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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8000
Mishnah, Bava Qamma, 3.1


יֵשׁ חַיָּב עַל מַעֲשֵׂה שׁוֹרוֹ וּפָטוּר עַל מַעֲשֵׂה עַצְמוֹ, פָּטוּר עַל מַעֲשֵׂה שׁוֹרוֹ וְחַיָּב עַל מַעֲשֵׂה עַצְמוֹ. שׁוֹרוֹ שֶׁבִּיֵּשׁ, פָּטוּר, וְהוּא שֶׁבִּיֵּשׁ, חַיָּב. שׁוֹרוֹ שֶׁסִּמֵּא אֶת עֵין עַבְדּוֹ, וְהִפִּיל אֶת שִׁנּוֹ, פָּטוּר, וְהוּא שֶׁסִּמֵּא אֶת עֵין עַבְדּוֹ, וְהִפִּיל אֶת שִׁנּוֹ, חַיָּב. שׁוֹרוֹ שֶׁחָבַל בְּאָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ, חַיָּב, וְהוּא שֶׁחָבַל בְּאָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ, פָּטוּר. שׁוֹרוֹ שֶׁהִדְלִיק אֶת הַגָּדִישׁ בְּשַׁבָּת, חַיָּב, וְהוּא שֶׁהִדְלִיק אֶת הַגָּדִישׁ בְּשַׁבָּת, פָּטוּר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מִתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ:If a man left a jug in the public domain and another came and stumbled over it and broke it, he is exempt. And if he was injured by it, the owner of the jug is liable for his injury. If a man’s jug broke in the public domain, and another slipped on the water, or was hurt by the potsherds, he is liable. Rabbi Judah says: “If he [broke the jug] with intention, he is liable, But if he broke it without intention he is not liable.”


הַמַּנִּיחַ אֶת הַכַּד בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים וּבָא אַחֵר וְנִתְקַל בָּהּ וּשְׁבָרָהּ, פָּטוּר. וְאִם הֻזַּק בָּהּ, בַּעַל הֶחָבִית חַיָּב בְּנִזְקוֹ. נִשְׁבְּרָה כַדּוֹ בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, וְהֻחְלַק אֶחָד בַּמַּיִם, אוֹ שֶׁלָּקָה בַחֲרָסֶיהָ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, בְּמִתְכַּוֵּן, חַיָּב. בְּאֵינוֹ מִתְכַּוֵּן, פָּטוּר:If a man left a jug in the public domain and another came and stumbled over it and broke it, he is exempt. And if he was injured by it, the owner of the jug is liable for his injury. If a man’s jug broke in the public domain, and another slipped on the water, or was hurt by the potsherds, he is liable. Rabbi Judah says: “If he [broke the jug] with intention, he is liable, But if he broke it without intention he is not liable.”


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albeck Eilberg-Schwartz (1986), The Human Will in Judaism: The Mishnah's Philosophy of Intention, 204
bertinoro Eilberg-Schwartz (1986), The Human Will in Judaism: The Mishnah's Philosophy of Intention, 204
edwards Eilberg-Schwartz (1986), The Human Will in Judaism: The Mishnah's Philosophy of Intention, 204
idolatry,in the mishnah' Schick (2021), Intention in Talmudic Law: Between Thought and Deed, 18
tort law,accidental damages Schick (2021), Intention in Talmudic Law: Between Thought and Deed, 20, 27
tort law,in tannaitic sources Schick (2021), Intention in Talmudic Law: Between Thought and Deed, 18, 20, 27
tort law,negligence Schick (2021), Intention in Talmudic Law: Between Thought and Deed, 20
tort law,strict liability Schick (2021), Intention in Talmudic Law: Between Thought and Deed, 18, 20