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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Plutarch, Oracles At Delphi No Longer Given In Verse, 408c

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

3 results
1. Herodotus, Histories, 4.155, 5.67 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.155. There Polymnestus, a notable Theraean, took Phronime and made her his concubine. In time, a son of weak and stammering speech was born to him, to whom he gave the name Battus, as the Theraeans and Cyrenaeans say; but in my opinion the boy was given some other name, ,and changed it to Battus on his coming to Libya, taking this new name because of the oracle given to him at Delphi and the honorable office which he received. For the Libyan word for king is “Battus,” and this (I believe) is why the Pythian priestess called him so in her prophecy, using a Libyan name because she knew that he was to be king in Libya. ,For when he grew to adulthood, he went to Delphi to inquire about his voice; and the priestess in answer gave him this: quote type="oracle" l met="dact"“Battus, you have come for a voice; but Lord Phoebus Apollo /l lSends you to found a city in Libya, nurse of sheep,” /l /quote just as if she addressed him using the Greek word for “king,” “Basileus, you have come for a voice,” et cetera. ,But he answered: “Lord, I came to you to ask about my speech; but you talk of other matters, things impossible to do; you tell me to plant a colony in Libya; where shall I get the power or strength of hand for it?” Battus spoke thus, but as the god would not give him another oracle and kept answering as before, he departed while the priestess was still speaking, and went away to Thera. 5.67. In doing this, to my thinking, this Cleisthenes was imitating his own mother's father, Cleisthenes the tyrant of Sicyon, for Cleisthenes, after going to war with the Argives, made an end of minstrels' contests at Sicyon by reason of the Homeric poems, in which it is the Argives and Argos which are primarily the theme of the songs. Furthermore, he conceived the desire to cast out from the land Adrastus son of Talaus, the hero whose shrine stood then as now in the very marketplace of Sicyon because he was an Argive. ,He went then to Delphi, and asked the oracle if he should cast Adrastus out, but the priestess said in response: “Adrastus is king of Sicyon, and you but a stone thrower.” When the god would not permit him to do as he wished in this matter, he returned home and attempted to devise some plan which might rid him of Adrastus. When he thought he had found one, he sent to Boeotian Thebes saying that he would gladly bring Melanippus son of Astacus into his country, and the Thebans handed him over. ,When Cleisthenes had brought him in, he consecrated a sanctuary for him in the government house itself, where he was established in the greatest possible security. Now the reason why Cleisthenes brought in Melanippus, a thing which I must relate, was that Melanippus was Adrastus' deadliest enemy, for Adrastus had slain his brother Mecisteus and his son-in-law Tydeus. ,Having then designated the precinct for him, Cleisthenes took away all Adrastus' sacrifices and festivals and gave them to Melanippus. The Sicyonians had been accustomed to pay very great honor to Adrastus because the country had once belonged to Polybus, his maternal grandfather, who died without an heir and bequeathed the kingship to him. ,Besides other honors paid to Adrastus by the Sicyonians, they celebrated his lamentable fate with tragic choruses in honor not of Dionysus but of Adrastus. Cleisthenes, however, gave the choruses back to Dionysus and the rest of the worship to Melanippus.
2. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3. Demosthenes, Orations, 21.51, 43.66

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aigeus of athens Eidinow (2007) 266
aipytos,king Eidinow (2007) 266
akrisios,king of argos Eidinow (2007) 266
alkmaion Eidinow (2007) 266
ammonius Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
amphictyons,amphictyony Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
apollo Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
aratus Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
archon,archonship Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
charikles Eidinow (2007) 266
debate Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
deinomenes of syrakuse Eidinow (2007) 266
delphi Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
dialogue Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
diogenes of sinope Eidinow (2007) 266
domitian Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
epimeletes Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
erginos,king of orchomenos Eidinow (2007) 266
euadne Eidinow (2007) 266
fontenrose,j. Eidinow (2007) 266
games,pythian Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
hieromnemon Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
homer Eidinow (2007) 266
kephalos Eidinow (2007) 266
laios,king of thebes Eidinow (2007) 266
leuktra,battle of (,leviticus,oracles in Eidinow (2007) 259
menelaos Eidinow (2007) 266
military campaigns,douglas,mary' Eidinow (2007) 259
nepos Eidinow (2007) 266
nero Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
oidipous Eidinow (2007) 266
oracle Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
priest Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
procession Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
pythia,priestess Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
ritual Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
rome,city Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
sacrifice Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
sanctuary Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
telephos Eidinow (2007) 266
titus,emperor Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
trajan Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
visitor Athanassaki and Titchener (2022) 48
xuthos of athens Eidinow (2007) 266