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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



11092
Vergil, Aeneis, 2.3-2.13


Sed si tantus amor casus cognoscere nostrosor Myrmidon, or gory follower


et breviter Troiae supremum audire laboremof grim Ulysses could the tears restrain?


quamquam animus meminisse horret, luctuque refugit'T is evening; lo! the dews of night begin


incipiam.to fall from heaven, and yonder sinking stars


Infandum, regina, iubes renovare doloremFather Aeneas with these words began :—


Troianas ut opes et lamentabile regnumA grief unspeakable thy gracious word


eruerint Danai; quaeque ipse miserrima vidio sovereign lady, bids my heart live o'er:


et quorum pars magna fui. Quis talia fandohow Asia 's glory and afflicted throne


Myrmidonum Dolopumve aut duri miles Ulixithe Greek flung down; which woeful scene I saw


temperet a lacrimis? Et iam nox umida caeloand bore great part in each event I tell.


praecipitat, suadentque cadentia sidera somnos.But O! in telling, what Dolopian churl


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Homer, Odyssey, 9.1-9.15 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2. Aeschylus, Persians, 249-512, 248 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Euripides, Hippolytus, 1215-1218, 1214 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Herodotus, Histories, 6.21.2, 8.75 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6.21.2. The Athenians acted very differently. The Athenians made clear their deep grief for the taking of Miletus in many ways, but especially in this: when Phrynichus wrote a play entitled “The Fall of Miletus” and produced it, the whole theater fell to weeping; they fined Phrynichus a thousand drachmas for bringing to mind a calamity that affected them so personally, and forbade the performance of that play forever. 8.75. When the Peloponnesians were outvoting him, Themistocles secretly left the assembly, and sent a man by boat to the Median fleet after ordering him what to say. His name was Sicinnus, and he was Themistocles' servant and his sons' attendant. Later Themistocles enrolled him as a Thespian, when the Thespians were adopting citizens, and made him wealthy with money. ,He now came by boat and said to the generals of the barbarians, “The Athenian general has sent me without the knowledge of the other Hellenes. He is on the king's side and prefers that your affairs prevail, not the Hellenes'. I am to tell you that the Hellenes are terrified and plan flight, and you can now perform the finest deed of all if you do not allow them to escape. ,They do not all have the same intent, and they will no longer oppose you. Instead you will see them fighting against themselves, those who are on your side against those who are not.” After indicating this to them he departed.
5. Sophocles, Oedipus The King, 1224, 1235, 1242-1264, 1268-1270, 1282-1285, 1287-1289, 1223 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6. Ovid, Tristia, 1.3 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Vergil, Aeneis, 1.203, 1.754, 2.1-2.9, 2.11-2.13, 2.15, 2.19, 2.21-2.30, 2.34-2.227, 2.424-2.430, 2.486-2.490, 2.615-2.616, 4.12-4.14, 4.74-4.79 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.203. (rage never lacks for arms)—if haply then 1.754. What race of mortals this? What barbarous land 2.1. A general silence fell; and all gave ear 2.2. while, from his lofty station at the feast 2.3. Father Aeneas with these words began :— 2.4. A grief unspeakable thy gracious word 2.5. o sovereign lady, bids my heart live o'er: 2.6. how Asia 's glory and afflicted throne 2.7. the Greek flung down; which woeful scene I saw 2.8. and bore great part in each event I tell. 2.9. But O! in telling, what Dolopian churl 2.11. of grim Ulysses could the tears restrain? 2.12. 'T is evening; lo! the dews of night begin 2.13. to fall from heaven, and yonder sinking stars 2.21. build a huge horse, a thing of mountain size 2.22. with timbered ribs of fir. They falsely say 2.23. it has been vowed to Heaven for safe return 2.24. and spread this lie abroad. Then they conceal 2.25. choice bands of warriors in the deep, dark side 2.26. and fill the caverns of that monstrous womb 2.27. with arms and soldiery. In sight of Troy 2.28. lies Tenedos, an island widely famed 2.29. and opulent, ere Priam's kingdom fell 2.30. but a poor haven now, with anchorage 2.40. of fierce Achilles here; here lay the fleet; 2.41. and here the battling lines to conflict ran.” 2.42. Others, all wonder, scan the gift of doom 2.43. by virgin Pallas given, and view with awe 2.44. that horse which loomed so large. Thymoetes then 2.45. bade lead it through the gates, and set on high 2.46. within our citadel,—or traitor he 2.47. or tool of fate in Troy 's predestined fall. 2.48. But Capys, as did all of wiser heart 2.49. bade hurl into the sea the false Greek gift 2.50. or underneath it thrust a kindling flame 2.51. or pierce the hollow ambush of its womb 2.52. with probing spear. Yet did the multitude 2.54. Then from the citadel, conspicuous 2.55. Laocoon, with all his following choir 2.56. hurried indigt down; and from afar 2.57. thus hailed the people: “O unhappy men! 2.58. What madness this? Who deems our foemen fled? 2.59. Think ye the gifts of Greece can lack for guile? 2.60. Have ye not known Ulysses? The Achaean 2.61. hides, caged in yonder beams; or this is reared 2.62. for engin'ry on our proud battlements 2.63. to spy upon our roof-tops, or descend 2.64. in ruin on the city. 'T is a snare. 2.65. Trust not this horse, O Troy, whate'er it bode! 2.66. I fear the Greeks, though gift on gift they bear.” 2.67. So saying, he whirled with ponderous javelin 2.68. a sturdy stroke straight at the rounded side 2.69. of the great, jointed beast. A tremor struck 2.70. its towering form, and through the cavernous womb 2.71. rolled loud, reverberate rumbling, deep and long. 2.72. If heaven's decree, if our own wills, that hour 2.73. had not been fixed on woe, his spear had brought 2.74. a bloody slaughter on our ambushed foe 2.75. and Troy were standing on the earth this day! 2.77. But, lo! with hands fast bound behind, a youth 2.78. by clamorous Dardan shepherds haled along 2.79. was brought before our king,—to this sole end 2.80. a self-surrendered captive, that he might 2.81. although a nameless stranger, cunningly 2.82. deliver to the Greek the gates of Troy . 2.83. His firm-set mind flinched not from either goal,— 2.84. uccess in crime, or on swift death to fall. 2.85. The thronging Trojan youth made haste his way 2.86. from every side, all eager to see close 2.87. their captive's face, and clout with emulous scorn. 2.88. Hear now what Greek deception is, and learn 2.89. from one dark wickedness the whole. For he 2.90. a mark for every eye, defenceless, dazed 2.91. tood staring at our Phrygian hosts, and cried: 2.92. “Woe worth the day! What ocean or what shore 2.93. will have me now? What desperate path remains 2.94. for miserable me? Now have I lost 2.95. all foothold with the Greeks, and o'er my head 2.96. Troy 's furious sons call bloody vengeance down.” 2.97. Such groans and anguish turned all rage away 2.98. and stayed our lifted hands. We bade him tell 2.99. his birth, his errand, and from whence might be 2.100. uch hope of mercy for a foe in chains. 2.102. “O King! I will confess, whate'er befall 2.103. the whole unvarnished truth. I will not hide 2.104. my Grecian birth. Yea, thus will I begin. 2.105. For Fortune has brought wretched Sinon low; 2.106. but never shall her cruelty impair 2.107. his honor and his truth. Perchance the name 2.108. of Palamedes, Belus' glorious son 2.109. has come by rumor to your listening ears; 2.110. whom by false witness and conspiracy 2.111. because his counsel was not for this war 2.112. the Greeks condemned, though guiltless, to his death 2.113. and now make much lament for him they slew. 2.114. I, his companion, of his kith and kin 2.115. ent hither by my humble sire's command 2.116. followed his arms and fortunes from my youth. 2.117. Long as his throne endured, and while he throve 2.118. in conclave with his kingly peers, we twain 2.119. ome name and lustre bore; but afterward 2.120. because that cheat Ulysses envied him 2.121. (Ye know the deed), he from this world withdrew 2.122. and I in gloom and tribulation sore 2.123. lived miserably on, lamenting loud 2.124. my lost friend's blameless fall. A fool was I 2.125. that kept not these lips closed; but I had vowed 2.126. that if a conqueror home to Greece I came 2.127. I would avenge. Such words moved wrath, and were 2.128. the first shock of my ruin; from that hour 2.129. Ulysses whispered slander and alarm; 2.130. breathed doubt and malice into all men's ears 2.131. and darkly plotted how to strike his blow. 2.132. Nor rest had he, till Calchas, as his tool,- 2.133. but why unfold this useless, cruel story? 2.134. Why make delay? Ye count all sons of Greece 2.135. arrayed as one; and to have heard thus far 2.136. uffices you. Take now your ripe revenge! 2.137. Ulysses smiles and Atreus' royal sons 2.139. We ply him then with passionate appeal 2.140. and question all his cause: of guilt so dire 2.141. or such Greek guile we harbored not the thought. 2.142. So on he prates, with well-feigned grief and fear 2.143. and from his Iying heart thus told his tale: 2.144. “Full oft the Greeks had fain achieved their flight 2.145. and raised the Trojan siege, and sailed away 2.146. war-wearied quite. O, would it had been so! 2.147. Full oft the wintry tumult of the seas 2.148. did wall them round, and many a swollen storm 2.149. their embarcation stayed. But chiefly when 2.150. all fitly built of beams of maple fair 2.151. this horse stood forth,— what thunders filled the skies! 2.152. With anxious fears we sent Eurypylus 2.153. to ask Apollo's word; and from the shrine 2.154. he brings the sorrowful commandment home: 2.155. ‘By flowing blood and by a virgin slain 2.156. the wild winds were appeased, when first ye came 2.157. ye sons of Greece, to Ilium 's distant shore. 2.158. Through blood ye must return. Let some Greek life 2.159. your expiation be.’ The popular ear 2.160. the saying caught, all spirits were dimmed o'er; 2.161. cold doubt and horror through each bosom ran 2.162. asking what fate would do, and on what wretch 2.163. Apollo's choice would fall. Ulysses, then 2.164. amid the people's tumult and acclaim 2.165. thrust Calchas forth, some prophecy to tell 2.166. to all the throng: he asked him o'er and o'er 2.167. what Heaven desired. Already not a few 2.168. foretold the murderous plot, and silently 2.169. watched the dark doom upon my life impend. 2.170. Twice five long days the seer his lips did seal 2.171. and hid himself, refusing to bring forth 2.172. His word of guile, and name what wretch should die. 2.173. At last, reluctant, and all loudly urged 2.174. By false Ulysses, he fulfils their plot 2.175. and, lifting up his voice oracular 2.176. points out myself the victim to be slain. 2.177. Nor did one voice oppose. The mortal stroke 2.178. horribly hanging o'er each coward head 2.179. was changed to one man's ruin, and their hearts 2.180. endured it well. Soon rose th' accursed morn; 2.181. the bloody ritual was ready; salt 2.182. was sprinkled on the sacred loaf; my brows 2.183. were bound with fillets for the offering. 2.184. But I escaped that death—yes! I deny not! 2.185. I cast my fetters off, and darkling lay 2.186. concealed all night in lake-side sedge and mire 2.187. awaiting their departure, if perchance 2.188. they should in truth set sail. But nevermore 2.189. hall my dear, native country greet these eyes. 2.190. No more my father or my tender babes 2.191. hall I behold. Nay, haply their own lives 2.192. are forfeit, when my foemen take revenge 2.193. for my escape, and slay those helpless ones 2.194. in expiation of my guilty deed. 2.195. O, by yon powers in heaven which witness truth 2.196. by aught in this dark world remaining now 2.197. of spotless human faith and innocence 2.198. I do implore thee look with pitying eye 2.199. on these long sufferings my heart hath borne. 2.201. Pity and pardon to his tears we gave 2.202. and spared his life. King Priam bade unbind 2.203. the fettered hands and loose those heavy chains 2.204. that pressed him sore; then with benigt mien 2.205. addressed him thus: “ Whate'er thy place or name 2.206. forget the people thou hast Iost, and be 2.207. henceforth our countryman. But tell me true! 2.208. What means the monstrous fabric of this horse? 2.209. Who made it? Why? What offering to Heaven 2.210. or engin'ry of conquest may it be?” 2.211. He spake; and in reply, with skilful guile 2.212. Greek that he was! the other lifted up 2.213. his hands, now freed and chainless, to the skies: 2.214. “O ever-burning and inviolate fires 2.215. witness my word! O altars and sharp steel 2.216. whose curse I fled, O fillets of the gods 2.217. which bound a victim's helpless forehead, hear! 2.218. 'T is lawful now to break the oath that gave 2.219. my troth to Greece . To execrate her kings 2.220. is now my solemn duty. Their whole plot 2.221. I publish to the world. No fatherland 2.222. and no allegiance binds me any more. 2.223. O Troy, whom I have saved, I bid thee keep 2.224. the pledge of safety by good Priam given 2.225. for my true tale shall my rich ransom be. 2.226. The Greeks' one hope, since first they opened war 2.227. was Pallas, grace and power. But from the day 2.424. Shrill trumpets rang; Ioud shouting voices roared; 2.425. wildly I armed me (when the battle calls 2.426. how dimly reason shines!); I burned to join 2.427. the rally of my peers, and to the heights 2.428. defensive gather. Frenzy and vast rage 2.429. eized on my soul. I only sought what way 2.486. But who the bloodshed of that night can tell? 2.487. What tongue its deaths shall number, or what eyes 2.488. find meed of tears to equal all its woe? 2.489. The ancient City fell, whose throne had stood 2.490. age after age. Along her streets were strewn 2.615. reared skyward from the roof-top, giving view 2.616. of Troy 's wide walls and full reconnaissance 4.12. of her dear sister spoke the stricken Queen: 4.13. “Anna, my sister, what disturbing dreams 4.14. perplex me and alarm? What guest is this 4.75. So saying, she stirred a passion-burning breast 4.76. to Iove more madly still; her words infused 4.77. a doubting mind with hope, and bade the blush 4.78. of shame begone. First to the shrines they went 4.79. and sued for grace; performing sacrifice
8. Lucan, Pharsalia, 1.135, 9.2, 9.964-9.969 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Quintilian, Institutes of Oratory, 10.1.53 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
achilles Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
aeneas, narrator Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
aeneas Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255; Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128; de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
aeschylus de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
alcinous Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
anchoring allusions Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
athena de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
athens de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
audience de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541
banquet Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
carthage Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
cupid Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
dialogue, in drama de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
dido, and anna Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
dido, and sychaeus Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
dido Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
divine intervention de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
ennius, alignment with / adaptation of homer Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
ennius, model / anti-model for lucan Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
epic Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
epic cycle Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
epicureanism Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
failure Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
herodotus de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543, 544
hippolytus de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 544
homer, aligned with ennius Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
intertextuality, rivalry (aemulatio) Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
juno Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
laocoon de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 544
macrobius Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
messenger-speech de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
miletus, fall of miletus, by phrynichus de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543, 544
narratee de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 544
narratives Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators, aeneid Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators, internal, aeneas Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators, internal Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators, odyssean Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators, rival Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
narrators Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
neoptolemus Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
odysseus Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128; Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
opposition Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
ovid, as an alter aeneas Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
ovid, wife of Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
ovid Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
pain/suffering de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541
palace Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
persians de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543, 544
phaeacians Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
phoenicians Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
phrynichus de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543
plots Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
poseidon de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 544
punishment de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 544
star Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
storm Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
story Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
suicide de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541
symposia, in homer Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
symposia Hunter, The Measure of Homer: The Ancient Reception of the Iliad (2018) 100
therapy Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
third ways Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
trauma de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
trojan war Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
trojans Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
troy, fall of de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
troy, sack (fall, destruction) of Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
troy, site of in the ph. Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
troy Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255; Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184; de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
ulixes Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 255
venus (see also aphrodite) Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
vergil, aeneid, intertextual identity, cyclic Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
vergil Fabre-Serris et al., Identities, Ethnicities and Gender in Antiquity (2021) 184
virgil, as model and anti-model for lucan Joseph, Thunder and Lament: Lucan on the Beginnings and Ends of Epic (2022) 25
virgil de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 541, 543, 544
wandering Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
words Farrell, Juno's Aeneid: A Battle for Heroic Identity (2021) 128
xerxes' de Bakker, van den Berg, and Klooster, Emotions and Narrative in Ancient Literature and Beyond (2022) 543