Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10882
Thucydides, The History Of The Peloponnesian War, 1.20.1


τὰ μὲν οὖν παλαιὰ τοιαῦτα ηὗρον, χαλεπὰ ὄντα παντὶ ἑξῆς τεκμηρίῳ πιστεῦσαι. οἱ γὰρ ἄνθρωποι τὰς ἀκοὰς τῶν προγεγενημένων, καὶ ἢν ἐπιχώρια σφίσιν ᾖ, ὁμοίως ἀβασανίστως παρ’ ἀλλήλων δέχονται.Having now given the result of my inquiries into early times, I grant that there will be a difficulty in believing every particular detail. The way that most men deal with traditions, even traditions of their own country, is to receive them all alike as they are delivered, without applying any critical test whatever.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

16 results
1. Aeschylus, Persians, 713 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

713. πάντα γάρ, Δαρεῖʼ ἀκούσῃ μῦθον ἐν βραχεῖ χρόνῳ.
2. Aristophanes, Wasps, 1047, 1046 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1046. καίτοι σπένδων πόλλ' ἐπὶ πολλοῖς ὄμνυσιν τὸν Διόνυσον
3. Herodotus, Histories, 5.55-5.57, 6.57.5 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5.55. When he was forced to leave Sparta, Aristagoras went to Athens, which had been freed from its ruling tyrants in the manner that I will show. First Hipparchus, son of Pisistratus and brother of the tyrant Hippias, had been slain by Aristogiton and Harmodius, men of Gephyraean descent. This was in fact an evil of which he had received a premonition in a dream. After this the Athenians were subject for four years to a tyranny not less but even more absolute than before. 5.56. Now this was the vision which Hipparchus saw in a dream: in the night before the datePanathenaea /date he thought that a tall and handsome man stood over him uttering these riddling verses: quote l met="dact"O lion, endure the unendurable with a lion's heart. /l lNo man on earth does wrong without paying the penalty. /l /quote ,As soon as it was day, he imparted this to the interpreters of dreams, and presently putting the vision from his mind, he led the procession in which he met his death. 5.57. Now the Gephyraean clan, of which the slayers of Hipparchus were members, claim to have come at first from Eretria, but my own enquiry shows that they were among the Phoenicians who came with Cadmus to the country now called Boeotia. In that country the lands of Tanagra were allotted to them, and this is where they settled. ,The Cadmeans had first been expelled from there by the Argives, and these Gephyraeans were forced to go to Athens after being expelled in turn by the Boeotians. The Athenians received them as citizens of their own on set terms, debarring them from many practices not deserving of mention here.
4. Plato, Hipparchus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

228b. Soc. Hush, hush! Why, surely it would be wrong of me not to obey a good and wise person. Fr. Who is that? And to what are you referring now? Soc. I mean my and your fellow-citizen, Pisistratus’s son Hipparchus, of Philaidae, who was the eldest and wisest of Pisistratus’s sons, and who, among the many goodly proofs of wisdom that he showed, first brought the poems of Homer into this country of ours, and compelled the rhapsodes at the Panathenaea to recite them in relay, one man following on another, a
5. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.1-1.11, 1.1.3, 1.2.1, 1.20.2-1.20.3, 1.21.1-1.21.2, 1.22.1-1.22.3, 1.23.1, 6.54-6.59, 6.54.2, 6.55.1, 6.57.1-6.57.3, 6.59.3 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.1.3. For though the events of remote antiquity, and even those that more immediately precede the war, could not from lapse of time be clearly ascertained, yet the evidences which an inquiry carried as far back as was practicable leads me to trust, all point to the conclusion that there was nothing on a great scale, either in war or in other matters. 1.2.1. For instance, it is evident that the country now called Hellas had in ancient times no settled population; on the contrary, migrations were of frequent occurrence, the several tribes readily abandoning their homes under the pressure of superior numbers. 1.20.2. The general Athenian public fancy that Hipparchus was tyrant when he fell by the hands of Harmodius and Aristogiton; not knowing that Hippias, the eldest of the sons of Pisistratus, was really supreme, and that Hipparchus and Thessalus were his brothers; and that Harmodius and Aristogiton suspecting, on the very day, nay at the very moment fixed on for the deed, that information had been conveyed to Hippias by their accomplices, concluded that he had been warned, and did not attack him, yet, not liking to be apprehended and risk their lives for nothing, fell upon Hipparchus near the temple of the daughters of Leos, and slew him as he was arranging the Panathenaic procession. 1.20.3. There are many other unfounded ideas current among the rest of the Hellenes, even on matters of contemporary history which have not been obscured by time. For instance, there is the notion that the Lacedaemonian kings have two votes each, the fact being that they have only one; and that there is a company of Pitane, there being simply no such thing. So little pains do the vulgar take in the investigation of truth, accepting readily the first story that comes to hand. 1.21.1. On the whole, however, the conclusions I have drawn from the proofs quoted may, I believe, safely be relied on. Assuredly they will not be disturbed either by the lays of a poet displaying the exaggeration of his craft, or by the compositions of the chroniclers that are attractive at truth's expense; the subjects they treat of being out of the reach of evidence, and time having robbed most of them of historical value by enthroning them in the region of legend. Turning from these, we can rest satisfied with having proceeded upon the clearest data, and having arrived at conclusions as exact as can be expected in matters of such antiquity. 1.21.2. To come to this war; despite the known disposition of the actors in a struggle to overrate its importance, and when it is over to return to their admiration of earlier events, yet an examination of the facts will show that it was much greater than the wars which preceded it. 1.22.1. With reference to the speeches in this history, some were delivered before the war began, others while it was going on; some I heard myself, others I got from various quarters; it was in all cases difficult to carry them word for word in one's memory, so my habit has been to make the speakers say what was in my opinion demanded of them by the various occasions, of course adhering as closely as possible to the general sense of what they really said. 1.22.2. And with reference to the narrative of events, far from permitting myself to derive it from the first source that came to hand, I did not even trust my own impressions, but it rests partly on what I saw myself, partly on what others saw for me, the accuracy of the report being always tried by the most severe and detailed tests possible. 1.22.3. My conclusions have cost me some labour from the want of coincidence between accounts of the same occurrences by different eye-witnesses, arising sometimes from imperfect memory, sometimes from undue partiality for one side or the other. 1.23.1. The Median war, the greatest achievement of past times, yet found a speedy decision in two actions by sea and two by land. The Peloponnesian war was prolonged to an immense length, and long as it was it was short without parallel for the misfortunes that it brought upon Hellas . 6.54.2. Pisistratus dying at an advanced age in possession of the tyranny, was succeeded by his eldest son, Hippias, and not Hipparchus, as is vulgarly believed. Harmodius was then in the flower of youthful beauty, and Aristogiton, a citizen in the middle rank of life, was his lover and possessed him. 6.55.1. That Hippias was the eldest son and succeeded to the government, is what I positively assert as a fact upon which I have had more exact accounts than others, and may be also ascertained by the following circumstance. He is the only one of the legitimate brothers that appears to have had children; as the altar shows, and the pillar placed in the Athenian Acropolis, commemorating the crime of the tyrants, which mentions no child of Thessalus or of Hipparchus, but five of Hippias, which he had by Myrrhine, daughter of Callias, son of Hyperechides; and naturally the eldest would have married first. 6.57.1. At last the festival arrived; and Hippias with his bodyguard was outside the city in the Ceramicus, arranging how the different parts of the procession were to proceed. Harmodius and Aristogiton had already their daggers and were getting ready to act 6.57.3. and eager if possible to be revenged first upon the man who had wronged them and for whom they had undertaken all this risk, they rushed, as they were, within the gates, and meeting with Hipparchus by the Leocorium recklessly fell upon him at once, infuriated, Aristogiton by love, and Harmodius by insult, and smote him and slew him.
6. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 18.1-18.6 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Aristotle, Poetics, 13 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

8. Dionysius of Halycarnassus, On Thucydides, 5 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

9. Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander, 3.16.8, 7.19.2 (1st cent. CE

3.16.8. καὶ ταύτας Ἀθηναίοις ὀπίσω πέμπει Ἀλέξανδρος, καὶ νῦν κεῖνται Ἀθήνησιν ἐν Κεραμεικῷ αἱ εἰκόνες, ᾗ ἄνιμεν ἐς πόλιν, καταντικρὺ μάλιστα τοῦ Μητρῴου, οὐ μακρὰν τῶν Εὐδανέμων τοῦ βωμοῦ· ὅστις δὲ μεμύηται ταῖν θεαῖν ἐν Ἐλευσῖνι, οἶδε τοῦ Εὐδανέμου τὸν βωμὸν ἐπὶ τοῦ δαπέδου ὄντα. 7.19.2. ὅσους δὲ ἀνδριάντας ἢ ὅσα ἀγάλματα ἢ εἰ δή τι ἄλλο ἀνάθημα ἐκ τῆς Ἑλλάδος Ξέρξης ἀνεκόμισεν ἐς Βαβυλῶνα ἢ ἐς Πασαργάδας ἢ ἐς Σοῦσα ἢ ὅπῃ ἄλλῃ τῆς Ἀσίας, ταῦτα δοῦναι ἄγειν τοῖς πρέσβεσι· καὶ τὰς Ἁρμοδίου καὶ Ἀριστογείτονος εἰκόνας τὰς χαλκᾶς οὕτω λέγεται ἀπενεχθῆναι ὀπίσω ἐς Ἀθήνας καὶ τῆς Ἀρτέμιδος τῆς Κελκέας τὸ ἕδος.
10. Dio Chrysostom, Orations, 37.41 (1st cent. CE

37.41.  And I know that Harmodius and Aristogeiton have served as slaves in Persia, and that fifteen hundred statues of Demetrius of Phalerum have all been pulled down by the Athenians on one and the same day. Aye, they have even dared to empty chamber-pots on King Philip. Yes, the Athenians poured urine on his statue — but he poured on their city blood and ashes and dust. In fact it was enough to arouse righteous indignation that they should class the same man now among the gods and now not even among human beings.
11. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 34.70 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12. Plutarch, Dialogue On Love, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

13. Plutarch, Demetrius, 12.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, None (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.2.4, 1.8.5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.2.4. On entering the city there is a building for the preparation of the processions, which are held in some cases every year, in others at longer intervals. Hard by is a temple of Demeter, with images of the goddess herself and of her daughter, and of Iacchus holding a torch. On the wall, in Attic characters, is written that they are works of Praxiteles. Not far from the temple is Poseidon on horseback, hurling a spear against the giant Polybotes, concerning whom is prevalent among the Coans the story about the promontory of Chelone. But the inscription of our time assigns the statue to another, and not to Poseidon. From the gate to the Cerameicus there are porticoes, and in front of them brazen statues of such as had some title to fame, both men and women. 1.8.5. Hard by stand statues of Harmodius and Aristogiton, who killed Hipparchus. 514 B.C. The reason of this act and the method of its execution have been related by others; of the figures some were made by Critius fl. c. 445 B.C., the old ones being the work of Antenor. When Xerxes took Athens after the Athenians had abandoned the city he took away these statues also among the spoils, but they were afterwards restored to the Athenians by Antiochus.
16. Himerius, Orations, 47.12-47.13 (4th cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abstract nominal phrases in thucydides, generalizing Joho, Style and Necessity in Thucydides (2022) 16
acragas Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
aeschines Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 141
aesop Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 234
agora, panathenaic way Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
agora, stoa of zeus eleutherios Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
akropolis, and procession Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
akropolis, frieze Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
alcmeon, mythic family of Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
alexander iii of macedon vii Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
antenor Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
anti-tyrannical legislation Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
antileon Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
antipater Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
archê Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 159
aristogeiton, and harmodios Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
athenian democratic ideology Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
augustine, authority Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 141
augustine, of elders Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 141
beginning Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 159
chariton Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
civic life Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
demophantus decree Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
dinarchus of corinth (politician) Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
eucrates Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
families, great tragic Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
harmodios and aristogeiton Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
hecataeus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 234
heraclea Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
herodotus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 234
heroes Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
hipparchos Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
hipparchos (general) Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 49
hipparchos (son of peisistratus) Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 49, 509
hipparchus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
hipparinus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
hippoclos Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
history, historian Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 159
homosexuality Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
kerameikos, and great panathenaia Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
lampsacus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
logographers Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 49, 234, 339
logos, vs. mythos Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
marathon Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
melanippus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
mythos Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
myths, and sophocles Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
mythōdes Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
nudity, of harmodios and aristogeiton Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
oedipus, mythic family of Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
oral tradition Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
orestes, mythic family of Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
palai Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 159
panathenaia, unity Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
past Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 159
pederasty Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
peloponnesian war Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 145
persians, the (aeschylus), and mythos Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
pisistratus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
pitane Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 49
procession, at great panathenaia Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
procession, route' Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
sokrates, son of sophroniskos, of alopeke Shear, Serving Athena: The Festival of the Panathenaia and the Construction of Athenian Identities (2021) 118
statuary, harmodios and aristogeiton of kritios and nesiotes Steiner, Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought (2001) 219
subject, mythic Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
thucydides, son of melesias, archaeology Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 49, 234, 339, 509
thucydides, son of melesias, audience, reader Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
thucydides, son of melesias, digressions Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
thucydides, son of melesias, documents, letters, treaties etc. Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
thucydides, son of melesias, historical accuracy Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 509
thucydides, son of melesias, historical truth Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 339
thucydides, son of melesias, language Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 339, 509
thucydides Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 145
thucydides (politician), on myth Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
tradition, mythic Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
tragedy, vs. comedy Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
tragedy Jouanna, Sophocles: A Study of His Theater in Its Political and Social Context (2018) 115
tyrannicide Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208
tyrannicides Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 208