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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Plutarch, Oracles At Delphi No Longer Given In Verse, 407c

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

4 results
1. Herodotus, Histories, 1.53.3, 1.157, 6.66, 6.76.1 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.53.3. Such was their inquiry; and the judgment given to Croesus by each of the two oracles was the same: namely, that if he should send an army against the Persians he would destroy a great empire. And they advised him to discover the mightiest of the Greeks and make them his friends. 1.157. After giving these commands on his journey, he marched away into the Persian country. But Pactyes, learning that an army sent against him was approaching, was frightened and fled to Cyme . ,Mazares the Mede, when he came to Sardis with the part that he had of Cyrus' host and found Pactyes' followers no longer there, first of all compelled the Lydians to carry out Cyrus' commands; and by his order they changed their whole way of life. ,After this, he sent messengers to Cyme demanding that Pactyes be surrendered. The Cymaeans resolved to make the god at Branchidae their judge as to what course they should take; for there was an ancient place of divination there, which all the Ionians and Aeolians used to consult; the place is in the land of Miletus, above the harbor of Panormus . 6.66. Disputes arose over it, so the Spartans resolved to ask the oracle at Delphi if Demaratus was the son of Ariston. ,At Cleomenes' instigation this was revealed to the Pythia. He had won over a man of great influence among the Delphians, Cobon son of Aristophantus, and Cobon persuaded the priestess, Periallus, to say what Cleomenes wanted her to. ,When the ambassadors asked if Demaratus was the son of Ariston, the Pythia gave judgment that he was not. All this came to light later; Cobon was exiled from Delphi, and Periallus was deposed from her position. 6.76.1. As Cleomenes was seeking divination at Delphi, the oracle responded that he would take Argos. When he came with Spartans to the river Erasinus, which is said to flow from the Stymphalian lake (this lake issues into a cleft out of sight and reappears at Argos, and from that place onwards the stream is called by the Argives Erasinus)—when Cleomenes came to this river he offered sacrifices to it.
2. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.25.1, 1.118.3 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.25.1. When the Epidamnians found that no help could be expected from Corcyra, they were in a strait what to do next. So they sent to Delphi and inquired of the god, whether they should deliver their city to the Corinthians, and endeavor to obtain some assistance from their founders. The answer he gave them was to deliver the city, and place themselves under Corinthian protection. 1.118.3. And though the Lacedaemonians had made up their own minds on the fact of the breach of the treaty and the guilt of the Athenians, yet they sent to Delphi and inquired of the god whether it would be well with them if they went to war; and, as it is reported, received from him the answer that if they put their whole strength into the war, victory would be theirs, and the promise that he himself would be with them, whether invoked or uninvoked.
3. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 16.26.6 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

16.26.6.  It is said that in ancient times virgins delivered the oracles because virgins have their natural innocence intact and are in the same case as Artemis; for indeed virgins were alleged to be well suited to guard the secrecy of disclosures made by oracles. In more recent times, however, people say that Echecrates the Thessalian, having arrived at the shrine and beheld the virgin who uttered the oracle, became enamoured of her because of her beauty, carried her away with him and violated her; and that the Delphians because of this deplorable occurrence passed a law that in future a virgin should no longer prophesy but that an elderly woman of fifty should declare the oracles and that she should be dressed in the costume of a virgin, as a sort of reminder of the prophetess of olden times. Such are the details of the legend regarding the discovery of the oracle; and now we shall turn to the activities of olden times.
4. Strabo, Geography, 9.3.5

9.3.5. They say that the seat of the oracle is a cave that is hollowed out deep down in the earth, with a rather narrow mouth, from which arises breath that inspires a divine frenzy; and that over the mouth is placed a high tripod, mounting which the Pythian priestess receives the breath and then utters oracles in both verse and prose, though the latter too are put into verse by poets who are in the service of the sanctuary. They say that the first to become Pythian priestess was Phemonoe; and that both the prophetess and the city were so called from the word pythesthai, though the first syllable was lengthened, as in athanatos, akamatos, and diakonos. Now the following is the idea which leads to the founding of cities and to the holding of common sanctuaries in high esteem: men came together by cities and by tribes, because they naturally tend to hold things in common, and at the same time because of their need of one another; and they met at the sacred places that were common to them for the same reasons, holding festivals and general assemblies; for everything of this kind tends to friendship, beginning with eating at the same table, drinking libations together, and lodging under the same roof; and the greater the number of the sojourners and the greater the number of the places whence they came, the greater was thought to be the use of their coming together.

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
apollo,as oracle Eidinow (2007) 260
archigallus Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
avernos,campania Eidinow (2007) 260
bandits Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
burkert,w. Bar Kochba (1997) 65
consecration of roman priests Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
conspiracies Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
criminal-satiric fiction Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
cults Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
cyzicus Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
daulis,king of Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
daulis Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
dea syria Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
delphi Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
disciplina auguralis,greek Bar Kochba (1997) 65
disciplina auguralis,in hellenistic period Bar Kochba (1997) 65
galh Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
great mother Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
iolaos Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
kleisthenes Eidinow (2007) 260
kleomenes of sparta Eidinow (2007) 260
kyme and kymaeans Eidinow (2007) 260
kyros,persian king Eidinow (2007) 260
locn Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
lollianos,ix Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
lucian Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
mater Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
meter Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
mosollamus story,not written by greek Bar Kochba (1997) 65
oaths Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
oracles Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
pactyes the lydian Eidinow (2007) 260
periallas,pythian prophetess Eidinow (2007) 260
plutarch,on poetic diction Eidinow (2007) 260
priests Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
prophets Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
pythia Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386
riddles' Eidinow (2007) 260
ritual Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
roman priests Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
sarapis Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361
temples Stephens and Winkler (1995) 361, 386
tereus Stephens and Winkler (1995) 386