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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
archaeological, and cultural evidence for, emperors Peppard (2011) 42, 93
archaeological, contexts, of inscriptions Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 7, 16
archaeological, essenes, evidence, demand for Taylor (2012) 246, 248
archaeological, evidence Hahn Emmel and Gotter (2008) 9, 10, 351
archaeological, evidence for jews in ravenna, absence of Kraemer (2020) 278
archaeological, evidence, dating of non-literary sources, of Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 24, 180, 346, 405
archaeological, evidence, masada Cohen (2010) 142, 143
archaeological, evidence, oropos amphiareion, earliest Renberg (2017) 674, 675
archaeological, evidence, qumran and the essenes Taylor (2012) 246, 248, 259, 260, 269, 270
archaeological, excavation, antioch, pisidian Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 609, 610
archaeological, findings, en boqeq Taylor (2012) 339
archaeological, finds, herculaneum Yona (2018) 7
archaeological, finds, quppa Gardner (2015) 71, 72, 73, 74, 75
archaeological, institute, austrian Kalinowski (2021) 5, 316
archaeological, mission, german Toloni (2022) 116
archaeological, museum, national Rutledge (2012) 65
archaeological, remains of rome, rediscovery of Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 43
archaeological, remains, cult Sweeney (2013) 125
archaeological, site of troy, the Finkelberg (2019) 141
archaeological/architectural, evidence, incubation, christian Renberg (2017) 760, 762
archaeologically, elusive, hearth Parker (2005) 14, 15
archaeology Allen and Dunne (2022) 14, 51
Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 147, 157
Edmonds (2019) 61, 63, 64, 65, 70, 119
Faure (2022) 182, 188
Fonrobert and Jaffee (2007) 132
Grabbe (2010) 3, 60
Huebner and Laes (2019) 70
Huttner (2013) 10, 11, 13, 14, 15
Lieu (2004) 99, 143, 221
Piotrkowski (2019) 5, 12, 16, 164, 166, 167, 189, 332, 346, 349, 408
Poorthuis and Schwartz (2014) 121, 122
Radicke (2022) 286
Viglietti and Gildenhard (2020) 15, 40, 145, 146, 347, 348, 360
archaeology, abstract nominal style in Joho (2022) 82, 83, 84
archaeology, akhaia, akhaians, peloponnese Kowalzig (2007) 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305
archaeology, and τὸ ἀνθρώπινον Joho (2022) 79
archaeology, apollo pto, i, os, ptoieus Kowalzig (2007) 368, 369
archaeology, archaeological, Bernabe et al (2013) 27, 62, 76, 186, 251, 536, 557
archaeology, architecture, prayer Levine (2005) 335, 336, 453, 576, 577
archaeology, as blueprint for process Joho (2022) 22, 81
archaeology, biblical Bianchetti et al (2015) 388
archaeology, context Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 123
archaeology, egypt, in Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 422, 429
archaeology, fear, in Joho (2022) 22
archaeology, herms Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 166, 167, 249
archaeology, individuals in Joho (2022) 81, 82
archaeology, kelsey museum of Potter Suh and Holladay (2021) 609
archaeology, monumentalization Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 102, 274, 276, 278, 280, 281
archaeology, monuments Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 101, 102, 276, 495, 553
archaeology, naevius, gnaeus Giusti (2018) 60, 216, 220, 222, 223
archaeology, naxian sphinx Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 276
archaeology, new phaleron marble relief in peiraeus Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 59, 60
archaeology, of apollo delios/dalios, delos Kowalzig (2007) 72, 119, 120
archaeology, of apollo ismenios, thebes Kowalzig (2007) 371, 372
archaeology, of apollo pythaieus, at asine Kowalzig (2007) 142, 143, 144
archaeology, of artemis hemera, lousoi Kowalzig (2007) 271, 272, 273, 274
archaeology, of artemis, s. biagio at metapontion Kowalzig (2007) 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297
archaeology, of asine Kowalzig (2007) 132, 133, 142, 143, 144, 145
archaeology, of athena, on rhodes Kowalzig (2007) 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 264
archaeology, of class, definition Keddie (2019) 199
archaeology, of class, elites Keddie (2019) 205, 210, 247
archaeology, of class, non-elites Keddie (2019) 205, 210, 247
archaeology, of knowledge Folit-Weinberg (2022) 16
archaeology, of knowledge, discursive regularities Folit-Weinberg (2022) 16
archaeology, of poseidon, at onkhestos Kowalzig (2007) 365, 366
archaeology, of roman palestine Rosen-Zvi (2012) 220
archaeology, of sectarian settlements Schiffman (1983) 5, 6, 13, 95, 99, 102, 104, 106, 192
archaeology, of siris Kowalzig (2007) 314
archaeology, parthenon frieze Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 250, 267, 362
archaeology, pentecontaetia, and Joho (2022) 96, 97
archaeology, polish centre of mediterranean Taylor and Hay (2020) 198
archaeology, quest for power, and Joho (2022) 22, 81, 82, 83, 84
archaeology, review, biblical Sneed (2022) 210
archaeology, sculpture Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 581
archaeology, small finds Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 282, 283, 284, 583
archaeology, tamhui, and Gardner (2015) 69
archaeology, temples in magna graecia Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 576, 581
archaeology, thucydides Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 73, 378, 379
archaeology, tomb, in Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 368, 370, 375, 376, 399
archaeology, votive reliefs Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 242, 452, 492, 493, 494, 496
archaeology, zeus dodonaios, at dodona Kowalzig (2007) 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341
archaeology, zeus hellanios Kowalzig (2007) 203, 204, 205, 206, 207
archaeology, αὐξάνω in Joho (2022) 96, 97
archaeology, τὸ ἀνθρώπινον and τὸ ἀνθρώπειον, ‘the human’, and Joho (2022) 79
‘archaeology, of the past’ Marincola et al (2021) 23, 24

List of validated texts:
8 validated results for "archaeology"
1. Homer, Iliad, 1.197-1.201, 2.494 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Poseidon, at Onkhestos, archaeology of • archaeology • archaeology, monuments • archeology

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 495; Jouanna (2018) 677; Kowalzig (2007) 366; Lipka (2021) 174

1.197. στῆ δʼ ὄπιθεν, ξανθῆς δὲ κόμης ἕλε Πηλεΐωνα 1.198. οἴῳ φαινομένη· τῶν δʼ ἄλλων οὔ τις ὁρᾶτο· 1.199. θάμβησεν δʼ Ἀχιλεύς, μετὰ δʼ ἐτράπετʼ, αὐτίκα δʼ ἔγνω 1.200. Παλλάδʼ Ἀθηναίην· δεινὼ δέ οἱ ὄσσε φάανθεν· 1.201. καί μιν φωνήσας ἔπεα πτερόεντα προσηύδα·
2.494. Βοιωτῶν μὲν Πηνέλεως καὶ Λήϊτος ἦρχον''. None
1.197. for in her heart she loved and cared for both men alike.She stood behind him, and seized the son of Peleus by his fair hair, appearing to him alone. No one of the others saw her. Achilles was seized with wonder, and turned around, and immediately recognized Pallas Athene. Terribly her eyes shone. 1.200. Then he addressed her with winged words, and said:Why now, daughter of aegis-bearing Zeus, have you come? Is it so that you might see the arrogance of Agamemnon, son of Atreus? One thing I will tell you, and I think this will be brought to pass: through his own excessive pride shall he presently lose his life.
2.494. and a voice unwearying, and though the heart within me were of bronze, did not the Muses of Olympus, daughters of Zeus that beareth the aegis, call to my mind all them that came beneath Ilios. Now will I tell the captains of the ships and the ships in their order.of the Boeotians Peneleos and Leïtus were captains, ''. None
2. None, None, nan (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Apollo Delios/Dalios (Delos), archaeology of • archaeology, monumentalization

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 278; Kowalzig (2007) 119

3. None, None, nan (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • archaeology • archaeology, archaeological

 Found in books: Bernabe et al (2013) 62; Lipka (2021) 124

4. Herodotus, Histories, 1.148 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Akhaia, Akhaians (Peloponnese), archaeology • archaeology, monumentalization

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 274; Kowalzig (2007) 301

1.148. τὸ δὲ Πανιώνιον ἐστὶ τῆς Μυκάλης χῶρος ἱρὸς πρὸς ἄρκτον τετραμμένος, κοινῇ ἐξαραιρημένος ὑπὸ Ἰώνων Ποσειδέωνι Ἑλικωνίῳ. ἡ δὲ Μυκάλη ἐστὶ τῆς ἠπείρου ἄκρη πρὸς ζέφυρον ἄνεμον κατήκουσα Σάμῳ καταντίον, ἐς τὴν συλλεγόμενοι ἀπὸ τῶν πολίων Ἴωνες ἄγεσκον ὁρτὴν τῇ ἔθεντο οὔνομα Πανιώνια. πεπόνθασι δὲ οὔτι μοῦναι αἱ Ἰώνων ὁρταὶ τοῦτο, ἀλλὰ καὶ Ἑλλήνων πάντων ὁμοίως πᾶσαι ἐς τὠυτὸ γράμμα τελευτῶσι, κατά περ τῶν Περσέων τὰ οὐνόματα. 1''. None
1.148. The Panionion is a sacred ground in Mykale, facing north; it was set apart for Poseidon of Helicon by the joint will of the Ionians. Mykale is a western promontory of the mainland opposite Samos ; the Ionians used to assemble there from their cities and keep the festival to which they gave the name of
5. None, None, nan (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Archaeology, as blueprint for process • Archaeology, individuals in • Quest for power, and Archaeology • Thucydides, Archaeology

 Found in books: Joho (2022) 81; Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 379

6. None, None, nan (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • archaeology • archeology, and Homeric bowls

 Found in books: Jouanna (2018) 548; Lipka (2021) 96

7. New Testament, Matthew, 15.37 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • quppa, archaeological finds • tomb, in archaeology

 Found in books: Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 399; Gardner (2015) 73

15.37. καὶ ἔφαγον πάντες καὶ ἐχορτάσθησαν, καὶ τὸ περισσεῦον τῶν κλασμάτων ἦραν ἑπτὰ σφυρίδας πλήρεις.''. None
15.37. They all ate, and were filled. They took up seven baskets full of the broken pieces that were left over. ''. None
8. Origen, Against Celsus, 6.22 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Archaeology • archaeology

 Found in books: Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 147, 157; Lipka (2021) 243

6.22. After this, Celsus, desiring to exhibit his learning in his treatise against us, quotes also certain Persian mysteries, where he says: These things are obscurely hinted at in the accounts of the Persians, and especially in the mysteries of Mithras, which are celebrated among them. For in the latter there is a representation of the two heavenly revolutions - of the movement, viz., of the fixed stars, and of that which take place among the planets, and of the passage of the soul through these. The representation is of the following nature: There is a ladder with lofty gates, and on the top of it an eighth gate. The first gate consists of lead, the second of tin, the third of copper, the fourth of iron, the fifth of a mixture of metals, the sixth of silver, and the seventh of gold. The first gate they assign to Saturn, indicating by the 'lead' the slowness of this star; the second to Venus, comparing her to the splendour and softness of tin; the third to Jupiter, being firm and solid; the fourth to Mercury, for both Mercury and iron are fit to endure all things, and are money-making and laborious; the fifth to Mars, because, being composed of a mixture of metals, it is varied and unequal; the sixth, of silver, to the Moon; the seventh, of gold, to the Sun - thus imitating the different colors of the two latter. He next proceeds to examine the reason of the stars being arranged in this order, which is symbolized by the names of the rest of matter. Musical reasons, moreover, are added or quoted by the Persian theology; and to these, again, he strives to add a second explanation, connected also with musical considerations. But it seems to me, that to quote the language of Celsus upon these matters would be absurd, and similar to what he himself has done, when, in his accusations against Christians and Jews, he quoted, most inappropriately, not only the words of Plato; but, dissatisfied even with these, he adduced in addition the mysteries of the Persian Mithras, and the explanation of them. Now, whatever be the case with regard to these - whether the Persians and those who conduct the mysteries of Mithras give false or true accounts regarding them - why did he select these for quotation, rather than some of the other mysteries, with the explanation of them? For the mysteries of Mithras do not appear to be more famous among the Greeks than those of Eleusis, or than those in Ægina, where individuals are initiated in the rites of Hecate. But if he must introduce barbarian mysteries with their explanation, why not rather those of the Egyptians, which are highly regarded by many, or those of the Cappadocians regarding the Comanian Diana, or those of the Thracians, or even those of the Romans themselves, who initiate the noblest members of their senate? But if he deemed it inappropriate to institute a comparison with any of these, because they furnished no aid in the way of accusing Jews or Christians, why did it not also appear to him inappropriate to adduce the instance of the mysteries of Mithras? "". None

Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.