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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10496
Strabo, Geography, 15.1.11


nanThe boundaries of India, on the north, from Ariana to the Eastern Sea, are the extremities of Taurus, to the several parts of which the natives give, besides others, the names of Paropamisus, Emodus, and Imaus, but the Macedonians call them Caucasus; on the west, the river Indus; the southern and eastern sides, which are much larger than the others, project towards the Atlantic Sea, and the figure of the country becomes rhomboidal, each of the greater sides exceeding the opposite by 3000 stadia; and this is the extent of the extremity, common to the eastern and southern coast, and which projects beyond the rest of that coast equally on the east and south.The western side, from the Caucasian mountains to the Southern Sea, is estimated at 13,000 stadia, along the river Indus to its mouth; wherefore the eastern side opposite, with the addition of the 3000 stadia of the promontory, will be 16,000 stadia in extent. This is both the smallest and greatest breadth of India. The length is reckoned from west to east. The part of this extending (from the Indus) as far as Palibothra we may describe more confidently; for it has been measured by Schoeni, and is a royal road of 10,000 stadia. The extent of the parts beyond depends upon conjecture derived from the ascent of vessels from the sea by the Ganges to Palibothra. This may be estimated at 6000 stadia.The whole, on the shortest computation, will amount to 16,000 stadia, according to Eratosthenes, who says that he took it from the register of the Stathmi (or the several stages from place to place), which was received as authentic, and Megasthenes agrees with him. But Patrocles says, that the sum of the whole is less by 1000 stadia. If again we add to this distance the extent of the extremity which advances far towards the east, the greatest length of India will be 3000 stadia; this length is reckoned from the mouths of the river Indus along the coast, in a line with the mouths to the abovementioned extremity and its eastern limits. Here the people called Coniaci live.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

4 results
1. Strabo, Geography, 2.5.39, 11.5.5 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.5.39. At Ptolemais in Phoenicia, and at Sidon and Tyre, the longest day consists of fourteen hours and a quarter. These cities are north of Alexandria by about 1600 stadia, and north of Carthage about 700. In the Peloponnesus, and about the middle of Rhodes, at Xanthus in Lycia, or a little to the south of this place, and at 400 stadia south of Syracuse, the longest day consists of fourteen and a half equinoctial hours. These places are distant from Alexandria 3640 stadia. . . . This parallel, according to Eratosthenes, passes through Caria, Lycaonia, Cataonia, Media, the Caspian Gates, and India next the Caucasus. 11.5.5. The stories that have been spread far and wide with a view to glorifying Alexander are not accepted by all; and their fabricators were men who cared for flattery rather than truth. For instance: they transferred the Caucasus into the region of the Indian mountains and of the eastern sea which lies near those mountains from the mountains which lie above Colchis and the Euxine; for these are the mountains which the Greeks named Caucasus, which is more than thirty thousand stadia distant from India; and here it was that they laid the scene of the story of Prometheus and of his being put in bonds; for these were the farthermost mountains towards the east that were known to writers of that time. And the expedition of Dionysus and Heracles to the country of the Indians looks like a mythical story of later date, because Heracles is said to have released Prometheus one thousand years later. And although it was a more glorious thing for Alexander to subdue Asia as far as the Indian mountains than merely to the recess of the Euxine and to the Caucasus, yet the glory of the mountain, and its name, and the belief that Jason and his followers had accomplished the longest of all expeditions, reaching as far as the neighborhood of the Caucasus, and the tradition that Prometheus was bound at the ends of the earth on the Caucasus, led writers to suppose that they would be doing the king a favor if they transferred the name Caucasus to India.
2. Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander, 5.25-5.29 (1st cent. CE

3. Plutarch, Alexander The Great, 18.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

18.2. Well, then, most writers say that since the fastenings had their ends concealed, and were intertwined many times in crooked coils, Alexander was at a loss how to proceed, and finally loosened the knot by cutting it through with his sword, and that when it was thus smitten many ends were to be seen. But Aristobulus says that he undid it very easily, by simply taking out the so-called hestor, or pin, of the waggon-pole, by which the yoke-fastening was held together, and then drawing away the yoke. Cf. Arrian, Anab. ii. 3 .
4. Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, 3.1.14-3.1.18

3.1.14. Alexander urbe in dicionem suam redacta lovis templum intrat. Vehiculum, quo Gordium, Midae patrem, vectum esse constabat, aspexit cultu haud sane a vilioribus vulgatisque usu abhorrens. 3.1.15. Notabile erat iugum adstrictum compluribus nodis in semetipsos inplicatis et celantibus nexus. 3.1.16. Incolis deinde adfirmantibus editam esse oraculo sortem, Asiae potiturum, qui inexplicabile vinculum solvisset, cupido incessit animo sortis eius explendae. 3.1.17. Circa regem erat et Phrygum turba et Macedonum, illa expectatione suspensa, haec sollicita ex temeraria regis fiducia: quippe serie vinculorum ita adstricta, ut, unde nexus inciperet quove se conderet, nec ratione nec visu perspici posset, solvere adgressus iniecerat curam ei, ne in omen verteretur irritum inceptum. 3.1.18. Ille nequaquam diu luctatus cum latentibus nodis: “Nihil,” inquit, “interest, quomodo solvantur,” gladioque ruptis omnibus loris oraculi sortem vel elusit vel implevit.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alexander the great, and india Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
alexander the great, writings on Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
alexander the great Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209, 212
aristobulus Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
arrian Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209, 212
babylon, babylonia, babylonians, alexander the great and Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
bactria Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
baeton Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
caspian gates Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
caucasus (hindu kush) Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
cyrenaeans Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
eratosthenes Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209, 212
ganges river Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
gordian knot Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 212
gordius Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 212
hemodi mtns. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
hercules Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
hindu kush Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
hypasis river Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
imavus (imaus) mtns. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
india Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
macedonians Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209, 212
mauryans Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
megasthenes Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 212; Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
nearchus Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 212
parapamissus Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
prometheus Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
ptolemy i Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209
seleucid period Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
seleucus i Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
snow' Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347
strabo Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 209, 212
tusculum, twelve gods, altar of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 347