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Thucydides, The History Of The Peloponnesian War, 6.54

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

14 results
1. Homer, Odyssey, 5.470 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2. Euripides, Bacchae, 222-223, 32-36, 218 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

218. πλασταῖσι βακχείαισιν, ἐν δὲ δασκίοις
3. Euripides, Hippolytus, 161 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

161. Yea, and oft o’er woman’s wayward nature settles a feeling of miserable perplexity, arising from labour-pains or passionate desire.
4. Herodotus, Histories, 1.60, 5.55, 5.71, 6.109, 6.123 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.60. But after a short time the partisans of Megacles and of Lycurgus made common cause and drove him out. In this way Pisistratus first got Athens and, as he had a sovereignty that was not yet firmly rooted, lost it. Presently his enemies who together had driven him out began to feud once more. ,Then Megacles, harassed by factional strife, sent a message to Pisistratus offering him his daughter to marry and the sovereign power besides. ,When this offer was accepted by Pisistratus, who agreed on these terms with Megacles, they devised a plan to bring Pisistratus back which, to my mind, was so exceptionally foolish that it is strange (since from old times the Hellenic stock has always been distinguished from foreign by its greater cleverness and its freedom from silly foolishness) that these men should devise such a plan to deceive Athenians, said to be the subtlest of the Greeks. ,There was in the Paeanian deme a woman called Phya, three fingers short of six feet, four inches in height, and otherwise, too, well-formed. This woman they equipped in full armor and put in a chariot, giving her all the paraphernalia to make the most impressive spectacle, and so drove into the city; heralds ran before them, and when they came into town proclaimed as they were instructed: ,“Athenians, give a hearty welcome to Pisistratus, whom Athena herself honors above all men and is bringing back to her own acropolis.” So the heralds went about proclaiming this; and immediately the report spread in the demes that Athena was bringing Pisistratus back, and the townsfolk, believing that the woman was the goddess herself, worshipped this human creature and welcomed Pisistratus. 5.55. When he was forced to leave Sparta, Aristagoras went to Athens, which had been freed from its ruling tyrants in the manner that I will show. First Hipparchus, son of Pisistratus and brother of the tyrant Hippias, had been slain by Aristogiton and Harmodius, men of Gephyraean descent. This was in fact an evil of which he had received a premonition in a dream. After this the Athenians were subject for four years to a tyranny not less but even more absolute than before. 5.71. How the Accursed at Athens had received their name, I will now relate. There was an Athenian named Cylon, who had been a winner at Olympia. This man put on the air of one who aimed at tyranny, and gathering a company of men of like age, he attempted to seize the citadel. When he could not win it, he took sanctuary by the goddess' statue. ,He and his men were then removed from their position by the presidents of the naval boards, the rulers of Athens at that time. Although they were subject to any penalty save death, they were slain, and their death was attributed to the Alcmaeonidae. All this took place before the time of Pisistratus. 6.109. The Athenian generals were of divided opinion, some advocating not fighting because they were too few to attack the army of the Medes; others, including Miltiades, advocating fighting. ,Thus they were at odds, and the inferior plan prevailed. An eleventh man had a vote, chosen by lot to be polemarch of Athens, and by ancient custom the Athenians had made his vote of equal weight with the generals. Callimachus of Aphidnae was polemarch at this time. Miltiades approached him and said, ,“Callimachus, it is now in your hands to enslave Athens or make her free, and thereby leave behind for all posterity a memorial such as not even Harmodius and Aristogeiton left. Now the Athenians have come to their greatest danger since they first came into being, and, if we surrender, it is clear what we will suffer when handed over to Hippias. But if the city prevails, it will take first place among Hellenic cities. ,I will tell you how this can happen, and how the deciding voice on these matters has devolved upon you. The ten generals are of divided opinion, some urging to attack, others urging not to. ,If we do not attack now, I expect that great strife will fall upon and shake the spirit of the Athenians, leading them to medize. But if we attack now, before anything unsound corrupts the Athenians, we can win the battle, if the gods are fair. ,All this concerns and depends on you in this way: if you vote with me, your country will be free and your city the first in Hellas. But if you side with those eager to avoid battle, you will have the opposite to all the good things I enumerated.” 6.123. The Alcmeonidae were tyrant-haters as much as Callias, or not less so. Therefore I find it a strange and unbelievable accusation that they of all men should have held up a shield; at all times they shunned tyrants, and it was by their contrivance that the sons of Pisistratus were deposed from their tyranny. ,Thus in my judgment it was they who freed Athens much more than did Harmodius and Aristogeiton. These only enraged the remaining sons of Pisistratus by killing Hipparchus, and did nothing to end the tyranny of the rest of them; but the Alcmeonidae plainly liberated their country, if they truly were the ones who persuaded the Pythian priestess to signify to the Lacedaemonians that they should free Athens, as I have previously shown.
5. Plato, Apology of Socrates, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

24b. this now or hereafter, you will find that it is so.Now so far as the accusations are concerned which my first accusers made against me, this is a sufficient defence before you; but against Meletus, the good and patriotic, as he says, and the later ones, I will try to defend myself next. So once more, as if these were another set of accusers, let us take up in turn their sworn statement. It is about as follows: it states that Socrates is a wrongdoer because he corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods the state believes in, but in other
6. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.2, 1.20-1.21, 1.20.1-1.20.3, 1.89, 1.120, 1.126, 2.97, 6.27-6.29, 6.52-6.53, 6.53.3, 6.54.1-6.54.2, 6.55-6.61, 6.59.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.20.1. Having now given the result of my inquiries into early times, I grant that there will be a difficulty in believing every particular detail. The way that most men deal with traditions, even traditions of their own country, is to receive them all alike as they are delivered, without applying any critical test whatever. 1.20.2. The general Athenian public fancy that Hipparchus was tyrant when he fell by the hands of Harmodius and Aristogiton; not knowing that Hippias, the eldest of the sons of Pisistratus, was really supreme, and that Hipparchus and Thessalus were his brothers; and that Harmodius and Aristogiton suspecting, on the very day, nay at the very moment fixed on for the deed, that information had been conveyed to Hippias by their accomplices, concluded that he had been warned, and did not attack him, yet, not liking to be apprehended and risk their lives for nothing, fell upon Hipparchus near the temple of the daughters of Leos, and slew him as he was arranging the Panathenaic procession. 1.20.3. There are many other unfounded ideas current among the rest of the Hellenes, even on matters of contemporary history which have not been obscured by time. For instance, there is the notion that the Lacedaemonian kings have two votes each, the fact being that they have only one; and that there is a company of Pitane, there being simply no such thing. So little pains do the vulgar take in the investigation of truth, accepting readily the first story that comes to hand. 6.53.3. The commons had heard how oppressive the tyranny of Pisistratus and his sons had become before it ended, and further that that tyranny had been put down at last, not by themselves and Harmodius, but by the Lacedaemonians, and so were always in fear and took everything suspiciously. 6.54.1. Indeed, the daring action of Aristogiton and Harmodius was undertaken in consequence of a love affair, which I shall relate at some length, to show that the Athenians are not more accurate than the rest of the world in their accounts of their own tyrants and of the facts of their own history. 6.54.2. Pisistratus dying at an advanced age in possession of the tyranny, was succeeded by his eldest son, Hippias, and not Hipparchus, as is vulgarly believed. Harmodius was then in the flower of youthful beauty, and Aristogiton, a citizen in the middle rank of life, was his lover and possessed him.
7. Xenophon, Memoirs, 1.2.24 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.2.24. And indeed it was thus with Critias and Alcibiades. So long as they were with Socrates, they found in him an ally who gave them strength to conquer their evil passions. But when they parted from him, Critias fled to Thessaly, and got among men who put lawlessness before justice; while Alcibiades, on account of his beauty, was hunted by many great ladies, and because of his influence at Athens and among her allies he was spoilt by many powerful men: and as athletes who gain an easy victory in the games are apt to neglect their training, so the honour in which he was held, the cheap triumph he won with the people, led him to neglect himself.
8. Xenophon, Symposium, 9.3-9.6 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

9.3. Then, to start proceedings, in came Ariadne, apparelled as a bride, and took her seat in the chair. Dionysus being still invisible, there was heard the Bacchic music played on a flute. Then it was that the assemblage was filled with admiration of the dancing master. For as soon as Ariadne heard the strain, her action was such that every one might have perceived her joy at the sound; and although she did not go to meet Dionysus, nor even rise, yet it was clear that she kept her composure with difficulty. 9.4. But when Dionysus caught sight of her, he came dancing toward her and in a most loving manner sat himself on her lap, and putting his arms about her gave her a kiss. Her demeanour was all modesty, and yet she returned his embrace with affection. As the banqueters beheld it, they kept clapping and crying encore! 9.5. Then when Dionysus arose and gave his hand to Ariadne to rise also, there was presented the impersonation of lovers kissing and caressing each other. The onlookers viewed a Dionysus truly handsome, an Ariadne truly fair, not presenting a burlesque but offering genuine kisses with their lips; and they were all raised to a high pitch of enthusiasm as they looked on. 9.6. For they overheard Dionysus asking her if she loved him, and heard her vowing that she did, so earnestly that not only Dionysus but all the bystanders as well would have taken their oaths in confirmation that the youth and the maid surely felt a mutual affection. For theirs was the appearance not of actors who had been taught their poses but of persons now permitted to satisfy their long-cherished desires.
9. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 57.1-57.2 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

10. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 1.69.7 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.69.7.  Now as for the stories invented by Herodotus and certain writers on Egyptian affairs, who deliberately preferred to the truth the telling of marvellous tales and the invention of myths for the delectation of their readers, these we shall omit, and we shall set forth only what appears in the written records of the priests of Egypt and has passed our careful scrutiny.
11. Plutarch, Lycurgus, 18, 17 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12. Andocides, Orations, 1.45, 1.111

13. Andocides, Orations, 1.45, 1.111

14. Lysias, Orations, 5.3, 5.5, 6.4

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
acropolis,athenian,honors on Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
acropolis Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
acusilaus Morrison (2020) 33
agathon Pucci (2016) 66
alcibiades Hubbard (2014) 447; Pucci (2016) 66
alcmaeonids Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
alterity/otherness Pucci (2016) 66
alternative versions Morrison (2020) 32
amphictyonic league,delphi Lalone (2019) 193
amphiktyony Lalone (2019) 193
anachronism Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
ananke(necessity) Pucci (2016) 66
anthela Lalone (2019) 193
antiphon Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
antony Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
archons Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
ares Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
aristocracy,aristocrats,aristocratic Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
aristogeiton,and harmodios Steiner (2001) 219
aristogeiton Brodd and Reed (2011) 91; Pucci (2016) 66, 160
aristotle Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
asebeia Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
athena,nike Lalone (2019) 193
athena,polias Lalone (2019) 193
athens,establishment of imperial cult in Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
athens,freedom narrative in Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
athens Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
attalos of pergamum Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
berossus Morrison (2020) 33
civic life Steiner (2001) 219
coinage,coins,athenian Lalone (2019) 193
colchis,colchians Morrison (2020) 32
cult/cultic Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
cultic regulations Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
cultural isolation Pucci (2016) 66
cylon Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
denunciation Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
egypt,egyptians Morrison (2020) 32
ephēgēsis Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
eros,bacchants,obsession of pentheus with sexual impropriety of Pucci (2016) 160
eros,greek interest in Pucci (2016) 66
eros,isolation/otherness and Pucci (2016) 66
eros,self,dispossession of Pucci (2016) 66
ethnography Morrison (2020) 32, 33
euboea Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
eupatrids Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
euthune Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
foreigners Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
fowler,r. Morrison (2020) 32, 33
genette,gérard Kirkland (2022) 19
harmodios and aristogeiton Steiner (2001) 219
harmodius and aristogeiton Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
hecataeus,of abdera Morrison (2020) 32
hecataeus,of miletus Morrison (2020) 33
herodotus Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
heroes Steiner (2001) 219
hinds,stephen Kirkland (2022) 19
hipparchos,son peisistratos Lalone (2019) 193
hipparchos Steiner (2001) 219
hippias,tyrant,son of peisistratos Lalone (2019) 193
homicide Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
homosexuality Steiner (2001) 219
intertextuality,hypotextual activation Kirkland (2022) 19
isodamos Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
ister,river Morrison (2020) 32
lateiner,d. Morrison (2020) 32
law,on pederasty Hubbard (2014) 120
law Papaioannou et al. (2021) 53
lucian,true histories Kirkland (2022) 19
lydia,lydians Morrison (2020) 32
marcus,sharon Kirkland (2022) 19
marincola,j. Morrison (2020) 32
megara,megarians Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
mendelsohn,daniel Pucci (2016) 160
modello-codice,herodotus as Morrison (2020) 32, 33
modello-codice,homer as Morrison (2020) 33
modello-codice Morrison (2020) 33
nero,new dionysus,antony as Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
nile,river Morrison (2020) 32
nomoi Morrison (2020) 32
non-greeks Morrison (2020) 33
nudity,of harmodios and aristogeiton Steiner (2001) 219
oligarchy,oligarchs Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
orthagoras Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
otherness/alterity Pucci (2016) 66
pederasty,in athens Hubbard (2014) 109, 120
pederasty,visual representations of Hubbard (2014) 109
pederasty Steiner (2001) 219
peisistratids Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
peisistratos,tyrant of athens Lalone (2019) 193
pentekontaetia Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
persia,persians Morrison (2020) 32
persian wars Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
pherecydes Morrison (2020) 33
philip v of macedon Brodd and Reed (2011) 91
plutarch Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
prytaneis,,of the naukraroi Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
public office,officials Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
reception,concepts of Kirkland (2022) 18, 19
reception,kinetic reception Kirkland (2022) 18, 19
revolution Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
scythia,scythians Morrison (2020) 32
sicyon Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
socrates,on pederasty Hubbard (2014) 120
socrates Pucci (2016) 66
sources,,deriving from oral tradition Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
sources,historiographical approach to Morrison (2020) 33
statuary,harmodios and aristogeiton of kritios and nesiotes Steiner (2001) 219
susanetti,davide Pucci (2016) 160
theagenes Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
thomas,rosiland Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
thrace,thracians Morrison (2020) 32
thucydides,in opposition to herodotus Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
thucydides,kinetic reception of herodotus Kirkland (2022) 18, 19
thucydides Morrison (2020) 32, 33; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
timaeus Morrison (2020) 33
truth Kingsley Monti and Rood (2022) 376
tukhe(chance) Pucci (2016) 66
tynnondas Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
tyranny,tyrants Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
wealth Raaflaub Ober and Wallace (2007) 52
women in greek culture greek misogyny and Pucci (2016) 160
women in greek culture isolation of' Pucci (2016) 66
xerxes Brodd and Reed (2011) 91