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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



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Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 38
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17 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 4.1-4.2, 12.32, 23.22-23.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.1. יוֹם אֲשֶׁר עָמַדְתָּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּחֹרֵב בֶּאֱמֹר יְהוָה אֵלַי הַקְהֶל־לִי אֶת־הָעָם וְאַשְׁמִעֵם אֶת־דְּבָרָי אֲשֶׁר יִלְמְדוּן לְיִרְאָה אֹתִי כָּל־הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר הֵם חַיִּים עַל־הָאֲדָמָה וְאֶת־בְּנֵיהֶם יְלַמֵּדוּן׃ 4.1. וְעַתָּה יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמַע אֶל־הַחֻקִּים וְאֶל־הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְלַמֵּד אֶתְכֶם לַעֲשׂוֹת לְמַעַן תִּחְיוּ וּבָאתֶם וִירִשְׁתֶּם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתֵיכֶם נֹתֵן לָכֶם׃ 4.2. וְאֶתְכֶם לָקַח יְהוָה וַיּוֹצִא אֶתְכֶם מִכּוּר הַבַּרְזֶל מִמִּצְרָיִם לִהְיוֹת לוֹ לְעַם נַחֲלָה כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃ 4.2. לֹא תֹסִפוּ עַל־הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם וְלֹא תִגְרְעוּ מִמֶּנּוּ לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־מִצְוֺת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם׃ 23.22. כִּי־תִדֹּר נֶדֶר לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לֹא תְאַחֵר לְשַׁלְּמוֹ כִּי־דָּרֹשׁ יִדְרְשֶׁנּוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מֵעִמָּךְ וְהָיָה בְךָ חֵטְא׃ 23.23. וְכִי תֶחְדַּל לִנְדֹּר לֹא־יִהְיֶה בְךָ חֵטְא׃ 23.24. מוֹצָא שְׂפָתֶיךָ תִּשְׁמֹר וְעָשִׂיתָ כַּאֲשֶׁר נָדַרְתָּ לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נְדָבָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ בְּפִיךָ׃ 4.1. And now, O Israel, hearken unto the statutes and unto the ordices, which I teach you, to do them; that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD, the God of your fathers, giveth you." 4.2. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you." 23.22. When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not be slack to pay it; for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it will be sin in thee." 23.23. But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no sin in thee." 23.24. That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt observe and do; according as thou hast vowed freely unto the LORD thy God, even that which thou hast promised with thy mouth."
2. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 7.14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7.14. לָכֵן יִתֵּן אֲדֹנָי הוּא לָכֶם אוֹת הִנֵּה הָעַלְמָה הָרָה וְיֹלֶדֶת בֵּן וְקָרָאת שְׁמוֹ עִמָּנוּ אֵל׃ 7.14. Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."
4. Hebrew Bible, Ecclesiastes, 5.3 (5th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.3. כַּאֲשֶׁר תִּדֹּר נֶדֶר לֵאלֹהִים אַל־תְּאַחֵר לְשַׁלְּמוֹ כִּי אֵין חֵפֶץ בַּכְּסִילִים אֵת אֲשֶׁר־תִּדֹּר שַׁלֵּם׃ 5.3. When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for He hath no pleasure in fools; pay that which thou vowest."
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Moses, 2.34 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2.34. So when they had won his approval, they immediately began to fulfil the objects for which that honourable embassy had been sent; and considering among themselves how important the affair was, to translate laws which had been divinely given by direct inspiration, since they were not able either to take away anything, or to add anything, or to alter anything, but were bound to preserve the original form and character of the whole composition, they looked out for the most completely purified place of all the spots on the outside of the city. For the places within the walls, as being filled with all kinds of animals, were held in suspicion by them by reason of the diseases and deaths of some, and the accursed actions of those who were in health.
6. Anon., Didache, 4.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Artemidorus, Oneirocritica, 2.70 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 1.42 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.42. and how firmly we have given credit to those books of our own nation, is evident by what we do; for during so many ages as have already passed, no one has been so bold as either to add any thing to them, to take any thing from them, or to make any change in them; but it becomes natural to all Jews, immediately and from their very birth, to esteem those books to contain divine doctrines, and to persist in them, and, if occasion be, willingly to die for them.
9. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 2.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.15. But he who is spiritual discerns allthings, and he himself is judged by no one.
10. New Testament, Apocalypse, 13.18, 22.18-22.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.18. Here is wisdom. He who has understanding, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. His number is six hundred sixty-six. 22.18. I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book, if anyone adds to them, may God add to him the plagues which are written in this book. 22.19. If anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, may God take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book.
11. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 2.14.8, 2.28.4, 3.11.7, 3.11.9, 3.12.12, 3.15.2, 3.16, 3.17.4, 4.33.1-4.33.4, 4.33.7-4.33.8, 5.8.3, 5.18.1, 5.26.2, 5.30.1, 5.31.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

12. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 72-73, 84, 71 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

71. The Jews reject the interpretation of the Septuagint, from which, moreover, they have taken away some passages Justin: But I am far from putting reliance in your teachers, who refuse to admit that the interpretation made by the seventy elders who were with Ptolemy [king] of the Egyptians is a correct one; and they attempt to frame another. And I wish you to observe, that they have altogether taken away many Scriptures from the translations effected by those seventy elders who were with Ptolemy, and by which this very man who was crucified is proved to have been set forth expressly as God, and man, and as being crucified, and as dying; but since I am aware that this is denied by all of your nation, I do not address myself to these points, but I proceed to carry on my discussions by means of those passages which are still admitted by you. For you assent to those which I have brought before your attention, except that you contradict the statement, 'Behold, the virgin shall conceive,' and say it ought to be read, 'Behold, the young woman shall conceive.' And I promised to prove that the prophecy referred, not, as you were taught, to Hezekiah, but to this Christ of mine: and now I shall go to the proof. Trypho: We ask you first of all to tell us some of the Scriptures which you allege have been completely cancelled.
13. Tertullian, Against Marcion, 1.19.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

14. Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 30, 41-42, 17 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

15. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 4.23.12, 5.16.3, 5.20 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

4.23.12. The same writer also speaks as follows concerning his own epistles, alleging that they had been mutilated: As the brethren desired me to write epistles, I wrote. And these epistles the apostles of the devil have filled with tares, cutting out some things and adding others. For them a woe is reserved. It is, therefore, not to be wondered at if some have attempted to adulterate the Lord's writings also, since they have formed designs even against writings which are of less account.There is extant, in addition to these, another epistle of Dionysius, written to Chrysophora, a most faithful sister. In it he writes what is suitable, and imparts to her also the proper spiritual food. So much concerning Dionysius. 5.16.3. He commences his work in this manner:Having for a very long and sufficient time, O beloved Avircius Marcellus, been urged by you to write a treatise against the heresy of those who are called after Miltiades, I have hesitated till the present time, not through lack of ability to refute the falsehood or bear testimony for the truth, but from fear and apprehension that I might seem to some to be making additions to the doctrines or precepts of the Gospel of the New Testament, which it is impossible for one who has chosen to live according to the Gospel, either to increase or to diminish.
16. Quran, Quran, 10.104 (7th cent. CE - 7th cent. CE)

10.104. قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ فِي شَكٍّ مِنْ دِينِي فَلَا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنْ أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي يَتَوَفَّاكُمْ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
17. Anon., Letter of Aristeas, 311

311. alteration should be made in it. And when the whole company expressed their approval, they bade them pronounce a curse in accordance with their custom upon any one who should make any alteration either by adding anything or changing in any way whatever any of the words which had been written or making any omission. This was a very wise precaution to ensure that the book might be preserved for all the future time unchanged.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
antichrist Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 262
antitheses,marcions Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
apelles Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
canon,canonization,and commentary Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
community Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
dionysius of corinth Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
ehrman,bart d. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 25
exegesis,in irenaeus Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
flora Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
great church Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
hengel,martin Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
heresy,reduction/amalgamation of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 262
heretics {see also gnostics; marcionites) Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
inner-biblical exegesis Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
irenaeus,criticism of heretical exegesis generally Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
jewish succession,orthodox borrowings from jewish heresiology Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
jubilees,as rewritten torah Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 25
justin martyr,viin Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
law,biblical Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
letter of marcion Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
levinson,bernard m. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
marcion Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
marcionites Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
montanists Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
moses Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 25
mroczek,eva Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
mysteries Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
new testament Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
old testament Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388; Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
orthodoxy Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 25
philo of alexandria Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 261, 262
pluralism,theological Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
ptolemy (valentinian,teacher of justin,apol. Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
quran Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
rajak,tessa Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
reeves,john c. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
rewritten bible Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
reynolds,gabriel said Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
rome Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
rome marcion at Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 273
sacraments Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388
scribal activism Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
scriptural falsification Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
temple scroll Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24
tertullian Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 24, 25
tolerance' Lampe (2003), Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus, 388