.278 He swiftly gave me the answer that I sought: 1.279 ‘My unbarred gate stands open wide, so that when 1.280 The people go to war the return path’s open too.’ 1.281 I bar it in peacetime so peace cannot depart: 1.282 And by Caesar’s will I shall be long closed.’
1.482
But a god: an offended god expelled you from the city. 1.483 You’re not suffering rightful punishment, but divine anger:
1.527
Sacred father here: Vesta, receive the gods of Troy! 1.528 In time the same hand will guard the world and you,
1.530
The safety of the country will lie with Augustus’ house:
1.536
When she had brought her tale to our own times,
1.637
Near where lofty Moneta lifts her noble stairway: 1.638 Concord, you will gaze on the Latin crowd’s prosperity, 1.639 Now sacred hands have established you. 1.640 Camillus, conqueror of the Etruscan people, 1.641 Vowed your ancient temple and kept his vow. 1.642 His reason was that the commoners had armed themselves, 1.643 Seceding from the nobles, and Rome feared their power. 1.644 This latest reason was a better one: revered Leader, Germany 1.645 offered up her dishevelled tresses, at your command: 1.646 From that, you dedicated the spoils of a defeated race, 1.647 And built a shrine to the goddess that you yourself worship. 1.648 A goddess your mother honoured by her life, and by an altar, 1.649 She alone worthy to share great Jupiter’s couch. 1.650 When this day is over, Phoebus, you will leave Capricorn, 1.651 And take your course through the sign of the Water-Bearer. 1.652 Seven days from now when the sun sinks in the waves,
1.712
While we lack enemies, or cause for triumphs:
5.7
You who haunt the founts of Aganippian Hippocrene, 5.8 Those beloved prints of the Medusaean horse, explain!
6.637
His father showed his paternity by touching the child’ 6.638 Head with fire, and a cap of flames glowed on his hair.
6.648
Destroying its great wealth to which he was heir.'' None
51. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.1-1.4, 2.216-2.225, 2.237-2.259, 3.253, 8.310, 15.871-15.879 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aeneas, exile • Ausonius, exiled Ovid, comparison to • Dracontius, Ovidian exile • Exile • Muses, exiled Ovid’s love/hate relationship with • Ovid, exile • Ovid, exile as living death • Ovid, exilic eschatology • Ovid, language of guilt but non-criminality in exile • Ovid, philosophical failure in exile • Paulinus of Nola, exiled Ovid, comparison to • Rome, city of exiles • Rutilius Namatianus, Ovidian exile • exile • exile (relegation), as context for creation of works • exile (relegation), as political instrument • exile (relegation), as silencing • exile (relegation), works removed from libraries as part of • exile poetry of Ovid • politics, exile as political instrument

 Found in books: Erker (2023), Ambiguity and Religion in Ovid’s Fasti: Religious Innovation and the Imperial Family, 244; Fielding (2017), Transformations of Ovid in Late Antiquity. 42, 43, 47, 50, 61, 121, 131; Goldschmidt (2019), Biofiction and the Reception of Latin Poetry, 33; Johnson (2008), Ovid before Exile: Art and Punishment in the Metamorphoses, 20, 122, 123; Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 241; Mawford and Ntanou (2021), Ancient Memory: Remembrance and Commemoration in Graeco-Roman Literature, 3, 239; Skempis and Ziogas (2014), Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic 339, 363, 364; Williams and Vol (2022), Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher, 297, 326, 328, 329

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1.1 In nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas 1.2 corpora; di, coeptis (nam vos mutastis et illas) 1.3 adspirate meis primaque ab origine mundi 1.4 ad mea perpetuum deducite tempora carmen.
2.216
in cinerem vertunt. Silvae cum montibus ardent, 2.217 ardet Athos Taurusque Cilix et Tmolus et Oete 2.218 et tum sicca, prius creberrima fontibus, Ide, 2.219 virgineusque Helicon et nondum Oeagrius Haemus; 2.220 ardet in inmensum geminatis ignibus Aetna 2.221 Parnasusque biceps et Eryx et Cynthus et Othrys, 2.222 et tandem nivibus Rhodope caritura, Mimasque 2.223 Dindymaque et Mycale natusque ad sacra Cithaeron. 2.224 Nec prosunt Scythiae sua frigora: Caucasus ardet 2.225 Ossaque cum Pindo maiorque ambobus Olympus
2.237
Tum facta est Libye raptis umoribus aestu 2.238 arida, tum nymphae passis fontesque lacusque 2.239 deflevere comis: quaerit Boeotia Dircen, 2.240 Argos Amymonen, Ephyre Pirenidas undas. 2.241 Nec sortita loco distantes flumina ripas 2.242 tuta manent: mediis Tanais fumavit in undis 2.243 Peneusque senex Teuthranteusque Caicus 2.244 et celer Ismenos cum Phegiaco Erymantho 2.245 arsurusque iterum Xanthus flavusque Lycormas, 2.246 quique recurvatis ludit Maeandrus in undis. 2.247 Mygdoniusque Melas et Taenarius Eurotas. 2.248 Arsit et Euphrates Babylonius, arsit Orontes 2.249 Thermodonque citus Gangesque et Phasis et Hister. 2.250 Aestuat Alpheus, ripae Spercheides ardent, 2.251 quodque suo Tagus amne vehit, fluit ignibus aurum, 2.252 et quae Maeonias celebrabant carmine ripas 2.253 flumineae volucres, medio caluere Caystro. 2.254 Nilus in extremum fugit perterritus orbem 2.255 occuluitque caput, quod adhuc latet: ostia septem 2.256 pulverulenta vacant, septem sine flumine valles. 2.257 Fors eadem Ismarios Hebrum cum Strymone siccat 2.258 Hesperiosque amnes Rhenum Rhodanumque Padumque, 2.259 cuique fuit rerum promissa potentia, Thybrin.
8.310
cumque Pheretiade et Hyanteo Iolao
15.871
Iamque opus exegi, quod nec Iovis ira nec ignis 15.872 nec poterit ferrum nec edax abolere vetustas. 15.874 ius habet, incerti spatium mihi finiat aevi: 15.875 parte tamen meliore mei super alta perennis 15.876 astra ferar, nomenque erit indelebile nostrum, 15.877 quaque patet domitis Romana potentia terris, 15.878 ore legar populi, perque omnia saecula fama, 15.879 siquid habent veri vatum praesagia, vivam.' ' None
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1.1 My soul is wrought to sing of forms transformed 1.2 to bodies new and strange! Immortal God 1.3 inspire my heart, for ye have changed yourselve 1.4 and all things you have changed! Oh lead my song
2.216
actaeon of Hyantis kindly thus;
2.216
the world beneath thy safe and wondering gaze.” 2.217 “Our nets and steel are stained with slaughtered game, 2.218 and in the light-made chariot lightly stood: 2.218 the day has filled its complement of sport; 2.219 and he rejoiced, and with the reins in hand 2.219 now, when Aurora in her saffron car 2.220 brings back the light of day, we may again 2.220 thanked his reluctant parent. 2.221 repair to haunts of sport. Now Phoebus hang 2.222 Eous, Aethon, Pyrois and Phlegon, 2.222 in middle sky, cleaving the fields with heat.— 2.223 enough of toil; take down the knotted nets.”— 2.223 the winged horses of the Sun, gave vent 2.224 all did as he commanded; and they sought 2.224 to flame-like neighs that filled the shaking air; 2.225 their needed rest. 2.225 they pawed the barriers with their shining hoofs.
2.237
into a clear pool edged with tender grass.
2.237
leaped lightly in the air, and in the height 2.238 Here, when a-wearied with exciting sport, 2.238 was tossed unsteady as an empty shell. 2.239 the Sylvan goddess loved to come and bathe 2.240 her virgin beauty in the crystal pool. 2.240 impetuous, they left the beaten track; 2.241 regardless of all order and control; 2.242 and Phaethon filled with fear, knew not to guide 2.242 he gave her javelin, quiver and her bow 2.243 to one accustomed to the care of arms; 2.243 with trusted reins, nor where the way might be— 2.244 he gave her mantle to another nymph 2.244 nor, if he knew, could he control their flight. 2.245 who stood near by her as she took it off; 2.246 the gelid Triones attempted vain 2.246 two others loosed the sandals from her feet; 2.247 but Crocale, the daughter of Ismenus, 2.247 to bathe in seas forbid: the Serpent cold 2.248 and torpid by the frozen Pole, too cold 2.248 more skillful than her sisters, gathered up 2.249 for contest, warmed, and rage assumed from heat' "2.249 the goddess' scattered tresses in a knot;—" '2.250 bootes, troubled by the heat, took flight, 2.250 her own were loosely wantoned on the breeze. 2.251 impeded by his wain. 2.252 and poured it forth, the cloud-nymph Nephele, 2.253 of utmost height unhappy Phaethon 2.253 the nymph of crystal pools called Hyale, 2.254 beheld the earth receding from his view, 2.254 the rain-drop Rhanis, Psecas of the dews, 2.255 a pallor spread his cheeks with sudden fear; 2.255 and Phyale the guardian of their urns. 2.256 And while they bathed Diana in their streams, 2.256 his knees began to quake; and through the flare 2.257 Actaeon, wandering through the unknown woods, 2.257 of vast effulgence darkness closed his eyes. 2.258 Now vainy he regrets he ever touched 2.258 entered the precincts of that sacred grove;' "2.259 his father's steeds, and he is stunned with grief" '2.259 with steps uncertain wandered he as fate
8.310
and by his playfulness retard the work
15.871
that I should pass my life in exile than 15.872 be seen a king throned in the capitol.”' "15.873 While this was happening, they began to seek,for one who could endure the weight of such,a task and could succeed a king so great;,and Fame, the harbinger of truth, destined,illustrious Numa for the sovereign power.,It did not satisfy his heart to know,only the Sabine ceremonials,,and he conceived in his expansive mind,much greater views, examining the depth,and cause of things. His country and his cares,forgotten, this desire led him to visit,the city that once welcomed Hercules .,Numa desired to know what founder built,a Grecian city on Italian shores.,One of the old inhabitants, who was well,acquainted with past history, replied:,turned from the ocean and with favoring wind,'Tis said he landed on Lacinian shores.,And, while the herd strayed in the tender grass,,he visited the house, the friendly home,,of far-famed Croton . There he rested from,his arduous labors. At the time of his,departure, he said, ‘Here in future days,hall be a city of your numerous race.’,The passing years have proved the promise true,,for Myscelus, choosing that site, marked out,a city's walls. Argive Alemon's son,,of all men in his generation, he,was most acceptable to the heavenly gods.,Bending over him once at dawn, while he,was overwhelmed with drowsiness of sleep,,the huge club-bearer Hercules addressed,him thus: ‘Come now, desert your native shores.,Go quickly to the pebbly flowing stream,of distant Aesar.’ And he threatened ill,in fearful words, unless he should obey.,Alemon's son, arising from his couch,,pondered his recent vision thoughtfully,,with his conclusions at cross purposes.—,the god commanded him to quit that land,,the laws forbade departure, threatening death,to all who sought to leave their native land.,his shining head, and darkest Night had then,put forth her starry face; and at that time,it seemed as if the same god Hercules,was present and repeating his commands,,threatening still more and graver penalties,,if he should fail to obey. Now sore afraid,he set about to move his household gods,to a new settlement, but rumors then,followed him through the city, and he was,accused of holding statutes in contempt.,when his offense was evidently proved,,even without a witness. Then he raised,his face and hands up to the gods above,and suppliant in neglected garb, exclaimed,,‘Oh mighty Hercules , for whom alone,the twice six labors gave the privilege,of heavenly residence, give me your aid,,for you were the true cause of my offence.’,to vote with chosen pebbles, white and black.,The white absolved, the black condemned the man.,And so that day the fateful votes were given—:,all cast into the cruel urn were black!,Soon as that urn inverted poured forth all,the pebbles to be counted, every one,was changed completely from its black to white,,and so the vote adjudged him innocent.,By that most fortunate aid of Hercules,he was exempted from the country's law.,with favoring wind sailed on the Ionian sea,,past Sallentine Neretum, Sybaris ,,Spartan Tarentum, and the Sirine Bay,,Crimisa, and on beyond the Iapygian fields.,Then, skirting shores which face these lands, he found,the place foretold the river Aesar's mouth,,and found not far away a burial mound,which covered with its soil the hallowed bones,of Croton .—There, upon the appointed land,,he built up walls—and he conferred the name,of Croton, who was there entombed, on his,new city, which has ever since been called,Crotona .” By tradition it is known,uch strange deeds caused that city to be built,,by men of Greece upon the Italian coast.,Here lived a man, by birth a Samian.,He had fled from Samos and the ruling class,,a voluntary exile, for his hate,against all tyranny. He had the gift,of holding mental converse with the gods,,who live far distant in the highth of heaven;,and all that Nature has denied to man,and human vision, he reviewed with eyes,of his enlightened soul. And, when he had,examined all things in his careful mind,with watchful study, he released his thoughts,to knowledge of the public.,to crowds of people, silent and amazed,,while he revealed to them the origin,of this vast universe, the cause of things,,what is nature, what a god, whence came the snow,,the cause of lightning—was it Jupiter,or did the winds, that thundered when the cloud,was rent asunder, cause the lightning flash?,What shook the earth, what laws controlled the stars,as they were moved—and every hidden thing,he was the first man to forbid the use,of any animal's flesh as human food,,he was the first to speak with learned lips,,though not believed in this, exhorting them.—,pollution of your bodies with such food,,for there are grain and good fruits which bear down,the branches by their weight, and ripened grapes,upon the vines, and herbs—those sweet by nature,and those which will grow tender and mellow with,a fire, and flowing milk is not denied,,nor honey, redolent of blossoming thyme.,affording dainties without slaughter, death,,and bloodshed. Dull beasts delight to satisfy,their hunger with torn flesh; and yet not all:,horses and sheep and cattle live on grass.,But all the savage animals—the fierce,Armenian tigers and ferocious lions,,and bears, together with the roving wolves—,delight in viands reeking with warm blood.,vitals in vitals gorged, one greedy body,fattening with plunder of another's flesh,,a living being fed on another's life!,In that abundance, which our Earth, the best,of mothers, will afford have you no joy,,unless your savage teeth can gnaw,the piteous flesh of some flayed animal,to reenact the Cyclopean crime?,And can you not appease the hungry void—,the perverted craving of a stomach's greed,,unless you first destroy another life?,of ‘Golden,’ was so blest in fruit of trees,,and in the good herbs which the earth produced,that it never would pollute the mouth with blood.,The birds then safely moved their wings in air,,the timid hares would wander in the fields,with no fear, and their own credulity,had not suspended fishes from the hook.,All life was safe from treacherous wiles,,fearing no injury, a peaceful world.,(it does not matter who it might have been),envied the ways of lions and gulped into,his greedy paunch stuff from a carcass vile.,He opened the foul paths of wickedness.,It may be that in killing beasts of prey,our steel was for the first time warmed with blood.,And that could be defended, for I hold,that predatory creatures which attempt,destruction of mankind, are put to death,without evasion of the sacred laws:,but, though with justice they are put to death,,that cannot be a cause for eating them.,was thought to have deserved death as the first,of victims, for with her long turned-up snout,he spoiled the good hope of a harvest year.,The ravenous goat, that gnawed a sprouting vine,,was led for slaughter to the altar fires,of angry Bacchus. It was their own fault,that surely caused the ruin of those two.,harmless and useful for the good of man,with nectar in full udders? Their soft wool,affords the warmest coverings for our use,,their life and not their death would help us more.,Why have the oxen of the field deserved,a sad end—innocent, without deceit,,and harmless, without guile, born to endure,hard labor? Without gratitude is he,,unworthy of the gift of harvest fields,,who, after he relieved his worker from,weight of the curving plow could butcher him,,could sever with an axe that toil worn neck,,by which so often with hard work the ground,had been turned up, so many harvests reared.,For some, even crimes like these are not enough,,they have imputed to the gods themselves,abomination—they believe a god,in heaven above, rejoices at the death,of a laborious ox.,of blemish and most beautiful in form,(perfection brings destruction) is adorned,with garlands and with gilded horns before,the altar. In his ignorance he hears,one praying, and he sees the very grain,he labored to produce, fixed on his head,between the horns, and felled, he stains with blood,the knife which just before he may have seen,reflected in clear water. Instantly,they snatch out entrails from his throbbing form,,and seek in them intentions of the gods.,Then, in your lust for a forbidden food,you will presume to batten on his flesh,,O race of mortals! Do not eat such food!,Give your attention to my serious words;,and, when you next present the slaughtered flesh,of oxen to your palates, know and feel,that you gnaw your fellow tillers of the soil.,I will obey the god who urges me,,and will disclose to you the heavens above,,and I will even reveal the oracles,of the Divine Will. I will sing to you,of things most wonderful, which never were,investigated by the intellects,of ancient times and things which have been long,concealed from man. In fancy I delight,to float among the stars or take my stand,on mighty Atlas' shoulders, and to look,afar down on men wandering here and there—,afraid in life yet dreading unknown death,,and in these words exhort them and reveal,the sequence of events ordained by fate!,alarms of icy death, afraid of Styx,,fearful of moving shadows and empty names—,of subjects harped on by the poets' tales,,the fabled perils of a fancied life?,Whether the funeral pile consumes your flesh,with hot flames, or old age dissolves it with,a gradual wasting power, be well assured,the body cannot meet with further ill.,And souls are all exempt from power of death.,When they have left their first corporeal home,,they always find and live in newer homes.,that in the days of the great Trojan War,,I was Euphorbus, son of Panthous.,In my opposing breast was planted then,the heavy spear-point of the younger son,of Atreus. Not long past I recognised,the shield, once burden of my left arm, where,it hung in Juno 's temple at ancient Argos ,,the realm of Abas. Everything must change:,but nothing perishes. The moving soul,may wander, coming from that spot to this,,from this to that—in changed possession live,in any limbs whatever. It may pass,from beasts to human bodies, and again,to those of beasts. The soul will never die,,in the long lapse of time. As pliant wax,is moulded to new forms and does not stay,as it has been nor keep the self same form,yet is the selfsame wax, be well assured,the soul is always the same spirit, though,it passes into different forms. Therefore,,that natural love may not be vanquished by,unnatural craving of the appetite,,I warn you, stop expelling kindred souls,by deeds abhorrent as cold murder.—Let,not blood be nourished with its kindred blood!,and I have given my full sails to the wind,,nothing in all the world remains unchanged.,All things are in a state of flux, all shapes,receive a changing nature. Time itself,glides on with constant motion, ever as,a flowing river. Neither river nor,the fleeting hour can stop its constant course.,But, as each wave drives on a wave, as each,is pressed by that which follows, and must press,on that before it, so the moments fly,,and others follow, so they are renewed.,The moment which moved on before is past,,and that which was not, now exists in Time,,and every one comes, goes, and is replaced.,on to the dawn, then brilliant light of day,ucceeds the dark night. There is not the same,appearance in the heavens,: when all things,for weariness are resting in vast night,,as when bright Lucifer rides his white steed.,And only think of that most glorious change,,when loved Aurora, Pallas' daughter, comes,before the day and tints the world, almost,delivered to bright Phoebus. Even the disk,of that god, rising from beneath the earth,,is of a ruddy color in the dawn,and ruddy when concealed beneath the world.,When highest, it is a most brilliant white,,for there the ether is quite purified,,and far away avoids infection from,impurities of earth. Diana's form,at night remains not equal nor the same!,'Tis less today than it will be tomorrow,,if she is waxing; greater, if she wanes.,four seasons, imitating human life:,in early Spring it has a nursling's ways,resembling infancy, for at that time,the blade is shooting and devoid of strength.,Its flaccid substance swelling gives delight,,to every watching husbandman, alive,in expectation. Then all things are rich,in blossom, and the genial meadow smiles,with tints of blooming flowers; but not as yet,is there a sign of vigor in the leaves.,it passes into Summer, and its youth,becomes robust. Indeed of all the year,the Summer is most vigorous and most,abounds with glowing and life-giving warmth.,removed, that ripe and mellow time succeeds,between youth and old age, and a few white hairs,are sprinkled here and there upon his brow.,follows, repulsive, strips of graceful locks,or white with those he has retained so long.,we are not now what we were yesterday,or we shall be tomorrow. And there was,a time when we were only seeds of man,,mere hopes that lived within a mother's womb.,But Nature changed us with her skilfull touch,,determined that our bodies should not be,held in such narrow room, below the entrails,in our distended parent; and in time,he brought us forth into the vacant air.,Then on all fours he lifts his body up,,feeling his way, like any young wild beast,,and then by slow degrees he stands upright,,weak-kneed and trembling, steadied by support,of some convenient prop. And soon more strong,and swift he passes through the hours of youth,,and, when the years of middle age are past,,lides down the steep path of declining age.,of former years: and Milon, now grown old,,weeps, when he sees his arms, which once were firm,with muscles big as those of Hercules,,hang flabby at his side: and Helen weeps,,when in the glass she sees her wrinkled face,,and wonders why two heroes fell in love,and carried her away.—O Time,,devourer of all things, and envious Age,,together you destroy all that exists,and, slowly gnawing, bring on lingering death.,do not endure. Now listen well to me,,and I will show the ways in which they change.,four elemental parts. And two of these,are heavy—earth and water—and are borne,downwards by weight. The other two devoid,of weight, are air and—even lighter—fire:,and, if these two are not constrained, they seek,the higher regions. These four elements,,though far apart in space, are all derived,from one another. Earth dissolves,as flowing water! Water, thinned still more,,departs as wind and air; and the light air,,till losing weight, sparkles on high as fire.,But they return, along their former way:,the fire, assuming weight, is changed to air;,and then, more dense, that air is changed again,to water; and that water, still more dense,,compacts itself again as primal earth.,and Nature, the renewer of all things,,continually changes every form,into some other shape. Believe my word,,in all this universe of vast extent,,not one thing ever perished. All have changed,appearance. Men say a certain thing is born,,if it takes a different form from what it had;,and yet they say, that certain thing has died,,if it no longer keeps the self same shape.,Though distant things move near, and near things far,,always the sum of all things is unchanged.,remains long under the same form unchanged.,Look at the change of times from gold to iron,:,look at the change in places. I have seen,what had been solid earth become salt waves,,and I have seen dry land made from the deep;,and, far away from ocean, sea-shells strewn,,and on the mountain-tops old anchors found.,Water has made that which was once a plain,into a valley, and the mountain has,been levelled by the floods down to a plain.,A former marshland is now parched dry sand,,and places which endured severest drought,are wet with standing pools. Here Nature has,opened fresh springs, but there has shut them up;,rivers aroused by ancient earthquakes have,rushed out or vanished, as they lost their depth.,a chasm in the earth, it rushes forth,at a distance and is reborn a different stream.,The Erasinus now flows down into a cave,,now runs beneath the ground a darkened course,,then rises lordly in the Argolic fields.,They say the Mysus, wearied of his spring,and of his former banks, appears elsewhere,and takes another name, the Caicus .,now smoothly rolling, at another time,is quenched, because its fountain springs are dry.,The water of the Anigros formerly,was used for drinking, but it pours out now,foul water which you would decline to touch,,because (unless all credit is denied,to poets) long ago the Centaurs, those,trange mortals double-limbed, bathed in the stream,wounds which club-bearing Hercules had made,with his strong bow.—Yes, does not Hypanis,descending fresh from mountains of Sarmatia ,,become embittered with the taste of salt?,were once surrounded by the wavy sea:,they are not islands now. Long years ago,Leucas was mainland, if we can believe,what the old timers there will tell, but now,the waves sweep round it. Zancle was a part,of Italy , until the sea cut off,the neighboring land with strong waves in between.,Should you seek Helice and Buris, those,two cities of Achaea , you will find,them underneath the waves, where sailors point,to sloping roofs and streets in the clear deep.,quite bare of trees, was once a level plain,,but now is a hill, for (dreadful even to tell),the raging power of winds, long pent in deep,,dark caverns, tried to find a proper vent,,long struggling to attain free sky.,Finding no opening from the prison-caves,,imperious to their force, they raised the earth,,exactly as pent air breathed from the mouth,inflates a bladder, or the bottle-hides,tripped off the two-horned goats. The swollen earth,remained on that spot and has ever since,appearance of a high hill hardened by,the flight of time.,that I have heard and known, I will add a few.,Why, does not water give and take strange forms?,Your wave, O horned Ammon, will turn cold,at mid-day, but is always mild and warm,at sun-rise and at sun-set. I have heard,that Athamanians kindle wood, if they,pour water on it, when the waning moon,has shrunk away into her smallest orb.,The people of Ciconia have a stream,which turns the drinker's entrails into stone,,which changes into marble all it raves.,The Achaean Crathis and the Sybaris ,,which flow not far from here, will turn the hair,to something like clear amber or bright gold.,which change not only bodies but the minds:,who has no knowledge of the Salmacis,and of its ill famed waves? Who has not,heard of the lakes of Aethiopia:,how those who drink of them go raving mad,or fall in a deep sleep, most wonderful,in heaviness. Whoever quenches thirst,from the Clitorian spring will hate all wine,,and soberly secure great pleasure from,pure water. Either that spring has a power,the opposite of wine-heat, or perhaps,as natives tell us, after the famed son,of Amythaon by his charms and herbs,,delivered from their base insanity,the stricken Proetides, he threw the rest,of his mind healing herbs into the spring,,where hatred of all wine has since remained.,Unlike in nature flows another stream,of the country, called Lyncestius: everyone,who drinks of it, even with most temperate care,,will reel, as if he had drunk unmixed wine.,In Arcadia is a place, called Pheneos,by men of old, which is mistrusted for,the twofold nature of its waters. Stand,in dread of them at night; if drunk at night,,they harm you, but in daytime they will do,no harm at all.,So lakes and rivers have,now this, now that effect.,moved like a ship that drifts among the waves.,Now it is fixed. The Argo was in dread,of the Symplegades, which moved apart,with waves in-rushing. Now immovable,they stand, resisting the attack of winds.,will not be always concentrated fire,,nor was it always fiery. If the earth,is like an animal and is alive,and breathes out flame at many openings,,then it can change these many passages,used for its breathing and, when it is moved,,may close these caverns as it opens up,ome others. Or if rushing winds are penned,in deepest caverns, and they drive great stones,against the rock, and substances which have,the properties of flame and fire are made,by those concussions; when the winds are calmed,the caverns will, of course, be cool again.,or yellow sulphur burns with little smoke,,then surely, when the ground no longer gives,uch food and oily nutriment for flames,and they in time have ravined all their store,,their greedy nature soon will pine with death—,it will not bear such famine but depart,and, when deserted, will desert the place.,can cover all their bodies with light plumes,by plunging nine times in Minerva's marsh.,But I cannot believe another tale:,that Scythian women get a like result,by having poison sprinkled on their limbs.,proved by experience, we can surely know,whatever bodies are decayed by time,or by dissolving heat are by such means,changed into tiny animals—Come now,,bury choice bullocks killed for sacrifice,,and it is well known by experience,that the flower-gathering bees are so produced,,miraculous, from entrails putrefied.,These, like the faithful animals from which,they were produced, inhabit the green fields,,delight in toil, and labor for reward.,is a known source of hornets. If you cut,the bending claws off from the sea-shore crab,and bury the remainder in the earth,,a scorpion will come forth from the dead crab,buried there, threatening with its crooked tail.,a thing observable by husbandmen,,will change themselves to funeral butterflies.,Mud holds the seeds that generate green frogs,,at first producing tadpoles with no feet,,and soon it gives them legs adapted for,their swimming, and, so they may be as well,adapted to good leaping, their hind legs,are longer than the fore-legs. The mother bear,does not bring forth a cub but a limp mass,of flesh that hardly can be called alive.,By licking it the mother forms the limbs,,and brings it to a shape just like her own.,concealed in cells hexagonal, at first,get life with no limbs, and assume in time,both feet and wings? Unless the fact were known,,could anyone suppose it possible,that Juno's bird, whose tail is bright with stars;,the eagle, armor-bearer of high Jove;,the doves of Cytherea; and all birds,emerge from the middle part of eggs?,And some believe the human marrow turns,into a serpent when the spine at length,has putrefied in the closed sepulchre.,from other living forms. There is one bird,which reproduces and renews itself:,the Assyrians gave this bird his name—the Phoenix.,He does not live either on grain or herbs,,but only on small drops of frankincense,and juices of amomum. When this bird,completes a full five centuries of life,traightway with talons and with shining beak,he builds a nest among palm branches, where,they join to form the palm tree's waving top.,the cassia bark and ears of sweet spikenard,,and some bruised cinnamon with yellow myrrh,,he lies down on it and refuses life,among those dreamful odors.—And they say,that from the body of the dying bird,is reproduced a little Phoenix which,is destined to live just as many years.,and he is able to sustain the weight,,he lifts the nest up from the lofty tree,and dutifully carries from that place,his cradle and the parent's sepulchre.,As soon as he has reached through yielding air,the city of Hyperion, he will lay,the burden just before the sacred doors,within the temple of Hyperion.,we ought to wonder also, when we learn,that a hyena has a change of sex:,the female, quitting her embracing male,,herself becomes a male.—That animal,which feeds upon the winds and air, at once,assumes with contact any color touched.,lynxes, whose urine turns, they say to stones,,hardening in air. So coral, too, as soon,as it has risen above the sea, turns hard.,Below the waves it was a tender plant.,his panting horses in the deep sea waves,,before I can include in my discourse,the myriad things transforming to new shapes.,In lapse of time we see the nations change;,ome grow in power, some wane. Troy was once great,in riches and in men—so great she could,for ten unequalled years afford much blood;,now she lies low and offers to our gaze,but ancient ruins and, instead of wealth,,ancestral tombs. Sparta was famous once,and great Mycenae was most flourishing.,And Cecrops' citadel and Amphion's shone,in ancient power. Sparta is nothing now,ave barren ground, the proud Mycenae fell,,what is the Thebes of storied Oedipus,except a name? And of Pandion's Athens,what now remains beyond the name?,is rising, and beside the Tiber 's waves,,whose springs are high in the Apennines , is laying,her deep foundations. So in her growth,her form is changing, and one day she will,be the sole mistress of the boundless world.,revealers of our destiny, declare,this fate, and, if I recollect it right,,Helenus, son of Priam, prophesied,unto Aeneas, when he was in doubt,of safety and lamenting for the state,of Troy , about to fall, ‘O, son of a goddess,,if you yourself, will fully understand,this prophecy now surging in my mind,Troy shall not, while you are preserved to life,fall utterly. Flames and the sword shall give,you passage. You shall go and bear away,Pergama, ruined; till a foreign soil,,more friendly to you than your native land,,hall be the lot of Troy and of yourself.,that our posterity, born far from Troy ,,will build a city greater than exists,,or ever will exist, or ever has,been seen in former times. Through a long lapse,of ages other noted men shall make,it strong, but one of the race of Iulus;,hall make it the great mistress of the world.,After the earth has thoroughly enjoyed,his glorious life, aetherial abodes,hall gain him, and immortal heaven shall be,his destiny.’,Such was the prophesy,of Helenus, when great Aeneas took,away his guardian deities, and I,rejoice to see my kindred walls rise high,and realize how much the Trojans won,by that resounding victory of the Greeks!,forgetful of the goal, the heavens and all,beneath them and the earth and everything,upon it change in form. We likewise change,,who are a portion of the universe,,and, since we are not only things of flesh,but winged souls as well, we may be doomed,to enter into beasts as our abode;,and even to be hidden in the breasts,of cattle. Therefore, should we not allow,these bodies to be safe which may contain,the souls of parents, brothers, or of those,allied to us by kinship or of men,at least, who should be saved from every harm?,Let us not gorge down a Thyestean feast!,how impiously does he prepare himself,for shedding human blood, who with u knife,cuts the calf's throat and offers a deaf ear,to its death-longings! who can kill the kid,while it is sending forth heart rending cries,like those of a dear child; or who can feed,upon the bird which he has given food.,How little do such deeds as these fall short,of actual murder? Yes, where will they lead?,to weight of years; and let the sheep give us,defence against the cold of Boreas;,and let the well-fed she-goats give to man,their udders for the pressure of kind hands.,and fraudulent contrivances: deceive,not birds with bird-limed twigs: do not deceive,the trusting deer with dreaded feather foils:,do not conceal barbed hooks with treacherous bait:,if any beast is harmful, take his life,,but, even so, let killing be enough.,Taste not his flesh, but look for harmless food!”,They say that Numa with a mind well taught,by these and other precepts traveled back,to his own land and, being urged again,,assumed the guidance of the Latin state.,Blest with a nymph as consort, blest also with,the Muses for his guides, he taught the rites,of sacrifice and trained in arts of peace,a race accustomed long to savage war.,When, ripe in years, he ended reign and life,,the Latin matrons, the fathers of the state,,and all the people wept for Numa's death.,For the nymph, his widow, had withdrawn from Rome ,,concealed within the thick groves of the vale,Aricia , where with groans and wailing she,disturbed the holy rites of Cynthia,,established by Orestes. Ah! how often,nymphs of the grove and lake entreated her,to cease and offered her consoling words.,How often the son of Theseus said to her,“Control your sorrow; surely your sad lot,is not the only one; consider now,the like calamities by others borne,,and you can bear your sorrow. To my grief,my own disaster was far worse than yours.,At least it can afford you comfort now.,“Is it not true, discourse has reached yours ears,that one Hippolytus met with his death,through the credulity of his loved sire,,deceived by a stepmother's wicked art?,It will amaze you much, and I may fail,to prove what I declare, but I am he!,Long since the daughter of Pasiphae,tempted me to defile my father's bed,and, failing, feigned that I had wished to do,what she herself had wished. Perverting truth—,either through fear of some discovery,or else through spite at her deserved repulse—,he charged me with attempting the foul crime.,my father banished me and, while I was,departing, laid on me a mortal curse.,Towards Pittheus and Troezen I fled aghast,,guiding the swift chariot near the shore,of the Corinthian Gulf, when all at once,the sea rose up and seemed to arch itself,and lift high as a white topped mountain height,,make bellowings, and open at the crest.,Then through the parting waves a horned bull,emerged with head and breast into the wind,,pouting white foam from his nostrils and his mouth.,“The hearts of my attendants quailed with fear,,yet I unfrightened thought but of my exile.,Then my fierce horses turned their necks to face,the waters, and with ears erect they quaked,before the monster shape, they dashed in flight,along the rock strewn ground below the cliff.,I struggled, but with unavailing hand,,to use the reins now covered with white foam;,and throwing myself back, pulled on the thongs,with weight and strength. Such effort might have checked,the madness of my steeds, had not a wheel,,triking the hub on a projecting stump,,been shattered and hurled in fragments from the axle.,and with the reins entwined about my legs.,My palpitating entrails could be seen,dragged on, my sinews fastened on a stump.,My torn legs followed, but a part,remained behind me, caught by various snags.,The breaking bones gave out a crackling noise,,my tortured spirit soon had fled away,,no part of the torn body could be known—,all that was left was only one crushed wound—,how can, how dare you, nymph, compare your ills,to my disaster?,deprived of light: and I have bathed my flesh,,o tortured, in the waves of Phlegethon.,Life could not have been given again to me,,but through the remedies Apollo's son,applied to me. After my life returned—,by potent herbs and the Paeonian aid,,despite the will of Pluto—Cynthia then,threw heavy clouds around that I might not,be seen and cause men envy by new life:,and that she might be sure my life was safe,he made me seem an old man; and she changed,me so that I could not be recognized.,would give me Crete or Delos for my home.,Delos and Crete abandoned, she then brought,me here, and at the same time ordered me,to lay aside my former name—one which,when mentioned would remind me of my steeds.,She said to me, ‘You were Hippolytus,,but now instead you shall be Virbius.’,And from that time I have inhabited,this grove; and, as one of the lesser gods,,I live concealed and numbered in her train.”,of sad Egeria, and she laid herself,down at a mountain's foot, dissolved in tears,,till moved by pity for her faithful sorrow,,Diana changed her body to a spring,,her limbs into a clear continual stream.,This wonderful event surprised the nymphs,,and filled Hippolytus with wonder, just,as great as when the Etrurian ploughman saw,a fate-revealing clod move of its own,accord among the fields, while not a hand,was touching it, till finally it took,a human form, without the quality,of clodded earth, and opened its new mouth,and spoke, revealing future destinies.,The natives called him Tages. He was the first,who taught Etrurians to foretell events.,when he observed the spear, which once had grown,high on the Palatine , put out new leaves,and stand with roots—not with the iron point,which he had driven in. Not as a spear,it then stood there, but as a rooted tree,with limber twigs for many to admire,while resting under that surprising shade.,in the clear stream (he truly saw them there).,Believing he had seen a falsity,,he often touched his forehead with his hand,and, so returning, touched the thing he saw.,Assured at last that he could trust his eyes,,he stood entranced, as if he had returned,victorious from the conquest of his foes:,and, raising eyes and hands toward heaven, he cried,,“You gods above! Whatever is foretold,by this great prodigy, if it means good,,then let it be auspicious to my land,and to the inhabitants of Quirinus,—,if ill, let that misfortune fall on me.”,of grassy thick green turf, with fragrant fires,,presenting wine in bowls. And he took note,of panting entrails from new-slaughtered sheep,,to learn the meaning of the event for him.,he found the evidence of great events,,as yet obscure, and, when he raised keen eyes,up from the entrails to the horns of Cippus,,“O king, all hail!” he cried, “For in future time,this country and the Latin towers will live,in homage to you, Cippus, and your horns.,But you must promptly put aside delay;,hasten to enter the wide open gates—,the fates command you. Once received within,the city, you shall be its chosen king,and safely shall enjoy a lasting reign.”,eyes from the city's walls and said, “O far,,O far away, the righteous gods should drive,uch omens from me! Better it would be,that I should pass my life in exile than,be seen a king throned in the capitol.”,the people and the grave and honored Senate.,But first he veiled his horns with laurel, which,betokens peace. Then, standing on a mound,raised by the valiant troops, he made a prayer,after the ancient mode, and then he said,,“There is one here who will be king, if you,do not expel him from your city—I,will show him to you surely by a sign;,although I will not tell his name. He wears,horns on his head. The augur prophecies,that, if he enters this your city, he,will give you laws as if you were his slaves.,for they stand open, but I have hindered him,,although nobody is to him so close,as I myself. Good Romans, then, forbid,your city to this man; or, if you find,that he deserves still worse, then bind him fast,with heavy fetters; or else end your fears,by knowledge of the destined tyrant's death.”,of pine trees thick above us, when the fierce,east wind is whistling in them, or as sound,produced by breaking waves, when it is heard,afar off, such the noise made by the crowd.,But in that angry stirring of the throng,one cry could be distinguished, “Which is he?”,And they examined foreheads, and they sought,predicted horns. Cippus then spoke again:,And, fearless of the people, he threw back,the chaplet from his forehead, so that all,could see his temples plainly, wonderful,for their two horns. All then turned down their eyes,and uttered groans and (was it possible?),they looked unwillingly upon that head,famed for its merit. They could not permit,him to remain there long, deprived,of honors, and they placed upon his head,the festive chaplet. And the Senate gave,you, Cippus, since you nevermore must come,within the walls, a proof of their esteem—,o much land as your oxen and their plow,could circle round from dawn to setting sun.,Moreover they engraved the shapely horns,on the bronze pillars of the city gate,,which for long ages kept his name revered.,Relate, O Muses, guardian deities,of poets (for you know, and the remote,antiquity conceals it not from you),,the reason why an island, which the deep stream,of Tiber closed about, has introduced,Coronis' child among the deities,guarding the city of famed Romulus.,the Latin air, and men's pale bodies were,deformed by a consumption that dried up,the blood. When, frightened by so many deaths,,they found all mortal efforts could avail,them nothing, and physicians' skill had no,effect, they sought the aid of heaven. They sent,envoys to Delphi center of the world,,and they entreated Phoebus to give aid,in their distress, and by response renew,their wasting lives and end a city's woe.,While ground, and laurels and the quivers which,the god hung there all shook, the tripod gave,this answer from the deep recesses hid,within the shrine, and stirred with trembling their,astonished hearts—,O Romans, you should seek for nearer you.,Then seek it nearer, for you do not need,Apollo to relieve your wasting plague,,you need Apollo's son. Go then to him,with a good omen and invite his aid.”,Phoebus Apollo's words, they took much pains,to learn what town the son of Phoebus might,inhabit. They despatched ambassadors,under full sail to the coast of Epidaurus .,When the curved ships had touched the shore, these men,in haste went to the Grecian elders there,and prayed that Rome might have the deity,whose presence would drive out the mortal ill,from their Ausonian nation; for they knew,response unerring had directed them.,on their reply: some thought that aid ought not,to be refused, but many more held back,,declaring it was wise to keep the god,for their own safety and not give away,a guardian deity. And, while they talked,,discussing it, the twilight had expelled,the waning day, and darkness on the earth,pread a thick mantle over the wide world.,appeared, O Roman leader, by your couch,,as in his temple he is used to stand,,holding in his left hand a rustic staff.,Stroking his long beard with his right, he seemed,to utter from his kindly breast these words:,and leave my altar. But now look well at,the serpent with its binding folds entwined,around this staff, and accurately mark,it with your eyes that you may recognize it.,I will transform myself into this shape,but of a greater size, I will appear,enlarged and of a magnitude to which,a heavenly being ought to be transformed.”,and sleep went, when the god and words were gone;,and genial light came, when the sleep had left.,The morning then dispersed fire-given stars.,The envoys met together in much doubt,within the temple of the long sought god.,They prayed the god to indicate for them,,by clear celestial tokens, in what spot,he wished to dwell.,for guidance, when the god all glittering,with gold and as a serpent, crest erect,,ent forth a hissing as to notify,a quick approach— and in his coming shook,his statue and the altars and the doors,,the marble pavement and the gilded roof.,Then up to his breast the serpent stood erect,within the temple. He gazed on all with eyes,that sparkled fire. The waiting multitude,was frightened; but the priest, his chaste hair bound,with a white fillet, knew the deity.,Think holy thoughts and walk in reverent silence,,all who are present. Oh, most Beautiful,,let us behold you to our benefit,,and give aid to this people that performs,your sacred rites.”,the deity as bidden by the priest.,The multitude repeated his good words,,and the descendants of Aeneas gave,good omen, with their feelings and their speech.,Nodding well pleased and moving his great crest,,the god at once assured them of his favor,and hissed repeatedly with darting tongue.,And then he glided down the polished steps;,turned back his head; and, ready to depart,,gazed on the altars he had known for so long—,a last salute to the temple of his love.,the great snake wound in sinuous course along,and, passing through the middle of their town,,came to the harbor and its curving wall.,He stopped there, and it seemed that he dismissed,his train and dutiful attendant crowd,,and with a placid countece he placed,his mighty body in the Ausonian ship,,which plainly showed the great weight of the god.,rejoiced, and they sacrificed a bull beside,the harbor, wreathed the ship with flowers, and loosed,the twisted hawsers from the shore. As a soft breeze,impelled the ship, within her curving stern,the god reclined, his coils uprising high,,and gazed down on the blue Ionian waves.,So wafted by the favoring winds, they came,in six days to the shores of Italy .,ennobled by the goddess Juno's shrine,,and Scylacean coasts. He left behind,Iapygia; then he shunned Amphrysian rocks,upon the left and on the other side,escaped Cocinthian crags. He passed, near by,,Romechium and Caulon and Naricia;,crossed the Sicilian sea; went through the strait;,ailed by Pelorus and the island home,of Aeolus and by the copper mines,of Temesa. He turned then toward Leucosia,and toward mild Paestum , famous for the rose.,He coasted by Capreae and around,Minerva's promontory and the hills,ennobled with Surrentine vines, from there,to Herculaneum and Stabiae,and then Parthenope built for soft ease.,He sailed near the Cumaean Sibyl's temple.,He passed the Warm Springs and Linternum, where,the mastick trees grow, and the river called,Volturnus, where thick sand whirls in the stream,,over to Sinuessa 's snow-white doves;,and then to Antium and its rocky coast.,the harbor there (for now the seas grew rough),,the god uncoiled his folds, and, gliding out,with sinuous curves and all his mighty length,,entered the temple of his parent, where,it skirts that yellow shore. But, when the sea,was calm again, the Epidaurian god,departing from his father's shrine, where he,a while had shared the sacred residence,reared to a kindred deity, furrowed,the sandy shore with weight of crackling scales,,again he climbed into the lofty stern,and near the rudder laid his head at rest.,by Castrum and Lavinium 's sacred homes,to where the Tiber flows into the sea,there all the people of Rome came rushing out—,mothers and fathers and even those who tend,your sacred fire, O Trojan goddess Vesta—,and joyous shouted welcome to the god.,Wherever the swift ship steered through the tide,,they built up many altars in a line,,o that perfuming frankincense with smoke,crackled along the banks on either hand,,and victims made the keen knives hot with blood.,the world's new capital and, lifting up,his head above the summit of the mast,,looked far and near for a congenial home.,The river there, dividing, flows about,a place known as the Island, on both sides,an equal stream glides past dry middle ground.,And here the serpent child of Phoebus left,the Roman ship, took his own heavenly form,,and brought the mourning city health once more,Apollo's son came to us from abroad,,but Caesar is a god in his own land.,The first in war and peace, he rose by wars,,which closed in triumphs, and by civic deeds,to glory quickly won, and even more,his offspring's love exalted him as a new,,a heavenly, sign and brightly flaming star.,of all the achievements of great Julius Caesar,not one is more ennobling to his fame,than being father of his glorious son.,the Britons guarded by their sheltering sea,or lead his fleet victorious up the stream,even mouthed of the papyrus hearing Nile ;,to bring beneath the Roman people s rule,rebel Numidia , Libyan Juba, and,trong Pontus , proud of Mithridates' fame;,to have some triumphs and deserve far more;,than to be father of so great a man,,with whom as ruler of the human race,,O gods, you bless us past all reckoning?,Julius Caesar must change and be a god.,When the golden mother of Aeneas was,aware of this and saw a grievous end,plotted against her high priest, saw the armed,conspiracy preparing for his death,,with pallid face she met each god and said:,against my cause; with how much guile it dooms,the head which is the last that I have left,from old-time Iulus, prince and heir of Troy .,Shall I alone be harassed through all time,by fear well grounded? First the son of Tydeus,must wound me with his Calydonian spear;,and then I tremble at the tottering walls,of ill defended Troy ; I watch my son,driven in long wanderings, tossed upon the sea,,descending to the realm of silent shades,,and waging war with Turnus—or, if I should speak,the truth, with Juno! Why do I recall,disasters of my race from long ago?,The present dread forbids my looking back,at ills now past. See how the wicked swords,are whetted for the crime! Forbid it now,,I pray you, and prevent the deed,,let not the priest's warm blood quench vestal fires!”,Venus proclaimed through all the heavens, in vain.,The gods were moved, and, since they could not break,the ancient sisters' iron decree, they gave,instead clear portents of approaching woe.,the black clouds and unearthly trumpet blasts,and clarions heard through all the highest heavens,,forewarned men of the crime. The sad sun's face,gave to the frightened world a livid light;,and in the night-time torches seemed to burn,amid the stars, and often drops of blood,fell in rain-showers. Then Lucifer shone blue,with all his visage stained by darksome rust.,The chariot of the moon was sprinkled with,red blood. The Stygian owl gave to the world,ill omens. In a thousand places, tears,were shed by the ivory statues. Dirges, too,,are said to have been heard, and threatening words,by unknown speakers in the sacred groves.,the fibers showed great tumults imminent,,the liver's cut-off edge was found among,the entrails. In the Forum, it is said,,and round men's homes and temples of the gods,dogs howled all through the night, and silent shades,wandered abroad, and earthquakes shook the city.,the plots of men and stay approaching fate.,Into a temple naked swords were brought—,into the Senate House. No other place,in all our city was considered fit,for perpetrating such a dreadful crime!,With both hands Cytherea beat her breast,,and in a cloud she strove to hide the last,of great Aeneas' line, as in times past,he had hid Paris from fierce Menelaus,Aeneas from the blade of Diomed.,“Do you my daughter, without aid, alone,,attempt to change the fixed decrees of Fate?,Unaided you may enter the abode,of the three sisters and can witness there,a register of deeds the future brings.,These, wrought of brass and solid iron with,vast labor, are unchangeable through all,eternity; and have no weakening fears,of thunder-shocks from heaven, nor from the rage,of lightnings they are perfectly secure,from all destruction. You will surely find,the destinies of your descendants there,,engraved in everlasting adamant.,'Tis certain. I myself, have read them there:,and I, with care have marked them in my mind.,I will repeat them so that you may have,unerring knowledge of those future days.,o anxious, already has completed his,alloted time. The years are ended which,he owed to life on earth. You with his son,,who now as heir to his estate must bear,the burden of that government, will cause,him, as a deity, to reach the heavens,,and to be worshipped in the temples here.,who killed his father and will have our aid,in all his battles. The defeated walls,of scarred Mutina , which he will besiege,,hall sue for peace. Pharsalia 's plain will dread,his power and Macedonian Philippi,be drenched with blood a second time, the name,of one acclaimed as ‘Great’ shall be subdued,in the Sicilian waves. Then Egypt 's queen,,wife of the Roman general, Antony,,hall fall, while vainly trusting in his word,,while vainly threatening that our Capitol,must be submissive to Canopus ' power.,“Why should I mention all the barbarous lands,and nations east and west by ocean's rim?,Whatever habitable earth contains,hall bow to him, the sea shall serve his will!,he then will turn his mind to civil rule,and as a prudent legislator will,enact wise laws. And he will regulate,the manners of his people by his own,example. Looking forward to the days,of future time and of posterity,,he will command the offspring born of his,devoted wife, to assume the imperial name,and the burden of his cares. Nor till his age,hall equal Nestor's years will he ascend,to heavenly dwellings and his kindred stars.,Meanwhile transform the soul, which shall be reft,from this doomed body, to a starry light,,that always god-like Julius may look down,in future from his heavenly residence,upon our Forum and our Capitol.”,when kindly Venus, although seen by none,,tood in the middle of the Senate-house,,and caught from the dying limbs and trunk,of her own Caesar his departing soul.,She did not give it time so that it could,dissolve in air, but bore it quickly up,,toward all the stars of heaven; and on the way,,he saw it gleam and blaze and set it free.,Above the moon it mounted into heaven,,leaving behind a long and fiery trail,,and as a star it glittered in the sky.,Julius confessed they were superior,to all of his, and he rejoiced because,his son was greater even than himself.,Although the son forbade men to regard,his own deeds as the: mightier! Fame, that moves,free and untrammelled by the laws of men,,preferred him even against his own desire,and in that one point disobeyed his will.,of Agamemnon, Aegeus yields to Theseus,,and Peleus to Achilles, or, to name,a parallel befitting these two gods,,o Saturn yields to Jove. Now Jupiter,rules in high heavens and is the suzerain,over the waters and the world of shades,,and now Augustus rules in all the lands—,o each is both a father and a god.,both swords and fire gave way, and native gods,of Italy , and Father Quirinus—,patron of Rome , and you Gradivus too—,the sire of Quirinus the invincible,,and Vesta hallowed among Caesar's gods,,and Phoebus ever worshipped at his hearth,,and Jupiter who rules the citadel,high on Tarpeia's cliff, and other gods—,all gods to whom a poet rightfully,and with all piety may make appeal;,far be that day—postponed beyond our time,,when great Augustus shall foresake the earth,which he now governs, and mount up to heaven,,from that far height to hear his people's prayers!,which not Jove's anger, and not fire nor steel,,nor fast-consuming time can sweep away.,Whenever it will, let the day come, which has,dominion only over this mortal frame,,and end for me the uncertain course of life.,Yet in my better part I shall be borne,immortal, far above the stars on high,,and mine shall be a name indelible.,Wherever Roman power extends her sway,over the conquered lands, I shall be read,by lips of men. If Poets' prophecies,have any truth, through all the coming years,of future ages, I shall live in fame." '15.874 the people and the grave and honored Senate. 15.875 But first he veiled his horns with laurel, which 15.876 betokens peace. Then, standing on a mound 15.877 raised by the valiant troops, he made a prayer 15.878 after the ancient mode, and then he said, 15.879 “There is one here who will be king, if you' ' None
52. Philo of Alexandria, On The Special Laws, 3.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Rome, exile as punishment in • exile • exiles • punishment, exile as

 Found in books: Birnbaum and Dillon (2020), Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, 17; Humphreys (2018), Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis, 40

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3.4 But though I groan at my fate, I still hold out and resist, retaining in my soul that desire of instruction which has been implanted in it from my earliest youth, and this desire taking pity and compassion on me continually raises me up and alleviates my sorrow. And it is through this fondness for learning that I at times lift up my head, and with the eyes of my soul, which are indeed dim (for the mist of affairs, wholly inconsistent with their proper objects, has overshadowed their acute clear-sightedne'' None
53. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Moses, 1-2 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • exile • exiles

 Found in books: Birnbaum and Dillon (2020), Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, 74; Johnson Dupertuis and Shea (2018), Reading and Teaching Ancient Fiction : Jewish, Christian, and Greco-Roman Narratives 162

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1 I have conceived the idea of writing the life of Moses, who, according to the account of some persons, was the lawgiver of the Jews, but according to others only an interpreter of the sacred laws, the greatest and most perfect man that ever lived, having a desire to make his character fully known to those who ought not to remain in ignorance respecting him, , for the glory of the laws which he left behind him has reached over the whole world, and has penetrated to the very furthest limits of the universe; and those who do really and truly understand him are not many, perhaps partly out of envy, or else from the disposition so common to many persons of resisting the commands which are delivered by lawgivers in different states, since the historians who have flourished among the Greeks have not chosen to think him worthy of mention, , the greater part of whom have both in their poems and also in their prose writings, disparaged or defaced the powers which they have received through education, composing comedies and works full of Sybaritish profligacy and licentiousness to their everlasting shame, while they ought rather to have employed their natural endowments and abilities in preserving a record of virtuous men and praiseworthy lives, so that honourable actions, whether ancient or modern, might not be buried in silence, and thus have all recollection of them lost, while they might shine gloriously if duly celebrated; and that they might not themselves have seemed to pass by more appropriate subjects, and to prefer such as were unworthy of being mentioned at all, while they were eager to give a specious appearance to infamous actions, so as to secure notoriety for disgraceful deeds. , But I disregard the envious disposition of these men, and shall proceed to narrate the events which befell him, having learnt them both from those sacred scriptures which he has left as marvellous memorials of his wisdom, and having also heard many things from the elders of my nation, for I have continually connected together what I have heard with what I have read, and in this way I look upon it that I am acquainted with the history of his life more accurately than other people., And I will begin first with that with which it is necessary to begin. Moses was by birth a Hebrew, but he was born, and brought up, and educated in Egypt, his ancestors having migrated into Egypt with all their families on account of the long famine which oppressed Babylon and all the adjacent countries; for they were in search of food, and Egypt was a champaign country blessed with a rich soil, and very productive of every thing which the nature of man requires, and especially of corn and wheat, , for the river of that country at the height of summer, when they say that all other rivers which are derived from winter torrents and from springs in the ground are smaller, rises and increases, and overflows so as to irrigate all the lands, and make them one vast lake. And so the land, without having any need of rain, supplies every year an unlimited abundance of every kind of good food, unless sometimes the anger of God interrupts this abundance by reason of the excessive impiety of the inhabitants. , And his father and mother were among the most excellent persons of their time, and though they were of the same time, still they were induced to unite themselves together more from an uimity of feeling than because they were related in blood; and Moses is the seventh generation in succession from the original settler in the country who was the founder of the whole race of the Jews., And he was thought worthy of being bred up in the royal palace, the cause of which circumstance was as follows. The king of the country, inasmuch as the nation of the Hebrews kept continually increasing in numbers, fearing lest gradually the settlers should become more numerous than the original inhabitants, and being more powerful should set upon them and subdue them by force, and make themselves their masters, conceived the idea of destroying their strength by impious devices, and ordered that of all the children that were born the females only should be brought up (since a woman, by reason of the weakness of her nature, is disinclined to and unfitted for war, Accordingly as the child Moses, as soon as he was born, displayed a more beautiful and noble form than usual, his parents resolved, as far as was in their power, to disregard the proclamations of the tyrant. Accordingly they say that for three months continuously they kept him at home, feeding him on milk, without its coming to the knowledge of the multitude; , but when, as is commonly the case in monarchies, some persons discovered what was kept secret and in darkness, of those persons who are always eager to bring any new report to the king, his parents being afraid lest while seeking to secure the safety of one individual, they who were many might become involved in his destruction, with many tears exposed their child on the banks of the river, and departed groaning and lamenting, pitying themselves for the necessity which had fallen upon them, and calling themselves the slayers and murderers of their child, and commiserating the infant too for his destruction, which they had hoped to avert. , Then, as was natural for people involved in a miserable misfortune, they accused themselves as having brought a heavier affliction on themselves than they need have done. "For why," said they, "did we not expose him at the first moment of his birth?" For people in general do not look upon one who has not lived long enough to partake of salutary food as a human being at all. "But we, in our superfluous affection, have nourished him these three entire months, causing ourselves by such conduct more abundant grief, and inflicting upon him a heavier punishment, in order that he, having at last attained to a great capacity for feeling pleasures and pains, should at last perish in the perception of the most grievous evils.", And so they departed in ignorance of the future, being wholly overwhelmed with sad misery; but the sister of the infant who was thus exposed, being still a maiden, out of the vehemence of her fraternal affection, stood a little way off watching to see what would happen, and all the events which concerned him appear to me to have taken place in accordance with the providence of God, who watched over the infant. , Now the king of the country had an only daughter, whom he tenderly loved, and they say that she, although she had been married a long time, had never had any children, and therefore, as was natural, was very desirous of children, and especially of male offspring, which should succeed to the noble inheritance of her father\'s prosperity and imperial authority, which was otherwise in danger of being lost, since the king had no other grandsons. , And as she was always desponding and lamenting, so especially on that particular day was she overcome by the weight of her anxiety, that, though it was her ordinary custom to stay in doors and never to pass over the threshold of her house, yet now she went forth with her handmaidens down to the river, where the infant was lying. And there, as she was about to indulge in a bath and purification in the thickest part of the marsh, she beheld the child, and commanded her handmaidens to bring him to her. , Then, after she had surveyed him from head to foot, and admired his elegant form and healthy vigorous appearance, and saw that he was crying, she had compassion on him, her soul being already moved within her by maternal feelings of affection as if he had been her own child. And when she knew that the infant belonged to one of the Hebrews who was afraid because of the commandment of the king, she herself conceived the idea of rearing him up, and took counsel with herself on the subject, thinking that it was not safe to bring him at once into the palace; , and while she was still hesitating, the sister of the infant, who was still looking out, conjecturing her hesitation from what she beheld, ran up and asked her whether she would like that the child should be brought up at the breast by some one of the Hebrew women who had been lately delivered; , and as she said that she wished that she would do so, the maiden went and fetched her own mother and that of the infant, as if she had been a stranger, who with great readiness and willingness cheerfully promised to take the child and bring him up, pretending to be tempted by the reward to be paid, the providence of God thus making the original bringing up of the child to accord with the genuine course of nature. Then she gave him a name, calling him Moses with great propriety, because she had received him out of the water, for the Egyptians call water "mos.", But when the child began to grow and increase, he was weaned, not in accordance with the time of his age, but earlier than usual; and then his mother, who was also his nurse, came to bring him back to the princess who had given him to her, inasmuch as he no longer required to be fed on milk, and as he was now a fine and noble child to look upon. , And when the king\'s daughter saw that he was more perfect than could have been expected at his age, and when from his appearance she conceived greater good will than ever towards him, she adopted him as her son, having first put in practice all sorts of contrivances to increase the apparent bulk of her belly, so that he might be looked upon as her own genuine child, and not as a supposititious one; but God easily brings to pass whatever he is inclined to effect, however difficult it may be to bring to a successful issue. , Therefore the child being now thought worthy of a royal education and a royal attendance, was not, like a mere child, long delighted with toys and objects of laughter and amusement, even though those who had undertaken the care of him allowed him holidays and times for relaxation, and never behaved in any stern or morose way to him; but he himself exhibited a modest and dignified deportment in all his words and gestures, attending diligently to every lesson of every kind which could tend to the improvement of his mind. , And immediately he had all kinds of masters, one after another, some coming of their own accord from the neighbouring countries and the different districts of Egypt, and some being even procured from Greece by the temptation of large presents. But in a short time he surpassed all their knowledge, anticipating all their lessons by the excellent natural endowments of his own genius; so that everything in his case appeared to be a ecollecting rather than a learning, while he himself also, without any teacher, comprehended by his instinctive genius many difficult subjects; , for great abilities cut out for themselves many new roads to knowledge. And just as vigorous and healthy bodies which are active and quick in motion in all their parts, release their trainers from much care, giving them little or no trouble and anxiety, and as trees which are of a good sort, and which have a natural good growth, give no trouble to their cultivators, but grow finely and improve of themselves, so in the same manner the well disposed soul, going forward to meet the lessons which are imparted to it, is improved in reality by itself rather than by its teachers, and taking hold of some beginning or principle of knowledge, bounds, as the proverb has it, like a horse over the plain. , Accordingly he speedily learnt arithmetic, and geometry, and the whole science of rhythm and harmony and metre, and the whole of music, by means of the use of musical instruments, and by lectures on the different arts, and by explanations of each topic; and lessons on these subjects were given him by Egyptian philosophers, who also taught him the philosophy which is contained in symbols, which they exhibit in those sacred characters of hieroglyphics, as they are called, and also that philosophy which is conversant about that respect which they pay to animals which they invest with the honours due to God. And all the other branches of the encyclical education he learnt from Greeks; and the philosophers from the adjacent countries taught him Assyrian literature and the knowledge of the heavenly bodies so much studied by the Chaldaeans. , And this knowledge he derived also from the Egyptians, who study mathematics above all things, and he learnt with great accuracy the state of that art among both the Chaldaeans and Egyptians, making himself acquainted with the points in which they agree with and differ from each other--making himself master of all their disputes without encouraging any disputatious disposition in himself--but seeking the plain truth, since his mind was unable to admit any falsehood, as those are accustomed to do who contend violently for one particular side of a question; and who advocate any doctrine which is set before them, whatever it may be, not inquiring whether it deserves to be supported, but acting in the same manner as those lawyers who defend a cause for pay, and are wholly indifferent to the justice of their cause., And when he had passed the boundaries of the age of infancy he began to exercise his intellect; not, as some people do, letting his youthful passions roam at large without restraint, although in him they had ten thousand incentives by reason of the abundant means for the gratification of them which royal places supply; but he behaved with temperance and fortitude, as though he had bound them with reins, and thus he restrained their onward impetuosity by force. , And he tamed, and appeased, and brought under due command every one of the other passions which are naturally and as far as they are themselves concerned frantic, and violent, and unmanageable. And if any one of them at all excited itself and endeavoured to get free from restraint he administered severe punishment to it, reproving it with severity of language; and, in short, he repressed all the principal impulses and most violent affections of the soul, and kept guard over them as over a restive horse, fearing lest they might break all bounds and get beyond the power of reason which ought to be their guide to restrain them, and so throw everything everywhere into confusion. For these passions are the causes of all good and of all evil; of good when they submit to the authority of domit reason, and of evil when they break out of bounds and scorn all government and restraint. , Very naturally, therefore, those who associated with him and every one who was acquainted with him marvelled at him, being astonished as at a novel spectacle, and inquiring what kind of mind it was that had its abode in his body, and that was set up in it like an image in a shrine; whether it was a human mind or a divine intellect, or something combined of the two; because he had nothing in him resembling the many, but had gone beyond them all and was elevated to a more sublime height. , For he never provided his stomach with any luxuries beyond those necessary tributes which nature has appointed to be paid to it, and as to the pleasures of the organs below the stomach he paid no attention to them at all, except as far as the object of having legitimate children was concerned. , And being in a most eminent degree a practiser of abstinence and self-denial, and being above all men inclined to ridicule a life of effeminacy and luxury (for he desired to live for his soul alone, and not for his body, Therefore men in general, even if the slightest breeze of prosperity does only blow their way for a moment, become puffed up and give themselves great airs, becoming insolent to all those who are in a lower condition than themselves, and calling them dregs of the earth, and annoyances, and sources of trouble, and burdens of the earth, and all sorts of names of that kind, as if they had been thoroughly able to establish the undeviating character of their prosperity on a solid foundation, though, very likely, they will not remain in the same condition even till tomorrow, , for there is nothing more inconstant than fortune, which tosses human affairs up and down like dice. often has a single day thrown down the man who was previously placed on an eminence, and raised the lowly man on high. And while men see these events continually taking place, and though they are well assured of the fact, still they overlook their relations and friends, and transgress the laws according to which they were born and brought up; and they overturn their national hereditary customs to which no just blame whatever is attached, dwelling in a foreign land, and by reason of their cordial reception of the customs among which they are living, no longer remembering a single one of their ancient usages., But Moses, having now reached the very highest point of human good fortune, and being looked upon as the grandson of this mighty king, and being almost considered in the expectations of all men as the future inheritor of his grandfather\'s kingdom, and being always addressed as the young prince, still felt a desire for and admiration of the education of his kinsmen and ancestors, considering all the things which were thought good among those who had adopted him as spurious, even though they might, in consequence of the present state of affairs, have a brilliant appearance; and those things which were thought good by his natural parents, even though they might be for a short time somewhat obscure, at all events akin to himself and genuine good things. , Accordingly, like an uncorrupt judge both of his real parents and of those who had adopted him, he cherished towards the one a good will and an ardent affection, and he displayed gratitude towards the others in requital of the kindness which he had received at their hands, and he would have displayed the same throughout his whole life if he had not beheld a great and novel iniquity wrought in the country by the king; , for, as I have said before, the Jews were strangers in Egypt, the founders of their race having migrated from Babylon and the upper satrapies in the time of the famine, by reason of their want of food, and come and settled in Egypt, and having in a manner taken refuge like suppliants in the country as in a sacred asylum, fleeing for protection to the good faith of the king and the compassion of the inhabitants; , for strangers, in my opinion, should be looked upon as refugees, and as the suppliants of those who receive them in their country; and, besides, being suppliants, these men were likewise sojourners in the land, and friends desiring to be admitted to equal honours with the citizens, and neighbours differing but little in their character from original natives. , The men, therefore, who had left their homes and come into Egypt, as if they were to dwell in that land as in a second country in perfect security, the king of the country reduced to slavery, and, as if he had taken them prisoners by the laws of war, or had bought them from masters in whose house they had been bred, he oppressed them and treated them as slaves, though they were not only free men, but also strangers, and suppliants, and sojourners, having no respect for nor any awe of God, who presides over the rights of free men, and of strangers, and of suppliants, and of hospitality, and who beholds all such actions as his. , Then he laid commands on them beyond their power to fulfil, imposing on them labour after labour; and, when they fainted from weakness, the sword came upon them. He appointed overseers over their works, the most pitiless and inhuman of men, who pardoned and made allowance for no one, and whom they from the circumstances and from their behaviour called persecutors of work. , And they wrought with clay, some of them fashioning it into bricks, and others collecting straw from all quarters, for straw is the bond which binds bricks together; while others, again, had the task allotted to them of building up houses, and walls, and gates, and cutting trenches, bearing wood themselves day and night without interruption, having no rest or respite, and not even being allowed time so much as to sleep, but being compelled to perform all the works not only of workmen but also of journeymen, so that in a short time their bodies failed them, their souls having already fainted beneath their afflictions. , And so they died, one after another, as if smitten by a pestilential destruction, and then their taskmasters threw their bodies away unburied beyond the borders of the land, not suffering their kinsmen or their friends to sprinkle even a little dust on their corpses, nor to weep over those who had thus miserably perished; but, like impious men as they were, they threatened to extend their despotism over the passions of the soul (that cannot be enslaved, and which are nearly the only things which nature has made completely free, At all these events Moses was greatly grieved and indigt, not being able either to chastise the unjust oppressors of his people nor to assist those who were oppressed, but he gave them all the assistance that was in his power, by words, recommending their overseers to treat them with moderation, and to relax and abate somewhat of the oppressive nature of their commands, and exhorting the oppressed who were labouring thus to bear their present distresses with a noble spirit and to be men in their minds, and not to let their souls faint as well as their bodies, but to hope for good fortune after their present adversity; , for that all things in this world have a tendency to change to the opposite, cloudy weather to fine, violent gales to calm and absence of wind, storms and heavy billows at sea to fair weather and an unruffled surface of the water; and much more are human affairs likely to change, inasmuch as they are more unstable than anything. , By using these charms, as it were, like a good physician, he thought he should be able to alleviate their afflictions, although they were most grievous. But whenever their distress abated, then again their taskmasters returned and oppressed them with increased severity, always after the respite adding some new evil which should be even more intolerable than their previous sufferings; , for some of their overseers were very savage and furious men, being, as to their cruelty, not at all different from poisonous serpents or carnivorous beasts--wild beasts in human form--being clothed with the form of a human body so as to give an appearance of gentleness in order to deceive and catch their victim, but in reality being harder than iron or adamant. , One of these men, then, the most violent of them, when, in addition to yielding nothing of his purpose, he was even exasperated at the exhortations of Moses and rendered more savage by them, beating those who did not labour with energy and unremittingly at the work which was imposed upon them, and insulting them and subjecting them to every kind of ill-treatment, so as even to be the death of many, Moses slew, thinking the deed a pious action; and, indeed, it was a pious action to destroy one who only lived for the destruction of others. , When the king heard of this action he was very indigt, thinking it an intolerable thing, not for one man to be dead, or for another to have killed him, whether justly or unjustly, but for his grandson not to agree with him, and not to look upon his friends or his enemies as his own, but to hate persons whom the king loved, and to love persons whom the king looked upon as outcasts, and to pity those whom he regarded with unchangeable and implacable aversion., But when the Egyptian authorities had once got an opportunity of attacking the young man, having already reason for looking upon him with suspicion (for they well knew that he would hereafter bear them ill-will for their evil practices, and would revenge himself on them when he had an opportunity, As they urged these arguments to the king he retreated to the contiguous country of Arabia, where it was safe to abide, entreating God that he would deliver his countrymen from inextricable calamities, and would worthily chastise their oppressors who omitted no circumstance of insolence and tyranny, and would double his joy by allowing him to behold the accomplishment of both these prayers. And God heard his prayers, looking favourably on his disposition, so devoted to what is good, and so hostile to what is evil, and not long after he pronounced his decision upon the affairs of that land as became a God. , But while he was preparing to display the decision which he was about to pronounce, Moses was devoting himself to all the labours of virtue, having a teacher within himself, virtuous reason, by whom he had been trained to the most virtuous pursuits of life, and had learnt to apply himself to the contemplation and practice of virtue and to the continual study of the doctrines of philosophy, which he easily and thoroughly comprehended in his soul, and committed to memory in such a manner as never to forget them; and, moreover, he made all his own actions, which were intrinsically praiseworthy, to harmonise with them, desiring not to seem wise and good, but in truth and reality to be so, because he made the right reason of nature his only aim; which is, in fact, the only first principle and fountain of all the virtues. , Any one else, perhaps, fleeing from the implacable fury of the king, and coming now for the first time into a foreign land, when he had not as yet associated with or learnt the customs of the natives, and not knowing with any accuracy the objects in which they delighted or which they regarded with aversion, would have been desirous to enjoy tranquillity and to live in obscurity, escaping the notice of men in general; or else, if he had wished to come forward in public, he would have endeavoured by all means to propitiate the powerful men and those in the highest authority in the country by persevering attentions, as men from whom some advantage or assistance might be expected, if any pursuers should come after him and endeavour to drag him away by force. , But this man proceeded by the path which was the exact opposite of that which was the probable one for him to take, following the healthy impulses of his soul, and not allowing any one of them to be impeded in its progress. On which account, at times, with the fervour of youth, he attempted things beyond his existing strength; looking upon justice as an irresistible power, by which he was encouraged so as to go spontaneously to the assistance of the weaker side., I will also mention one action which was done by him at that time, even although it may be but a trifling one in appearance, but still it proceeded from a lofty spirit. The Arabs are great breeders of cattle, and they all feed their flocks together, not merely men, but also women, and youths, and maidens with them, and this, too, not merely in the obscurer classes and lower ranks of life, but also among the most eminent persons of the nation. , Now there were seven damsels, whose father was the priest, and they all came to a certain fountain leading their flocks, and having loosened their vessels and let them down by thongs they succeeded one another in drawing up the water, so as for them all to have an equal share in the work; and in this way they cheerfully and rapidly filled the troughs which were at hand. , And when other shepherds came up they disregarded the weakness of the damsels and endeavoured to drive them away with their flocks, and then brought their own herds to the drink that was prepared, desiring to reap the fruits of the labour of others. , But Moses, seeing what was done, for he was at no great distance, hastened and ran up; and, when he had come near to them, he said: "Will not you desist from behaving thus unjustly, thinking this solitary place a fitting field for the exercise of your covetousness? Are you not ashamed to have such cowardly arms and hands? You are long-haired people, female flesh, and not men. The damsels behave like vigorous youths, hesitating about nothing that they ought to do; but you, young men, are now behaving lazily, like girls. , Will you not depart? Will you not be off and give place to those who arrived first, to whom the water belongs, and who are entitled to it; when you ought rather to have drawn water for them, that so they might have had it in greater abundance? And are you, on the contrary, endeavouring to take away from them what they themselves have got ready? "But I swear, by the celestial eye of justice, which sees what is done even in the most solitary places, that you shall not take it from them. , And at all events, now justice has sent me and appointed me to bring them assistance who never expected such an officer; for I am an ally to these damsels who are thus injured by violence, and I come with a might which you evil-doers and covetous people cannot face, but you shall feel it wounding you in an invisible manner, if you do not change your ways." , He said this; and they, being alarmed at his words, since while he was speaking he appeared inspired, and his appearance became changed, so that he looked like a prophet, and fearing lest he might be uttering divine oracles and predictions, they obeyed and became submissive, and brought back the flock of the maidens to the troughs, first of all removing their own cattle., So the damsels went home exceedingly delighted, and they related all that had happened to them beyond their hopes, so that they wished their father with an earnest desire to see the stranger. At all events he blamed them for their ingratitude, speaking as follows: "What were ye about, that ye let him go, when you ought at once to have brought him hither, and to have entreated him to come if he declined? Or when did you see any inhospitality in me? Or do you expect never again to fall into difficulties? Those who are forgetful of services must needs lack defenders, but nevertheless hasten after him, for as yet the error which you have committed may be repaired; and go with haste and invite him first of all to a hospitable reception, and then endeavour to requite his service, for great thanks are due to him." , So they made haste, and went after him, and overtook him at no great distance from the fountain; and when they had delivered their father\'s message to him, they persuaded him to return home with them. And their father was at once greatly struck by his appearance, and soon afterwards he learnt to admire his wisdom, for great natures are very easily discovered, and do not require a length of time to be appreciated, and so he gave him the most beautiful of his daughters to be his wife, conjecturing by that one action of his how completely good and excellent he was, and testifying that what is good is the only thing which deserves to be loved, and that it does not require any external recommendation, but bears in itself proofs by which it may be known and understood. , And after his marriage, Moses took his father-in-law\'s herds and tended them, being thus instructed in the lessons proper to qualify him for becoming the leader of a people, for the business of a shepherd is a preparation for the office of a king to any one who is destined to preside over that most manageable of all flocks, mankind, just as hunting is a good training-school for men of warlike dispositions; for they who are practising with a view to learning the management of an army, previously study the science of hunting, brute animals being as some raw material exposed to their attacks in order for them to practise the art of commanding on each occasion of war or of peace, , for the pursuit of wild beasts is a training-school of strategy to be developed against enemies, and the care and management of tame animals is a royal training for the government of subjects; for which reason kings are called shepherds of their people, not by way of reproach, but as a most especial and pre-eminent honour. , And it appears to me, who have examined the matter not with any reference to the opinions of the many, but solely with regard to truth (and he may laugh who pleases, Therefore Moses, having become the most skilful herdsman of his time, and the most prudent provider of all the necessary things for his flock, and of all things which tended to their advantage, because he never delayed or hesitated, but exerted a voluntary and spontaneous cheerfulness in all things necessary for the animals under his charge, , saw his flocks increase with great joy and guileless good faith, so that he soon incurred the envy of the other herdsmen, who saw nothing in their own flocks resembling the condition of his; but they thought themselves well off if they continued as before, while the flock of Moses would have been thought to be falling off if it had not improved, every day, by reason of the vast augmentations that it was in the habit of receiving in beauty from its high condition and fatness, and in number from the prolific character of the females, and the wholesome way in which it was fed and managed. , And when Moses was leading his flock into a situation full of good water and good grass, where there was also a great deal of herbage especially suitable for sheep, he came upon a certain grove in a valley, where he saw a most marvellous sight. There was a bush or briar, a very thorny plant, and very weak and supple. This bush was on a sudden set in a blaze without any one applying any fire to it, and being entirely enveloped from the root to the topmost branch by the abundant flame, as though it had proceeded from some fountain showering fire over it, it nevertheless remained whole without being consumed, like some impassible essence, and not as if it were itself the natural fuel for fire, but rather as if it were taking the fire for its own fuel. , And in the middle of the flame there was seen a certain very beautiful form, not resembling any visible thing, a most Godlike image, emitting a light more brilliant than fire, which any one might have imagined to be the image of the living God. But let it be called an angel, because it merely related (dieµngelleto, For the burning bush was a symbol of the oppressed people, and the burning fire was a symbol of the oppressors; and the circumstance of the burning bush not being consumed was an emblem of the fact that the people thus oppressed would not be destroyed by those who were attacking them, but that their hostility would be unsuccessful and fruitless to the one party, and the fact of their being plotted against would fail to be injurious to the others. The angel, again, was the emblem of the providence of God, who mitigates circumstances which appear very formidable, so as to produce from them great tranquillity beyond the hopes or expectation of any one., But we must now accurately investigate the comparison here made. The briar, as has been already said, is a most weak and supple plant, yet it is not without thorns, so that it wounds one if one only touches it. Nor was it consumed by fire, which is naturally destructive, but on the contrary it was preserved by it, and in addition to not being consumed, it continued just as it was before, and without undergoing any change whatever itself, acquired additional brilliancy. , All these circumstances are an allegory to intimate the suggestions given by the other notions which at that time prevailed, almost crying out in plain words to persons in affliction, "Do not faint; your weakness if your strength, which shall pierce and wound innumerable hosts. You shall be saved rather than destroyed, by those who are desirous to destroy your whole race against their will, so that you shall not be overwhelmed by the evils with which they will afflict you, but when your enemies think most surely that they are destroying you, then you shall most brilliantly shine out in glory." , Again, the fire, which is a destructive essence, convicting the men of cruel dispositions, says, Be not elated so as to rely on your own strength; be admonished rather when you see irresistible powers destroyed. The consuming power of flame is itself consumed like firewood, and the wood, which is by its intrinsic nature capable of being burnt, burns other things visibly like fire., God, having shown this prodigious and miraculous sight to Moses, gave him, in this way, a most visible lesson as to the events which are about to be accomplished; and he begins to exhort him, by divine admonitions and predictions, to apply himself to the government of his nation, as one who was to be not only the author of its freedom, but also its leader in its migration from Egypt, which should take place at no distant period; promising to be present with him as his coadjutor in every thing. , For says God, "I myself have had compassion for a long time on them while ill-treated and subjected to insolence hard to be borne, while there was no man to lighten their sufferings, nor to pity their calamities; for I have seen them all, each individual privately and the whole nation, with one accord turning to address supplications and prayer to me, and hoping for assistance from me. And I am by nature merciful, and propitious to all sincere suppliants. , But go thou to the king of the country, without fearing any thing whatever; for the former king is dead from whom you fled for fear of his plotting against thee. And another king now governs the land, who has no ill-will against thee on account of any thing, and who has taken the elders of the nation into his council; tell him that the whole nation is called forth by me, by my divine oracle, that in accordance with the customs of their ancestors they may depart three days\' journey out of the country, and there may sacrifice unto me." , But Moses, not being ignorant that even his own countrymen would distrust his word, and also that every one else would do so, said, "If then they ask what is the name of him who sent thee, and if I know not what to reply to them, shall I not seem to be deceiving them?" , And God said, "At first say unto them, I am that I am, that when they have learnt that there is a difference between him that is and him that is not, they may be further taught that there is no name whatever that can properly be assigned to me, who am the only being to whom existence belongs. , And if, inasmuch as they are weak in their natural abilities, they shall inquire further about my appellation, tell them not only this one fact that I am God, but also that I am the God of those men who have derived their names from virtue, that I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, one of whom is the rule of that wisdom which is derived from teaching, another of natural wisdom, and the third of that which is derived from practice. And if they are still distrustful they shall be taught by these tokens, and then they shall change their dispositions, seeing such signs as no man has hitherto either seen or heard." , Now the tokens were as follows. The rod which Moses held in his hand God ordered him to throw down on the ground; and immediately it received life, and crawled along, and speedily became the most powerful of all the animals which want feet, namely an immense serpent, complete in all its parts. And when Moses retreated from the beast, and out of fear was on the point of taking to flight, he was called back again; and when God laid his commands upon him, and inspired him with courage, he laid hold of it by the tail; , and the serpent, though still crawling onwards, stopped at his touch, and being stretched out at its full length again returned to its original elements and because the same rod as before, so that Moses marvelled at both the changes, not knowing which was the most wonderful; as he was unable to decide between them, his soul being overwhelmed with these appearances of equal strangeness. , This now was the first sign. The second miraculous token was afforded to him at no great distance of time. God commanded him to put one of his hands in his bosom and hide it there, and a moment afterwards to draw it out again. And when he had done what he was commanded, his hand in a moment appeared whiter than snow. Again, when he had put his hand a second time into his bosom, and had a second time drawn it forth, it returned to its original complexion, and resumed its proper appearance. , These two lessons he was taught in solitude, when he was alone with God, like a pupil alone with his master, and having about him the instruments with which these wonders were worked, namely, his hand and his rod, with which indeed he walked along the road. , But the third he could not carry about with him, nor could he be instructed as to that beforehand; but it was destined to astonish him not less than the others, deriving the origin of its existence from Egypt. And this was its character. God said, "The water of the river, as much as you can take up in your hand and pour upon the ground shall be dark blood, being both in colour and in power transformed with a complete transformation." , And, as was natural, this also appeared credible to Moses, not merely by reason of the truth-telling nature of the speaker but also because of the marvels that had already been shown to him, with respect to his hand and to his rod. , But though he believed the words of God, nevertheless he tried to avoid the office to which God was appointing him, urging that he was a man of a weak voice, and slow of speech, and not eloquent, and especially so ever since he had heard God himself speaking. For judging the greatest human eloquence to be mere speechlessness in comparison with the truth, and being also prudent and cautious by nature, he shrunk from the undertaking, thinking such great matters proper for proud and bold men and not for him. And he entreated God to choose some one else who would be able easily to accomplish all the commands which he thus laid upon him. , But he approved of his modesty, and said, "Art thou ignorant who it is that giveth to man a mouth, and who has formed his windpipe and his tongue, and all the apparatus of the articulate voice? I am he. Therefore, fear thou nothing. For when I approve, every thing will become articulate and clear, and will change for the better, and improve; so that no one shall hinder thee, but the stream of thy words shall flow forth in a rapid and smooth current as if from a pure fountain. And if there is any need of an interpreter, thou shalt have thy brother, who will be a subordinate mouthpiece for thee, that he may utter to the multitude the words which he receives from thee, while thou utterest to him the words that thou receivest from God.", Having heard these things (for it as not at all safe or free from danger to oppose the commands of God, And when they thus arrived in Egypt with one mind and soul, they first of all collected together the elders of the nation in a secret place, and there they laid the commands of God before them, and told them how God had conceived pity and compassion for them, promised them freedom and a departure from thence to a better country, promising also that he himself would be their guide on their road. , And after these events, they take courage now to converse with the king with respect to sending forth their people from his territories that they might sacrifice to God; for they said, "That it was necessary that their national sacrifices should be accomplished in the wilderness, inasmuch as they were not performed in the same manner as the sacred rites of other nations, but according to a system and law removed from the ordinary course, on account of the special peculiarities of their habits." , But the monarch, who from his cradle had had his soul filled with all the arrogance of his ancestors, and who had no notion in the world of any God appreciable only by the intellect apart from those objects which are visible to the sight, answered them with insolence, saying, "Who is it whom I am to obey? I know not this new Lord of whom you are speaking. I will not let the nation go to be disobedient and headstrong under pretence of fasts and sacrifices." , And then, like a man of cruel and passionate disposition and implacable in his anger, he commanded the overseers of the works to oppress them still more, because they had previously given them some relaxation and leisure, saying that, it was from this relaxation and leisure, that their forming designs of feasting and sacrifice had arisen; for that men who were in great straits did not think of these things, but only those whose life had been spent in much east and luxury. , Therefore the Jews had now to endure more terrible afflictions than before, and were indigt at Moses and his brother as deceivers, and accused them, sometimes secretly and sometimes openly, and charged them with impiety in appearing to have spoken falsely against God; and accordingly Moses began to exhibit the marvellous wonders which he had been previously taught, thinking that thus he should be able to bring over those who saw them from their former incredulity to believe all that he said. , And this exhibition of prodigies was carefully displayed before the king and magistrates of the Egyptians., But all the sophists and magicians who were present said, "Why are you thus alarmed? we also are not unpractised in such tricks as these, and we are skilled in an art which can produce similar effects." And then each of them threw down the rod which he held in his hand, and so there was a multitude of serpents which went crawling about that rod which had first been changed. , And that serpent, with the excess of his power, raised himself up on high, and dilated his chest, and opened his mouth, and with the violent impulse of an attractive drawing in of his breath, drew them all towards him as if he had surrounded a large cast of fishes in a net cast around them, and then, when he had swallowed them all, he returned to his original nature of a stick. , So now the marvellous sight thus exhibited to them wrought a fear in the soul of every one of these wicked and malicious men, so that they no longer fancied that what was done was the trick or artifice of men, devised merely for deceit; but they saw that it was a more divine power which was the cause of these things, to which all things are easy. , But when by the evident might of what was done they were compelled to confess this, they still were not the less audacious, clinging to their original inhumanity and impiety as to some inalienable virtue, and not pitying those who were unjustly enslaved, nor doing any such things as they were commanded by the word of God. And though God himself had declared his will to them by demonstrations clearer than any verbal commands, namely, by signs and wonders, still they required a yet more severe impression to be made upon them, and it was necessary for him to rise up against them with still greater power; and accordingly, those foolish men, whom reason and command could not influence, are corrected by a series of afflictions: and ten punishments were inflicted on the land; , so that the number of the chastisements might be complete which was inflicted upon those who had completed their sins; and the punishment far transcended all ordinary visitations., And he divided his punishments, entrusting three, those which proceeded from those elements which are composed of more solid parts, namely, earth and water, from which all the corporeal distinctive realities are perfected, to the brother of Moses. An equal number, those which proceeded from the elements which are the most prolific of life, namely, air and fire, he committed to Moses himself alone. One, the seventh, he entrusted to both in common; the other three, to make up the whole number of ten, he reserved for himself. , And first of all he began to bring on the plagues derived from water; for as the Egyptians used to honour the water in an especial degree, thinking that it was the first principle of the creation of the universe, he thought it fitting to summon that first to the affliction and correction of those who thus honoured it. , What then happened no long time after the events I have already mentioned? The brother of Moses, by the divine command, smote with his rod upon the river, and immediately, throughout its whole course, from Ethiopia down to the sea, it is changed into blood and simultaneously with its change, all the lakes, and ditches, and fountains, and wells, and spring, and every particle of water in all Egypt, was changed into blood, so that, for want of drink, they digged round about the banks of the river, but the streams that came up were like veins of the body in a hoemorrhage, and spirted up channels of blood like springs, no transparent water being seen anywhere. , And all the different kinds of fish died, inasmuch as all the vivifying power of the river was changed to a destructive power, so that everything was everywhere filled with foetid odours, from such vast number of bodies putrifying all together. Moreover, a great number of men perished from thirst, and their bodies lay in heaps in the roads, since their relations had not strength to convey those who had died to the tombs; , for this evil lasted seven days, until the Egyptians entreated Moses, and Moses entreated God, to show pity on those who were thus perishing. And God, being merciful in his nature, changed the blood back again to wholesome water, restoring to the river its pristine clear and vivifying streams., But again, after a brief respite, the Egyptians returned to the same cruelty and carelessness as before, as if either justice had been utterly banished from among men, or as if those who had endured one punishment were not wont to be chastised a second time; but when they suffered they were taught like young children, not to despise those who corrected them; for the punishment which followed, on the track of the last, was slow indeed to come, while they were also slow, but when they hastened to do wrong, it ran after them and overtook them. , For again, the brother of Moses, being ordered to do so, stretched out his hand and held his rod over all the canals, and lakes, and marches; and at the holding forth of his rod, so immense a multitude of frogs came up, that not only the market-place, and all the spots open to the air, were filled with them, but likewise all the stables for cattle, the houses, and all the temples, and every building, public or private, as if nature had designed to send forth one race of aquatic animals into the opposite region of earth, to form a colony there, for the opposite region to water is earth. , Inasmuch then as they could not go out of doors, because all the passages were blocked up, and could not remain in-doors, for the frogs had already occupied all the recesses, and had crawled up to the very highest parts of the houses, they were now in the very greatest distress, and in complete despair of safety. , Again, therefore, they have recourse to the same means of escape by entreating Moses, and the king now promised to permit the Hebrews to depart, and they propitiated God with prayers. And when God consented, some of the frogs at once returned into the river, and there were also heaps of those which died in the roads, and the people also brought loads of them out of their houses, on account of the intolerable stench which proceeded from them, and the smell from their dead carcases, in such numbers, went up to heaven, especially as frogs, even while alive, cause great annoyance to the outward senses., And when they had a little recovered from this punishment, then, like wrestlers at the games, who have recovered fresh strength after a struggle, that so they may contend again with renewed vigour, they again returned to their original wickedness, forgetting the evils which they had already experienced. , And when God had put an end to the punishments which were to proceed out of the water, he brought up others out of the land, still employing the same minister of punishment; and he now, in obedience to the command which he received, smote the ground with his rod, and an abundance of lice was poured out everywhere, and it extended like a cloud, and covered the whole of Egypt. , And that little animal, even though it is very small, is exceedingly annoying; for not only does it spoil the appearance, creating unseemly and injurious itchings, but it also penetrates into the inmost parts, entering in at the nostrils and ears? And it flies into the eyes and injures the pupils, unless one takes great care; and what care could be taken against so extensive a plague, especially when it was God who was inflicting the punishment? , And perhaps some one may here ask why God punished the land with such insignificant and generally despised animals, omitting bears, and lions, and leopards, and the other races of wild beasts who devour human flesh; and if he did not send these, at least, he might have sent Egyptian asps, the bites of which have naturally the power to cause death instantly. , But if such a man really does not know, let him learn, first of all, that God was desirous rather to admonish the Egyptians than to destroy them: for if he had designed to destroy them utterly once for all, he would not have employed animals to be, as it were, his coadjutors in the work of destruction, but rather such heaven-sent afflictions as famine and pestilence; , and in the second place, let him also learn a lesson which is necessary to be learnt, and applicable to every condition and age of life; and what is the lesson? This; that men, when they make war, seek out the most mighty powers to gain them over to their alliance, such as shall make amends for their own want of power: but God, who is the supreme and mightiest of all powers, having need of no assistant, if ever he desires to use any instruments as it were for the punishments which he desires to inflict, does not choose the most mighty or the greatest things as his ministers, since he takes but little heed of their capacity, but he uses insignificant and small agents, which he renders irresistible and invincible powers, and by their means he chastises those who do wrong, as he does in this instance, , for what can be more insignificant than a louse? And yet it was so powerful that all Egypt fainted under the host of them, and was compelled to cry out, that "this is the anger of God." For all the earth put together, from one end to the other, could not withstand the hand of God, no nor all the universe., Such then were the chastisements which were inflicted by the agency of the brother of Moses. But those in which Moses himself was the minister, and from what parts of nature they were derived, must be next considered. Now next after the earth and the water, the air and the heaven, which are the purest portions of the essences of the universe, succeeded them as the medium of the correction of the Egyptians: and of this correction Moses was the minister; , and first of all he began to operate upon the air. For Egypt almost alone, if you except those countries which lie to the south of the equator, never is subject to that one of the seasons of the year which is called winter, perhaps, as some say, from the fact of its not being at any great distance from the torrid zone, since the essence of fire flows from that quarter in an invisible manner, and scorches everything all around, or perhaps it is because the river overflows at the time of the summer solstice, and so consumes all the clouds before they can collect for winter; , for the river begins to rise at the beginning of the summer, and to fall towards the end of summer; during which period the etesian gales increase in violence blowing from a direction opposite to the mouths of the Nile, and by which it is prevented from flowing freely into the sea, and by the violence of which winds, the sea itself is also raised to a considerable height, and erects vast waves like a long wall, and so the river is agitated within the country. And then when the two streams meet together, the river descending from its sources above, and the waters which ought to escape abroad being turned back by the beating of the sea, and not being able to extend their breadth, for the banks on each side of the river confine its streams, the river, as is natural, rises to a height, and breaks its bounds; , perhaps also it does so because it was superfluous for winter to occur in Egypt; for the object for which showers of rain are usually serviceable, is in this instance provided for by the river which overflows the fields, and turns them into one vast lake, to make them productive of the annual crops; , but nature does not expend her powers to no purpose when they are not wanted, so as to provide rain for a land which does not require it, but it rejoices in the variety and diversity of scientific operations, and arranges the harmony of the universe from a number of opposite qualities. And for this reason it supplies the benefits which are derivable from water, to some countries, by bestowing it on them from above, namely from heaven, and to others it gives it from below by means of springs and rivers; , though then the land was thus arranged, and enjoyed spring during the winter solstice, and since it is only the parts along the seacoasts that are ever moistened with a few drops of rain, and since the country beyond Memphis, where the palace of the king of Egypt is, does never even see snow at all; now, on the contrary, the air suddenly assumed a new appearance, so that all the things which are seen in the most stormy and wintry countries, come upon it all together; abundance of rain, and torrents of dense and ceaseless hail, and heavy winds met together and beat against one another with violence; and the clouds burst, and there were incessant lightnings, and thunders, and continued roarings, and flashes which made a most wonderful and fearful appearance. For though the lightning and the thunderbolts penetrated and descended through the hail, being quite a contrary substance, still they did not melt it, nor were the flashes extinguished by it, but they remained as they were before, and ran up and down in long lines, and even preserved the hail. , And not only did the excessive violence of the storm drive all the inhabitants to excessive despair, but the unprecedented character of the visitation tended likewise to the same point. For they believed, as was indeed the case, that all these novel and fearful calamities were caused by the divine anger, the air having assumed a novel appearance, such as it had never worn before, to the destruction and overthrow of all trees and fruits, by which also great numbers of animals were destroyed, some in consequence of the exceeding cold, others though the weight of the hail which fell upon them, as if they had been stoned, while some again were destroyed by the fire of the lightning. And some remained half consumed, bearing the marks of the wounds caused by the thunderbolts, for the admonition and warning of all who saw them., And when this evil had abated, and when the king and his court had again resumed their confidence, Moses stretched forth his rod into the air, at the command of God. And then a south wind of an uncommon violence set in, which increased in intensity and vehemence the whole of that day and night, being of itself a very great affliction; for it is a drying wind, causing headaches, and terrible to bear, calculated to cause grief, and terror, and perplexity in Egypt above all countries, inasmuch as it lies to the south, in which part of the heaven the revolutions of the light-giving stars take place, so that whenever that wind is set in motion, the light of the sun and its fire is driven in that direction and scorches up every thing. , And with this wind a countless number of animals was brought over the land, animals destroying all plants, locusts, which devoured every thing incessantly like a stream, consuming all that the thunderstorms and the hail had left, so that there was not a green shoot seen any longer in all that vast country. , And then at length the men in authority came, though late, to an accurate perception of the evils that had come upon them, and came and said to the king, "How long wilt thou refuse to permit the men to depart? Dost thou not understand, from what has already taken place, that Egypt is destroyed?" And he agreed to all they said, yielding as far as appearances went at least; but again, when the evil was abated at the prayer of Moses, the wind came from the sea side, and took up the locusts and scattered them. , And when they had been completely dispersed, and when the king was again obstinate respecting the allowing the nation to depart, a greater evil than the former ones was descended upon him. For while it was bright daylight, on a sudden, a thick darkness overspread the land, as if an eclipse of the sun more complete than any common one had taken place. And it continued with a long series of clouds and impenetrable density, all the course of the sun\'s rays being cut off by the massive thickness of the veil which was interposed, so that day did not at all differ from night. For what indeed did it resemble, but one very long night equal in length to three days and an equal number of nights? , And at this time they say that some persons threw themselves on their beds, and did not venture to rise up, and that some, when any of the necessities of nature overtook them, could only move with difficulty by feeling their way along the walls or whatever else they could lay hold of, like so many blind men; for even the light of the fire lit for necessary uses was either extinguished by the violence of the storm, or else it was made invisible and overwhelmed by the density of the darkness, so that that most indispensable of all the external senses, namely, sight, though unimpaired, was deprived of its office, not being able to discern any thing, and all the other senses were overthrown like subjects, the leader having fallen down. , For neither was any one able to speak or to hear, nor could any one venture to take food, but they lay themselves down in quiet and hunger, not exercising any of the outward senses, but being wholly overwhelmed by the affliction, till Moses again had compassion on them, and besought God in their behalf. And he restored fine weather, and produced light instead of darkness, and day instead of night., Such, they say, were the punishments inflicted by the agency of Moses alone, the plague, namely, of hail and thunderstorms, the plague of locusts, and the plague of darkness, which rejected every imaginable description of light. Then he himself and his brother brought on one together, which I shall proceed to relate. , At the command of God they both took up ashes from the furnace in their hands, which Moses on his part sprinkled in the air. Then a dust arose on a sudden, and produced a terrible, and most painful, and incurable ulceration over the whole skin both of man and of the brute beasts; and immediately their bodies became swollen with the pustules, having blisters all over them full of matter which any one might have supposed were burning underneath and ready to burst; , and the men were, as was natural, oppressed with pain and excessive agony from the ulceration and inflammation, and they suffered in their souls even more than in their bodies, being wholly exhausted with anguish. For there was one vast uninterrupted sore to be seen from head to foot, those which covered any particular part of any separate limb spreading so as to become confused into one huge ulcer; until again, at the supplication of the lawgiver, which he made on behalf of the sufferers, the disease became more tolerable. , Therefore, in this instance the two brothers afforded the Egyptians this warning in unison, and very properly; the brother of Moses acting by means of the dust which rose up, since to him had been committed the superintendence of the things which proceeded from the earth; and Moses, by means of the air which was thus changed for the affliction of the inhabitants, and his ministrations were assigned to the afflictions to be cause by the air and by the heaven., The remaining punishments are three in number, and they were inflicted by God himself without any agency or ministration of man, each of which I will now proceed to relate as well I can. The first is that which was inflicted by means of that animal which is the boldest in all nature, namely, the dog-fly (kynomuia, And so the dog-fly, having derived boldness from both these animals, is a biting and treacherous creature; for it shoots in from a distance with a whizzing sound like an arrow; and when it has reached its mark it sticks very closely with great force. , But at this time its attack was prompted by God, so that its treachery and hostility were redoubled, since it not only displayed all its own natural covetousness, but also all that eagerness which it derived from the divine providence which went it forth, and armed it and excited it to acts of valour against the natives. , And after the dog-fly there followed another punishment unconnected with any human agency, namely, the mortality among the cattle; for all the herds of oxen, and flocks of goats, and vast flocks of sheep, and all the beasts of burden, and all other domestic animals of every kind died in one day in a body, as if by some agreement or at some given signal; foreshowing the destruction of human beings which was about to take place a short time afterwards as in a pestilential disease; for the sudden destruction of irrational animals is said to be an ordinary prelude to pestilential diseases., After which the tenth and last punishment came, exceeding in terror all that had gone before, namely, the death of the Egyptians themselves. Not of them all, for God had not decreed to make the whole country desolate, but only to correct it. Nor even of the greatest number of the men and women of every age all together, but he permitted the rest to live, and only passed sentence of death on all the first-born, beginning with the eldest of the king\'s sons, and ceasing with the first-born son of the most obscure grinder at the mill; , for, about midnight, all those children who had been the first to address their fathers and their mothers, and who had also been the first to be addressed by them as their sons, though they were in good health and in full vigour of body, all, without any apparent cause, were suddenly slain in the flower of their youth; and they say that there was not a single house in the whole land which was exempt from the visitation. , But at dawn of day, as was natural, when every one beheld his nearest and dearest relatives unexpectedly dead, with whom up to the evening before they had lived in one home and at one table, being overwhelmed with the most bitter grief, filled every place with lamentation. So that it came to pass, on account of the universality of the calamity, as all men were weeping altogether with one accord, that there was but one universal sound of wailing heard over the whole land from one end to the other. , And, for a while, they remained in their houses, no one being aware of the misfortune which had befallen his neighbour, but lamenting only for his individual loss. But when any one went out of doors and learnt the misfortunes of others also, he at once felt a double sorrow, grieving for the common calamity, in addition to his own private misfortune, a greater and more grievous sorrow being thus added to the lesser and lighter one, so that every one felt deprived of all hope of consolation. For who was likely to comfort another when he himself stood in need of the same consolation? , But, as is usual in such circumstances, men thinking that the present evils were the beginning of greater ones, and being filled with fear lest those who were still living should also be destroyed, ran weeping to the king\'s palace, and rent their clothes, and cried out against the sovereign, as the cause of all the terrible evils that had befallen them. , "For if," said they, "immediately when Moses at the beginning first came to him he had allowed his nation to depart, we should never have experienced any one of the miseries that have befallen us at all. But he yielded to his natural obstinacy and haughtiness, and so we have reaped the ready reward of his unreasonable contentiousness." Then one man encouraged another to drive the Jewish people with all speed out of the whole country, and not to allow them to remain one day, or rather one single hour, looking upon every moment that they abode among them as an irremediable calamity., So they, being now driven out of the land and pursued, coming at last to a proper notion of their own nobility and worth, ventured upon a deed of daring such as became the free to dare, as men who were not forgetful of the iniquitous plots that had been laid against them; , for they carried off abundant booty, which they themselves collected, by means of the hatred in which they were held, and some of it they carried themselves, submitting to heavy burdens, and some they placed upon their beasts of burden, not in order to gratify any love of money, or, as any usurer might say, because they coveted their neighbours\' goods. (How should they do so?, So they now prospered in both particulars: whether in that they received wages as it in price, which they now exacted from unwilling paymasters, who for a long period had not paid them at all; and, also, as if they were at war, they looked upon it as fitting to carry off the treasures of the enemy, according to the laws of conquerors; for it was the Egyptians who had set the example of acts of injustice, having, as I said before, enslaved foreigners and suppliants, as if they had been prisoners taken in war. And so they now, when an opportunity offered, avenged themselves without any preparation of arms, justice itself holding a shield over them, and stretching forth its hand to help them., Such, then, were the afflictions and punishments by which Egypt was corrected; not one of which ever touched the Hebrews, although they were dwelling in the same cities and villages, and even houses, as the Egyptians, and touching the same earth and water, and air and fire, which are all component parts of nature, and which it is impossible to escape from. And this is the most extraordinary and almost incredible thing, that, by the very same events happening in the same place and at the same time, one people was destroyed and the other people was preserved. , The river was changed into blood, but not to the Hebrews; for when these latter went to draw water from it, it underwent another change and became drinkable. Frogs went up from the water upon the land, and filled all the market-places, and stables, and dwelling-houses; but they retreated from before the Hebrews alone, as if they had been able to distinguish between the two nations, and to know which people it was proper should be punished and which should be treated in the opposite manner. , No lice, no dog-flies, no locusts, which greatly injured the plants, and the fruits, and the animals, and the human beings, ever descended upon the Hebrews. Those unceasing storms of rain and hail, and thunder and lightning, which continued so uninterruptedly, never reached them; they never felt, no not even in their dreams, that most terrible ulceration which caused the Egyptians so much suffering; when that most dense darkness descended upon the others, they were living in bright daylight, a brilliancy as of noon-day shining all around them; when, among the Egyptians, all the first-born were slain, not one of the Hebrews died; for it was not likely, since even that destruction of such countless flocks and herds of cattle never carried off or injured a single flock or a single beats belonging to the Hebrews. , And it seems to me that if any one had been present to see all that happened at that time, he would not have conceived any other idea than that the Hebrews were there as spectators of the miseries which the other nation was enduring; and, not only that, but that they were also there for the purpose of being taught that most beautiful and beneficial of all lessons, namely, piety. For a distinction could otherwise have never been made so decidedly between the good and the bad, giving destruction to the one and salvation to the other., And of those who now went forth out of Egypt and left their abodes in that country, the men of age to bear arms were more than six hundred thousand men, and the other multitude of elders, and children, and women were so great that it was not easy to calculate it. Moreover, there also went forth with them a mixed multitude of promiscuous persons collected from all quarters, and servants, like an illegitimate crowd with a body of genuine citizens. Among these were those who had been born to Hebrew fathers by Egyptian women, and who were enrolled as members of their father\'s race. And, also, all those who had admired the decent piety of the men, and therefore joined them; and some, also, who had come over to them, having learnt the right way, by reason of the magnitude and multitude of the incessant punishments which had been inflicted on their own countrymen. , of all these men, Moses was elected the leader; receiving the authority and sovereignty over them, not having gained it like some men who have forced their way to power and supremacy by force of arms and intrigue, and by armies of cavalry and infantry, and by powerful fleets, but having been appointed for the sake of his virtue and excellence and that benevolence towards all men which he was always feeling and exhibiting; and, also, because God, who loves virtue, and piety, and excellence, gave him his authority as a well-deserved reward. , For, as he had abandoned the chief authority in Egypt, which he might have had as the grandson of the reigning king, on account of the iniquities which were being perpetrated in that country, and by reason of his nobleness of soul and of the greatness of his spirit, and the natural detestation of wickedness, scorning and rejecting all the hopes which he might have conceived from those who had adopted him, it seemed good to the Ruler and Governor of the universe to recompense him with the sovereign authority over a more populous and more powerful nation, which he was about to take to himself out of all other nations and to consecrate to the priesthood, that it might for ever offer up prayers for the whole universal race of mankind, for the sake of averting evil from them and procuring them a participation in blessings. , And when he had received this authority, he did not show anxiety, as some persons do, to increase the power of his own family, and promote his sons (for he had two, for he kept one most invariable object always steadily before him, namely, that of benefiting those who were subjected to his authority, and of doing everything both in word and deed, with a view to their advantage, never omitting any opportunity of doing anything that might tend to their prosperity. , Therefore he alone of all the persons who have ever enjoyed supreme authority, neither accumulated treasures of silver and gold, nor levied taxes, nor acquired possession of houses, or property, or cattle, or servants of his household, or revenues, or anything else which has reference to magnificence and superfluity, although he might have acquired an unlimited abundance of them all. , But as he thought it a token of poverty of soul to be anxious about material wealth, he despised it as a blind thing, but he honoured the far-sighted wealth of nature, and was as great an admirer as any one in the world of that kind of riches, as he showed himself to be in his clothes, and in his food, and in his whole system and manner of life, not indulging in any theatrical affectation of pomp and magnificence, but cultivating the simplicity and unpretending affable plainness of a private individual, but a sumptuousness which was truly royal, in those things which it is becoming for a ruler to desire and to abound in; , and these things are, temperance, and fortitude, and continence, and presence of mind, and acuteness, and knowledge, and industry, and patience under evil, and contempt of pleasure, and justice, and exhortations to virtue and blame, and lawful punishment of offenders, and, on the contrary, praise and honour to those who did well in accordance with law., Therefore, as he had utterly discarded all desire of gain and of those riches which are held in the highest repute among men, God honoured him, and gave him instead the greatest and most perfect wealth; and this is the Wealth{2}{the text here is very corrupt.} of all the earth and sea, and of all the rivers, and of all the other elements, and all combinations whatever; for having judged him deserving of being made a partaker with himself in the portion which he had reserved for himself, he gave him the whole world as a possession suitable for his heir: , therefore, every one of the elements obeyed him as its master, changing the power which it had by nature and submitting to his commands. And perhaps there was nothing wonderful in this; for if it be true according to the proverb, --"That all the property of friends is common;", for God possesses everything and is in need of nothing; but the good man has nothing which is properly his own, no, not even himself, but he has a share granted to him of the treasures of God as far as he is able to partake of them. And this is natural enough; for he is a citizen of the world; on which account he is not spoken of as to be enrolled as a citizen of any particular city in the habitable world, since he very appropriately has for his inheritance not a portion of a district, but the whole world. , What more shall I say? Has he not also enjoyed an even greater communion with the Father and Creator of the universe, being thought unworthy of being called by the same appellation? For he also was called the god and king of the whole nation, and he is said to have entered into the darkness where God was; that is to say, into the invisible, and shapeless, and incorporeal world, the essence, which is the model of all existing things, where he beheld things invisible to mortal nature; for, having brought himself and his own life into the middle, as an excellently wrought picture, he established himself as a most beautiful and Godlike work, to be a model for all those who were inclined to imitate him. , And happy are they who have been able to take, or have even diligently laboured to take, a faithful copy of this excellence in their own souls; for let the mind, above all other parts, take the perfect appearance of virtue, and if that cannot be, at all events let it feel an unhesitating and unvarying desire to acquire that appearance; , for, indeed, there is no one who does not know that men in a lowly condition are imitators of men of high reputation, and that what they see, these last chiefly desire, towards that do they also direct their own inclinations and endeavours. Therefore, when the chief of a nation begins to indulge in luxury and to turn aside to a delicate and effeminate life, then the whole of his subjects, or very nearly the whole, carry their desire for indulging the appetites of the belly and the parts below the belly beyond all reasonable bounds, except that there may be some persons who, through the natural goodness of their disposition, have a soul far removed from treachery, being rather merciful and kind. , If, on the other hand, the chief of a people adopts a more austere and dignified course of life, then even those of his subjects, who are inclined to be very incontinent, change and become temperate, hastening, either out of fear or out of shame, to give him an idea that they are devoted to the same pursuits and inclinations that he is; and, in fact, the lower orders will never, no, nor will mad men even, reject the customs and habits of their superiors: , but, perhaps, since Moses was also destined to be the lawgiver of his nation, he was himself long previously, through the providence of God, a living and reasonable law, since that providence appointed him to the lawgiver, when as yet he knew nothing of his appointment., When then he received the supreme authority, with the good will of all his subjects, God himself being the regulator and approver of all his actions, he conducted his people as a colony into Phoenicia, and into the hollow Syria (Coele-syria, Then he led them forward, not by the shortest road, partly because he was afraid lest the inhabitants should come out to meet and to resist him in his march, from fear of being overthrown and enslaved by such a multitude, and so, if a war arose, they might be again driven back into Egypt, falling from one enemy to another, and being driven by their new foes upon their ancient tyrants, and so become a sport and a laughingstock to the Egyptians, and have to endure greater and more grievous hardships than before. He was also desirous, by leading them through a desolate and extensive country, to prove them, and see how obedient they would be when they were not surrounded by any abundance of necessaries, but were but scantily provided and nearly in actual want. , Therefore, turning aside from the direct road he found an oblique path, and thinking that it must extend as far as the Red Sea, he began to march by that road, and, they say, that a most portentous miracle happened at that time, a prodigy of nature, which no one anywhere recollects to have ever happened before; , for a cloud, fashioned into the form of a vast pillar, went before the multitude by day, giving forth a light like that of the sun, but by night it displayed a fiery blaze, in order that the Hebrews might not wander on their journey, but might follow the guidance of their leader along the road, without any deviation. Perhaps, indeed, this was one of the ministers of the mighty King, an unseen messenger, a guide of the way enveloped in this cloud, whom it was not lawful for men to behold with the eyes of the body., But when the king of Egypt saw them proceeding along a pathless track, as he fancied, and marching through a rough and untrodden wilderness, he was delighted with the blunder they were making respecting their line of march, thinking that now they were hemmed in, having no way of escape whatever. And, as he repented of having let them go, he determined to pursue them, thinking that he should either subdue the multitude by fear, and so reduce them a second time to slavery, or else that if they resisted he should slay them all from the children upwards. , Accordingly, he took all his force of cavalry, and his darters, and his slingers, and his equestrian archers, and all the rest of his light-armed troops, and he gave his commanders six hundred of the finest of his scythe-bearing chariots, that with all becoming dignity and display they might pursue these men, and join in the expedition and so suing all possible speed, he sallied forth after them and hastened and pressed on the march, wishing to come upon them suddenly before they had any expectation of him. For an unexpected evil is at all times more grievous than one which has been looked for, in proportion as that which has been despised finds it easier to make a formidable attack than that which has been regarded with care. , The king, therefore, with these ideas, pursued after the Hebrews, thinking that he should subdue them by the mere shout of battle. And, when he overtook them, they were already encamped along the shore of the Red Sea. And they were just about to go to breakfast, when, at first, a mighty sound reached them, as was natural from such a host of men and beasts of burden all proceeding on with great haste, so that they all ran out of their tents to look round, and stood on tip-toes to see and hear what was the matter. Then, a short time afterwards, the army of the enemy came in sight as it rose over a hill, all in arms, and ready arranged in line of battle., And the Hebrews, being terrified at this extraordinary and unexpected danger, and not being well prepared for defence, because of a scarcity of defensive armour and of weapons (for they had not marched out for war, but to found a colony, "Because there were no graves in Egypt in which we could be buried after we were dead, have you brought us out hither to kill and bury us here? Or, is not even slavery a lighter evil than death? Having allured the multitude with the hope of liberty, you have caused them to incur a still more grievous danger than slavery, namely, the risk of the loss of life. , Did you not know our simplicity, and the bitterness and cruel anger of the Egyptians? Do you not see the magnitude of the evils which surround us, and from which we cannot escape? What are we to do? Are we, unarmed, to fight against men in complete armour? or shall we flee now that we are hemmed in as by nets cast all around us by our pitiless enemies--hemmed in by pathless deserts and impassable seas? Or, even, if the sea was navigable, how are we to get any vessels to cross over it?" , Moses, when he heard these complaints, pardoned his people, but remembered the oracles of God. And, at the same time, he so divided and distributed his mind and his speech, that with the one he associated invisibly with God, in order that God might deliver him from otherwise inextricable calamities; and, with the other, he encouraged and comforted those who cried out to him, saying: "Do not faint and despair. God does not deliver in the same way that man does. , Why do you only trust such means of deliverance as seem probable and likely? God, when he comes as an assistant, stands in need of no adventitious preparations. It is his peculiar attribute to find a path amid inextricable perplexities. What is impossible to every created being is possible and easy to him above." , Thus he spoke to them while yet standing still. But after a short time he became inspired by God, and being full of the divine spirit and under the influence of that spirit which was accustomed to enter into him, he prophesied and animated them thus: "This army which you behold so splendidly equipped with arms, you shall no more see arrayed against you; for it shall fall, utterly and completely overthrown, so that not a relic shall be seen any more upon the earth, and that not at any distance of time, but this very next night.", He then spoke thus. But when the sun had set, immediately a most violent south wind set in and began to blow, under the influence of which the sea retreated; for, as it was accustomed to ebb and flow, on this occasion it was driven back much further towards the shore, and drawn up in a heap as if into a ravine or a whirlpool. And no stars were visible, but a dense and black cloud covered the whole of the heaven, so that the night became totally dark, to the consternation of the pursuers. , And Moses, at the command of God, smote the sea with his staff. And it was broken and divided into two parts, and one of the divisions at the part where it was broken off, was raised to a height and mounted up, and being thus consolidated like a strong wall, stood quiet and unshaken; and the portion behind the Hebrews was also contracted and raised in, and prevented from proceeding forwards, as if it were held back by invisible reins. And the intermediate space, where the fracture had taken place, was dried up and became a broad, and level, and easy road. When Moses beheld this he marvelled and rejoiced; and, being filled with joy, he encouraged his followers and exhorted them to march forward with all possible speed. , And when they were about to pass over, a most extraordinary prodigy was seen; for the cloud, which had been their guide, and which during all the rest of the period of their march had gone in front of them, now turned back and placed itself at the back of the multitude to guard their rear; and, being situated between the pursuers and the pursued, it guided the one party so as to keep them with safety and perfect freedom from danger, and it checked and embarrassed the others, who were hastening on to pursue them. And, when the Egyptians saw this, they were entirely filled with disorder and confusion, and through their consternation they threw all their ranks into disorder, falling upon one another and endeavouring to flee, when there was no advantage to be derived from flight. , For, at the first appearance of morning, the Hebrews passed over by a dry path, with their wives, and families, and infant children. But the portions of the sea which were rolled up and consolidated on each side overwhelmed the Egyptians with their horses and chariots, the tide being brought back by a strong north wind and poured over them, and coming upon them with vast waves and overpowering billows, so that there was not even a torchbearer left to carry the news of this sudden disaster back to Egypt. , Then the Hebrews, being amazed at this great and wonderful event, gained a victory which they had never hoped for without bloodshed or loss; and, seeing the instantaneous and complete destruction of the enemy, formed two choruses, one of men and the other of women, on the sea shore, and sang hymns of gratitude to God, Moses leading the song of the men, and his sister that of the women; for these two persons were the leaders of the choruses., And when they had departed from the sea they went on for some time travelling, and no longer feeling any apprehension of their enemies. But when water failed them, so that for three days they had nothing to drink, they were again reduced to despondency by thirst, and again began to blame their fate as if they had not enjoyed any good fortune previously; for it always happens that the presence of an existing and present evil takes away the recollection of the pleasure which was caused by former good. , At last, when they beheld some fountains, they ran up full of joy with the idea that they were going to drink, being deceived by ignorance of the truth; for the springs were bitter. Then when they had tasted them they were bowed down by the unexpected disappointment, and fainted, and yielded both in body and soul, lamenting not so much for themselves as for their helpless children, whom they could not endure without tears to behold imploring drink; , and some of those who were of more careless dispositions, and of no settled notions of piety, blamed all that had gone before, as if it had turned out not so as to do them any good, but rather so as to lead them to a suffering of more grievous calamities than ever; saying that it was better for them to die, not only once but three times over, by the hands of their enemies, than to perish with thirst; for they affirmed that a quick and painless departure from life did in no respect differ from freedom from death in the opinion of wise men, but that that was real death which was slow and accompanied by pain; that what was fearful was not to be dead but only to be dying. , When they were lamenting and bewailing themselves in this manner, Moses again besought God, who knew the weakness of all creatures, and especially of men, and the necessary wants of the body which depends for its existence on food, and which is enslaved by those severe task-mistresses, eating and drinking, to pardon his desponding people, and to relieve their want of everything, and that too not after a long interval of time, but by a prompt and undeferred liberality, since by reason of the natural impotency of their mortal nature, they required a very speedy measure of assistance and deliverance. , But he, by his bountiful and merciful power, anticipated their wishes, sending forth and opening the watchful, anxious eye of the soul of his suppliant, and showed him a piece of wood which he bade him take up and throw into the water, which indeed had been made by nature with such a power for that purpose, and which perhaps had a quality which was previously unknown, or perhaps was then first endowed with it, for the purpose of effecting the service which it was then about to perform: , and when he had done that which he was commanded to do, the fountains became changed and sweet and drinkable, so that no one was able to recognise the fact of their having been bitter previously, because there was not the slightest trace or spark of their ancient bitterness left to excite the recollection., And so having appeased their thirst with double pleasure, since the blessing of enjoyment when it comes beyond one\'s hopes delights one still more, and having also replenished their ewers, they departed as from a feast, as if they had been entertained at a luxurious banquet, and as if they were intoxicated not with the drunkenness which proceeds from wine, but with a sober joy which they had imbibed purely, while pledging and being pledged by the piety of the ruler who was leading them; , and so they arrive at a second halting place, well supplied with water, and well shaded with trees, called Aileem, irrigated with twelve fountains, near which were young and vigorous trunks of palm trees to the number of seventy, a visible indication and token of good to the whole nation, to all who were gifted with a clear-sighted intellect. , For the nation itself was divided into twelve tribes, each of which, if pious and religious, would be looked upon in the light of a fountain, since piety is continually pouring forth everlasting and unceasing springs of virtuous actions. And the elders and chiefs of the whole nation were seventy in number, being therefore very naturally likened to palm trees which are the most excellent of all trees, being both most beautiful to behold, and bearing the most exquisite fruit, which has also its vitality and power of existence, not buried in the roots like other trees, but situated high up like the heart of a man, and lodged in the centre of its highest branches, by which it is attended and guarded like a queen as it really is, they being spread all round it. , And the intellect too of those persons who have tasted of holiness has a similar nature; for it has learned to look upwards and to soar on high, and is continually keeping its eye fixed on sublime objects, and investigating divine things, and ridiculing, and scorning all earthly beauty, thinking the last only toys, and divine things the only real and proper objects worthy of its attention., But after these events only a short time elapsed, when they became oppressed by famine through the scarcity of provisions, as if one necessary thing after another was to foil them in succession: for thirst and hunger are very cruel and terrible mistresses, and having portioned out the afflictions between them, attacked them by turns; and it so fell out that when the first calamity was relaxed the second came on, which was most intolerable to those who had to bear it, inasmuch as having only just fancied that they were delivered from thirst, they now found another evil, namely famine, lying in ambush to attack them; , and not only was their present scarcity terrible, but they were also in despair as to the supply of necessary food for the future; for when they saw the vast and extensive desert around them, so utterly unproductive of any kind of crop, their hearts sank within them. For all around were rugged and precipitous rocks, or else a salt and brackish plain, and stony mountains, or deep sands reaching up and forming mountains of inaccessible height; and moreover there was no river, neither winter torrent nor ever-flowing stream; there were no springs, no plant growing from seed, no tree whether for fruit or timber, no animal whether flying or terrestrial, except some few poisonous reptiles born for the destruction of mankind, and serpents, and scorpions. , So then the Hebrews, remembering the plenty and luxury which they had enjoyed in Egypt, and the abundance of all things which was bestowed upon them there, and contrasting it with the universal want of all things which they were now experiencing, were grieved and indigt, and talked the matter over with one another, saying:-- "We left our former abodes and emigrated, from a hope of freedom, happy only in the promises of our leader; as far as his actions go, we are of all men the most miserable. , What will be the end of this long and interminable journey? Everyone else, whether sailing over the sea or marching on foot, has some limit before him at which he will eventually arrive; some being bound for marts and harbours, others for some city or country; but we alone have nothing to look forward to but a pathless desert, and a difficult journey, and terrible hopelessness, and despair; for as we advance, the desert lies before us like an ever open, vast, and pathless sea which widens and increases every day. , But Moses having raised our expectations, and puffed us up with fine speeches, and filled our ears with vain hopes, racks our bodies with hunger and does not give us even necessary food. He has deceived this vast multitude with the name of a settlement in a colony; having first of all led us out of an inhabited country into an uninhabitable district, and now sending us down to the shades below, which is the last journey of life.", Moses, being reviled in this way, was nevertheless not so much grieved at their accusations which they brought against himself, as at the inconstancy of their own resolutions and minds. For though they had already experienced an infinite number of blessings which had befallen them unexpectedly and out of the ordinary course of affairs, they ought, in his opinion, not to have allowed themselves to be led away by any specious or plausible complaints, but to have trusted in him, as they had already received the clearest possible proofs that he spoke truly about everything. , But again, when he came to take into consideration the want of food, than which there is no more terrible evil which can afflict mankind, he pardoned them, knowing that the multitude is by nature inconstant and always moved by present circumstances, which cause it to forget what has gone before, and despair of the future. , Therefore, as they were all in the extremity of suffering, and expecting the most fearful misery which they fancied was lying in ambush for them and close at hand, God, partly by reason of his natural love and compassion for man, and partly because he desired to honour the commander whom he had appointed to govern them, and still more to show his great piety and holiness in all matters whether visible or invisible, pitied them and relieved their distress. , Therefore he now devised an entirely new kind of benefit, that they, being taught by manifest signs and displays of his power, might feel reverence for him, and learn for the future not to be impatient if anything turned out contrary to their wishes, but to endure present evils with fortitude, in the expectation of future blessings. , What then happened? The very next day, about sun-rise, a dense and abundant dew fell in a circle all round about the camp, which rained down upon it gently and quietly in an unusual and unprecedented shower; not water, nor hail, nor snow, nor ice, for these are the things which the changes of the clouds produce in the winter season; but what was now rained down upon them was a very small and light grain, like millet, which, by reason of its incessant fall, rested in heaps before the camp, a most extraordinary sight. And the Hebrews marvelled at it, and inquired of the commander what this rain was, which no man had ever seen before, and for what it was sent. , And he was inspired, and full of the spirit of prophecy, and spoke to them as follows: "A fertile plain has been granted to mortal men, which they cut up into furrows, and plough, and sow, and do everything else which relates to agriculture, providing the yearly fruits so as to enjoy abundance of necessary food. But it is not one portion only of the universe, but the whole world that belongs to God, and all its parts obey their master, supplying everything which he desires that they should supply. , Now therefore, it has seemed good to him that the air should produce food instead of water, since the earth has often brought forth rain; for when the river in Egypt every year overflows with inundations and irrigates all the fields, what else is that but a rain which is showered up from below?" , That other would have been indeed a most surprising fact if it had stopped there; but now he wrought wonders with still more surprising circumstances; for all the population bringing vessels one after another, collected what fell, some putting them upon beasts of burden, others loading themselves and taking them on their shoulders, being prudently eager to provide themselves with necessary food for a longer time. , But it was something that would bear to be stored up and dispensed gradually, since God is accustomed always to give his gifts fresh. Accordingly, they now prepared enough for their immediate necessities and present use, and ate it with pleasure. But of what was left till the next day they found not a morsel unhurt, but it was all changed and fetid, and full of little animals of the kind which usually cause putrefaction. So this they naturally threw away, but they found fresh quantities of it ready for food, so that it fell out that this food was carried down every day with the dew. , But the holy seventh day had an especial honour; for, as it is not permitted to do anything whatever on that day (and it is expressly commanded that men are then to abstain from every work, great or little, I will also relate a circumstance which is more marvellous than even this one; for, though they were travelling for forty years, yet during all this long period of time they had an abundant supply of all necessary things in their appointed order, as is the case in clubs and messes which are regularly measured out with a view to the distribution of what is required by each individual. And, at the same time, they learnt the value of that long-wished for day; , for, having inquired for a long time what the day of the creation of the world as, the day on which the universe was completely finished, and, having received this question from their fathers and their ancestors undecided, they at last, though with great difficulty, did ascertain it, not being taught only by the sacred scriptures, but also by a certain proof which was very distinct; for, as that portion of the manna (as has been already said, And the use was as follows. At dawn they collected what had been showered down, and then they ground or pounded it; and then they roasted it and made every sweet food of it, like honey cheesecake, and so they ate it, without requiring any exceeding skill on the part of the preparers of the food. , But they also had no scarcity of, nor any great distance to go for, the means of making life even luxurious, as if they had been in a populous and productive land, since God had determined out of his great abundance to supply them with plenty of all things which they required even in the wilderness; for, in the evenings, there was an uninterrupted cloud of quails borne to them from the sea, which overshadowed the whole camp, flying very near the ground so as to be easily caught. Therefore, the Hebrews, taking them and preparing them as each individual liked, enjoyed the most exquisite meat, pleasing themselves and varying their food with this necessary and delicious addition., Accordingly, they had a great abundance of these birds, as they never failed. But, a second time, a terrible scarcity of water came upon them and afflicted them; and, as they again speedily began to despair of their safety, Moses, taking his sacred rod with which he had wrought the signs in Egypt, being inspired by God, smote the precipitous rock. , And the rock being struck this seasonable blow, whether it was that there was a spring previously concealed beneath it, or whether water was then for the first time conveyed into it by invisible channels pouring in all together and being forced out with violence, at all events the rock, I say, was cleft open by the force of the blow and poured forth water in a stream, so that it not only then furnished a relief from thirst, but also supplied for a long time an abundance of drink for so many myriads of people. For they filled all their water vessels, as they had done before, from the fountains which were bitter by nature, but which, by divine providence, were changed to sweet water. , And, if any one disbelieves these facts, he neither knows God nor has he ever sought to know him; for, if he had, he would have instantly known, he would have known and surely comprehended, that all these unexpected and extraordinary things are the amusement of God; looking at the things which are really great and deserving of serious attention, namely, the creation of the heaven, and the revolutions of the planets and fixed stars, and the shining of light--of the light of the sun by day and that of the moon by night--and the position of the earth in the most centre spot of the universe, and the vast dominions of the different continents and islands, and the innumerable varieties of animals and plants, and the effusion of the sea, and the rapid courses of the ever-flowing rivers and winter mountain torrents, and the streams of everlasting springs, some of which pour forth cold and others hot water, and the various changes and alterations of the air and climate, and the different seasons of the year, and an infinite number of other beautiful objects. , And the whole of a man\'s life would be too short if he wished to enumerate all the separate instances of such things, or even to detail fully all that is to be seen in one complete portion of the world; aye, if he were to be the most longlived man that has ever been seen. But all these things, though they are in truth really wonderful, are despised by us by reason of our familiarity with them. But the things to which we are not accustomed, even though they may be unimportant, still make an impression upon us from our love of novelty, while we yield to strange ideas concerning them., And now, as they had gone over a vast tract of land previously untravelled, there appeared some boundaries of habitable country and some suburbs, as it were, of the land to which they were proceeding, and the Phoenicians inhabited it. But they, hoping that a tranquil and peaceable life would now be permitted to them, were deceived in their expectation; , for the king of the country, being afraid lest he might be destroyed, roused up all the youth of his cities, and collected an army, and went forth to meet them to keep them from his borders. And if they attempted to force their way, he showed that he would proceed to repel them with all his forces, his army being fresh, and now for the first time levied and marshalled for battle, while the Hebrews were wearied and worn out with their long travelling and with the scarcity of meat and drink which had in turns oppressed them. , But when Moses had learnt from his scouts that the army of the enemy was marshalled at no great distance, he chose out those men who were in the flower of their youth, and appointed one of his subordinate officers, named Joshua, to be their general, while he himself went to procure a more powerful alliance; for, having purified himself with the customary purification, he rode up with speed to a neighbouring hill, and there he besought God to hold his shield over the Hebrews and to give them the victory and the mastery, as he had delivered them before from more formidable dangers and from other evils, not only dissipating the calamities with which they were threatened at the hands of men, but also all those which the transformation of the elements so wonderfully caused in the land of Egypt, and from those which the long scarcity inflicted upon them in their travels. , And just as the two armies were about to engage in battle, a most marvellous miracle took place with respect to his hands; for they became by turns lighter and heavier. Then, whenever they were lighter, so that he could hold them up on high, the alliance between God and his people was strengthened, and waxed mighty, and became more glorious. But whenever his hands sank down the enemy prevailed, God showing thus by a figure that the earth and all the extremities of it were the appropriate inheritance of the one party, and the most sacred air the inheritance of the other. And as the heaven is in every respect supreme to and superior over the earth, so also shall the nation which has heaven for its inheritance be superior to their enemies. , For some time, then, his hands, like the balances in a scale, were by turns light, and by turns descended as being heavy; and, during this period, the battle was undecided. But, on a sudden, they became quite devoid of weight, using their fingers as if they were wings, and so they were raised to a lofty height, like winged birds who traverse the heaven, and they continued at this height until the Hebrews had gained an unquestionable victory, their enemies being slain to a man from the youth upward, and suffering with justice what they had endeavoured to inflict on others, contrary to what was befitting. , Then Moses erected an altar, which from the circumstances that had taken place he named the refuge of God, on which he offered sacrifices in honour of his victory, and poured forth prayers of gratitude to God., After this battle he considered that it was proper to reconnoitre the country into which the nation was being led as a colony (and it was now the second year that they had been travelling, and accordingly he chose out twelve men, to correspond in number to the twelve tribes, one out of each tribe to be the leader of it, selecting the most approved men, with reference to their excellence, in order that no quarrels might arise from any one party being better or worse off than another, but that they might all, by the agency of those to whom the matter was entrusted, be equally instructed as to the state of affairs among the inhabitants, if only the spies who were sent out brought a true report. , And when he had selected the men he spoke to them as follows: "The inheritance which is before us is the prize of those labours and dangers which we have endured hitherto, and are still enduring, and let us not lose the hope of these things, we who are thus conducting a most populous nation to a new settlement. But the knowledge of the places, and of the men, and of the circumstances, is most useful, just as ignorance of these particulars is most injurious. , We have therefore appointed you as spies, that we, by your eyes and by your intellects, may see the state of things there; ye, therefore, must be the ears and eyes of all these myriads of people, that thus they may arrive at an accurate comprehension of what is indispensable to be known. , "Now what we wish to know consists of three points; the number of the inhabitants, and the strength of their cities, whether they are planted in favourable situations, whether they are strongly built and fortified, or the contrary. As to the country, we wish to know whether it has a deep and rich soil, whether it is good to bear all kinds of fruits, both of such plants as are raised from seed and of fruit-trees; or whether, on the contrary, it has a shallow soil; that so we may be prepared against the power and numbers of the inhabitants with equal forces, and against the fortified state of buildings and cities by means of engines and machines, for the destruction of cities. "And it is indispensable to understand the nature of the country, and whether it is a good land or not; for to encounter voluntary dangers for a poor and bad land is an act of folly; , and our weapons, and our engines, and all our power, consist solely in our trust and confidence in God. Having this preparation we will yield to no danger or fear, for this is sufficient with great superfluity of power to subdue otherwise invincible strength, which relies only on bodily vigour and on armies, and on courage, and skill, and numbers; since to that too we owe it, that even in a vast wilderness we have full supplies of everything, as if we were in well-stocked cities; , and the time in which it is most easy to come to a proper understanding of the good qualities of the land is the spring, the season which is now present; for in the season of spring what has been sown is coming to perfection, and the natures of the trees are beginning to propagate themselves further. It will be better, therefore, for you to enter the land now, and to remain till the middle of the summer, and to bring back with you fruits, as samples of what is to be procured from a prosperous and fertile country.", When they had received these orders, they went forth to spy out the land, being conducted on their way by the whole multitude who feared lest they might be taken prisoners and so be put to death, and lest in that way two great evils might happen to them, namely, the slaughter of the men who were the eye of each tribe, and also ignorance of what was being done by their enemies who were plotting against them, the knowledge of which was most desirable. , So, taking with them scouts to examine the road and guides to show them the way, they accompanied them at their first setting out. And when they approached the borders of the country they ran up to the highest mountain of all those in that district, and from thence they surveyed the land, part of which was an extensive champaign district, fertile in barley, and wheat, and herbage; and the mountain region was not less productive of vines, and all kinds of other trees, and rich in every kind of timber, full of dense thickets, and girdled by rivers and fountains so as to be abundantly well watered, so that even from the foot of the mountain district to the highest summit of the hills themselves, the whole region was covered closely with a net-work of shady trees, and more especially the lower ridges, and the deep valleys and glens. , They also surveyed all the strongest cities, looking upon them in two points of view; first, with reference to their advantages of situation, and also to the strength of their fortification; also, when they inquired respecting the inhabitants, they saw that they were very numerous indeed, and giants of exceeding tallness with absolutely gigantic bodies, both as to their magnitude and their strength. , When they had seen thus much they waited to get a more accurate knowledge of everything: for first impressions are not trustworthy, but require the slow confirmation of time. They also took great care to gather specimens of the productions of the land, though they were not as yet ripe and solid, but only just beginning to be properly coloured, that they might show them to all the multitude, for which reason they selected such as would not be easily spoiled; , but what above all things astonished them was the fruit of the vines, for the branches were of unrivalled sizes, stretching along all the young shoots and branches in a way that seemed almost incredible. Therefore, having cut off one branch, and having suspended it on a stick by the middle, the ends of which they gave to two young men, placing one on one side and one on the other, and others succeeding them as bearers of it as the former bearers got tired, for the weight was very great, they carried it so, the whole body of the spies not at all agreeing with respect to some points of necessary importance., Accordingly, there were a great many contest between them even before they returned to the camp, but not very serious ones, in order that there might not be seditions between them from any of them adhering very contentiously to his own opinion, or from different persons giving different accounts, but they became more violent after their return; , for some of them brought back formidable stories of the strength of the different cities, and the great populousness and opulence of each of them, exaggerating and making the most of everything in their description so as to cause excessive consternation among their hearers; while others, on the contrary, disparaged and made light of all that they saw, and exhorted their fellow countrymen not to faint but to persevere in their design of colonising that country, as they would subdue the natives with a mere shout; for that no city whatever would be able to resist the onset of so mighty a power attacking it with its united force, but would be overwhelmed with its might and submit at once. Moreover, each of the spies infused into the souls of his hearers some portion of his own spirit, the cowardly spreading cowardice, and the indomitable and bold diffusing confidence united with sanguine hope. , But these last made but a fifth part of those who were frightened out of their senses, while they, on the other hand, were five times as numerous as the high-spirited; and the small number of those who displayed any courage, is often beaten down by the vast number of those who behaved in a cowardly manner, as they say was the case at this time also; for they who maintained the better side of the question were only two, while those who made the contrary report were ten; and these last so entirely prevailed over the two former, that they led away the whole multitude after them, alienating them from the two, and binding them wholly to themselves. , But about the country itself they all brought back the same report with perfect uimity, praising the beauty both of the champaign and of the mountainous district. But then they further cried out, "But what is the advantage to us of those good things which belong to others, when they are guarded by a mighty force, so that they can never be taken from their owners?" And so, attacking the two who brought the opposite report, they were very near stoning them, preferring to hear pleasant rather than useful things, and also preferring deceit to truth. , At which their leader was indigt, and he was also at the same time afraid lest some heaven-inflicted evil might descend upon them, since they so obstinately persisted in despairing and in disbelieving the word of God, which indeed took place. For of the spies, the ten who brought back cowardly tiding all perished by a pestilential disease, with those of the multitude who united in their feelings of despondency, and only the two who had agreed and counselled the people not to fear but to persevere in the plan of the colony were saved, because they were obedient to the word of God, on which account they received the especial honour of not being involved in the destruction of the others., This was the reason why they did not arrive sooner in the land which they went forth to colonize; for though they might, in the second year after their departure from Egypt, have conquered all the cities in Syria, and divided the inheritance amongst themselves, still they turned aside from the direct and short road, and wandered about, using one long, and difficult, and pathless line of march after another, so as to be incessantly toiling both in soul and body, and enduring the necessary and deserved punishment of their excessive impiety: , accordingly, for eight and thirty years more, after the two years which I have already mentioned as having elapsed, the life of a complete generation of mankind did they wander up and down, traversing the pathless wilderness; and at last in the fortieth year, they with difficulty came to the borders of the country which they had reached so many years before. , And at the entrance to this country there dwelt other tribes akin to themselves, who they thought would cheerfully join them in the war against their neighbours, and would co-operate in everything necessary for the establishment of the colony; and if they hesitated to do that, they thought that at all events they would range themselves on neither side, but would preserve a strict neutrality, holding up their hands; , for in fact the ancestors of both nations, both of the Hebrews and of those who dwelt on the skirts of the country, were brethren descended from the same father and the same mother, and moreover were twins; for it was from two brothers, who had thus increased with numerous descendants, and had enjoyed a great productiveness of offspring, that each of their families had grown into a vast and numerous Nation.{3}{the brothers are Jacob and Esau, Jacob being the father of the Israelites and Esau of the Edomites.} But one of these nations had clung to its original abodes; but the other, as has been already mentioned, having migrated to Egypt by reason of the famine, at this subsequent period was now returning, , and one of the two preserved its respect for its kindred though it had been for such a length of time separated from it, still having a regard for those who no longer preserved any one of their ancestral customs, but who had in every respect departed from their ancient habits and constitutions, thinking that it became those who claimed to be of civilised natures, to give and yield something to the name of relationship. , But the other utterly overturned all notions of friendship and affection, giving in to fierce, and unfriendly, and irreconcilable dispositions, and language, and counsels, and actions; and thus keeping alive the ill-will of their original ancestor to his brother; for the first founder of their race, though he had himself given up his birthright to his brother, yet a short time afterwards endeavoured to assert his claim to what he had abandoned voluntarily, violating his agreement, and he sought to slay his brother, threatening him with death if he did not surrender what he had purchased. And now the whole nation after the interval of so many generations, renewed the ancient enmity between one individual and another. , Therefore Moses, the leader of the Hebrews, although he might with one single effort, aye with the mere shout of his army, have subdued the whole nation, still, by reason of the aforesaid relationship did not think fit to do so; but desired only to use the road through their country, promising that he would in every respect observe the treaties between them, and not despoil them of territory, or cattle, or of any booty, that he would even pay a price for water if there should be a scarcity of drink, and for anything else that they might require to buy, as not being supplied with it; but they violently rejected their peaceful invitations, threatening them with war, if they heard of their crossing over their borders or even of their setting foot upon them., But as the Hebrews received their answer with great indignation, and prepared at once to oppose them, Moses stood in a place from whence he would be well heard, and said, "O men, your indignation is reasonable and just; for though we, in a peaceable disposition, have made them good and friendly offers, they have made us an evil reply out of their evil and perverse disposition. , But it does not follow that because they deserve to pay the penalty for their cruelty, therefore it is desirable for us to proceed to take vengeance upon them, by reason of the honour due to our own nation, that we may show that in this particular we are good and different from wicked men, inasmuch as we consider not only whether such and such persons deserve to be punished, but whether also it is proper that they should receive their punishment from us." , On this he turned aside and led his army by another road, since he knew that all the roads in that district were surrounded with garrisons, by those who were not in danger of receiving any injury, but who were out of envy and jealousy would not allow them to proceed by the shortest road; , and this was the most manifest proof of their sorrow, which they felt in consequence of the nation having obtained their liberty, namely when they rejoiced when they were enduring that bitter slavery of theirs in Egypt; for it follows of necessity that those men to whom the good fortune of their neighbours causes grief, do also rejoice at their evil fortune, even if they do not admit that they do so; , for they had already related to their neighbours, as to persons in accordance with themselves, and cherishing the same thoughts, all the misfortunes and also all the agreeable pieces of good fortune which had happened to them, not knowing that they had proceeded to a great degree of iniquity, and that they were full of unfriendly, and hostile, and malicious thoughts towards them, so that they were like to grieve at their good fortune, but to rejoice at any thing of a contrary tendency. , But when their malevolence was fully revealed, the Hebrews were nevertheless restrained from coming to open war with them by their ruler, who thus displayed two most excellent qualities at the same time; namely prudence and a compassionate disposition; for to take care that no evil should happen to any one is the part of wisdom, and not to be willing even to repel one\'s own kinsmen is a proof of a humane disposition., Therefore he passed by the cities of these nations; but a certain king of the neighbouring country, Canaan by name, when his spies reported to him that the army of the Hebrews, which was making in his direction was at no great distance, thinking that it was in a state of confusion and disorder, and that he should be able easily to conquer it if he were to attack it at once, proceeded forth with the youth of his nation well armed and equipped, and marched with all speed, and put the van of their host to flight as soon as he encountered them, inasmuch as they were not arrayed or prepared for battle; and having taken many prisoners, and being elated at the prosperity beyond his hopes which he had met with, he marched on thinking that he should defeat all the others also. , But the Hebrews, for they were not dismayed at the defeat of their advanced guard, but had rather derived even more confidence than they had felt before, being eager also to make amends by their eagerness for battle for the loss of those of their number who had been taken prisoners, exhorted one another not to faint nor to yield. "Let us rise up," said they; "let us at once invade their land. Let us show that we are in no wise alarmed or depressed, by our vigour in action and our confidence. The end is very often judged of by the beginning. Let us seize the keys of the country and strike terror into the inhabitants as deriving prosperity from cities, and inflicting upon them in return the want of necessary things which we bring with us out of the wilderness." , And they, at the same time, exhorted one another often with these words, and likewise began to dedicate to God, as the first fruits of the land, the cities of the king and all the citizens of each city. And he accepted their views and inspired the Hebrews with courage, and prepared the army of the enemy to be defeated. , Accordingly, the Hebrews defeated them with mighty power, and fulfilled the agreement of gratitude which they had made, not appropriating to themselves the slightest portion of the booty. And they dedicated to God the cities with all the men and treasures that were in them, and, from what had thus taken place, they called the whole country an offering to God; , for, as every pious man offers unto God the first fruits of the fruits of the year, which he collects from his own possessions, so in the same manner did the Hebrews dedicate the whole nation of this mighty country into which they had come as settlers, and that great spoil, the kingdom which they had so speedily subdued, as a sort of first-fruit of their colony; for they did not think it consistent with piety to distribute the land among themselves, or to inherit the cities, before they had offered up to God the first fruits of that country and of those cities., A short time afterwards, having found a copious spring of water which supplied drink to all the multitude, and the spring was in a well and on the borders of the country, drawing it up and drinking it as though it had been not water but pure wine, they were refreshed in their souls, and those among the people who loved God established choruses and dances in a circle around the well, out of their cheerfulness and joy, and sang a new song to God, the possessor and giver of their inheritance and the real leader of their colony, because now at the first moment of their coming forth from the direction in which they had so long been dwelling in to the inhabited land which they were ordained to possess, they had found abundant drink, and therefore they thought it right not to pass this spring by without due honour. , For this well had been originally cut not by the hands of private individuals, but of kings, who had laboured in rivalry of one another, as the tale went, not only in the discovery of the water, but likewise in the digging of the well, in order that by its magnificence it might be seen to be a royal work, and that the power and magimity of those who built it might appear from the beginning. , And Moses, rejoicing at the unexpected blessings which from time to time were presenting themselves to him, advanced further, dividing the youth of his people into the vanguard and the rearguard, and placing the old men, and the women, and thechildren in the centre, that they might be protected by those who were thus at each extremity, in the case of their having to encounter any force of the enemy either in front or behind., A few days afterwards he entered the country of the Amorites, and sent ambassadors to the king, whose name was Sihon, exhorting him to the same measures to which he had previously invited his kinsman. But he not only replied to these ambassadors when they came with great insolence, but he very nearly put them to death, and would have done so if the law with respect to ambassadors had not hindered him; but he did collect an army and made against them, thinking that he should immediately be able to subdue them in war. , But when he encountered them he then found that he had to fight not men who had no experience or practice in the art of war, but men skilful in all warfare and truly invincible, who only a short time before had done many and important valiant achievements, displaying great personal valour, and great wisdom, and excellence of sense and virtue. Owing to which qualities they subdued these their enemies with great ease and defeated them with great loss, but they took no part of the spoil, desiring to dedicate to God the first booty which they gained; , and, on this occasion, they guarded their own camp vigorously, and then, with one accord and with equally concerted preparation, rushed forward in opposition to the enemy as he advanced and charged them, availing themselves of the invincible alliance of the just God, in consequence of which they had the greatest boldness, and became cheerful and sanguine combatants. , And the proof of this was clear; there was no need of any second battle, but the first was also the only one, and in it the whole power of the enemy was frustrated for ever. And it was utterly overthrown, and immediately it disappeared for ever. , And about the same time the cities were both empty and full; empty of their ancient inhabitants, and full of those who now succeeded to their dominions over them. In the same manner, also, the stables of cattle in the fields, being made desolate, received instead men who were in all respects better than their former masters., This war struck all the Asiatic nations with terrible consternation, and especially all those who were near the borders of the Amorites, inasmuch as they looked upon the dangers as being nearer to themselves. Accordingly, one of the neighbouring kings, by name Balak, who ruled over a large and thickly inhabited country of the east, before he met them in battle, feeling great distrust of his own power, did not think fit to meet them in close combat, being desirous to avoid carrying on a war of extermination by open arms; but he had recourse to inquiries and divination, thinking that by some kind of ruse or other he might be able to overthrow the irresistible power of the Hebrews. , Now there was a man at that time very celebrated for his skill in divination, dwelling in Mesopotamia, who was initiated in every branch of the soothsayers\' art. And he was celebrated and renowned above all men for his experience as a diviner and prophet, as he had in many instances foretold to many people incredible and most important events; , for, on one occasion, he had predicted heavy rain to one nation at the height of summer; to another he had foretold a drought and burning heat in the middle of winter. Others he had forewarned of a dearth which should follow a season of abundance; and, on the other hand, plenty after famine. In some instances he had predicted the inundations of rivers; or, on the contrary, their falling greatly and becoming dried up; and the departure of pestilential diseases, and ten thousand other things. From all which he had obtained a name of wide celebrity, as he was believed to have foreseen them all, and so he had attained to great renown and his glory had spread everywhere and was continually increasing. , So this man, Balak, now sent some of his companions, entreating him to come to him, and he gave him some presents at once, and he promised to give him others also, explaining to him the necessity which he was in, on account of which he had sent for him. But he did not treat the messengers with any noble or consistent disposition, but with great courtesy and civility evaded their request, as if he were one of the most celebrated prophets, and as such was accustomed to do nothing whatever without first consulting the oracle, and so he declined, saying that the Deity would not permit him to go with them. , So the messengers returned back to the king, without having succeeded in their errand. And immediately other messengers of the highest rank in the whole land were sent on the same business, bringing with them more abundant presents of money, and promising still more ample rewards than the former ambassadors had promised. , And Balaam, being allured by the gifts which were already proffered to him, and also by the hopes for the future which they held out to him, and being influenced also by the rank of those who invited him, began to yield, again alleging the commands of the Deity as his excuse, but no longer with sincerity. Accordingly, on the next day he prepared for his departure, relating some dreams by which he said he had been influenced, affirming that he had been compelled by their manifest visions not to remain, but to follow the ambassadors., But when he was on his road a very manifest sign met him in the way, showing him plainly that the purpose for which he was travelling was displeasing to God, and ill-omened; for the beast on which he was riding, while proceeding onwards in the straight road, at first stopped suddenly, , then, as if some one was forcibly resisting it, or standing in front and driving it back by force, it retreated, moving first to the right and then to the left, and could not stand still, but kept moving, first to one side and then to the other, as if it had been under the influence of wine and intoxication; and though it was repeatedly beaten, it disregarded the blows, so that it very nearly threw its rider, and though he stuck on did still hurt him considerably; , for close on each side of the path there were walls and strong fences; therefore, when the beast in its violent motions struck heavily against the walls, the owner had his knee, and leg, and foot pressed and crushed, and was a good deal lacerated. , The truth is, that there was, as it seems, a divine vision, which, as the beast, on which the diviner was seeking, saw at a great distance as it was coming towards him, and it was frightened at it; but the man did not see it, which was a proof of his insensibility, for he was thus shown to be inferior to a brute beast in the power of sight, at a time when he was boasting that he could see, not only the whole world, but also the Creator of the world. , Accordingly, having after some time seen the angel opposing him, not because he was desiring to see so astonishing a spectacle, but that he might become acquainted with his own insignificance and nothingness, he betook himself to supplications and prayers, entreating to be pardoned, on the ground that he had acted as he had done out of ignorance, and had not sinned of deliberate purpose. , Then, as he said that he ought to return back again, he asked of the vision which appeared to him, whether he should go back again to his own house; but the angel beholding his insincerity, and being indigt at it (for what need was there for him to ask questions in a matter which was so evident, which had its answer plain in itself, and which did not require any more positive information by means of words, unless a person\'s ears are more to be trusted than his eyes, and words than things, But when the king heard that he was now near at hand, he went forth with his guards to meet him; and when they met at first there were, as was natural, greetings and salutations, and then a brief reproof of his tardiness and of his not having come more readily. After this there were feastings and costly entertainments, and all those other things which are usually prepared on the occasion of the reception of strangers, everything with royal magnificence being prepared, so as to give an exaggerated idea of the power and glory of the king. , The next day at the rising of the sun, Balak took the prophet and led him up to a high hill, where it also happened that a pillar had been erected to some deity which the natives of the country had been accustomed to worship; and from thence there was seen a portion of the camp of the Hebrews, which was shown to the magician from this point, as if from a watch tower. , And he when he beheld it said: "Do thou, O king, build here seven altars, and offer upon every one of them a bullock and a ram. And I will turn aside and inquire of God what I am to say." So, having gone forth, immediately he became inspired, the prophetic spirit having entered into him, which drove all his artificial system of divination and cunning out of his soul; for it was not possible that holy inspiration should dwell in the same abode with magic. Then, returning back to the king, and beholding the sacrifices and the altars flaming, he became like the interpreter of some other being who was prompting his words, , and spoke in prophetic strain as follows: "Balak has sent for me from Mesopotamia, having caused me to take a long journey from the east, that he might chastise the Hebrews by means of curses. But in what manner shall I be able to curse those who have not been cursed by God? For I shall behold them with my eyes from the loftiest mountains, and I shall see them with my mind; and I shall never be able to injure the people which shall dwell alone, not being numbered among the other nations, not in accordance with the inheritance of any particular places, or any apportionment of lands, but by reason of the peculiar nature of their remarkable customs, as they will never mingle with any other nation so as to depart from their national and ancestral ways. , Who has ever discovered with accuracy the first origin of the birth of these people? Their bodies, indeed, may have been fashioned according to human means of propagation; but their souls have been brought forth by divine agency, wherefore they are nearly related to God. May my soul die as to the death of the body, that it may be remembered among the souls of the righteous, such as the souls of these men are.", When Balak heard these words he was grieved within himself; and after he had stopped speaking, not being able to contain his sorrow, he said: "You were invited hither to curse my enemies, and are you not ashamed to offer up prayers for their good? I must, without knowing it, have been deceiving myself, thinking you a friend; who were, on the contrary, without my being aware of it, enrolled among the ranks of the enemy, as is now plain. Perhaps, too, you made all the delay in coming to me by reason of the regard for them, which you were secretly cherishing in your soul, and your secret dislike to me and to my people; for, as the old proverb says, what is apparent affords the best means of judging of what is not visible." , But Balaam, his moment of inspiration being now past, replied: "I am exposed in this to a most unjust charge, and am undeservedly accused; for I am saying nothing of my own, but whatever the Deity prompts me to say. And this is not the first time that I have said and that you have heard this, but I declared it on the former occasion when you sent the ambassadors, to whom I made the same answer." , But as the king thought either that the prophet was deceiving him, or that the Deity might change his mind, and the consequence of a change of place might alter the firmness of his decision, he led him off to another spot, where, from an exceedingly long, and high, and distant hill, he might be able to show him a part of the army of his enemies. Then, again, he built seven altars and sacrificed the same number of victims that he had sacrificed at first, and sent the prophet to look for favourable omens and predictions. , And he, as soon as he was by himself, was again suddenly filled by divine inspiration, and, without at all understanding the words which he uttered, spoke everything that was put into his mouth, prophesying in the following manner:--"Rise up and listen, O king! prick up thy ears and hear. God is not able to speak falsely as if he were a man, nor does he change his purpose like the son of man. When he has once spoken, does he not abide by his word? For he will say nothing at all which shall not be completely brought to pass, since his word is also his deed. I, indeed, have been brought hither to bless this nation, and not to curse it. , There shall be no labour or distress among the Hebrews. God visibly holds his shield over them, who also dissipated the violence of the Egyptian attacks, leading forth all these myriads of people as one man. Therefore they disregarded auguries and every other part of the prophetic art, trusting to the one sole Governor of the world alone. And I see the people rising up like a young lion, and exulting as a lion. He shall feast on the prey, and for drink he shall drink the blood of the wounded; and, when he is satisfied, he shall not turn to sleep, but he shall be awake and sing the song of victory.", But Balak, being very indigt at finding that all the assistance which he expected to derive from divination was turning out contrary to his hopes, said: "O man, neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all; for silence, which is free from danger, is better than unpleasant speeches." And when he had said this, as if he had forgotten what he had said, owing to the inconstancy of his mind, he led the prophet to another place, from which he could show him a part of the Hebrew army; and again he invited him to curse them. , But the prophet, as being even more wicked than the king, although he had always replied to the accusations which were brought against him with one true excuse, namely, that he was saying nothing out of his own head, but was only interpreting the words of another, being himself carried away and inspired, when he ought no longer to have accompanied him but to have gone away home, ran forward even more eagerly than his conductor, although in his secret thoughts he was oppressed by a heavy feeling of evil, yet still desired in his mind to curse this people, though he was forbidden to do so with his mouth. , So, coming to a mountain greater than any of those on which he had stood before, and which reached a very long way, he bade the king perform the same sacrifices as before, again building seven altars, and again offering up fourteen victims, on each altar two, a bullock and a ram. And he himself did no longer, according to his usual custom, go to seek for divination and auguries, since he much loathed his art, looking upon it as a picture which had become defaced through age, and had been obscured, and lost its felicity of conjecture. But he now, though with difficulty, understood the fact that the designs of the king, who had hired him, did not correspond with the will of God. , Therefore, turning to the wilderness, he saw the Hebrews encamped in their tribes, and he saw their numbers and their array, and admired it as being like the order of a city rather than of a camp, and, becoming inspired, he again spoke. , What, then, said the man who saw truly, who in his sleep saw a clear vision of God with the ever open and sleepless eyes of his soul? "How goodly are thy abodes, O army of Hebrews; they tents are shady as groves, as a paradise on the bank of a river, as a cedar by the waters. , A man shall hereafter come forth out of t