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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



691
Septuagint, Judith, 11.14


nanThey have sent men to Jerusalem, because even the people living there have been doing this, to bring back to them permission from the senate.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

14 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 10.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

10.3. כִּי מָרְדֳּכַי הַיְּהוּדִי מִשְׁנֶה לַמֶּלֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ וְגָדוֹל לַיְּהוּדִים וְרָצוּי לְרֹב אֶחָיו דֹּרֵשׁ טוֹב לְעַמּוֹ וְדֹבֵר שָׁלוֹם לְכָל־זַרְעוֹ׃ 10.3. For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren; seeking the good of his people and speaking peace to all his seed."
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 24.1, 24.9 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

24.1. וַיִּרְאוּ אֵת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְתַחַת רַגְלָיו כְּמַעֲשֵׂה לִבְנַת הַסַּפִּיר וּכְעֶצֶם הַשָּׁמַיִם לָטֹהַר׃ 24.1. וְאֶל־מֹשֶׁה אָמַר עֲלֵה אֶל־יְהוָה אַתָּה וְאַהֲרֹן נָדָב וַאֲבִיהוּא וְשִׁבְעִים מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתֶם מֵרָחֹק׃ 24.9. וַיַּעַל מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן נָדָב וַאֲבִיהוּא וְשִׁבְעִים מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 24.1. And unto Moses He said: ‘Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off;" 24.9. Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel;"
3. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 8.1, 12.6 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8.1. וַיְהִי בְּצֵאת הַכֹּהֲנִים מִן־הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְהֶעָנָן מָלֵא אֶת־בֵּית יְהוָה׃ 8.1. אָז יַקְהֵל שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־כָּל־רָאשֵׁי הַמַּטּוֹת נְשִׂיאֵי הָאָבוֹת לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה יְרוּשָׁלִָם לְהַעֲלוֹת אֶת־אֲרוֹן בְּרִית־יְהוָה מֵעִיר דָּוִד הִיא צִיּוֹן׃ 12.6. וַיִּוָּעַץ הַמֶּלֶךְ רְחַבְעָם אֶת־הַזְּקֵנִים אֲשֶׁר־הָיוּ עֹמְדִים אֶת־פְּנֵי שְׁלֹמֹה אָבִיו בִּהְיֹתוֹ חַי לֵאמֹר אֵיךְ אַתֶּם נוֹעָצִים לְהָשִׁיב אֶת־הָעָם־הַזֶּה דָּבָר׃ 8.1. Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the princes of the fathers’houses of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covet of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion." 12.6. And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men, that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying: ‘What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?’"
4. Hebrew Bible, Judges, 5.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5.1. וַתָּשַׁר דְּבוֹרָה וּבָרָק בֶּן־אֲבִינֹעַם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא לֵאמֹר׃ 5.1. רֹכְבֵי אֲתֹנוֹת צְחֹרוֹת יֹשְׁבֵי עַל־מִדִּין וְהֹלְכֵי עַל־דֶּרֶךְ שִׂיחוּ׃ 5.1. Then sang Devora and Baraq the son of Avino῾am on that day, saying,"
5. Herodotus, Histories, 7.176, 7.201 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7.176. Artemisium is where the wide Thracian sea contracts until the passage between the island of Sciathus and the mainland of Magnesia is but narrow. This strait leads next to Artemisium, which is a beach on the coast of Euboea, on which stands a temple of Artemis. ,The pass through Trachis into Hellas is fifty feet wide at its narrowest point. It is not here, however, but elsewhere that the way is narrowest, namely, in front of Thermopylae and behind it; at Alpeni, which lies behind, it is only the breadth of a cart-way, and it is the same at the Phoenix stream, near the town of Anthele. ,To the west of Thermopylae rises a high mountain, inaccessible and precipitous, a spur of Oeta; to the east of the road there is nothing but marshes and sea. In this pass are warm springs for bathing, called the Basins by the people of the country, and an altar of Heracles stands nearby. Across this entry a wall had been built, and formerly there was a gate in it. ,It was the Phocians who built it for fear of the Thessalians when these came from Thesprotia to dwell in the Aeolian land, the region which they now possess. Since the Thessalians were trying to subdue them, the Phocians made this their protection, and in their search for every means to keep the Thessalians from invading their country, they then turned the stream from the hot springs into the pass, so that it might be a watercourse. ,The ancient wall had been built long ago and most of it lay in ruins; those who built it up again thought that they would in this way bar the foreigner's way into Hellas. Very near the road is a village called Alpeni, and it is from here that the Greeks expected to obtain provisions. 7.201. King Xerxes lay encamped in Trachis in Malis and the Hellenes in the pass. This place is called Thermopylae by most of the Hellenes, but by the natives and their neighbors Pylae. Each lay encamped in these places. Xerxes was master of everything to the north from Trachis, and the Hellenes of all that lay toward the south on the mainland.
6. Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.6.9-4.6.11 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4.6.9. And when the hoplites and the horsemen left the phalanx and pursued their assailants, they could never do them any harm; for when the Acarians fell back, they were speedily in safe places. Then Agesilaus, thinking it a difficult matter for his troops to go out through the narrow pass under these attacks, decided to pursue the men who were attacking them on the left, very many in number; for the mountain on this side was more accessible both for hoplites and horses. 4.6.10. Now while he was sacrificing, the Acarians pressed them very hard with throwing stones and javelins, and 389 B.C. coming close up to them wounded many. But when he gave the word, the first fifteen year-classes of the hoplites ran forth, the horsemen charged, and he himself with the other troops followed. 4.6.11. Then those among the Acarians who had come down the mountains and were throwing missiles quickly gave way and, as they tried to escape uphill, were killed one after another; on the summit, however, were the hoplites of the Acarians, drawn up in line of battle, and the greater part of the peltasts, and there they stood firm, and not only discharged their other missiles, but by hurling their spears struck down horsemen and killed some horses. But when they were now almost at close quarters with the Lacedaemonian hoplites, they gave way, and there fell on that day about three hundred of them.
7. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 12.6, 14.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

12.6. Jonathan the high priest, the senate of the nation, the priests, and the rest of the Jewish people to their brethren the Spartans, greeting. 14.20. This is a copy of the letter which the Spartans sent: "The rulers and the city of the Spartans to Simon the high priest and to the elders and the priests and the rest of the Jewish people, our brethren, greeting.
8. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 1.10, 4.44, 11.27, 13.13, 14.33 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.10. Those in Jerusalem and those in Judea and the senate and Judas,To Aristobulus, who is of the family of the anointed priests, teacher of Ptolemy the king, and to the Jews in Egypt,Greeting, and good health.' 4.44. When the king came to Tyre, three men sent by the senate presented the case before him.' 11.27. To the nation the king's letter was as follows:'King Antiochus to the senate of the Jews and to the other Jews, greeting.' 13.13. After consulting privately with the elders, he determined to march out and decide the matter by the help of God before the king's army could enter Judea and get possession of the city.' 14.33. he stretched out his right hand toward the sanctuary, and swore this oath: 'If you do not hand Judas over to me as a prisoner, I will level this precinct of God to the ground and tear down the altar, and I will build here a splendid temple to Dionysus.'
9. Septuagint, Judith, 2.1, 4.1-4.3, 4.8, 4.14, 5.5-5.21, 6.16, 8.10, 10.1-10.11, 10.13-10.14, 10.18-10.19, 10.21-10.23, 11.9, 11.11, 11.13, 11.16-11.17, 11.19, 12.1-12.4, 12.7-12.10, 12.15-12.20, 13.1-13.10, 13.12, 13.18-13.20, 14.7, 15.8 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

2.1. In the eighteenth year, on the twenty-second day of the first month, there was talk in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar king of the Assyrians about carrying out his revenge on the whole region, just as he said. 4.1. By this time the people of Israel living in Judea heard of everything that Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar the king of the Assyrians, had done to the nations, and how he had plundered and destroyed all their temples; 4.2. they were therefore very greatly terrified at his approach, and were alarmed both for Jerusalem and for the temple of the Lord their God. 4.3. For they had only recently returned from the captivity, and all the people of Judea were newly gathered together, and the sacred vessels and the altar and the temple had been consecrated after their profanation. 4.8. So the Israelites did as Joakim the high priest and the senate of the whole people of Israel, in session at Jerusalem, had given order. 4.14. And Joakim the high priest and all the priests who stood before the Lord and ministered to the Lord, with their loins girded with sackcloth, offered the continual burnt offerings and the vows and freewill offerings of the people. 5.5. Then Achior, the leader of all the Ammonites, said to him, "Let my lord now hear a word from the mouth of your servant, and I will tell you the truth about this people that dwells in the nearby mountain district. No falsehood shall come from your servant's mouth. 5.6. This people is descended from the Chaldeans. 5.7. At one time they lived in Mesopotamia, because they would not follow the gods of their fathers who were in Chaldea. 5.8. For they had left the ways of their ancestors, and they worshiped the God of heaven, the God they had come to know; hence they drove them out from the presence of their gods; and they fled to Mesopotamia, and lived there for a long time. 5.9. Then their God commanded them to leave the place where they were living and go to the land of Canaan. There they settled, and prospered, with much gold and silver and very many cattle. 5.10. When a famine spread over Canaan they went down to Egypt and lived there as long as they had food; and there they became a great multitude -- so great that they could not be counted. 5.11. So the king of Egypt became hostile to them; he took advantage of them and set them to making bricks, and humbled them and made slaves of them. 5.12. Then they cried out to their God, and he afflicted the whole land of Egypt with incurable plagues; and so the Egyptians drove them out of their sight. 5.13. Then God dried up the Red Sea before them 5.14. and he led them by the way of Sinai and Kadesh-barnea, and drove out all the people of the wilderness. 5.15. So they lived in the land of the Amorites, and by their might destroyed all the inhabitants of Heshbon; and crossing over the Jordan they took possession of all the hill country. 5.16. And they drove out before them the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Jebusites and the Shechemites and all the Gergesites, and lived there a long time. 5.17. As long as they did not sin against their God they prospered, for the God who hates iniquity is with them. 5.18. But when they departed from the way which he had appointed for them, they were utterly defeated in many battles and were led away captive to a foreign country; the temple of their God was razed to the ground, and their cities were captured by their enemies. 5.19. But now they have returned to their God, and have come back from the places to which they were scattered, and have occupied Jerusalem, where their sanctuary is, and have settled in the hill country, because it was uninhabited. 5.20. Now therefore, my master and lord, if there is any unwitting error in this people and they sin against their God and we find out their offense, then we will go up and defeat them. 5.21. But if there is no transgression in their nation, then let my lord pass them by; for their Lord will defend them, and their God will protect them, and we shall be put to shame before the whole world. 6.16. They called together all the elders of the city, and all their young men and their women ran to the assembly; and they set Achior in the midst of all their people, and Uzziah asked him what had happened. 8.10. she sent her maid, who was in charge of all she possessed, to summon Chabris and Charmis, the elders of her city. 10.1. When Judith had ceased crying out to the God of Israel, and had ended all these words 10.2. she rose from where she lay prostrate and called her maid and went down into the house where she lived on sabbaths and on her feast days; 10.3. and she removed the sackcloth which she had been wearing, and took off her widow's garments, and bathed her body with water, and anointed herself with precious ointment, and combed her hair and put on a tiara, and arrayed herself in her gayest apparel, which she used to wear while her husband Manasseh was living. 10.4. And she put sandals on her feet, and put on her anklets and bracelets and rings, and her earrings and all her ornaments, and made herself very beautiful, to entice the eyes of all men who might see her. 10.5. And she gave her maid a bottle of wine and a flask of oil, and filled a bag with parched grain and a cake of dried fruit and fine bread; and she wrapped up all her vessels and gave them to her to carry. 10.6. Then they went out to the city gate of Bethulia, and found Uzziah standing there with the elders of the city, Chabris and Charmis. 10.7. When they saw her, and noted how her face was altered and her clothing changed, they greatly admired her beauty, and said to her 10.8. May the God of our fathers grant you favor and fulfil your plans, that the people of Israel may glory and Jerusalem may be exalted." And she worshiped God. 10.9. Then she said to them, "Order the gate of the city to be opened for me, and I will go out and accomplish the things about which you spoke with me." So they ordered the young men to open the gate for her, as she had said. 10.10. When they had done this, Judith went out, she and her maid with her; and the men of the city watched her until she had gone down the mountain and passed through the valley and they could no longer see her. 10.11. The women went straight on through the valley; and an Assyrian patrol met her 10.13. I am on my way to the presence of Holofernes the commander of your army, to give him a true report; and I will show him a way by which he can go and capture all the hill country without losing one of his men, captured or slain. 10.14. When the men heard her words, and observed her face -- she was in their eyes marvelously beautiful -- they said to her 10.18. There was great excitement in the whole camp, for her arrival was reported from tent to tent, and they came and stood around her as she waited outside the tent of Holofernes while they told him about her. 10.19. And they marveled at her beauty, and admired the Israelites, judging them by her, and every one said to his neighbor, "Who can despise these people, who have women like this among them? Surely not a man of them had better be left alive, for if we let them go they will be able to ensnare the whole world! 10.21. Holofernes was resting on his bed, under a canopy which was woven with purple and gold and emeralds and precious stones. 10.22. When they told him of her he came forward to the front of the tent, with silver lamps carried before him. 10.23. And when Judith came into the presence of Holofernes and his servants, they all marveled at the beauty of her face; and she prostrated herself and made obeisance to him, and his slaves raised her up. 11.9. Now as for the things Achior said in your council, we have heard his words, for the men of Bethulia spared him and he told them all he had said to you. 11.11. And now, in order that my lord may not be defeated and his purpose frustrated, death will fall upon them, for a sin has overtaken them by which they are about to provoke their God to anger when they do what is wrong. 11.13. They have decided to consume the first fruits of the grain and the tithes of the wine and oil, which they had consecrated and set aside for the priests who minister in the presence of our God at Jerusalem -- although it is not lawful for any of the people so much as to touch these things with their hands. 11.16. Therefore, when I, your servant, learned all this, I fled from them; and God has sent me to accomplish with you things that will astonish the whole world, as many as shall hear about them. 11.17. For your servant is religious, and serves the God of heaven day and night; therefore, my lord, I will remain with you, and every night your servant will go out into the valley, and I will pray to God and he will tell me when they have committed their sins. 11.19. Then I will lead you through the middle of Judea, till you come to Jerusalem; and I will set your throne in the midst of it; and you will lead them like sheep that have no shepherd, and not a dog will so much as open its mouth to growl at you. For this has been told me, by my foreknowledge; it was announced to me, and I was sent to tell you. 12.1. Then he commanded them to bring her in where his silver dishes were kept, and ordered them to set a table for her with some of his own food and to serve her with his own wine. 12.2. But Judith said, "I cannot eat it, lest it be an offense; but I will be provided from the things I have brought with me. 12.3. Holofernes said to her, "If your supply runs out, where can we get more like it for you? For none of your people is here with us. 12.4. Judith replied, "As your soul lives, my lord, your servant will not use up the things I have with me before the Lord carries out by my hand what he has determined to do. 12.7. So Holofernes commanded his guards not to hinder her. And she remained in the camp for three days, and went out each night to the valley of Bethulia, and bathed at the spring in the camp. 12.8. When she came up from the spring she prayed the Lord God of Israel to direct her way for the raising up of her people. 12.9. So she returned clean and stayed in the tent until she ate her food toward evening. 12.10. On the fourth day Holofernes held a banquet for his slave only, and did not invite any of his officers. 12.15. So she got up and arrayed herself in all her woman's finery, and her maid went and spread on the ground for her before Holofernes the soft fleeces which she had received from Bagoas for her daily use, so that she might recline on them when she ate. 12.16. Then Judith came in and lay down, and Holofernes' heart was ravished with her and he was moved with great desire to possess her; for he had been waiting for an opportunity to deceive her, ever since the day he first saw her. 12.17. So Holofernes said to her. "Drink now, and be merry with us! 12.18. Judith said, "I will drink now, my lord, because my life means more to me today than in all the days since I was born. 12.19. Then she took and ate and drank before him what her maid had prepared. 12.20. And Holofernes was greatly pleased with her, and drank a great quantity of wine, much more than he had ever drunk in any one day since he was born. 13.1. When evening came, his slaves quickly withdrew, and Bagoas closed the tent from outside and shut out the attendants from his master's presence; and they went to bed, for they all were weary because the banquet had lasted long. 13.2. So Judith was left alone in the tent, with Holofernes stretched out on his bed, for he was overcome with wine. 13.3. Now Judith had told her maid to stand outside the bedchamber and to wait for her to come out, as she did every day; for she said she would be going out for her prayers. And she had said the same thing to Bagoas. 13.4. So every one went out, and no one, either small or great, was left in the bedchamber. Then Judith, standing beside his bed, said in her heart, "O Lord God of all might, look in this hour upon the work of my hands for the exaltation of Jerusalem. 13.5. For now is the time to help thy inheritance, and to carry out my undertaking for the destruction of the enemies who have risen up against us. 13.6. She went up to the post at the end of the bed, above Holofernes' head, and took down his sword that hung there. 13.7. She came close to his bed and took hold of the hair of his head, and said, "Give me strength this day, O Lord God of Israel! 13.8. And she struck his neck twice with all her might, and severed it from his body. 13.9. Then she tumbled his body off the bed and pulled down the canopy from the posts; after a moment she went out, and gave Holofernes' head to her maid 13.10. who placed it in her food bag. Then the two of them went out together, as they were accustomed to go for prayer; and they passed through the camp and circled around the valley and went up the mountain to Bethulia and came to its gates. 13.12. When the men of her city heard her voice, they hurried down to the city gate and called together the elders of the city. 13.18. And Uzziah said to her, "O daughter, you are blessed by the Most High God above all women on earth; and blessed be the Lord God, who created the heavens and the earth, who has guided you to strike the head of the leader of our enemies. 13.19. Your hope will never depart from the hearts of men, as they remember the power of God. 13.20. May God grant this to be a perpetual honor to you, and may he visit you with blessings, because you did not spare your own life when our nation was brought low, but have avenged our ruin, walking in the straight path before our God." And all the people said, "So be it, so be it! 14.7. And when they raised him up he fell at Judith's feet, and knelt before her, and said, "Blessed are you in every tent of Judah! In every nation those who hear your name will be alarmed. 15.8. Then Joakim the high priest, and the senate of the people of Israel who lived at Jerusalem, came to witness the good things which the Lord had done for Israel, and to see Judith and to greet her.
10. Septuagint, 3 Maccabees, 1.8 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.8. Since the Jews had sent some of their council and elders to greet him, to bring him gifts of welcome, and to congratulate him on what had happened, he was all the more eager to visit them as soon as possible.
11. Philo of Alexandria, Against Flaccus, 74 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

74. for he arrested thirty-eight members of our council of elders, which our saviour and benefactor, Augustus, elected to manage the affairs of the Jewish nation after the death of the king of our own nation, having sent written commands to that effect to Manius Maximus when he was about to take upon himself for the second time the government of Egypt and of the country, he arrested them, I say, in their own houses, and commanded them to be thrown into prison, and arranged a splendid procession to send through the middle of the market-place a body of old men prisoners, with their hands bound, some with thongs and others with iron chains, whom he led in this plight into the theatre, a most miserable spectacle, and one wholly unsuited to the times.
12. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 11.327, 12.138-12.144, 16.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.327. whereupon God warned him in a dream, which came upon him after he had offered sacrifice, that he should take courage, and adorn the city, and open the gates; that the rest should appear in white garments, but that he and the priests should meet the king in the habits proper to their order, without the dread of any ill consequences, which the providence of God would prevent. 12.138. “King Antiochus To Ptolemy, Sendeth Greeting. /p“Since the Jews, upon our first entrance on their country, demonstrated their friendship towards us, and when we came to their city [Jerusalem], received us in a splendid manner, and came to meet us with their senate, and gave abundance of provisions to our soldiers, and to the elephants, and joined with us in ejecting the garrison of the Egyptians that were in the citadel 12.139. we have thought fit to reward them, and to retrieve the condition of their city, which hath been greatly depopulated by such accidents as have befallen its inhabitants, and to bring those that have been scattered abroad back to the city. 12.141. And these payments I would have fully paid them, as I have sent orders to you. I would also have the work about the temple finished, and the cloisters, and if there be any thing else that ought to be rebuilt. And for the materials of wood, let it be brought them out of Judea itself and out of the other countries, and out of Libanus tax free; and the same I would have observed as to those other materials which will be necessary, in order to render the temple more glorious; 12.142. and let all of that nation live according to the laws of their own country; and let the senate, and the priests, and the scribes of the temple, and the sacred singers, be discharged from poll-money and the crown tax and other taxes also. 12.143. And that the city may the sooner recover its inhabitants, I grant a discharge from taxes for three years to its present inhabitants, and to such as shall come to it, until the month Hyperberetus. 12.144. We also discharge them for the future from a third part of their taxes, that the losses they have sustained may be repaired. And all those citizens that have been carried away, and are become slaves, we grant them and their children their freedom, and give order that their substance be restored to them.” 16.14. He also conducted him to the city Jerusalem, where all the people met him in their festival garments, and received him with acclamations. Agrippa also offered a hecatomb of sacrifices to God; and feasted the people, without omitting any of the greatest dainties that could be gotten. 16.14. Now when a great multitude was come to that city to see the shows, as well as the ambassadors whom other people sent, on account of the benefits they had received from Herod, he entertained them all in the public inns, and at public tables, and with perpetual feasts; this solemnity having in the day time the diversions of the fights, and in the night time such merry meetings as cost vast sums of money, and publicly demonstrated the generosity of his soul;
13. New Testament, Acts, 5.21 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.21. When they heard this, they entered into the temple about daybreak, and taught. But the high priest came, and those who were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought.
14. Anon., Letter of Aristeas, 310

310. After the books had been read, the priests and the elders of the translators and the Jewish community and the leaders of the people stood up and said, that since so excellent and sacred and accurate a translation had been made, it was only right that it should remain as it was and no


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aaron Gera, Judith (2014) 51
abigail Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 51, 371
abraham Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 320
achior, an ammonite Gera, Judith (2014) 105
achior, and judith Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 199, 216
achior, conversion Gera, Judith (2014) 199
achior, manhandled Gera, Judith (2014) 199
achior, talks to holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 178, 199, 216
achior, theology Gera, Judith (2014) 216, 371
achior Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199, 216
ahasuerus Gera, Judith (2014) 199
amnon Gera, Judith (2014) 51
animals, fish, and birds, fast/ mourn/ in sackcloth Gera, Judith (2014) 47
animals, fish, and birds Gera, Judith (2014) 48
anti-lebanon Gera, Judith (2014) 124
antiochus, iii Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
antiochus, iv Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
army, assyrian, officers Gera, Judith (2014) 216
arphaxad, king of medes Gera, Judith (2014) 124
assyrians, court talesnan Gera, Judith (2014) 216
babylon and babylonians Gera, Judith (2014) 124
bagoas Gera, Judith (2014) 47
balaam Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199
barak Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 320, 440
bathsheba Gera, Judith (2014) 51
bethulia, army of Gera, Judith (2014) 178
bethulia, people of Gera, Judith (2014) 440
biblical women, approach and advise men Gera, Judith (2014) 371
biblical women, lie and deceive Gera, Judith (2014) 320
biblical women, save lives Gera, Judith (2014) 320
biblical women, seductive Gera, Judith (2014) 103
biblical women, wise Gera, Judith (2014) 51
blessings Gera, Judith (2014) 440
book of judith, author Gera, Judith (2014) 105
book of judith, biblical influences Gera, Judith (2014) 320
book of judith, chronology Gera, Judith (2014) 440
book of judith, geography and movement Gera, Judith (2014) 124
book of judith, message Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 105, 108
book of judith, translations and versions Gera, Judith (2014) 440
booty and plundering Gera, Judith (2014) 440
canaan and canaanites Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 199
children, at assemblies Gera, Judith (2014) 47
children, in joel and jonah Gera, Judith (2014) 47
cilicia Gera, Judith (2014) 124
circumcision Gera, Judith (2014) 199
coastal cities and people, submissive Gera, Judith (2014) 199
coastal cities and people Gera, Judith (2014) 124
councils and conferences Gera, Judith (2014) 199, 216
cozbi Gera, Judith (2014) 103
creation Gera, Judith (2014) 108
crush/ shatter enemy Gera, Judith (2014) 108, 320
crying out Gera, Judith (2014) 47
cyrus the great Gera, Judith (2014) 124
damascus Gera, Judith (2014) 124
daniel, book, mt Gera, Judith (2014) 199
daniel, influence on judith Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 51
darius of daniel Gera, Judith (2014) 199
david, and abigail Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 371
david, and goliath Gera, Judith (2014) 51
deborah, and judith Gera, Judith (2014) 48
deborah, of judges Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 51, 320, 440
delilah Gera, Judith (2014) 103
demaratus Gera, Judith (2014) 178
deuternomistic theology Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 108, 216
diet Gera, Judith (2014) 371
earth, entire Gera, Judith (2014) 47
eglon Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 51, 320
egypt and egyptians Gera, Judith (2014) 178
ehud Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 320
elders of israel Gera, Judith (2014) 178, 440
esther, in lxx / additions Gera, Judith (2014) 320
esther, in mt Gera, Judith (2014) 51
fasting Gera, Judith (2014) 47
femme fatale Gera, Judith (2014) 103
five-day moratorium Gera, Judith (2014) 371
food Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 103, 371
gender roles Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 105, 108, 320
gentiles Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 105, 199, 371
god, anger of Gera, Judith (2014) 371
god, defends and shields Gera, Judith (2014) 216
god, might Gera, Judith (2014) 108, 199
god, shatters/crushes foes Gera, Judith (2014) 108, 320
god, unique Gera, Judith (2014) 108
god Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 108, 320
gold, statue Gera, Judith (2014) 48
goliath Gera, Judith (2014) 51
hagar Gera, Judith (2014) 51
haman Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199
hand, of a woman Gera, Judith (2014) 320
hannah Gera, Judith (2014) 371
hasmoneans, sects Gera, Judith (2014) 105
heavens, and earth Gera, Judith (2014) 108
herodotus Gera, Judith (2014) 178
highlands, mountains, and hills Gera, Judith (2014) 124
holophernes, admires judith Gera, Judith (2014) 103
holophernes, death and decapitation Gera, Judith (2014) 48
holophernes, discovery of body Gera, Judith (2014) 47
holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 371
huldah Gera, Judith (2014) 51
humbling oneself Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 216
israelites, celebrate Gera, Judith (2014) 440
israelites, prayers and blessings Gera, Judith (2014) 178
israelites Gera, Judith (2014) 178
jael, and judith Gera, Judith (2014) 48
jael, of judges Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 51
jerusalem Gera, Judith (2014) 178, 440
jethro Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199
joakim of judith, and elders Gera, Judith (2014) 178, 440
joakim of judith, celebrates victory Gera, Judith (2014) 178, 440
joakim of judith, military commander Gera, Judith (2014) 178
joakim of judith Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 178
job Gera, Judith (2014) 51
joseph Gera, Judith (2014) 103
judah Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 103
judea/judah Gera, Judith (2014) 178
judith, and god Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 105, 108
judith, beautiful and seductive Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 440
judith, chastises elders Gera, Judith (2014) 105
judith, complex character Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 105, 108
judith, deceives and lies Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 216, 320
judith, eloquence and irony Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 371
judith, moral stature Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 103
judith, piety and asceticism Gera, Judith (2014) 103
judith, prayers Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 108, 320
judith, sent by god? Gera, Judith (2014) 108
judith, wisdom Gera, Judith (2014) 105, 108
kosher food Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 371
language and style, book of judith, elegant style Gera, Judith (2014) 440
language and style, book of judith, genitive absolute Gera, Judith (2014) 178
language and style, book of judith, imperatives Gera, Judith (2014) 216
language and style, book of judith, key words and internal echoes Gera, Judith (2014) 320, 371
language and style, book of judith, septuagint influence Gera, Judith (2014) 178
language and style, book of judith, wordplay Gera, Judith (2014) 108, 216
lebanon Gera, Judith (2014) 124
lord, and lord Gera, Judith (2014) 108, 216, 371
lot, daughers of Gera, Judith (2014) 103
manuscript corrections, interpolations and revisions Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
medes and media Gera, Judith (2014) 124
mediterranean sea Gera, Judith (2014) 124
midian(ites) Gera, Judith (2014) 103
miriam Gera, Judith (2014) 51
moses, and judith Gera, Judith (2014) 51
naaman Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199
naomi Gera, Judith (2014) 51
nations, languages, tribes Gera, Judith (2014) 48
nebuchadnezzar, biblical Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 124, 199
nebuchadnezzar of judith, as rival of god Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 48
nebuchadnezzar of judith Gera, Judith (2014) 124
nineveh Gera, Judith (2014) 199
oaths Gera, Judith (2014) 371
palestine Gera, Judith (2014) 178
peaceful attitudes Gera, Judith (2014) 199, 440
penitence and sins Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 108, 178, 216
persia Gera, Judith (2014) 124
phoenicians Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
poetry in judith, and biblical poetry Gera, Judith (2014) 48
poetry in judith, parallels prose account Gera, Judith (2014) 48
potiphars wife Gera, Judith (2014) 103
prayers and praying, in post-biblical literature Gera, Judith (2014) 320
prayers and praying Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 320
priests, consecrated food Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 178
priests Gera, Judith (2014) 178
ptolemy, seleucid governor Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
purity Gera, Judith (2014) 103
questions Gera, Judith (2014) 47, 199, 371
rahab Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 199
rebecca Gera, Judith (2014) 51
rizpah Gera, Judith (2014) 51
ruth Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 103
sack, judiths food Gera, Judith (2014) 103
sackcloth Gera, Judith (2014) 47
sacrifices Gera, Judith (2014) 440
samson Gera, Judith (2014) 103
sarah, abrahams wife Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 320
saul Gera, Judith (2014) 51
seleucid monarchy Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
seleucids, privileges granted jews' Bickerman and Tropper, Studies in Jewish and Christian History (2007) 319
self-proclaimed Gera, Judith (2014) 47
sennacherib Gera, Judith (2014) 216
servants, biblical Gera, Judith (2014) 47
sexual encounters Gera, Judith (2014) 103
shiphrah and puah Gera, Judith (2014) 51
sisera, of judges Gera, Judith (2014) 48
song of deborah Gera, Judith (2014) 48
song of the sea Gera, Judith (2014) 320
spies in canaan Gera, Judith (2014) 47
statues Gera, Judith (2014) 48
syria Gera, Judith (2014) 124
syriac Gera, Judith (2014) 440
tamar, amnons sister Gera, Judith (2014) 51
tamar, judahs daughter in law Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 103
temple Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 150
temple in jerusalem Gera, Judith (2014) 440
tents, holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 48
testing and trials Gera, Judith (2014) 105
thanksgiving, song and prayers Gera, Judith (2014) 440
thermopylae Gera, Judith (2014) 178
thutmose iii Gera, Judith (2014) 178
uzziah, admires/blesses judith Gera, Judith (2014) 103, 440
uzziah, weak Gera, Judith (2014) 51
uzziah Gera, Judith (2014) 51
victory celebrations Gera, Judith (2014) 178, 440
victory song, judiths Gera, Judith (2014) 48, 440
vulgate judith Gera, Judith (2014) 440
water shortage Gera, Judith (2014) 47
weapons Gera, Judith (2014) 48
woman of abel beth-maacah Gera, Judith (2014) 51
woman of tekoa Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 371
woman of thebez Gera, Judith (2014) 51
women of proverbs, lady wisdom Gera, Judith (2014) 51
women of proverbs, strange woman Gera, Judith (2014) 51, 103
zimri Gera, Judith (2014) 103