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45 results for "matthaean"
1. Hebrew Bible, Malachi, 2.13-2.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69
2.13. "וְזֹאת שֵׁנִית תַּעֲשׂוּ כַּסּוֹת דִּמְעָה אֶת־מִזְבַּח יְהוָה בְּכִי וַאֲנָקָה מֵאֵין עוֹד פְּנוֹת אֶל־הַמִּנְחָה וְלָקַחַת רָצוֹן מִיֶּדְכֶם׃", 2.14. "וַאֲמַרְתֶּם עַל־מָה עַל כִּי־יְהוָה הֵעִיד בֵּינְךָ וּבֵין אֵשֶׁת נְעוּרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה בָּגַדְתָּה בָּהּ וְהִיא חֲבֶרְתְּךָ וְאֵשֶׁת בְּרִיתֶךָ׃", 2.15. "וְלֹא־אֶחָד עָשָׂה וּשְׁאָר רוּחַ לוֹ וּמָה הָאֶחָד מְבַקֵּשׁ זֶרַע אֱלֹהִים וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּם בְּרוּחֲכֶם וּבְאֵשֶׁת נְעוּרֶיךָ אַל־יִבְגֹּד׃", 2.16. "כִּי־שָׂנֵא שַׁלַּח אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִסָּה חָמָס עַל־לְבוּשׁוֹ אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּם בְּרוּחֲכֶם וְלֹא תִבְגֹּדוּ׃", 2.13. "And this further ye do: Ye cover the altar of the LORD with tears, With weeping, and with sighing, Insomuch that He regardeth not the offering any more, Neither receiveth it with good will at your hand.", 2.14. "Yet ye say: ‘Wherefore?’ Because the LORD hath been witness Between thee and the wife of thy youth, Against whom thou hast dealt treacherously, Though she is thy companion, And the wife of thy covet.", 2.15. "And not one hath done so Who had exuberance of spirit! For what seeketh the one? A seed given of God. Therefore take heed to your spirit, And let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.", 2.16. "For I hate putting away, Saith the LORD, the God of Israel, And him that covereth his garment with violence, Saith the LORD of hosts; Therefore take heed to your spirit, That ye deal not treacherously.",
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76
1.17. "וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם לְהָאִיר עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃", 1.17. "And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,",
3. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 24.1-24.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69, 73, 76
24.1. "כִּי־תַשֶּׁה בְרֵעֲךָ מַשַּׁאת מְאוּמָה לֹא־תָבֹא אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ לַעֲבֹט עֲבֹטוֹ׃", 24.1. "כִּי־יִקַּח אִישׁ אִשָּׁה וּבְעָלָהּ וְהָיָה אִם־לֹא תִמְצָא־חֵן בְּעֵינָיו כִּי־מָצָא בָהּ עֶרְוַת דָּבָר וְכָתַב לָהּ סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת וְנָתַן בְּיָדָהּ וְשִׁלְּחָהּ מִבֵּיתוֹ׃", 24.2. "וְיָצְאָה מִבֵּיתוֹ וְהָלְכָה וְהָיְתָה לְאִישׁ־אַחֵר׃", 24.2. "כִּי תַחְבֹּט זֵיתְךָ לֹא תְפָאֵר אַחֲרֶיךָ לַגֵּר לַיָּתוֹם וְלָאַלְמָנָה יִהְיֶה׃", 24.3. "וּשְׂנֵאָהּ הָאִישׁ הָאַחֲרוֹן וְכָתַב לָהּ סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת וְנָתַן בְּיָדָהּ וְשִׁלְּחָהּ מִבֵּיתוֹ אוֹ כִי יָמוּת הָאִישׁ הָאַחֲרוֹן אֲשֶׁר־לְקָחָהּ לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה׃", 24.4. "לֹא־יוּכַל בַּעְלָהּ הָרִאשׁוֹן אֲשֶׁר־שִׁלְּחָהּ לָשׁוּב לְקַחְתָּהּ לִהְיוֹת לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה אַחֲרֵי אֲשֶׁר הֻטַּמָּאָה כִּי־תוֹעֵבָה הִוא לִפְנֵי יְהוָה וְלֹא תַחֲטִיא אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ נַחֲלָה׃", 24.1. "When a man taketh a wife, and marrieth her, then it cometh to pass, if she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some unseemly thing in her, that he writeth her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house,", 24.2. "and she departeth out of his house, and goeth and becometh another man’s wife,", 24.3. "and the latter husband hateth her, and writeth her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, who took her to be his wife;", 24.4. "her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the LORD; and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.",
4. Anon., 1 Enoch, 37-55, 57-71, 56 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69
56. And I saw there the hosts of the angels of punishment going, and they held scourges and chains,of iron and bronze. And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: ' To whom are,these who hold the scourges going ' And he said unto me: ' To their elect and beloved ones, that they may be cast into the chasm of the abyss of the valley.,And then that valley shall be filled with their elect and beloved, And the days of their lives shall be at an end, And the days of their leading astray shall not thenceforward be reckoned.,And in those days the angels shall return And hurl themselves to the east upon the Parthians and Medes:They shall stir up the kings, so that a spirit of unrest shall come upon them, And they shall rouse them from their thrones,That they may break forth as lions from their lairs, And as hungry wolves among their flocks.,And they shall go up and tread under foot the land of His elect ones [And the land of His elect ones shall be before them a threshing-floor and a highway :]",But the city of my righteous shall be a hindrance to their horses.And they shall begin to fight among themselves, And their right hand shall be strong against themselves,And a man shall not know his brother, Nor a son his father or his mother,Till there be no number of the corpses through their slaughter, And their punishment be not in vain.,In those days Sheol shall open its jaws, And they shall be swallowed up thereinAnd their destruction shall be at an end; Sheol shall devour the sinners in the presence of the elect.'
5. Dead Sea Scrolls, (Cairo Damascus Covenant) Cd-A, 4.20, 5.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69, 76
6. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Covenant, 4.20, 5.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69, 76
7. Tosefta, Avodah Zarah, 3.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
3.5. "לעולם מלין את העובד כוכבים לשם גר ועובד כוכבים לא ימול את ישראל מפני שחשודין על הנפשות דברי ר\"מ וחכ\"א עובד כוכבים מל את ישראל בזמן שאחרים עומדין על גביו בינו לבינו אסור מפני שחשודין על הנפשות. ישראל מל את הכותי וכותי לא ימול את ישראל מפני שהן מלין לשם הר גריזים דברי ר' יהודה אמר לו ר' יוסי היכן מצינו מילה בתורה שאינה לשם ברית אלא ימול לשם הר גריזים עד שתצא נפשו ומוכרין להם ונותנין להם מתנת חנם במה דברים אמורין בזמן שאינו מכירו או שהיה עובר ממקום למקום אבל אם היה שכנו או אוהבו הרי זה מותר שאינו אלא כמוכרו לו. כתוב אומר לא תכרות להם ברית ולא תחנם אם ללמד על הברית הרי ברית אמור אלא למה נאמר לא תחנם מלמד שאין נותנין להם מתנת חנם. ",
8. Mishnah, Shabbat, 1.4 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 290
1.4. "וְאֵלּוּ מִן הַהֲלָכוֹת שֶׁאָמְרוּ בַעֲלִיַּת חֲנַנְיָה בֶן חִזְקִיָּה בֶן גֻּרְיוֹן כְּשֶׁעָלוּ לְבַקְּרוֹ. נִמְנוּ וְרַבּוּ בֵּית שַׁמַּאי עַל בֵּית הִלֵּל, וּשְׁמֹנָה עָשָׂר דְּבָרִים גָּזְרוּ בוֹ בַיּוֹם: \n", 1.4. "And these are of halakhot which they stated in the upper chamber of Haiah ben Hezekiah ben Gurion, when they went up to visit him. They took a count, and Bet Shammai outnumbered Beth Hillel and on that day they enacted eighteen measures.",
9. Mishnah, Yevamot, 1.4 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 69
1.4. "בֵּית שַׁמַּאי מַתִּירִין הַצָּרוֹת לָאַחִים, וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹסְרִים. חָלְצוּ, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי פּוֹסְלִין מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה, וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַכְשִׁירִים. נִתְיַבְּמוּ, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי מַכְשִׁירִים, וּבֵית הִלֵּל פּוֹסְלִין. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵלּוּ אוֹסְרִין וְאֵלּוּ מַתִּירִין, אֵלּוּ פּוֹסְלִין וְאֵלּוּ מַכְשִׁירִין, לֹא נִמְנְעוּ בֵּית שַׁמַּאי מִלִּשָּׂא נָשִׁים מִבֵּית הִלֵּל, וְלֹא בֵית הִלֵּל מִבֵּית שַׁמַּאי. כָּל הַטָּהֳרוֹת וְהַטֻּמְאוֹת שֶׁהָיוּ אֵלּוּ מְטַהֲרִין וְאֵלּוּ מְטַמְּאִין, לֹא נִמְנְעוּ עוֹשִׂין טָהֳרוֹת אֵלּוּ עַל גַּבֵּי אֵלּוּ: \n", 1.4. "Beth Shammai permits the rival wives to the surviving brothers, and Beth Hillel prohibits them. If they perform the halitzah, Beth Shammai disqualifies them from marrying a priest, and Beth Hillel makes the eligible. If they performed yibbum, Beth Shammai makes them eligible [to marry a priest], and Beth Hillel disqualifies them. Though these forbid and these permit, and these disqualify and these make eligible, Beth Shammai did not refrain from marrying women from [the families of] Beth Hillel, nor did Beth Hillel [refrain from marrying women] from [the families of] Beth Shammai. [With regard to] purity and impurity, which these declare pure and the others declare impure, neither of them refrained from using the utensils of the others for the preparation of food that was ritually clean.",
10. Mishnah, Eduyot, 7.7, 9.10 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76, 531
7.7. "הֵם הֵעִידוּ עַל אֲרוּכוֹת שֶׁל נַחְתּוֹמִים, שֶׁהֵן טְמֵאוֹת. שֶׁרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר. הֵם הֵעִידוּ עַל תַּנּוּר שֶׁחִתְּכוֹ חֻלְיוֹת וְנָתַן חֹל בֵּין חֻלְיָא לְחֻלְיָא, שֶׁהוּא טָמֵא. שֶׁרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר. הֵם הֵעִידוּ שֶׁמְּעַבְּרִין אֶת הַשָּׁנָה בְּכָל אֲדָר. שֶׁהָיוּ אוֹמְרִים עַד הַפּוּרִים. הֵם הֵעִידוּ שֶׁמְּעַבְּרִים אֶת הַשָּׁנָה עַל תְּנָאי. וּמַעֲשֶׂה בְרַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל שֶׁהָלַךְ לִטֹּל רְשׁוּת מֵהֶגְמוֹן בְּסוּרְיָא וְשָׁהָה לָבֹא, וְעִבְּרוּ אֶת הַשָּׁנָה עַל תְּנַאי לִכְשֶׁיִּרְצֶה רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל, וּכְשֶׁבָּא אָמַר רוֹצֶה אָנִי, וְנִמְצֵאת הַשָּׁנָה מְעֻבָּרֶת: \n", 7.7. "They testified concerning the boards of bakers, that they are impure (they can receive impurity), whereas Rabbi Eliezer declares them pure (unable to receive impurity). They testified concerning an oven which was cut into rings and sand was put between the rings that it is impure (can receive impurity), whereas Rabbi Eliezer declares it pure (unable to receive impurity). They testified that the year may be intercalated throughout the whole of Adar, whereas they used to say: only until Purim. They testified that the year may be intercalated conditionally. There was such a case with Rabban Gamaliel who went to receive permission from the governor in Syria and he delayed in coming back; and they intercalated the year on condition that rabban gamaliel should approve; and when he came back he said: I approve, and the year was intercalated.",
11. Anon., Didache, 8.1-8.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 293
12. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 6.14-7.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 655
13. New Testament, Acts, 15.1-15.5, 21.20 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 104, 295
15.1. ΚΑΙ ΤΙΝΕΣ ΚΑΤΕΛΘΟΝΤΕΣ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας ἐδίδασκον τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ὅτι Ἐὰν μὴ lt*gtιτμηθῆτε τῷ ἔθει τῷ Μωυσέως, οὐ δύνασθε σωθῆναι. 15.2. γενομένης δὲ στάσεως καὶ ζητήσεως οὐκ ὀλίγης τῷ Παύλῳ καὶ τῷ Βαρνάβᾳ πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἔταξαν ἀναβαίνειν Παῦλον καὶ Βαρνάβαν καί τινας ἄλλους ἐξ αὐτῶν πρὸς τοὺς ἀποστόλους καὶ πρεσβυτέρους εἰς Ἰερουσαλὴμ περὶ τοῦ ζητήματος τούτου. 15.3. Οἱ μὲν οὖν προπεμφθέντες ὑπὸ τῆς ἐκκλησίας διήρχοντο τήν τε Φοινίκην καὶ Σαμαρίαν ἐκδιηγούμενοι τὴν ἐπιστροφὴν τῶν ἐθνῶν, καὶ ἐποίουν χαρὰν μεγάλην πᾶσι τοῖς ἀδελφοῖς. 15.4. παραγενόμενοι δὲ εἰς Ἰεροσόλυμα παρεδέχθησαν ἀπὸ τῆς ἐκκλησίας καὶ τῶν ἀποστόλων καὶ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων, ἀνήγγειλάν τε ὅσα ὁ θεὸς ἐποίησεν μετʼ αὐτῶν. 15.5. Ἐξανέστησαν δέ τινες τῶν ἀπὸ τῆς αἱρέσεως τῶν Φαρισαίων πεπιστευκότες, λέγοντες ὅτι δεῖ περιτέμνειν αὐτοὺς παραγγέλλειν τε τηρεῖν τὸν νόμον Μωυσέως. 21.20. οἱ δὲ ἀκούσαντες ἐδόξαζον τὸν θεόν, εἶπάν τε αὐτῷ Θεωρεῖς, ἀδελφέ, πόσαι μυριάδες εἰσὶν ἐν τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις τῶν πεπιστευκότων, καὶ πάντες ζηλωταὶ τοῦ νόμου ὑπάρχουσιν· 15.1. Some men came down from Judea and taught the brothers, "Unless you are circumcised after the custom of Moses, you can't be saved." 15.2. Therefore when Paul and Barnabas had no small discord and discussion with them, they appointed Paul and Barnabas, and some others of them, to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and elders about this question. 15.3. They, being sent on their way by the assembly, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. They caused great joy to all the brothers. 15.4. When they had come to Jerusalem, they were received by the assembly and the apostles and the elders, and they reported all things that God had done with them. 15.5. But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, "It is necessary to circumcise them, and to charge them to keep the law of Moses." 21.20. They, when they heard it, glorified God. They said to him, "You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law.
14. New Testament, Galatians, 2.11-2.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 295
2.11. Ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν Κηφᾶς εἰς Ἀντιόχειαν, κατὰ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ ἀντέστην, ὅτι κατεγνωσμένος ἦν· 2.12. πρὸ τοῦ γὰρ ἐλθεῖν τινὰς ἀπὸ Ἰακώβου μετὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν συνήσθιεν· ὅτε δὲ ἦλθον, ὑπέστελλεν καὶ ἀφώριζεν ἑαυτόν, φοβούμενος τοὺς ἐκ περιτομῆς. 2.13. καὶ συνυπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ [καὶ] οἱ λοιποὶ Ἰουδαῖοι, ὥστε καὶ Βαρνάβας συναπήχθη αὐτῶν τῇ ὑποκρίσει. 2.14. ἀλλʼ ὅτε εἶδον ὅτι οὐκ ὀρθοποδοῦσιν πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, εἶπον τῷ Κηφᾷ ἔμπροσθεν πάντων Εἰ σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὑπάρχων ἐθνικῶς καὶ οὐκ Ἰουδαϊκῶς ζῇς, πῶς τὰ ἔθνη ἀναγκάζεις Ἰουδαΐζειν; 2.11. But when Peter came to Antioch, I resisted him to the face,because he stood condemned. 2.12. For before some people came fromJames, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back andseparated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision. 2.13. And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that evenBarnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. 2.14. But when I sawthat they didn't walk uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, Isaid to Peter before them all, "If you, being a Jew, live as theGentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles tolive as the Jews do?
15. New Testament, Romans, 1.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 294
1.3. περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, τοῦ γενομένου ἐκ σπέρματος Δαυεὶδ κατὰ σάρκα, 1.3. concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh,
16. New Testament, John, 1.38, 1.49, 3.2, 3.26, 4.31, 6.25, 9.2, 9.22, 11.8, 12.42, 18.3, 20.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 293, 518
1.38. στραφεὶς δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ θεασάμενος αὐτοὺς ἀκολουθοῦντας λέγει αὐτοῖς Τί ζητεῖτε; οἱ δὲ εἶπαν αὐτῷ Ῥαββεί, ?̔ὃ λέγεται μεθερμηνευόμενον Διδάσκαλε?̓ ποῦ μένεις; 1.49. ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ Ναθαναήλ Ῥαββεί, σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, σὺ βασιλεὺς εἶ τοῦ Ἰσραήλ. 3.2. οὗτος ἦλθεν πρὸς αὐτὸν νυκτὸς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ῥαββεί, οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἀπὸ θεοῦ ἐλήλυθας διδάσκαλος· οὐδεὶς γὰρ δύναται ταῦτα τὰ σημεῖα ποιεῖν ἃ σὺ ποιεῖς, ἐὰν μὴ ᾖ ὁ θεὸς μετʼ αὐτοῦ. 3.26. καὶ ἦλθαν πρὸς τὸν Ἰωάνην καὶ εἶπαν αὐτῷ Ῥαββεί, ὃς ἦν μετὰ σοῦ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, ᾧ σὺ μεμαρτύρηκας, ἴδε οὗτος βαπτίζει καὶ πάντες ἔρχονται πρὸς αὐτόν. 4.31. Ἐν τῷ μεταξὺ ἠρώτων αὐτὸν οἱ μαθηταὶ λέγοντες Ῥαββεί, φάγε. 6.25. καὶ εὑρόντες αὐτὸν πέραν τῆς θαλάσσης εἶπον αὐτῷ Ῥαββεί, πότε ὧδε γέγονας; 9.2. καὶ ἠρώτησαν αὐτὸν οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ λέγοντες Ῥαββεί, τίς ἥμαρτεν, οὗτος ἢ οἱ γονεῖς αὐτοῦ, ἵνα τυφλὸς γεννηθῇ; 9.22. ταῦτα εἶπαν οἱ γονεῖς αὐτοῦ ὅτι ἐφοβοῦντο τοὺς Ἰουδαίους, ἤδη γὰρ συνετέθειντο οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι ἵνα ἐάν τις αὐτὸν ὁμολογήσῃ Χριστόν, ἀποσυνάγωγος γένηται. 11.8. λέγουσιν αὐτῷ οἱ μαθηταί Ῥαββεί, νῦν ἐζήτουν σε λιθάσαι οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι, καὶ πάλιν ὑπάγεις ἐκεῖ; 12.42. Ὅμως μέντοι καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἀρχόντων πολλοὶ ἐπίστευσαν εἰς αὐτόν, ἀλλὰ διὰ τοὺς Φαρισαίους οὐχ ὡμολόγουν ἵνα μὴ ἀποσυνάγωγοι γένωνται, 18.3. ὁ οὖν Ἰούδας λαβὼν τὴν σπεῖραν καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἀρχιερέων καὶ [ἐκ] τῶν Φαρισαίων ὑπηρέτας ἔρχεται ἐκεῖ μετὰ φανῶν καὶ λαμπάδων καὶ ὅπλων. 20.16. λέγει αὐτῇ Ἰησοῦς Μαριάμ. στραφεῖσα ἐκείνη λέγει αὐτῷ Ἐβραϊστί Ῥαββουνεί ?̔ὃ λέγεται Διδάσκαλἐ. 1.38. Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, "What are you looking for?"They said to him, "Rabbi" (which is to say, being interpreted, Teacher), "where are you staying?" 1.49. Nathanael answered him, "Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are King of Israel!" 3.2. The same came to him by night, and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do, unless God is with him." 3.26. They came to John, and said to him, "Rabbi, he who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified, behold, the same baptizes, and everyone is coming to him." 4.31. In the meanwhile, the disciples urged him, saying, "Rabbi, eat." 6.25. When they found him on the other side of the sea, they asked him, "Rabbi, when did you come here?" 9.2. His disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" 9.22. His parents said these things because they feared the Jews; for the Jews had already agreed that if any man would confess him as Christ, he would be put out of the synagogue. 11.8. The disciples told him, "Rabbi, the Jews were just trying to stone you, and are you going there again?" 12.42. Nevertheless even of the rulers many believed in him, but because of the Pharisees they didn't confess it, so that they wouldn't be put out of the synagogue, 18.3. Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons. 20.16. Jesus said to her, "Mary."She turned and said to him, "Rhabbouni!" which is to say, "Teacher!"
17. New Testament, Luke, 5.5, 6.1-6.11, 7.1-7.10, 8.24, 9.33, 9.49, 11.46, 16.18, 17.13, 20.9-20.19, 23.7, 23.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76, 282, 294, 518, 531
5.5. καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς Σίμων εἶπεν Ἐπιστάτα, διʼ ὅλης νυκτὸς κοπιάσαντες οὐδὲν ἐλάβομεν, ἐπὶ δὲ τῷ ῥήματί σου χαλάσω τὰ δίκτυα. 6.1. Ἐγένετο δὲ ἐν σαββάτῳ διαπορεύεσθαι αὐτὸν διὰ σπορίμων, καὶ ἔτιλλον οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἤσθιον τοὺς στάχυας ψώχοντες ταῖς χερσίν. 6.2. τινὲς δὲ τῶν Φαρισαίων εἶπαν Τί ποιεῖτε ὃ οὐκ ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν; 6.3. καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς πρὸς αὐτοὺς εἶπεν [ὁ] Ἰησοῦς Οὐδὲ τοῦτο ἀνέγνωτε ὃ ἐποίησεν Δαυεὶδ ὅτε ἐπείνασεν αὐτὸς καὶ οἱ μετʼ αὐτοῦ; 6.4. [ὡς] εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ τοὺς ἄρτους τῆς προθέσεως λαβὼν ἔφαγεν καὶ ἔδωκεν τοῖς μετʼ αὐτοῦ, οὓς οὐκ ἔξεστιν φαγεῖν εἰ μὴ μόνους τοὺς ἱερεῖς; 6.5. καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς Κύριός ἐστιν τοῦ σαββάτου ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου. 6.6. Ἐγένετο δὲ ἐν ἑτέρῳ σαββάτῳ εἰσελθεῖν αὐτὸν εἰς τὴν συναγωγὴν καὶ διδάσκειν· καὶ ἦν ἄνθρωπος ἐκεῖ καὶ ἡ χεὶρ αὐτοῦ ἡ δεξιὰ ἦν ξηρά· 6.7. παρετηροῦντο δὲ αὐτὸν οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι εἰ ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ θεραπεύει, ἵνα εὕρωσιν κατηγορεῖν αὐτοῦ. 6.8. αὐτὸς δὲ ᾔδει τοὺς διαλογισμοὺς αὐτῶν, εἶπεν δὲ τῷ ἀνδρὶ τῷ ξηρὰν ἔχοντι τὴν χεῖρα Ἔγειρε καὶ στῆθι εἰς τὸ μέσον· καὶ ἀναστὰς ἔστη. 6.9. εἶπεν δὲ [ὁ] Ἰησοῦς πρὸς αὐτούς Ἐπερωτῶ ὑμᾶς, εἰ ἔξεστιν τῷ σαββάτῳ ἀγαθοποιῆσαι ἢ κακοποιῆσαι, ψυχὴν σῶσαι ἢ ἀπολέσαι; 6.10. καὶ περιβλεψάμενος πάντας αὐτοὺς εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ἔκτεινον τὴν χεῖρά σου· ὁ δὲ ἐποίησεν, καὶ ἀπεκατεστάθη ἡ χεὶρ αὐτοῦ. 6.11. Αὐτοὶ δὲ ἐπλήσθησαν ἀνοίας, καὶ διελάλουν πρὸς ἀλλήλους τί ἂν ποιήσαιεν τῷ Ἰησοῦ. 7.1. Επειδὴ ἐπλήρωσεν πάντα τὰ ῥήματα αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς ἀκοὰς τοῦ λαοῦ, εἰσῆλθεν εἰς Καφαρναούμ. 7.2. Ἑκατοντάρχου δέ τινος δοῦλος κακῶς ἔχων ἤμελλεν τελευτᾷν, ὃς ἦν αὐτῷ ἔντιμος. 7.3. ἀκούσας δὲ περὶ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἀπέστειλεν πρὸς αὐτὸν πρεσβυτέρους τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ἐρωτῶν αὐτὸν ὅπως ἐλθὼν διασώσῃ τὸν δοῦλον αυτοῦ. 7.4. οἱ δὲ παραγενόμενοι πρὸς τὸν Ἰησοῦν παρεκάλουν αὐτὸν σπουδαίως λέγοντες ὅτι ἄξιός ἐστιν ᾧ παρέξῃ τοῦτο, 7.5. ἀγαπᾷ γὰρ τὸ ἔθνος ἡμῶν καὶ τὴν συναγωγὴν αὐτὸς ᾠκοδόμησεν ἡμῖν. 7.6. ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἐπορεύετο σὺν αὐτοῖς. ἤδη δὲ αὐτοῦ οὐ μακρὰν ἀπέχοντος ἀπὸ τῆς οἰκίας ἔπεμψεν φίλους ὁ ἑκατοντάρχης λέγων αὐτῷ Κύριε, μὴ σκύλλου, οὐ γὰρ ἱκανός εἰμι ἵνα ὑπὸ τὴν στέγην μου εἰσέλθῃς· 7.7. διὸ οὐδὲ ἐμαυτὸν ἠξίωσα πρὸς σὲ ἐλθεῖν· ἀλλὰ εἰπὲ λόγῳ, καὶ ἰαθήτω ὁ παῖς μου· 7.8. καὶ γὰρ ἐγὼ ἄνθρωπός εἰμι ὑπὸ ἐξουσίαν τασσόμενος, ἔχων ὑπʼ ἐμαυτὸν στρατιώτας, καὶ λέγω τούτῳ Πορεύθητι, καὶ πορεύεται, καὶ ἄλλῳ Ἔρχου, καὶ ἔρχεται, καὶ τῷ δούλῳ μου Ποίησον τοῦτο, καὶ ποιεῖ. 7.9. ἀκούσας δὲ ταῦτα ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐθαύμασεν αὐτόν, καὶ στραφεὶς τῷ ἀκολουθοῦντι αὐτῷ ὄχλῳ εἶπεν Λέγω ὑμῖν, οὐδὲ ἐν τῷ Ἰσραὴλ τοσαύτην πίστιν εὗρον. 7.10. καὶ ὑποστρέψαντες εἰς τὸν οἶκον οἱ πεμφθέντες εὗρον τὸν δοῦλον ὑγιαίνοντα. 8.24. προσελθόντες δὲ διήγειραν αὐτὸν λέγοντες Ἐπιστάτα ἐπιστάτα, ἀπολλύμεθα· ὁ δὲ διεγερθεὶς ἐπετίμησεν τῷ ἀνέμῳ καὶ τῷ κλύδωνι τοῦ ὕδατος, καὶ ἐπαύσαντο, καὶ ἐγένετο γαλήνη. 9.33. καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ διαχωρίζεσθαι αὐτοὺς ἀπʼ αὐτοῦ εἶπεν ὁ Πέτρος πρὸς τὸν Ἰησοῦν Ἐπιστάτα, καλόν ἐστιν ἡμᾶς ὧδε εἶναι, καὶ ποιήσωμεν σκηνὰς τρεῖς, μίαν σοὶ καὶ μίαν Μωυσεῖ καὶ μίαν Ἠλείᾳ, μὴ εἰδὼς ὃ λέγει. 9.49. Ἀποκριθεὶς δὲ Ἰωάνης εἶπεν Ἐπιστάτα, εἴδαμέν τινα ἐν τῷ ὀνόματί σου ἐκβάλλοντα δαιμόνια, καὶ ἐκωλύομεν αὐτὸν ὅτι οὐκ ἀκολουθεῖ μεθʼ ἡμῶν. 11.46. ὁ δὲ εἶπεν Καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς νομικοῖς οὐαί, ὅτι φορτίζετε τοὺς ἀνθρώπους φορτία δυσβάστακτα, καὶ αὐτοὶ ἑνὶ τῶν δακτύλων ὑμῶν οὐ προσψαύετε τοῖς φορτίοις. 16.18. Πᾶς ὁ ἀπολύων τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ καὶ γαμῶν ἑτέραν μοιχεύει, καὶ ὁ ἀπολελυμένην ἀπὸ ἀνδρὸς γαμῶν μοιχεύει. 17.13. καὶ αὐτοὶ ἦραν φωνὴν λέγοντες Ἰησοῦ ἐπιστάτα, ἐλέησον ἡμᾶς. 20.9. Ἤρξατο δὲ πρὸς τὸν λαὸν λέγειν τὴν παραβαλὴν ταύτην Ἄνθρωπος ἐφύτευσεν ἀμπελῶνα, καὶ ἐξέδετο αὐτὸν γεωργοῖς, καὶ ἀπεδήμησεν χρόνους ἱκανούς. 20.10. καὶ καιρῷ ἀπέστειλεν πρὸς τοὺς γεωργοὺς δοῦλον, ἵνα ἀπὸ τοῦ καρποῦ τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος δώσουσιν αὐτῷ· οἱ δὲ γεωργοὶ ἐξαπέστειλαν αὐτὸν δείραντες κενόν. 20.11. καὶ προσέθετο ἕτερον πέμψαι δοῦλον· οἱ δὲ κἀκεῖνον δείραντες καὶ ἀτιμάσαντες ἐξαπέστειλαν κενόν. 20.12. καὶ προσέθετο τρίτον πέμψαι· οἱ δὲ καὶ τοῦτον τραυματίσαντες ἐξέβαλον. 20.13. εἶπεν δὲ ὁ κύριος τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος Τί ποιήσω; πέμψω τὸν υἱόν μου τὸν ἀγαπητόν· ἴσως τοῦτον ἐντραπήσονται. 20.14. ἰδόντες δὲ αὐτὸν οἱ γεωργοὶ διελογίζοντο πρὸς ἀλλήλους λέγοντες Οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ κληρονόμος· ἀποκτείνωμεν αὐτόν, ἵνα ἡμῶν γένηται ἡ κληρονομία· 20.15. καὶ ἐκβαλόντες αὐτὸν ἔξω τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος ἀπέκτειναν. τί οὖν ποιήσει αὐτοῖς ὁ κύριος τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος; 20.16. ἐλεύσεται καὶ ἀπολέσει τοὺς γεωργοὺς τούτους, καὶ δώσει τὸν ἀμπελῶνα ἄλλοις. ἀκούσαντες δὲ εἶπαν Μὴ γένοιτο. 20.17. ὁ δὲ ἐμβλέψας αὐτοῖς εἶπεν Τί οὖν ἐστὶν τὸ γεγραμμένον τοῦτο Λίθον ὃν ἀπεδοκίμασαν οἱ οἰκοδομοῦντες, οὗτος ἐγενήθη εἰς κεφαλὴν γωνίας; 20.18. πᾶς ὁ πεσὼν ἐπʼ ἐκεῖνον τὸν λίθον συνθλασθήσεται· ἐφʼ ὃν δʼ ἂν πέσῃ, λικμήσει αὐτόν. 20.19. Καὶ ἐζήτησαν οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς ἐπιβαλεῖν ἐπʼ αὐτὸν τὰς χεῖρας ἐν αὐτῇ τῇ ὥρᾳ, καὶ ἐφοβήθησαν τὸν λαόν, ἔγνωσαν γὰρ ὅτι πρὸς αὐτοὺς εἶπεν τὴν παραβολὴν ταύτην. 23.7. καὶ ἐπιγνοὺς ὅτι ἐκ τῆς ἐξουσίας Ἡρῴδου ἐστὶν ἀνέπεμψεν αὐτὸν πρὸς Ἡρῴδην, ὄντα καὶ αὐτὸν ἐν Ἰεροσολύμοις ἐν ταύταις ταῖς ἡμέραις. 23.29. ὅτι ἰδοὺ ἔρχονται ἡμέραι ἐν αἷς ἐροῦσιν Μακάριαι αἱ στεῖραι καὶ αἱ κοιλίαι αἳ οὐκ ἐγέννησαν καὶ μαστοὶ οἳ οὐκ ἔθρεψαν. 5.5. Simon answered him, "Master, we worked all night, and took nothing; but at your word I will let down the net." 6.1. Now it happened on the second Sabbath after the first, that he was going through the grain fields. His disciples plucked the heads of grain, and ate, rubbing them in their hands. 6.2. But some of the Pharisees said to them, "Why do you do that which is not lawful to do on the Sabbath day?" 6.3. Jesus, answering them, said, "Haven't you read what David did when he was hungry, he, and those who were with him; 6.4. how he entered into the house of God, and took and ate the show bread, and gave also to those who were with him, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests alone?" 6.5. He said to them, "The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath." 6.6. It also happened on another Sabbath that he entered into the synagogue and taught. There was a man there, and his right hand was withered. 6.7. The scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against him. 6.8. But he knew their thoughts; and he said to the man who had the withered hand, "Rise up, and stand in the middle." He arose and stood. 6.9. Then Jesus said to them, "I will ask you something: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?" 6.10. He looked around at them all, and said to him, "Stretch out your hand." He did, and his hand was restored as sound as the other. 6.11. But they were filled with rage, and talked with one another about what they might do to Jesus. 7.1. After he had finished speaking in the hearing of the people, he entered into Capernaum. 7.2. A certain centurion's servant, who was dear to him, was sick and at the point of death. 7.3. When he heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and save his servant. 7.4. When they came to Jesus, they begged him earnestly, saying, "He is worthy for you to do this for him, 7.5. for he loves our nation, and he built our synagogue for us." 7.6. Jesus went with them. When he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying to him, "Lord, don't trouble yourself, for I am not worthy for you to come under my roof. 7.7. Therefore I didn't even think myself worthy to come to you; but say the word, and my servant will be healed. 7.8. For I also am a man placed under authority, having under myself soldiers. I tell this one, 'Go!' and he goes; and to another, 'Come!' and he comes; and to my servant, 'Do this,' and he does it." 7.9. When Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turned and said to the multitude who followed him, "I tell you, I have not found such great faith, no, not in Israel." 7.10. Those who were sent, returning to the house, found that the servant who had been sick was well. 8.24. They came to him, and awoke him, saying, "Master, master, we are dying!" He awoke, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and it was calm. 9.33. It happened, as they were parting from him, that Peter said to Jesus, "Master, it is good for us to be here. Let's make three tents: one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah," not knowing what he said. 9.49. John answered, "Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we forbade him, because he doesn't follow with us." 11.46. He said, "Woe to you lawyers also! For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves won't even lift one finger to help carry those burdens. 16.18. Everyone who divorces his wife, and marries another, commits adultery. He who marries one who is divorced from a husband commits adultery. 17.13. They lifted up their voices, saying, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!" 20.9. He began to tell the people this parable. "A man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time. 20.10. At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat him, and sent him away empty. 20.11. He sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. 20.12. He sent yet a third, and they also wounded him, and threw him out. 20.13. The lord of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.' 20.14. "But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.' 20.15. They threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them? 20.16. He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others."When they heard it, they said, "May it never be!" 20.17. But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written, 'The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the chief cornerstone?' 20.18. "Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, But it will crush whomever it falls on to dust." 20.19. The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on Him that very hour, but they feared the people -- for they knew He had spoken this parable against them. 23.7. When he found out that he was in Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days. 23.29. For behold, the days are coming in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.'
18. New Testament, Mark, 2.23-3.6, 9.5, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9, 10.11, 10.17, 10.51, 11.21, 11.25, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12, 14.45, 68 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76
10.5. ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Πρὸς τὴν σκληροκαρδίαν ὑμῶν ἔγραψεν ὑμῖν τὴν ἐντολὴν ταύτην· 10.5. But Jesus said to them, "For your hardness of heart, he wrote you this commandment.
19. New Testament, Matthew, 2.2, 3.15, 5, 5.32, 5.47, 6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 6.13, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16, 6.17, 6.18, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, 8.11, 8.12, 8.13, 8.14, 8.15, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.16, 10.18, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12, 12.13, 12.14, 15.7, 15.24, 17.4, 18.17, 19.9, 21.22, 21.23, 21.24, 21.25, 21.26, 21.27, 21.28, 21.29, 21.30, 21.31, 21.32, 21.33-22.14, 21.33, 21.34, 21.35, 21.36, 21.37, 21.38, 21.39, 21.40, 21.41, 21.42, 21.43, 21.44, 21.45, 21.46, 22.18, 23.1, 23.7, 23.8, 23.9, 23.10, 23.11, 23.12, 23.13, 23.14, 23.15, 23.16, 23.17, 23.18, 23.19, 23.20, 23.21, 23.22, 23.23, 23.24, 23.25, 23.26, 23.27, 23.28, 23.29, 23.30, 23.31, 23.32, 24.14, 26.25, 26.49, 27.3, 27.19, 27.20, 27.21, 27.22, 27.23, 27.24, 27.25, 27.62, 27.63, 27.64, 27.65, 27.66, 28.11, 28.15, 28.18, 28.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 73, 76
5.32. Ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ ἀπολύων τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ παρεκτὸς λόγου πορνείας ποιεῖ αὐτὴν μοιχευθῆναι[, καὶ ὃς ἐὰν ἀπολελυμένην γαμήσῃ μοιχᾶται]. 5.32. but I tell you that whoever who puts away his wife, except for the cause of sexual immorality, makes her an adulteress; and whoever marries her when she is put away commits adultery.
20. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 7.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76
7.10. Τοῖς δὲ γεγαμηκόσιν παραγγέλλω, οὐκ ἐγὼ ἀλλὰ ὁ κύριος, γυναῖκα ἀπὸ ἀνδρὸς μὴ χωρισθῆναι,— 7.10. But to the married I command-- not I, but the Lord -- that the wife not leave her husband
21. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 7.45-7.53 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 290
7.45. and as the succeeding kings treated them after the same manner, they both multiplied to a great number, and adorned their temple gloriously by fine ornaments, and with great magnificence, in the use of what had been given them. They also made proselytes of a great many of the Greeks perpetually, and thereby, after a sort, brought them to be a portion of their own body. 7.46. But about this time when the present war began, and Vespasian was newly sailed to Syria, 7.47. and all men had taken up a great hatred against the Jews, then it was that a certain person, whose name was Antiochus, being one of the Jewish nation, and greatly respected on account of his father, who was governor of the Jews at Antioch came upon the theater at a time when the people of Antioch were assembled together, and became an informer against his father, and accused both him and others that they had resolved to burn the whole city in one night;; he also delivered up to them some Jews that were foreigners, as partners in their resolutions. 7.48. When the people heard this, they could not refrain their passion, but commanded that those who were delivered up to them should have fire brought to burn them, who were accordingly all burnt upon the theater immediately. 7.49. They did also fall violently upon the multitude of the Jews, as supposing that by punishing them suddenly they should save their own city. 7.50. As for Antiochus, he aggravated the rage they were in, and thought to give them a demonstration of his own conversion, and of his hatred of the Jewish customs, by sacrificing after the manner of the Greeks; 7.51. he persuaded the rest also to compel them to do the same, because they would by that means discover who they were that had plotted against them, since they would not do so; and when the people of Antioch tried the experiment, some few complied, but those that would not do so were slain. 7.52. As for Antiochus himself, he obtained soldiers from the Roman commander, and became a severe master over his own citizens, not permitting them to rest on the seventh day, but forcing them to do all that they usually did on other days; 7.53. and to that degree of distress did he reduce them in this matter, that the rest of the seventh day was dissolved not only at Antioch, but the same thing which took thence its rise was done in other cities also, in like manner, for some small time.
22. Ignatius, To The Smyrnaeans, 1.1-1.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 294, 295
23. Tosefta, Shabbat, 1.15 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 290
24. Ignatius, To The Ephesians, 19.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 294
19.2. How then were they made manifest to the ages? A star shone forth in the heaven above all the stars; and its light was unutterable, and its strangeness caused amazement; and all the rest of the constellations with the sun and moon formed themselves into a chorus about the star; but the star itself far outshone them all; and there was perplexity to know whence came this strange appearance which was so unlike them.
25. Ignatius, To Polycarp, 2.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 294
2.2. Be thou prudent as the serpent in all things and guileless always as the dove. Therefore art thou made of flesh and spirit, that thou mayest humour the things which appear before thine eyes; and as for the invisible things, pray thou that they may be revealed unto thee; that thou mayest be lacking in nothing, but mayest abound in every spiritual gift.
26. Tosefta, Berachot, 6.24 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 274
6.24. "לא יכנס אדם [בהר הבית במעות הצרורות לו בסדינו ובאבק שעל רגליו באפונדתו החגורה לו] מבחוץ שנאמר (קוהלת ד) שמור רגלך כאשר תלך אל בית האלהים.",
27. Tosefta, Demai, 2.9, 3.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 655
2.9. "הבא לקבל עליו אם היה נוהג מתחלה בצינעא מקבלין אותו ואחר כך מלמדין ואם לאו מלמדין אותו ואחר כך מקבלין אותו ומלמדין אותו והולכין ומקבלין לכנפים ואחר כך מקבלין לטהרות [אם] אמר איני מקבל עלי אלא לכנפים בלבד מקבלין אותו קבל עליו לטהרות ולא קבל עליו לכנפים אף על הטהרות אינו נאמן עד מתי מקבלין ב\"ש אומרים למשקין שלשים יום לכסות שנים עשר חודש ובה\"א זה וזה לשלשים יום.", 3.4. "אוכל כהן ישראל עם כהן כותי בזמן שעושה בטומאה אבל בזמן שעושה בטהרה הרי זה לא יאכל עמו מפני שמאכילו בשר בכור טהור ומשקה אותו יין רבעי טהור.",
28. Tosefta, Sotah, 15.8 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
29. Ignatius, To The Magnesians, 8.1, 9.1, 10.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 295
8.1. Be not seduced by strange doctrines nor by antiquated fables, which are profitless. For if even unto this day we live after the manner of Judaism, we avow that we have not received grace: 9.1. If then those who had walked in ancient practices attained unto newness of hope, no longer observing sabbaths but fashioning their lives after the Lord's day, on which our life also arose through Him and through His death which some men deny -- a mystery whereby we attained unto belief, and for this cause we endure patiently, that we may be found disciples of Jesus Christ our only teacher -- 10.3. It is monstrous to talk of Jesus Christ and to practise Judaism. For Christianity did not believe in Judaism, but Judaism in Christianity, wherein every tongue believed and was gathered together unto God.
30. Tosefta, Menachot, 13.18-13.21 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 518
31. Tosefta, Hulin, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 655
32. Anon., Sifre Deuteronomy, 444, 451 (2nd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
33. Babylonian Talmud, Sotah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
49b. אזלא ודלדלה ואין שואל ואין מבקש על מי יש להשען על אבינו שבשמים,בעקבות משיחא חוצפא יסגא ויוקר יאמיר הגפן תתן פריה והיין ביוקר ומלכות תהפך למינות ואין תוכחת בית וועד יהיה לזנות והגליל יחרב והגבלן ישום ואנשי הגבול יסובבו מעיר לעיר ולא יחוננו,וחכמות סופרים תסרח ויראי חטא ימאסו והאמת תהא נעדרת נערים פני זקנים ילבינו זקנים יעמדו מפני קטנים בן מנוול אב בת קמה באמה כלה בחמותה אויבי איש אנשי ביתו פני הדור כפני הכלב הבן אינו מתבייש מאביו ועל מה יש לנו להשען על אבינו שבשמים, big strong(גמ׳) /strong /big אמר רב לא שנו אלא של מלח וגפרית אבל של הדס ושל וורד מותר ושמואל אומר אף של הדס ושל וורד אסור של קנים ושל חילת מותר ולוי אמר אף של קנים ושל חילת אסור וכן תני לוי במתניתיה אף של קנים ושל חילת אסור,ועל האירוס מאי אירוס א"ר אלעזר טבלא דחד פומא רבה בר רב הונא עבד ליה לבריה טנבורא אתא אבוה תבריה אמר ליה מיחלף בטבלא דחד פומא זיל עביד ליה אפומא דחצבא או אפומא דקפיזא,בפולמוס של טיטוס גזרו על עטרות כלות וכו' מאי עטרות כלות אמר רבה בר בר חנה אמר ר' יוחנן עיר של זהב תניא נמי הכי איזהו עטרות כלות עיר של זהב אבל עושה אותה כיפה של מילת,תנא אף על חופת חתנים גזרו מאי חופת חתנים זהורית המוזהבות תניא נמי הכי אלו הן חופת חתנים זהורית המוזהבות אבל עושה פפירית ותולה בה כל מה שירצה,ושלא ילמד את בנו יוונית ת"ר כשצרו מלכי בית חשמונאי זה על זה היה הורקנוס מבחוץ ואריסטובלוס מבפנים בכל יום ויום היו משלשלין דינרים בקופה ומעלין להן תמידים,היה שם זקן אחד שהיה מכיר בחכמת יוונית לעז להם בחכמת יוונית אמר להן כל זמן שעוסקים בעבודה אין נמסרין בידכם למחר שלשלו להם דינרים בקופה והעלו להם חזיר כיון שהגיע לחצי חומה נעץ צפרניו נזדעזעה א"י ארבע מאות פרסה,אותה שעה אמרו ארור אדם שיגדל חזירים וארור אדם שילמד לבנו חכמת יוונית ועל אותה שנה שנינו מעשה ובא עומר מגגות צריפים ושתי הלחם מבקעת עין סוכר,איני והאמר רבי בא"י לשון סורסי למה אלא אי לשון הקודש אי לשון יוונית ואמר רב יוסף בבבל לשון ארמי למה אלא או לשון הקודש או לשון פרסי,לשון יוונית לחוד וחכמת יוונית לחוד,וחכמת יוונית מי אסירא והאמר רב יהודה אמר שמואל משום רשב"ג מאי דכתיב (איכה ג, נא) עיני עוללה לנפשי מכל בנות עירי אלף ילדים היו בבית אבא חמש מאות למדו תורה וחמש מאות למדו חכמת יוונית ולא נשתייר מהן אלא אני כאן ובן אחי אבא בעסיא,שאני של בית ר"ג דקרובין למלכות הוו דתניא מספר קומי הרי זה מדרכי האמורי אבטולוס בן ראובן התירו לספר קומי שהוא קרוב למלכות של בית רבן גמליאל התירו להן חכמה יוונית מפני שקרובין למלכות,בפולמוס האחרון גזרו שלא תצא כלה באפריון וכו' מ"ט משום צניעותא,משמת רבן יוחנן בטלה החכמה ת"ר משמת רבי אליעזר נגנז ס"ת משמת רבי יהושע בטלה עצה ומחשבה משמת ר"ע בטלו זרועי תורה ונסתתמו מעיינות החכמה,משמת רבי אלעזר בן עזריה בטלו עטרות חכמה (משלי יד, כד) שעטרת חכמים עשרם משמת רבי חנינא בן דוסא בטלו אנשי מעשה משמת אבא יוסי בן קטונתא בטלו חסידים ולמה נקרא שמו אבא יוסי בן קטונתא שהיה מקטני חסידים,משמת בן עזאי בטלו השקדנין משמת בן זומא בטלו הדרשנין משמת רשב"ג עלה גובאי ורבו צרות משמת רבי הוכפלו צרות,משמת רבי בטלה ענוה ויראת חטא אמר ליה רב יוסף לתנא לא תיתני ענוה דאיכא אנא אמר ליה רב נחמן לתנא לא תיתני יראת חטא דאיכא אנא, br br big strongהדרן עלך ערופה וסליקא לן מסכת סוטה /strong /big br br
34. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
11a. במזומנין לה מעשה ברבן גמליאל שאמר השכימו לי שבעה לעלייה השכים ומצא שמונה אמר מי הוא שעלה שלא ברשות ירד,עמד שמואל הקטן ואמר אני הוא שעליתי שלא ברשות ולא לעבר השנה עליתי אלא ללמוד הלכה למעשה הוצרכתי אמר לו שב בני שב ראויות כל השנים כולן להתעבר על ידך אלא אמרו חכמים אין מעברין את השנה אלא במזומנין לה ולא שמואל הקטן הוה אלא איניש אחרינא ומחמת כיסופא הוא דעבד,כי הא דיתיב רבי וקא דריש והריח ריח שום אמר מי שאכל שום יצא עמד רבי חייא ויצא עמדו כולן ויצאו בשחר מצאו רבי שמעון בר' לרבי חייא אמר ליה אתה הוא שציערת לאבא אמר לו לא תהא כזאת בישראל,ורבי חייא מהיכא גמיר לה מרבי מאיר דתניא מעשה באשה אחת שבאתה לבית מדרשו של ר"מ אמרה לו רבי אחד מכם קדשני בביאה עמד רבי מאיר וכתב לה גט כריתות ונתן לה עמדו כתבו כולם ונתנו לה,ור"מ מהיכא גמיר לה משמואל הקטן ושמואל הקטן מהיכא גמיר לה משכניה בן יחיאל דכתיב (עזרא י, ב) ויען שכניה בן יחיאל מבני עילם ויאמר לעזרא אנחנו מעלנו באלהינו ונושב נשים נכריות מעמי הארץ ועתה יש מקוה לישראל על זאת,ושכניה בן יחיאל מהיכא גמר לה מיהושע דכתיב (יהושע ז, י) ויאמר ה' אל יהושע קום לך למה זה אתה נופל על פניך חטא ישראל אמר לפניו רבש"ע מי חטא אמר לו וכי דילטור אני לך הטל גורלות ואיבעית אימא ממשה דכתיב (שמות טז, כח) עד אנה מאנתם,ת"ר משמתו נביאים האחרונים חגי זכריה ומלאכי נסתלקה רוח הקודש מישראל ואף על פי כן היו משתמשין בבת קול פעם אחת היו מסובין בעליית בית גוריה ביריחו ונתנה עליהם בת קול מן השמים יש כאן אחד שראוי שתשרה עליו שכינה (כמשה רבינו) אלא שאין דורו זכאי לכך נתנו חכמים את עיניהם בהלל הזקן וכשמת אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא,שוב פעם אחת היו מסובין בעליה ביבנה ונתנה עליהם בת קול מן השמים יש כאן אחד שראוי שתשרה עליו שכינה אלא שאין דורו זכאי לכך נתנו חכמים את עיניהם בשמואל הקטן וכשמת אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של הלל אף הוא אמר בשעת מיתתו שמעון וישמעאל לחרבא וחברוהי לקטלא ושאר עמא לביזא ועקן סגיאן עתידן למיתי על עלמא,ועל יהודה בן בבא בקשו לומר כן אלא שנטרפה שעה שאין מספידין על הרוגי מלכות,ת"ר אין מעברין את השנה אלא אם כן ירצה נשיא ומעשה ברבן גמליאל שהלך ליטול רשות אצל שלטון אחד שבסוריא ושהה לבא ועיברו את השנה על מנת שירצה רבן גמליאל וכשבא ר"ג ואמר רוצה אני נמצאת שנה מעוברת,תנו רבנן אין מעברין את השנה אלא אם כן היתה צריכה מפני הדרכים ומפני הגשרים ומפני תנורי פסחים ומפני גליות ישראל שנעקרו ממקומן ועדיין לא הגיעו אבל לא מפני השלג ולא מפני הצינה ולא מפני גליות ישראל שלא עקרו ממקומן,ת"ר אין מעברין את השנה לא מפני הגדיים ולא מפני הטלאים ולא מפני הגוזלות שלא פירחו אבל עושין אותן סעד לשנה כיצד רבי ינאי אומר משום רבן שמעון בן גמליאל מהודעין אנחנא לכון דגוזליא רכיכין ואימריא דערקין וזימנא דאביבא לא מטא ושפרת מילתא באנפאי ואוסיפית על שתא דא תלתין יומין,מיתיבי כמה עיבור השנה שלשים יום רבן שמעון בן גמליאל אומר חדש אמר רב פפא רצו חדש רצו שלשים יום,תא חזי מאי איכא בין 11a. b by /b those b who were invited /b by the i Nasi /i , the president of the Great Sanhedrin, b for that /b purpose. There was b an incident involving Rabban Gamliel, who said /b to the Sages: b Bring me seven /b of the Sages b early /b tomorrow morning b to the loft /b designated for convening a court to intercalate the year. He b went /b to the loft b early /b the next morning b and found eight /b Sages there. Rabban Gamliel b said: Who is it who ascended /b to the loft b without permission? He must descend /b immediately., b Shmuel HaKatan stood /b up b and said: I am he who ascended without permission; and I did not ascend to /b participate and be one of those to b intercalate the year, but /b rather b I needed /b to observe in order b to learn the practical i halakha /i . /b Rabban Gamliel b said to him: Sit, my son, sit. It would be fitting for all of the years to be intercalated by you, /b as you are truly worthy. b But the Sages said: The year /b may be b intercalated only by /b those b who were invited for that /b purpose. The Gemara notes: b And it was not /b actually b Shmuel HaKatan /b who had come uninvited, b but another person. And due to the embarrassment /b of the other, Shmuel HaKatan b did /b this, so that no one would know who had come uninvited.,The Gemara relates that the story about Shmuel HaKatan is b similar /b to an incident that occurred b when Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi was b sitting and teaching, and /b he b smelled the odor of garlic. /b Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi was very sensitive and could not tolerate this odor. He b said: Whoever ate garlic /b should b leave. Rabbi Ḥiyya stood up and left. /b Out of respect for Rabbi Ḥiyya, b all of those /b in attendance b stood up and left. /b The next day, b in the morning, Rabbi Shimon, son of Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi, b found Rabbi Ḥiyya, /b and he b said to him: /b Are b you the one who disturbed my father /b by coming to the lecture with the foul smell of garlic? Rabbi Ḥiyya b said to him: There should not be such /b behavior b among the Jewish people. /b I would not do such a thing, but I assumed the blame and left so that the one who did so would not be embarrassed., b And from where did Rabbi Ḥiyya learn that /b characteristic of being willing to implicate himself in order to save someone else from being embarrassed? He learned it b from Rabbi Meir, as it is taught /b in a i baraita /i : There was b an incident involving /b a certain b woman who came to the study hall of Rabbi Meir. She said to him: My teacher, one of you, /b i.e., one of the men studying in this study hall, b betrothed me through intercourse. /b The woman came to Rabbi Meir to appeal for help in identifying the man, so that he would either marry her or grant her a divorce. As he himself was also among those who studied in the study hall, b Rabbi Meir arose and wrote her a bill of divorce, and /b he b gave it to her. /b Following his example, b all those /b in the study hall b arose /b and b wrote /b bills of divorce b and gave /b them b to her. /b In this manner, the right man also gave her a divorce, freeing her to marry someone else., b And from where did Rabbi Meir learn that /b characteristic? b From Shmuel HaKatan, /b in the incident outlined above. b And from where did Shmuel HaKatan learn it? From Shecaniah ben Jehiel, as it is written: “And Shecaniah, the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said to Ezra: We have broken faith with our God, and have married foreign women of the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope for Israel concerning this” /b (Ezra 10:2). And although he confessed, Shecaniah is not listed among those who took foreign wives (Ezra 10:18–44). Evidently, he confessed only to spare the others from public embarrassment.,The Gemara continues: b And from where did Shecaniah ben Jehiel learn it? From /b an incident involving b Joshua, as it is written: “And the Lord said to Joshua: Get yourself up; why do you fall upon your face? Israel has sinned” /b (Joshua 7:10–11). Joshua b said before Him: Master of the Universe, who sinned? /b God b said to him: And am I your informer? /b Rather, b cast lots /b to determine who is guilty. In this way, God did not directly disclose the identity of the sinner to Joshua. b And if you wish, say /b instead that Shecaniah ben Jehiel learned this b from /b an incident involving b Moses, as it is written: /b “And the Lord said to Moses: b How long do you refuse /b to keep My mitzvot and My laws?” (Exodus 16:28). Although only a small number of people attempted to collect the manna on Shabbat, God spoke as though the entire nation were guilty, so as not to directly expose the guilty.,§ Since Shmuel HaKatan and his great piety were mentioned, the Gemara now relates several incidents that shed additional light on his personality. b The Sages taught: After the last of the prophets, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, died, the Divine Spirit /b of prophetic revelation b departed from the Jewish people. But nevertheless, they were /b still b utilizing a Divine Voice, /b which they heard as a kind of echo of prophecy. b One time, /b a group of Sages b were reclining in the loft of the house of Gurya in Jericho, and a Divine Voice was bestowed upon them from Heaven, /b saying: b There is one here who is fit for the Divine Presence to rest upon him as /b it rested upon b Moses our teacher, but his generation is not deserving of this /b distinction. b The Sages set their eyes upon Hillel the Elder, /b trusting that he was the one indicated by the Divine Voice. b And when he died, /b the Sages b said about him: Alas, /b the b pious /b man, b alas, /b the b humble /b man, b a disciple of Ezra. /b ,The i baraita /i continues: b Another time, /b a group of Sages b were reclining in the loft in Yavne, and a Divine Voice was bestowed upon them from Heaven, /b saying: b There is one here who is fit for the Divine Presence to rest upon him /b in prophecy, b but his generation is not deserving of this /b distinction. b The Sages set their eyes upon Shmuel HaKatan. And when /b he b died, /b the Sages b said about him: Alas, /b the b pious /b man, b alas, /b the b humble /b man, b a disciple of Hillel. Additionally, he said at the time of his death, /b under the influence of the Divine Spirit: Rabban b Shimon /b ben Gamliel, the i Nasi /i of the Great Sanhedrin, b and /b Rabbi b Yishmael, /b the High Priest, will die b by the sword, and their friends /b will die b by /b other b executions, and the rest of the nation /b will be b despoiled, and great troubles will ultimately come upon the world. /b , b And /b they also b wished to say thus: /b Alas, the pious man, alas, the humble man, b about Yehuda ben Bava, /b in their eulogy for him, b but the hour was torn, /b i.e., the opportunity was lost, b as /b one b does not eulogize those executed by the government. /b As will be explained (14a), Yehuda ben Bava was executed by the government.,§ The Gemara returns to the discussion about intercalation of the year. b The Sages taught: The year /b may be b intercalated only if the i Nasi /i /b of the Sanhedrin b wants /b to intercalate it. b And /b there was once b an incident involving Rabban Gamliel, who went to ask permission /b for some communal matter b from an officer [ i hegmon /i ] in Syria, and /b he b tarried in returning /b until after it was too late to intercalate the year. b And /b because they did not know what his opinion on the matter was, they b intercalated the year on the condition that Rabban Gamliel would want /b to do so. b And when Rabban Gamliel came /b back b and said: I want /b to intercalate the year, b the year was found /b to be retroactively b intercalated. /b , b The Sages taught: The year /b may be b intercalated only if it is necessary due to /b damage to b the roads, /b if the rain has damaged them in such a way that they are inaccessible for those ascending to Jerusalem for Passover; b or due to the bridges /b that are likewise in disrepair; b or due to the ovens /b for the b Paschal offerings /b that are damaged and unfit for roasting the offerings; b or due to the Diaspora Jews who have left their homes and still have not arrived /b due to delays in travel. b But /b the year may b not /b be intercalated b due to the snow, and not due to the cold, and not due to the Diaspora Jews who have not /b yet b left from their homes, /b even if they no longer have enough time to reach Jerusalem for the Festival., b The Sages taught: The year may not /b be b intercalated due to the young goats and not due to the lambs, /b to allow them to grow larger before they are to be sacrificed as Paschal offerings; b and not due to the fledgling /b doves b who have not /b yet developed sufficiently to b fly, /b so that there won’t be enough of them to supply all those who wish to bring bird offerings at the Festival. b But /b all b these /b considerations may be b made supporting /b factors in the decision b to /b intercalate b the year. /b The Gemara asks: b How /b so? b Rabbi Yannai says in the name of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, /b i.e., this is the language Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel used in his declaration of the intercalation: b We are notifying you that the fledglings are tender, and that the lambs are thin [ i de’arkin /i ], and time for the spring has not /b yet b arrived. And /b consequently, b the matter is good in my eyes, and I have /b therefore b added thirty days onto this year. /b ,The Gemara b raises an objection /b to the report that Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel holds the intercalated month is thirty days long. It is taught in a i baraita /i : b How long is /b the additional month in b an intercalated /b leap b year? /b The Rabbis say: b Thirty days. Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel says: /b A standard b month, /b which is twenty-nine days long. What, then, does Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel hold? b Rav Pappa said: /b Rabban Gamliel holds that if the court b wants, /b it may add a standard b month, /b and if it b wants, /b it may add a month of b thirty days. /b ,Concerning the declaration of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, the Gemara observes: b Come /b and b see what /b difference b there is between /b
35. Babylonian Talmud, Megillah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 274, 275
17b. (דברים ו, ו) והיו בהויתן יהו ורבנן מ"ט אמר קרא (דברים ו, ד) שמע בכל לשון שאתה שומע,ורבי נמי הא כתיב שמע ההוא מיבעי ליה השמע לאזניך מה שאתה מוציא מפיך ורבנן סברי כמאן דאמר הקורא את שמע ולא השמיע לאזנו יצא,ורבנן נמי הכתיב והיו ההוא מיבעי ליה שלא יקרא למפרע ורבי שלא יקרא למפרע מנא ליה מדברים הדברים ורבנן דברים הדברים לא משמע להו,לימא קסבר רבי כל התורה כולה בכל לשון נאמרה דאי סלקא דעתך בלשון הקודש נאמרה למה לי למכתב והיו,אצטריך סלקא דעתך שמע כרבנן כתב רחמנא והיו,לימא קסברי רבנן כל התורה בלשון הקודש נאמרה דאי סלקא דעתך בכל לשון נאמרה למה לי למכתב שמע,איצטריך סלקא דעתך אמינא והיו כרבי כתב רחמנא שמע,תפלה מנא לן דתניא שמעון הפקולי הסדיר שמונה עשרה ברכות לפני רבן גמליאל על הסדר ביבנה אמר רבי יוחנן ואמרי לה במתניתא תנא מאה ועשרים זקנים ובהם כמה נביאים תיקנו שמונה עשרה ברכות על הסדר,ת"ר מנין שאומרים אבות שנאמר (תהלים כט, א) הבו לה' בני אלים ומנין שאומרים גבורות שנאמר (תהלים כט, א) הבו לה' כבוד ועוז ומנין שאומרים קדושות שנאמר (תהלים כט, ב) הבו לה' כבוד שמו השתחוו לה' בהדרת קדש,ומה ראו לומר בינה אחר קדושה שנאמר (ישעיהו כט, כג) והקדישו את קדוש יעקב ואת אלהי ישראל יעריצו וסמיך ליה וידעו תועי רוח בינה ומה ראו לומר תשובה אחר בינה דכתיב (ישעיהו ו, י) ולבבו יבין ושב ורפא לו,אי הכי לימא רפואה בתרה דתשובה לא ס"ד דכתיב (ישעיהו נה, ז) וישוב אל ה' וירחמהו ואל אלהינו כי ירבה לסלוח,ומאי חזית דסמכת אהא סמוך אהא כתב קרא אחרינא (תהלים קג, ג) הסולח לכל עוניכי הרופא לכל תחלואיכי הגואל משחת חייכי למימרא דגאולה ורפואה בתר סליחה היא והכתיב ושב ורפא לו ההוא לאו רפואה דתחלואים היא אלא רפואה דסליחה היא,ומה ראו לומר גאולה בשביעית אמר רבא מתוך שעתידין ליגאל בשביעית לפיכך קבעוה בשביעית והאמר מר בששית קולות בשביעית מלחמות במוצאי שביעית בן דוד בא מלחמה נמי אתחלתא דגאולה היא,ומה ראו לומר רפואה בשמינית אמר רבי אחא מתוך שנתנה מילה בשמינית שצריכה רפואה לפיכך קבעוה בשמינית,ומה ראו לומר ברכת השנים בתשיעית אמר רבי אלכסנדרי כנגד מפקיעי שערים דכתיב (תהלים י, טו) שבור זרוע רשע ודוד כי אמרה בתשיעית אמרה,ומה ראו לומר קיבוץ גליות לאחר ברכת השנים דכתיב (יחזקאל לו, ח) ואתם הרי ישראל ענפכם תתנו ופריכם תשאו לעמי ישראל כי קרבו לבוא וכיון שנתקבצו גליות נעשה דין ברשעים שנאמר (ישעיהו א, כה) ואשיבה ידי עליך ואצרוף כבור סיגיך וכתיב (ישעיהו א, כו) ואשיבה שופטיך כבראשונה,וכיון שנעשה דין מן הרשעים כלו הפושעים וכולל זדים עמהם שנאמר (ישעיהו א, כח) ושבר פושעים וחטאים יחדיו (יכלו),וכיון שכלו הפושעים מתרוממת קרן צדיקים דכתיב (תהלים עה, יא) וכל קרני רשעים אגדע תרוממנה קרנות צדיק וכולל גירי הצדק עם הצדיקים שנאמר (ויקרא יט, לב) מפני שיבה תקום והדרת פני זקן וסמיך ליה וכי יגור אתכם גר,והיכן מתרוממת קרנם בירושלים שנאמר (תהלים קכב, ו) שאלו שלום ירושלם ישליו אוהביך,וכיון שנבנית ירושלים בא דוד שנאמר 17b. b “And /b these words… b shall be” /b (Deuteronomy 6:6), teaching that these words, the words of the i Shema /i , always b “shall be” as they are, /b i.e., in the Hebrew language. The Gemara asks: b And /b as for b the Sages, what is the reason /b for their opinion? b The verse states: “Hear, /b O Israel” (Deuteronomy 6:4), which could also be translated, “Understand, O Israel,” indicating that you may recite these words b in any language that you hear, /b i.e., understand.,The Gemara asks: b And /b according to b Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi b as well, isn’t it /b indeed b written, “hear”? /b What does he learn from this word, if not that the i Shema /i may be recited in any language? The Gemara answers: b This /b word b is necessary /b to teach something else: b Make heard to your ears what your mouth is saying, /b i.e., the i Shema /i must be recited audibly, not merely thought in one’s heart. The Gemara asks: b And /b how do b the Sages /b know this? The Gemara explains: They b hold like the one who said /b that if b one recites the i Shema /i but does not make it audible to his ears, he has /b nevertheless b fulfilled /b his obligation.,The Gemara asks: b And /b according to b the Sages as well, isn’t it /b indeed b written, “And /b these words b shall be”? /b What do they learn from this, if not that the i Shema /i must be recited in Hebrew? The Gemara answers: b That /b word b is necessary /b to teach b that one must not recite /b the words of the i Shema /i b out of order, /b but they “shall be” as they are, in the proper order. The Gemara asks: b And from where does Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi learn b that one must not recite /b the i Shema /i b out of order? /b The Gemara answers: He derives it from the fact that the verse does not say just: b Words, /b but b “the words,” /b referring to specific words, which teaches that they must be recited in their proper order without any variation. The Gemara asks: b And /b what do b the Sages /b learn from the phrase “the words”? The difference between b words /b and b “the words” is inconsequential according to them. /b ,The Gemara analyzes the dispute: b Shall we say that Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi b maintains /b that b the entire Torah may be recited in any language? As, if it enters your mind /b to say that the entire Torah b may be recited only in the sacred tongue, /b Hebrew, and not in any other language, b why do I /b need the Torah b to write “and /b these words b shall be” /b with respect to the i Shema /i ? Why would I think that the i Shema /i is different from the rest of the Torah?,The Gemara rejects this argument: There is no proof from here, as even if the Torah must generally be recited in Hebrew b it is /b nevertheless b necessary /b to specify the matter here, since without such specification b it might have entered your mind /b to say that in this context b “hear” /b means understand, b as /b maintained by b the Sages, /b and that the i Shema /i may be recited in any language. Therefore b the Merciful One writes /b in the Torah, b “and /b these words b shall be,” /b to teach us that the i Shema /i may be recited only in the original Hebrew.,The Gemara suggests: b Shall we say /b then b that the Sages maintain /b that b the entire Torah must be recited /b specifically b in the sacred tongue, /b Hebrew? b As, if it enters your mind /b to say that the entire Torah b may be recited in any language, why do I /b need the Torah b to write “hear” /b with respect to the i Shema /i ? Why would one think that the i Shema /i is different from the rest of the Torah?,The Gemara rejects this argument: Even if the Torah may generally be recited in any language, b it was /b nevertheless b necessary /b to specify the matter here. Without such specification b it could enter your mind to say /b that the words b “and /b these words b shall be” /b teach that the i Shema /i may be recited only in Hebrew, b as /b asserted by b Rabbi /b Yehuda HaNasi. Therefore b the Merciful One writes /b the word b “hear” /b in the Torah, to teach us that the i Shema /i may be recited in any language.,§ The i baraita /i cited previously taught that the i halakha /i against reciting a text out of order applies to the i Amida /i b prayer /b as well. The Gemara asks: b From where do we /b derive this? b As it is taught /b in a i baraita /i : b Shimon HaPakuli arranged the eighteen blessings /b of the i Amida /i prayer b before Rabban Gamliel in their /b fixed b order in Yavne, /b which indicates that there is a specific order to these blessings that must not be changed. b Rabbi Yoḥa said, and some say that it was taught in a i baraita /i : A hundred and twenty Elders, /b i.e., the Men of the Great Assembly, and b among them several prophets, established /b the b eighteen blessings /b of the i Amida /i b in their /b fixed b order, /b which also shows that the order of these blessings may not be changed.,The Gemara proceeds to explain this order: b The Sages taught /b in a i baraita /i : b From where /b is it derived b that one says /b the blessing of b the Patriarchs, /b the first blessing of the i Amida /i ? b As it is stated: “Ascribe to the Lord, mighty ones” /b (Psalms 29:1), which means that one should mention before the Lord the mighty ones of the world, i.e., the Patriarchs. b And from where /b is it derived b that one /b then b says /b the blessing of b mighty deeds? As it is stated /b in the continuation of that verse: b “Ascribe to the Lord glory and strength” /b (Psalms 29:1). b And from where /b is it derived b that one /b then b says /b the blessing of b holiness? As it is stated /b in the next verse: b “Give to the Lord the glory due to His name; worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness” /b (Psalms 29:2).,The Gemara continues: b And why did they see /b fit to institute b to say /b the blessing of b understanding after /b the blessing of b holiness? As it is stated: “They shall sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall revere the God of Israel” /b (Isaiah 29:23), and adjacent to that verse it is written: b “They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding” /b (Isaiah 29:24). This shows that it is proper for the theme of understanding to follow the theme of God’s holiness. b And why did they see /b fit to institute b to say /b the blessing of b repentance after /b the blessing of b understanding? As it is written: “And they will understand with their heart, repent, and be healed” /b (Isaiah 6:10-11), showing that the theme of repentance properly follows the theme of understanding.,The Gemara asks: b If so, /b that the sequence of blessings is based on this verse, b let /b us b say /b that b the /b blessing of b healing should be said after /b the blessing of b repentance. /b Why, then, is the next blessing in the i Amida /i the blessing of forgiveness and not the blessing of healing? The Gemara explains: b This cannot enter your mind, as it is written: “And let him return to the Lord, and He will have compassion upon him; and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon” /b (Isaiah 55:7), which shows that the theme of repentance should be followed by that of forgiveness.,The Gemara poses a question: b But what did you see to rely on this /b verse? b Rely on the other /b verse, which juxtaposes repentance to healing. The Gemara answers: b Another verse, /b in which it is b written: “Who forgives all your iniquities, Who heals all your diseases, Who redeems your life from the pit” /b (Psalms 103:3–4), proves that the theme of healing should follow that of forgiveness. The Gemara asks: b Is that /b verse coming b to say that /b the blessings of b redemption and healing /b should be placed following the blessing of b forgiveness? But isn’t it written: “Repent, and be healed” /b (Isaiah 6:10), which suggests that repentance should be followed by healing? The Gemara answers: b That /b verse is referring b not /b to b the /b literal b healing from illness, but rather /b to b the /b figurative b healing of forgiveness, /b and therefore this verse too supports the sequence of forgiveness following repentance.,The Gemara continues: b And why did they see /b fit to institute b to say /b the blessing of b redemption as the seventh /b blessing? b Rava said: Since /b there is a tradition that the Jewish people are b destined to be redeemed in the seventh /b year of the Sabbatical cycle, b consequently, they fixed /b redemption b as the seventh /b blessing. b But didn’t the Master say /b in a i baraita /i : b In the sixth /b year of the Sabbatical cycle in the days of the arrival of the Messiah, heavenly b sounds /b will be heard; b in the seventh /b year there will be b wars; and upon the conclusion of the seventh /b year, in the eighth year, b the son of David, /b the Messiah, b will come? /b The redemption will take place not during the seventh year but after it. The Gemara answers: Nevertheless, the b war /b that takes place during the seventh year b is also the beginning of the redemption /b process, and it is therefore correct to say that Israel will be redeemed in the seventh year.,The Gemara continues: b And why did they see /b fit to institute that one b says /b the blessing of b healing as the eighth /b blessing? b Rabbi Aḥa said: Since circumcision was assigned to the eighth /b day of life, and circumcision b requires healing, consequently, they established /b healing b as the eighth /b blessing., b And why did they see /b fit to institute that one b says the blessing of /b bountiful b years as the ninth /b blessing? b Rabbi Alexandri said: /b This blessing was instituted b in reference to those who raise the prices /b of food. We pray for rain so that the price of produce will not rise as a result of shortages, b as it is written: “Break the arm of the wicked” /b (Psalms 10:15), referring to the wicked, who practice deception and extort the poor. b And when David expressed this /b request, b he expressed it in the ninth /b psalm. Although today it is considered the tenth psalm, the first and second psalms are actually counted as one, and therefore this is the ninth psalm. Therefore, the blessing of the years was fixed as the ninth blessing.,The Gemara asks: b And why did they see /b fit to institute that one b says /b the blessing of b the ingathering of /b the b exiles after the blessing of the years? As it is written: “And you, O mountains of Israel, you shall shoot forth your branches, and yield your fruit to My people Israel; for they will soon be coming” /b (Ezekiel 36:8), which indicates that the ingathering of the exiles will follow after Eretz Yisrael is blessed with bountiful produce. b And once the exiles have been gathered, judgment will be meted out to the wicked, as it is stated: “And I will turn my hand against you and purge away your dross as with lye” /b (Isaiah 1:25), b and /b immediately after b it is written: “And I will restore your judges as at first” /b (Isaiah 1:26). For this reason the blessing of the restoration of judges comes after the blessing of the ingathering of the exiles., b And once judgment is meted out to the wicked, the transgressors, /b i.e., the heretics and sectarians, b will cease to be. /b Consequently, the next blessing is that of the heretics, b and one includes evildoers with them, as it is stated: “And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, /b and they that forsake the Lord b shall cease to be” /b (Isaiah 1:28). The “transgressors and sinners” are the evildoers, and “they that forsake the Lord” are the heretics., b And once the heretics cease to be, the horn, /b i.e., the glory, b of the righteous will be exalted, as it is written: “All the horns of the wicked will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted” /b (Psalms 75:11). Therefore, after the blessing of the heretics, one says the blessing about the righteous. b And he includes the righteous converts along with the righteous, as it is stated: “You shall rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the elder” /b (Leviticus 19:32), b and adjacent to this /b it is stated: b “And if a stranger sojourns with you” /b (Leviticus 19:33). An “elder” is one with Torah wisdom and a “stranger” is one who has converted to Judaism., b And where will the horns /b of the righteous b be exalted? In Jerusalem, as it is stated: “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem; they who love you shall prosper” /b (Psalms 122:6). “They who love you” are the righteous. Therefore, the blessing of the rebuilding of Jerusalem is placed after the blessing of the righteous., b And once Jerusalem is rebuilt, /b the Messiah, scion of the house of b David, will come, as it is stated: /b
36. Babylonian Talmud, Berachot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 275
29b. הא דאדכר בתר שומע תפלה:,אמר רבי תנחום אמר רב אסי אמר ר' יהושע בן לוי טעה ולא הזכיר של ר"ח בעבודה חוזר לעבודה נזכר בהודאה חוזר לעבודה בשים שלום חוזר לעבודה ואם סיים חוזר לראש,אמר רב פפא בריה דרב אחא בר אדא הא דאמרן סיים חוזר לראש לא אמרן אלא שעקר רגליו אבל לא עקר רגליו חוזר לעבודה,א"ל מנא לך הא א"ל מאבא מרי שמיע לי ואבא מרי מרב.,אמר רב נחמן בר יצחק הא דאמרן עקר רגליו חוזר לראש לא אמרן אלא שאינו רגיל לומר תחנונים אחר תפלתו אבל רגיל לומר תחנונים אחר תפלתו חוזר לעבודה,איכא דאמרי אמר רב נחמן בר יצחק הא דאמרן כי לא עקר רגליו חוזר לעבודה לא אמרן אלא שרגיל לומר תחנונים אחר תפלתו אבל אם אינו רגיל לומר תחנונים אחר תפלתו חוזר לראש:,ר' אליעזר אומר העושה תפלתו קבע וכו': מאי קבע א"ר יעקב בר אידי אמר רבי אושעיא כל שתפלתו דומה עליו כמשוי ורבנן אמרי כל מי שאינו אומרה בלשון תחנונים רבה ורב יוסף דאמרי תרוייהו כל שאינו יכול לחדש בה דבר,א"ר זירא אנא יכילנא לחדושי בה מילתא ומסתפינא דלמא מטרידנא,אביי בר אבין ור' חנינא בר אבין דאמרי תרוייהו כל שאין מתפלל עם דמדומי חמה דא"ר חייא בר אבא א"ר יוחנן מצוה להתפלל עם דמדומי חמה וא"ר זירא מאי קראה (תהלים עב, ה) ייראוך עם שמש ולפני ירח דור דורים לייטי עלה במערבא אמאן דמצלי עם דמדומי חמה מאי טעמא דלמא מיטרפא ליה שעתא:,רבי יהושע אומר המהלך במקום סכנה מתפלל תפלה קצרה וכו' בכל פרשת העבור: מאי פרשת העבור אמר רב חסדא אמר מר עוקבא אפי' בשעה שאתה מתמלא עליהם עברה כאשה עוברה יהיו כל צרכיהם לפניך איכא דאמרי אמר רב חסדא אמר מר עוקבא אפילו בשעה שהם עוברים על דברי תורה יהיו כל צרכיהם לפניך,ת"ר המהלך במקום גדודי חיה ולסטים מתפלל תפלה קצרה ואיזה היא תפלה קצרה ר' אליעזר אומר עשה רצונך בשמים ממעל ותן נחת רוח ליראיך מתחת והטוב בעיניך עשה בא"י שומע תפלה,ר' יהושע אומר שמע שועת עמך ישראל ועשה מהרה בקשתם בא"י שומע תפלה,רבי אלעזר ברבי צדוק אומר שמע צעקת עמך ישראל ועשה מהרה בקשתם בא"י שומע תפלה,אחרים אומרים צרכי עמך ישראל מרובין ודעתם קצרה יהי רצון מלפניך ה' אלהינו שתתן לכל אחד ואחד כדי פרנסתו ולכל גויה וגויה די מחסורה ברוך אתה ה' שומע תפלה,אמר רב הונא הלכה כאחרים,אמר ליה אליהו לרב יהודה אחוה דרב סלא חסידא לא תרתח ולא תחטי לא תרוי ולא תחטי וכשאתה יוצא לדרך המלך בקונך וצא מאי המלך בקונך וצא אמר רבי יעקב אמר רב חסדא זו תפלת הדרך ואמר רבי יעקב אמר רב חסדא כל היוצא לדרך צריך להתפלל תפלת הדרך,מאי תפלת הדרך יהי רצון מלפניך ה' אלהי שתוליכני לשלום ותצעידני לשלום ותסמכני לשלום ותצילני מכף כל אויב ואורב בדרך ותשלח ברכה במעשי ידי ותתנני לחן לחסד ולרחמים בעיניך ובעיני כל רואי בא"י שומע תפלה,אמר אביי לעולם 29b. b This /b case, where we require him to return to the beginning of the prayer and repeat it, refers to a situation where b he recalls his error after /b he reaches the blessing: b Who listens to prayer, /b in which case the option of asking for rain in that blessing no longer exists and he must return to the beginning of the prayer.,On a similar note, the Gemara cites an additional statement of Rabbi Tanḥum. b Rabbi Tanḥum said /b that b Rav Asi said /b that b Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: One who erred and did not mention the New Moon, /b the addition: May there rise and come [ i ya’aleh veyavo /i ] b in the /b blessing of Temple b service, /b the seventeenth blessing in the i Amida /i prayer, b he returns to the /b blessing of Temple b service. /b So too, if he b remembers during /b the blessing of b thanksgiving, he returns to the /b blessing of Temple b service. /b If he remembers in the blessing: b Grant peace, he returns to the /b blessing of Temple b service. If /b he remembers after he b completed /b the i Amida /i prayer, b he returns to the beginning /b of the prayer., b Rav Pappa son of Rav Aḥa bar Adda said: That which we said /b that if he already b finished /b the i Amida /i prayer b he returns to the beginning, we only said /b that in a case b where he /b already b moved his feet /b from where he stood in prayer. b However, /b if he b did not /b yet b move his feet, he /b need only b return to the /b blessing of Temple b service, /b and include the addition for the New Moon therein., b He said to him: From where do you /b derive b this /b i halakha /i ? b He said to him: My father my teacher told /b it to b me and my father my teacher /b heard it b from Rav. /b ,On a similar note, b Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak said: That which we said /b that if he already b moved his feet he returns to the beginning, we only said /b that in a case b where he is unaccustomed to reciting /b additional b supplications after his prayer. However, /b if b he is accustomed to reciting supplications after his prayer, /b and while reciting them he remembers that he omitted mention of the New Moon from his prayer, b he /b need only b return to the /b blessing of Temple b service, /b and he includes the addition for the New Moon therein., b Some say, Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak said: That which we said /b that if he b did not /b yet b move his feet, he /b need only b return to the /b blessing of Temple b service, we only said /b that in a case b where he is accustomed to reciting /b additional b supplications after his prayer. However, /b if b he is unaccustomed to reciting supplications after his prayer, he must return to the beginning of the prayer, /b as it is considered as if he already completed it.,We learned in the mishna that b Rabbi Eliezer says: One whose prayer is fixed, his prayer is not supplication. /b The Gemara asks: b What is /b the meaning of b fixed /b in this context? b Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi said /b that b Rabbi Oshaya said: /b It means b anyone for whom his prayer is like a burden upon him, /b from which he seeks to be quickly unburdened. b The Rabbis say: /b This refers to b anyone who does not recite /b prayer b in the language of supplication, /b but as a standardized recitation without emotion. b Rabba and Rav Yosef both said: /b It refers to b anyone unable to introduce /b a novel b element, /b i.e., something personal reflecting his personal needs, to his prayer, and only recites the standard formula., b Rabbi Zeira said: I could introduce /b a novel b element /b in every prayer, but b I am afraid that perhaps I will /b become b confused. /b Consequently, there is no room to require the masses to introduce a novel element into their prayers.,The brothers, b Abaye bar Avin and Rabbi Ḥanina bar Avin, both said: /b One whose prayer is fixed refers to b anyone who does not /b make the effort to b pray with the reddening of the sun, /b just after sunrise and just before sunset, which are auspicious times for prayer. As b Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba said /b that b Rabbi Yoḥa said: It is a mitzva to pray with the reddening of the sun. And Rabbi Zeira said: What is the verse /b that alludes to this? b “Let them fear You with the sun and before the moon, generation after generation” /b (Psalms 72:5). Prayer, the manifestation of the fear of God, should be undertaken adjacent to sunrise and sunset. Nevertheless, b in the West, /b Eretz Yisrael, b they cursed one who prays with the reddening of the sun /b , adjacent to sunset. b What is the reason? Perhaps, /b due to preoccupation, he will become b confused about the hour /b and the time for prayer will pass.,We learned in the mishna that b Rabbi Yehoshua says: One who is walking in a place of danger, recites a brief prayer…at i parashat ha’ibur /i . /b The Gemara asks: b What is /b the meaning of b i parashat ha’ibur /i ? Rav Ḥisda said /b that b Mar Ukva said: /b This can be interpreted in a manner underscoring two connotations of the term i ibur /i : b Even at a time when You are as filled with anger [ i evra /i ], towards them, as a pregt woman [ i ubara /i ], may all of their needs be before You. Some say /b a different version of what b Rav Ḥisda said /b that b Mar Ukva said: Even when they violate [ i ovrim /i ] the commandments of the Torah, may all of their needs be before You. /b ,One formula for the prayer recited in places of danger is cited in the mishna. Additional formulas are cited in the i Tosefta /i . b The Sages taught: One who walks in a place where there are groups of wild beasts and robbers recites an abbreviated prayer. Which is an abbreviated prayer? Rabbi Eliezer says, “Carry out Your will in the heavens above, and give peace of mind to those who fear You below, and perform that which is good in Your eyes. Blessed are You, Lord, Who listens to prayer.” /b , b Rabbi Yehoshua says /b that he recites: b Hear the cry of Your nation, Israel, and quickly fulfill their request. Blessed are You, Lord, Who listens to prayer. /b , b Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Tzadok says /b that he recites: b Hear the shout of Your nation, Israel, and quickly fulfill their request. Blessed are You, Lord, Who listens to prayer. /b , b i Aḥerim /i say /b that he recites: b The needs of Your nation, Israel, are many and their intelligence is limited, /b and, consequently, they are unable to effectively articulate their thoughts in prayer (Maharsha). So b may it be Your will, Lord our God, to provide each and every one with his necessary sustece, and to each and every body all that it lacks. Blessed are You, Lord, Who listens to prayer. /b , b Rav Huna said: The i halakha /i /b with regard to the version of the prayer recited in a place of danger b is in accordance with /b the opinion of b i Aḥerim /i . /b ,On the topic of prayers recited while traveling and in times of danger, the Gemara discusses the traveler’s prayer. When he appeared to him, b Elijah /b the Prophet b said to Rav Yehuda brother of Rav Sala Ḥasida: Do not get angry and you will not sin. Do not get drunk and you will not sin. And when you set out on a journey, consult with your Creator, and /b then b set out. The Gemara asks: b What /b is the meaning of: b Consult with your Creator, and /b then b set out? /b Rabbi Ya’akov said /b that b Rav Ḥisda said: That is the traveler’s prayer. And Rabbi Ya’akov said /b that b Rav Ḥisda said: /b It is not only good advice, but established i halakha /i that b anyone who sets out on a journey must recite the traveler’s prayer /b prior to embarking on his journey.,The Gemara asks: b What is /b the formula for b the traveler’s prayer? /b The Gemara answers: b May it be Your will, Lord my God, to lead me to peace, direct my steps to peace, and guide me to peace, and rescue me from the hands of any enemy or ambush along the way, and send blessing to the work of my hands, and let me find grace, kindness, and compassion in Your eyes and in the eyes of all who see me. Blessed are You, Lord, Who hears prayer. /b , b Abaye said: At all times /b
37. Babylonian Talmud, Bk, None  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 531
38. Hermas, Hom. In Cant., 101  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 102
39. Babylonian Talmud, Bm, None  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 275
40. Palestinian Talmudshab 1, Shab 17 (3C-D), 1.7  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 290
41. New Testament, Q, 16.18  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 76
42. Anon., Shemoneh Esreh, 0  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 274, 275, 290, 531
43. Anon., 5 Ezra, 5  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 282
44. Anon., Gospel of Peter, 10, 9, 8  Tagged with subjects: •nan Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 294
45. Anon., Pesah Seder, 0  Tagged with subjects: •matthaean church, community Found in books: Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 290