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Anaxagoras, Fragments, b4

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1. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 9.34-9.35 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

9.34. 7. DEMOCRITUSDemocritus was the son of Hegesistratus, though some say of Athenocritus, and others again of Damasippus. He was a native of Abdera or, according to some, of Miletus. He was a pupil of certain Magians and Chaldaeans. For when King Xerxes was entertained by the father of Democritus he left men in charge, as, in fact, is stated by Herodotus; and from these men, while still a boy, he learned theology and astronomy. Afterwards he met Leucippus and, according to some, Anaxagoras, being forty years younger than the latter. But Favorinus in his Miscellaneous History tells us that Democritus, speaking of Anaxagoras, declared that his views on the sun and the moon were not original but of great antiquity, and that he had simply stolen them. 9.35. Democritus also pulled to pieces the views of Anaxagoras on cosmogony and on mind, having a spite against him, because Anaxagoras did not take to him. If this be so, how could he have been his pupil, as some suggest?According to Demetrius in his book on Men of the Same Name and Antisthenes in his Successions of Philosophers, he travelled into Egypt to learn geometry from the priests, and he also went into Persia to visit the Chaldaeans as well as to the Red Sea. Some say that he associated with the Gymnosophists in India and went to Aethiopia. Also that, being the third son, he divided the family property. Most authorities will have it that he chose the smaller portion, which was in money, because he had need of this to pay the cost of travel; besides, his brothers were crafty enough to foresee that this would be his choice.

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
anaxagoras,on the unmixed nature of mind Carter (2019) 174
anaxagoras Carter (2019) 174; Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
anaxagoras of clazomenae Horkey (2019) 64
change Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
empedocles Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
intellect (nous) Horkey (2019) 64
not-being Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
parmenides Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
phaedo Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
presocratics Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
simplicius of cilicia Horkey (2019) 64
sophist Ebrey and Kraut (2022) 408
soul (psyche)' Horkey (2019) 64