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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



11065
Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.42


nanThis hill was previously called the Saturnian Hill, we are informed by the writers, and from this Latium has been called the Saturnian Land, as in fact Ennius calls it. It is recorded that on this hill was an old town, named Saturnia. Even now there remain three evidences of it: that there is a temple of Saturn by the passage leading to the hill; that there is a Saturnian gate which Junius writes of as there, which they now call Pandana; that behind the temple of Saturn, in the laws for the buildings of private persons, the back walls of the houses are mentioned as Saturnian walls.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

14 results
1. Cicero, De Oratore, 3.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.43. Athenis iam diu doctrina ipsorum Atheniensium interiit, domicilium tantum in illa urbe remanet studiorum, quibus vacant cives, peregrini fruuntur capti quodam modo nomine urbis et auctoritate; tamen eruditissimos homines Asiaticos quivis Atheniensis indoctus non verbis, sed sono vocis nec tam bene quam suaviter loquendo facile superabit. Nostri minus student litteris quam Latini; tamen ex istis, quos nostis, urbanis, in quibus minimum est litterarum, nemo est quin litteratissimum togatorum omnium, Q. Valerium Soranum, lenitate vocis atque ipso oris pressu et sono facile vincat.
2. Cicero, Republic, 2.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.11. Urbis autem ipsius nativa praesidia quis est tam neglegens qui non habeat animo notata ac plane cognita? cuius is est tractus ductusque muri cum Romuli, tum etiam reliquorum regum sapientia definitus ex omni parte arduis praeruptisque montibus, ut unus aditus, qui esset inter Esquilinum Quirinalemque montem, maximo aggere obiecto fossa cingeretur vastissima, atque ut ita munita arx circumiectu arduo et quasi circumciso saxo niteretur, ut etiam in illa tempestate horribili Gallici adventus incolumis atque intacta permanserit. Locumque delegit et fontibus abundantem et in regione pestilenti salubrem; colles enim sunt, qui cum perflantur ipsi, tum adferunt umbram vallibus.
3. Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.40-5.41, 5.43, 5.46-5.47, 5.54, 5.68, 5.143-5.144, 5.148-5.152, 5.157-5.159, 5.163-5.165, 6.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Dionysius of Halycarnassus, Roman Antiquities, 1.34.1, 1.34.3, 1.34.5, 5.61.3 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.34.1.  A few years after the Arcadians another Greek expedition came into Italy under the command of Hercules, who had just returned from the conquest of Spain and of all the region that extends to the setting of the sun. It was some of his followers who, begging Hercules to dismiss them from the expedition, remained in this region and built a town on a suitable hill, which they found at a distance of about three stades from Pallantium. This is now called theCapitoline hill, but by the men of that time the Saturnian hill, or, in Greek, the hill of Cronus. 1.34.3.  As for the name of the hill, some think it was an ancient name, as I have said, and that consequently the Epeans were especially pleased with the hill through memory of the hill of Cronus in Elis. This is in the territory of Pisa, near the river Alpheus, and the Eleans, regarding it as sacred to Cronus, assemble together at stated times to honour it with sacrifices and other marks of reverence. 5.61.3.  The deputies who subscribed to the treaty and swore to its observance were from the following cities: Ardea, Aricia, Bovillae, Bubentum, Cora, Carventum, Circeii, Corioli, Corbio, Cabum, Fortinea, Gabii, Laurentum, Lanuvium, Lavinium, Labici, Nomentum, Norba, Praeneste, Pedum, Querquetula, Satricum, Scaptia, Setia, Tibur, Tusculum, Tolerium, Tellenae, Velitrae. They voted that as many men of military age from all these cities should take part in the campaign as their commanders, Octavius Mamilius and Sextus Tarquinius, should require; for they had appointed these to be their generals with absolute power.
5. Horace, Sermones, 1.8.14, 1.8.16 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Livy, History, 1.11, 1.16.1-1.16.2 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Ovid, Fasti, 6.31 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Strabo, Geography, 5.3.7-5.3.8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.3.7. In the interior, the first city above Ostia is Rome; it is the only city built on the Tiber. It has been remarked above, that its position was fixed, not by choice, but necessity; to this must be added, that those who afterwards enlarged it, were not at liberty to select a better site, being prevented by what was already built. The first [kings] fortified the Capitol, the Palatium, and the Collis Quirinalis, which was so easy of access, that when Titus Tatius came to avenge the rape of the [Sabine] virgins, he took it on the first assault. Ancus Marcius, who added Mount Caelius and the Aventine Mount with the intermediate plain, separated as these places were both from each other and from what had been formerly fortified, was compelled to do this of necessity; since he did not consider it proper to leave outside his walls, heights so well protected by nature, to whomsoever might have a mind to fortify themselves upon them, while at the same time he was not capable of enclosing the whole as far as Mount Quirinus. Servius perceived this defect, and added the Esquiline and Viminal hills. As these were both of easy access from without, a deep trench was dug outside them and the earth thrown up on the inside, thus forming a terrace of 6 stadia in length along the inner side of the trench. This terrace he surmounted with a wall flanked with towers, and extending from the Colline to the Esquiline gate. Midway along the terrace is a third gate, named after the Viminal hill. Such is the Roman rampart, which seems to stand in need of other ramparts itself. But it seems to me that the first [founders] were of opinion, both in regard to themselves and their successors, that Romans had to depend not on fortifications, but on arms and their individual valour, both for safety and for wealth, and that walls were not a defence to men, but men were a defence to walls. At the period of its commencement, when the large and fertile districts surrounding the city belonged to others, and while it lay easily open to assault, there was nothing in its position which could be looked upon as favourable; but when by valour and labour these districts became its own, there succeeded a tide of prosperity surpassing the advantages of every other place. Thus, notwithstanding the prodigious increase of the city, there has been plenty of food, and also of wood and stone for ceaseless building, rendered necessary by the falling down of houses, and on account of conflagrations, and of the sales, which seem never to cease. These sales are a kind of voluntary falling down of houses, each owner knocking down and rebuilding one part or another, according to his individual taste. For these purposes the numerous quarries, the forests, and the rivers which convey the materials, offer wonderful facilities. of these rivers, the first is the Teverone, which flows from Alba, a city of the Latins near to the country of the Marsi, and from thence through the plain below this [city], till it unites with the Tiber. After this come the Nera (Nar) and the Timia, which passing through Ombrica fall into the Tiber, and the Chiana, which flows through Tyrrhenia and the territory of Clusiumn. Augustus Caesar endeavoured to avert from the city damages of the kind alluded to, and instituted a company of freedmen, who should be ready to lend their assistance in cases of conflagration; whilst, as a preventive against the falling of houses, he decreed that all new buildings should not be carried so high as formerly, and that those erected along the public ways should not exceed seventy feet in height. But these improvements must have ceased only for the facilities afforded by the quarries, the forests, and the ease of transport. 5.3.8. These advantages accrued to the city from the nature of the country; but the foresight of the Romans added others besides. The Grecian cities are thought to have flourished mainly on account of the felicitous choice made by their founders, in regard to the beauty and strength of their sites, their proximity to some port, and the fineness of the country. But the Roman prudence was more particularly employed on matters which had received but little attention from the Greeks, such as paving their roads, constructing aqueducts, and sewers, to convey the sewage of the city into the Tiber. In fact, they have paved the roads, cut through hills, and filled up valleys, so that the merchandise may be conveyed by carriage from the ports. The sewers, arched over with hewn stones, are large enough in some parts for waggons loaded with hay to pass through; while so plentiful is the supply of water from the aqueducts, that rivers may be said to flow through the city and the sewers, and almost every house is furnished with water-pipes and copious fountains. To effect which Marcus Agrippa directed his special attention; he likewise bestowed upon the city numerous ornaments. We may remark, that the ancients, occupied with greater and more necessary concerns, paid but little attention to the beautifying of Rome. But their successors, and especially those of our own day, without neglecting these things, have at the same time embellished the city with numerous and splendid objects. Pompey, divus Caesar, and Augustus, with his children, friends, wife, and sister, have surpassed all others in their zeal and munificence in these decorations. The greater number of these may be seen in the Campus Martius, which to the beauties of nature adds those of art. The size of the plain is marvellous, permitting chariot-races and other feats of horsemanship without impediment, and multitudes to exercise themselves at ball, in the circus and the palaestra. The structures which surround it, the turf covered with herbage all the year round, the summits of the hills beyond the Tiber, extending from its banks with panoramic effect, present a spectacle which the eye abandons with regret. Near to this plain is another surrounded with columns, sacred groves, three theatres, an amphitheatre, and superb temples in close contiguity to each other; and so magnificent, that it would seem idle to describe the rest of the city after it. For this cause the Romans, esteeming it as the most sacred place, have there erected funeral monuments to the most illustrious persons of either sex. The most remarkable of these is that designated as the Mausoleum, which consists of a mound of earth raised upon a high foundation of white marble, situated near the river, and covered to the top with ever-green shrubs. Upon the summit is a bronze statue of Augustus Caesar, and beneath the mound are the ashes of himself, his relatives, and friends. Behind is a large grove containing charming promenades. In the centre of the plain, is the spot where this prince was reduced to ashes; it is surrounded with a double enclosure, one of marble, the other of iron, and planted within with poplars. If from hence you proceed to visit the ancient forum, which is equally filled with basilicas, porticos, and temples, you will there behold the Capitol, the Palatium, with the noble works which adorn them, and the promenade of Livia, each successive place causing you speedily to forget what you have before seen. Such is Rome.
9. Tacitus, Annals, 6.19, 6.41 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.19.  After these, Sextus Marius, the richest man of Spain, was arraigned for incest with his daughter and flung from the Tarpeian Rock; while, to leave no doubt that it was the greatness of his wealth which had redounded to his ruin, his copper-mines and gold-mines, though forfeit to the state, were reserved by Tiberius for himself. And as executions had whetted his appetite, he gave orders for all persons in custody on the charge of complicity with Sejanus to be killed. On the ground lay the huge hecatomb of victims: either sex, every age; the famous, the obscure; scattered or piled in mounds. Nor was it permitted to relatives or friends to stand near, to weep over them, or even to view them too long; but a cordon of sentries, with eyes for each beholder's sorrow, escorted the rotting carcasses, as they were dragged to the Tiber, there to float with the current or drift to the banks, with none to commit them to the flames or touch them. The ties of our common humanity had been dissolved by the force of terror; and before each advance of cruelty compassion receded. 6.41.  About this date, the Cietae, a tribe subject to Archelaus of Cappadocia, pressed to conform with Roman usage by making a return of their property and submitting to a tribute, migrated to the heights of the Tauric range, and, favoured by the nature of the country, held their own against the unwarlike forces of the king; until the legate Marcus Trebellius, despatched by Vitellius from his province of Syria with four thousand legionaries and a picked force of auxiliaries, drew his lines round the two hills which the barbarians had occupied (the smaller is known as Cadra, the other as Davara) and reduced them to surrender — those who ventured to make a sally, by the sword, the others by thirst. Meanwhile, with the acquiescence of the Parthians, Tiridates took over Nicephorium, Anthemusias, and the other cities of Macedonian foundation, carrying Greek names, together with the Parthic towns of Halus and Artemita; enthusiasm running high, as Artabanus, with his Scythian training, had been execrated for his cruelty and it was hoped that Roman culture had mellowed the character of Tiridates.
10. Festus Sextus Pompeius, De Verborum Significatione, None (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Herodian, History of The Empire After Marcus, 1.16.1-1.16.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

12. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.2.1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.2.1. On entering the city there is a monument to Antiope the Amazon . This Antiope, Pindar says, was carried of by Peirithous and Theseus, but Hegias of Troezen gives the following account of her. Heracles was besieging Themiscyra on the Thermodon, but could not take it, but Antiope, falling in love with Theseus, who was aiding Heracles in his campaign, surrendered the stronghold. Such is the account of Hegias. But the Athenians assert that when the Amazons came, Antiope was shot by Molpadia, while Molpadia was killed by Theseus. To Molpadia also there is a monument among the Athenians.
13. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

14. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adriatic sea Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
aeneas Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126; Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
albanus, mt. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
amazons Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
angerona Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
antiope Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
antipolis (locality near rome) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
antiquarian / antiquarianism Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39
apiolae Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
arcadia, arcadian Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
arne Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
augustus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
briseis Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147, 149
carthage Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
casilinum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
cassius dio Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
cedranus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
coinage, ideological uses Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
coinage Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
cora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
dardanus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
demonike Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
dionysius of halicarnassus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
dionysus of halicarnassus Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37, 39, 101, 123
festivals and rites, parilia Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 123
festivals and rites Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
festus (grammarian) Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39, 101
gauls, gallic sack Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39
gauls Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39
gender Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
greece and greeks Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
hannibal of carthage Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
ianus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
italy (italia) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147, 149
iuppiter Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
landscape and topography Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37, 39
language, linguistics, power of words Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 122, 123
latium Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147, 149
livy Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 123
love, eros, and sexuality Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34, 37
luna/diana/the moon Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
macrobius Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
marsic (social) war Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
marus river Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
monumentality/monuments Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34, 37
mosaic (ethnicity) Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
nanis Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
nola Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
patriotism/tarpeia as patriot Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
pedasa Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
picentines Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
picentinus ager Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
piso frugi (l. calpurnius) Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
plutarch Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34, 37
polycrite Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
propertius Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 123
protarchus of tralles Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
religion and god(desse)s Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
republic, roman, ethnic plurality Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
rites, sacrificium Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
rites, saturnalia Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
roman topography, mons capitolinus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
rome (city), secret names of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (city) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147, 149
rome (monuments and features in city), arch of titus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), capitol (hill and temple) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
rome (monuments and features in city), circus maximus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
rome (monuments and features in city), gates of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
rome (monuments and features in city), saturnia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
rome (monuments and features in city), shrine of volupia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), tarpeian rock Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
rome (monuments and features in city), velabrum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome ara pacis, capitoline or mons tarpeius Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34, 37, 39, 101, 123
rome ara pacis, porta pandana Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39, 101, 122
rome ara pacis, tarpeian rock Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34, 37
rome ara pacis, tarpeian tomb/grave Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
romulus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
romulus and camillus, and roman places Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101, 123
sabine, and religion Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
sabines as austere, enfranchisement and belonging Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 39, 101
saturnus Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
seruius tullius Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
social war Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
solstices' Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
spurius tarpeius Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
stabiae Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
tarpeia as amazon, and/as roman places Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37, 39
tarpeia as amazon, as roman patriot Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
tarpeia as amazon, worship of Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37, 39
tatius king of sabines Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 101
taurania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
temples, shrines, and altars, of saturnus (forum romanum) Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
temples, shrines, and altars, of saturnus (mons capitolinus) Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
theseus Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
titus (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
treason and proditio, punishment for Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 37
treason and proditio Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
treasonous girl mytheme Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34
uirgil Buszard, Greek Translations of Roman Gods (2023) 126
valerius soranus, q. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
varro Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 122, 123
vespasian (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
vesuvius, mt. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 149
women and girls, as city Welch, Tarpeia: Workings of a Roman Myth (2015) 34