Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10882
Thucydides, The History Of The Peloponnesian War, 5.16.1


ἐπειδὴ δὲ καὶ ἡ ἐν Ἀμφιπόλει ἧσσα τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις ἐγεγένητο καὶ ἐτεθνήκει Κλέων τε καὶ Βρασίδας, οἵπερ ἀμφοτέρωθεν μάλιστα ἠναντιοῦντο τῇ εἰρήνῃ, ὁ μὲν διὰ τὸ εὐτυχεῖν τε καὶ τιμᾶσθαι ἐκ τοῦ πολεμεῖν, ὁ δὲ γενομένης ἡσυχίας καταφανέστερος νομίζων ἂν εἶναι κακουργῶν καὶ ἀπιστότερος διαβάλλων, τότε δὴ ἑκατέρᾳ τῇ πόλει σπεύδοντες τὰ μάλιστα τὴν ἡγεμονίαν Πλειστοάναξ τε ὁ Παυσανίου βασιλεὺς Λακεδαιμονίων καὶ Νικίας ὁ Νικηράτου, πλεῖστα τῶν τότε εὖ φερόμενος ἐν στρατηγίαις, πολλῷ δὴ μᾶλλον προυθυμοῦντο, Νικίας μὲν βουλόμενος, ἐν ᾧ ἀπαθὴς ἦν καὶ ἠξιοῦτο, διασώσασθαι τὴν εὐτυχίαν, καὶ ἔς τε τὸ αὐτίκα πόνων πεπαῦσθαι καὶ αὐτὸς καὶ τοὺς πολίτας παῦσαι καὶ τῷ μέλλοντι χρόνῳ καταλιπεῖν ὄνομα ὡς οὐδὲν σφήλας τὴν πόλιν διεγένετο, νομίζων ἐκ τοῦ ἀκινδύνου τοῦτο ξυμβαίνειν καὶ ὅστις ἐλάχιστα τύχῃ αὑτὸν παραδίδωσι, τὸ δὲ ἀκίνδυνον τὴν εἰρήνην παρέχειν, Πλειστοάναξ δὲ ὑπὸ τῶν ἐχθρῶν διαβαλλόμενος περὶ τῆς καθόδου, καὶ ἐς ἐνθυμίαν τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις αἰεὶ προβαλλόμενος ὑπ’ αὐτῶν, ὁπότε τι πταίσειαν, ὡς διὰ τὴν ἐκείνου κάθοδον παρανομηθεῖσαν ταῦτα ξυμβαίνοι.Now, however, after the Athenian defeat at Amphipolis, and the death of Cleon and Brasidas, who had been the two principal opponents of peace on either side—the latter from the success and honor which war gave him, the former because he thought that, if tranquillity were restored, his crimes would be more open to detection and his slanders less credited—the foremost candidates for power in either city, Pleistoanax, son of Pausanias, king of Lacedaemon, and Nicias, son of Niceratus, the most fortunate general of his time, each desired peace more ardently than ever. Nicias, while still happy and honored, wished to secure his good fortune, to obtain a present release from trouble for himself and his countrymen, and hand down to posterity a name as an ever-successful statesman, and thought the way to do this was to keep out of danger and commit himself as little as possible to fortune, and that peace alone made this keeping out of danger possible. Pleistoanax, again, was assailed by his enemies for his restoration, and regularly held up by them to the prejudice of his countrymen, upon every reverse that befell them, as though his unjust restoration were the cause;


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Aristophanes, Acharnians, 530 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

530. ἐντεῦθεν ὀργῇ Περικλέης οὑλύμπιος
2. Aristophanes, Knights, 112, 16-18, 111 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

111. ἕως καθεύδει. ταῦτ'. ἀτὰρ τοῦ δαίμονος
3. Sophocles, Antigone, 31 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.22.4, 1.126-1.127, 2.36.2, 2.43.3, 2.52.4, 2.65.8-2.65.9, 3.37, 3.37.3, 3.41-3.42, 3.82.8, 4.27-4.28, 4.41.4, 5.16, 5.19, 5.24, 5.26, 5.43, 6.9.3, 6.15.3-6.15.4, 6.16.2, 6.17.1, 6.46, 7.11-7.15, 7.48.2-7.48.4, 7.50.4, 7.77, 7.77.2, 7.86.5, 8.73.3 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.22.4. The absence of romance in my history will, I fear, detract somewhat from its interest; but if it be judged useful by those inquirers who desire an exact knowledge of the past as an aid to the interpretation of the future, which in the course of human things must resemble if it does not reflect it, I shall be content. In fine, I have written my work, not as an essay which is to win the applause of the moment, but as a possession for all time. 2.36.2. And if our more remote ancestors deserve praise, much more do our own fathers, who added to their inheritance the empire which we now possess, and spared no pains to be able to leave their acquisitions to us of the present generation. 2.43.3. For heroes have the whole earth for their tomb; and in lands far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart. 2.52.4. All the burial rites before in use were entirely upset, and they buried the bodies as best they could. Many from want of the proper appliances, through so many of their friends having died already, had recourse to the most shameless sepultures: sometimes getting the start of those who had raised a pile, they threw their own dead body upon the stranger's pyre and ignited it; sometimes they tossed the corpse which they were carrying on the top of another that was burning, and so went off. 2.65.8. The causes of this are not far to seek. Pericles indeed, by his rank, ability, and known integrity, was enabled to exercise an independent control over the multitude—in short, to lead them instead of being led by them; for as he never sought power by improper means, he was never compelled to flatter them, but, on the contrary, enjoyed so high an estimation that he could afford to anger them by contradiction. 2.65.9. Whenever he saw them unseasonably and insolently elated, he would with a word reduce them to alarm; on the other hand, if they fell victims to a panic, he could at once restore them to confidence. In short, what was nominally a democracy became in his hands government by the first citizen. 3.37.3. The most alarming feature in the case is the constant change of measures with which we appear to be threatened, and our seeming ignorance of the fact that bad laws which are never changed are better for a city than good ones that have no authority; that unlearned loyalty is more serviceable than quick-witted insubordination; and that ordinary men usually manage public affairs better than their more gifted fellows. 3.82.8. The cause of all these evils was the lust for power arising from greed and ambition; and from these passions proceeded the violence of parties once engaged in contention. The leaders in the cities, each provided with the fairest professions, on the one side with the cry of political equality of the people, on the other of a moderate aristocracy, sought prizes for themselves in those public interests which they pretended to cherish, and, recoiling from no means in their struggles for ascendancy, engaged in the direct excesses; in their acts of vengeance they went to even greater lengths, not stopping at what justice or the good of the state demanded, but making the party caprice of the moment their only standard, and invoking with equal readiness the condemnation of an unjust verdict or the authority of the strong arm to glut the animosities of the hour. Thus religion was in honor with neither party; but the use of fair phrases to arrive at guilty ends was in high reputation. Meanwhile the moderate part of the citizens perished between the two, either for not joining in the quarrel, or because envy would not suffer them to escape. 4.41.4. The Athenians, however, kept grasping at more, and dismissed envoy after envoy without their having effected anything. Such was the history of the affair of Pylos . 6.9.3. Against your character any words of mine would be weak enough; if I were to advise your keeping what you have got and not risking what is actually yours for advantages which are dubious in themselves, and which you may or may not attain. I will, therefore, content myself with showing that your ardour is out of season, and your ambition not easy of accomplishment. 6.15.3. For the position he held among the citizens led him to indulge his tastes beyond what his real means would bear, both in keeping horses and in the rest of his expenditure; and this later on had not a little to do with the ruin of the Athenian state. 6.15.4. Alarmed at the greatness of his license in his own life and habits, and of the ambition which he showed in all things soever that he undertook, the mass of the people set him down as a pretender to the tyranny, and became his enemies; and although publicly his conduct of the war was as good as could be desired individually, his habits gave offence to every one, and caused them to commit affairs to other hands, and thus before long to ruin the city. 6.16.2. The Hellenes, after expecting to see our city ruined by the war, concluded it to be even greater than it really is, by reason of the magnificence with which I represented it at the Olympic games, when I sent into the lists seven chariots, a number never before entered by any private person, and won the first prize, and was second and fourth, and took care to have everything else in a style worthy of my victory. Custom regards such displays as honourable, and they cannot be made without leaving behind them an impression of power. 6.17.1. Thus did my youth and so-called monstrous folly find fitting arguments to deal with the power of the Peloponnesians, and by its ardour win their confidence and prevail. And do not be afraid of my youth now, but while I am still in its flower, and Nicias appears fortunate, avail yourselves to the utmost of the services of us both. 7.48.2. Moreover, his own particular information still gave him reason to hope that the affairs of the enemy would soon be in a worse state than their own, if the Athenians persevered in the siege; as they would wear out the Syracusans by want of money, especially with the more extensive command of the sea now given them by their present navy. Besides this, there was a party in Syracuse who wished to betray the city to the Athenians, and kept sending him messages and telling him not to raise the siege. 7.48.3. Accordingly, knowing this and really waiting because he hesitated between the two courses and wished to see his way more clearly, in his public speech on this occasion he refused to lead off the army, saying he was sure the Athenians would never approve of their returning without a vote of theirs. Those who would vote upon their conduct, instead of judging the facts as eye-witnesses like themselves and not from what they might hear from hostile critics, would simply be guided by the calumnies of the first clever speaker; 7.50.4. All was at last ready, and they were on the point of sailing away, when an eclipse of the moon, which was then at the full, took place. Most of the Athenians, deeply impressed by this occurrence, now urged the generals to wait; and Nicias, who was somewhat over-addicted to divination and practices of that kind, refused from that moment even to take the question of departure into consideration, until they had waited the thrice nine days prescribed by the soothsayers. The besiegers were thus condemned to stay in the country; 7.77.2. I myself who am not superior to any of you in strength—indeed you see how I am in my sickness—and who in the gifts of fortune am, I think, whether in private life or otherwise, the equal of any, am now exposed to the same danger as the meanest among you; and yet my life has been one of much devotion towards the gods, and of much justice and without offence towards men. 7.86.5. This or the like was the cause of the death of a man who, of all the Hellenes in my time, least deserved such a fate, seeing that the whole course of his life had been regulated with strict attention to virtue.
5. Xenophon, Hellenica, 2.3.24 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

2.3.24. Then when Theramenes arrived, Critias arose and spoke as follows: Gentlemen of the Senate, if anyone among you thinks that more people than is fitting are being put to death, let him reflect that where governments are changed these things always take place; and it is inevitable that those who are changing the government here to an oligarchy should have most numerous enemies, both because the state is the most populous of the Greek states and because the commons have been bred up in a condition of freedom for the longest time.
6. Plutarch, Alcibiades, 13 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Plutarch, Nicias, 9.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
akamantis tribe Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
alcibiades Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217; Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 100; Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 169, 178, 452, 459, 547
alcidas Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
alciphron Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
aristophanes, humor in Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
armistice / truce / alliance ofnan Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 573
artemisium Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452
athenian empire Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
aïgeis tribe Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
cleoboulos Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
cleon Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 169, 452, 458
comedy, old comedy Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452, 547
crassus Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217
critias Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
diodotus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 178, 458
egesteans Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
hermocrates Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 177
herodotus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452
hippias of arcadia Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
humor, in thucydides Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
hyperbolus Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217
in Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
mantinea Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
meletos Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
nicias, career of Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
nicias, peace of Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
nicias Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217; Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 169, 177, 178, 452, 458, 459, 547
oaths, to provoke response Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
paches Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
peace of nicias Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
pericles, as speaker Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 100, 101
phrynichos (politician) Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452
plague' Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
plataea, battle of plataea Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452
plataeans Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 547
plato, humor in Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
pleistoanax Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 178, 458
quotation, with gesture or tone of voice Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 100, 101
salamis Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452, 573
sicilian expedition Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 458
sicily Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 178, 459
simonides of ceos Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 452
socrates, irony of Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
sparta Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217
strategos ex hapantōn Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 636
theramenes Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101
thrasyl(l)os Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
thucydides, son of melesias, audience, reader Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 573
thucydides Beneker et al., Plutarch’s Unexpected Silences: Suppression and Selection in the Lives and Moralia (2022) 217
xenares Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 459
α\x1e γαθ\x1b\x1a ς, \x1b\x17, used ironically Boeghold, When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature (2022) 101