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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



11065
Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.157-5.159


nanThe Aequimaelium 'Maelius-Flat,' because the house of Maelius was aequata 'laid flat' by the state since he wished to seize the power and be king. The place Ad Busta Gallica 'At the Gauls' Tombs,' because on the recovery of Rome the bones of the Gauls who had held Rome were heaped up there and fenced in. The place near the Cloaca Maxima which is called Doliola 'The Jars,' where spitting is prohibited, from some doliola 'jars' that were buried under the earth. Two stories about these are handed down: some say that bones of dead men were in them, others that certain sacred objects belonging to Numa Pompilius were buried in them after his death. The Argiletum, according to some writers, was named from Argus of Larisa, because he came to this place and was buried there; according to others, from the argilla 'clay,' because this kind of earth is found at this place.


nanThe Clivus Publiciuus 'Publician Incline,' from the members of the Publician gens who as plebeian aediles constructed it by state authority. For like reasons the Clivus Pullius and the Clivus Cosconius, because they are said to have been constructed by men of these names as Street-Overseers. The Incline Next-To-Flora is up towards the old Capitol, because there is in that place a chapel (sacellum) of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, and this is older than the temple (aedes) which has been built on the Capitol.


nanOn the Esquiline there is a Vicus Africus 'African Row,' because there, it is said, the hostages from Africa in the Punic War were kept under guard. The Vicus Cyprius 'Good Row,' from cuprum, because there the Sabines who were taken in as citizens settled, and they named it from the good omen: for cyprum means 'good' in Sabine. Near this is the Vicus Sceleratus 'Accursed Row,' named from Tullia wife of Tarquin the Proud, because when her father was lying dead in it she ordered her muleteer to drive her carriage on over his body.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Cicero, De Domo Sua, 101 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

101. facere possum Erucium conscripsisse; quod aiunt illum Sex. Roscio intentasse et minitatum minitatum Hotoman : mentatum ς : meditatum cett. esse se omnia illa pro testimonio esse dicturum. O praeclarum testem, iudices! o gravitatem dignam exspectatione! o vitam vitam σσχ : iustam cett. honestam atque eius modi ut libentibus animis ad eius animis ad eiusmodi ut libentius animis add. ς mg. testimonium vestrum ius iurandum accommodetis! profecto non tam perspicue nos istorum nos istorum ψ2 : nonistorum ς : istorum cett. maleficia videremus, nisi ipsos caecos redderet cupiditas et avaritia et audacia.
2. Cicero, De Oratore, 3.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.43. Athenis iam diu doctrina ipsorum Atheniensium interiit, domicilium tantum in illa urbe remanet studiorum, quibus vacant cives, peregrini fruuntur capti quodam modo nomine urbis et auctoritate; tamen eruditissimos homines Asiaticos quivis Atheniensis indoctus non verbis, sed sono vocis nec tam bene quam suaviter loquendo facile superabit. Nostri minus student litteris quam Latini; tamen ex istis, quos nostis, urbanis, in quibus minimum est litterarum, nemo est quin litteratissimum togatorum omnium, Q. Valerium Soranum, lenitate vocis atque ipso oris pressu et sono facile vincat.
3. Cicero, Republic, 2.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.11. Urbis autem ipsius nativa praesidia quis est tam neglegens qui non habeat animo notata ac plane cognita? cuius is est tractus ductusque muri cum Romuli, tum etiam reliquorum regum sapientia definitus ex omni parte arduis praeruptisque montibus, ut unus aditus, qui esset inter Esquilinum Quirinalemque montem, maximo aggere obiecto fossa cingeretur vastissima, atque ut ita munita arx circumiectu arduo et quasi circumciso saxo niteretur, ut etiam in illa tempestate horribili Gallici adventus incolumis atque intacta permanserit. Locumque delegit et fontibus abundantem et in regione pestilenti salubrem; colles enim sunt, qui cum perflantur ipsi, tum adferunt umbram vallibus.
4. Varro, On The Latin Language, 5.41-5.43, 5.46-5.47, 5.54, 5.143-5.144, 5.148-5.152, 5.158-5.159, 5.163-5.165, 6.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Dionysius of Halycarnassus, Roman Antiquities, 12.4.6 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

12.4.6.  When the man had been destroyed in one way or the other, the senate met and voted that his property should be confiscated to the state and his house razed to the ground. This site even to my day was the only area left vacant amid the surrounding houses, and was called Aequimelium by the Romans, or, we might study, the Plain of Melius. For aequum is the name given by the Romans to that which has no eminences; accordingly, a place originally called aequum Melium was later, when the two words were run together and pronounced as one, called Aequimelium. To the man who gave information against Maelius, namely Minucius, the senate voted that a statue should be erected.
6. Livy, History, 4.13-4.14, 4.16.1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Strabo, Geography, 5.3.7-5.3.8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.3.7. In the interior, the first city above Ostia is Rome; it is the only city built on the Tiber. It has been remarked above, that its position was fixed, not by choice, but necessity; to this must be added, that those who afterwards enlarged it, were not at liberty to select a better site, being prevented by what was already built. The first [kings] fortified the Capitol, the Palatium, and the Collis Quirinalis, which was so easy of access, that when Titus Tatius came to avenge the rape of the [Sabine] virgins, he took it on the first assault. Ancus Marcius, who added Mount Caelius and the Aventine Mount with the intermediate plain, separated as these places were both from each other and from what had been formerly fortified, was compelled to do this of necessity; since he did not consider it proper to leave outside his walls, heights so well protected by nature, to whomsoever might have a mind to fortify themselves upon them, while at the same time he was not capable of enclosing the whole as far as Mount Quirinus. Servius perceived this defect, and added the Esquiline and Viminal hills. As these were both of easy access from without, a deep trench was dug outside them and the earth thrown up on the inside, thus forming a terrace of 6 stadia in length along the inner side of the trench. This terrace he surmounted with a wall flanked with towers, and extending from the Colline to the Esquiline gate. Midway along the terrace is a third gate, named after the Viminal hill. Such is the Roman rampart, which seems to stand in need of other ramparts itself. But it seems to me that the first [founders] were of opinion, both in regard to themselves and their successors, that Romans had to depend not on fortifications, but on arms and their individual valour, both for safety and for wealth, and that walls were not a defence to men, but men were a defence to walls. At the period of its commencement, when the large and fertile districts surrounding the city belonged to others, and while it lay easily open to assault, there was nothing in its position which could be looked upon as favourable; but when by valour and labour these districts became its own, there succeeded a tide of prosperity surpassing the advantages of every other place. Thus, notwithstanding the prodigious increase of the city, there has been plenty of food, and also of wood and stone for ceaseless building, rendered necessary by the falling down of houses, and on account of conflagrations, and of the sales, which seem never to cease. These sales are a kind of voluntary falling down of houses, each owner knocking down and rebuilding one part or another, according to his individual taste. For these purposes the numerous quarries, the forests, and the rivers which convey the materials, offer wonderful facilities. of these rivers, the first is the Teverone, which flows from Alba, a city of the Latins near to the country of the Marsi, and from thence through the plain below this [city], till it unites with the Tiber. After this come the Nera (Nar) and the Timia, which passing through Ombrica fall into the Tiber, and the Chiana, which flows through Tyrrhenia and the territory of Clusiumn. Augustus Caesar endeavoured to avert from the city damages of the kind alluded to, and instituted a company of freedmen, who should be ready to lend their assistance in cases of conflagration; whilst, as a preventive against the falling of houses, he decreed that all new buildings should not be carried so high as formerly, and that those erected along the public ways should not exceed seventy feet in height. But these improvements must have ceased only for the facilities afforded by the quarries, the forests, and the ease of transport. 5.3.8. These advantages accrued to the city from the nature of the country; but the foresight of the Romans added others besides. The Grecian cities are thought to have flourished mainly on account of the felicitous choice made by their founders, in regard to the beauty and strength of their sites, their proximity to some port, and the fineness of the country. But the Roman prudence was more particularly employed on matters which had received but little attention from the Greeks, such as paving their roads, constructing aqueducts, and sewers, to convey the sewage of the city into the Tiber. In fact, they have paved the roads, cut through hills, and filled up valleys, so that the merchandise may be conveyed by carriage from the ports. The sewers, arched over with hewn stones, are large enough in some parts for waggons loaded with hay to pass through; while so plentiful is the supply of water from the aqueducts, that rivers may be said to flow through the city and the sewers, and almost every house is furnished with water-pipes and copious fountains. To effect which Marcus Agrippa directed his special attention; he likewise bestowed upon the city numerous ornaments. We may remark, that the ancients, occupied with greater and more necessary concerns, paid but little attention to the beautifying of Rome. But their successors, and especially those of our own day, without neglecting these things, have at the same time embellished the city with numerous and splendid objects. Pompey, divus Caesar, and Augustus, with his children, friends, wife, and sister, have surpassed all others in their zeal and munificence in these decorations. The greater number of these may be seen in the Campus Martius, which to the beauties of nature adds those of art. The size of the plain is marvellous, permitting chariot-races and other feats of horsemanship without impediment, and multitudes to exercise themselves at ball, in the circus and the palaestra. The structures which surround it, the turf covered with herbage all the year round, the summits of the hills beyond the Tiber, extending from its banks with panoramic effect, present a spectacle which the eye abandons with regret. Near to this plain is another surrounded with columns, sacred groves, three theatres, an amphitheatre, and superb temples in close contiguity to each other; and so magnificent, that it would seem idle to describe the rest of the city after it. For this cause the Romans, esteeming it as the most sacred place, have there erected funeral monuments to the most illustrious persons of either sex. The most remarkable of these is that designated as the Mausoleum, which consists of a mound of earth raised upon a high foundation of white marble, situated near the river, and covered to the top with ever-green shrubs. Upon the summit is a bronze statue of Augustus Caesar, and beneath the mound are the ashes of himself, his relatives, and friends. Behind is a large grove containing charming promenades. In the centre of the plain, is the spot where this prince was reduced to ashes; it is surrounded with a double enclosure, one of marble, the other of iron, and planted within with poplars. If from hence you proceed to visit the ancient forum, which is equally filled with basilicas, porticos, and temples, you will there behold the Capitol, the Palatium, with the noble works which adorn them, and the promenade of Livia, each successive place causing you speedily to forget what you have before seen. Such is Rome.
8. Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander, 1.9.10 (1st cent. CE

1.9.10. καὶ τὴν Πινδάρου δὲ τοῦ ποιητοῦ οἰκίαν καὶ τοὺς ἀπογόνους τοῦ Πινδάρου λέγουσιν ὅτι διεφύλαξεν Ἀλέξανδρος αἰδοῖ τῇ Πινδάρου. ἐπὶ τούτοις Ὀρχόμενόν τε καὶ Πλαταιὰς ἀναστῆσαί τε καὶ τειχίσαι οἱ ξύμμαχοι ἔγνωσαν.
9. Plutarch, Alexander The Great, 11.12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, None (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

12. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.3 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeneas Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
alexander the great, and pindars house Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
alexander the great, and thebes Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
angerona Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
apollo Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
area, of spurius maelius Roller, Disclosure and Discretion in Roman Astrology: Manilius and his Augustan Contemporaries (2018) 242
artemisia i of caria Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
augustus, his funeral Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
boscoreale Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
caria Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
carya Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
caryatids, function in de architectura Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
caryatids, traditional association with erechtheum korai Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
caryatids, vitruvian etymology Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
caryatids Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
cassius, sp. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
clodius pulcher, p., his funeral Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
cora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
damnatio memoriae Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
dardanus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
diana Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
etymology Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
exemplarity, negative Roller, Disclosure and Discretion in Roman Astrology: Manilius and his Augustan Contemporaries (2018) 242
fannius synistor, p. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
flower, h. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
fundani Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
hermes Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
historia, anceps and triceps Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
house, and damnatio memoriae Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
house Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
iconography Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
italy (italia) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
julius caesar, c., his funeral Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
latium Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
livy Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
macedonia Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
maelius, sp. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
persian portico Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
pliny the elder Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
populares Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
quinctius cincinnatus, lucius Roller, Disclosure and Discretion in Roman Astrology: Manilius and his Augustan Contemporaries (2018) 242
rome, aequimaelium Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
rome, palatine hill Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
rome (city), secret names of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (city) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), arch of titus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), shrine of volupia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rome (monuments and features in city), velabrum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
romulus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
rüpke, j. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 89
solstices' Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
titus (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
toponyms, as monumental form, aequimaelium Roller, Disclosure and Discretion in Roman Astrology: Manilius and his Augustan Contemporaries (2018) 242
tullius cicero, m., his house in rome Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191
valerius soranus, q. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
varro marcus terentius varro Oksanish, Vitruvian Man: Rome Under Construction (2019) 78
vespasian (emperor) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 147
vitruvius vaccus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 191