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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



705
Septuagint, Tobit, 14.3-14.11


nanBury me properly, and your mother with me. And do not live in Nineveh any longer. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him, how he brought him from light into darkness, and with what he repaid him. But Ahikar was saved, and the other received repayment as he himself went down into the darkness. Ahikar gave alms and escaped the deathtrap which Nadab had set for him; but Nadab fell into the trap and perished.


nanSo now, my children, consider what almsgiving accomplishes and how righteousness delivers." As he said this he died in his bed. He was a hundred and fifty-eight years old; and Tobias gave him a magnificent funeral.


nanWhen he had grown very old he called his son and grandsons, and said to him, "My son, take your sons; behold, I have grown old and am about to depart this life.


nanGo to Media, my son, for I fully believe what Jonah the prophet said about Nineveh, that it will be overthrown. But in Media there will be peace for a time. Our brethren will be scattered over the earth from the good land, and Jerusalem will be desolate. The house of God in it will be burned down and will be in ruins for a time.


nanBut God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it.


nanThen all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols.


nanAll the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. And all who love the Lord God in truth and righteousness will rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren.


nanSo now, my son, leave Nineveh, because what the prophet Jonah said will surely happen.


nanBut keep the law and the commandments, and be merciful and just, so that it may be well with you.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

31 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.3-3.6, 1.4, 1.8, 1.13, 1.14, 1.17, 1.18, 1.20, 1.21, 1.22, 2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.14, 3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 4, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 4.21, 5.18, 5.21, 5.23, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.14, 6.15, 7.7, 8.2, 8.3, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.15, 8.16, 8.17, 11.2, 11.4, 11.7, 11.11, 11.12, 11.13, 11.14, 11.15, 11.16, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12, 12.13, 12.14, 12.15, 12.16, 12.17, 12.18, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21, 12.22, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.7, 13.8, 13.9, 13.10, 13.11, 13.12, 13.13, 13.14, 13.15, 13.16, 13.17, 13.18, 14, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.9, 14.11, 14.12, 14.13, 14.14, 14.15 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 21.23 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

21.23. לֹא־תָלִין נִבְלָתוֹ עַל־הָעֵץ כִּי־קָבוֹר תִּקְבְּרֶנּוּ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כִּי־קִלְלַת אֱלֹהִים תָּלוּי וְלֹא תְטַמֵּא אֶת־אַדְמָתְךָ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ נַחֲלָה׃ 21.23. his body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt surely bury him the same day; for he that is hanged is a reproach unto God; that thou defile not thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance."
3. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 3.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.1. וַיָּסַר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת־טַבַּעְתּוֹ מֵעַל יָדוֹ וַיִּתְּנָהּ לְהָמָן בֶּן־הַמְּדָתָא הָאֲגָגִי צֹרֵר הַיְּהוּדִים׃ 3.1. אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה גִּדַּל הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ אֶת־הָמָן בֶּן־הַמְּדָתָא הָאֲגָגִי וַיְנַשְּׂאֵהוּ וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־כִּסְאוֹ מֵעַל כָּל־הַשָּׂרִים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ׃ 3.1. After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him."
4. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 23.1-23.4, 23.8-23.20, 24.67, 35.8, 35.18-35.19, 47.30, 49.29-49.31, 50.10-50.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

23.1. וַיִּהְיוּ חַיֵּי שָׂרָה מֵאָה שָׁנָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה וְשֶׁבַע שָׁנִים שְׁנֵי חַיֵּי שָׂרָה׃ 23.1. וְעֶפְרוֹן יֹשֵׁב בְּתוֹךְ בְּנֵי־חֵת וַיַּעַן עֶפְרוֹן הַחִתִּי אֶת־אַבְרָהָם בְּאָזְנֵי בְנֵי־חֵת לְכֹל בָּאֵי שַׁעַר־עִירוֹ לֵאמֹר׃ 23.2. וַיָּקָם הַשָּׂדֶה וְהַמְּעָרָה אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ לְאַבְרָהָם לַאֲחֻזַּת־קָבֶר מֵאֵת בְּנֵי־חֵת׃ 23.2. וַתָּמָת שָׂרָה בְּקִרְיַת אַרְבַּע הִוא חֶבְרוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן וַיָּבֹא אַבְרָהָם לִסְפֹּד לְשָׂרָה וְלִבְכֹּתָהּ׃ 23.3. וַיָּקָם אַבְרָהָם מֵעַל פְּנֵי מֵתוֹ וַיְדַבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי־חֵת לֵאמֹר׃ 23.4. גֵּר־וְתוֹשָׁב אָנֹכִי עִמָּכֶם תְּנוּ לִי אֲחֻזַּת־קֶבֶר עִמָּכֶם וְאֶקְבְּרָה מֵתִי מִלְּפָנָי׃ 23.8. וַיְדַבֵּר אִתָּם לֵאמֹר אִם־יֵשׁ אֶת־נַפְשְׁכֶם לִקְבֹּר אֶת־מֵתִי מִלְּפָנַי שְׁמָעוּנִי וּפִגְעוּ־לִי בְּעֶפְרוֹן בֶּן־צֹחַר׃ 23.9. וְיִתֶּן־לִי אֶת־מְעָרַת הַמַּכְפֵּלָה אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ אֲשֶׁר בִּקְצֵה שָׂדֵהוּ בְּכֶסֶף מָלֵא יִתְּנֶנָּה לִי בְּתוֹכְכֶם לַאֲחֻזַּת־קָבֶר׃ 23.11. לֹא־אֲדֹנִי שְׁמָעֵנִי הַשָּׂדֶה נָתַתִּי לָךְ וְהַמְּעָרָה אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ לְךָ נְתַתִּיהָ לְעֵינֵי בְנֵי־עַמִּי נְתַתִּיהָ לָּךְ קְבֹר מֵתֶךָ׃ 23.12. וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ אַבְרָהָם לִפְנֵי עַם הָאָרֶץ׃ 23.13. וַיְדַבֵּר אֶל־עֶפְרוֹן בְּאָזְנֵי עַם־הָאָרֶץ לֵאמֹר אַךְ אִם־אַתָּה לוּ שְׁמָעֵנִי נָתַתִּי כֶּסֶף הַשָּׂדֶה קַח מִמֶּנִּי וְאֶקְבְּרָה אֶת־מֵתִי שָׁמָּה׃ 23.14. וַיַּעַן עֶפְרוֹן אֶת־אַבְרָהָם לֵאמֹר לוֹ׃ 23.15. אֲדֹנִי שְׁמָעֵנִי אֶרֶץ אַרְבַּע מֵאֹת שֶׁקֶל־כֶּסֶף בֵּינִי וּבֵינְךָ מַה־הִוא וְאֶת־מֵתְךָ קְבֹר׃ 23.16. וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָהָם אֶל־עֶפְרוֹן וַיִּשְׁקֹל אַבְרָהָם לְעֶפְרֹן אֶת־הַכֶּסֶף אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּאָזְנֵי בְנֵי־חֵת אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שֶׁקֶל כֶּסֶף עֹבֵר לַסֹּחֵר׃ 23.17. וַיָּקָם שְׂדֵה עֶפְרוֹן אֲשֶׁר בַּמַּכְפֵּלָה אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי מַמְרֵא הַשָּׂדֶה וְהַמְּעָרָה אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ וְכָל־הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר בַּשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר בְּכָל־גְּבֻלוֹ סָבִיב׃ 23.18. לְאַבְרָהָם לְמִקְנָה לְעֵינֵי בְנֵי־חֵת בְּכֹל בָּאֵי שַׁעַר־עִירוֹ׃ 23.19. וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן קָבַר אַבְרָהָם אֶת־שָׂרָה אִשְׁתּוֹ אֶל־מְעָרַת שְׂדֵה הַמַּכְפֵּלָה עַל־פְּנֵי מַמְרֵא הִוא חֶבְרוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן׃ 24.67. וַיְבִאֶהָ יִצְחָק הָאֹהֱלָה שָׂרָה אִמּוֹ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־רִבְקָה וַתְּהִי־לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה וַיֶּאֱהָבֶהָ וַיִּנָּחֵם יִצְחָק אַחֲרֵי אִמּוֹ׃ 35.8. וַתָּמָת דְּבֹרָה מֵינֶקֶת רִבְקָה וַתִּקָּבֵר מִתַּחַת לְבֵית־אֵל תַּחַת הָאַלּוֹן וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ אַלּוֹן בָּכוּת׃ 35.18. וַיְהִי בְּצֵאת נַפְשָׁהּ כִּי מֵתָה וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ בֶּן־אוֹנִי וְאָבִיו קָרָא־לוֹ בִנְיָמִין׃ 35.19. וַתָּמָת רָחֵל וַתִּקָּבֵר בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶפְרָתָה הִוא בֵּית לָחֶם׃ 49.29. וַיְצַו אוֹתָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם אֲנִי נֶאֱסָף אֶל־עַמִּי קִבְרוּ אֹתִי אֶל־אֲבֹתָי אֶל־הַמְּעָרָה אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׂדֵה עֶפְרוֹן הַחִתִּי׃ 49.31. שָׁמָּה קָבְרוּ אֶת־אַבְרָהָם וְאֵת שָׂרָה אִשְׁתּוֹ שָׁמָּה קָבְרוּ אֶת־יִצְחָק וְאֵת רִבְקָה אִשְׁתּוֹ וְשָׁמָּה קָבַרְתִּי אֶת־לֵאָה׃ 50.11. וַיַּרְא יוֹשֵׁב הָאָרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי אֶת־הָאֵבֶל בְּגֹרֶן הָאָטָד וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵבֶל־כָּבֵד זֶה לְמִצְרָיִם עַל־כֵּן קָרָא שְׁמָהּ אָבֵל מִצְרַיִם אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן׃ 50.12. וַיַּעֲשׂוּ בָנָיו לוֹ כֵּן כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּם׃ 50.13. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ בָנָיו אַרְצָה כְּנַעַן וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֹתוֹ בִּמְעָרַת שְׂדֵה הַמַּכְפֵּלָה אֲשֶׁר קָנָה אַבְרָהָם אֶת־הַשָּׂדֶה לַאֲחֻזַּת־קֶבֶר מֵאֵת עֶפְרֹן הַחִתִּי עַל־פְּנֵי מַמְרֵא׃ 23.1. And the life of Sarah was a hundred and seven and twenty years; these were the years of the life of Sarah." 23.2. And Sarah died in Kiriatharba—the same is Hebron—in the land of Canaan; and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her." 23.3. And Abraham rose up from before his dead, and spoke unto the children of Heth, saying:" 23.4. ’I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of a burying-place with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.’" 23.8. And he spoke with them, saying: ‘If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me, and entreat for me to Ephron the son of Zohar," 23.9. that he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field; for the full price let him give it to me in the midst of you for a possession of a burying-place.’" 23.10. Now Ephron was sitting in the midst of the children of Heth; and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the hearing of the children of Heth, even of all that went in at the gate of his city, saying:" 23.11. ’Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I thee, and the cave that is therein, I give it thee; in the presence of the sons of my people give I it thee; bury thy dead.’" 23.12. And Abraham bowed down before the people of the land." 23.13. And he spoke unto Ephron in the hearing of the people of the land, saying: ‘But if thou wilt, I pray thee, hear me: I will give the price of the field; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there.’" 23.14. And Ephron answered Abraham, saying unto him:" 23.15. ’My lord, hearken unto me: a piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver, what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy dead.’" 23.16. And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the hearing of the children of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant." 23.17. So the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in all the border thereof round about, were made sure" 23.18. unto Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all that went in at the gate of his city." 23.19. And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre—the same is Hebron—in the land of Canaan." 23.20. And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying-place by the children of Heth." 24.67. And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he loved her. And Isaac was comforted for his mother." 35.8. And Deborah Rebekah’s nurse died, and she was buried below Beth-el under the oak; and the name of it was called Allon-bacuth." 35.18. And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing—for she died—that she called his name Ben-oni; but his father called him Benjamin." 35.19. And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath—the same is Beth-lehem." 47.30. But when I sleep with my fathers, thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burying-place.’ And he said: ‘I will do as thou hast said.’" 49.29. And be charged them, and said unto them: ‘I am to be gathered unto my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite," 49.30. in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a burying-place." 49.31. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah." 50.10. And they came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and there they wailed with a very great and sore wailing; and he made a mourning for his father seven days." 50.11. And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said: ‘This is a grievous amourning to the Egyptians.’ Wherefore the name of it was called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan." 50.12. And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them." 50.13. For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field, for a possession of a burying-place, of Ephron the Hittite, in front of Mamre."
5. Hebrew Bible, Job, 2.12-2.13, 9.22, 10.15-10.17, 27.6, 27.17-27.18, 31.39, 42.1-42.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.12. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־עֵינֵיהֶם מֵרָחוֹק וְלֹא הִכִּירֻהוּ וַיִּשְׂאוּ קוֹלָם וַיִּבְכּוּ וַיִּקְרְעוּ אִישׁ מְעִלוֹ וַיִּזְרְקוּ עָפָר עַל־רָאשֵׁיהֶם הַשָּׁמָיְמָה׃ 2.13. וַיֵּשְׁבוּ אִתּוֹ לָאָרֶץ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְשִׁבְעַת לֵילוֹת וְאֵין־דֹּבֵר אֵלָיו דָּבָר כִּי רָאוּ כִּי־גָדַל הַכְּאֵב מְאֹד׃ 9.22. אַחַת הִיא עַל־כֵּן אָמַרְתִּי תָּם וְרָשָׁע הוּא מְכַלֶּה׃ 10.16. וְיִגְאֶה כַּשַּׁחַל תְּצוּדֵנִי וְתָשֹׁב תִּתְפַּלָּא־בִי׃ 27.6. בְּצִדְקָתִי הֶחֱזַקְתִּי וְלֹא אַרְפֶּהָ לֹא־יֶחֱרַף לְבָבִי מִיָּמָי׃ 27.17. יָכִין וְצַדִּיק יִלְבָּשׁ וְכֶסֶף נָקִי יַחֲלֹק׃ 27.18. בָּנָה כָעָשׁ בֵּיתוֹ וּכְסֻכָּה עָשָׂה נֹצֵר׃ 31.39. אִם־כֹּחָהּ אָכַלְתִּי בְלִי־כָסֶף וְנֶפֶשׁ בְּעָלֶיהָ הִפָּחְתִּי׃ 42.1. וַיַּעַן אִיּוֹב אֶת־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר׃ 42.1. וַיהוָה שָׁב אֶת־שבית [שְׁבוּת] אִיּוֹב בְּהִתְפַּלְלוֹ בְּעַד רֵעֵהוּ וַיֹּסֶף יְהוָה אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר לְאִיּוֹב לְמִשְׁנֶה׃ 42.2. ידעת [יָדַעְתִּי] כִּי־כֹל תּוּכָל וְלֹא־יִבָּצֵר מִמְּךָ מְזִמָּה׃ 42.3. מִי זֶה מַעְלִים עֵצָה בְּלִי דָעַת לָכֵן הִגַּדְתִּי וְלֹא אָבִין נִפְלָאוֹת מִמֶּנִּי וְלֹא אֵדָע׃ 42.4. שְׁמַע־נָא וְאָנֹכִי אֲדַבֵּר אֶשְׁאָלְךָ וְהוֹדִיעֵנִי׃ 42.5. לְשֵׁמַע־אֹזֶן שְׁמַעְתִּיךָ וְעַתָּה עֵינִי רָאָתְךָ׃ 42.6. עַל־כֵּן אֶמְאַס וְנִחַמְתִּי עַל־עָפָר וָאֵפֶר׃ 42.7. וַיְהִי אַחַר דִּבֶּר יְהוָה אֶת־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֶל־אִיּוֹב וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־אֱלִיפַז הַתֵּימָנִי חָרָה אַפִּי בְךָ וּבִשְׁנֵי רֵעֶיךָ כִּי לֹא דִבַּרְתֶּם אֵלַי נְכוֹנָה כְּעַבְדִּי אִיּוֹב׃ 42.8. וְעַתָּה קְחוּ־לָכֶם שִׁבְעָה־פָרִים וְשִׁבְעָה אֵילִים וּלְכוּ אֶל־עַבְדִּי אִיּוֹב וְהַעֲלִיתֶם עוֹלָה בַּעַדְכֶם וְאִיּוֹב עַבְדִּי יִתְפַּלֵּל עֲלֵיכֶם כִּי אִם־פָּנָיו אֶשָּׂא לְבִלְתִּי עֲשׂוֹת עִמָּכֶם נְבָלָה כִּי לֹא דִבַּרְתֶּם אֵלַי נְכוֹנָה כְּעַבְדִּי אִיּוֹב׃ 42.9. וַיֵּלְכוּ אֱלִיפַז הַתֵּימָנִי וּבִלְדַּד הַשּׁוּחִי צֹפַר הַנַּעֲמָתִי וַיַּעֲשׂוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֲלֵיהֶם יְהוָה וַיִּשָּׂא יְהוָה אֶת־פְּנֵי אִיּוֹב׃ 42.11. וַיָּבֹאוּ אֵלָיו כָּל־אֶחָיו וְכָל־אחיתיו [אַחְיוֹתָיו] וְכָל־יֹדְעָיו לְפָנִים וַיֹּאכְלוּ עִמּוֹ לֶחֶם בְּבֵיתוֹ וַיָּנֻדוּ לוֹ וַיְנַחֲמוּ אֹתוֹ עַל כָּל־הָרָעָה אֲשֶׁר־הֵבִיא יְהוָה עָלָיו וַיִּתְּנוּ־לוֹ אִישׁ קְשִׂיטָה אֶחָת וְאִישׁ נֶזֶם זָהָב אֶחָד׃ 42.12. וַיהוָה בֵּרַךְ אֶת־אַחֲרִית אִיּוֹב מֵרֵאשִׁתוֹ וַיְהִי־לוֹ אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר אֶלֶף צֹאן וְשֵׁשֶׁת אֲלָפִים גְּמַלִּים וְאֶלֶף־צֶמֶד בָּקָר וְאֶלֶף אֲתוֹנוֹת׃ 42.13. וַיְהִי־לוֹ שִׁבְעָנָה בָנִים וְשָׁלוֹשׁ בָּנוֹת׃ 42.14. וַיִּקְרָא שֵׁם־הָאַחַת יְמִימָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית קְצִיעָה וְשֵׁם הַשְּׁלִישִׁית קֶרֶן הַפּוּךְ׃ 42.15. וְלֹא נִמְצָא נָשִׁים יָפוֹת כִּבְנוֹת אִיּוֹב בְּכָל־הָאָרֶץ וַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם אֲבִיהֶם נַחֲלָה בְּתוֹךְ אֲחֵיהֶם׃ 42.16. וַיְחִי אִיּוֹב אַחֲרֵי־זֹאת מֵאָה וְאַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה וירא [וַיִּרְאֶה] אֶת־בָּנָיו וְאֶת־בְּנֵי בָנָיו אַרְבָּעָה דֹּרוֹת׃ 42.17. וַיָּמָת אִיּוֹב זָקֵן וּשְׂבַע יָמִים׃ 2.12. And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and threw dust upon their heads toward heaven." 2.13. So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spoke a word unto him; for they saw that his grief was very great." 9.22. It is all one—therefore I say: He destroyeth the innocent and the wicked." 10.16. And if it exalt itself, Thou huntest me as a lion; And again Thou showest Thyself marvellous upon me." 27.6. My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go; My heart shall not reproach me so long as I live." 27.17. He may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, And the innocent shall divide the silver." 27.18. He buildeth his house as a moth, And as a booth which the keeper maketh." 31.39. If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, Or have caused the tillers thereof to be disappointed—" 42.1. Then Job answered the LORD, and said:" 42.2. I know that Thou canst do every thing, And that no purpose can be withholden from Thee." 42.3. Who is this that hideth counsel without knowledge? Therefore have I uttered that which I understood not, Things too wonderful for me, which I knew not." 42.4. Hear, I beseech Thee, and I will speak; I will demand of Thee, and declare Thou unto me." 42.5. I had heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear; But now mine eye seeth Thee;" 42.6. Wherefore I abhor my words, and repent, Seeing I am dust and ashes." 42.7. And it was so, that after the LORD had spoken these words unto Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite: ‘My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy two friends; for ye have not spoken of Me the thing that is right, as My servant Job hath." 42.8. Now therefore, take unto you seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to My servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt-offering; and My servant Job shall pray for you; for him will I accept, that I do not unto you aught unseemly; for ye have not spoken of Me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath.’" 42.9. So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as the LORD commanded them; and the LORD accepted Job." 42.10. And the LORD changed the fortune of Job, when he prayed for his friends; and the LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before." 42.11. Then came there unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his house; and they bemoaned him, and comforted him concerning all the evil that the LORD had brought upon him; every man also gave him a piece of money, and every one a ring of gold." 42.12. So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning; and he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she-asses. ." 42.13. He had also seven sons and three daughters." 42.14. And he called the name of the first, Jemimah; and the name of the second, Keziah; and the name of the third, Keren-happuch." 42.15. And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job; and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren." 42.16. And after this Job lived a hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons’sons, even four generations." 42.17. So Job died, being old and full of days."
6. Hebrew Bible, Micah, 7.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

7.8. אַל־תִּשְׂמְחִי אֹיַבְתִּי לִי כִּי נָפַלְתִּי קָמְתִּי כִּי־אֵשֵׁב בַּחֹשֶׁךְ יְהוָה אוֹר לִי׃ 7.8. Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy; Though I am fallen, I shall arise; Though I sit in darkness, the LORD is a light unto me."
7. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 20.1, 27.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

20.1. וַיַּקְהִלוּ מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן אֶת־הַקָּהָל אֶל־פְּנֵי הַסָּלַע וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם שִׁמְעוּ־נָא הַמֹּרִים הֲמִן־הַסֶּלַע הַזֶּה נוֹצִיא לָכֶם מָיִם׃ 20.1. וַיָּבֹאוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל כָּל־הָעֵדָה מִדְבַּר־צִן בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן וַיֵּשֶׁב הָעָם בְּקָדֵשׁ וַתָּמָת שָׁם מִרְיָם וַתִּקָּבֵר שָׁם׃ 27.13. וְרָאִיתָה אֹתָהּ וְנֶאֱסַפְתָּ אֶל־עַמֶּיךָ גַּם־אָתָּה כַּאֲשֶׁר נֶאֱסַף אַהֲרֹן אָחִיךָ׃ 20.1. And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, came into the wilderness of Zin in the first month; and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there." 27.13. And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered;"
8. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 11.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

11.4. לֹא־יוֹעִיל הוֹן בְּיוֹם עֶבְרָה וּצְדָקָה תַּצִּיל מִמָּוֶת׃ 11.4. Riches profit not in the day of wrath; But righteousness delivereth from death."
9. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 34.26, 35.24, 38.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

35.24. שָׁפְטֵנִי כְצִדְקְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהָי וְאַל־יִשְׂמְחוּ־לִי׃ 38.16. כִּי־לְךָ יְהוָה הוֹחָלְתִּי אַתָּה תַעֲנֶה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהָי׃ 35.24. Judge me, O LORD my God, according to Thy righteousness; And let them not rejoice over me." 38.16. For in Thee, O LORD, do I hope; Thou wilt answer, O Lord my God."
10. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 28.3, 31.13 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

28.3. וּשְׁמוּאֵל מֵת וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־לוֹ כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּקְבְּרֻהוּ בָרָמָה וּבְעִירוֹ וְשָׁאוּל הֵסִיר הָאֹבוֹת וְאֶת־הַיִּדְּעֹנִים מֵהָאָרֶץ׃ 31.13. וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת־עַצְמֹתֵיהֶם וַיִּקְבְּרוּ תַחַת־הָאֶשֶׁל בְּיָבֵשָׁה וַיָּצֻמוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים׃ 28.3. Now Shemu᾽el was dead, and all Yisra᾽el had mourned him, and buried him in Rama in his own city. And Sha᾽ul had put away the mediums and the wizards, out of the land." 31.13. And they took their bones, and buried them under a tamarisk tree at Yavesh, and fasted seven days."
11. Hebrew Bible, 2 Kings, 9.35-9.37, 19.36-19.37, 21.1-21.8, 21.10-21.16 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

9.35. וַיֵּלְכוּ לְקָבְרָהּ וְלֹא־מָצְאוּ בָהּ כִּי אִם־הַגֻּלְגֹּלֶת וְהָרַגְלַיִם וְכַפּוֹת הַיָּדָיִם׃ 9.36. וַיָּשֻׁבוּ וַיַּגִּידוּ לוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר דְּבַר־יְהוָה הוּא אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד־עַבְדּוֹ אֵלִיָּהוּ הַתִּשְׁבִּי לֵאמֹר בְּחֵלֶק יִזְרְעֶאל יֹאכְלוּ הַכְּלָבִים אֶת־בְּשַׂר אִיזָבֶל׃ 9.37. והית [וְהָיְתָה] נִבְלַת אִיזֶבֶל כְּדֹמֶן עַל־פְּנֵי הַשָּׂדֶה בְּחֵלֶק יִזְרְעֶאל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יֹאמְרוּ זֹאת אִיזָבֶל׃ 19.36. וַיִּסַּע וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיָּשָׁב סַנְחֵרִיב מֶלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּנִינְוֵה׃ 19.37. וַיְהִי הוּא מִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה בֵּית נִסְרֹךְ אֱלֹהָיו וְאַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ וְשַׂרְאֶצֶר [בָּנָיו] הִכֻּהוּ בַחֶרֶב וְהֵמָּה נִמְלְטוּ אֶרֶץ אֲרָרָט וַיִּמְלֹךְ אֵסַר־חַדֹּן בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃ 21.1. בֶּן־שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מְנַשֶּׁה בְמָלְכוֹ וַחֲמִשִּׁים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ חֶפְצִי־בָהּ׃ 21.1. וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה בְּיַד־עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים לֵאמֹר׃ 21.2. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה כְּתוֹעֲבֹת הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הוֹרִישׁ יְהוָה מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 21.2. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה מְנַשֶּׁה אָבִיו׃ 21.3. וַיָּשָׁב וַיִּבֶן אֶת־הַבָּמוֹת אֲשֶׁר אִבַּד חִזְקִיָּהוּ אָבִיו וַיָּקֶם מִזְבְּחֹת לַבַּעַל וַיַּעַשׂ אֲשֵׁרָה כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה אַחְאָב מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לְכָל־צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיַּעֲבֹד אֹתָם׃ 21.4. וּבָנָה מִזְבְּחֹת בְּבֵית יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהוָה בִּירוּשָׁלִַם אָשִׂים אֶת־שְׁמִי׃ 21.5. וַיִּבֶן מִזְבְּחוֹת לְכָל־צְבָא הַשָּׁמָיִם בִּשְׁתֵּי חַצְרוֹת בֵּית־יְהוָה׃ 21.6. וְהֶעֱבִיר אֶת־בְּנוֹ בָּאֵשׁ וְעוֹנֵן וְנִחֵשׁ וְעָשָׂה אוֹב וְיִדְּעֹנִים הִרְבָּה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה לְהַכְעִיס׃ 21.7. וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־פֶּסֶל הָאֲשֵׁרָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה בַּבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהוָה אֶל־דָּוִד וְאֶל־שְׁלֹמֹה בְנוֹ בַּבַּיִת הַזֶּה וּבִירוּשָׁלִַם אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי מִכֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָשִׂים אֶת־שְׁמִי לְעוֹלָם׃ 21.8. וְלֹא אֹסִיף לְהָנִיד רֶגֶל יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לַאֲבוֹתָם רַק אִם־יִשְׁמְרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִים וּלְכָל־הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה אֹתָם עַבְדִּי מֹשֶׁה׃ 21.11. יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה מְנַשֶּׁה מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה הַתֹּעֵבוֹת הָאֵלֶּה הֵרַע מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־עָשׂוּ הָאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר לְפָנָיו וַיַּחֲטִא גַם־אֶת־יְהוּדָה בְּגִלּוּלָיו׃ 21.12. לָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הִנְנִי מֵבִיא רָעָה עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם וִיהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר כָּל־שמעיו [שֹׁמְעָהּ] תִּצַּלְנָה שְׁתֵּי אָזְנָיו׃ 21.13. וְנָטִיתִי עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֵת קָו שֹׁמְרוֹן וְאֶת־מִשְׁקֹלֶת בֵּית אַחְאָב וּמָחִיתִי אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם כַּאֲשֶׁר־יִמְחֶה אֶת־הַצַּלַּחַת מָחָה וְהָפַךְ עַל־פָּנֶיהָ׃ 21.14. וְנָטַשְׁתִּי אֵת שְׁאֵרִית נַחֲלָתִי וּנְתַתִּים בְּיַד אֹיְבֵיהֶם וְהָיוּ לְבַז וְלִמְשִׁסָּה לְכָל־אֹיְבֵיהֶם׃ 21.15. יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ אֶת־הָרַע בְּעֵינַי וַיִּהְיוּ מַכְעִסִים אֹתִי מִן־הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר יָצְאוּ אֲבוֹתָם מִמִּצְרַיִם וְעַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃ 21.16. וְגַם דָּם נָקִי שָׁפַךְ מְנַשֶּׁה הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד עַד אֲשֶׁר־מִלֵּא אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם פֶּה לָפֶה לְבַד מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת־יְהוּדָה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה׃ 9.35. And they went to bury her; but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands." 9.36. Wherefore they came back, and told him. And he said: ‘This is the word of the LORD, which He spoke by His servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying: In the portion of Jezreel shall the dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel;" 9.37. and the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say: This is Jezebel.’" 19.36. So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh." 19.37. And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sarezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead." 21.1. Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign; and he reigned five and fifty years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Hephzi-bah." 21.2. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the nations, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel." 21.3. For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made an Asherah, as did Ahab king of Israel, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them." 21.4. And he built altars in the house of the LORD, whereof the LORD said: ‘In Jerusalem will I put My name.’" 21.5. And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD." 21.6. And he made his son to pass through the fire, and practised soothsaying, and used enchantments, and appointed them that divined by a ghost or a familiar spirit: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him." 21.7. And he set the graven image of Asherah, that he had made, in the house of which the LORD said to David and to Solomon his son: ‘In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put My name for ever;" 21.8. neither will I cause the feet of Israel to wander any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; if only they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that My servant Moses commanded them.’" 21.10. And the LORD spoke by His servants the prophets, saying:" 21.11. ’Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, that were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols;" 21.12. therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Behold, I bring such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle." 21.13. And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab; and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down." 21.14. And I will cast off the remt of Mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;" 21.15. because they have done that which is evil in My sight, and have provoked Me, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day.’" 21.16. Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD."
12. Hebrew Bible, 2 Samuel, 21.14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

21.14. וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֶת־עַצְמוֹת־שָׁאוּל וִיהוֹנָתָן־בְּנוֹ בְּאֶרֶץ בִּנְיָמִן בְּצֵלָע בְּקֶבֶר קִישׁ אָבִיו וַיַּעֲשׂוּ כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֵּעָתֵר אֱלֹהִים לָאָרֶץ אַחֲרֵי־כֵן׃ 21.14. And the bones of Sha᾽ul and Yehonatan his son they buried in the country of Binyamin in Żela, in the tomb of Qish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was entreated for the land."
13. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 8.2, 14.16, 16.6, 23.33, 29.5 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8.2. עָבַר קָצִיר כָּלָה קָיִץ וַאֲנַחְנוּ לוֹא נוֹשָׁעְנוּ׃ 8.2. וּשְׁטָחוּם לַשֶּׁמֶשׁ וְלַיָּרֵחַ וּלְכֹל צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם אֲשֶׁר אֲהֵבוּם וַאֲשֶׁר עֲבָדוּם וַאֲשֶׁר הָלְכוּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם וַאֲשֶׁר דְּרָשׁוּם וַאֲשֶׁר הִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לָהֶם לֹא יֵאָסְפוּ וְלֹא יִקָּבֵרוּ לְדֹמֶן עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה יִהְיוּ׃ 14.16. וְהָעָם אֲשֶׁר־הֵמָּה נִבְּאִים לָהֶם יִהְיוּ מֻשְׁלָכִים בְּחֻצוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם מִפְּנֵי הָרָעָב וְהַחֶרֶב וְאֵין מְקַבֵּר לָהֵמָּה הֵמָּה נְשֵׁיהֶם וּבְנֵיהֶם וּבְנֹתֵיהֶם וְשָׁפַכְתִּי עֲלֵיהֶם אֶת־רָעָתָם׃ 16.6. וּמֵתוּ גְדֹלִים וּקְטַנִּים בָּאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת לֹא יִקָּבֵרוּ וְלֹא־יִסְפְּדוּ לָהֶם וְלֹא יִתְגֹּדַד וְלֹא יִקָּרֵחַ לָהֶם׃ 23.33. וְכִי־יִשְׁאָלְךָ הָעָם הַזֶּה אוֹ־הַנָּבִיא אוֹ־כֹהֵן לֵאמֹר מַה־מַשָּׂא יְהוָה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם אֶת־מַה־מַשָּׂא וְנָטַשְׁתִּי אֶתְכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 29.5. בְּנוּ בָתִּים וְשֵׁבוּ וְנִטְעוּ גַנּוֹת וְאִכְלוּ אֶת־פִּרְיָן׃ 8.2. and they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped; they shall not be gathered, nor be buried, they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth." 14.16. and the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them, them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters; for I will pour their evil upon them.’" 16.6. Both the great and the small shall die in this land; they shall not be buried; neither shall men lament for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them;" 23.33. And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying: ‘What is the burden of the LORD?’ then shalt thou say unto them: ‘What burden! I will cast you off, saith the LORD.’" 29.5. Build ye houses, and dwell in them, and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them;"
14. Hebrew Bible, Judges, 2.8-2.10, 8.32, 12.7, 12.10, 13.2-13.20, 16.31 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2.8. וַיָּמָת יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן־נוּן עֶבֶד יְהוָה בֶּן־מֵאָה וָעֶשֶׂר שָׁנִים׃ 2.9. וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אוֹתוֹ בִּגְבוּל נַחֲלָתוֹ בְּתִמְנַת־חֶרֶס בְּהַר אֶפְרָיִם מִצְּפוֹן לְהַר־גָּעַשׁ׃ 8.32. וַיָּמָת גִּדְעוֹן בֶּן־יוֹאָשׁ בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּקֶבֶר יוֹאָשׁ אָבִיו בְּעָפְרָה אֲבִי הָעֶזְרִי׃ 12.7. וַיִּשְׁפֹּט יִפְתָּח אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים וַיָּמָת יִפְתָּח הַגִּלְעָדִי וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּעָרֵי גִלְעָד׃ 13.2. וַיְהִי בַעֲלוֹת הַלַּהַב מֵעַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וַיַּעַל מַלְאַךְ־יְהוָה בְּלַהַב הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּמָנוֹחַ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ רֹאִים וַיִּפְּלוּ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶם אָרְצָה׃ 13.2. וַיְהִי אִישׁ אֶחָד מִצָּרְעָה מִמִּשְׁפַּחַת הַדָּנִי וּשְׁמוֹ מָנוֹחַ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ עֲקָרָה וְלֹא יָלָדָה׃ 13.3. וַיֵּרָא מַלְאַךְ־יְהוָה אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ הִנֵּה־נָא אַתְּ־עֲקָרָה וְלֹא יָלַדְתְּ וְהָרִית וְיָלַדְתְּ בֵּן׃ 13.4. וְעַתָּה הִשָּׁמְרִי נָא וְאַל־תִּשְׁתִּי יַיִן וְשֵׁכָר וְאַל־תֹּאכְלִי כָּל־טָמֵא׃ 13.5. כִּי הִנָּךְ הָרָה וְיֹלַדְתְּ בֵּן וּמוֹרָה לֹא־יַעֲלֶה עַל־רֹאשׁוֹ כִּי־נְזִיר אֱלֹהִים יִהְיֶה הַנַּעַר מִן־הַבָּטֶן וְהוּא יָחֵל לְהוֹשִׁיעַ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד פְּלִשְׁתִּים׃ 13.6. וַתָּבֹא הָאִשָּׁה וַתֹּאמֶר לְאִישָׁהּ לֵאמֹר אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים בָּא אֵלַי וּמַרְאֵהוּ כְּמַרְאֵה מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים נוֹרָא מְאֹד וְלֹא שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ אֵי־מִזֶּה הוּא וְאֶת־שְׁמוֹ לֹא־הִגִּיד לִי׃ 13.7. וַיֹּאמֶר לִי הִנָּךְ הָרָה וְיֹלַדְתְּ בֵּן וְעַתָּה אַל־תִּשְׁתִּי יַיִן וְשֵׁכָר וְאַל־תֹּאכְלִי כָּל־טֻמְאָה כִּי־נְזִיר אֱלֹהִים יִהְיֶה הַנַּעַר מִן־הַבֶּטֶן עַד־יוֹם מוֹתוֹ׃ 13.8. וַיֶּעְתַּר מָנוֹחַ אֶל־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר בִּי אֲדוֹנָי אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַחְתָּ יָבוֹא־נָא עוֹד אֵלֵינוּ וְיוֹרֵנוּ מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂה לַנַּעַר הַיּוּלָּד׃ 13.9. וַיִּשְׁמַע הָאֱלֹהִים בְּקוֹל מָנוֹחַ וַיָּבֹא מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים עוֹד אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וְהִיא יוֹשֶׁבֶת בַּשָּׂדֶה וּמָנוֹחַ אִישָׁהּ אֵין עִמָּהּ׃ 13.11. וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלֶךְ מָנוֹחַ אַחֲרֵי אִשְׁתּוֹ וַיָּבֹא אֶל־הָאִישׁ וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ הַאַתָּה הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּרְתָּ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וַיֹּאמֶר אָנִי׃ 13.12. וַיֹּאמֶר מָנוֹחַ עַתָּה יָבֹא דְבָרֶיךָ מַה־יִּהְיֶה מִשְׁפַּט־הַנַּעַר וּמַעֲשֵׂהוּ׃ 13.13. וַיֹּאמֶר מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה אֶל־מָנוֹחַ מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־אָמַרְתִּי אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה תִּשָּׁמֵר׃ 13.14. מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יֵצֵא מִגֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן לֹא תֹאכַל וְיַיִן וְשֵׁכָר אַל־תֵּשְׁתְּ וְכָל־טֻמְאָה אַל־תֹּאכַל כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־צִוִּיתִיהָ תִּשְׁמֹר׃ 13.15. וַיֹּאמֶר מָנוֹחַ אֶל־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה נַעְצְרָה־נָּא אוֹתָךְ וְנַעֲשֶׂה לְפָנֶיךָ גְּדִי עִזִּים׃ 13.16. וַיֹּאמֶר מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה אֶל־מָנוֹחַ אִם־תַּעְצְרֵנִי לֹא־אֹכַל בְּלַחְמֶךָ וְאִם־תַּעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה לַיהוָה תַּעֲלֶנָּה כִּי לֹא־יָדַע מָנוֹחַ כִּי־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה הוּא׃ 13.17. וַיֹּאמֶר מָנוֹחַ אֶל־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה מִי שְׁמֶךָ כִּי־יָבֹא דבריך [דְבָרְךָ] וְכִבַּדְנוּךָ׃ 13.18. וַיֹּאמֶר לּוֹ מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה לָמָּה זֶּה תִּשְׁאַל לִשְׁמִי וְהוּא־פֶלִאי׃ 13.19. וַיִּקַּח מָנוֹחַ אֶת־גְּדִי הָעִזִּים וְאֶת־הַמִּנְחָה וַיַּעַל עַל־הַצּוּר לַיהוָה וּמַפְלִא לַעֲשׂוֹת וּמָנוֹחַ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ רֹאִים׃ 16.31. וַיֵּרְדוּ אֶחָיו וְכָל־בֵּית אָבִיהוּ וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ וַיַּעֲלוּ וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אוֹתוֹ בֵּין צָרְעָה וּבֵין אֶשְׁתָּאֹל בְּקֶבֶר מָנוֹחַ אָבִיו וְהוּא שָׁפַט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל עֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה׃ 2.8. And Yehoshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being a hundred and ten years old." 2.9. And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnat-ĥeres, in the mount of Efrayim, on the north side of the hill Ga῾ash." 2.10. And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the Lord, nor yet the work which he had done for Yisra᾽el." 8.32. And Gid῾on the son of Yo᾽ash died in a good old age, and was buried in the tomb of Yo᾽ash his father, in ῾ofra of the Avi-῾ezri." 12.7. And Yiftaĥ judged Yisra᾽el for six years. Then Yiftaĥ the Gil῾adite died, and was buried in one of the cities of Gil῾ad." 12.10. Then died Ivżan, and was buried at Bet-leĥem." 13.2. And there was a certain man of Żor῾a, of the family of the Dani, whose name was Manoaĥ; and his wife was barren, and bore not." 13.3. And the angel of the Lord appeared to the woman, and said to her, Behold now, thou art barren, and bearest not: but thou shalt conceive, and bear a son." 13.4. Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink neither wine nor strong drink, and eat no unclean thing:" 13.5. for, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazir to God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Yisra᾽el out of the hand of the Pelishtim." 13.6. Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came to me, and his appearance was like the appearance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not from where he was, neither did he tell me his name:" 13.7. but he said to me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazir to God from the womb to the day of his death." 13.8. Then Manoaĥ entreated the Lord, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God whom Thou didst send come again to us, and teach us what we shall do to the child that shall be born." 13.9. And God hearkened to the voice of Manoaĥ; and the angel of God came again to the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoaĥ her husband was not with her." 13.10. And the woman made haste, and ran, and told her husband, and said to him, Behold, the man has appeared to me, that came to me the other day." 13.11. And Manoaĥ arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said to him, Art thou the man that didst speak to the woman? And he said, I am." 13.12. And Manoaĥ said, Now let thy words come to pass. What shall be the rule for the child, and what shall be done with him?" 13.13. And the angel of the Lord said to Manoaĥ, of all that I said to the woman let her take heed." 13.14. She may not eat of anything that comes of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe." 13.15. And Manoaĥ said to the angel of the Lord, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee." 13.16. And the angel of the Lord said to Manoaĥ, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it to the Lord. For Manoaĥ knew not that he was an angel of the Lord." 13.17. And Manoaĥ said to the angel of the Lord, What is thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour?" 13.18. And the angel of the Lord said to him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is hidden?" 13.19. So Manoaĥ took the kid with the meal offering, and offered it upon the rock to the Lord: and the angel did wondrously, and Manoaĥ and his wife looked on." 13.20. For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the Lord ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoaĥ and his wife looked on it, and fell on their faces to the ground." 16.31. Then his brethren and all the house of his father came down, and took him, and brought him up, and buried him between Żor῾a and Eshta᾽ol in the buryingplace of Manoaĥ his father. And he judged Yisra᾽el for twenty years."
15. Hebrew Bible, 1 Chronicles, 10.12 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

10.12. וַיָּקוּמוּ כָּל־אִישׁ חַיִל וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־גּוּפַת שָׁאוּל וְאֵת גּוּפֹת בָּנָיו וַיְבִיאוּם יָבֵישָׁה וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֶת־עַצְמוֹתֵיהֶם תַּחַת הָאֵלָה בְּיָבֵשׁ וַיָּצוּמוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים׃ 10.12. all the valiant men arose, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the terebinth in Jabesh, and fasted seven days."
16. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 33.13, 33.15, 33.18-33.20, 35.24 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

33.13. וַיִּתְפַּלֵּל אֵלָיו וַיֵּעָתֶר לוֹ וַיִּשְׁמַע תְּחִנָּתוֹ וַיְשִׁיבֵהוּ יְרוּשָׁלִַם לְמַלְכוּתוֹ וַיֵּדַע מְנַשֶּׁה כִּי יְהוָה הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים׃ 33.15. וַיָּסַר אֶת־אֱלֹהֵי הַנֵּכָר וְאֶת־הַסֶּמֶל מִבֵּית יְהוָה וְכָל־הַמִּזְבְּחוֹת אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה בְּהַר בֵּית־יְהוָה וּבִירוּשָׁלִָם וַיַּשְׁלֵךְ חוּצָה לָעִיר׃ 33.18. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי מְנַשֶּׁה וּתְפִלָּתוֹ אֶל־אֱלֹהָיו וְדִבְרֵי הַחֹזִים הַמְדַבְּרִים אֵלָיו בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הִנָּם עַל־דִּבְרֵי מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 33.19. וּתְפִלָּתוֹ וְהֵעָתֶר־לוֹ וְכָל־חַטָּאתוֹ וּמַעְלוֹ וְהַמְּקֹמוֹת אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה בָהֶם בָּמוֹת וְהֶעֱמִיד הָאֲשֵׁרִים וְהַפְּסִלִים לִפְנֵי הִכָּנְעוֹ הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל דִּבְרֵי חוֹזָי׃ 35.24. וַיַּעֲבִירֻהוּ עֲבָדָיו מִן־הַמֶּרְכָּבָה וַיַּרְכִּיבֻהוּ עַל רֶכֶב הַמִּשְׁנֶה אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ וַיּוֹלִיכֻהוּ יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיָּמָת וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּקִבְרוֹת אֲבֹתָיו וְכָל־יְהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלִַם מִתְאַבְּלִים עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ׃ 33.13. And he prayed unto Him; and He was entreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him back to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD He was God." 33.15. And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of the LORD, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of the LORD, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city." 33.18. Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, and the words of the seers that spoke to him in the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, behold, they are written among the acts of the kings of Israel." 33.19. His prayer also, and how [God] was entreated of him, and all his sin and his transgression, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up the Asherim and the graven images, before he humbled himself; behold, they are written in the history of the seers." 35.24. So his servants took him out of the chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had, and brought him to Jerusalem; and he died, and was buried in the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah."
17. Herodotus, Histories, 7.101-7.104 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7.101. After he passed by all his fleet and disembarked from the ship, he sent for Demaratus son of Ariston, who was on the expedition with him against Hellas. He summoned him and said, “Demaratus, it is now my pleasure to ask you what I wish to know. You are a Greek, and, as I am told both by you and by the other Greeks whom I have talked to, a man from neither the least nor the weakest of Greek cities. ,So tell me: will the Greeks offer battle and oppose me? I think that even if all the Greeks and all the men of the western lands were assembled together, they are not powerful enough to withstand my attack, unless they are united. ,Still I want to hear from you what you say of them.” To this question Demaratus answered, “O king, should I speak the truth or try to please you?” Xerxes bade him speak the truth and said that it would be no more unpleasant for him than before. 7.102. Demaratus heard this and said, “O King, since you bid me by all means to speak the whole truth, and to say what you will not later prove to be false, in Hellas poverty is always endemic, but courage is acquired as the fruit of wisdom and strong law; by use of this courage Hellas defends herself from poverty and tyranny. ,Now I praise all the Greeks who dwell in those Dorian lands, yet I am not going to speak these words about all of them, but only about the Lacedaemonians. First, they will never accept conditions from you that bring slavery upon Hellas; and second, they will meet you in battle even if all the other Greeks are on your side. ,Do not ask me how many these men are who can do this; they will fight with you whether they have an army of a thousand men, or more than that, or less.” 7.103. When he heard this, Xerxes smiled and said, “What a strange thing to say, Demaratus, that a thousand men would fight with so great an army! Come now, tell me this: you say that you were king of these men. Are you willing right now to fight with ten men? Yet if your state is entirely as you define it, you as their king should by right encounter twice as many according to your laws. ,If each of them is a match for ten men of my army, then it is plain to me that you must be a match for twenty; in this way you would prove that what you say is true. But if you Greeks who so exalt yourselves are just like you and the others who come to speak with me, and are also the same size, then beware lest the words you have spoken be only idle boasting. ,Let us look at it with all reasonableness: how could a thousand, or ten thousand, or even fifty thousand men, if they are all equally free and not under the rule of one man, withstand so great an army as mine? If you Greeks are five thousand, we still would be more than a thousand to one. ,If they were under the rule of one man according to our custom, they might out of fear of him become better than they naturally are, and under compulsion of the lash they might go against greater numbers of inferior men; but if they are allowed to go free they would do neither. I myself think that even if they were equal in numbers it would be hard for the Greeks to fight just against the Persians. ,What you are talking about is found among us alone, and even then it is not common but rare; there are some among my Persian spearmen who will gladly fight with three Greeks at once. You have no knowledge of this and are spouting a lot of nonsense.” 7.104. To this Demaratus answered, “O king I knew from the first that the truth would be unwelcome to you. But since you compelled me to speak as truly as I could, I have told you how it stands with the Spartans. ,You yourself best know what love I bear them: they have robbed me of my office and the privileges of my house, and made me a cityless exile; your father received me and gave me a house and the means to live on. It is not reasonable for a sensible man to reject goodwill when it appears; rather he will hold it in great affection. ,I myself do not promise that I can fight with ten men or with two, and I would not even willingly fight with one; yet if it were necessary, or if some great contest spurred me, I would most gladly fight with one of those men who claim to be each a match for three Greeks. ,So is it with the Lacedaemonians; fighting singly they are as brave as any man living, and together they are the best warriors on earth. They are free, yet not wholly free: law is their master, whom they fear much more than your men fear you. ,They do whatever it bids; and its bidding is always the same, that they must never flee from the battle before any multitude of men, but must abide at their post and there conquer or die. If I seem to you to speak foolishness when I say this, then let me hereafter hold my peace; it is under constraint that I have now spoken. But may your wish be fulfilled, King.”
18. Septuagint, Tobit, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.3-3.6, 1.4, 1.8, 1.13, 1.14, 1.17, 1.18, 1.20, 1.21, 1.22, 2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.14, 3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 4, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 4.21, 5.18, 5.21, 5.23, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.14, 6.15, 7.7, 8.2, 8.3, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.15, 8.16, 8.17, 11.2, 11.4, 11.7, 11.11, 11.12, 11.13, 11.14, 11.15, 11.16, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12, 12.13, 12.14, 12.15, 12.16, 12.17, 12.18, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21, 12.22, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.7, 13.8, 13.9, 13.10, 13.11, 13.12, 13.13, 13.14, 13.15, 13.16, 13.17, 13.18, 14, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.12, 14.13, 14.14, 14.15 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

19. Anon., 1 Enoch, 91.1-91.10, 91.18, 94.1, 103.12, 108.9 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

91.1. And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers And gather together to me all the sons of thy mother; For the word calls me, And the spirit is poured out upon me, That I may show you everything That shall befall you for ever.' 91.1. And the righteous shall arise from their sleep, And wisdom shall arise and be given unto them. 91.2. And there upon Methuselah went and summoned to him all his brothers and assembled his relatives. 91.3. And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said: 91.4. Love uprightness and walk therein. And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart, And associate not with those of a double heart,But walk in righteousness, my sons. And it shall guide you on good paths, And righteousness shall be your companion. 91.5. For I know that violence must increase on the earth, And a great chastisement be executed on the earth, And all unrighteousness come to an end:Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots, And its whole structure be destroyed. 91.6. And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the earth, And all the deeds of unrighteousness and of violence And transgression shall prevail in a twofold degree. 91.7. And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy And violence in all kinds of deeds increase, And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these, And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and chastisement To execute judgement on earth. 91.8. In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots, And the roots of unrighteousness together with deceit, And they shall be destroyed from under heaven. 91.9. And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned, And the temples burned with fire, And they shall remove them from the whole earth,And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of fire, And shall perish in wrath and in grievous judgement for ever. 91.18. And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass. 94.1. And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk therein; For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation, But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be destroyed and vanish. 94.1. Thus I speak and declare unto you: He who hath created you will overthrow you, And for your fall there shall be no compassion, And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction. 103.12. They have had dominion over us that hated us and smote us; And to those that hated us we have bowed our necks But they pitied us not.
20. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 2.70, 9.19-9.21, 13.25-13.26 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.70. He died in the one hundred and forty-sixth year and was buried in the tomb of his fathers at Modein. And all Israel mourned for him with great lamentation. 9.19. Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother and buried him in the tomb of their fathers at Modein 9.20. and wept for him. And all Israel made great lamentation for him; they mourned many days and said 9.21. How is the mighty fallen,the savior of Israel! 13.25. And Simon sent and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and buried him in Modein, the city of his fathers. 13.26. All Israel bewailed him with great lamentation, and mourned for him many days.
21. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 1.35, 4.28 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.35. And with those persons whom the king favored he exchanged many excellent gifts. 4.28. When Sostratus the captain of the citadel kept requesting payment, for the collection of the revenue was his responsibility, the two of them were summoned by the king on account of this issue.'
22. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 4.1-4.6, 7.18-7.19, 11.18-11.19, 11.21-11.22, 14.3, 14.5, 14.16-14.17, 22.12, 23.3, 27.1, 29.10-29.12, 31.15, 34.27, 41.1-41.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.1. My son, deprive not the poor of his living,and do not keep needy eyes waiting. 4.1. Be like a father to orphans,and instead of a husband to their mother;you will then be like a son of the Most High,and he will love you more than does your mother. 4.2. Do not grieve the one who is hungry,nor anger a man in want. 4.2. Observe the right time, and beware of evil;and do not bring shame on yourself. 4.3. Do not add to the troubles of an angry mind,nor delay your gift to a beggar. 4.3. Do not be like a lion in your home,nor be a faultfinder with your servants. 4.4. Do not reject an afflicted suppliant,nor turn your face away from the poor. 4.5. Do not avert your eye from the needy,nor give a man occasion to curse you; 4.6. for if in bitterness of soul he calls down a curse upon you,his Creator will hear his prayer. 7.18. Do not exchange a friend for money,or a real brother for the gold of Ophir. 7.19. Do not deprive yourself of a wise and good wife,for her charm is worth more than gold. 14.3. Riches are not seemly for a stingy man;and of what use is property to an envious man? 14.5. If a man is mean to himself, to whom will he be generous?He will not enjoy his own riches. 14.16. Give, and take, and beguile yourself,because in Hades one cannot look for luxury. 14.17. All living beings become old like a garment,for the decree from of old is, "You must surely die! 22.12. Mourning for the dead lasts seven days,but for a fool or an ungodly man it lasts all his life. 22.12. There is an utterance which is comparable to death;may it never be found in the inheritance of Jacob!For all these errors will be far from the godly,and they will not wallow in sins. 29.11. Lay up your treasure according to the commandments of the Most High,and it will profit you more than gold. 29.12. Store up almsgiving in your treasury,and it will rescue you from all affliction; 31.15. Judge your neighbors feelings by your own,and in every matter be thoughtful. 41.1. O death, how bitter is the reminder of you to one who lives at peace among his possessions,to a man without distractions, who is prosperous in everything,and who still has the vigor to enjoy his food! 41.1. Whatever is from the dust returns to dust;so the ungodly go from curse to destruction. 41.2. and of silence, before those who greet you;of looking at a woman who is a harlot
23. Septuagint, Judith, 4.15, 6.17, 8.3, 8.6-8.7, 13.8, 13.14, 14.10, 16.9 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

4.15. With ashes upon their turbans, they cried out to the Lord with all their might to look with favor upon the whole house of Israel. 6.17. He answered and told them what had taken place at the council of Holofernes, and all that he had said in the presence of the Assyrian leaders, and all that Holofernes had said so boastfully against the house of Israel. 8.3. For as he stood overseeing the men who were binding sheaves in the field, he was overcome by the burning heat, and took to his bed and died in Bethulia his city. So they buried him with his fathers in the field between Dothan and Balamon. 8.6. She fasted all the days of her widowhood, except the day before the sabbath and the sabbath itself, the day before the new moon and the day of the new moon, and the feasts and days of rejoicing of the house of Israel. 8.7. She was beautiful in appearance, and had a very lovely face; and her husband Manasseh had left her gold and silver, and men and women slaves, and cattle, and fields; and she maintained this estate. 13.8. And she struck his neck twice with all her might, and severed it from his body. 13.14. Then she said to them with a loud voice, "Praise God, O praise him! Praise God, who has not withdrawn his mercy from the house of Israel, but has destroyed our enemies by my hand this very night! 14.10. And when Achior saw all that the God of Israel had done, he believed firmly in God, and was circumcised, and joined the house of Israel, remaining so to this day. 16.9. Her sandal ravished his eyes, her beauty captivated his mind, and the sword severed his neck.
24. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 9.3, 29.6, 37.5, 40.2 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

25. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 2.465, 4.314-4.317, 5.545 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.465. It was then common to see cities filled with dead bodies, still lying unburied, and those of old men, mixed with infants, all dead, and scattered about together; women also lay amongst them, without any covering for their nakedness: you might then see the whole province full of inexpressible calamities, while the dread of still more barbarous practices which were threatened was everywhere greater than what had been already perpetrated. 4.314. 2. But the rage of the Idumeans was not satiated by these slaughters; but they now betook themselves to the city, and plundered every house, and slew everyone they met; 4.315. and for the other multitude, they esteemed it needless to go on with killing them, but they sought for the high priests, and the generality went with the greatest zeal against them; 4.316. and as soon as they caught them they slew them, and then standing upon their dead bodies, in way of jest, upbraided Aus with his kindness to the people, and Jesus with his speech made to them from the wall. 4.317. Nay, they proceeded to that degree of impiety, as to cast away their dead bodies without burial, although the Jews used to take so much care of the burial of men, that they took down those that were condemned and crucified, and buried them before the going down of the sun. 5.545. She also made great lamentation privately to the maidservants that were about her, and said, That this was all the advantage she had of bringing so extraordinary a person as this son into the world; that she should not be able even to bury that son of hers, by whom she expected to have been buried herself.
26. New Testament, Apocalypse, 11.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.9. From among the peoples, tribes, languages, and nations people will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not allow their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.
27. New Testament, Luke, 9.59 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.59. He said to another, "Follow me!"But he said, "Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.
28. New Testament, Matthew, 8.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8.21. Another of his disciples said to him, "Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.
29. Ps.-Philo, Biblical Antiquities, 33.1-33.4, 33.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

30. Babylonian Talmud, Yevamot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

65b. הוא אמר אפלת בגו עשר והיא אמרה לא אפלית א"ר אמי אף בזו היא נאמנת דאם איתא דהפילה נפשה בעקרתה לא מחזקה,הפילה וחזרה והפילה וחזרה והפילה הוחזקה לנפלים הוא אמר אפילה תרי והיא אמרה תלת אמר רבי יצחק בן אלעזר עובדא הוה בי מדרשא ואמרו היא מהימנא דאם איתא דלא אפלה נפשה בניפלי לא מחזקה:, big strongמתני׳ /strong /big האיש מצווה על פריה ורביה אבל לא האשה רבי יוחנן בן ברוקה אומר על שניהם הוא אומר (בראשית א, כח) ויברך אותם אלהים ויאמר להם [אלהים] פרו ורבו:, big strongגמ׳ /strong /big מנא הני מילי אמר ר' אילעא משום ר' אלעזר בר' שמעון אמר קרא (בראשית א, כח) ומלאו את הארץ וכבשוה איש דרכו לכבש ואין אשה דרכה לכבש,אדרבה וכבשוה תרתי משמע אמר רב נחמן בר יצחק וכבשה כתיב רב יוסף אמר מהכא (בראשית לה, יא) אני אל שדי פרה ורבה ולא קאמר פרו ורבו,ואמר רבי אילעא משום ר' אלעזר בר' שמעון כשם שמצוה על אדם לומר דבר הנשמע כך מצוה על אדם שלא לומר דבר שאינו נשמע רבי אבא אומר חובה שנאמר (משלי ט, ח) אל תוכח לץ פן ישנאך הוכח לחכם ויאהבך,וא"ר אילעא משום רבי אלעזר בר' שמעון מותר לו לאדם לשנות בדבר השלום שנאמר (בראשית נ, טז) אביך צוה וגו כה תאמרו ליוסף אנא שא נא וגו',ר' נתן אומר מצוה שנאמר (שמואל א טז, ב) ויאמר שמואל איך אלך ושמע שאול והרגני וגו',דבי רבי ישמעאל תנא גדול השלום שאף הקדוש ברוך הוא שינה בו דמעיקרא כתיב (בראשית יח, יב) ואדוני זקן ולבסוף כתיב ואני זקנתי:,רבי יוחנן בן ברוקה אומר: אתמר רבי יוחנן ור' יהושע בן לוי חד אמר הלכה כרבי יוחנן בן ברוקה וחד אמר אין הלכה כרבי יוחנן בן ברוקה,תסתיים דרבי יוחנן הוא דאמר אין הלכה דיתיב ר' אבהו וקאמר משמיה דרבי יוחנן הלכה ואהדרינהו רבי אמי ורבי אסי לאפייהו,ואיכא דאמרי רבי חייא בר אבא אמר ואהדרינהו רבי אמי ורבי אסי לאפייהו אמר רב פפא בשלמא למאן דאמר רבי אבהו אמרה משום כבוד בי קיסר לא אמרו ליה ולא מידי אלא למאן דאמר רבי חייא בר אבא אמרה לימרו ליה לא אמר רבי יוחנן הכי,מאי הוה עלה ת"ש דאמר ר' אחא בר חנינא אמר ר' אבהו אמר ר' אסי עובדא הוה קמיה דרבי יוחנן בכנישתא דקיסרי ואמר יוציא ויתן כתובה ואי ס"ד לא מפקדה כתובה מאי עבידתה,דלמא בבאה מחמת טענה,כי ההיא דאתאי לקמיה דר' אמי אמרה ליה הב לי כתובה אמר לה זיל לא מיפקדת אמרה ליה מסיבו דילה מאי תיהוי עלה דהך אתתא אמר כי הא ודאי כפינן,ההיא דאתאי לקמיה דרב נחמן אמר לה לא מיפקדת אמרה ליה לא בעיא הך אתתא חוטרא לידה ומרה לקבורה אמר כי הא ודאי כפינן,יהודה וחזקיה תאומים היו אחד נגמרה צורתו לסוף תשעה ואחד נגמרה צורתו לתחלת שבעה יהודית דביתהו דר' חייא הוה לה צער לידה שנאי מנא ואתיא לקמיה דר' חייא ואמרה אתתא מפקדא אפריה ורביה אמר לה לא אזלא אשתיא סמא דעקרתא,לסוף איגלאי מילתא אמר לה איכו ילדת לי חדא כרסא אחריתא דאמר מר יהודה וחזקיה אחי פזי וטוי 65b. The Gemara addresses another case in which the court forces a man to divorce his wife who has not had children after ten years. If bhe said: You miscarried withinthe btenyears of our marriage, and since less than ten years have elapsed since that time he should not have to divorce her, band she said: I did not miscarry, Rabbi Ami said: Even in thiscase bshe is believed, because if it is so that she miscarried shewould bnot establish herself as barrenthrough denying his claim.,If bshe miscarried, andthen bmiscarried again, and miscarried again, she has been established tobe a woman who is prone to bmiscarriages,and her husband must divorce her so that he can have children with another woman. If bhe said she miscarried twice, and she saidit occurred bthreetimes, bRabbi Yitzḥak ben Elazar said: There was an incidentof this kind that was adjudicated in bthe study hall and they saidthat bshe is believed, because if it is so thatshe had bnot miscarrieda third time bshewould bnot establish herselfas one who is prone to bmiscarriages. /b, strongMISHNA: /strong bA man is commanded with regard tothe mitzva to be bfruitful and multiply, but not a woman. Rabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka saysthat a woman is also commanded, as the verse bstates with regard to both of them: “And God blessed them, and God said to them: Be fruitful and multiply”(Genesis 1:28)., strongGEMARA: /strong bFrom where are these mattersderived, that a woman is not obligated in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply? bRabbi Ile’a said in the name of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon: The verse states:“Be fruitful and multiply, band fill the land and conquer it”(Genesis 1:28). bIt is the manner of a man to conquer and it is not the manner of a woman to conquer.Consequently, it is evident that the entire command, including the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply, was given only to men and not to women.,The Gemara raises a difficulty. bOn the contrary,the plural term: b“And conquer it [ ivekhivshuha /i],” indicatesthat the btwoof them are included. bRav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak said: It is writtenin the Torah without the letter ivav /i, so that it can be read: bAnd conquer it [ ivekhivsha /i],in the singular. bRav Yosef said:The proof is bfrom here:“And God said to him: bI am God Almighty, be fruitful and multiply [ iperei urvei /i]”(Genesis 35:11), which is in singular, band it does not state: Be fruitful and multiply [ iperu urvu /i]in the plural.,The Gemara cites other statements made by Rabbi Ile’a in the name of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon. bAnd Rabbi Ile’a said in the name of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon: Just as it is a mitzva for a person to say that which will be heeded, so is it a mitzva for a person not to say that which will not be heeded.One should not rebuke those who will be unreceptive to his message. bRabbi Abba says:It is bobligatoryfor him to refrain from speaking, bas it is stated: “Do not reprove a scorner lest he hate you; reprove a wise man and he will love you”(Proverbs 9:8)., bAnd Rabbi Ile’afurther bsaid in the name of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon: It is permitted for a person to departfrom the truth bin a matterthat will bring bpeace, as it is stated: “Your father commandedbefore he died, saying: bSo you shall say to Joseph: Please pardonyour brothers’ crime, etc.” (Genesis 50:16–17). Jacob never issued this command, but his sons falsely attributed this statement to him in order to preserve peace between them and Joseph., bRabbi Natan says:It is ba mitzvato depart from the truth in order to preserve peace, bas it is stated: “And Samuel said: How can I go, and Saul will hear and kill me”(I Samuel 16:2). God responded in the next verse that Samuel should say he went to sacrifice an offering, indicating that God commands one to lie in order to preserve peace.,It was btaughtin bthe school of Rabbi Yishmael: Great is peace, as even the Holy One, Blessed be He, departedfrom the truth for bit. As, initially it is writtenthat Sarah said of Abraham: b“And my lord is old”(Genesis 18:12), band in the end it is writtenthat God told Abraham that Sarah said: b“And I am old”(Genesis 18:13). God adjusted Sarah’s words in order to spare Abraham hurt feelings that might lead Abraham and Sarah to quarrel.,§ It is taught in the mishna that bRabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka saysthat women are also included in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply. bIt was statedthat two iamora’im /i, bRabbi Yoḥa and Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi,disagreed concerning this matter. bOne saidthat the ihalakhais in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka, and one saidthat the ihalakhais not in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka. /b,The Gemara comments: bConclude that it was Rabbi Yoḥa who saidthat the ihalakhais notin accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka, bas Rabbi Abbahu sat and said in the name of Rabbi Yoḥathat the ihalakha /iis in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka, band Rabbi Ami and Rabbi Asi,who were sitting across from him, bturned their facesas an indication that they disagreed with this report of Rabbi Yoḥa’s opinion, but did not want to explicitly contradict Rabbi Abbahu’s statement out of respect for him., bAnd some saya different version of the incident, that it was bRabbi Ḥiyya bar Abbawho bsaidthis statement, band Rabbi Ami and Rabbi Asi turned their faces. Rav Pappa said: Granted, according to the one who saidthat bRabbi Abbahu said it,it makes sense that bdue to the honor of Caesar’s court,where Rabbi Abbahu maintained close ties, Rabbi Ami and Rabbi Asi bdid not say anything to himand merely hinted at their disagreement. bHowever, according to the one who saidthat bRabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba said it, let them say to him explicitly: Rabbi Yoḥa did not say this.In any event, it is clear that according to Rabbi Ami and Rabbi Asi, Rabbi Yoḥa disagreed with the opinion of Rabbi Yoḥa ben Beroka.,The Gemara asks: bWhatconclusion bwasreached baboutthis issue? The Gemara suggests: bComeand bhear, as Rabbi Aḥa bar Ḥanina saidthat bRabbi Abbahu saidthat bRabbi Asi said: There was an incidentthat came bbefore Rabbi Yoḥa in the synagogue of Caesareainvolving a woman who wanted a divorce from her husband after ten years of childless marriage, band he saidthat the husband bmust divorceher band giveher the payment for her bmarriage contract. If it enters your mindto say bthat she is not commandedto be fruitful and multiply, bwhat ispayment for ba marriage contract doinghere? Why does she have a right to demand to be divorced and to receive the payment for her marriage contract?,The Gemara responds: bPerhapsthat was bina case when bshe cameto demand a divorce bdue toanother bclaim,i.e., she wanted children for a reason other than the fulfillment of the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply. Since this claim has merit, her husband must divorce her and pay her marriage contract.,This is blikethe case of ba certainwoman bwho came before Rabbi Amiand requested a divorce due to her husband’s inability to father children. bShe said to him /b: bGive methe payment for my bmarriage contract. He said to her: Goaway, as byou are not commandedto be fruitful and multiply and have no right to demand a divorce. bShe said to him: In her old age, what will be with this woman,i.e., if I have no children, who will take care of me when I grow old? Rabbi Ami bsaid:In a situation bsuch as this, we certainly forcethe husband to divorce and her and pay her marriage contract.,The Gemara relates a similar incident: bA certainwoman bcame before Rav Naḥmanand requested a divorce due to her husband’s inability to father children. bHe said to her: You are not commandedto be fruitful and multiply. bShe said to him: Does this woman not require a staff for her hand and a hoe forher bburial?In other words, the woman said that she wanted children so that they could care for her in her old age and bury her when she would die. Rav Naḥman bsaid:In a case bsuch as this, we certainly forcethe husband to divorce her.,The Gemara relates that Rabbi Ḥiyya’s sons, bYehuda and Ḥizkiyya, were twins,but boneof them bwas fully developed after ninemonths of pregcy band one was fully developed at the beginning of the seventhmonth, and they were born two months apart. bYehudit, the wife of Rabbi Ḥiyya, hadacute bbirthing painfrom these unusual deliveries. She bchanged her clothesto prevent Rabbi Ḥiyya from recognizing her band came before Rabbi Ḥiyyato ask him a halakhic question. bShe said: Is a woman commandedto be bfruitful and multiply? He said to her: No. She went and drank an infertility potion. /b, bEventually the matter was revealed,and Rabbi Ḥiyya found out about what Yehudit had done. bHe said to her: If only you had given birth to one more belly for me,i.e., another set of twins. bAs the Master said: Yehuda and Ḥizkiyyawere twin bbrothersand became prominent Torah scholars, and bPazi and Tavi,Rabbi Ḥiyya’s daughters
31. Anon., Semahot, 13.8



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
abraham, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
abraham, tobiah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
abraham Gera, Judith (2014) 475; Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
achior, an ammonite Gera, Judith (2014) 200
achior, conversion Gera, Judith (2014) 200
achior, talks to holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 200
achior Gera, Judith (2014) 200
adar (month) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
adelphos, ἀδελφός/ἐξάδελφος, senses of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124
adikia, ἀδικία Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 138
ahiqar Gera, Judith (2014) 200
akkadian, culture and language Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125
angels of the divine presence, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 75
angels of the divine presence, wife of manoach Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
antiochus iv epiphanes Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101
apocrypha Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
aramaic Gera, Judith (2014) 200
aramaic forms of book of tobit, medieval (neubauer) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136
aramaic forms of book of tobit, qumran (4q196-199) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 126, 137, 189
aramaic language, late (neubauer) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136
archetypes, as a source Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
archetypes, as a vorlage, basic text Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105
asmodeus Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
assyria Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
assyrian, (neo-)assyrian age Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125
assyrian, court Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
assyrian, documents Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 137
assyrian, king Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
assyrian chronicles Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
assyrians, court tales Gera, Judith (2014) 200
aḥiqar, as a jewish relative of tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 137
aḥiqar, as an assyrian prime minister Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118
aḥiqar, as an assyrian wise man Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 135, 137, 138, 141
aḥiqar, aḥiqar, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118
aḥiqar, formation, history of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
aḥiqar, literary genre Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
aḥiqar, sources Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 141, 144, 150, 151
aḥiqar, story of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118, 125, 135
aḥiqar, textual forms Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 138, 141, 150, 151
aḥiqar, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75, 124, 126, 144, 148, 150, 151
aḥiqar, versions, akkadian, cuneiform Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125
aḥiqar, versions, arabic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 138
aḥiqar, versions, aramaic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 138, 141, 150, 151
aḥiqar, versions, syriac Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 137, 138, 151
aḥiqar, versions, wisdom (maxims, proverbs) of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118
aḥiqar, ἐκ δευτέρας Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 137
aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 126, 138, 144, 151
babylonia Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
babylonian Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 111, 119
babylonian chronicles Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
biblical women, are mourned Gera, Judith (2014) 475
blindness and healing, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 148
body, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
body, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
body Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
book of judith, message Gera, Judith (2014) 200
burial, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
burial, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
burial of death, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144, 151
burial of death, judaism Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
burial of death, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144, 150, 151
cain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
canaan and canaanites Gera, Judith (2014) 200
cave Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
chaldean Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136
children Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
codex, corbeiensis Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 136
codex, monacensis Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124
codex, reginensis Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124
codex, regius Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 136
codex, sangermanensis Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136
communal laments Gera, Judith (2014) 475
contaminatio Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118
councils and conferences Gera, Judith (2014) 200
court tales Gera, Judith (2014) 200
cure Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
daniel, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
darkness Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 151
death, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 126, 138, 189
death, husbands of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
death, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 151
debate Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
deborah, and judith Gera, Judith (2014) 475
deborah, of judges Gera, Judith (2014) 475
deborah, of l.a.b. Gera, Judith (2014) 475
deborah, rebeccas nurse Gera, Judith (2014) 475
demaratus Gera, Judith (2014) 200
demon, demonology Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144, 148
desecration (second temple) Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101
deselaers, paul Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101
deuteronomistic, deuteronomy, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
di lella, alexander Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 104
diaspora Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101
drama Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
drug, for exorcism, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
ecbatana Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
egypt Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
egyptian, region Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
egyptian Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 111, 148
elam (elymais) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
elephantine, account, papyrus, text, version of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 138, 141
elephantine Gera, Judith (2014) 200
endogamy Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 144
esarhaddon Gera, Judith (2014) 200
esarhaddon (sacherdonos/sarchedonos or archedonassar), enthronement of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
esarhaddon (sacherdonos/sarchedonos or archedonassar) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119, 137, 138
eshphagni Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
exemplum, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 138
exhortation, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148, 151
exhortation, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148, 151
exile, in assyria Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 137
exile, post-exile Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
exiles, babylonian Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 104
eye Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
fabula, motif Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 69, 92, 125, 144, 150
fabula, plot Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 135, 136
fabula, theme Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 75, 92, 94, 105, 111, 125, 141, 144, 150, 151
faith, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 94, 105
faith, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 94, 105, 111
faithfulness, fidelity to the law, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 111
faithfulness, fidelity to the law, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 75, 92
family, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 144
father-son relationship, in aḥiqar (adoptive son) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
father-son relationship, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
fish, heart Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
fish, liver Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
fish Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
fragrances Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
genesis, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 144
gideon Gera, Judith (2014) 475
good works, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 75, 144
grateful dead, the Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
greek forms of book of tobit, intermediate Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 188
greek forms of book of tobit, long Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119, 124, 125, 126, 136, 137, 138, 141, 188, 189
greek forms of book of tobit, short Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118, 119, 124, 125, 126, 136, 137, 138, 188, 189
greek novel, similarities and differences with tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
hades Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 104
halakhah Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101
hannah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 151
heaven, third Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
hebrew forms of book of tobit, fagius, p. Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119, 136
hebrew forms of book of tobit, münster, s. Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119, 136
herodotus Gera, Judith (2014) 200
imaginary, fantastic, in aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
inheritance, ancient near eastern Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 150
inheritance, by women Gera, Judith (2014) 475
inheritance, moral and religious Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
innocent suffering of the just man, in ancient near eastern poems Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 111
innocent suffering of the just man, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 92, 94, 111
innocent suffering of the just man, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 94, 111
intertextual, intertextuality of tobit, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 135, 136
invocation of death, sarah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
invocation of death, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
isaiah, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
israel, ancient Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111, 144
israel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
israelites Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105
iv maccabees, machpelah, cave of Gera, Judith (2014) 475
jacob Gera, Judith (2014) 475
jephthah Gera, Judith (2014) 475
jeremiah, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
jerome Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136
jew Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
jewish, literary genres Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
jewish, tradition Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
job, autobiography Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
job, book of, arabisms Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
job, book of, author Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 94
job, book of, date and place of composition Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
job, book of, epilogue Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94, 105, 111
job, book of, formation, history of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 94
job, book of, frame, narrative Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 94
job, book of, legend, ancient Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
job, book of, literary genre Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94, 111
job, book of, prologue Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94, 105, 111
job, book of, reader Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94, 111
job, book of, rewrites and integrations Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
job, book of, sources Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 92, 111
job, book of, structure and outline Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
job, book of, theodicy Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
job, sons Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
job, story Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 94, 111
jonah, tobiah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 69, 70, 148, 150, 151
jonathan, brother of judas Gera, Judith (2014) 475
joseph, story of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 135
joseph and aseneth Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
joshua Gera, Judith (2014) 475
journey, in aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
journey, in job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
journey, in odyssey Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
journey, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105, 148
judas maccabeusnan, influence on judith Gera, Judith (2014) 475
judges, biblical Gera, Judith (2014) 475
judith, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
judith, death and burial Gera, Judith (2014) 475
judith, property and inheritance Gera, Judith (2014) 475
kēnūtāʾ (syriac), senses of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 151
lamentation, protest, rebellion Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119
latin forms of book of tobit, vetus latina (long) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105, 119, 124, 125, 126, 136, 137, 138, 188, 189
latin forms of book of tobit, vulgate (short) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 105, 119, 126, 136, 188, 189
linen Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
literary genres, fable Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
literary genres, fairytale Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
literary genres, folktale, folk story Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
literary genres, legend Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 105, 111
literary genres, novel or roman/romance Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 111
literary genres, short story Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
manasseh, judiths husband, family tomb Gera, Judith (2014) 475
manasseh, judiths husband, property Gera, Judith (2014) 475
manasses Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 126
manoach Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
marriage, endogamic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
marriage, traditional value Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
media Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148, 150, 151
mesopotamian, region, milieu Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
midrash Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
miriam Gera, Judith (2014) 475
misfortune, sarah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
misfortune, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 75, 119
misfortune Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 75
moses Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101; Gera, Judith (2014) 475
mourning Gera, Judith (2014) 475
mēt miṣwāʾ Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144, 150
nabusemakh, nabûsumiskun Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125
nadin Gera, Judith (2014) 200
nadin (nadab, haman) Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125, 126, 138, 144, 148, 150, 151, 189
narrative, divine and prophane mixed Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, edifying, didactic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7, 69, 75, 92, 94, 111, 148
narrative, fictitious character Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
narrative, folkloristic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
narrative, geographical, topographical Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 92
narrative, happy ending Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, hymnic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, legendary Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 148
narrative, level, critical Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118
narrative, level, editorial Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 136, 148
narrative, level, historical Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 135
narrative, level, linguistic, literary, lexical Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75, 92, 135
narrative, level, narratological Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118, 126, 141
narrative, level, philological Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 135
narrative, level, sexual Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, level, structural, narrative Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94
narrative, love and adventures Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, narrator Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
narrative, philosophical Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 111
narrative, prophetic Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
narrative, reader Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 94, 111
narrative, supernatural Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
narrative, theological Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 111
narrative, wisdom Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
narratological analysis Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 118, 126, 141
nathan Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 125
near east, ancient, literature Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 92, 119, 135
near east, ancient, world Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 141
nephtali Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
nineveh, city of wickedness Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 138
nineveh, locus of deportation Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
nineveh, tobit returns from his escape Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 119, 137
nineveh Gera, Judith (2014) 200
nostos, νόστος, return home, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
nostos, νόστος, return home, odysseus Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69
nostos, νόστος, return home, tobiah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 7
nostos, νόστος, return home, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 137
oil, fragrance, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
oil, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 977
olson, daniel, ophir, gold of Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 68
only child Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 151
original core, tale, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 141
original core, tale, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 105, 119, 135
original core, tale, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 105, 119, 135, 141
original textual form, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 124, 135
pain, suffering, in babylonian and egyptian poems Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 111
pain, suffering, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 92, 94, 105, 111
pain, suffering, sarah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
pain, suffering, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 69, 75, 92, 94, 105, 111
palestine Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
patriarchal, traditions, stories Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92, 144
penchansky, david Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 104
phoenicia Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
pietas, aḥiqar Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
pietas, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
poor Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
prayer, supplication, sarah Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
prayer, supplication, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
prayer Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 101, 104
proverbs, book of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 92
questions Gera, Judith (2014) 200
qumran, extra-biblical texts Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 144
qumran, fragments of tobit ix Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105
rachel Gera, Judith (2014) 475
rages Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 105, 148, 150
raguel Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
raphael, angel Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70, 75
raphael, expert guide Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75, 148
raphael, hired Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 70
raphael, moral role of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75, 148, 150
reproaches Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75
retribution, traditional doctrine Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 75, 92, 94