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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10882
Thucydides, The History Of The Peloponnesian War, 4.17.4


‘ὑμῖν γὰρ εὐτυχίαν τὴν παροῦσαν ἔξεστι καλῶς θέσθαι, ἔχουσι μὲν ὧν κρατεῖτε, προσλαβοῦσι δὲ τιμὴν καὶ δόξαν, καὶ μὴ παθεῖν ὅπερ οἱ ἀήθως τι ἀγαθὸν λαμβάνοντες τῶν ἀνθρώπων: αἰεὶ γὰρ τοῦ πλέονος ἐλπίδι ὀρέγονται διὰ τὸ καὶ τὰ παρόντα ἀδοκήτως εὐτυχῆσαι.You can now, if you choose, employ your present success to advantage, so as to keep what you have got and gain honor and reputation besides, and you can avoid the mistake of those who meet with an extraordinary piece of good fortune, and are led on by hope to grasp continually at something further, through having already succeeded without expecting it.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Pindar, Pythian Odes, 4.184-4.185, 8.89-8.93 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Aristophanes, The Women Celebrating The Thesmophoria, 870, 869 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

869. ἀλλ' ὥσπερ αἰκάλλει τι καρδίαν ἐμήν.
3. Euripides, Medea, 1036, 1035 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1035. a boon we mortals covet; but now is my sweet fancy dead and gone; for I must lose you both and in bitterness and sorrow drag through life. And ye shall never with fond eyes see your mother more, for o’er your life there comes a change.
4. Euripides, Suppliant Women, 479 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5. Sophocles, Ajax, 479, 478 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.13.6, 1.18.1, 1.20, 1.22.4, 1.73.3, 1.78, 1.78.4, 1.84.3-1.84.4, 1.95.3, 1.140, 2.40.1, 2.61.3, 2.64.1, 3.1-3.3, 3.3.1, 3.3.3, 3.39.3, 3.45.4-3.45.6, 3.46.1, 3.82.2, 4.10.1, 4.12.3, 4.14.3, 4.17.5, 4.18.4, 4.21.2-4.21.3, 4.40.1, 4.41.3-4.41.4, 4.55.1, 4.55.4, 4.65.4, 4.92.2, 4.106.1, 5.14.2-5.14.3, 6.4-6.5, 6.8.2, 6.10.5, 6.13.1, 6.15.2-6.15.4, 6.16.6, 6.24.2-6.24.4, 6.30.2, 6.31.3, 6.31.6, 6.33.2, 6.53-6.59, 6.83.1, 7.18.2, 8.2.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.13.6. Subsequently the Ionians attained to great naval strength in the reign of Cyrus, the first king of the Persians, and of his son Cambyses, and while they were at war with the former commanded for a while the Ionian sea. Polycrates also, the tyrant of Samos, had a powerful navy in the reign of Cambyses with which he reduced many of the islands, and among them Rhenea, which he consecrated to the Delian Apollo. About this time also the Phocaeans, while they were founding Marseilles, defeated the Carthaginians in a sea-fight. 1.18.1. But at last a time came when the tyrants of Athens and the far older tyrannies of the rest of Hellas were, with the exception of those in Sicily, once and for all put down by Lacedaemon ; for this city, though after the settlement of the Dorians, its present inhabitants, it suffered from factions for an unparalleled length of time, still at a very early period obtained good laws, and enjoyed a freedom from tyrants which was unbroken; it has possessed the same form of government for more than four hundred years, reckoning to the end of the late war, and has thus been in a position to arrange the affairs of the other states. Not many years after the deposition of the tyrants, the battle of Marathon was fought between the Medes and the Athenians. 1.22.4. The absence of romance in my history will, I fear, detract somewhat from its interest; but if it be judged useful by those inquirers who desire an exact knowledge of the past as an aid to the interpretation of the future, which in the course of human things must resemble if it does not reflect it, I shall be content. In fine, I have written my work, not as an essay which is to win the applause of the moment, but as a possession for all time. 1.73.3. However, the story shall be told not so much to deprecate hostility as to testify against it, and to show, if you are so ill-advised as to enter into a struggle with Athens, what sort of an antagonist she is likely to prove. 1.78.4. But we are not yet by any means so misguided, nor, so far as we can see, are you; accordingly, while it is still open to us both to choose aright, we bid you not to dissolve the treaty, or to break your oaths, but to have our differences settled by arbitration according to our agreement. Or else we take the gods who heard the oaths to witness, and if you begin hostilities, whatever line of action you choose, we will try not to be behindhand in repelling you.’ 1.84.3. We are both warlike and wise, and it is our sense of order that makes us so. We are warlike, because self-control contains honor as a chief constituent, and honor bravery. And we are wise, because we are educated with too little learning to despise the laws, and with too severe a self-control to disobey them, and are brought up not to be too knowing in useless matters,—such as the knowledge which can give a specious criticism of an enemy's plans in theory, but fails to assail them with equal success in practice,—but are taught to consider that the schemes of our enemies are not dissimilar to our own, and that the freaks of chance are not determinable by calculation. 1.84.4. In practice we always base our preparations against an enemy on the assumption that his plans are good; indeed, it is right to rest our hopes not on a belief in his blunders, but on the soundness of our provisions. Nor ought we to believe that there is much difference between man and man, but to think that the superiority lies with him who is reared in the severest school. 1.95.3. In the meantime the Lacedaemonians recalled Pausanias for an investigation of the reports which had reached them. Manifold and grave accusations had been brought against him by Hellenes arriving in Sparta ; and, to all appearance, there had been in him more of the mimicry of a despot than of the attitude of a general. 2.40.1. We cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to the fact but in declining the struggle against it. 2.61.3. For before what is sudden, unexpected, and least within calculation the spirit quails; and putting all else aside, the plague has certainly been an emergency of this kind. 2.64.1. But you must not be seduced by citizens like these nor be angry with me,—who, if I voted for war, only did as you did yourselves,—in spite of the enemy having invaded your country and done what you could be certain that he would do, if you refused to comply with his demands; and although besides what we counted for, the plague has come upon us—the only point indeed at which our calculation has been at fault. It is this, I know, that has had a large share in making me more unpopular than I should otherwise have been,—quite undeservedly, unless you are also prepared to give me the credit of any success with which chance may present you. 3.3.1. However, the Athenians, distressed by the plague, and by the war that had recently broken out and was now raging, thought it a serious matter to add Lesbos with its fleet and untouched resources to the list of their enemies; and at first would not believe the charge, giving too much weight to their wish that it might not be true. But when an embassy which they sent had failed to persuade the Mitylenians to give up the union and preparations complained of, they became alarmed, and resolved to strike the first blow. 3.3.3. word having been brought them of a festival in honor of the Malean Apollo outside the town, which is kept by the whole people of Mitylene, and at which, if haste were made, they might hope to take them by surprise. If this plan succeeded, well and good; if not, they were to order the Mitylenians to deliver up their ships and to pull down their walls, and if they did not obey, to declare war. 3.39.3. The fate of those of their neighbors who had already rebelled and had been subdued, was no lesson to them; their own prosperity could not dissuade them from affronting danger; but blindly confident in the future, and full of hopes beyond their power though not beyond their ambition, they declared war and made their decision to prefer might to right, their attack being determined not by provocation but by the moment which seemed propitious. 3.45.4. Either then some means of terror more terrible than this must be discovered, or it must be owned that this restraint is useless; and that as long as poverty gives men the courage of necessity, or plenty fills them with the ambition which belongs to insolence and pride, and the other conditions of life remain each under the thraldom of some fatal and master passion, so long will the impulse never be wanting to drive men into danger. 3.45.5. Hope also and cupidity, the one leading and the other following, the one conceiving the attempt, the other suggesting the facility of succeeding, cause the widest ruin, and, although invisible agents, are far stronger than the dangers that are seen. 3.45.6. Fortune, too, powerfully helps the delusion, and by the unexpected aid that she sometimes lends, tempts men to venture with inferior means; and this is especially the case with communities, because the stakes played for are the highest, freedom or empire, and, when all are acting together, each man irrationally magnifies his own capacity. 3.46.1. We must not, therefore, commit ourselves to a false policy through a belief in the efficacy of the punishment of death, or exclude rebels from the hope of repentance and an early atonement of their error. 3.82.2. The sufferings which revolution entailed upon the cities were many and terrible, such as have occurred and always will occur, as long as the nature of mankind remains the same; though in a severer or milder form, and varying in their symptoms, according to the variety of the particular cases. In peace and prosperity states and individuals have better sentiments, because they do not find themselves suddenly confronted with imperious necessities; but war takes away the easy supply of daily wants, and so proves a rough master, that brings most men's characters to a level with their fortunes. 4.10.1. ‘Soldiers and comrades in this adventure, I hope that none of you in our present strait will think to show his wit by exactly calculating all the perils that encompass us, but that you will rather hasten to close with the enemy, without staying to count the odds, seeing in this your best chance of safety. In emergencies like ours calculation is out of place; the sooner the danger is faced the better. 4.12.3. It was a strange reversal of the order of things for Athenians to be fighting from the lands and from Laconian land too, against Lacedaemonians coming from the sea; while Lacedaemonians were trying to land from shipboard in their own country, now become hostile, to attack Athenians, although the former were chiefly famous at the time as an inland people and superior by land, the latter as a maritime people with a navy that had no equal. 4.14.3. Great was the melee, and quite in contradiction to the naval tactics usual to the two combatants; the Lacedaemonians in their excitement and dismay being actually engaged in a sea-fight on land, while the victorious Athenians, in their eagerness to push their success as far as possible, were carrying on a land-fight from their ships. 4.17.5. While those who have known most vicissitudes of good and bad, have also justly least faith in their prosperity; and to teach your city and ours this lesson experience has not been wanting. 4.18.4. Indeed sensible men are prudent enough to treat their gains as precarious, just as they would also keep a clear head in adversity, and think that war, so far from staying within the limit to which a combatant may wish to confine it, will run the course that its chances prescribe; and thus, not being puffed up by confidence in military success, they are less likely to come to grief, and most ready to make peace, if they can, while their fortune lasts. 4.21.2. The Athenians, however, having the men on the island, thought that the treaty would be ready for them whenever they chose to make it, and grasped at something further. 4.21.3. Foremost to encourage them in this policy was Cleon, son of Cleaenetus, a popular leader of the time and very powerful with the multitude, who persuaded them to answer as follows: First, the men in the island must surrender themselves and their arms and be brought to Athens . Next; the Lacedaemonians must restore Nisaea, Pegae, Troezen, and Achaia, all places acquired not by arms, but by the previous convention, under which they had been ceded by Athens herself at a moment of disaster, when a truce was more necessary to her than at present. This done they might take back their men, and make a truce for as long as both parties might agree. 4.40.1. Nothing that happened in the war surprised the Hellenes so much as this. It was the opinion that no force or famine could make the Lacedaemonians give up their arms, but that they would fight on as they could, and die with them in their hands: 4.41.3. The Lacedaemonians, hitherto without experience of incursions or a warfare of the kind, finding the Helots deserting, and fearing the march of revolution in their country, began to be seriously uneasy, and in spite of their unwillingness to betray this to the Athenians began to send envoys to Athens, and tried to recover Pylos and the prisoners. 4.41.4. The Athenians, however, kept grasping at more, and dismissed envoy after envoy without their having effected anything. Such was the history of the affair of Pylos . 4.55.1. The Lacedaemonians seeing the Athenians masters of Cythera, and expecting descents of the kind upon their coasts, nowhere opposed them in force, but sent garrisons here and there through the country, consisting of as many heavy infantry as the points menaced seemed to require, and generally stood very much upon the defensive. After the severe and unexpected blow that had befallen them in the island, the occupation of Pylos and Cythera, and the apparition on every side of a war whose rapidity defied precaution, they lived in constant fear of internal revolution 4.55.4. and thus scarcely dared to take the field, but fancied that they could not stir without a blunder, for being new to the experience of adversity they had lost all confidence in themselves. 4.65.4. So thoroughly had the present prosperity persuaded the citizens that nothing could withstand them, and that they could achieve what was possible and impracticable alike, with means ample or inadequate it mattered not. The secret of this was their general extraordinary success, which made them confuse their strength with their hopes. 4.92.2. And if any one has taken up with the idea in question for reasons of safety, it is high time for him to change his mind. The party attacked, whose own country is in danger, can scarcely discuss what is prudent with the calmness of men who are in full enjoyment of what they have got, and are thinking of attacking a neighbour in order to get more. 5.14.2. besides, she was afraid of her allies being tempted by her reverses to rebel more generally, and repented having let go the splendid opportunity for peace which the affair of Pylos had offered. 5.14.3. Lacedaemon, on the other hand, found the event of the war falsify her notion that a few years would suffice for the overthrow of the power of the Athenians by the devastation of their land. She had suffered on the island a disaster hitherto unknown at Sparta ; she saw her country plundered from Pylos and Cythera ; the Helots were deserting, and she was in constant apprehension that those who remained in Peloponnese would rely upon those outside and take advantage of the situation to renew their old attempts at revolution. 6.8.2. The Athenians held an assembly, and after hearing from the Egestaeans and their own envoys a report, as attractive as it was untrue, upon the state of affairs generally, and in particular as to the money, of which, it was said, there was abundance in the temples and the treasury, voted to send sixty ships to Sicily, under the command of Alcibiades, son of Clinias, Nicias, son of Niceratus, and Lamachus, son of Xenophanes, who were appointed with full powers; they were to help the Egestaeans against the Selinuntines, to restore Leontini upon gaining any advantage in the war, and to order all other matters in Sicily as they should deem best for the interests of Athens . 6.10.5. A man ought, therefore, to consider these points, and not to think of running risks with a country placed so critically, or of grasping at another empire before we have secured the one we have already; for in fact the Thracian Chalcidians have been all these years in revolt from us without being yet subdued, and others on the continents yield us but a doubtful obedience. Meanwhile the Egestaeans, our allies, have been wronged, and we run to help them, while the rebels who have so long wronged us still wait for punishment. 6.13.1. When I see such persons now sitting here at the side of that same individual and summoned by him, alarm seizes me; and I, in my turn, summon any of the older men that may have such a person sitting next him, not to let himself be shamed down, for fear of being thought a coward if he do not vote for war, but, remembering how rarely success is got by wishing and how often by forecast, to leave to them the mad dream of conquest, and as a true lover of his country, now threatened by the greatest danger in its history, to hold up his hand on the other side; to vote that the Siceliots be left in the limits now existing between us, limits of which no one can complain (the Ionian sea for the coasting voyage, and the Sicilian across the open main), to enjoy their own possessions and to settle their own quarrels; 6.15.2. By far the warmest advocate of the expedition was, however, Alcibiades, son of Clinias, who wished to thwart Nicias both as his political opponent and also because of the attack he had made upon him in his speech, and who was, besides, exceedingly ambitious of a command by which he hoped to reduce Sicily and Carthage, and personally to gain in wealth and reputation by means of his successes. 6.15.3. For the position he held among the citizens led him to indulge his tastes beyond what his real means would bear, both in keeping horses and in the rest of his expenditure; and this later on had not a little to do with the ruin of the Athenian state. 6.15.4. Alarmed at the greatness of his license in his own life and habits, and of the ambition which he showed in all things soever that he undertook, the mass of the people set him down as a pretender to the tyranny, and became his enemies; and although publicly his conduct of the war was as good as could be desired individually, his habits gave offence to every one, and caused them to commit affairs to other hands, and thus before long to ruin the city. 6.16.6. Such are my aspirations, and however I am abused for them in private, the question is whether any one manages public affairs better than I do. Having united the most powerful states of Peloponnese, without great danger or expense to you, I compelled the Lacedaemonians to stake their all upon the issue of a single day at Mantinea ; and although victorious in the battle, they have never since fully recovered confidence. 6.24.2. The Athenians, however, far from having their taste for the voyage taken away by the burdensomeness of the preparations, became more eager for it than ever; and just the contrary took place of what Nicias had thought, as it was held that he had given good advice, and that the expedition would be the safest in the world. 6.24.3. All alike fell in love with the enterprise. The older men thought that they would either subdue the places against which they were to sail, or at all events, with so large a force, meet with no disaster; those in the prime of life felt a longing for foreign sights and spectacles, and had no doubt that they should come safe home again; while the idea of the common people and the soldiery was to earn wages at the moment, and make conquests that would supply a never-ending fund of pay for the future. 6.24.4. With this enthusiasm of the majority, the few that liked it not, feared to appear unpatriotic by holding up their hands against it, and so kept quiet. 6.30.2. With them also went down the whole population, one may say, of the city, both citizens and foreigners; the inhabitants of the country each escorting those that belonged to them, their friends, their relatives, or their sons, with hope and lamentation upon their way, as they thought of the conquests which they hoped to make, or of the friends whom they might never see again, considering the long voyage which they were going to make from their country. 6.31.3. But these were sent upon a short voyage and with a scanty equipment. The present expedition was formed in contemplation of a long term of service by land and sea alike, and was furnished with ships and troops so as to be ready for either as required. The fleet had been elaborately equipped at great cost to the captains and the state; the treasury giving a drachma a day to each seaman, and providing empty ships, sixty men of war and forty transports, and manning these with the best crews obtainable; while the captains gave a bounty in addition to the pay from the treasury to the thranitae and crews generally, besides spending lavishly upon figure-heads and equipments, and one and all making the utmost exertions to enable their own ships to excel in beauty and fast sailing. Meanwhile the land forces had been picked from the best muster-rolls, and vied with each other in paying great attention to their arms and personal accoutrements. 6.31.6. Indeed the expedition became not less famous for its wonderful boldness and for the splendour of its appearance, than for its overwhelming strength as compared with the peoples against whom it was directed, and for the fact that this was the longest passage from home hitherto attempted, and the most ambitious in its objects considering the resources of those who undertook it. 6.33.2. Much as you wonder at it, the Athenians nevertheless have set out against us with a large force, naval and military, professedly to help the Egestaeans and to restore Leontini, but really to conquer Sicily, and above all our city, which once gained, the rest, they think, will easily follow. 6.83.1. We, therefore, deserve to rule because we placed the largest fleet and an unflinching patriotism at the service of the Hellenes, and because these, our subjects, did us mischief by their ready subservience to the Medes; and, desert apart, we seek to strengthen ourselves against the Peloponnesians. 7.18.2. But the Lacedaemonians derived most encouragement from the belief that Athens, with two wars on her hands, against themselves and against the Siceliots, would be more easy to subdue, and from the conviction that she had been the first to infringe the truce. In the former war, they considered, the offence had been more on their own side, both on account of the entrance of the Thebans into Plataea in time of peace, and also of their own refusal to listen to the Athenian offer of arbitration, in spite of the clause in the former treaty that where arbitration should be offered there should be no appeal to arms. For this reason they thought that they deserved their misfortunes, and took to heart seriously the disaster at Pylos and whatever else had befallen them. 8.2.4. With these reasons for confidence in every quarter, the Lacedaemonians now resolved to throw themselves without reserve into the war considering that, once it was happily terminated, they would be finally delivered from such dangers as that which would have threatened them from Athens, if she had become mistress of Sicily, and that the overthrow of the Athenians would leave them in quiet enjoyment of the supremacy over all Hellas .
7. Bacchylides, Odes, 13.131-13.138



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, agency of humans called into question / deemphasized by Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 170, 171, 185, 187
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, and dative of person Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173, 175, 187
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, and events and circumstances presented as quasi-agents Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, and passive phrases / shades of meaning Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, and perfect forms with static implications Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 171, 187
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, and personification Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173, 181
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, as subjects Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, circumstances / conditions / states of affairs stressed by Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 170, 171
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, vs. active / personal phrasing Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173, 175
alcibiades, and athenian decision in favour of sicilian expedition Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 185, 197
alcibiades, and desire Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 197
alcibiades Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
anger Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
archidamus Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 173
athenian empire Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
athens and athenians, exposed to forces beyond their control Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175, 181, 184, 185, 187
athens and athenians, mentality of…in the wake of pylos Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175, 181, 184
athens and athenians, vs. spartans Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173, 184
choice (primarily in thucydides), and freedom Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
choice (primarily in thucydides), and rationality Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
choice (primarily in thucydides), impairment / erasure of Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173, 175
choice (primarily in thucydides), scope for Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 173
cleon, on necessity Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 181
cleon Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 142
danger, hope as a dangerous emotion/state of mind Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 142
desire, athenian…(mostly for sicily) Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 185, 187, 197
desire, for more (πλεονεξία) Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175, 185
diodotus, rhetorical strategy of Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
diodotus Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 142
expectation (negative and positive) Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 142
hedone Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
hermocrates, and athenian mentality after pylos Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 184
hermocrates, on athenian concern with sicily Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 197
hope, and eros Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47, 116
hope, bodily mapping of Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
hope, metaphors for Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
irony Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 181, 184, 185
irrational impulses, and choice Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
irrational impulses, and human nature Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
irrational impulses, athenians beset by Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175, 181, 184, 185, 187, 197
lamentation Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 116
mycalessus, and compounds of πίπτω Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 187
mytilene, secession of Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 181, 312
necessity (in thucydides), and circumstances / material conditions / states of affairs Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 171, 173, 181, 184
nicias, and athenian decision for sicilian expedition Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 185, 187, 197
optimism Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 116
pain (mental and physical) Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
peloponnesian war, choice erased by Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173
peloponnesian war, encapsulated by various forces Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 187
pericles, exceptionality of Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
pericles Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 116
phrenes Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 47
plague, and compounds of πίπτω Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 187
plague, as μεταβολή Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
politics, hope in greek and roman Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 116, 142
present things / circumstances (τὰ παρόντα, τὰ ὑπάρχοντα, τὰ πράγματα etc.) Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 170, 171
quest for power, and alcibiades Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 197
quest for power, self-destructive Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
samos Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
sicilian expedition, decision for, and pylos Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 185
sicilian expedition, decision for, athenian motivation for Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 184, 185, 187
sicilian expedition Kazantzidis and Spatharas, Hope in Ancient Literature, History, and Art (2018) 116
sparta and spartans, and fear Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169
sparta and spartans, exposed to forces beyond their control Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 184
sparta and spartans, responsibility for peloponnesian war Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169
spartans at athens (speech of), and diodotus Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 170, 175
spartans at athens (speech of), on chance Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 171, 173
spartans at athens (speech of), on dangers of good fortune Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 171
spartans at athens (speech of), on scope for choice Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 173, 175
spartans at athens (speech of), proven right Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175, 312
substantivized neuter phrases, based on adjectives Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173
substantivized neuter phrases, based on participles (= schema thucydideum) Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 185
success, resulting in loss of control Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 171
success, unexpected Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 181
thracian allies of athens Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 312
thucydides, son of melesias, archaeology Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
thucydides, son of melesias, chance Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
thucydides, son of melesias, manuscript traditionnan' Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 270
μεταβολή (reversal) Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 171, 181, 187, 312
πάσχω Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 169, 170, 173, 187
τύχη (chance, fortune), and pylos Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 171, 173
ἀνήκεστος Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 175
ἐλπίς (hope or expectation) and ἐλπίζω and εὔελπις, and athenians after pylos Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 181
ἐλπίς (hope or expectation) and ἐλπίζω and εὔελπις, and sicilian expedition Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 184, 185
ἐλπίς (hope or expectation) and ἐλπίζω and εὔελπις, in speech of spartans at athens Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 170
ἔρως, and sicilian expedition Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 184, 185, 187
ἔρως, diodotus on Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 173
ἵστημι, compounds of Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 187