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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Vergil, Georgics, 1.61-1.63

inposuit natura locis, quo tempore primumThat land the craving farmer's prayer fulfils

Deucalion vacuum lapides iactavit in orbemWhich twice the sunshine, twice the frost has felt;

unde homines nati, durum genus. Ergo age, terraeAy, that's the land whose boundless harvest-crop

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Hesiod, Works And Days, 203-212, 299-301, 202 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

202. Might will be right and shame shall cease to be
2. Pindar, Olympian Odes, 9.43-9.46 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 2.15, 2.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.15. And the fourth and most potent cause of the belief he said was the uniform motion and revolution of the heavens, and the varied groupings and ordered beauty of the sun, moon and stars, the very sight of which was in itself enough to prove that these things are not the mere effect of chance. When a man goes into a house, a wrestling-school or a public assembly and observes in all that goes on arrangement, regularity and system, he cannot possibly suppose that these things come about without a cause: he realizes that there is someone who presides and controls. Far more therefore with the vast movements and phases of the heavenly bodies, and these ordered processes of a multitude of enormous masses of matter, which throughout the countless ages of the infinite past have never in the smallest degree played false, is he compelled to infer that these mighty world-motions are regulated by some Mind. 2.43. moreover the substance employed as food is also believed to have some influence on mental acuteness; it is therefore likely that the stars possess surpassing intelligence, since they inhabit the ethereal region of the world and also are nourished by the moist vapours of sea and earth, rarefied in their passage through the wide intervening space. Again, the consciousness and intelligence of the stars is most clearly evinced by their order and regularity; for regular and rhythmical motion is impossible without design, which contains no trace of casual or accidental variation; now the order and eternal regularity of the constellations indicates neither a process of nature, for it is highly rational, nor chance, for chance loves variation and abhors regularity; it follows therefore that the stars move of their own free-will and because of their intelligence and divinity.
4. Lucretius Carus, On The Nature of Things, 1.1-1.49, 1.75-1.77, 1.107, 1.159-1.214, 1.250-1.264, 1.313-1.314, 1.551-1.598, 1.1021-1.1028, 2.75-2.79, 2.244-2.293, 2.302, 2.333-2.380, 2.443, 2.478-2.521, 2.646-2.652, 2.700-2.719, 2.991-2.1022, 2.1059-2.1062, 2.1116-2.1117, 2.1130, 2.1150-2.1174, 3.31-3.33, 3.416, 3.687, 3.746-3.747, 3.945, 3.1078, 4.26-4.28, 4.489-4.495, 5.56-5.58, 5.82, 5.88-5.90, 5.110-5.125, 5.136, 5.206-5.217, 5.310, 5.389, 5.411-5.415, 5.419-5.431, 5.665, 5.677-5.679, 5.731-5.750, 5.780, 5.791-5.792, 5.795-5.798, 5.826-5.836, 5.923-5.926, 5.1058, 5.1213, 5.1233-5.1235, 5.1252-5.1257, 5.1430-5.1433, 5.1436-5.1439, 5.1457, 6.25, 6.58-6.66, 6.96-6.422, 6.535-6.607, 6.616-6.622, 6.639-6.711, 6.906-6.907, 6.1090-6.1097, 6.1117-6.1124, 6.1132 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Juvenal, Satires, 7.197-7.198 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Epicurus, Letter To Herodotus, 77

7. Epicurus, Letters, 116, 86-88, 115

8. Epicurus, Letters, 116, 86-88, 115

9. Vergil, Georgics, 1.47, 1.50-1.52, 1.60, 1.62-1.63, 1.74, 1.84-1.95, 1.100, 1.106, 1.113, 1.118-1.148, 1.150-1.160, 1.163, 1.168, 1.176-1.186, 1.197-1.203, 1.218, 1.229, 1.233-1.249, 1.257, 1.276-1.283, 1.291-1.294, 1.299, 1.316-1.334, 1.338, 1.351, 1.353, 1.415-1.423, 1.439, 1.466, 1.468, 1.470-1.471, 1.475, 1.487, 2.323-2.345, 2.455, 3.89-3.94, 3.115-3.117, 3.152-3.153, 3.258-3.263, 3.267-3.268, 3.272, 3.391-3.393, 3.549-3.550, 4.149-4.152

1.47. For neither Tartarus hopes to call thee king 1.50. Elysium's fields, and Proserpine not heed 1.51. Her mother's voice entreating to return— 1.52. Vouchsafe a prosperous voyage, and smile on thi 1.60. And teach the furrow-burnished share to shine. 1.62. Which twice the sunshine, twice the frost has felt; 1.63. Ay, that's the land whose boundless harvest-crop 1.74. Iron from the naked Chalybs, castor rank 1.84. By the ripe suns of summer; but if the earth 1.85. Less fruitful just ere Arcturus rise 1.86. With shallower trench uptilt it—'twill suffice; 1.87. There, lest weeds choke the crop's luxuriance, here 1.88. Lest the scant moisture fail the barren sand. 1.89. Then thou shalt suffer in alternate year 1.90. The new-reaped fields to rest, and on the plain 1.91. A crust of sloth to harden; or, when star 1.92. Are changed in heaven, there sow the golden grain 1.93. Where erst, luxuriant with its quivering pod 1.94. Pulse, or the slender vetch-crop, thou hast cleared 1.95. And lupin sour, whose brittle stalks arise 1.100. With refuse rich to soak the thirsty soil 1.106. Whether that earth therefrom some hidden strength 1.113. The gaping veins, lest penetrating showers 1.118. Hales o'er them; from the far Olympian height 1.119. Him golden Ceres not in vain regards; 1.120. And he, who having ploughed the fallow plain 1.121. And heaved its furrowy ridges, turns once more 1.122. Cross-wise his shattering share, with stroke on stroke 1.123. The earth assails, and makes the field his thrall. 1.124. Pray for wet summers and for winters fine 1.125. Ye husbandmen; in winter's dust the crop 1.126. Exceedingly rejoice, the field hath joy; 1.127. No tilth makes placeName key= 1.128. Nor Gargarus his own harvests so admire. 1.129. Why tell of him, who, having launched his seed 1.130. Sets on for close encounter, and rakes smooth 1.131. The dry dust hillocks, then on the tender corn 1.132. Lets in the flood, whose waters follow fain; 1.133. And when the parched field quivers, and all the blade 1.134. Are dying, from the brow of its hill-bed 1.135. See! see! he lures the runnel; down it falls 1.136. Waking hoarse murmurs o'er the polished stones 1.137. And with its bubblings slakes the thirsty fields? 1.138. Or why of him, who lest the heavy ear 1.139. O'erweigh the stalk, while yet in tender blade 1.140. Feeds down the crop's luxuriance, when its growth 1.141. First tops the furrows? Why of him who drain 1.142. The marsh-land's gathered ooze through soaking sand 1.143. Chiefly what time in treacherous moons a stream 1.144. Goes out in spate, and with its coat of slime 1.145. Holds all the country, whence the hollow dyke 1.146. Sweat steaming vapour? 1.147. But no whit the more 1.148. For all expedients tried and travail borne 1.150. Do greedy goose and Strymon-haunting crane 1.151. And succory's bitter fibres cease to harm 1.152. Or shade not injure. The great Sire himself 1.153. No easy road to husbandry assigned 1.154. And first was he by human skill to rouse 1.155. The slumbering glebe, whetting the minds of men 1.156. With care on care, nor suffering realm of hi 1.157. In drowsy sloth to stagnate. Before Jove 1.158. Fields knew no taming hand of husbandmen; 1.159. To mark the plain or mete with boundary-line— 1.160. Even this was impious; for the common stock 1.163. He to black serpents gave their venom-bane 1.168. Might forge the various arts, with furrow's help 1.176. And hem with hounds the mighty forest-glades. 1.177. Soon one with hand-net scourges the broad stream 1.178. Probing its depths, one drags his dripping toil 1.179. Along the main; then iron's unbending might 1.180. And shrieking saw-blade,—for the men of old 1.181. With wedges wont to cleave the splintering log;— 1.182. Then divers arts arose; toil conquered all 1.183. Remorseless toil, and poverty's shrewd push 1.184. In times of hardship. Ceres was the first 1.185. Set mortals on with tools to turn the sod 1.186. When now the awful groves 'gan fail to bear 1.197. Prune with thy hook the dark field's matted shade 1.198. Pray down the showers, all vainly thou shalt eye 1.199. Alack! thy neighbour's heaped-up harvest-mow 1.200. And in the greenwood from a shaken oak 1.201. Seek solace for thine hunger. 1.202. Now to tell 1.203. The sturdy rustics' weapons, what they are 1.218. And share-beam with its double back they fix. 1.229. Lest weeds arise, or dust a passage win 1.233. Or burrow for their bed the purblind moles 1.234. Or toad is found in hollows, and all the swarm 1.235. of earth's unsightly creatures; or a huge 1.236. Corn-heap the weevil plunders, and the ant 1.237. Fearful of coming age and penury. 1.238. Mark too, what time the walnut in the wood 1.239. With ample bloom shall clothe her, and bow down 1.240. Her odorous branches, if the fruit prevail 1.241. Like store of grain will follow, and there shall come 1.242. A mighty winnowing-time with mighty heat; 1.243. But if the shade with wealth of leaves abound 1.244. Vainly your threshing-floor will bruise the stalk 1.245. Rich but in chaff. Many myself have seen 1.246. Steep, as they sow, their pulse-seeds, drenching them 1.247. With nitre and black oil-lees, that the fruit 1.248. Might swell within the treacherous pods, and they 1.249. Make speed to boil at howso small a fire. 1.257. His arms to slacken, lo! with headlong force 1.276. Opens the year, before whose threatening front 1.277. Routed the dog-star sinks. But if it be 1.278. For wheaten harvest and the hardy spelt 1.279. Thou tax the soil, to corn-ears wholly given 1.280. Let Atlas' daughters hide them in the dawn 1.281. The Cretan star, a crown of fire, depart 1.282. Or e'er the furrow's claim of seed thou quit 1.283. Or haste thee to entrust the whole year's hope 1.291. Pursue thy sowing till half the frosts be done. 1.292. Therefore it is the golden sun, his course 1.293. Into fixed parts dividing, rules his way 1.294. Through the twelve constellations of the world. 1.299. And black with scowling storm-clouds, and betwixt 1.316. And when the first breath of his panting steed 1.317. On us the Orient flings, that hour with them 1.318. Red Vesper 'gins to trim his 'lated fires. 1.319. Hence under doubtful skies forebode we can 1.320. The coming tempests, hence both harvest-day 1.321. And seed-time, when to smite the treacherous main 1.322. With driving oars, when launch the fair-rigged fleet 1.323. Or in ripe hour to fell the forest-pine. 1.324. Hence, too, not idly do we watch the stars— 1.325. Their rising and their setting-and the year 1.326. Four varying seasons to one law conformed. 1.327. If chilly showers e'er shut the farmer's door 1.328. Much that had soon with sunshine cried for haste 1.329. He may forestall; the ploughman batters keen 1.330. His blunted share's hard tooth, scoops from a tree 1.331. His troughs, or on the cattle stamps a brand 1.332. Or numbers on the corn-heaps; some make sharp 1.333. The stakes and two-pronged forks, and willow-band 1.334. Amerian for the bending vine prepare. 1.338. Nay even on holy days some tasks to ply 1.351. Coeus, Iapetus, and Typhoeus fell 1.353. The gates of heaven; thrice, sooth to say, they strove 1.415. Wields with red hand the levin; through all her bulk 1.416. Earth at the hurly quakes; the beasts are fled 1.417. And mortal hearts of every kindred sunk 1.418. In cowering terror; he with flaming brand 1.419. Athos , or Rhodope, or Ceraunian crag 1.420. Precipitates: then doubly raves the South 1.421. With shower on blinding shower, and woods and coast 1.422. Wail fitfully beneath the mighty blast. 1.423. This fearing, mark the months and Signs of heaven 1.439. Attend it, and with shouts bid Ceres come 1.466. Or light chaff flit in air with fallen leaves 1.468. But when from regions of the furious North 1.470. of Eurus and of Zephyr, all the field 1.471. With brimming dikes are flooded, and at sea 1.475. Flee to the vales before it, with face 1.487. Cayster, as in eager rivalry 2.323. A glance will serve to warn thee which is black 2.324. Or what the hue of any. But hard it i 2.325. To track the signs of that pernicious cold: 2.326. Pines only, noxious yews, and ivies dark 2.327. At times reveal its traces. 2.328. All these rule 2.329. Regarding, let your land, ay, long before 2.330. Scorch to the quick, and into trenches carve 2.331. The mighty mountains, and their upturned clod 2.332. Bare to the north wind, ere thou plant therein 2.333. The vine's prolific kindred. Fields whose soil 2.334. Is crumbling are the best: winds look to that 2.335. And bitter hoar-frosts, and the delver's toil 2.336. Untiring, as he stirs the loosened glebe. 2.337. But those, whose vigilance no care escapes 2.338. Search for a kindred site, where first to rear 2.339. A nursery for the trees, and eke whereto 2.340. Soon to translate them, lest the sudden shock 2.341. From their new mother the young plants estrange. 2.342. Nay, even the quarter of the sky they brand 2.343. Upon the bark, that each may be restored 2.344. As erst it stood, here bore the southern heats 2.345. Here turned its shoulder to the northern pole; 2.455. From story up to story. 3.89. Renew them still; with yearly choice of young 3.90. Preventing losses, lest too late thou rue. 3.91. Nor steeds crave less selection; but on those 3.92. Thou think'st to rear, the promise of their line 3.93. From earliest youth thy chiefest pains bestow. 3.94. See from the first yon high-bred colt afield 3.115. The heights of 3.116. Even him, when sore disease or sluggish eld 3.117. Now saps his strength, pen fast at home, and spare 3.152. To plump with solid fat the chosen chief 3.153. And designated husband of the herd: 3.258. Whether on steed or steer thy choice be set. 3.259. Ay, therefore 'tis they banish bulls afar 3.260. To solitary pastures, or behind 3.261. Some mountain-barrier, or broad streams beyond 3.262. Or else in plenteous stalls pen fast at home. 3.263. For, even through sight of her, the female waste 3.267. To battle for the conquest horn to horn. 3.268. In Sila's forest feeds the heifer fair 3.272. With mighty groaning; all the forest-side 3.391. Sends either flock to pasture in the glades 3.392. Soon as the day-star shineth, hie we then 3.393. To the cool meadows, while the dawn is young 3.549. Aye, and when inward to the bleater's bone 3.550. The pain hath sunk and rages, and their limb 4.149. Makes the trim garden smile; of placeName key= 4.150. Whose roses bloom and fade and bloom again; 4.151. How endives glory in the streams they drink 4.152. And green banks in their parsley, and how the gourd

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adynata Gale (2000) 117, 204, 205
aetiology Gale (2000) 60, 206
aetiology of labor Gale (2000) 16, 59, 71
aetna,mt. Perkell (1989) 160
allusion Gale (2000) 16
amor,in georgics Gale (2000) 71
animals,in lucretius Gale (2000) 204, 206
aratus Gale (2000) 59, 205
aristotle,eth. nic. Agri (2022) 6
aristotle Agri (2022) 6
ataraxia Gale (2000) 203
bacchus Perkell (1989) 176
centaurs Perkell (1989) 176
ceres Gale (2000) 60
cura Gale (2000) 16
deucalion Gale (2000) 60, 71, 117, 205; Perkell (1989) 176
emotions,gender-based view of Agri (2022) 6
fear,and tyranny Agri (2022) 6
georgics ,function of myth in Perkell (1989) 180
georgics ,language of science in Perkell (1989) 160, 176
giants Gale (2000) 204
gods,in lucretius Gale (2000) 59
gods,in the georgics Gale (2000) 59, 60, 71, 117, 206
golden age Gale (2000) 206
hesiod,allusions to Gale (2000) 60
hesiod Gale (2000) 59, 60, 117, 205
hieros gamos Gale (2000) 71, 117
imagery,military Gale (2000) 16
intertextuality Gale (2000) 16, 71
jupiter Gale (2000) 16, 71, 117, 206
labor,in the georgics Gale (2000) 206
labor Gale (2000) 16, 59, 60
lucretius,agriculture in Gale (2000) 206
lucretius,animals in Gale (2000) 204, 206
lucretius,culture-history in Gale (2000) 204
lucretius,gods in Gale (2000) 59
lucretius,laws of nature in Gale (2000) 202, 203, 204, 205, 206
lucretius,mirabilia in Gale (2000) 201
lucretius,natura in Gale (2000) 204
lucretius,on atoms (unseen particles) Perkell (1989) 176
lucretius,on irregular occurrences Perkell (1989) 160
mirabilia,in lucretius Gale (2000) 201
monsters Gale (2000) 204
myth,in the georgics Gale (2000) 60, 117, 205, 206
natura Gale (2000) 204
paradoxography Gale (2000) 201
personification Gale (2000) 71
pindar Gale (2000) 117
plato Gale (2000) 203
portents,as divine signs Perkell (1989) 160
portents at death of Perkell (1989) 160
praise of spring Gale (2000) 71, 117
primary opposites Perkell (1989) 176
proems,in lucretius Gale (2000) 59
providentialism Gale (2000) 205, 206
religion,in the georgics Gale (2000) 206
remythologization Gale (2000) 117
ross,d. o. Gale (2000) 71
science,language of,for primary opposites Perkell (1989) 176
science,language of,for sign theory Perkell (1989) 160
seneca,thy. Agri (2022) 6
signs,as portents Perkell (1989) 160
stoicism,greek Agri (2022) 6
stoicism,roman Agri (2022) 6
stoicism Gale (2000) 203
storms Gale (2000) 16, 71, 117
suicide,gender moral reasoning Agri (2022) 6
tellus Gale (2000) 71
thomas,r. f. Gale (2000) 71
trees Gale (2000) 204
truth,georgic poet's,expressed in myth,metaphor,and mystery" Perkell (1989) 176, 180
tyrant,effeminate/emasculated Agri (2022) 6
tyrant,feminized/feminization of Agri (2022) 6
tyrant,political impotence Agri (2022) 6
tyrant,psychology of' Agri (2022) 6
venus Gale (2000) 71
virgil,and aratus Gale (2000) 59, 205
virgil,and hesiod Gale (2000) 59, 60, 117, 205
virgil,reception of lucretius Gale (2000) 201
weather signs Gale (2000) 59, 206
zoogony Gale (2000) 71