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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



11065
Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.163-5.165


nanXXXIV. . . . . which worship Porcius means when, speaking of Ennius, he says that he dwelt in the locality of Tutilina. Next comes the Naevian Gate, so called because it is in the Naevian Woods: for the locality where it is, is called by this name. Then the Porta Rauduscula 'Copper Gate,' because it was at one time covered with copper. Copper is called raudus; from this the ancients had it written in their formula for symbolic sales: Let him strike the balance-pan with a piece of raudus. From here, the Lavernal Gate, from the altar of Laverna, because her altar is there.


nanBesides, inside the walls, I see, there are gates on the Palatine: the Gate of Mucio, from mugitus 'lowing,' because by it they drove the herds out into the cow-pastures which were then in front of the ancient town; a second called the Romanula 'Little Roman,' named from Rome, which has steps in New Street at the Chapel of Volupia.'


nanThe third gate is the Janual Gate, named from Janus, and therefore a statue of Janus was set up there, and the binding practice was instituted by Pompilius, as Piso writes in his Annals, that the gate should always be open except when there was no war anywhere. The story that has come down to us is that it was closed when Pompilius was king, and afterwards when Titus Manlius was consul, at the end of the first war with Carthage, and then opened again in the same year.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

13 results
1. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 2.88 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.88. Suppose a traveller to carry into Scythia or Britain the orrery recently constructed by our friend Posidonius, which at each revolution reproduces the same motions of the sun, the moon and the five planets that take place in the heavens every twenty-four hundred, would any single native doubt that this orrery was the work of a rational being? This thinkers however raise doubts about the world itself from which all things arise and have their being, and debate whether it is the produce of chance or necessity of some sort, or of divine reason and intelligence; they think more highly of the achievement of Archimedes in making a model of the revolutions of the firmament than of that of nature in creating them, although the perfection of the original shows a craftsmanship many times as great as does the counterfeit.
2. Cicero, De Oratore, 3.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.43. Athenis iam diu doctrina ipsorum Atheniensium interiit, domicilium tantum in illa urbe remanet studiorum, quibus vacant cives, peregrini fruuntur capti quodam modo nomine urbis et auctoritate; tamen eruditissimos homines Asiaticos quivis Atheniensis indoctus non verbis, sed sono vocis nec tam bene quam suaviter loquendo facile superabit. Nostri minus student litteris quam Latini; tamen ex istis, quos nostis, urbanis, in quibus minimum est litterarum, nemo est quin litteratissimum togatorum omnium, Q. Valerium Soranum, lenitate vocis atque ipso oris pressu et sono facile vincat.
3. Cicero, Republic, 1.21-1.22, 2.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.21. Tum Philus: Nihil novi vobis adferam, neque quod a me sit cogitatum aut inventum; nam memoria teneo C. Sulpicium Gallum, doctissimum, ut scitis, hominem, cum idem hoc visum diceretur et esset casu apud M. Marcellum, qui cum eo consul fuerat, sphaeram, quam M. Marcelli avus captis Syracusis ex urbe locupletissima atque ornatissima sustulisset, cum aliud nihil ex tanta praeda domum suam deportavisset, iussisse proferri; cuius ego sphaerae cum persaepe propter Archimedi gloriam nomen audissem, speciem ipsam non sum tanto opere admiratus; erat enim illa venustior et nobilior in volgus, quam ab eodem Archimede factam posuerat in templo Virtutis Marcellus idem. 1.22. Sed posteaquam coepit rationem huius operis scientissime Gallus exponere, plus in illo Siculo ingenii, quam videretur natura humana ferre potuisse, iudicavi fuisse. Dicebat enim Gallus sphaerae illius alterius solidae atque plenae vetus esse inventum, et eam a Thalete Milesio primum esse tornatam, post autem ab Eudoxo Cnidio, discipulo, ut ferebat, Platonis, eandem illam astris stellisque, quae caelo inhaererent, esse descriptam; cuius omnem ornatum et descriptionem sumptam ab Eudoxo multis annis post non astrologiae scientia, sed poetica quadam facultate versibus Aratum extulisse. Hoc autem sphaerae genus, in quo solis et lunae motus inessent et earum quinque stellarum, quae errantes et quasi vagae nominarentur, in illa sphaera solida non potuisse finiri, atque in eo admirandum esse inventum Archimedi, quod excogitasset, quem ad modum in dissimillimis motibus inaequabiles et varios cursus servaret una conversio. Hanc sphaeram Gallus cum moveret, fiebat, ut soli luna totidem conversionibus in aere illo, quot diebus in ipso caelo, succederet, ex quo et in caelo sphaera solis fieret eadem illa defectio et incideret luna tum in eam metam, quae esset umbra terrae, cum sol e regione 2.11. Urbis autem ipsius nativa praesidia quis est tam neglegens qui non habeat animo notata ac plane cognita? cuius is est tractus ductusque muri cum Romuli, tum etiam reliquorum regum sapientia definitus ex omni parte arduis praeruptisque montibus, ut unus aditus, qui esset inter Esquilinum Quirinalemque montem, maximo aggere obiecto fossa cingeretur vastissima, atque ut ita munita arx circumiectu arduo et quasi circumciso saxo niteretur, ut etiam in illa tempestate horribili Gallici adventus incolumis atque intacta permanserit. Locumque delegit et fontibus abundantem et in regione pestilenti salubrem; colles enim sunt, qui cum perflantur ipsi, tum adferunt umbram vallibus.
4. Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.41-5.43, 5.46-5.47, 5.54, 5.143-5.144, 5.148-5.152, 5.157-5.159, 5.164-5.165, 6.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Livy, History, 1.48.6-1.48.7 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Ovid, Fasti, 3.183-3.188, 6.277-6.280, 6.609-6.610 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

3.183. If you ask where my son’s palace was 3.184. See there, that house made of straw and reeds. 3.185. He snatched the gifts of peaceful sleep on straw 3.186. Yet from that same low bed he rose to the stars. 3.187. Already the Roman’s name extended beyond his city 3.188. Though he possessed neither wife nor father-in-law. 6.277. There’s a globe suspended, enclosed by Syracusan art 6.278. That’s a small replica of the vast heavens 6.279. And the Earth’s equidistant from top and bottom. 6.280. Which is achieved by its spherical shape. 6.609. ‘Go on, or do you seek the bitter fruits of virtue? 6.610. Drive the unwilling wheels, I say, over his face.’
7. Seneca The Elder, Controversies, 1.6.4 (1st cent. BCE

8. Strabo, Geography, 5.3.7-5.3.8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.3.7. In the interior, the first city above Ostia is Rome; it is the only city built on the Tiber. It has been remarked above, that its position was fixed, not by choice, but necessity; to this must be added, that those who afterwards enlarged it, were not at liberty to select a better site, being prevented by what was already built. The first [kings] fortified the Capitol, the Palatium, and the Collis Quirinalis, which was so easy of access, that when Titus Tatius came to avenge the rape of the [Sabine] virgins, he took it on the first assault. Ancus Marcius, who added Mount Caelius and the Aventine Mount with the intermediate plain, separated as these places were both from each other and from what had been formerly fortified, was compelled to do this of necessity; since he did not consider it proper to leave outside his walls, heights so well protected by nature, to whomsoever might have a mind to fortify themselves upon them, while at the same time he was not capable of enclosing the whole as far as Mount Quirinus. Servius perceived this defect, and added the Esquiline and Viminal hills. As these were both of easy access from without, a deep trench was dug outside them and the earth thrown up on the inside, thus forming a terrace of 6 stadia in length along the inner side of the trench. This terrace he surmounted with a wall flanked with towers, and extending from the Colline to the Esquiline gate. Midway along the terrace is a third gate, named after the Viminal hill. Such is the Roman rampart, which seems to stand in need of other ramparts itself. But it seems to me that the first [founders] were of opinion, both in regard to themselves and their successors, that Romans had to depend not on fortifications, but on arms and their individual valour, both for safety and for wealth, and that walls were not a defence to men, but men were a defence to walls. At the period of its commencement, when the large and fertile districts surrounding the city belonged to others, and while it lay easily open to assault, there was nothing in its position which could be looked upon as favourable; but when by valour and labour these districts became its own, there succeeded a tide of prosperity surpassing the advantages of every other place. Thus, notwithstanding the prodigious increase of the city, there has been plenty of food, and also of wood and stone for ceaseless building, rendered necessary by the falling down of houses, and on account of conflagrations, and of the sales, which seem never to cease. These sales are a kind of voluntary falling down of houses, each owner knocking down and rebuilding one part or another, according to his individual taste. For these purposes the numerous quarries, the forests, and the rivers which convey the materials, offer wonderful facilities. of these rivers, the first is the Teverone, which flows from Alba, a city of the Latins near to the country of the Marsi, and from thence through the plain below this [city], till it unites with the Tiber. After this come the Nera (Nar) and the Timia, which passing through Ombrica fall into the Tiber, and the Chiana, which flows through Tyrrhenia and the territory of Clusiumn. Augustus Caesar endeavoured to avert from the city damages of the kind alluded to, and instituted a company of freedmen, who should be ready to lend their assistance in cases of conflagration; whilst, as a preventive against the falling of houses, he decreed that all new buildings should not be carried so high as formerly, and that those erected along the public ways should not exceed seventy feet in height. But these improvements must have ceased only for the facilities afforded by the quarries, the forests, and the ease of transport. 5.3.8. These advantages accrued to the city from the nature of the country; but the foresight of the Romans added others besides. The Grecian cities are thought to have flourished mainly on account of the felicitous choice made by their founders, in regard to the beauty and strength of their sites, their proximity to some port, and the fineness of the country. But the Roman prudence was more particularly employed on matters which had received but little attention from the Greeks, such as paving their roads, constructing aqueducts, and sewers, to convey the sewage of the city into the Tiber. In fact, they have paved the roads, cut through hills, and filled up valleys, so that the merchandise may be conveyed by carriage from the ports. The sewers, arched over with hewn stones, are large enough in some parts for waggons loaded with hay to pass through; while so plentiful is the supply of water from the aqueducts, that rivers may be said to flow through the city and the sewers, and almost every house is furnished with water-pipes and copious fountains. To effect which Marcus Agrippa directed his special attention; he likewise bestowed upon the city numerous ornaments. We may remark, that the ancients, occupied with greater and more necessary concerns, paid but little attention to the beautifying of Rome. But their successors, and especially those of our own day, without neglecting these things, have at the same time embellished the city with numerous and splendid objects. Pompey, divus Caesar, and Augustus, with his children, friends, wife, and sister, have surpassed all others in their zeal and munificence in these decorations. The greater number of these may be seen in the Campus Martius, which to the beauties of nature adds those of art. The size of the plain is marvellous, permitting chariot-races and other feats of horsemanship without impediment, and multitudes to exercise themselves at ball, in the circus and the palaestra. The structures which surround it, the turf covered with herbage all the year round, the summits of the hills beyond the Tiber, extending from its banks with panoramic effect, present a spectacle which the eye abandons with regret. Near to this plain is another surrounded with columns, sacred groves, three theatres, an amphitheatre, and superb temples in close contiguity to each other; and so magnificent, that it would seem idle to describe the rest of the city after it. For this cause the Romans, esteeming it as the most sacred place, have there erected funeral monuments to the most illustrious persons of either sex. The most remarkable of these is that designated as the Mausoleum, which consists of a mound of earth raised upon a high foundation of white marble, situated near the river, and covered to the top with ever-green shrubs. Upon the summit is a bronze statue of Augustus Caesar, and beneath the mound are the ashes of himself, his relatives, and friends. Behind is a large grove containing charming promenades. In the centre of the plain, is the spot where this prince was reduced to ashes; it is surrounded with a double enclosure, one of marble, the other of iron, and planted within with poplars. If from hence you proceed to visit the ancient forum, which is equally filled with basilicas, porticos, and temples, you will there behold the Capitol, the Palatium, with the noble works which adorn them, and the promenade of Livia, each successive place causing you speedily to forget what you have before seen. Such is Rome.
9. Cassius Dio, Roman History, 43.14.6 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

43.14.6.  And they decreed that a chariot of his should be placed on the Capitol facing the statue of Jupiter, that his statue in bronze should be mounted upon a likeness of the inhabited world, with an inscription to the effect that he was a demigod, and that his name should be inscribed upon the Capitol in place of that of Catulus on the ground that he had completed this temple after undertaking to call Catulus to account for the building of it.
10. Herodian, History of The Empire After Marcus, 5.6.3-5.6.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

11. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

12. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

13. Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Elagabalus, 3.4, 6.9 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeneas Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
alexandria Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
alsop, j. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
angerona Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
athena Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
athenaeus, on the museion at alexandria Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
athens Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
augustus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
bennett, t. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
cora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
dardanus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
foucault, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
italy (italia) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
julius caesar, c., image in jupiter capitolinus temple Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
latium Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
maps Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
monster Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
museum, as an agent for social control Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
museum, modern theories of Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
pearce, s. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
phidias Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
rome, clivus orbius Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23, 198
rome, clivus victorius Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
rome, esquiline hill Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23, 198
rome, palatine hill Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 198
rome, temple of fortuna huiusce diei Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
rome, temple of jupiter stator Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
rome (city), secret names of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (city) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), arch of titus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), shrine of volupia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), velabrum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
romulus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
servius tullius Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23, 198
solstices' Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
stocking, g. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
tanaquil Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23, 198
titus (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
tullius cicero, m., and the de finibus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
tullius cicero, m., his oration against catiline Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 23
valerius soranus, q. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
vespasian (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147