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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
hecate/hekate Nuno et al (2021) 78, 262, 366
hekate Bernabe et al (2013) 238
Bortolani et al (2019) 7, 9, 18, 46, 47, 48, 52, 53, 60, 67, 182, 183, 184, 185, 241, 242, 243, 249, 250, 252
Bremmer (2008) 120
Bricault and Bonnet (2013) 31, 32, 123, 165
Edmonds (2019) 21, 29, 30, 72, 73, 76, 79, 109, 110, 112, 128, 141, 177, 205, 209, 333, 341, 347, 348, 350, 354, 355, 358, 366
Ekroth (2013) 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 131, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 230, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 245, 247, 248, 249, 250, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 270, 271, 273, 275, 277, 281, 285, 286, 288, 289, 292, 293, 295, 296, 297, 298, 300, 308, 313, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 328, 331, 332, 333, 334, 338, 339
Gaifman (2012) 164, 165, 167, 168
Hitch (2017) 169
Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 60, 61, 63, 64
Pachoumi (2017) 21, 42, 63, 82, 96, 103, 126, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, 137, 142, 157, 167, 178, 179
Williamson (2021) 232, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 337, 366, 371, 373, 374, 380, 381, 382, 383, 398, 400, 408, 418
hekate, and artemis Hitch (2017) 91
hekate, and, artemis Hitch (2017) 91
hekate, artemis Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 64
hekate, artemis, titles of Parker (2005) 414, 431
hekate, at lagina, frieze of temple of Williamson (2021) 277, 279, 281, 290
hekate, einodia Bortolani et al (2019) 46, 57
hekate, festivals, romaia, Williamson (2021) 311, 318
hekate, goddess Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 247, 248, 249, 359, 360, 361, 362, 404, 594, 596
Marek (2019) 240, 512
hekate, invoked Eidinow (2007) 290
hekate, of lagina Bremmer (2008) 289
hekate, on aegina Hitch (2017) 89, 91, 92
hekate/hecate Miller and Clay (2019) 297, 300, 301, 348

List of validated texts:
11 validated results for "hekate"
1. Hesiod, Theogony, 452 (8.0th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate (goddess)

 Found in books: Bernabe et al (2013) 238; Bortolani et al (2019) 7; Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 362; Gaifman (2012) 168
452. οὕτως ἐξ ἀρχῆς κουροτρόφος, αἳ δέ τε τιμαί.452. And the son of Cronos made her anurse of the young who after that day saw with their eyes the light of all-seeing Dawn. So from the beginning she is anurse of the young, and these are her honors. But Rhea was subject in love to Cronos and bore splendid children, Hestia, Demeter, and gold-shod Hera
2. Homer, Odyssey, 11.601-11.604 (8.0th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate (goddess)

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 404; Ekroth (2013) 86
11.601. τὸν δὲ μετʼ εἰσενόησα βίην Ἡρακληείην,
11.602. εἴδωλον· αὐτὸς δὲ μετʼ ἀθανάτοισι θεοῖσι
11.603. τέρπεται ἐν θαλίῃς καὶ ἔχει καλλίσφυρον Ἥβην,
11.604. παῖδα Διὸς μεγάλοιο καὶ Ἥρης χρυσοπεδίλου.
11.601. flowed down from his limbs, and dust rose up from his head. “And after him I marked the mighty Heracles—his phantom; for he himself among the immortal gods takes his joy in the feast, and has to wife Hebe, of the fair ankles, daughter of great Zeus and of Here, of the golden sandals.
3. Herodotus, Histories, 1.105 (5.0th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate-Selene-Artemis

 Found in books: Bortolani et al (2019) 252; Pachoumi (2017) 157
1.105. ἐνθεῦτεν δὲ ἤισαν ἐπʼ Αἴγυπτον. καὶ ἐπείτε ἐγένοντο ἐν τῇ Παλαιστίνῃ Συρίῃ, Ψαμμήτιχος σφέας Αἰγύπτου βασιλεὺς ἀντιάσας δώροισί τε καὶ λιτῇσι ἀποτράπει τὸ προσωτέρω μὴ πορεύεσθαι. οἳ δὲ ἐπείτε ἀναχωρέοντες ὀπίσω ἐγένοντο τῆς Συρίης ἐν Ἀσκάλωνι πόλι, τῶν πλεόνων Σκυθέων παρεξελθόντων ἀσινέων, ὀλίγοι τινὲς αὐτῶν ὑπολειφθέντες ἐσύλησαν τῆς οὐρανίης Ἀφροδίτης τὸ ἱρόν. ἔστι δὲ τοῦτο τὸ ἱρόν, ὡς ἐγὼ πυνθανόμενος εὑρίσκω, πάντων ἀρχαιότατον ἱρῶν ὅσα ταύτης τῆς θεοῦ· καὶ γὰρ τὸ ἐν Κύπρῳ ἱρὸν ἐνθεῦτεν ἐγένετο, ὡς αὐτοὶ Κύπριοι λέγουσι, καὶ τὸ ἐν Κυθήροισι Φοίνικές εἰσὶ οἱ ἱδρυσάμενοι ἐκ ταύτης τῆς Συρίης ἐόντες. τοῖσι δὲ τῶν Σκυθέων συλήσασι τὸ ἱρὸν τὸ ἐν Ἀσκάλωνι καὶ τοῖσι τούτων αἰεὶ ἐκγόνοισι ἐνέσκηψε ὁ θεὸς θήλεαν νοῦσον· ὥστε ἅμα λέγουσί τε οἱ Σκύθαι διὰ τοῦτο σφέας νοσέειν, καὶ ὁρᾶν παρʼ ἑωυτοῖσι τοὺς ἀπικνεομένους ἐς τὴν Σκυθικὴν χώρην ὡς διακέαται τοὺς καλέουσι Ἐνάρεας οἱ Σκύθαι.
1.105. From there they marched against Egypt : and when they were in the part of Syria called Palestine , Psammetichus king of Egypt met them and persuaded them with gifts and prayers to come no further. ,So they turned back, and when they came on their way to the city of Ascalon in Syria , most of the Scythians passed by and did no harm, but a few remained behind and plundered the temple of Heavenly Aphrodite. ,This temple, I discover from making inquiry, is the oldest of all the temples of the goddess, for the temple in Cyprus was founded from it, as the Cyprians themselves say; and the temple on Cythera was founded by Phoenicians from this same land of Syria . ,But the Scythians who pillaged the temple, and all their descendants after them, were afflicted by the goddess with the “female” sickness: and so the Scythians say that they are afflicted as a consequence of this and also that those who visit Scythian territory see among them the condition of those whom the Scythians call “Hermaphrodites”
4. Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 3.1038-3.1041, 3.1191-3.1222 (3.0th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate (goddess)

 Found in books: Bremmer (2008) 120; Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 360, 361; Ekroth (2013) 64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 266
3.1038. ἂψ ἀπὸ πυρκαϊῆς ἀναχάζεο· μηδέ σε δοῦπος3.1039. ἠὲ ποδῶν ὄρσῃσι μεταστρεφθῆναι ὀπίσσω,3.1040. ἠὲ κυνῶν ὑλακή, μή πως τὰ ἕκαστα κολούσας3.1041. οὐδʼ αὐτὸς κατὰ κόσμον ἑοῖς ἑτάροισι πελάσσῃς.
3.1191. ἠέλιος μὲν ἄπωθεν ἐρεμνὴν δύετο γαῖαν3.1192. ἑσπέριος, νεάτας ὑπὲρ ἄκριας Αἰθιοπήων·3.1193. νὺξ δʼ ἵπποισιν ἔβαλλεν ἔπι ζυγά· τοὶ δὲ χαμεύνας3.1194. ἔντυον ἥρωες παρὰ πείσμασιν. αὐτὰρ Ἰήσων3.1195. αὐτίκʼ ἐπεί ῥʼ Ἑλίκης εὐφεγγέος ἀστέρες Ἄρκτου3.1196. ἔκλιθεν, οὐρανόθεν δὲ πανεύκηλος γένετʼ αἰθήρ,3.1197. βῆ ῥʼ ἐς ἐρημαίην, κλωπήιος ἠύτε τις φώρ,3.1198. σὺν πᾶσιν χρήεσσι· πρὸ γάρ τʼ ἀλέγυνεν ἕκαστα3.1199. ἠμάτιος· θῆλυν μὲν ὄιν, γάλα τʼ ἔκτοθι ποίμνης3.1200. Ἄργος ἰὼν ἤνεικε· τὰ δʼ ἐξ αὐτῆς ἕλε νηός.3.1201. ἀλλʼ ὅτε δὴ ἴδε χῶρον, ὅτις πάτου ἔκτοθεν ἦεν3.1202. ἀνθρώπων, καθαρῇσιν ὑπεύδιος εἱαμενῇσιν,3.1203. ἔνθʼ ἤτοι πάμπρωτα λοέσσατο μὲν ποταμοῖο3.1204. εὐαγέως θείοιο τέρεν δέμας· ἀμφὶ δὲ φᾶρος3.1205. ἕσσατο κυάνεον, τό ῥά οἱ πάρος ἐγγυάλιξεν3.1206. Λημνιὰς Ὑψιπύλη, ἀδινῆς μνημήιον εὐνῆς.3.1207. πήχυιον δʼ ἄρʼ ἔπειτα πέδῳ ἔνι βόθρον ὀρύξας3.1208. νήησε σχίζας, ἐπὶ δʼ ἀρνειοῦ τάμε λαιμόν,3.1209. αὐτόν τʼ εὖ καθύπερθε τανύσσατο· δαῖε δὲ φιτρους3.1210. πῦρ ὑπένερθεν ἱείς, ἐπὶ δὲ μιγάδας χέε λοιβάς,3.1211. Βριμὼ κικλήσκων Ἑκάτην ἐπαρωγὸν ἀέθλων.3.1212. καί ῥʼ ὁ μὲν ἀγκαλέσας πάλιν ἔστιχεν· ἡ δʼ ἀίουσα3.1213. κευθμῶν ἐξ ὑπάτων δεινὴ θεὸς ἀντεβόλησεν3.1214. ἱροῖς Αἰσονίδαο· πέριξ δέ μιν ἐστεφάνωντο3.1215. σμερδαλέοι δρυΐνοισι μετὰ πτόρθοισι δράκοντες.3.1216. στράπτε δʼ ἀπειρέσιον δαΐδων σέλας· ἀμφὶ δὲ τήνγε3.1217. ὀξείῃ ὑλακῇ χθόνιοι κύνες ἐφθέγγοντο.3.1218. πίσεα δʼ ἔτρεμε πάντα κατὰ στίβον· αἱ δʼ ὀλόλυξαν3.1219. νύμφαι ἑλειονόμοι ποταμηίδες, αἳ περὶ κείνην3.1220. Φάσιδος εἱαμενὴν Ἀμαραντίου εἱλίσσονται.3.1221. Αἰσονίδην δʼ ἤτοι μὲν ἕλεν δέος, ἀλλά μιν οὐδʼ ὧς3.1222. ἐντροπαλιζόμενον πόδες ἔκφερον, ὄφρʼ ἑτάροισιν
5. Lucian, The Lover of Lies, 13-14 (2.0th cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: nan

 Found in books: Edmonds (2019) 21, 109, 350, 355; Ekroth (2013) 64, 66, 67, 69, 266
6. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.30.2, 7.18.12 (2.0th cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate, on Aegina

 Found in books: Bortolani et al (2019) 182; Ekroth (2013) 125; Gaifman (2012) 168; Hitch (2017) 89, 92
2.30.2. θεῶν δὲ Αἰγινῆται τιμῶσιν Ἑκάτην μάλιστα καὶ τελετὴν ἄγουσιν ἀνὰ πᾶν ἔτος Ἑκάτης, Ὀρφέα σφίσι τὸν Θρᾷκα καταστήσασθαι τὴν τελετὴν λέγοντες. τοῦ περιβόλου δὲ ἐντὸς ναός ἐστι, ξόανον δὲ ἔργον Μύρωνος , ὁμοίως ἓν πρόσωπόν τε καὶ τὸ λοιπὸν σῶμα. Ἀλκαμένης δὲ ἐμοὶ δοκεῖν πρῶτος ἀγάλματα Ἑκάτης τρία ἐποίησε προσεχόμενα ἀλλήλοις, ἣν Ἀθηναῖοι καλοῦσιν Ἐπιπυργιδίαν· ἕστηκε δὲ παρὰ τῆς Ἀπτέρου Νίκης τὸν ναόν.
7.18.12. πρῶτα μὲν δὴ πομπὴν μεγαλοπρεπεστάτην τῇ Ἀρτέμιδι πομπεύουσι, καὶ ἡ ἱερωμένη παρθένος ὀχεῖται τελευταία τῆς πομπῆς ἐπὶ ἐλάφων ὑπὸ τὸ ἅρμα ἐζευγμένων· ἐς δὲ τὴν ἐπιοῦσαν τηνικαῦτα ἤδη δρᾶν τὰ ἐς τὴν θυσίαν νομίζουσι, δημοσίᾳ τε ἡ πόλις καὶ οὐχ ἧσσον ἐς τὴν ἑορτὴν οἱ ἰδιῶται φιλοτίμως ἔχουσιν. ἐσβάλλουσι γὰρ ζῶντας ἐς τὸν βωμὸν ὄρνιθάς τε τοὺς ἐδωδίμους καὶ ἱερεῖα ὁμοίως ἅπαντα, ἔτι δὲ ὗς ἀγρίους καὶ ἐλάφους τε καὶ δορκάδας, οἱ δὲ καὶ λύκων καὶ ἄρκτων σκύμνους, οἱ δὲ καὶ τὰ τέλεια τῶν θηρίων· κατατιθέασι δὲ ἐπὶ τὸν βωμὸν καὶ δένδρων καρπὸν τῶν ἡμέρων.

2.30.2. of the gods, the Aeginetans worship most Hecate, in whose honor every year they celebrate mystic rites which, they say, Orpheus the Thracian established among them. Within the enclosure is a temple; its wooden image is the work of Myron, fl. c. 460 B.C. and it has one face and one body. It was Alcamenes, A contemporary of Pheidias. in my opinion, who first made three images of Hecate attached to one another, a figure called by the Athenians Epipurgidia (on the Tower); it stands beside the temple of the Wingless Victory
7.18.12. The festival begins with a most splendid procession in honor of Artemis, and the maiden officiating as priestess rides last in the procession upon a car yoked to deer. It is, however, not till the next day that the sacrifice is offered, and the festival is not only a state function but also quite a popular general holiday. For the people throw alive upon the altar edible birds and every kind of victim as well; there are wild boars, deer and gazelles; some bring wolf-cubs or bear-cubs, others the full-grown beasts. They also place upon the altar fruit of cultivated trees
7. Papyri, Papyri Graecae Magicae, 4.29, 4.31, 4.198, 4.251-4.252, 4.291-4.294, 4.309, 4.311-4.312, 4.1416, 4.2176-4.2178, 4.2469, 4.2473, 4.2484, 4.2505-4.2509, 4.2511-4.2519, 4.2531, 4.2594-4.2599, 4.2601-4.2606, 4.2846-4.2847, 4.2891-4.2899, 4.2901-4.2909, 4.2911-4.2919, 4.2921-4.2929, 4.2931-4.2939, 4.2941, 4.3086-4.3089, 4.3091-4.3099, 4.3101-4.3109, 4.3111-4.3119, 4.3121-4.3124, 7.896, 8.32-8.35, 12.25, 12.72, 12.238, 12.240, 13.55-13.60, 13.63-13.72, 13.215-13.225, 13.235-13.340, 13.568-13.581, 13.720-13.734 (3.0th cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate, • Hekate, Einodia • Hekate-Selene-Artemis • Hekate/Hecate

 Found in books: Bortolani et al (2019) 18, 46, 48, 67, 241, 242, 243, 249, 250, 252; Edmonds (2019) 79, 110, 128, 177, 341, 354, 366; Miller and Clay (2019) 297; Pachoumi (2017) 42, 82, 96, 103, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 142, 157
8. Porphyry, On Abstinence, 2.16.4 (3.0th cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate • Hekate (goddess)

 Found in books: Bortolani et al (2019) 183; Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 247
9. Strabo, Geography, 14.2.25
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate

 Found in books: Gaifman (2012) 168; Williamson (2021) 258

14.2.25. Stratoniceia is a settlement of Macedonians. And this too was adorned with costly improvements by the kings. There are two sanctuaries in the country of the Stratoniceians, of which the most famous, that of Hecate, is at Lagina; and it draws great festal assemblies every year. And near the city is that of Zeus Chrysaoreus, the common possession of all Carians, whither they gather both to offer sacrifice and to deliberate on their common interests. Their League, which consists of villages, is called Chrysaorian. And those who present the most villages have a preference in the vote, like, for example, the people of Ceramus. The Stratoniceians also have a share in the League, although they are not of the Carian stock, but because they have villages belonging to the Chrysaorian League. Here, too, in the time of our fathers, was born a noteworthy man, Menippus, surnamed Catocas, whom Cicero, as he says in one of his writings, applauded above all the Asiatic orators he had heard, comparing him with Xenocles and with the other orators who flourished in the latter's time. But there is also another Stratoniceia, Stratoniceia near the Taurus, as it is called; it is a small town situated near the mountain
10. Epigraphy, Lscg, 18
 Tagged with subjects: • Artemis, Hekate • Artemis, titles of Hekate • Hekate

 Found in books: Ekroth (2013) 133, 142, 143, 144, 151, 152, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 163, 223, 224, 239, 240, 260, 288, 298, 321, 324, 334; Parker (2005) 414; Pirenne-Delforge and Pironti (2022) 179, 180
11. Epigraphy, Seg, 54.214
 Tagged with subjects: • Hekate

 Found in books: Horster and Klöckner (2014) 7; Mackil and Papazarkadas (2020) 61



Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.