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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Mishnah, Makhshirin, 2.8

מָצָא בָהּ מְצִיאָה, אִם רֹב נָכְרִים, אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְהַכְרִיז. וְאִם רֹב יִשְׂרָאֵל, צָרִיךְ לְהַכְרִיז. מֶחֱצָה לְמֶחֱצָה, צָרִיךְ לְהַכְרִיז. מָצָא בָהּ פַּת, הוֹלְכִין אַחַר רֹב הַנַּחְתּוֹמִין. וְאִם הָיְתָה פַת עִסָּה, הוֹלְכִים אַחַר רֹב אוֹכְלֵי פַת עִסָּה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם הָיְתָה פַת קִבָּר, הוֹלְכִין אַחַר רֹב אוֹכְלֵי פַת קִבָּר:If one found there lost property, If the majority [of the inhabitants] were non-Jews, he need not proclaim it; If the majority were Israelites, he must proclaim it; If they were half and half, he must [also] proclaim it. If one found bread there we must consider who form the majority of the bakers. If it was bread of clean flour, we must consider who form the majority of those who eat bread of pure flour. Rabbi Judah says: if it was coarse bread, we must consider who form the majority of those who eat coarse bread.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 22.9 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

22.9. טוֹב־עַיִן הוּא יְבֹרָךְ כִּי־נָתַן מִלַּחְמוֹ לַדָּל׃ 22.9. He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; For he giveth of his bread to the poor."
2. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 58.7 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

58.7. הֲלוֹא פָרֹס לָרָעֵב לַחְמֶךָ וַעֲנִיִּים מְרוּדִים תָּבִיא בָיִת כִּי־תִרְאֶה עָרֹם וְכִסִּיתוֹ וּמִבְּשָׂרְךָ לֹא תִתְעַלָּם׃ 58.7. Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, And that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? When thou seest the naked, that thou cover him, And that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?"
3. Mishnah, Avodah Zarah, 1.1, 2.5 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.1. On the three days preceding the festivals of idolaters, it is forbidden to conduct business with them, to lend articles to them or borrow from them, to lend or borrow any money from them, to repay a debt, or receive repayment from them. Rabbi Judah says: we should receive repayment from them, as this can only depress them; But they [the Rabbis] said to him: even though it is depressing at the time, they are glad of it subsequently." 2.5. Rabbi Judah said: Rabbi Ishmael put this question to Rabbi Joshua as they were walking on the way, “Why have they forbidden the cheese of non-Jews?” He replied, because they curdle it with the rennet of a nevelah (an animal that was not properly slaughtered.” He (Rabbi Ishmael) said: “but is not the rennet of a burnt-offering more strictly forbidden than the rennet of a nevelah? [and yet] it was said that a priest who is not fastidious may suck it out raw.” (Though the Sages disagreed with this opinion, and they said that no benefit may be derived from it, although one who consumed it did not trespass [temple property). Rabbi Joshua responded: “The reason then is because they curdle it with the rennet from calves sacrificed to idols.” He (Rabbi Ishmael) said to him: “if that be so, why do they not extend the prohibition to any benefit derived from it?” He (Rabbi Joshua) diverted him to another matter, saying: “Ishmael, how do you read for your [masc.] love is more delightful than wine” or “your [fem.] love etc. (Song of Songs 1:2” He replied: “your [fem.] love is better …” He said to him: this is not so, as it is proved by its fellow [-verse]: your ointments [masc.] have a goodly fragrance … [therefore do the maidens love you] (Song of Songs 1:3).”"
4. Mishnah, Shekalim, 7.6 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.6. Rabbi Shimon said: there were seven things that the court decree and that was one of them. [The others were the following:]A non-Jew who sent a burnt-offering from overseas and he sent with it its libation-offerings, they are offered out of his own; But if [he did] not [send its libation-offerings], they should be offered out of public funds. So too [in the case of] a convert who had died and left sacrifices, if he had also left its libation-offerings they are offered out of his own; But if not, they should be offered out of public funds. It was also a condition laid down by the court in the case of a high priest who had died that his minhah should be offered out of public funds. Rabbi Judah says: [it was offered out] of the property of his heirs, And had to be offered of the whole [tenth]."
5. Tosefta, Peah, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abandoned child Porton (1988) 19, 154
aborted fetuses Porton (1988) 16
abraham (abram) Porton (1988) 233
agricultural matters Porton (1988) 19
albeck,h. Porton (1988) 16, 18
aqiba Porton (1988) 115, 150
avi-yonah,m. Porton (1988) 15
barber Porton (1988) 154
bath-house Porton (1988) 16, 18, 154, 233
ben bathyra Porton (1988) 150
bread,from quppa Gardner (2015) 116
bread,of the poor Gardner (2015) 116
bread Porton (1988) 154
brooks,r. Porton (1988) 120
burial Porton (1988) 16
buying and/or selling Porton (1988) 154, 233
canaanite slaves Porton (1988) 154
charity supervisors Gardner (2015) 116
cheese Porton (1988) 154
children Porton (1988) 19
circumcision Porton (1988) 233
city/town Porton (1988) 16, 18, 19, 120, 233
collection,restorative Gardner (2015) 116
corpse(-uncleanness) Porton (1988) 16
court Porton (1988) 15
courtyard Porton (1988) 16, 233
damages (injury) Porton (1988) 154
danby,h. Porton (1988) 16, 18
dangerous gentile Porton (1988) 15
demai Porton (1988) 19
dinars Gardner (2015) 116
eliezer Porton (1988) 18, 120
eliezer b. jacob Porton (1988) 150
epstein,j. Porton (1988) 18
food Gardner (2015) 116
legumes Gardner (2015) 116
maah Gardner (2015) 116
money,from quppa Gardner (2015) 116
money Gardner (2015) 116
poor,conjunctural Gardner (2015) 116
poor,wellborn Gardner (2015) 116
quppa,and restorative charity Gardner (2015) 116
quppa,for conjunctural poor Gardner (2015) 116
quppa,provides bread Gardner (2015) 116
quppa,provides money Gardner (2015) 116
semiotics,of bread Gardner (2015) 116
status,and charity' Gardner (2015) 116