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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



11065
Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.46-5.47


nanIn the section of the Suburan region, the first shrine is located on the Caelian Hill, named from Caeles Vibenna, a Tuscan leader of distinction, who is said to have come with his followers to help Romulus against King Tatius. From this hill the followers of Caeles are said, after his death, to have been brought down into the level ground, because they were in possession of a location which was too strongly fortified and their loyalty was somewhat under suspicion. From them was named the Vicus Tuscus 'Tuscan Row,' and therefore, they say, the statue of Vertumnus stands there, because he is the chief god of Etruria; but those of the Caelians who were free from suspicion were removed to that place which is called Caeliolum 'the little Caelian.'


nanJoined to the Caelian is Carinae 'the Keels'; and between them is the place which is called Caeriolensis,' obviously because the fourth shrine of the first region is thus written in the records: Caeriolensis: fourth shrine, near the temple of Minerva, in the street by which you go up the Caelian Hill; it is in a booth. Caeriolensis is so called from the joining of the Carinae with the Caelian. Carinae is perhaps from caerimonia 'ceremony,' because from here starts the beginmng of the Sacred Way, which extends from the Chapel of Strenia to the citadel, by which the offerings are brought every year to the citadel, and by which the augurs regularly set out from the citadel for the observation of the birds. Of this Sacred Way, this is the only part commonly known, namely the part which is at the beginning of the Ascent as you go from the Forum.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

21 results
1. Cicero, De Oratore, 3.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.43. Athenis iam diu doctrina ipsorum Atheniensium interiit, domicilium tantum in illa urbe remanet studiorum, quibus vacant cives, peregrini fruuntur capti quodam modo nomine urbis et auctoritate; tamen eruditissimos homines Asiaticos quivis Atheniensis indoctus non verbis, sed sono vocis nec tam bene quam suaviter loquendo facile superabit. Nostri minus student litteris quam Latini; tamen ex istis, quos nostis, urbanis, in quibus minimum est litterarum, nemo est quin litteratissimum togatorum omnium, Q. Valerium Soranum, lenitate vocis atque ipso oris pressu et sono facile vincat.
2. Cicero, Republic, 2.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.11. Urbis autem ipsius nativa praesidia quis est tam neglegens qui non habeat animo notata ac plane cognita? cuius is est tractus ductusque muri cum Romuli, tum etiam reliquorum regum sapientia definitus ex omni parte arduis praeruptisque montibus, ut unus aditus, qui esset inter Esquilinum Quirinalemque montem, maximo aggere obiecto fossa cingeretur vastissima, atque ut ita munita arx circumiectu arduo et quasi circumciso saxo niteretur, ut etiam in illa tempestate horribili Gallici adventus incolumis atque intacta permanserit. Locumque delegit et fontibus abundantem et in regione pestilenti salubrem; colles enim sunt, qui cum perflantur ipsi, tum adferunt umbram vallibus.
3. Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.41-5.43, 5.47, 5.54, 5.143-5.144, 5.148-5.152, 5.157-5.159, 5.163-5.165, 6.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Catullus, Poems, 29 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Horace, Odes, 3.3.15-3.3.16 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Horace, Epodes, 7.17-7.20 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Livy, History, 39.5.14 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

8. Ovid, Amores, 3.2.31 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.667, 6.669-6.670 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Propertius, Elegies, 4.2.3-4.2.4 (1st cent. BCE

11. Strabo, Geography, 5.3.7-5.3.8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.3.7. In the interior, the first city above Ostia is Rome; it is the only city built on the Tiber. It has been remarked above, that its position was fixed, not by choice, but necessity; to this must be added, that those who afterwards enlarged it, were not at liberty to select a better site, being prevented by what was already built. The first [kings] fortified the Capitol, the Palatium, and the Collis Quirinalis, which was so easy of access, that when Titus Tatius came to avenge the rape of the [Sabine] virgins, he took it on the first assault. Ancus Marcius, who added Mount Caelius and the Aventine Mount with the intermediate plain, separated as these places were both from each other and from what had been formerly fortified, was compelled to do this of necessity; since he did not consider it proper to leave outside his walls, heights so well protected by nature, to whomsoever might have a mind to fortify themselves upon them, while at the same time he was not capable of enclosing the whole as far as Mount Quirinus. Servius perceived this defect, and added the Esquiline and Viminal hills. As these were both of easy access from without, a deep trench was dug outside them and the earth thrown up on the inside, thus forming a terrace of 6 stadia in length along the inner side of the trench. This terrace he surmounted with a wall flanked with towers, and extending from the Colline to the Esquiline gate. Midway along the terrace is a third gate, named after the Viminal hill. Such is the Roman rampart, which seems to stand in need of other ramparts itself. But it seems to me that the first [founders] were of opinion, both in regard to themselves and their successors, that Romans had to depend not on fortifications, but on arms and their individual valour, both for safety and for wealth, and that walls were not a defence to men, but men were a defence to walls. At the period of its commencement, when the large and fertile districts surrounding the city belonged to others, and while it lay easily open to assault, there was nothing in its position which could be looked upon as favourable; but when by valour and labour these districts became its own, there succeeded a tide of prosperity surpassing the advantages of every other place. Thus, notwithstanding the prodigious increase of the city, there has been plenty of food, and also of wood and stone for ceaseless building, rendered necessary by the falling down of houses, and on account of conflagrations, and of the sales, which seem never to cease. These sales are a kind of voluntary falling down of houses, each owner knocking down and rebuilding one part or another, according to his individual taste. For these purposes the numerous quarries, the forests, and the rivers which convey the materials, offer wonderful facilities. of these rivers, the first is the Teverone, which flows from Alba, a city of the Latins near to the country of the Marsi, and from thence through the plain below this [city], till it unites with the Tiber. After this come the Nera (Nar) and the Timia, which passing through Ombrica fall into the Tiber, and the Chiana, which flows through Tyrrhenia and the territory of Clusiumn. Augustus Caesar endeavoured to avert from the city damages of the kind alluded to, and instituted a company of freedmen, who should be ready to lend their assistance in cases of conflagration; whilst, as a preventive against the falling of houses, he decreed that all new buildings should not be carried so high as formerly, and that those erected along the public ways should not exceed seventy feet in height. But these improvements must have ceased only for the facilities afforded by the quarries, the forests, and the ease of transport. 5.3.8. These advantages accrued to the city from the nature of the country; but the foresight of the Romans added others besides. The Grecian cities are thought to have flourished mainly on account of the felicitous choice made by their founders, in regard to the beauty and strength of their sites, their proximity to some port, and the fineness of the country. But the Roman prudence was more particularly employed on matters which had received but little attention from the Greeks, such as paving their roads, constructing aqueducts, and sewers, to convey the sewage of the city into the Tiber. In fact, they have paved the roads, cut through hills, and filled up valleys, so that the merchandise may be conveyed by carriage from the ports. The sewers, arched over with hewn stones, are large enough in some parts for waggons loaded with hay to pass through; while so plentiful is the supply of water from the aqueducts, that rivers may be said to flow through the city and the sewers, and almost every house is furnished with water-pipes and copious fountains. To effect which Marcus Agrippa directed his special attention; he likewise bestowed upon the city numerous ornaments. We may remark, that the ancients, occupied with greater and more necessary concerns, paid but little attention to the beautifying of Rome. But their successors, and especially those of our own day, without neglecting these things, have at the same time embellished the city with numerous and splendid objects. Pompey, divus Caesar, and Augustus, with his children, friends, wife, and sister, have surpassed all others in their zeal and munificence in these decorations. The greater number of these may be seen in the Campus Martius, which to the beauties of nature adds those of art. The size of the plain is marvellous, permitting chariot-races and other feats of horsemanship without impediment, and multitudes to exercise themselves at ball, in the circus and the palaestra. The structures which surround it, the turf covered with herbage all the year round, the summits of the hills beyond the Tiber, extending from its banks with panoramic effect, present a spectacle which the eye abandons with regret. Near to this plain is another surrounded with columns, sacred groves, three theatres, an amphitheatre, and superb temples in close contiguity to each other; and so magnificent, that it would seem idle to describe the rest of the city after it. For this cause the Romans, esteeming it as the most sacred place, have there erected funeral monuments to the most illustrious persons of either sex. The most remarkable of these is that designated as the Mausoleum, which consists of a mound of earth raised upon a high foundation of white marble, situated near the river, and covered to the top with ever-green shrubs. Upon the summit is a bronze statue of Augustus Caesar, and beneath the mound are the ashes of himself, his relatives, and friends. Behind is a large grove containing charming promenades. In the centre of the plain, is the spot where this prince was reduced to ashes; it is surrounded with a double enclosure, one of marble, the other of iron, and planted within with poplars. If from hence you proceed to visit the ancient forum, which is equally filled with basilicas, porticos, and temples, you will there behold the Capitol, the Palatium, with the noble works which adorn them, and the promenade of Livia, each successive place causing you speedily to forget what you have before seen. Such is Rome.
12. Vergil, Aeneis, 7.810, 8.228 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7.810. himself the griding hinges backward moves 8.228. inwove with thread of gold, and bridle reins
13. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 34.22, 34.34 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14. Statius, Siluae, 2.3.8-2.3.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15. Suetonius, Iulius, 13 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16. Tacitus, Annals, 4.65 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.65.  It may not be out of place to state that the hill was originally named the "Querquetulanus," from the abundance of oak produced on it, and only later took the title of "Caelius" from Caeles Vibenna, an Etruscan chief; who, for marching to the aid of Rome, had received the district as a settlement, either from Tarquinius Priscus or by the gift of another of our kings. On that point the authors disagree: the rest is not in doubt — that Vibenna's numerous forces established themselves on the level also, and in the neighbourhood of the forum, with the result that the Tuscan Street has taken its name from the immigrants.
17. Herodian, History of The Empire After Marcus, 1.15.9 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

18. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

19. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

20. Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Commodus, 17.9-17.10 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

21. Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Commodus, 17.9-17.10 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeneas Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
alban mount Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
ambracia Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17, 36
angerona Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
atedius melior Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
auctoritas Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
aventine hill Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
caeles (caelius) vibenna Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
caelian hill Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
campo di fiera Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
capitoline hill Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
claudius marcellus, m., ciceros portrayal of Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
claudius marcellus, m., his ovatio Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
claudius marcellus, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
competition between cities Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
concordia Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
constantine Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
cora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
curius dentatus, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
dardanus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
diana Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
edwards, c. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
etruria Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
evocatio Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
falerii Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
fulvius flaccus, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
fulvius nobilior, m., conquers ambracia Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17, 36
games Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
greek, art Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
greek, luxury imports Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
hercules, and cacus Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
hispellum Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
imagines Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
italy (italia) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
latium Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
luxury, importation of Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
mars Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
miles, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
museum, and national identity Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
objects, and identity Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
pan Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
peace Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
pearce, s. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
pholoe Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
pompey the great, and venus victrix Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
pyrrhus, war with Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
quirinal hill Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
remus Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
rescript Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
rome, capitoline hill Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
rome, temple of divus augustus, victoria in Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
rome, temple of mater matuta Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
rome (city), secret names of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (city) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), arch of titus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), shrine of volupia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), velabrum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
romulus Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55; Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
sabines Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
salus publica Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 17
solstices' Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
statues Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
tarentum Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
tarquinius priscus Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55; Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
titus (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
titus tatius Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
trees, in statius poetry Putnam et al., The Poetic World of Statius' Silvae (2023) 55
umbria Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
urban hierarchies Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
valerius soranus, q. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
verres, c., cicero prosecutes Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
vespasian (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
via cassia Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
via traiana nova Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
volsinii Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36
volsinii novi Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
volsinii veteres Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
voltumna Tacoma, Cicero and Roman Education: The Reception of the Speeches and Ancient Scholarship (2020) 179
vortumnus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 36