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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
island, aiginetans at salamis Kowalzig (2007) 207, 208, 209, 210, 221, 222, 223, 321
island, amorgos, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 370
island, amorgos, cycladic Lalone (2019) 205, 207, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253
island, asklepieion, rome asklepieia, establishment of tiber Renberg (2017) 182, 206
island, astypalaea, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 305
island, cos, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 542
island, created by volcanic eruption, hiera Williams (2012) 300
island, delos, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 160, 164, 165, 168
island, farasan Marek (2019) 345
island, identity, islands, in the aegean, polis vs. Kowalzig (2007) 226, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 257, 258, 263, 264
island, ithaka, ionian Stavrianopoulou (2013) 188
island, kerkyra, ionian Stavrianopoulou (2013) 188, 195
island, kos, aegean Stavrianopoulou (2013) 225, 356, 357, 358, 359
island, lade Marek (2019) 143, 221
island, lesbos, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 370
island, monastery, ḥayq Tefera and Stuckenbruck (2021) 132, 141, 146
island, naxos, cycladic Lalone (2019) 213, 214, 215
island, of alexandria, pharos Salvesen et al (2020) 218, 219, 220, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252
island, of ceram Griffiths (1975) 46
island, of dreams, true stories Mheallaigh (2014) 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232
island, of helios, sun Sommerstein and Torrance (2014) 64
island, of pyrrhos, king of molossos/epeiros, rhodes Lalone (2019) 248
island, of sacrifice, thysia, samos Lalone (2019) 213, 214
island, of the blessed Gagné (2020) 232, 233
island, of the sun Bosak-Schroeder (2020) 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 204
Naiden (2013) 29, 131, 132
island, of the sun, egypt , and the Bosak-Schroeder (2020) 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 204
island, on the nile, philae Manolaraki (2012) 30, 89, 90, 92, 224, 225
island, rhodes, aegean Stavrianopoulou (2013) 319
island, salamis Kowalzig (2007) 185, 203
Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
island, salamis, salamis, battle of Kowalzig (2007) 94, 105, 142, 212, 218, 320, 321
island, samos Merz and Tieleman (2012) 133, 173, 174, 180
island, samos, aegean Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 195
Stavrianopoulou (2013) 31, 299, 354
island, states, peraia, continental possession of Marek (2019) 218, 222, 226
island, thynias Marek (2019) 203
island, tiber Price Finkelberg and Shahar (2021) 171
island, white Gagné (2020) 232, 233
island, worlds, economy, early fifth-century, of Kowalzig (2007) 87, 88, 94, 99, 100, 101, 102, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 384
islanders, league, koinon, federation, confederacy, nesiotic Lalone (2019) 248
islanders, league, nesiotai Marek (2019) 228
islanders, minos, popular with Kowalzig (2007) 91, 92, 96, 97
islands Bianchetti et al (2015) 31
Stuckenbruck (2007) 320
islands, aegean Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben (2020) 79, 150
islands, aeolian Konig (2022) 110, 112
islands, amorgos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159
islands, and cities and changes of name’, callimachus, ‘foundations of Walter (2020) 108
islands, and peraia, rhodes, surrounding Kowalzig (2007) 253, 254
islands, andros, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159, 173
islands, aphrodite associated with, aegean Simon (2021) 259, 261
islands, apsyrtides Bremmer (2008) 323
islands, as mainads Kowalzig (2007) 85
islands, associated with, aphrodite, aegean Simon (2021) 259, 261
islands, associated with, dionysus, aegean Simon (2021) 308, 316, 393
islands, battle of aegates Giusti (2018) 24, 210, 228
Konrad (2022) 36, 116, 117, 119, 120
islands, blessed Bianchetti et al (2015) 319, 320, 324
islands, canary Bianchetti et al (2015) 31
islands, cassiterides, see also tin Bianchetti et al (2015) 31
islands, chelidonian Marek (2019) 222
islands, chorus, khoros, of Kowalzig (2007) 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124
islands, coinage, athenian of the Kowalzig (2007) 84, 85, 86, 87, 90, 96, 114
islands, cos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159, 168
islands, delos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159, 162
islands, dionysus associated with, aegean Simon (2021) 308, 316, 393
islands, echinades Amendola (2022) 327
islands, in aegean sea, floating configuration of Kowalzig (2007) 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124
islands, in the aegean Kowalzig (2007) 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266
islands, in the aegean, and economic activity Kowalzig (2007) 211, 258, 259
islands, in the aegean, athenian settlement of Kowalzig (2007) 83, 84, 85, 86, 110
islands, in the aegean, capitalising on special natural resources Kowalzig (2007) 100
islands, in the aegean, fast and frequent change on Kowalzig (2007) 241, 242, 243
islands, in the aegean, herakles on Kowalzig (2007) 141
islands, in the aegean, in delian league Kowalzig (2007) 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 106, 107
islands, in the aegean, networking Kowalzig (2007) 60, 79, 94, 97, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257
islands, in the aegean, poverty and wealth of Kowalzig (2007) 87, 88, 93, 94, 100, 314
islands, in the aegean, re-, births of Kowalzig (2007) 241, 242, 243
islands, in the aegean, stereotyping of Kowalzig (2007) 87, 88, 93, 94, 100, 113
islands, in the aegean, synoikism/unification Kowalzig (2007) 93, 224, 225, 226, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257
islands, in the aegean, theoria to delos Kowalzig (2007) 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102
islands, in the aegean, topoi in myth Kowalzig (2007) 109, 241, 242, 243
islands, in the aegean, vs. ionians of asia minor Kowalzig (2007) 69, 82, 84, 85, 86, 109, 110, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124
islands, ionian Bianchetti et al (2015) 29
Bierl (2017) 28, 29
islands, ios, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, kamaturi Lidonnici and Lieber (2007) 123
islands, keos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159
islands, lepsia, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, lesbos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159
islands, location Richlin (2018) 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469
islands, mousike, music Kowalzig (2007) 99, 100, 123
islands, naxos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 159, 173
islands, oenussae Sommerstein and Torrance (2014) 300
islands, of the blessed Shilo (2022) 13
islands, of the sun Pinheiro et al (2015) 19, 21, 25
islands, paros, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, pelasgians, on Kowalzig (2007) 85, 86
islands, rhodes, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 155
islands, samos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, samothrace, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 91, 92, 118
islands, see also tin cassiterides Bianchetti et al (2015) 14
islands, siphnos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, syros, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands, tenos, aegean Liapis and Petrides (2019) 173
islands/cyclades, cycladic Lalone (2019) 7, 16, 205, 210, 212, 245, 250
islands”, monuments, as “time Roller (2018) 71
pan-island, cults, islands, in the aegean Kowalzig (2007) 72, 73, 232, 263, 264
“islanders”, league, nesiotai Marek (2019) 228

List of validated texts:
11 validated results for "island"
1. Hesiod, Works And Days, 167-173 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Island of the Blessed • Islands of the Blessed • White Island

 Found in books: Gagné (2020) 232; Shilo (2022) 13

167. τοῖς δὲ δίχʼ ἀνθρώπων βίοτον καὶ ἤθεʼ ὀπάσσας'168. Ζεὺς Κρονίδης κατένασσε πατὴρ ἐς πείρατα γαίης. 169. Πέμπτον δʼ αὖτις ἔτʼ ἄ λλο γένος θῆκʼ εὐρύοπα Ζεὺς 169. ἀνδρῶν, οἳ γεγάασιν ἐπὶ χθονὶ πουλυβοτείρῃ. 169. τοῖσι δʼ ὁμῶς ν εάτοις τιμὴ καὶ κῦδος ὀπηδεῖ. 169. τοῦ γὰρ δεσμὸ ν ἔλυσε πα τὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε. 169. τηλοῦ ἀπʼ ἀθανάτων· τοῖσιν Κρόνος ἐμβασιλεύει. 170. καὶ τοὶ μὲν ναίουσιν ἀκηδέα θυμὸν ἔχοντες 171. ἐν μακάρων νήσοισι παρʼ Ὠκεανὸν βαθυδίνην, 172. ὄλβιοι ἥρωες, τοῖσιν μελιηδέα καρπὸν 173. τρὶς ἔτεος θάλλοντα φέρει ζείδωρος ἄρουρα. '. None
167. While some in Cadmus’ Thebes, while looking for'168. The flocks of Oedipus, found death. The sea 169. Took others as they crossed to Troy fight 170. For fair-tressed Helen. They were screened as well 171. In death. Lord Zeus arranged it that they might 172. Live far from others. Thus they came to dwell, 173. Carefree, among the blessed isles, content '. None
2. None, None, nan (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aeolia(n Islands) • Helios (Sun), island of • Island of the Sun • islands, in the Aegean • islands, in the Aegean, (re-)births of • islands, in the Aegean, fast and frequent change on • islands, in the Aegean, polis vs. island identity • islands, in the Aegean, topoi in myth

 Found in books: Farrell (2021) 60, 93; Kowalzig (2007) 242; Naiden (2013) 29; Sommerstein and Torrance (2014) 64

3. None, None, nan (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Canary Islands • Cassiterides (see also Tin Islands) • Islands) • Philae, island on the Nile

 Found in books: Bianchetti et al (2015) 31; Manolaraki (2012) 92

4. None, None, nan (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Aegean Sea, floating configuration of islands in • Alexandria, Pharos, Island of • chorus, khoros, of islands • islands, in the Aegean • islands, in the Aegean, in Delian League • islands, in the Aegean, theoria to Delos

 Found in books: Kowalzig (2007) 98; Salvesen et al (2020) 251, 252

5. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 2.56, 2.58-2.59 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Egypt\n, and the Island of the Sun • Island of the Sun • Islands of the Sun

 Found in books: Bosak-Schroeder (2020) 104, 204; Pinheiro et al (2015) 19

2.56. 1. \xa0But when they were now drawing near to the island, the account proceeds, some of the natives met them and drew their boat to land; and the inhabitants of the island, thronging together, were astonished at the arrival of the strangers, but they treated them honourably and shared with them the necessities of life which their country afforded.,2. \xa0The dwellers upon this island differ greatly both in the characteristics of their bodies and in their manners from the men in our part of the inhabited world; for they are all nearly alike in the shape of their bodies and are over four cubits in height, but the bones of the body have the ability to bend to a certain extent and then straighten out again, like the sinewy parts.,3. \xa0They are also exceedingly tender in respect to their bodies and yet more vigorous than is the case among us; for when they have seized any object in their hands no man can extract it from the grasp of their fingers. There is absolutely no hair on any part of their bodies except on the head, eyebrows and eyelids, and on the chin, but the other parts of the body are so smooth that not even the least down can be seen on them.,4. \xa0They are also remarkably beautiful and well-proportioned in the outline of the body. The openings of their ears are much more spacious than ours and growths have developed that serve as valves, so to speak, to close them.,5. \xa0And they have a peculiarity in regard to the tongue, partly the work of nature and congenital with them and partly intentionally brought about by artifice; among them, namely, the tongue is double for a certain distance, but they divide the inner portions still further, with the result that it becomes a double tongue as far as the base.,6. \xa0Consequently they are very versatile as to the sounds they can utter, since they imitate not only every articulate language used by man but also the varied chatterings of the birds, and, in general, they reproduce any peculiarity of sounds. And the most remarkable thing of all is that at one and the same time they can converse perfectly with two persons who fall in with them, both answering questions and discoursing pertinently on the circumstances of the moment; for with one division of the tongue they can converse with the one person, and likewise with the other talk with the second.,7. \xa0Their climate is most temperate, we are told, considering that they live at the equator, and they suffer neither from heat nor from cold. Moreover, the fruits in their island ripen throughout the entire year, even as the poet writes, Here pear on pear grows old, and apple close On apple, yea, and clustered grapes on grapes, And fig on fig. And with them the day is always the same length as the night, and at midday no shadow is cast of any object because the sun is in the zenith.' "
2.58. 1. \xa0They do not marry, we are told, but possess their children in common, and maintaining the children who are born as if they belonged to all, they love them equally; and while the children are infants those who suckle the babes often change them around in order that not even the mothers may know their own offspring. Consequently, since there is no rivalry among them, they never experience civil disorders and they never cease placing the highest value upon internal harmony.,2. \xa0There are also animals among them, we are told, which are small in size but the object of wonder by reason of the nature of their bodies and the potency of their blood; for they are round in form and very similar to tortoises, but they are marked on the surface by two diagonal yellow stripes, at each end of which they have an eye and a mouth;,3. \xa0consequently, though seeing with four eyes and using as many mouths, yet it gathers its food into one gullet, and down this its nourishment is swallowed and all flows together into one stomach; and in like manner its other organs and all its inner parts are single. It also has beneath it all around its body many feet, by means of which it can move in whatever direction it pleases.,4. \xa0And the blood of this animal, they say, has a marvellous potency; for it immediately glues on to its place any living member that has been severed; even if a hand or the like should happen to have been cut off, by the use of this blood it is glued on again, provided that the cut is fresh, and the same thing is true of such other parts of the body as are not connected with the regions which are vital and sustain the person's life.,5. \xa0Each group of the inhabitants also keeps a bird of great size and of a nature peculiar to itself, by means of which a test is made of the infant children to learn what their spiritual disposition is; for they place them upon the birds, and such of them as are able to endure the flight through the air as the birds take wing they rear, but such as become nauseated and filled with consternation they cast out, as not likely either to live many years and being, besides, of no account because of their dispositions.,6. \xa0In each group the oldest man regularly exercises the leadership, just as if he were a kind of king, and is obeyed by all the members; and when the first such ruler makes an end of his life in accordance with the law upon the completion of his one\xa0hundred and fiftieth year, the next oldest succeeds to the leadership.,7. \xa0The sea about the island has strong currents and is subject to great flooding and ebbing of the tides and is sweet in taste. And as for the stars of our heavens, the Bears and many more, we are informed, are not visible at all. The number of these islands was seven, and they are very much the same in size and at about equal distances from one another, and all follow the same customs and laws." '2.59. 1. \xa0Although all the inhabitants enjoy an abundant provision of everything from what grows of itself in these islands, yet they do not indulge in the enjoyment of this abundance without restraint, but they practise simplicity and take for their food only what suffices for their needs. Meat and whatever else is roasted or boiled in water are prepared by them, but all the other dishes ingeniously concocted by professional cooks, such as sauces and the various kinds of seasonings, they have no notion whatsoever.,2. \xa0And they worship as gods that which encompasses all things and the sun, and, in general, all the heavenly bodies. Fishes of every kind in great numbers are caught by them by sundry devices and not a\xa0few birds.,3. \xa0There is also found among them an abundance of fruit trees growing wild, and olive trees and vines grow there, from which they make both olive oil and wine in abundance. Snakes also, we are told, which are of immense size and yet do no harm to the inhabitants, have a meat which is edible and exceedingly sweet.,4. \xa0And their clothing they make themselves from a certain reed which contains in the centre a downy substance that is bright to the eye and soft, which they gather and mingle with crushed sea-shells and thus make remarkable garments of a purple hue. As for the animals of the islands, their natures are peculiar and so amazing as to defy credence.,5. \xa0All the details of their diet, we are told, follow a prescribed arrangement, since they do not all take their food at the same time nor is it always the same; but it has been ordained that on certain fixed days they shall eat at one time fish, at another time fowl, sometimes the flesh of land animals, and sometimes olives and the most simple side-dishes.,6. \xa0They also take turns in ministering to the needs of one another, some of them fishing, others working at the crafts, others occupying themselves in other useful tasks, and still others, with the exception of those who have come to old age, performing the services of the group in a definite cycle.,7. \xa0And at the festivals and feasts which are held among them, there are both pronounced and sung in honour of the gods hymns and spoken laudations, and especially in honour of the sun, after whom they name both the islands and themselves.,8. \xa0They inter their dead at the time when the tide is at the ebb, burying them in the sand along the beach, the result being that at flood-tide the place has fresh sand heaped upon it. The reeds, they say, from which the fruit for their nourishment is derived, being a span in thickness increase at the times of full-moon and again decrease proportionately as it wanes.,9. \xa0And the water of the warm springs, being sweet and health-giving, maintains its heat and never becomes cold, save when it is mixed with cold water or wine.''. None
6. None, None, nan (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Rome Asklepieia, establishment of Tiber Island Asklepieion • Tiber Island

 Found in books: Price Finkelberg and Shahar (2021) 171; Renberg (2017) 182

7. Cassius Dio, Roman History, 51.16-51.17 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Alexandria, Pharos, Island of • Philae, island on the Nile

 Found in books: Manolaraki (2012) 30; Salvesen et al (2020) 219

51.16. 1. \xa0As for the rest who had been connected with Antony\'s cause up to this time, he punished some and pardoned others, either from personal motives or to oblige his friends. And since there were found at the court many children of princes and kings who were being kept there, some as hostages and others out of a spirit of arrogance, he sent some back to their homes, joined others in marriage with one another, and retained still others.,2. \xa0I\xa0shall omit most of these cases and mention only two. of his own accord he restored Iotape to the Median king, who had found an asylum with him after his defeat; but he refused the request of Artaxes that his brothers be sent to him, because this prince had put to death the Romans left behind in Armenia.,3. \xa0This was the disposition he made of such captives; and in the case of the Egyptians and the Alexandrians, he spared them all, so that none perished. The truth was that he did not see fit to inflict any irreparable injury upon a people so numerous, who might prove very useful to the Romans in many ways;,4. \xa0nevertheless, he offered as a pretext for his kindness their god Serapis, their founder Alexander, and, in the third place, their fellow-citizen Areius, of whose learning and companionship he availed himself. The speech in which he proclaimed to them his pardon he delivered in Greek, so that they might understand him.,5. \xa0After this he viewed the body of Alexander and actually touched it, whereupon, it is said, a piece of the nose was broken off. But he declined to view the remains of the Ptolemies, though the Alexandrians were extremely eager to show them, remarking, "I\xa0wished to see a king, not corpses." For this same reason he would not enter the presence of Apis, either, declaring that he was accustomed to worship gods, not cattle.' "51.17. 1. \xa0Afterwards he made Egypt tributary and gave it in charge of Cornelius Gallus. For in view of the populousness of both the cities and the country, the facile, fickle character of the inhabitants, and the extent of the grain-supply and of the wealth, so far from daring to entrust the land to any senator, he would not even grant a senator permission to live in it, except as he personally made the concession to him by name.,2. \xa0On the other hand he did not allow the Egyptians to be senators in Rome; but whereas he made various dispositions as regards the several cities, he commanded the Alexandrians to conduct their government without senators; with such capacity for revolution, I\xa0suppose, did he credit them.,3. \xa0And of the system then imposed upon them most details are rigorously preserved at the present time, but they have their senators both in Alexandria, beginning first under the emperor Severus, and also in Rome, these having first been enrolled in the senate in the reign of Severus' son Antoninus.,4. \xa0Thus was Egypt enslaved. All the inhabitants who resisted for a time were finally subdued, as, indeed, Heaven very clearly indicated to them beforehand. For it rained not only water where no drop had ever fallen previously, but also blood; and there were flashes of armour from the clouds as this bloody rain fell from them.,5. \xa0Elsewhere there was the clashing of drums and cymbals and the notes of flutes and trumpets, and a serpent of huge size suddenly appeared to them and uttered an incredibly loud hiss. Meanwhile comets were seen and dead men's ghosts appeared, the statues frowned, and Apis bellowed a note of lamentation and burst into tears.,6. \xa0So much for these events. In the palace quantities of treasure were found. For Cleopatra had taken practically all the offerings from even the holiest shrines and so helped the Romans swell their spoils without incurring any defilement on their own part. Large sums were also obtained from every man against whom any charge of misdemeanour were brought.,7. \xa0And apart from these, all the rest, even though no particular complaint could be lodged against them, had two-thirds of their property demanded of them. Out of this wealth all the troops received what was owing them, and those who were with Caesar at the time got in addition a\xa0thousand sesterces on condition of not plundering the city.,8. \xa0Repayment was made in full to those who had previously advanced loans, and to both the senators and the knights who had taken part in the war large sums were given. In fine, the Roman empire was enriched and its temples adorned."'. None
8. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Islands of the Sun • True stories, Island of Dreams

 Found in books: Mheallaigh (2014) 227; Pinheiro et al (2015) 21

9. Strabo, Geography, 2.5.8
 Tagged with subjects: • Farasan Islands • Oionai Islands

 Found in books: De Romanis and Maiuro (2015) 22; Stephens and Winkler (1995) 106

2.5.8. It is true that Pytheas of Marseilles affirms that the farthest country north of the British islands is Thule; for which place he says the summer tropic and the arctic circle is all one. But he records no other particulars concerning it; he does not say whether Thule is an island, or whether it continues habitable up to the point where the summer tropic becomes one with the arctic circle. For myself, I fancy that the northern boundaries of the habitable earth are greatly south of this. Modern writers tell us of nothing beyond Ierne, which lies just north of Britain, where the people live miserably and like savages on account of the severity of the cold. It is here in my opinion the bounds of the habitable earth ought to be fixed. If on the one hand the parallels of Byzantium and Marseilles are the same, as Hipparchus asserts on the faith of Pytheas, (for he says that at Byzantium the gnomon indicates the same amount of shadow as Pytheas gives for Marseilles,) and at the same time the parallel of the Dnieper is distant from Byzantium about 3800 stadia, it follows, if we take into consideration the distance between Marseilles and Britain, that the circle which passes over the Dnieper traverses Britain as well. But the truth is that Pytheas, who so frequently misleads people, deceives in this instance too. It is generally admitted that a line drawn from the Pillars of Hercules, and passing over the Strait of Messina , Athens, and Rhodes, would lie under the same parallel of latitude. It is likewise admitted, that the line in passing from the Pillars to the Strait of Sicily divides the Mediterranean through the midst. Navigators tell us that the greatest distance from Keltica to Libya, starting from the bottom of the Galatic Bay, is 5000 stadia, and that this is likewise the greatest breadth of the Mediterranean. Consequently from the said line to the bottom of the bay is 2500 stadia; but to Marseilles the distance is rather less, in consequence of that city being more to the south than the bottom of the bay. But since from Rhodes to Byzantium is about 4900 stadia, it follows that Byzantium must be far north of Marseilles. The distance from this latter city to Britain is about the same as from Byzantium to the Dnieper. How far it may be from Britain to the island of Ierne is not known. As to whether beyond it there may still be habitable lands, it is not our business to inquire, as we stated before. It is sufficient for our science to determine this in the same manner that we did the southern boundaries. We there fixed the bounds of the habitable earth at 3000 stadia south of Meroe (not that these were its exact limits, but because they were sufficiently near); so in this instance they should be placed about the same number of stadia north of Britain, certainly not more than 4000. It would not serve any political purpose to be well acquainted with these distant places and the people who inhabit them; especially if they are islands whose inhabitants can neither injure us, nor yet benefit us by their commerce. The Romans might easily have conquered Britain, but they did not care to do so, as they perceived there was nothing to fear from the inhabitants, (they not being powerful enough to attack us,) and that they would gain nothing by occupying the land. Even now it appears that we gain more by the customs they pay, than we could raise by tribute, after deducting the wages of the soldiers necessary for guarding the island and exacting the taxes. And the other islands adjacent to this would be still more unproductive.''. None
10. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, 1.8.2
 Tagged with subjects: • Rome Asklepieia, establishment of Tiber Island Asklepieion • Tiber Island

 Found in books: Price Finkelberg and Shahar (2021) 171; Renberg (2017) 182

1.8.2. But then we may relate how favourable the rest of the gods were to our city. For when our city was visited with a three-year pestilence, and neither through divine compassion or human aid could any remedy be found for so long and lasting a calamity, the priests consulted the Sibylline Books and observed, that there was no other way to restore the city to its former health but by fetching the image of Aesculapius from Epidaurus. The city therefore sent ambassadors thither, hoping that by its authority, the greatest then in the world, they might prevail to obtain the only remedy against the fatal misery. Neither did hope deceive them. For their desire was granted with as much willingness, as it was requested with earnestness. For immediately the Epidaurians conducted the ambassadors to the temple of Aesculapius (distant from the city some five miles) and told them to take out of it whatever they thought appropriate for the preservation of Rome. Their liberal goodwill was imitated by the god himself in his celestial compliance, approving the kindness of mortals. For that snake, seldom or never seen except to their great benefit, which the Epidaurians worshipped equally to Aesculapius, began to glide with a mild aspect and gentle motion through the chief parts of the city; and being seen for three days to the religious admiration of all men, without doubt taking in good part the change to a more noble seat, it hastened to the Roman trireme, and while the mariners stood frightened by so unusual a sight, crept aboard the ship. It peaceably folded itself into several coils, and quietly remained in the cabin of Q. Ogulnius, one of the ambassadors. The envoys returned due thanks, and being instructed by those who were skilful in the due worship of the serpent, like men who had obtained their hearts' desire, joyfully departed. When after a prosperous voyage they put in at Antium, the snake, which had remained in the ship, glided to the porch of the temple of Aesculapius, adorned with myrtle and other boughs, and twisted itself around a palm-tree of a very great height, where it stayed for three days in the temple of Antium. The ambassadors with great care put out those things wherewith he used to be fed, for fear he should be unwilling to return to the ship: and then he patiently allowed himself to be transported to our city. When the ambassadors landed upon the shore of the Tiber, the snake swam to the island where the temple was dedicated, and by his coming dispelled the calamity, for which he had been sought as a remedy."". None
11. Vergil, Aeneis, 8.688-8.713
 Tagged with subjects: • Aegates Islands, battle of ( • Philae, island on the Nile

 Found in books: Farrell (2021) 180; Manolaraki (2012) 30

8.688. Bactra vehit, sequiturque (nefas) Aegyptia coniunx. 8.689. Una omnes ruere, ac totum spumare reductis 8.690. convolsum remis rostrisque tridentibus aequor. 8.691. alta petunt: pelago credas innare revolsas 8.692. Cycladas aut montis concurrere montibus altos, 8.693. tanta mole viri turritis puppibus instant. 8.694. stuppea flamma manu telisque volatile ferrum 8.695. spargitur, arva nova Neptunia caede rubescunt. 8.696. Regina in mediis patrio vocat agmina sistro 8.697. necdum etiam geminos a tergo respicit anguis. 8.698. omnigenumque deum monstra et latrator Anubis 8.699. contra Neptunum et Venerem contraque Minervam 8.700. tela tenent. Saevit medio in certamine Mavors 8.701. caelatus ferro tristesque ex aethere Dirae, 8.702. et scissa gaudens vadit Discordia palla, 8.703. quam cum sanguineo sequitur Bellona flagello. 8.704. Actius haec cernens arcum tendebat Apollo 8.705. desuper: omnis eo terrore Aegyptus et Indi, 8.706. omnis Arabs, omnes vertebant terga Sabaei. 8.707. Ipsa videbatur ventis regina vocatis 8.708. vela dare et laxos iam iamque inmittere funis. 8.709. Illam inter caedes pallentem morte futura 8.710. fecerat Ignipotens undis et Iapyge ferri, 8.711. contra autem magno maerentem corpore Nilum 8.712. pandentemque sinus et tota veste vocantem 8.713. caeruleum in gremium latebrosaque flumina victos.''. None
8.688. pallas, my son, and bid him find in thee 8.689. a master and example, while he learns ' "8.690. the soldier's arduous toil. With thy brave deeds " '8.691. let him familiar grow, and reverence thee 8.692. with youthful love and honor. In his train 8.693. two hundred horsemen of Arcadia, 8.694. our choicest men-at-arms, shall ride; and he 8.695. in his own name an equal band shall bring 8.696. to follow only thee.” Such the discourse. 8.697. With meditative brows and downcast eyes 8.698. Aeneas and Achates, sad at heart, 8.699. mused on unnumbered perils yet to come. ' "8.700. But out of cloudless sky Cythera's Queen " "8.701. gave sudden signal: from th' ethereal dome " '8.702. a thunder-peal and flash of quivering fire 8.703. tumultuous broke, as if the world would fall, 8.704. and bellowing Tuscan trumpets shook the air. 8.705. All eyes look up. Again and yet again 8.706. crashed the terrible din, and where the sky 8.707. looked clearest hung a visionary cloud, 8.708. whence through the brightness blazed resounding arms. ' "8.709. All hearts stood still. But Troy 's heroic son " '8.710. knew that his mother in the skies redeemed 8.711. her pledge in sound of thunder: so he cried, 8.712. “Seek not, my friend, seek not thyself to read ' "8.713. the meaning of the omen. 'T is to me "'. None

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