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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Mishnah, Makhshirin, 6.3

כָּל הַבֵּיצִים בְּחֶזְקַת טָהֳרָה, חוּץ מִשֶּׁל מוֹכְרֵי מַשְׁקֶה. וְאִם הָיוּ מוֹכְרִין עִמָּהֶן פֵּרוֹת יְבֵשִׁים, טְהוֹרוֹת. כָּל הַדָּגִים בְּחֶזְקַת טֻמְאָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, חֲתִיכַת אִלְתִּית וְדָג הַמִּצְרִי הַבָּא בְקֻפָּה וְקוּלְיָס הָאִסְפָּנִין, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ בְחֶזְקַת טָהֳרָה. כָּל הַצִּיר בְּחֶזְקַת טֻמְאָה. וְעַל כֻּלָּם, עַם הָאָרֶץ נֶאֱמָן לוֹמַר טְהוֹרִים הֵן, חוּץ מִשֶּׁל דָּגָה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן מַפְקִידִין אוֹתָהּ אֵצֶל עַם הָאָרֶץ. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן יַעֲקֹב אוֹמֵר, צִיר טָהוֹר שֶׁנָּפַל לְתוֹכוֹ מַיִם כָּל שֶׁהֵן, טָמֵא:All eggs are presumed to be clean except those of sellers of liquids. But if they sold with them dry produce, they are clean. All fish are presumed unclean. Rabbi Judah says: pieces of aylatit and Egyptian fish which arrives in a basket, and Spanish tunny, these may be presumed clean. All kinds of brine may be presumed unclean. Concerning all these an am ha-aretz may be trusted when he declares them to be clean, except in the case of small fish, since they are usually stored with any am ha-aretz. Rabbi Eliezer ben Jacob says: clean brine into which water fell in any quantity must be deemed unclean.

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idolatry,in the mishnah' Schick (2021) 18
tort law,in tannaitic sources Schick (2021) 18
tort law,strict liability Schick (2021) 18