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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
imperium Ando (2013) 28, 408
Bay (2022) 254, 287, 308
Blum and Biggs (2019) 132, 161, 164, 222
Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 193
Czajkowski et al (2020) 19, 246, 247, 248, 273, 291, 352
Kaster(2005) 158
Langlands (2018) 71
Mueller (2002) 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 121, 122, 123
Poulsen and Jönsson (2021) 34, 56, 61, 79, 82, 125, 138, 150, 152, 154, 155, 161, 162, 163, 172, 273, 277, 281, 283, 285, 286, 287
Rutledge (2012) 32, 150
Santangelo (2013) 214, 257
Shannon-Henderson (2019) 5, 62, 81, 107, 224
Tuori (2016) 69, 70, 76, 101, 105, 108, 109, 112, 120, 121, 145, 162, 173, 237, 283
imperium, and right to auspices, comitia, grant Konrad (2022) 141, 142
imperium, and triumph, tullius cicero, m. Konrad (2022) 68, 69, 70, 71
imperium, claims supremacy of dictator’s, papirius cursor, l., auspices and Konrad (2022) 16, 30, 112, 115, 148
imperium, command Nisula (2012) 114, 256
imperium, conferral of Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 191, 197, 353
imperium, defined by drogula Konrad (2022) 33, 35, 36, 37
imperium, defined by mommsen Konrad (2022) 30, 33
imperium, exercise provincia, of affected by Konrad (2022) 33, 35, 36, 63
imperium, in sphere domi Konrad (2022) 30, 33, 37
imperium, in sphere militiae Konrad (2022) 30, 33, 37, 38, 61, 64, 122, 123, 124, 200, 201
imperium, in urbe, dictator Konrad (2022) 37, 61
imperium, in urbe, not applicable except of dictator Konrad (2022) 33, 37, 61
imperium, iustum Konrad (2022) 54, 55
imperium, lictors, needed by promagistrate to retain Konrad (2022) 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 77, 78
imperium, made equal to dictator’s, minucius rufus, m. Konrad (2022) 26, 102, 103, 105, 107, 108, 178, 179, 209
imperium, magister equitum, of made equal to dictator’s Konrad (2022) 26, 71, 72, 105, 106, 107, 108, 178, 179, 209
imperium, maius Tuori (2016) 43, 65, 101, 108, 112, 145
imperium, maius and minus Konrad (2022) 35, 85, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 200, 201
imperium, military valid only outside pomerium Konrad (2022) 77, 78, 123
imperium, motif, cosmos and Green (2014) 115
imperium, of consul Konrad (2022) 35, 36, 38, 39, 54, 55, 77, 85, 86, 94, 95, 117, 124, 125, 126, 293
imperium, of dictator Konrad (2022) 16, 26, 28, 85, 86, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100
imperium, of magister equitum Konrad (2022) 26, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107, 108, 112
imperium, of magister equitum made equal to dictator’s, fasti capitolini, on Konrad (2022) 178, 179
imperium, of praetor Konrad (2022) 35, 36, 37, 94, 95, 117, 125, 126
imperium, of privati Konrad (2022) 77, 141
imperium, of promagistrate Konrad (2022) 38, 68, 70, 71, 77, 78, 122, 123, 124, 125
imperium, potestas, and Konrad (2022) 37, 38, 39
imperium, retained promagistrates, by, until return to city Konrad (2022) 122, 123, 124
imperium, retained until crossing of pomerium Konrad (2022) 70, 71, 123
imperium, romanum Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 15, 279
imperium, valentius Konrad (2022) 86, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 201, 260, 261, 264, 265
imperium, valid only outside, pomerium Konrad (2022) 77, 78

List of validated texts:
6 validated results for "imperium"
1. None, None, nan (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Imperium • imperium • imperium, maius and minus • imperium, of consul • imperium, of dictator • imperium, valentius

 Found in books: Ando (2013) 408; Czajkowski et al (2020) 19; Konrad (2022) 85, 86; Rosa and Santangelo (2020) 27

2. None, None, nan (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • imperium • imperium maius

 Found in books: Rutledge (2012) 150; Tuori (2016) 101

3. None, None, nan (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • imperium • imperium, in sphere militiae • imperium, military valid only outside pomerium • imperium, of promagistrate • pomerium, imperium retained until crossing of • promagistrates, imperium, retained by, until return to City

 Found in books: Konrad (2022) 122, 123; Shannon-Henderson (2019) 62

4. Tacitus, Annals, 1.17, 2.41.1, 2.43.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • imperium • imperium, conferral of

 Found in books: Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 197, 353; Esler (2000) 33; Poulsen and Jönsson (2021) 172; Shannon-Henderson (2019) 62, 107

1.17. Postremo promptis iam et aliis seditionis ministris velut contionabundus interrogabat cur paucis centurionibus paucioribus tribunis in modum servorum oboedirent. quando ausuros exposcere remedia, nisi novum et nutantem adhuc principem precibus vel armis adirent? satis per tot annos ignavia peccatum, quod tricena aut quadragena stipendia senes et plerique truncato ex vulneribus corpore tolerent. ne dimissis quidem finem esse militiae, sed apud vexillum tendentis alio vocabulo eosdem labores perferre. ac si quis tot casus vita superaverit, trahi adhuc diversas in terras ubi per nomen agrorum uligines paludum vel inculta montium accipiant. enimvero militiam ipsam gravem, infructuosam: denis in diem assibus animam et corpus aestimari: hinc vestem arma tentoria, hinc saevitiam centurionum et vacationes munerum redimi. at hercule verbera et vulnera, duram hiemem, exercitas aestates, bellum atrox aut sterilem pacem sempiterna. nec aliud levamentum quam si certis sub legibus militia iniretur, ut singulos denarios mererent, sextus decumus stipendii annus finem adferret, ne ultra sub vexillis tenerentur, sed isdem in castris praemium pecunia solveretur. an praetorias cohortis, quae binos denarios acceperint, quae post sedecim annos penatibus suis reddantur, plus periculorum suscipere? non obtrectari a se urbanas excubias: sibi tamen apud horridas gentis e contuberniis hostem aspici.' '. None
1.17. \xa0At last, when they were ripe for action â\x80\x94 some had now become his coadjutors in sedition â\x80\x94 he put his question in something like a set speech:â\x80\x94 "Why should they obey like slaves a\xa0few centurions and fewer tribunes? When would they dare to claim redress, if they shrank from carrying their petitions, or their swords, to the still unstable throne of a new prince? Mistakes enough had been made in all the years of inaction, when white-haired men, many of whom had lost a limb by wounds, were making their thirtieth or fortieth campaign. Even after discharge their warfare was not accomplished: still under canvas by the colours they endured the old drudgeries under an altered name. And suppose that a man survived this multitude of hazards: he was dragged once more to the ends of the earth to receive under the name of a\xa0\'farm\' some swampy morass or barren mountain-side. In fact, the whole trade of war was comfortless and profitless: ten asses a\xa0day was the assessment of body and soul: with that they had to buy clothes, weapons and tents, bribe the bullying centurion and purchase a respite from duty! But whip-cut and sword-cut, stern winter and harassed summer, red war or barren peace, â\x80\x94 these, God knew, were always with them. Alleviation there would be none, till enlistment took place under a definite contract â\x80\x94 the payment to be a denarius a\xa0day, the sixteenth year to end the term of service, no further period with the reserve to be required, but the gratuity to be paid in money in their old camp. Or did the praetorian cohorts, who had received two denarii a\xa0day â\x80\x94 who were restored to hearth and home on the expiry of sixteen years â\x80\x94 risk more danger? They did not disparage sentinel duty at Rome; still, their own lot was cast among savage clans, with the enemy visible from their very tents." <
2.41.1. \xa0The close of the year saw dedicated an arch near the temple of Saturn commemorating the recovery, "under the leader­ship of Germanicus and the auspices of Tiberius," of the eagles lost with Varus; a temple to Fors Fortuna on the Tiber bank, in the gardens which the dictator Caesar had bequeathed to the nation; a sanctuary to the Julian race, and an effigy to the deity of Augustus, at Bovillae. In the consulate of Gaius Caelius and Lucius Pomponius, Germanicus Caesar, on the twenty-sixth day of May, celebrated his triumph over the Cherusci, the Chatti, the Angrivarii, and the other tribes lying west of the Elbe. There was a procession of spoils and captives, of mimic mountains, rivers, and battles; and the war, since he had been forbidden to complete it, was assumed to be complete. To the spectators the effect was heightened by the noble figure of the commander himself, and by the five children who loaded his chariot. Yet beneath lay an unspoken fear, as men reflected that to his father Drusus the favour of the multitude had not brought happiness â\x80\x94 that Marcellus, his uncle, had been snatched in youth from the ardent affections of the populace â\x80\x94 that the loves of the Roman nation were fleeting and unblest!
2.43.1. \xa0These circumstances, then, and the events in Armenia, which I\xa0mentioned above, were discussed by Tiberius before the senate. "The commotion in the East," he added, "could only be settled by the wisdom of Germanicus: for his own years were trending to their autumn, and those of Drusus were as yet scarcely mature." There followed a decree of the Fathers, delegating to Germanicus the provinces beyond the sea, with powers overriding, in all regions he might visit, those of the local governors holding office by allotment or imperial nomination. Tiberius, however, had removed Creticus Silanus from Syria â\x80\x94 he was a marriage connection of Germanicus, whose eldest son, Nero, was plighted to his daughter â\x80\x94 and had given the appointment to Gnaeus Piso, a man of ungoverned passions and constitutional insubordinacy. For there was a strain of wild arrogance in the blood â\x80\x94 a\xa0strain derived from his father Piso; who in the Civil War lent strenuous aid against Caesar to the republican party during its resurrection in Africa, then followed the fortunes of Brutus and Cassius, and, on the annulment of his exile, refused to become a suitor for office, until approached with a special request to accept a consulate proffered by Augustus. But, apart from the paternal temper, Piso\'s brain was fired by the lineage and wealth of his wife Plancina: to Tiberius he accorded a grudging precedence; upon his children he looked down as far beneath him. Nor did he entertain a doubt that he had been selected for the governor­ship of Syria in order to repress the ambitions of Germanicus. The belief has been held that he did in fact receive private instructions from Tiberius; and Plancina, beyond question, had advice from the ex-empress, bent with feminine jealousy upon persecuting Agrippina. For the court was split and torn by unspoken preferences for Germanicus or for Drusus. Tiberius leaned to the latter as his own issue and blood of his blood. Germanicus, owing to the estrangement of his uncle, had risen in the esteem of the world; and he had a further advantage in the distinction of his mother\'s family, among whom he could point to Mark Antony for a grandfather and to Augustus for a great-uncle. On the other hand, the plain Roman knight, Pomponius Atticus, who was great-grandfather to Drusus, seemed to reflect no credit upon the ancestral effigies of the Claudian house; while both in fecundity and in fair fame Agrippina, the consort of Germanicus, ranked higher than Drusus\' helpmeet, Livia. The brothers, however, maintained a singular uimity, unshaken by the contentions of their kith and kin.''. None
5. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, 2.8.2
 Tagged with subjects: • imperium • imperium, defined by Drogula • imperium, in sphere militiae • imperium, maius and minus • imperium, of consul • imperium, of praetor • provincia, imperium, exercise of, affected by

 Found in books: Konrad (2022) 36, 117, 200; Mueller (2002) 121, 123

2.8.2. Having mentioned these laws, it will be appropriate to relate what was adjudged thereupon, when the right of triumphing was discussed and debated among the most worthy men. C. Lutatius the consul and Q. Valerius the praetor had defeated and utterly destroyed a very great fleet of the Carthaginians near the coast of Sicily, whereupon the senate decreed a triumph to Lutatius the consul. But when Valerius requested that a triumph might be granted to him also, Lutatius opposed it, lest through the honour of triumph, the lesser authority should be made equal to the greater. The contention growing greater and greater, Valerius challenged Lutatius, claiming that the Carthaginian fleet was not defeated by his leadership. Lutatius did not hesitate to stipulate against this. When Atilius Calatinus, by agreement, sat as judge between them, Valerius claimed that the consul had been lame and lay in his litter, and that he himself performed all the duties of the commander. Then Calatinus, before Lutatius made his defence, said : "Tell me, Valerius, if you two were of contrary opinions whether to fight or not, whether were the command of the consul or the praetor to be obeyed?" Valerius answered that he could not deny that the consul was chiefly to be obeyed. "Again," said Calatinus, "if the consul\'s and your auspices were different, which were first to be followed?" "The consul\'s," replied Valerius. "Then," said the judge, "seeing that upon these two questions, about the chief command and the priority of auspices, you Valerius have admitted your adversary to be superior in both, I cannot make any further doubt. And therefore, Lutatius, though you have as yet made no defence, I give judgment on your behalf." A noble judge, who in a business that was so clear, would not waste and trifle away his time. More deserving and justifiable was the cause of Lutatius, who defended the right of a most sovereign honour. Yet it was not ill done of Valerius to require the reward of a prosperous and courageously fought battle; but it was not so lawfully demanded by him as by the other.''. None
6. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Imperium • imperium

 Found in books: Czajkowski et al (2020) 247, 248; Tuori (2016) 70

Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.