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16 results for "nuptial"
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.6 (th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 240
8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 16.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 237
16.18. "שֹׁפְטִים וְשֹׁטְרִים תִּתֶּן־לְךָ בְּכָל־שְׁעָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ לִשְׁבָטֶיךָ וְשָׁפְטוּ אֶת־הָעָם מִשְׁפַּט־צֶדֶק׃", 16.18. "Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, tribe by tribe; and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.",
3. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 2.7, 5.1-5.3, 26.27 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 235, 236, 237
2.7. "וַיִּיצֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם עָפָר מִן־הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּפַּח בְּאַפָּיו נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים וַיְהִי הָאָדָם לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה׃", 5.1. "זֶה סֵפֶר תּוֹלְדֹת אָדָם בְּיוֹם בְּרֹא אֱלֹהִים אָדָם בִּדְמוּת אֱלֹהִים עָשָׂה אֹתוֹ׃", 5.1. "וַיְחִי אֱנוֹשׁ אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־קֵינָן חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה וּשְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃", 5.2. "וַיִּהְיוּ כָּל־יְמֵי־יֶרֶד שְׁתַּיִם וְשִׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה וּתְשַׁע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיָּמֹת׃", 5.2. "זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בְּרָאָם וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמָם אָדָם בְּיוֹם הִבָּרְאָם׃", 5.3. "וַיְחִי אָדָם שְׁלֹשִׁים וּמְאַת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בִּדְמוּתוֹ כְּצַלְמוֹ וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ שֵׁת׃", 5.3. "וַיְחִי־לֶמֶךְ אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־נֹחַ חָמֵשׁ וְתִשְׁעִים שָׁנָה וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃", 26.27. "וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם יִצְחָק מַדּוּעַ בָּאתֶם אֵלָי וְאַתֶּם שְׂנֵאתֶם אֹתִי וַתְּשַׁלְּחוּנִי מֵאִתְּכֶם׃", 2.7. "Then the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.", 5.1. "This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made He him;", 5.2. "male and female created He them, and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.", 5.3. "And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth.", 26.27. "And Isaac said unto them: ‘Wherefore are ye come unto me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you?’",
4. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 236, 239
5. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 44.13 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 237
44.13. "חָרַשׁ עֵצִים נָטָה קָו יְתָאֲרֵהוּ בַשֶּׂרֶד יַעֲשֵׂהוּ בַּמַּקְצֻעוֹת וּבַמְּחוּגָה יְתָאֳרֵהוּ וַיַּעֲשֵׂהוּ כְּתַבְנִית אִישׁ כְּתִפְאֶרֶת אָדָם לָשֶׁבֶת בָּיִת׃", 44.13. "The carpenter stretcheth out a line; He marketh it out with a pencil; He fitteth it with planes, And he marketh it out with the compasses, And maketh it after the figure of a man, According to the beauty of a man, to dwell in the house.",
6. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.6 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 240
8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself.
7. Tosefta, Yevamot, 4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 246
8. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.199 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 246
2.199. 25. But then, what are our laws about marriage? That law owns no other mixture of sexes but that which nature hath appointed, of a man with his wife, and that this be used only for the procreation of children. But it abhors the mixture of a male with a male; and if any one do that, death is his punishment.
9. Mishnah, Avot, 6.14 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 235
10. Mishnah, Yevamot, 6 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 246
11. New Testament, Ephesians, 4.10-4.16, 5.31, 10.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 236, 241, 242
4.10. ὁ καταβὰς αὐτός ἐστιν καὶ ὁ ἀναβὰς ὑπεράνω πάντων τῶν οὐρανῶν, ἵνα πληρώσῃ τὰ πάντα. 4.11. καὶ αὐτὸς ἔδωκεν τοὺς μὲν ἀποστόλους, τοὺς δὲ προφήτας, τοὺς δὲ εὐαγγελιστάς, τοὺς δὲ ποιμένας καὶ διδασκάλους, 4.12. πρὸς τὸν καταρτισμὸν τῶν ἁγίων εἰς ἔργον διακονίας, εἰς οἰκοδομὴν τοῦ σώματος τοῦ χριστοῦ, 4.13. μέχρι καταντήσωμεν οἱ πάντες εἰς τὴν ἑνότητα τῆς πίστεως καὶ τῆς ἐπιγνώσεως τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ, εἰς ἄνδρα τέλειον, εἰς μέτρον ἡλικίας τοῦ πληρώματος τοῦ χριστοῦ, 4.14. ἵνα μηκέτι ὦμεν νήπιοι, κλυδωνιζόμενοι καὶ περιφερόμενοι παντὶ ἀνέμῳ τῆς διδασκαλίας ἐν τῇ κυβίᾳ τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἐν πανουργίᾳ πρὸς τὴν μεθοδίαν τῆς πλάνης, 4.15. ἀληθεύοντες δὲ ἐν ἀγάπῃ αὐξήσωμεν εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα, ὅς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλή, Χριστός, 4.16. ἐξ οὗ πᾶν τὸ σῶμα συναρμολογούμενον καὶ συνβιβαζόμενον διὰ πάσης ἁφῆς τῆς ἐπιχορηγίας κατʼ ἐνέργειαν ἐν μέτρῳ ἑνὸς ἑκάστου μέρους τὴν αὔξησιν τοῦ σώματος ποιεῖται εἰς οἰκοδομὴν ἑαυτοῦ ἐν ἀγάπῃ. 5.31. ἀντὶ τούτου καταλείψει ἄνθρωπος [τὸν] πατέρα καὶ [τὴν] μητέρα καὶ προσκολληθήσεται πρὸς τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἔσονται οἱ δύο εἰς σάρκα μίαν. 4.10. He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things. 4.11. He gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, shepherds and teachers; 4.12. for the perfecting of the saints, to the work of serving, to the building up of the body of Christ; 4.13. until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a full grown man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; 4.14. that we may no longer be children, tossed back and forth and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error; 4.15. but speaking truth in love, we may grow up in all things into him, who is the head, Christ; 4.16. from whom all the body, being fitted and knit together through that which every joint supplies, according to the working in measure of each individual part, makes the body increase to the building up of itself in love. 5.31. "For this cause a man will leave his father and mother, and will be joined to his wife. The two will become one flesh."
12. Anon., Deuteronomy Rabbah, 12.10 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 239
13. Anon., Genesis Rabba, 8.5, 30.2 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 234, 236
8.5. אָמַר רַבִּי סִימוֹן, בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁבָּא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לִבְרֹאת אֶת אָדָם הָרִאשׁוֹן, נַעֲשׂוּ מַלְאֲכֵי הַשָּׁרֵת כִּתִּים כִּתִּים, וַחֲבוּרוֹת חֲבוּרוֹת, מֵהֶם אוֹמְרִים אַל יִבָּרֵא, וּמֵהֶם אוֹמְרִים יִבָּרֵא, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (תהלים פה, יא): חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת נִפְגָּשׁוּ צֶדֶק וְשָׁלוֹם נָשָׁקוּ. חֶסֶד אוֹמֵר יִבָּרֵא, שֶׁהוּא גּוֹמֵל חֲסָדִים. וֶאֱמֶת אוֹמֵר אַל יִבָּרֵא, שֶׁכֻּלּוֹ שְׁקָרִים. צֶדֶק אוֹמֵר יִבָּרֵא, שֶׁהוּא עוֹשֶׂה צְדָקוֹת. שָׁלוֹם אוֹמֵר אַל יִבָּרֵא, דְּכוּלֵיהּ קְטָטָה. מֶה עָשָׂה הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא נָטַל אֱמֶת וְהִשְׁלִיכוֹ לָאָרֶץ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (דניאל ח, יב): וְתַשְׁלֵךְ אֱמֶת אַרְצָה, אָמְרוּ מַלְאֲכֵי הַשָּׁרֵת לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, רִבּוֹן הָעוֹלָמִים מָה אַתָּה מְבַזֶּה תַּכְסִיס אַלְטִיכְסְיָה שֶׁלָּךְ, תַּעֲלֶה אֱמֶת מִן הָאָרֶץ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (תהלים פה, יב): אֱמֶת מֵאֶרֶץ תִּצְמָח. רַבָּנָן אָמְרֵי לָהּ בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בַּר אִידֵי וְרַבִּי פִּינְחָס וְרַבִּי חֶלְקִיָּה בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי סִימוֹן אָמַר, מְאֹד, הוּא אָדָם. הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (בראשית א, לא): וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְהִנֵּה טוֹב מְאֹד, וְהִנֵּה טוֹב אָדָם. רַב הוּנָא רַבָּהּ שֶׁל צִפּוֹרִין אֲמַר עַד שֶׁמַּלְאֲכֵי הַשָּׁרֵת מִדַּיְּנִין אֵלּוּ עִם אֵלּוּ וּמִתְעַסְּקִין אֵלּוּ עִם אֵלּוּ בְּרָאוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא. אָמַר לָהֶן מָה אַתֶּם מִדַּיְּנִין כְּבָר נַעֲשָׂה אָדָם. 30.2. דָּבָר אַחֵר, אֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדֹת נֹחַ, כְּתִיב (איוב כד, יח): קַל הוּא עַל פְּנֵי מַיִם תְּקֻלַּל חֶלְקָתָם בָּאָרֶץ לֹא יִפְנֶה דֶּרֶךְ כְּרָמִים. קַל הוּא עַל פְּנֵי מַיִם, גְּזֵרָה שֶׁנִּגְזְרָה עֲלֵיהֶם שֶׁיֹּאבְדוּ בַּמַּיִם, תְּקֻלַּל חֶלְקָתָם בָּאָרֶץ, כְּלוֹמַר מִי שֶׁפָּרַע מִדּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל. כָּל כָּךְ לָמָּה, לֹא יִפְנֶה דֶּרֶךְ כְּרָמִים, שֶׁלֹא הָיְתָה כַּוָּנָתָן אֶלָּא לְמַטַּעַת כְּרָמִים, אֲבָל נֹחַ לֹא הָיְתָה כַּוָּנָתוֹ אֶלָּא לְהַפְרוֹת וּלְהַרְבּוֹת בָּעוֹלָם וּלְהַעֲמִיד בָּנִים, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: אֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדֹת נֹחַ. 30.2. "Outra interpretação: “Estas são as gerações de Noah”...está escrito: “Que eles sejam espuma (lit. leves) sobre a superfície das águas, que a parte deles na terra seja amaldiçoada, que ninguém ande pelos caminhos das suas vinhas...(Ióv 24: 18) a expressão: “que eles sejam espuma sobre a superfície das águas” refere-se ao decreto de destruição pela água [O Mabul/Inundação]. A expressão: “que a parte deles na terra seja amaldiçoada” – é como se fosse dizer: Aquele que fez pagar a geração do dilúvio, retribuirá a quem não guarda sua palavra. Por quê? Conforme a citação “...que ninguém ande pelos caminhos das suas vinhas”...isto é, eles não tinham a intenção de plantar videiras (eufemismo para procriação)... por outro lado; Noah pretendia frutificar, multiplicar-se no mundo...tal como foi dito: “estas são as gerações de Noah...”",
14. Palestinian Talmud, Yevamot, 6.5 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 234, 246
15. Babylonian Talmud, Ketuvot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 234
16. Babylonian Talmud, Yevamot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nuptial blessings (birkat hatanim) Found in books: Lorberbaum (2015), In God's Image: Myth, Theology, and Law in Classical Judaism, 246
62b. בני בנים הרי הן כבנים כי תניא ההיא להשלים,מיתיבי בני בנים הרי הם כבנים מת אחד מהם או שנמצא סריס לא קיים פריה ורביה תיובתא דרב הונא תיובתא:,בני בנים הרי הם כבנים: סבר אביי למימר ברא לברא וברתא לברתא וכ"ש ברא לברתא אבל ברתא לברא לא א"ל רבא לשבת יצרה בעיא והא איכא,דכולי עלמא מיהת תרי מחד לא ולא והא אמרי ליה רבנן לרב ששת נסיב איתתא ואוליד בני ואמר להו בני ברתי בני נינהו,התם דחויי קמדחי להו דרב ששת איעקר מפירקיה דרב הונא,אמר ליה רבה לרבא בר מארי מנא הא מילתא דאמור רבנן בני בנים הרי הן כבנים אילימא מדכתיב (בראשית לא, מג) הבנות בנותי והבנים בני אלא מעתה והצאן צאני הכי נמי אלא דקנית מינאי הכא נמי דקנית מינאי,אלא מהכא (דברי הימים א ב, כא) ואחר בא חצרון אל בת מכיר אבי גלעד ותלד לו את שגוב וכתיב (שופטים ה, יד) מני מכיר ירדו מחוקקים וכתיב (תהלים ס, ט) יהודה מחוקקי,מתניתין דלאו כרבי יהושע דתניא רבי יהושע אומר נשא אדם אשה בילדותו ישא אשה בזקנותו היו לו בנים בילדותו יהיו לו בנים בזקנותו שנא' (קהלת יא, ו) בבקר זרע את זרעך ולערב אל תנח ידך כי אינך יודע אי זה יכשר הזה או זה ואם שניהם כאחד טובים,ר"ע אומר למד תורה בילדותו ילמוד תורה בזקנותו היו לו תלמידים בילדותו יהיו לו תלמידים בזקנותו שנא' בבקר זרע את זרעך וגו' אמרו שנים עשר אלף זוגים תלמידים היו לו לרבי עקיבא מגבת עד אנטיפרס וכולן מתו בפרק אחד מפני שלא נהגו כבוד זה לזה,והיה העולם שמם עד שבא ר"ע אצל רבותינו שבדרום ושנאה להם ר"מ ור' יהודה ור' יוסי ורבי שמעון ורבי אלעזר בן שמוע והם הם העמידו תורה אותה שעה,תנא כולם מתו מפסח ועד עצרת אמר רב חמא בר אבא ואיתימא ר' חייא בר אבין כולם מתו מיתה רעה מאי היא א"ר נחמן אסכרה,א"ר מתנא הלכה כרבי יהושע,אמר רבי תנחום א"ר חנילאי כל אדם שאין לו אשה שרוי בלא שמחה בלא ברכה בלא טובה בלא שמחה דכתיב (דברים יד, כו) ושמחת אתה וביתך בלא ברכה דכתיב (יחזקאל מד, ל) להניח ברכה אל ביתך בלא טובה דכתיב (בראשית ב, יח) לא טוב היות האדם לבדו,במערבא אמרי בלא תורה בלא חומה בלא תורה דכתיב (איוב ו, יג) האם אין עזרתי בי ותושיה נדחה ממני בלא חומה דכתיב (ירמיהו לא, כב) נקבה תסובב גבר,רבא בר עולא אמר בלא שלום דכתיב (איוב ה, כד) וידעת כי שלום אהלך ופקדת נוך ולא תחטא,אמר ריב"ל כל היודע באשתו שהיא יראת שמים ואינו פוקדה נקרא חוטא שנאמר וידעת כי שלום אהלך וגו' ואמר ריב"ל חייב אדם לפקוד את אשתו בשעה שהוא יוצא לדרך שנא' וידעת כי שלום אהלך וגו',הא מהכא נפקא מהתם נפקא ואל אישך תשוקתך מלמד שהאשה משתוקקת על בעלה בשעה שהוא יוצא לדרך א"ר יוסף לא נצרכה אלא סמוך לווסתה,וכמה אמר רבא עונה והני מילי לדבר הרשות אבל לדבר מצוה מיטרידי,ת"ר האוהב את אשתו כגופו והמכבדה יותר מגופו והמדריך בניו ובנותיו בדרך ישרה והמשיאן סמוך לפירקן עליו הכתוב אומר וידעת כי שלום אהלך האוהב את שכיניו והמקרב את קרוביו והנושא את בת אחותו 62b. b Grandchildren are /b considered b like children. /b This indicates that if one’s children have passed away, he has fulfilled the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply only if they had children of their own, as they are considered like his own children. The Gemara responds: b When that /b i baraita /i b is taught /b it is with regard b to completing /b the required number of children, e.g., if he had only a son, but his son had a daughter, he has fulfilled the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply.,The Gemara b raises an objection /b to the opinion of Rav Huna from another i baraita /i : b Grandchildren are /b considered b like children. /b If b one of /b a man’s children b died or was discovered /b to be b a eunuch, /b the father has b not fulfilled /b the mitzva to be b fruitful and multiply. /b This directly contradicts Rav Huna’s statement that one fulfills the mitzva even if his children die. The Gemara concludes: b The refutation /b of the opinion b of Rav Huna is /b indeed b a conclusive refutation. /b ,§ It was taught in the i baraita /i that b grandchildren are /b considered b like children. Abaye thought to say /b that if one’s children die, he fulfills the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply through grandchildren, provided b a son /b was born b to /b his b son and a daughter to /b his b daughter, and all the more so /b if b a son /b was born b to /b his b daughter, /b as his grandchildren take the place of his children in these cases. b However, /b if b a daughter /b was born b to /b his b son, no, /b she cannot take the place of her father. b Rava said to him: /b We b require /b merely fulfillment of the verse: b “He formed it to be inhabited,” and there is /b fulfillment in this case, as the earth is inhabited by his descendants.,The Gemara comments: b In any event, everyone /b agrees that if one has b two /b grandchildren b from one /b child, b no, /b he has not fulfilled the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply, even if he has both a grandson and a granddaughter. The Gemara asks: b And /b has he b not? Didn’t the Rabbis say to Rav Sheshet: Marry a woman and have sons, /b as you have not yet fathered any sons, b and /b Rav Sheshet b said to them: The sons of my daughter are my sons? /b This indicates that one can fulfill the mitzva through grandchildren even if he did not have a son and daughter of his own.,The Gemara answers: b There, /b Rav Sheshet b was /b merely b putting them off. /b The real reason he did not want to get remarried was b because Rav Sheshet became impotent from Rav Huna’s discourse. /b Rav Huna’s discourses were so lengthy that Rav Sheshet became impotent after waiting for so long without relieving himself., b Rabba said to Rava bar Mari: From where is this matter that the Sages stated /b derived, that b grandchildren are /b considered b like children? If we say /b it is derived b from /b the fact b that it is written /b in Laban’s speech to Jacob: b “The daughters are my daughters and the children are my children” /b (Genesis 31:43), which indicates that Jacob’s children were also considered to be the children of their grandfather Laban, b if /b that is b so, /b does the continuation of Laban’s statement: b “And the flocks are my flocks” /b (Genesis 31:43), indicate that b so too, /b Jacob’s flocks were considered as belonging to Laban? b Rather, /b Laban was saying b that you, /b Jacob, b acquired /b them b from me. Here too, /b with regard to the children, Laban was saying: b You acquired /b them b from me, /b i.e., it is only due to me that you have children., b Rather, /b the proof is b from here: “And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir, the father of Gilead…and she bore him Segub” /b (I Chronicles 2:21), b and it is written: “Out of Machir came down governors” /b (Judges 5:14), b and it is written: “Judah is my governor” /b (Psalms 60:9). Consequently, the governors, who were from the tribe of Judah, were also called the sons of Machir, who was from the tribe of Manasseh. This must be because they were the children of Machir’s daughter and Hezron, indicating that grandchildren are considered like children.,§ The Gemara comments: b The mishna is not in accordance with /b the opinion of b Rabbi Yehoshua. As it is taught in a /b i baraita /i that b Rabbi Yehoshua says: /b If b a man married a woman in his youth, /b and she passed away, b he should marry /b another b woman in his old age. /b If b he had children in his youth, he should have /b more b children in his old age, as it is stated: “In the morning sow your seed, and in the evening do not withhold your hand; for you do not know which shall prosper, whether this or that, or whether they both alike shall be good” /b (Ecclesiastes 11:6). This verse indicates that a man should continue having children even after he has fulfilled the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply., b Rabbi Akiva says /b that the verse should be understood as follows: If one b studied Torah in his youth he should study /b more b Torah in his old age; /b if b he had students in his youth he should have /b additional b students in his old age, as it is stated: “In the morning sow your seed, etc.” They said /b by way of example that b Rabbi Akiva had twelve thousand pairs of students /b in an area of land that stretched b from Gevat to Antipatris /b in Judea, b and they all died in one period /b of time, b because they did not treat each other with respect. /b , b And the world was desolate /b of Torah b until Rabbi Akiva came to our Rabbis in the South and taught /b his Torah b to them. /b This second group of disciples consisted of b Rabbi Meir, Rabbi Yehuda, Rabbi Yosei, Rabbi Shimon, and Rabbi Elazar ben Shamua. And these are the very ones /b who b upheld /b the study of b Torah at that time. /b Although Rabbi Akiva’s earlier students did not survive, his later disciples were able to transmit the Torah to future generations.,With regard to the twelve thousand pairs of Rabbi Akiva’s students, the Gemara adds: It is b taught /b that b all of them died /b in the period b from Passover until i Shavuot /i . Rav Ḥama bar Abba said, and some say /b it was b Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Avin: They all died a bad death. /b The Gemara inquires: b What is it /b that is called a bad death? b Rav Naḥman said: Diphtheria. /b , b Rav Mattana said: The i halakha /i is in accordance with /b the opinion of b Rabbi Yehoshua, /b who said that one must attempt to have more children even if he has already fulfilled the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply.,§ Apropos the discussion with regard to the mitzva to have children, the Gemara cites statements about marriage in general. b Rabbi Tanḥum said /b that b Rabbi Ḥanilai said: Any man who does not have a wife is /b left b without joy, without blessing, without goodness. /b He proceeds to quote verses to support each part of his statement. He is b without joy, as it is written: “And you shall rejoice, you and your household” /b (Deuteronomy 14:26), which indicates that the a man is in a joyful state only when he is with his household, i.e., his wife. He is b without blessing, as it is written: “To cause a blessing to rest in your house” /b (Ezekiel 44:30), which indicates that blessing comes through one’s house, i.e., one’s wife. He is b without goodness, as it is written: “It is not good that man should be alone” /b (Genesis 2:18), i.e., without a wife., b In the West, /b Eretz Yisrael, they b say: /b One who lives without a wife is left b without Torah, /b and b without a wall /b of protection. He is b without Torah, as it is written: “Is it that I have no help in me, and that sound wisdom is driven from me?” /b (Job 6:13), indicating that one who does not have a wife lacks sound wisdom, i.e., Torah. He is b without a wall, as it is written: “A woman shall go round a man” /b (Jeremiah 31:21), similar to a protective wall., b Rava bar Ulla said: /b One who does not have a wife is left b without peace, as it is written: “And you shall know that your tent is in peace; and you shall visit your habitation and shall miss nothing” /b (Job 5:24). This indicates that a man has peace only when he has a tent, i.e., a wife.,On the same verse, b Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: Whoever knows that his wife fears Heaven /b and she desires him, b and he does not visit her, /b i.e., have intercourse with her, is b called a sinner, as it is stated: And you shall know that your tent is in peace; /b and you shall visit your habitation. b And Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: A man is obligated to visit his wife /b for the purpose of having intercourse b when he /b is about to b depart on a journey, as it is stated: “And you shall know that your tent is in peace, etc.” /b ,The Gemara asks: Is b this /b last statement b derived from here? /b It is b derived from there: “And your desire shall be to your husband” /b (Genesis 3:16), which b teaches that a wife desires her husband when he is about to depart on a journey. Rav Yosef said: /b The additional derivation cited by Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi b is necessary only near /b the time of b her set pattern, /b i.e., when she expects to begin experiencing menstrual bleeding. Although the Sages generally prohibited intercourse at this time due to a concern that the couple might have intercourse after she begins bleeding, if he is about to depart on a journey he must have intercourse with her.,The Gemara asks: b And how much /b before the expected onset of menstrual bleeding is considered near the time of her set pattern? b Rava said: An interval /b of time, i.e., half a daily cycle, either a day or a night. The Gemara comments: b And this /b statement that a man must have intercourse with his wife before he departs on a journey b applies /b only if he is traveling b for an optional matter, but /b if he is traveling in order to attend b to a matter /b pertaining to a b mitzva, /b he is not required to have intercourse with his wife so that he not become b preoccupied /b and neglect the mitzva.,§ b The Sages taught: /b One b who loves his wife as /b he loves b himself, and who honors her more than himself, and who instructs his sons and daughters in an upright path, and who marries them off near the time /b when b they /b reach maturity, b about him the verse states: And you shall know that your tent is in peace. /b As a result of his actions, there will be peace in his home, as it will be devoid of quarrel and sin. One b who loves his neighbors, and who draws his relatives close, and who marries the daughter of his sister, /b a woman he knows and is fond of as a family relative and not only as a wife,