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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.


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All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
ghost Gazis and Hooper (2021) 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 50, 51, 52, 56, 60, 95, 106, 120
Humphreys (2018) 86, 327, 355, 356
Nuno et al (2021) 7, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 93, 94, 95, 97
Poorthuis and Schwartz (2014) 88
ghost, embodied Gazis and Hooper (2021) 42, 43, 44, 45
ghost, of achilles, neoptolemus, and the Greensmith (2021) 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 271, 272, 273
ghost, of achilles, succession, and the Greensmith (2021) 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 271, 272, 273
ghost, of clytemnestra Shilo (2022) 72, 130, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 181, 186
ghost, of clytemnestra, and blame, dishonor, shame Shilo (2022) 149, 155, 166, 167, 168
ghost, of clytemnestra, and metatheater Shilo (2022) 163
ghost, of clytemnestra, as dream, onar Shilo (2022) 148, 151, 154, 156, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164
ghost, of clytemnestra, as image, eidōlon Shilo (2022) 147, 148
ghost, of clytemnestra, ethical claims of Shilo (2022) 151, 153, 156, 160, 162, 164, 171
ghost, of clytemnestra, psukhē of Shilo (2022) 151, 168, 169, 170, 171
ghost, of clytemnestra, rhetorical inventiveness of Shilo (2022) 164, 165, 166, 167, 168
ghost, of clytemnestra, wounds of Shilo (2022) 149, 158, 160, 161, 162, 163, 187
ghost, of darius Shilo (2022) 101, 106, 170, 192
ghost, of elpenor Shilo (2022) 158
ghost, of patroclus Braund and Most (2004) 190
Shilo (2022) 158, 162, 166
ghost, plutarch, on pausaniass Eidinow (2007) 279
ghost, sarapis shrine, saqqâra, individual structures and complexes Renberg (2017) 407
ghost, statue and Steiner (2001) 6, 7
ghosts Edmonds (2019) 25, 212, 223, 234, 327
Ekroth (2013) 21
Faraone (1999) 141, 142
Feder (2022) 29, 146, 149, 150, 151, 161, 165, 167, 170
Graf and Johnston (2007) 149, 150
Ker and Wessels (2020) 260
Luck (2006) 213, 214, 215, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240
Mcclellan (2019) 33, 49, 76, 77, 116, 119, 120, 136, 159, 160, 163, 165, 179, 205, 221, 229, 230, 231, 246, 251
de Jáuregui et al. (2011) 336, 402
ghosts, and divination Johnston (2008) 56, 122, 123, 124, 161, 162, 163, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175
ghosts, philopseudes, theories about Mheallaigh (2014) 91, 92
ghosts, repelled by proserpina Griffiths (1975) 2, 117
ghosts, statues, and Steiner (2001) 6, 7, 140, 193, 194
ghosts, with threefold countenance, proserpine, repels Griffiths (1975) 2, 117
ghosts, with threefold countenance, threshold proserpine, repels of trodden on in initiation Griffiths (1975) 296, 301
ghosts, with threefold proserpine, repels countenance, keeps barred the bolts of earth Griffiths (1975) 2, 117
ghosts/restless, spirits/revenants, death and the afterlife Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 141, 142, 399, 400, 402, 403, 407, 409

List of validated texts:
10 validated results for "ghosts"
1. Homer, Iliad, 23.62-23.107 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghost of Clytemnestra • Ghost of Clytemnestra, and blame, dishonor, shame • Ghost of Clytemnestra, as dream, onar • Ghost of Clytemnestra, ethical claims of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, rhetorical inventiveness of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, wounds of • Neoptolemus, and the ghost of Achilles • Patroclus, ghost of • ghost • ghost, statue and • ghosts • statues, and ghosts • succession, and the ghost of Achilles

 Found in books: Gazis and Hooper (2021) 35, 36; Greensmith (2021) 266; Mcclellan (2019) 33, 231; Shilo (2022) 162, 166; Steiner (2001) 6


23.62. εὖτε τὸν ὕπνος ἔμαρπτε λύων μελεδήματα θυμοῦ 23.63. νήδυμος ἀμφιχυθείς· μάλα γὰρ κάμε φαίδιμα γυῖα 23.64. Ἕκτορʼ ἐπαΐσσων προτὶ Ἴλιον ἠνεμόεσσαν· 23.65. ἦλθε δʼ ἐπὶ ψυχὴ Πατροκλῆος δειλοῖο 23.66. πάντʼ αὐτῷ μέγεθός τε καὶ ὄμματα κάλʼ ἐϊκυῖα 23.67. καὶ φωνήν, καὶ τοῖα περὶ χροῒ εἵματα ἕστο· 23.68. στῆ δʼ ἄρʼ ὑπὲρ κεφαλῆς καί μιν πρὸς μῦθον ἔειπεν· 23.69. εὕδεις, αὐτὰρ ἐμεῖο λελασμένος ἔπλευ Ἀχιλλεῦ. 23.70. οὐ μέν μευ ζώοντος ἀκήδεις, ἀλλὰ θανόντος· 23.71. θάπτέ με ὅττι τάχιστα πύλας Ἀΐδαο περήσω. 23.72. τῆλέ με εἴργουσι ψυχαὶ εἴδωλα καμόντων, 23.73. οὐδέ μέ πω μίσγεσθαι ὑπὲρ ποταμοῖο ἐῶσιν, 23.74. ἀλλʼ αὔτως ἀλάλημαι ἀνʼ εὐρυπυλὲς Ἄϊδος δῶ. 23.75. καί μοι δὸς τὴν χεῖρʼ· ὀλοφύρομαι, οὐ γὰρ ἔτʼ αὖτις 23.76. νίσομαι ἐξ Ἀΐδαο, ἐπήν με πυρὸς λελάχητε. 23.77. οὐ μὲν γὰρ ζωοί γε φίλων ἀπάνευθεν ἑταίρων 23.78. βουλὰς ἑζόμενοι βουλεύσομεν, ἀλλʼ ἐμὲ μὲν κὴρ 23.79. ἀμφέχανε στυγερή, ἥ περ λάχε γιγνόμενόν περ· 23.80. καὶ δὲ σοὶ αὐτῷ μοῖρα, θεοῖς ἐπιείκελʼ Ἀχιλλεῦ, 23.81. τείχει ὕπο Τρώων εὐηφενέων ἀπολέσθαι. 23.82. ἄλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω καὶ ἐφήσομαι αἴ κε πίθηαι· 23.83. μὴ ἐμὰ σῶν ἀπάνευθε τιθήμεναι ὀστέʼ Ἀχιλλεῦ, 23.84. ἀλλʼ ὁμοῦ ὡς ἐτράφημεν ἐν ὑμετέροισι δόμοισιν, 23.85. εὖτέ με τυτθὸν ἐόντα Μενοίτιος ἐξ Ὀπόεντος 23.86. ἤγαγεν ὑμέτερόνδʼ ἀνδροκτασίης ὕπο λυγρῆς, 23.87. ἤματι τῷ ὅτε παῖδα κατέκτανον Ἀμφιδάμαντος 23.88. νήπιος οὐκ ἐθέλων ἀμφʼ ἀστραγάλοισι χολωθείς· 23.89. ἔνθά με δεξάμενος ἐν δώμασιν ἱππότα Πηλεὺς 23.90. ἔτραφέ τʼ ἐνδυκέως καὶ σὸν θεράποντʼ ὀνόμηνεν· 23.91. ὣς δὲ καὶ ὀστέα νῶϊν ὁμὴ σορὸς ἀμφικαλύπτοι 23.92. χρύσεος ἀμφιφορεύς, τόν τοι πόρε πότνια μήτηρ. 23.93. τὸν δʼ ἀπαμειβόμενος προσέφη πόδας ὠκὺς Ἀχιλλεύς· 23.94. τίπτέ μοι ἠθείη κεφαλὴ δεῦρʼ εἰλήλουθας 23.95. καί μοι ταῦτα ἕκαστʼ ἐπιτέλλεαι; αὐτὰρ ἐγώ τοι 23.96. πάντα μάλʼ ἐκτελέω καὶ πείσομαι ὡς σὺ κελεύεις. 23.97. ἀλλά μοι ἆσσον στῆθι· μίνυνθά περ ἀμφιβαλόντε 23.98. ἀλλήλους ὀλοοῖο τεταρπώμεσθα γόοιο. 23.99. ὣς ἄρα φωνήσας ὠρέξατο χερσὶ φίλῃσιν 23.100. οὐδʼ ἔλαβε· ψυχὴ δὲ κατὰ χθονὸς ἠΰτε καπνὸς 23.101. ᾤχετο τετριγυῖα· ταφὼν δʼ ἀνόρουσεν Ἀχιλλεὺς 23.102. χερσί τε συμπλατάγησεν, ἔπος δʼ ὀλοφυδνὸν ἔειπεν· 23.103. ὢ πόποι ἦ ῥά τίς ἐστι καὶ εἰν Ἀΐδαο δόμοισι 23.104. ψυχὴ καὶ εἴδωλον, ἀτὰρ φρένες οὐκ ἔνι πάμπαν· 23.105. παννυχίη γάρ μοι Πατροκλῆος δειλοῖο 23.106. ψυχὴ ἐφεστήκει γοόωσά τε μυρομένη τε, 23.107. καί μοι ἕκαστʼ ἐπέτελλεν, ἔϊκτο δὲ θέσκελον αὐτῷ.''. None
23.62. lay groaning heavily amid the host of the Myrmidons, in an open space where the waves splashed upon the shore. And when sleep seized him, loosenlng the cares of his heart, being shed in sweetness round about him — for sore weary were his glorious limbs with speeding after Hector unto windy Ilios— 23.64. lay groaning heavily amid the host of the Myrmidons, in an open space where the waves splashed upon the shore. And when sleep seized him, loosenlng the cares of his heart, being shed in sweetness round about him — for sore weary were his glorious limbs with speeding after Hector unto windy Ilios— ' "23.65. then there came to him the spirit of hapless Patroclus, in all things like his very self, in stature and fair eyes and in voice, and in like raiment was he clad withal; and he stood above Achilles' head and spake to him, saying:Thou sleepest, and hast forgotten me, Achilles. " "23.69. then there came to him the spirit of hapless Patroclus, in all things like his very self, in stature and fair eyes and in voice, and in like raiment was he clad withal; and he stood above Achilles' head and spake to him, saying:Thou sleepest, and hast forgotten me, Achilles. " '23.70. Not in my life wast thou unmindful of me, but now in my death! Bury me with all speed, that I pass within the gates of Hades. Afar do the spirits keep me aloof, the phantoms of men that have done with toils, neither suffer they me to join myself to them beyond the River, but vainly I wander through the wide-gated house of Hades. 23.75. And give me thy hand, I pitifully entreat thee, for never more again shall I come back from out of Hades, when once ye have given me my due of fire. Never more in life shall we sit apart from our dear comrades and take counsel together, but for me hath loathly fate 23.80. opened its maw, the fate that was appointed me even from my birth. Aye, and thou thyself also, Achilles like to the gods, art doomed to be brought low beneath the wall of the waelthy Trojans. And another thing will I speak, and charge thee, if so be thou wilt hearken. Lay not my bones apart from thine, Achilles, but let them lie together, even as we were reared in your house, 23.84. opened its maw, the fate that was appointed me even from my birth. Aye, and thou thyself also, Achilles like to the gods, art doomed to be brought low beneath the wall of the waelthy Trojans. And another thing will I speak, and charge thee, if so be thou wilt hearken. Lay not my bones apart from thine, Achilles, but let them lie together, even as we were reared in your house, ' "23.85. when Menoetius brought me, being yet a little lad, from Opoeis to your country, by reason of grievous man-slaying, on the day when I slew Amphidamus' son in my folly, though I willed it not, in wrath over the dice. Then the knight Peleus received me into his house " "23.89. when Menoetius brought me, being yet a little lad, from Opoeis to your country, by reason of grievous man-slaying, on the day when I slew Amphidamus' son in my folly, though I willed it not, in wrath over the dice. Then the knight Peleus received me into his house " '23.90. and reared me with kindly care and named me thy squire; even so let one coffer enfold our bones, a golden coffer with handles twain, the which thy queenly mother gave thee. 23.94. and reared me with kindly care and named me thy squire; even so let one coffer enfold our bones, a golden coffer with handles twain, the which thy queenly mother gave thee. Then in answer spake to him Achilles, swift of foot:Wherefore, O head beloved, art thou come hither, 23.95. and thus givest me charge about each thing? Nay, verily I will fulfill thee all, and will hearken even as thou biddest. But, I pray thee, draw thou nigher; though it be but for a little space let us clasp our arms one about the other, and take our fill of dire lamenting. So saying he reached forth with his hands, 23.100. yet clasped him not; but the spirit like a vapour was gone beneath the earth, gibbering faintly. And seized with amazement Achilles sprang up, and smote his hands together, and spake a word of wailing:Look you now, even in the house of Hades is the spirit and phantom somewhat, albeit the mind be not anywise therein; 23.105. for the whole night long hath the spirit of hapless Patroclus stood over me, weeping and wailing, and gave me charge concerning each thing, and was wondrously like his very self. So spake he, and in them all aroused the desire of lament, and rosy-fingered Dawn shone forth upon them 23.107. for the whole night long hath the spirit of hapless Patroclus stood over me, weeping and wailing, and gave me charge concerning each thing, and was wondrously like his very self. So spake he, and in them all aroused the desire of lament, and rosy-fingered Dawn shone forth upon them ''. None
2. None, None, nan (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghost of Clytemnestra • Ghost of Clytemnestra, as dream, onar • Ghost of Clytemnestra, ethical claims of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, wounds of • Patroclus, ghost of • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants • ghost

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 142, 399, 400; Gazis and Hooper (2021) 36, 50; Shilo (2022) 162


3. Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 420 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghost of Clytemnestra • Ghost of Clytemnestra, as dream, onar • statues, and ghosts

 Found in books: Shilo (2022) 159; Steiner (2001) 193


420. ὀνειρόφαντοι δὲ πενθήμονες''. None
420.
4. None, None, nan (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Elpenor, ghost of • Ghost of Clytemnestra • Ghost of Clytemnestra, and blame, dishonor, shame • Ghost of Clytemnestra, and metatheater • Ghost of Clytemnestra, as dream, onar • Ghost of Clytemnestra, as image, eidōlon • Ghost of Clytemnestra, ethical claims of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, psukhē of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, rhetorical inventiveness of • Ghost of Clytemnestra, wounds of • Patroclus, ghost of • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 399; Shilo (2022) 147, 148, 149, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168


5. None, None, nan (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghost of Clytemnestra • Ghost of Clytemnestra, psukhē of • Ghost of Darius • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants • ghost, embodied

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 407; Gazis and Hooper (2021) 43; Shilo (2022) 170


6. Herodotus, Histories, 4.15, 8.38-8.39 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • ghost, embodied • ghost, statue and • ghosts • ghosts, • statues, and ghosts

 Found in books: Ekroth (2013) 21; Gazis and Hooper (2021) 42; Luck (2006) 214; Steiner (2001) 7


4.15. ταῦτα μὲν αἱ πόλιες αὗται λέγουσι, τάδε δὲ οἶδα Μεταποντίνοισι τοῖσι ἐν Ἰταλίῃ συγκυρήσαντα μετὰ τὴν ἀφάνισιν τὴν δευτέρην Ἀριστέω ἔτεσι τεσσεράκοντα καὶ διηκοσίοισι, ὡς ἐγὼ συμβαλλόμενος ἐν Προκοννήσῳ τε καὶ Μεταποντίῳ εὕρισκον. Μεταποντῖνοι φασὶ αὐτὸν Ἀριστέην φανέντα σφι ἐς τὴν χώρην κελεῦσαι βωμὸν Ἀπόλλωνος ἱδρύσασθαι καὶ Ἀριστέω τοῦ Προκοννησίου ἐπωνυμίην ἔχοντα ἀνδριάντα πὰρʼ αὐτὸν ἱστάναι· φάναι γὰρ σφι τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα Ἰταλιωτέων μούνοισι δὴ ἀπικέσθαι ἐς τὴν χώρην, καὶ αὐτὸς οἱ ἕπεσθαι ὁ νῦν ἐὼν Ἀριστέης· τότε δὲ, ὅτε εἵπετο τῷ θεῷ, εἶναι κόραξ. καὶ τὸν μὲν εἰπόντα ταῦτα ἀφανισθῆναι, σφέας δὲ Μεταποντῖνοι λέγουσι ἐς Δελφοὺς πέμψαντας τὸν θεὸν ἐπειρωτᾶν ὃ τι τὸ φάσμα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου εἴη. τὴν δὲ Πυθίην σφέας κελεύειν πείθεσθαι τῷ φάσματι, πειθομένοισι δὲ ἄμεινον συνοίσεσθαι. καὶ σφέας δεξαμένους ταῦτα ποιῆσαι ἐπιτελέα. καὶ νῦν ἔστηκε ἀνδριὰς ἐπωνυμίην ἔχων Ἀριστέω παρʼ αὐτῷ τῷ ἀγάλματι τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος, πέριξ δὲ αὐτὸν δάφναι ἑστᾶσι· τὸ δὲ ἄγαλμα ἐν τῇ ἀγορῇ ἵδρυται. Ἀριστέω μέν νυν πέρι τοσαῦτα εἰρήσθω.
8.38. συμμιγέντων δὲ τούτων πάντων, φόβος τοῖσι βαρβάροισι ἐνεπεπτώκεε. μαθόντες δὲ οἱ Δελφοὶ φεύγοντας σφέας, ἐπικαταβάντες ἀπέκτειναν πλῆθός τι αὐτῶν. οἱ δὲ περιεόντες ἰθὺ Βοιωτῶν ἔφευγον. ἔλεγον δὲ οἱ ἀπονοστήσαντες οὗτοι τῶν βαρβάρων, ὡς ἐγὼ πυνθάνομαι, ὡς πρὸς τούτοισι καὶ ἄλλα ὥρων θεῖα· δύο γὰρ ὁπλίτας μέζονας ἢ κατʼ ἀνθρώπων φύσιν ἔχοντας ἕπεσθαί σφι κτείνοντας καὶ διώκοντας. 8.39. τούτους δὲ τοὺς δύο Δελφοὶ λέγουσι εἶναι ἐπιχωρίους ἥρωας, Φύλακόν τε καὶ Αὐτόνοον, τῶν τὰ τεμένεα ἐστὶ περὶ τὸ ἱρόν, Φυλάκου μὲν παρʼ αὐτὴν τὴν ὁδὸν κατύπερθε τοῦ ἱροῦ τῆς Προναίης, Αὐτονόου δὲ πέλας τῆς Κασταλίης ὑπὸ τῇ Ὑαμπείῃ κορυφῇ. οἱ δὲ πεσόντες ἀπὸ τοῦ Παρνησοῦ λίθοι ἔτι καὶ ἐς ἡμέας ἦσαν σόοι, ἐν τῷ τεμένεϊ τῆς Προναίης Ἀθηναίης κείμενοι, ἐς τὸ ἐνέσκηψαν διὰ τῶν βαρβάρων φερόμενοι. τούτων μέν νυν τῶν ἀνδρῶν αὕτη ἀπὸ τοῦ ἱροῦ ἀπαλλαγὴ γίνεται.''. None
4.15. Such is the tale told in these two towns. But this, I know, happened to the Metapontines in Italy, two hundred and forty years after the second disappearance of Aristeas, as reckoning made at Proconnesus and Metapontum shows me: ,Aristeas, so the Metapontines say, appeared in their country and told them to set up an altar to Apollo, and set beside it a statue bearing the name of Aristeas the Proconnesian; for, he said, Apollo had come to their country alone of all Italian lands, and he—the man who was now Aristeas, but then when he followed the god had been a crow—had come with him. ,After saying this, he vanished. The Metapontines, so they say, sent to Delphi and asked the god what the vision of the man could mean; and the Pythian priestess told them to obey the vision, saying that their fortune would be better. ,They did as instructed. And now there stands beside the image of Apollo a statue bearing the name of Aristeas; a grove of bay-trees surrounds it; the image is set in the marketplace. Let it suffice that I have said this much about Aristeas.
8.38. All of this together struck panic into the barbarians, and the Delphians, perceiving that they fled, descended upon them and killed a great number. The survivors fled straight to Boeotia. Those of the barbarians who returned said (as I have been told) that they had seen other divine signs besides what I have just described: two men-at-arms of stature greater than human,they said, had come after them, slaying and pursuing. ' "8.39. These two, say the Delphians, were the native heroes Phylacus and Autonous, whose precincts are near the temple, Phylacus' by the road itself above the shrine of Athena Pronaea, and Autonous' near the Castalian spring, under the Hyarapean Peak. ,The rocks that fell from Parnassus were yet to be seen in my day, lying in the precinct of Athena Pronaea, from where their descent through the foreigners' ranks had hurled them. Such, then, was the manner of those men's departure from the temple. "'. None
7. None, None, nan (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Plutarch, on Pausaniass ghost • ghost, statue and • statues, and ghosts

 Found in books: Eidinow (2007) 279; Steiner (2001) 7


8. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.15.3, 1.32.3-1.32.4, 6.6.8, 9.38.5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Plutarch, on Pausaniass ghost • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants • ghost, embodied • ghost-banning rituals • ghosts • ghosts, • statues, and ghosts • statues, role in ghost-banning rituals

 Found in books: Edmonds (2019) 327; Eidinow (2007) 279; Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 402; Ekroth (2013) 21; Gazis and Hooper (2021) 42, 43; Luck (2006) 239, 240; Steiner (2001) 10, 140


1.15.3. τελευταῖον δὲ τῆς γραφῆς εἰσιν οἱ μαχεσάμενοι Μαραθῶνι· Βοιωτῶν δὲ οἱ Πλάταιαν ἔχοντες καὶ ὅσον ἦν Ἀττικὸν ἴασιν ἐς χεῖρας τοῖς βαρβάροις. καὶ ταύτῃ μέν ἐστιν ἴσα τὰ παρʼ ἀμφοτέρων ἐς τὸ ἔργον· τὸ δὲ ἔσω τῆς μάχης φεύγοντές εἰσιν οἱ βάρβαροι καὶ ἐς τὸ ἕλος ὠθοῦντες ἀλλήλους, ἔσχαται δὲ τῆς γραφῆς νῆές τε αἱ Φοίνισσαι καὶ τῶν βαρβάρων τοὺς ἐσπίπτοντας ἐς ταύτας φονεύοντες οἱ Ἕλληνες. ἐνταῦθα καὶ Μαραθὼν γεγραμμένος ἐστὶν ἥρως, ἀφʼ οὗ τὸ πεδίον ὠνόμασται, καὶ Θησεὺς ἀνιόντι ἐκ γῆς εἰκασμένος Ἀθηνᾶ τε καὶ Ἡρακλῆς· Μαραθωνίοις γάρ, ὡς αὐτοὶ λέγουσιν, Ἡρακλῆς ἐνομίσθη θεὸς πρώτοις. τῶν μαχομένων δὲ δῆλοι μάλιστά εἰσιν ἐν τῇ γραφῇ Καλλίμαχός τε, ὃς Ἀθηναίοις πολεμαρχεῖν ᾕρητο, καὶ Μιλτιάδης τῶν στρατηγούντων, ἥρως τε Ἔχετλος καλούμενος, οὗ καὶ ὕστερον ποιήσομαι μνήμην.
1.32.3. πρὶν δὲ ἢ τῶν νήσων ἐς ἀφήγησιν τραπέσθαι, τὰ ἐς τοὺς δήμους ἔχοντα αὖθις ἐπέξειμι. δῆμός ἐστι Μαραθὼν ἴσον τῆς πόλεως τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἀπέχων καὶ Καρύστου τῆς ἐν Εὐβοίᾳ· ταύτῃ τῆς Ἀττικῆς ἔσχον οἱ βάρβαροι καὶ μάχῃ τε ἐκρατήθησαν καί τινας ὡς ἀνήγοντο ἀπώλεσαν τῶν νεῶν. τάφος δὲ ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ Ἀθηναίων ἐστίν, ἐπὶ δὲ αὐτῷ στῆλαι τὰ ὀνόματα τῶν ἀποθανόντων κατὰ φυλὰς ἑκάστων ἔχουσαι, καὶ ἕτερος Πλαταιεῦσι Βοιωτῶν καὶ δούλοις· ἐμαχέσαντο γὰρ καὶ δοῦλοι τότε πρῶτον. 1.32.4. καὶ ἀνδρός ἐστιν ἰδίᾳ μνῆμα Μιλτιάδου τοῦ Κίμωνος, συμβάσης ὕστερόν οἱ τῆς τελευτῆς Πάρου τε ἁμαρτόντι καὶ διʼ αὐτὸ ἐς κρίσιν Ἀθηναίοις καταστάντι. ἐνταῦθα ἀνὰ πᾶσαν νύκτα καὶ ἵππων χρεμετιζόντων καὶ ἀνδρῶν μαχομένων ἔστιν αἰσθέσθαι· καταστῆναι δὲ ἐς ἐναργῆ θέαν ἐπίτηδες μὲν οὐκ ἔστιν ὅτῳ συνήνεγκεν, ἀνηκόῳ δὲ ὄντι καὶ ἄλλως συμβὰν οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ τῶν δαιμόνων ὀργή. σέβονται δὲ οἱ Μαραθώνιοι τούτους τε οἳ παρὰ τὴν μάχην ἀπέθανον ἥρωας ὀνομάζοντες καὶ Μαραθῶνα ἀφʼ οὗ τῷ δήμῳ τὸ ὄνομά ἐστι καὶ Ἡρακλέα, φάμενοι πρώτοις Ἑλλήνων σφίσιν Ἡρακλέα θεὸν νομισθῆναι.
6.6.8. Ὀδυσσέα μὲν δὴ ἐν οὐδενὶ λόγῳ θέμενον αὐτοῦ τὴν ἀπώλειαν ἀποπλέοντα οἴχεσθαι, τοῦ καταλευσθέντος δὲ ἀνθρώπου τὸν δαίμονα οὐδένα ἀνιέναι καιρὸν ἀποκτείνοντά τε ὁμοίως τοὺς ἐν τῇ Τεμέσῃ καὶ ἐπεξερχόμενον ἐπὶ πᾶσαν ἡλικίαν, ἐς ὃ ἡ Πυθία τὸ παράπαν ἐξ Ἰταλίας ὡρμημένους φεύγειν Τεμέσαν μὲν ἐκλιπεῖν οὐκ εἴα, τὸν δὲ Ἥρω σφᾶς ἐκέλευσεν ἱλάσκεσθαι τέμενός τε ἀποτεμομένους οἰκοδομήσασθαι ναόν, διδόναι δὲ κατὰ ἔτος αὐτῷ γυναῖκα τῶν ἐν Τεμέσῃ παρθένων τὴν καλλίστην.
9.38.5. περὶ δὲ Ἀκταίωνος λεγόμενα ἦν Ὀρχομενίοις λυμαίνεσθαι τὴν γῆν πέτρας ἔχον εἴδωλον· ὡς δὲ ἐχρῶντο ἐν Δελφοῖς, κελεύει σφίσιν ὁ θεὸς ἀνευρόντας εἴ τι ἦν Ἀκταίωνος λοιπὸν κρύψαι γῇ, κελεύει δὲ καὶ τοῦ εἰδώλου χαλκῆν ποιησαμένους εἰκόνα πρὸς πέτρᾳ σιδήρῳ δῆσαι. τοῦτο καὶ αὐτὸς δεδεμένον τὸ ἄγαλμα εἶδον· καὶ τῷ Ἀκταίωνι ἐναγίζουσιν ἀνὰ πᾶν ἔτος.''. None
1.15.3. At the end of the painting are those who fought at Marathon; the Boeotians of Plataea and the Attic contingent are coming to blows with the foreigners. In this place neither side has the better, but the center of the fighting shows the foreigners in flight and pushing one another into the morass, while at the end of the painting are the Phoenician ships, and the Greeks killing the foreigners who are scrambling into them. Here is also a portrait of the hero Marathon, after whom the plain is named, of Theseus represented as coming up from the under-world, of Athena and of Heracles. The Marathonians, according to their own account, were the first to regard Heracles as a god. of the fighters the most conspicuous figures in the painting are Callimachus, who had been elected commander-in-chief by the Athenians, Miltiades, one of the generals, and a hero called Echetlus, of whom I shall make mention later.
1.32.3. Before turning to a description of the islands, I must again proceed with my account of the parishes. There is a parish called Marathon, equally distant from Athens and Carystus in Euboea . It was at this point in Attica that the foreigners landed, were defeated in battle, and lost some of their vessels as they were putting off from the land. 490 B.C. On the plain is the grave of the Athenians, and upon it are slabs giving the names of the killed according to their tribes; and there is another grave for the Boeotian Plataeans and for the slaves, for slaves fought then for the first time by the side of their masters. 1.32.4. here is also a separate monument to one man, Miltiades, the son of Cimon, although his end came later, after he had failed to take Paros and for this reason had been brought to trial by the Athenians. At Marathon every night you can hear horses neighing and men fighting. No one who has expressly set himself to behold this vision has ever got any good from it, but the spirits are not wroth with such as in ignorance chance to be spectators. The Marathonians worship both those who died in the fighting, calling them heroes, and secondly Marathon, from whom the parish derives its name, and then Heracles, saying that they were the first among the Greeks to acknowledge him as a god.
6.6.8. Now Odysseus, it is said, cared nothing about his loss and sailed away. But the ghost of the stoned man never ceased killing without distinction the people of Temesa, attacking both old and young, until, when the inhabitants had resolved to flee from Italy for good, the Pythian priestess forbad them to leave Temesa, and ordered them to propitiate the Hero, setting him a sanctuary apart and building a temple, and to give him every year as wife the fairest maiden in Temesa.
9.38.5. About Actaeon the Orchomenians had the following story. A ghost, they say, carrying a rock With the proposed emendation “was running about and ravaging.” was ravaging the land. When they inquired at Delphi, the god bade them discover the remains of Actaeon and bury them in the earth. He also bade them make a bronze likeness of the ghost and fasten it to a rock with iron. I have myself seen this image thus fastened. They also sacrifice every year to Actaeon as to a hero.''. None
9. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghosts • Philopseudes, theories about ghosts • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants

 Found in books: Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 409; Fowler (2014) 51; Mheallaigh (2014) 91, 92


10. None, None, nan (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Ghosts • death and the afterlife, ghosts/restless spirits/revenants • ghosts and divination • ghosts,

 Found in books: Edmonds (2019) 212; Eidinow and Kindt (2015) 141, 142; Fowler (2014) 51; Johnston (2008) 171, 172, 173, 174





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