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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



673
Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 9.15-9.16


nanLet your conversation be with men of understanding,and let all your discussion be about the law of the Most High.


nanLet righteous men be your dinner companions,and let your glorying be in the fear of the Lord.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

35 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 4.18 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.18. Seek advice from every wise man, and do not despise any useful counsel.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 4.6, 4.10, 5.18, 6.24-6.25, 7.9, 16.20, 17.12, 18.20, 22.22, 28.67, 29.5, 31.13, 32.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.6. וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם וַעֲשִׂיתֶם כִּי הִוא חָכְמַתְכֶם וּבִינַתְכֶם לְעֵינֵי הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁמְעוּן אֵת כָּל־הַחֻקִּים הָאֵלֶּה וְאָמְרוּ רַק עַם־חָכָם וְנָבוֹן הַגּוֹי הַגָּדוֹל הַזֶּה׃ 5.18. וְלֹא תַחְמֹד אֵשֶׁת רֵעֶךָ וְלֹא תִתְאַוֶּה בֵּית רֵעֶךָ שָׂדֵהוּ וְעַבְדּוֹ וַאֲמָתוֹ שׁוֹרוֹ וַחֲמֹרוֹ וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לְרֵעֶךָ׃ 6.24. וַיְצַוֵּנוּ יְהוָה לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת־כָּל־הַחֻקִּים הָאֵלֶּה לְיִרְאָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ לְטוֹב לָנוּ כָּל־הַיָּמִים לְחַיֹּתֵנוּ כְּהַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃ 6.25. וּצְדָקָה תִּהְיֶה־לָּנוּ כִּי־נִשְׁמֹר לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת־כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה הַזֹּאת לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּנוּ׃ 7.9. וְיָדַעְתָּ כִּי־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים הָאֵל הַנֶּאֱמָן שֹׁמֵר הַבְּרִית וְהַחֶסֶד לְאֹהֲבָיו וּלְשֹׁמְרֵי מצותו [מִצְוֺתָיו] לְאֶלֶף דּוֹר׃ 17.12. וְהָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲשֶׂה בְזָדוֹן לְבִלְתִּי שְׁמֹעַ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן הָעֹמֵד לְשָׁרֶת שָׁם אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אוֹ אֶל־הַשֹּׁפֵט וּמֵת הָאִישׁ הַהוּא וּבִעַרְתָּ הָרָע מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל׃ 22.22. כִּי־יִמָּצֵא אִישׁ שֹׁכֵב עִם־אִשָּׁה בְעֻלַת־בַּעַל וּמֵתוּ גַּם־שְׁנֵיהֶם הָאִישׁ הַשֹּׁכֵב עִם־הָאִשָּׁה וְהָאִשָּׁה וּבִעַרְתָּ הָרָע מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל׃ 28.67. בַּבֹּקֶר תֹּאמַר מִי־יִתֵּן עֶרֶב וּבָעֶרֶב תֹּאמַר מִי־יִתֵּן בֹּקֶר מִפַּחַד לְבָבְךָ אֲשֶׁר תִּפְחָד וּמִמַּרְאֵה עֵינֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר תִּרְאֶה׃ 29.5. לֶחֶם לֹא אֲכַלְתֶּם וְיַיִן וְשֵׁכָר לֹא שְׁתִיתֶם לְמַעַן תֵּדְעוּ כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם׃ 31.13. וּבְנֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדְעוּ יִשְׁמְעוּ וְלָמְדוּ לְיִרְאָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם כָּל־הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם חַיִּים עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם עֹבְרִים אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 32.4. כִּי־אֶשָּׂא אֶל־שָׁמַיִם יָדִי וְאָמַרְתִּי חַי אָנֹכִי לְעֹלָם׃ 32.4. הַצּוּר תָּמִים פָּעֳלוֹ כִּי כָל־דְּרָכָיו מִשְׁפָּט אֵל אֱמוּנָה וְאֵין עָוֶל צַדִּיק וְיָשָׁר הוּא׃ 4.6. Observe therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, that, when they hear all these statutes, shall say: ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’" 4.10. the day that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me: ‘Assemble Me the people, and I will make them hear My words that they may learn to fear Me all the days that they live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children.’" 5.18. Neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour’s wife; neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour’s house, his field, or his man-servant, or his maid-servant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour’s." 6.24. And the LORD commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that He might preserve us alive, as it is at this day." 6.25. And it shall be righteousness unto us, if we observe to do all this commandment before the LORD our God, as He hath commanded us.’" 7.9. Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God; the faithful God, who keepeth covet and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations;" 16.20. Justice, justice shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee." 17.12. And the man that doeth presumptuously, in not hearkening unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die; and thou shalt exterminate the evil from Israel." 18.20. But the prophet, that shall speak a word presumptuously in My name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’" 22.22. If a man be found lying with a woman married to a husband, then they shall both of them die, the man that lay with the woman, and the woman; so shalt thou put away the evil from Israel." 28.67. In the morning thou shalt say: ‘Would it were even! ’ and at even thou shalt say: ‘Would it were morning! ’ for the fear of thy heart which thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see." 29.5. Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye drunk wine or strong drink; that ye might know that I am the LORD your God." 31.13. and that their children, who have not known, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over the Jordan to possess it.’" 32.4. The Rock, His work is perfect; For all His ways are justice; A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is He. ."
3. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 9.16-9.32 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.16. וּשְׁאָר הַיְּהוּדִים אֲשֶׁר בִּמְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ נִקְהֲלוּ וְעָמֹד עַל־נַפְשָׁם וְנוֹחַ מֵאֹיְבֵיהֶם וְהָרֹג בְּשֹׂנְאֵיהֶם חֲמִשָּׁה וְשִׁבְעִים אָלֶף וּבַבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת־יָדָם׃ 9.17. בְּיוֹם־שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר לְחֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר וְנוֹחַ בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר בּוֹ וְעָשֹׂה אֹתוֹ יוֹם מִשְׁתֶּה וְשִׂמְחָה׃ 9.18. והיהודיים [וְהַיְּהוּדִים] אֲשֶׁר־בְּשׁוּשָׁן נִקְהֲלוּ בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר בּוֹ וּבְאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר בּוֹ וְנוֹחַ בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר בּוֹ וְעָשֹׂה אֹתוֹ יוֹם מִשְׁתֶּה וְשִׂמְחָה׃ 9.19. עַל־כֵּן הַיְּהוּדִים הפרוזים [הַפְּרָזִים] הַיֹּשְׁבִים בְּעָרֵי הַפְּרָזוֹת עֹשִׂים אֵת יוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר לְחֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר שִׂמְחָה וּמִשְׁתֶּה וְיוֹם טוֹב וּמִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ׃ 9.21. לְקַיֵּם עֲלֵיהֶם לִהְיוֹת עֹשִׂים אֵת יוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר לְחֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר וְאֵת יוֹם־חֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר בּוֹ בְּכָל־שָׁנָה וְשָׁנָה׃ 9.22. כַּיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר־נָחוּ בָהֶם הַיְּהוּדִים מֵאוֹיְבֵיהֶם וְהַחֹדֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר נֶהְפַּךְ לָהֶם מִיָּגוֹן לְשִׂמְחָה וּמֵאֵבֶל לְיוֹם טוֹב לַעֲשׂוֹת אוֹתָם יְמֵי מִשְׁתֶּה וְשִׂמְחָה וּמִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ וּמַתָּנוֹת לָאֶבְיוֹנִים׃ 9.23. וְקִבֵּל הַיְּהוּדִים אֵת אֲשֶׁר־הֵחֵלּוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת וְאֵת אֲשֶׁר־כָּתַב מָרְדֳּכַי אֲלֵיהֶם׃ 9.24. כִּי הָמָן בֶּן־הַמְּדָתָא הָאֲגָגִי צֹרֵר כָּל־הַיְּהוּדִים חָשַׁב עַל־הַיְּהוּדִים לְאַבְּדָם וְהִפִּיל פּוּר הוּא הַגּוֹרָל לְהֻמָּם וּלְאַבְּדָם׃ 9.25. וּבְבֹאָהּ לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ אָמַר עִם־הַסֵּפֶר יָשׁוּב מַחֲשַׁבְתּוֹ הָרָעָה אֲשֶׁר־חָשַׁב עַל־הַיְּהוּדִים עַל־רֹאשׁוֹ וְתָלוּ אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־בָּנָיו עַל־הָעֵץ׃ 9.26. עַל־כֵּן קָרְאוּ לַיָּמִים הָאֵלֶּה פוּרִים עַל־שֵׁם הַפּוּר עַל־כֵּן עַל־כָּל־דִּבְרֵי הָאִגֶּרֶת הַזֹּאת וּמָה־רָאוּ עַל־כָּכָה וּמָה הִגִּיעַ אֲלֵיהֶם׃ 9.27. קִיְּמוּ וקבל [וְקִבְּלוּ] הַיְּהוּדִים עֲלֵיהֶם וְעַל־זַרְעָם וְעַל כָּל־הַנִּלְוִים עֲלֵיהֶם וְלֹא יַעֲבוֹר לִהְיוֹת עֹשִׂים אֵת שְׁנֵי הַיָּמִים הָאֵלֶּה כִּכְתָבָם וְכִזְמַנָּם בְּכָל־שָׁנָה וְשָׁנָה׃ 9.28. וְהַיָּמִים הָאֵלֶּה נִזְכָּרִים וְנַעֲשִׂים בְּכָל־דּוֹר וָדוֹר מִשְׁפָּחָה וּמִשְׁפָּחָה מְדִינָה וּמְדִינָה וְעִיר וָעִיר וִימֵי הַפּוּרִים הָאֵלֶּה לֹא יַעַבְרוּ מִתּוֹךְ הַיְּהוּדִים וְזִכְרָם לֹא־יָסוּף מִזַּרְעָם׃ 9.29. וַתִּכְתֹּב אֶסְתֵּר הַמַּלְכָּה בַת־אֲבִיחַיִל וּמָרְדֳּכַי הַיְּהוּדִי אֶת־כָּל־תֹּקֶף לְקַיֵּם אֵת אִגֶּרֶת הַפּוּרִים הַזֹּאת הַשֵּׁנִית׃ 9.31. לְקַיֵּם אֵת־יְמֵי הַפֻּרִים הָאֵלֶּה בִּזְמַנֵּיהֶם כַּאֲשֶׁר קִיַּם עֲלֵיהֶם מָרְדֳּכַי הַיְּהוּדִי וְאֶסְתֵּר הַמַּלְכָּה וְכַאֲשֶׁר קִיְּמוּ עַל־נַפְשָׁם וְעַל־זַרְעָם דִּבְרֵי הַצֹּמוֹת וְזַעֲקָתָם׃ 9.32. וּמַאֲמַר אֶסְתֵּר קִיַּם דִּבְרֵי הַפֻּרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְנִכְתָּב בַּסֵּפֶר׃ 9.16. And the other Jews that were in the king’s provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of them that hated them seventy and five thousand—but on the spoil they laid not their hand—. 9.17. on the thirteenth day of the month Adar, and on the fourteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness." 9.18. But the Jews that were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness and they ate." 9.19. Therefore do the Jews of the villages, that dwell in the unwalled towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another." 9.20. And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far," 9.21. to enjoin them that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly," 9.22. the days wherein the Jews had rest from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to gladness, and from mourning into a good day; that they should make them days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor." 9.23. And the Jews took upon them to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them;" 9.24. because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast pur, that is, the lot, to discomfit them, and to destroy them;" 9.25. but when ashe came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he had devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head; and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows." 9.26. Wherefore they called these days Purim, after the name of pur. Therefore because of all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and that which had come unto them," 9.27. the Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to the writing thereof, and according to the appointed time thereof, every year;" 9.28. and that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed." 9.29. Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote down all the acts of power, to confirm this second letter of Purim." 9.30. And he sent letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth," 9.31. to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry." 9.32. And the commandment of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book."
4. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 20.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

20.14. לֹא תַחְמֹד בֵּית רֵעֶךָ לֹא־תַחְמֹד אֵשֶׁת רֵעֶךָ וְעַבְדּוֹ וַאֲמָתוֹ וְשׁוֹרוֹ וַחֲמֹרוֹ וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לְרֵעֶךָ׃ 20.14. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s."
5. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 2.17, 14.18, 17.9-17.14, 22.1, 41.33, 41.39 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.17. וּמֵעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע לֹא תֹאכַל מִמֶּנּוּ כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְךָ מִמֶּנּוּ מוֹת תָּמוּת׃ 14.18. וּמַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק מֶלֶךְ שָׁלֵם הוֹצִיא לֶחֶם וָיָיִן וְהוּא כֹהֵן לְאֵל עֶלְיוֹן׃ 17.9. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־אַבְרָהָם וְאַתָּה אֶת־בְּרִיתִי תִשְׁמֹר אַתָּה וְזַרְעֲךָ אַחֲרֶיךָ לְדֹרֹתָם׃ 17.11. וּנְמַלְתֶּם אֵת בְּשַׂר עָרְלַתְכֶם וְהָיָה לְאוֹת בְּרִית בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיכֶם׃ 17.12. וּבֶן־שְׁמֹנַת יָמִים יִמּוֹל לָכֶם כָּל־זָכָר לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם יְלִיד בָּיִת וּמִקְנַת־כֶּסֶף מִכֹּל בֶּן־נֵכָר אֲשֶׁר לֹא מִזַּרְעֲךָ הוּא׃ 17.13. הִמּוֹל יִמּוֹל יְלִיד בֵּיתְךָ וּמִקְנַת כַּסְפֶּךָ וְהָיְתָה בְרִיתִי בִּבְשַׂרְכֶם לִבְרִית עוֹלָם׃ 17.14. וְעָרֵל זָכָר אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יִמּוֹל אֶת־בְּשַׂר עָרְלָתוֹ וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מֵעַמֶּיהָ אֶת־בְּרִיתִי הֵפַר׃ 22.1. וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְהָאֱלֹהִים נִסָּה אֶת־אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי׃ 22.1. וַיִּשְׁלַח אַבְרָהָם אֶת־יָדוֹ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־הַמַּאֲכֶלֶת לִשְׁחֹט אֶת־בְּנוֹ׃ 41.33. וְעַתָּה יֵרֶא פַרְעֹה אִישׁ נָבוֹן וְחָכָם וִישִׁיתֵהוּ עַל־אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃ 41.39. וַיֹּאמֶר פַּרְעֹה אֶל־יוֹסֵף אַחֲרֵי הוֹדִיעַ אֱלֹהִים אוֹתְךָ אֶת־כָּל־זֹאת אֵין־נָבוֹן וְחָכָם כָּמוֹךָ׃ 2.17. but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.’" 14.18. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was priest of God the Most High." 17.9. And God said unto Abraham: ‘And as for thee, thou shalt keep My covet, thou, and thy seed after thee throughout their generations." 17.10. This is My covet, which ye shall keep, between Me and you and thy seed after thee: every male among you shall be circumcised." 17.11. And ye shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of a covet betwixt Me and you." 17.12. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any foreigner, that is not of thy seed." 17.13. He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised; and My covet shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covet." 17.14. And the uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken My covet.’" 22.1. And it came to pass after these things, that God did prove Abraham, and said unto him: ‘Abraham’; and he said: ‘Here am I.’" 41.33. Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt." 41.39. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph: ‘Forasmuch as God hath shown thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou."
6. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 14.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

14.10. Whoso is wise, let him understand these things, Whoso is prudent, let him know them. For the ways of the LORD are right, And the just do walk in them; But transgressors do stumble therein."
7. Hebrew Bible, Job, 3.25, 32.9, 32.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.25. כִּי פַחַד פָּחַדְתִּי וַיֶּאֱתָיֵנִי וַאֲשֶׁר יָגֹרְתִּי יָבֹא לִי׃ 32.9. לֹא־רַבִּים יֶחְכָּמוּ וּזְקֵנִים יָבִינוּ מִשְׁפָּט׃ 32.19. הִנֵּה־בִטְנִי כְּיַיִן לֹא־יִפָּתֵחַ כְּאֹבוֹת חֲדָשִׁים יִבָּקֵעַ׃ 3.25. For the thing which I did fear is come upon me, And that which I was afraid of hath overtaken me." 32.9. It is not the great that are wise, Nor the aged that discern judgment." 32.19. Behold, mine inwards are as wine which hath no vent; Like new wine-skins which are ready to burst."
8. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 19.17-19.18, 20.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.17. לֹא־תִשְׂנָא אֶת־אָחִיךָ בִּלְבָבֶךָ הוֹכֵחַ תּוֹכִיחַ אֶת־עֲמִיתֶךָ וְלֹא־תִשָּׂא עָלָיו חֵטְא׃ 19.18. לֹא־תִקֹּם וְלֹא־תִטֹּר אֶת־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 19.17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart; thou shalt surely rebuke thy neighbour, and not bear sin because of him." 19.18. Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD." 20.10. And the man that committeth adultery with another man’s wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour’s wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death."
9. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 12.7 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

12.7. לֹא־כֵן עַבְדִּי מֹשֶׁה בְּכָל־בֵּיתִי נֶאֱמָן הוּא׃ 12.7. My servant Moses is not so; he is trusted in all My house;"
10. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 1.5, 1.8, 3.21-3.28, 3.32, 3.34, 4.4-4.5, 4.7, 4.17, 6.20, 8.13, 8.18, 9.5, 9.9, 11.13, 13.14, 13.20, 16.5, 16.14, 16.21, 17.28, 18.15, 19.8, 20.6, 20.19, 25.9, 27.1, 31.30 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.5. יִשְׁמַע חָכָם וְיוֹסֶף לֶקַח וְנָבוֹן תַּחְבֻּלוֹת יִקְנֶה׃ 1.8. שְׁמַע בְּנִי מוּסַר אָבִיךָ וְאַל־תִּטֹּשׁ תּוֹרַת אִמֶּךָ׃ 3.21. בְּנִי אַל־יָלֻזוּ מֵעֵינֶיךָ נְצֹר תֻּשִׁיָּה וּמְזִמָּה׃ 3.22. וְיִהְיוּ חַיִּים לְנַפְשֶׁךָ וְחֵן לְגַרְגְּרֹתֶיךָ׃ 3.23. אָז תֵּלֵךְ לָבֶטַח דַּרְכֶּךָ וְרַגְלְךָ לֹא תִגּוֹף׃ 3.24. אִם־תִּשְׁכַּב לֹא־תִפְחָד וְשָׁכַבְתָּ וְעָרְבָה שְׁנָתֶךָ׃ 3.25. אַל־תִּירָא מִפַּחַד פִּתְאֹם וּמִשֹּׁאַת רְשָׁעִים כִּי תָבֹא׃ 3.26. כִּי־יְהוָה יִהְיֶה בְכִסְלֶךָ וְשָׁמַר רַגְלְךָ מִלָּכֶד׃ 3.27. אַל־תִּמְנַע־טוֹב מִבְּעָלָיו בִּהְיוֹת לְאֵל ידיך [יָדְךָ] לַעֲשׂוֹת׃ 3.28. אַל־תֹּאמַר לרעיך [לְרֵעֲךָ ] לֵךְ וָשׁוּב וּמָחָר אֶתֵּן וְיֵשׁ אִתָּךְ׃ 3.32. כִּי תוֹעֲבַת יְהוָה נָלוֹז וְאֶת־יְשָׁרִים סוֹדוֹ׃ 3.34. אִם־לַלֵּצִים הוּא־יָלִיץ ולעניים [וְלַעֲנָוִים] יִתֶּן־חֵן׃ 4.4. וַיֹּרֵנִי וַיֹּאמֶר לִי יִתְמָךְ־דְּבָרַי לִבֶּךָ שְׁמֹר מִצְוֺתַי וֶחְיֵה׃ 4.5. קְנֵה חָכְמָה קְנֵה בִינָה אַל־תִּשְׁכַּח וְאַל־תֵּט מֵאִמְרֵי־פִי׃ 4.7. רֵאשִׁית חָכְמָה קְנֵה חָכְמָה וּבְכָל־קִנְיָנְךָ קְנֵה בִינָה׃ 4.17. כִּי לָחֲמוּ לֶחֶם רֶשַׁע וְיֵין חֲמָסִים יִשְׁתּוּ׃ 8.13. יִרְאַת יְהוָה שְׂנֹאת רָע גֵּאָה וְגָאוֹן וְדֶרֶךְ רָע וּפִי תַהְפֻּכוֹת שָׂנֵאתִי׃ 8.18. עֹשֶׁר־וְכָבוֹד אִתִּי הוֹן עָתֵק וּצְדָקָה׃ 9.5. לְכוּ לַחֲמוּ בְלַחֲמִי וּשְׁתוּ בְּיַיִן מָסָכְתִּי׃ 9.9. תֵּן לְחָכָם וְיֶחְכַּם־עוֹד הוֹדַע לְצַדִּיק וְיוֹסֶף לֶקַח׃ 11.13. הוֹלֵךְ רָכִיל מְגַלֶּה־סּוֹד וְנֶאֱמַן־רוּחַ מְכַסֶּה דָבָר׃ 13.14. תּוֹרַת חָכָם מְקוֹר חַיִּים לָסוּר מִמֹּקְשֵׁי מָוֶת׃ 16.5. תּוֹעֲבַת יְהוָה כָּל־גְּבַהּ־לֵב יָד לְיָד לֹא יִנָּקֶה׃ 16.14. חֲמַת־מֶלֶךְ מַלְאֲכֵי־מָוֶת וְאִישׁ חָכָם יְכַפְּרֶנָּה׃ 16.21. לַחֲכַם־לֵב יִקָּרֵא נָבוֹן וּמֶתֶק שְׂפָתַיִם יֹסִיף לֶקַח׃ 17.28. גַּם אֱוִיל מַחֲרִישׁ חָכָם יֵחָשֵׁב אֹטֵם שְׂפָתָיו נָבוֹן׃ 18.15. לֵב נָבוֹן יִקְנֶה־דָּעַת וְאֹזֶן חֲכָמִים תְּבַקֶּשׁ־דָּעַת׃ 19.8. קֹנֶה־לֵּב אֹהֵב נַפְשׁוֹ שֹׁמֵר תְּבוּנָה לִמְצֹא־טוֹב׃ 20.6. רָב־אָדָם יִקְרָא אִישׁ חַסְדּוֹ וְאִישׁ אֱמוּנִים מִי יִמְצָא׃ 20.19. גּוֹלֶה־סּוֹד הוֹלֵךְ רָכִיל וּלְפֹתֶה שְׂפָתָיו לֹא תִתְעָרָב׃ 25.9. רִיבְךָ רִיב אֶת־רֵעֶךָ וְסוֹד אַחֵר אַל־תְּגָל׃ 27.1. רֵעֲךָ ורעה [וְרֵעַ] אָבִיךָ אַל־תַּעֲזֹב וּבֵית אָחִיךָ אַל־תָּבוֹא בְּיוֹם אֵידֶךָ טוֹב שָׁכֵן קָרוֹב מֵאָח רָחוֹק׃ 27.1. אַל־תִּתְהַלֵּל בְּיוֹם מָחָר כִּי לֹא־תֵדַע מַה־יֵּלֶד יוֹם׃ 1.5. That the wise man may hear, and increase in learning, And the man of understanding may attain unto wise counsels;" 1.8. Hear, my son, the instruction of thy father, And forsake not the teaching of thy mother;" 3.21. My son, let not them depart from thine eyes; Keep sound wisdom and discretion;" 3.22. So shall they be life unto thy soul, And grace to thy neck." 3.23. Then shalt thou walk in thy way securely, And thou shalt not dash thy foot." 3.24. When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid; Yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet." 3.25. Be not afraid of sudden terror, Neither of the destruction of the wicked, when it cometh;" 3.26. For the LORD will be thy confidence, And will keep thy foot from being caught." 3.27. Withhold not good from him to whom it is due, When it is in the power of thy hand to do it. 3.28. Say not unto thy neighbour: ‘Go, and come again, And to-morrow I will give’; when thou hast it by thee." 3.32. For the perverse is an abomination to the LORD; But His counsel is with the upright." 3.34. If it concerneth the scorners, He scorneth them, But unto the humble He giveth grace." 4.4. And he taught me, and said unto me: ‘Let thy heart hold fast my words, Keep my commandments, and live;" 4.5. Get wisdom, get understanding; Forget not, neither decline from the words of my mouth;" 4.7. The beginning of wisdom is: Get wisdom; Yea, with all thy getting get understanding." 4.17. For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence." 6.20. My son, keep the commandment of thy father, And forsake not the teaching of thy mother;" 8.13. The fear of the LORD is to hate evil; Pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, And the froward mouth, do I hate." 8.18. Riches and honour are with me; Yea, enduring riches and righteousness." 9.5. 'Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled." 9.9. Give to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser; teach a righteous man, and he will increase in learning." 11.13. He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets; But he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth a matter." 13.14. The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, To depart from the snares of death." 13.20. He that walketh with wise men shall be wise; But the companion of fools shall smart for it." 16.5. Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; My hand upon it! he shall not be unpunished." 16.14. The wrath of a king is as messengers of death; But a wise man will pacify it." 16.21. The wise in heart is called a man of discernment; And the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning." 17.28. Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise; And he that shutteth his lips is esteemed as a man of understanding." 18.15. The heart of the prudent getteth knowledge; And the ear of the wise seeketh knowledge." 19.8. He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul; He that keepeth understanding shall find good." 20.6. Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness; but a faithful man who can find?" 20.19. He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets; therefore meddle not with him that openeth wide his lips." 25.9. Debate thy cause with thy neighbour, but reveal not the secret of another;" 27.1. Boast not thyself of to- morrow; For thou knowest not what a day may bring forth." 31.30. Grace is deceitful, and beauty is vain; But a woman that feareth the LORD, she shall be praised."
11. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 15.2, 15.4, 37.7, 112.1, 119.63 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

15.2. הוֹלֵךְ תָּמִים וּפֹעֵל צֶדֶק וְדֹבֵר אֱמֶת בִּלְבָבוֹ׃ 15.4. נִבְזֶה בְּעֵינָיו נִמְאָס וְאֶת־יִרְאֵי יְהוָה יְכַבֵּד נִשְׁבַּע לְהָרַע וְלֹא יָמִר׃ 37.7. דּוֹם לַיהוָה וְהִתְחוֹלֵל לוֹ אַל־תִּתְחַר בְּמַצְלִיחַ דַּרְכּוֹ בְּאִישׁ עֹשֶׂה מְזִמּוֹת׃ 112.1. רָשָׁע יִרְאֶה וְכָעָס שִׁנָּיו יַחֲרֹק וְנָמָס תַּאֲוַת רְשָׁעִים תֹּאבֵד׃ 112.1. הַלְלוּ יָהּ אַשְׁרֵי־אִישׁ יָרֵא אֶת־יְהוָה בְּמִצְוֺתָיו חָפֵץ מְאֹד׃ 119.63. חָבֵר אָנִי לְכָל־אֲשֶׁר יְרֵאוּךָ וּלְשֹׁמְרֵי פִּקּוּדֶיךָ׃ 15.2. He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, And speaketh truth in his heart;" 15.4. In whose eyes a vile person is despised, But he honoureth them that fear the LORD; He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not;" 37.7. Resign thyself unto the LORD, and wait patiently for Him; fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass." 112.1. Hallelujah. Happy is the man that feareth the LORD, That delighteth greatly in His commandments." 119.63. I am a companion of all them that fear Thee, and of them that observe Thy precepts."
12. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 3.12 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.12. הִנֵּה עָשִׂיתִי כִּדְבָרֶיךָ הִנֵּה נָתַתִּי לְךָ לֵב חָכָם וְנָבוֹן אֲשֶׁר כָּמוֹךָ לֹא־הָיָה לְפָנֶיךָ וְאַחֲרֶיךָ לֹא־יָקוּם כָּמוֹךָ׃ 3.12. behold, I have done according to thy word: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there hath been none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee."
13. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 16.20, 25.18 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

25.18. וַתְּמַהֵר אבוגיל [אֲבִיגַיִל] וַתִּקַּח מָאתַיִם לֶחֶם וּשְׁנַיִם נִבְלֵי־יַיִן וְחָמֵשׁ צֹאן עשוות [עֲשׂוּיֹת] וְחָמֵשׁ סְאִים קָלִי וּמֵאָה צִמֻּקִים וּמָאתַיִם דְּבֵלִים וַתָּשֶׂם עַל־הַחֲמֹרִים׃ 16.20. And Yishay took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Sha᾽ul." 25.18. Then Avigayil made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready prepared, and five measures of parched corn, and a hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses."
14. Hebrew Bible, Habakkuk, 2.4 (8th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)

2.4. הִנֵּה עֻפְּלָה לֹא־יָשְׁרָה נַפְשׁוֹ בּוֹ וְצַדִּיק בֶּאֱמוּנָתוֹ יִחְיֶה׃ 2.4. Behold, his soul is puffed up, it is not upright in him; But the righteous shall live by his faith."
15. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 5.12, 24.17, 41.8, 66.14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5.12. וְהָיָה כִנּוֹר וָנֶבֶל תֹּף וְחָלִיל וָיַיִן מִשְׁתֵּיהֶם וְאֵת פֹּעַל יְהוָה לֹא יַבִּיטוּ וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדָיו לֹא רָאוּ׃ 24.17. פַּחַד וָפַחַת וָפָח עָלֶיךָ יוֹשֵׁב הָאָרֶץ׃ 41.8. וְאַתָּה יִשְׂרָאֵל עַבְדִּי יַעֲקֹב אֲשֶׁר בְּחַרְתִּיךָ זֶרַע אַבְרָהָם אֹהֲבִי׃ 66.14. וּרְאִיתֶם וְשָׂשׂ לִבְּכֶם וְעַצְמוֹתֵיכֶם כַּדֶּשֶׁא תִפְרַחְנָה וְנוֹדְעָה יַד־יְהוָה אֶת־עֲבָדָיו וְזָעַם אֶת־אֹיְבָיו׃ 5.12. And the harp and the psaltery, the tabret and the pipe, And wine, are in their feasts; But they regard not the work of the LORD, Neither have they considered the operation of His hands." 24.17. Terror, and the pit, and the trap, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth." 41.8. But thou, Israel, My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, The seed of Abraham My friend;" 66.14. And when ye see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like young grass; and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward His servants, and He will have indignation against His enemies."
16. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 48.43 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

48.43. פַּחַד וָפַחַת וָפָח עָלֶיךָ יוֹשֵׁב מוֹאָב נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 48.43. Terror, and the pit, and the trap, Are upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, Saith the LORD."
17. Theognis, Elegies, 4, 3 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

18. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 20.7 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

20.7. הֲלֹא אַתָּה אֱלֹהֵינוּ הוֹרַשְׁתָּ אֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת מִלִּפְנֵי עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַתִּתְּנָהּ לְזֶרַע אַבְרָהָם אֹהַבְךָ לְעוֹלָם׃ 20.7. Didst not Thou, O our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before Thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham Thy friend for ever?"
19. Hebrew Bible, Ecclesiastes, 7.19, 7.26, 9.7, 9.10-9.12, 11.2, 11.5 (5th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

7.19. הַחָכְמָה תָּעֹז לֶחָכָם מֵעֲשָׂרָה שַׁלִּיטִים אֲשֶׁר הָיוּ בָּעִיר׃ 7.26. וּמוֹצֶא אֲנִי מַר מִמָּוֶת אֶת־הָאִשָּׁה אֲשֶׁר־הִיא מְצוֹדִים וַחֲרָמִים לִבָּהּ אֲסוּרִים יָדֶיהָ טוֹב לִפְנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים יִמָּלֵט מִמֶּנָּה וְחוֹטֵא יִלָּכֶד בָּהּ׃ 9.7. לֵךְ אֱכֹל בְּשִׂמְחָה לַחְמֶךָ וּשֲׁתֵה בְלֶב־טוֹב יֵינֶךָ כִּי כְבָר רָצָה הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־מַעֲשֶׂיךָ׃ 9.11. שַׁבְתִּי וְרָאֹה תַחַת־הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ כִּי לֹא לַקַּלִּים הַמֵּרוֹץ וְלֹא לַגִּבּוֹרִים הַמִּלְחָמָה וְגַם לֹא לַחֲכָמִים לֶחֶם וְגַם לֹא לַנְּבֹנִים עֹשֶׁר וְגַם לֹא לַיֹּדְעִים חֵן כִּי־עֵת וָפֶגַע יִקְרֶה אֶת־כֻּלָּם׃ 9.12. כִּי גַּם לֹא־יֵדַע הָאָדָם אֶת־עִתּוֹ כַּדָּגִים שֶׁנֶּאֱחָזִים בִּמְצוֹדָה רָעָה וְכַצִּפֳּרִים הָאֲחֻזוֹת בַּפָּח כָּהֵם יוּקָשִׁים בְּנֵי הָאָדָם לְעֵת רָעָה כְּשֶׁתִּפּוֹל עֲלֵיהֶם פִּתְאֹם׃ 11.2. תֶּן־חֵלֶק לְשִׁבְעָה וְגַם לִשְׁמוֹנָה כִּי לֹא תֵדַע מַה־יִּהְיֶה רָעָה עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃ 11.5. כַּאֲשֶׁר אֵינְךָ יוֹדֵעַ מַה־דֶּרֶךְ הָרוּחַ כַּעֲצָמִים בְּבֶטֶן הַמְּלֵאָה כָּכָה לֹא תֵדַע אֶת־מַעֲשֵׂה הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה אֶת־הַכֹּל׃ 7.19. Wisdom is a stronghold to the wise man more than ten rulers that are in a city." 7.26. and I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands; whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her." 9.7. Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, And drink thy wine with a merry heart; For God hath already accepted thy works." 9.10. Whatsoever thy hand attaineth to do by thy strength, that do; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest." 9.11. I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all." 9.12. For man also knoweth not his time; as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare, even so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them." 11.2. Divide a portion into seven, yea, even into eight; For thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth." 11.5. As thou knowest not what is the way of the wind, Nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child; Even so thou knowest not the work of God Who doeth all things."
20. Xenophon, The Education of Cyrus, 8.7.13 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

8.7.13. As for you, Cambyses, you must also know His words of counsel—(1) to Cambyses; that it is not this golden sceptre that maintains your empire; but faithful friends are a monarch’s truest and surest sceptre. But do not think that man is naturally faithful; else all men would find the same persons faithful, just as all find the other properties of nature the same. But every one must create for himself faithfulness in his friends; and the winning of such friends comes in no wise by compulsion, but by kindness.
21. Septuagint, Tobit, 4.18 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.18. Seek advice from every wise man, and do not despise any useful counsel.
22. Anon., 1 Enoch, 82.3 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

82.3. And those who understand it shall not sleep, But shall listen with the ear that they may learn this wisdom, And it shall please those that eat thereof better than good food.
23. Anon., Jubilees, 17.18 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

17.18. and his mother took him a wife from among the daughters of Egypt. brAnd she bare him a son, and he called his name Nebaioth; for she said, "The Lord was nigh to me when I called upon him.
24. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 12.2-12.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

12.2. וְרַבִּים מִיְּשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַת־עָפָר יָקִיצוּ אֵלֶּה לְחַיֵּי עוֹלָם וְאֵלֶּה לַחֲרָפוֹת לְדִרְאוֹן עוֹלָם׃ 12.3. וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יַזְהִרוּ כְּזֹהַר הָרָקִיעַ וּמַצְדִּיקֵי הָרַבִּים כַּכּוֹכָבִים לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד׃ 12.4. וְאַתָּה דָנִיֵּאל סְתֹם הַדְּבָרִים וַחֲתֹם הַסֵּפֶר עַד־עֵת קֵץ יְשֹׁטְטוּ רַבִּים וְתִרְבֶּה הַדָּעַת׃ 12.2. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to reproaches and everlasting abhorrence." 12.3. And they that are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn the many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever." 12.4. But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.’"
25. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 2.52, 8.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.52. Was not Abraham found faithful when tested, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness? 8.17. So Judas chose Eupolemus the son of John, son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome to establish friendship and alliance
26. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 4.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.11. He set aside the existing royal concessions to the Jews, secured through John the father of Eupolemus, who went on the mission to establish friendship and alliance with the Romans; and he destroyed the lawful ways of living and introduced new customs contrary to the law.'
27. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.11, 1.15, 1.26, 1.27, 3.21, 3.22, 3.29, 3.30, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16, 6.18, 6.19, 6.20, 6.21, 6.22, 6.23, 6.24, 6.25, 6.26, 6.27, 6.28, 6.29, 6.30, 6.31, 6.32, 6.33, 6.34, 6.35, 6.36, 6.37, 7.3, 7.7, 7.8, 7.10, 7.14, 7.15, 7.16, 7.17, 7.18, 7.24, 7.25, 7.27, 7.28, 7.29, 7.30, 7.31, 7.32, 7.34, 8.1, 8.2, 8.5, 8.9, 8.13, 8.18, 8.19, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 9.9, 9.10, 9.11, 9.12, 9.13, 9.14, 9.16, 9.17, 9.18, 10, 10.12, 10.13, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16, 10.17, 10.18, 10.19, 10.22, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9, 11.10, 11.12, 11.14, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 11.21, 11.22, 11.24, 11.25, 11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12, 12.14, 12.16, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.6, 13.7, 13.9, 13.10, 13.11, 13.12, 13.13, 13.15, 13.16, 13.17, 13.18, 13.19, 13.20, 13.21, 13.22, 13.23, 14.3, 14.5, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.16, 14.17, 14.20, 14.20-15.10, 15.3, 15.7, 16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4, 18.1, 18.3, 19.13, 19.14, 19.15, 19.16, 19.17, 19.20, 21.11, 22.22, 22.23, 23.23, 23.27, 24.1, 24.2, 24.3, 24.4, 24.5, 24.6, 24.7, 24.8, 24.9, 24.10, 24.11, 24.12, 24.13, 24.14, 24.15, 24.16, 24.17, 24.18, 24.19, 24.20, 24.21, 24.22, 24.23, 24.24, 24.25, 24.26, 24.27, 24.28, 24.29, 24.30, 24.31, 24.32, 24.33, 24.34, 25.5, 25.6, 25.7, 25.8, 25.9, 25.10, 25.11, 26.29, 27.6, 27.16, 27.17, 27.18, 27.21, 28.6, 28.7, 31.5, 31.6, 31.7, 31.12, 31.12-32.13, 31.19, 31.23, 31.24, 31.27, 31.30, 32.2, 32.3, 32.4, 32.5, 32.6, 32.7, 32.8, 33, 33.3, 33.20, 33.21, 34.9, 34.10, 34.11, 34.12, 34.13, 35.10, 36.1, 36.2, 36.3, 36.4, 36.5, 36.6, 36.7, 36.8, 36.9, 36.10, 36.11, 36.12, 36.13, 36.14, 36.15, 36.16, 36.17, 36.18, 36.19, 36.20, 36.21, 36.22, 37.4, 37.12, 38.12, 38.24, 38.24-39.11, 38.25, 38.31, 38.32, 38.33, 38.34, 39.1, 39.2, 39.3, 39.4, 39.5, 39.6, 39.7, 39.8, 39.9, 39.10, 39.11, 39.16, 39.17, 39.18, 39.19, 39.20, 39.21, 39.22, 39.23, 39.24, 39.25, 39.26, 39.27, 39.28, 39.29, 39.30, 39.31, 39.32, 39.33, 39.34, 39.35, 40.17, 40.18, 40.19, 40.20, 40.23, 40.24, 40.25, 40.26, 40.27, 41.3, 41.4, 41.8, 41.14, 41.22, 42.1, 42.2, 42.3, 42.12, 42.15-43.33, 42.21, 44.20, 45.4, 49.4, 49.9 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.1. All wisdom comes from the Lord and is with him for ever. 1.1. The fear of the Lord delights the heart,and gives gladness and joy and long life.
28. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 9.14-9.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

9.14. For the reasoning of mortals is worthless,and our designs are likely to fail 9.15. for a perishable body weighs down the soul,and this earthy tent burdens the thoughtful mind. 9.16. We can hardly guess at what is on earth,and what is at hand we find with labor;but who has traced out what is in the heavens?
29. Septuagint, 3 Maccabees, 6.35-6.36 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.35. But the Jews, when they had arranged the aforementioned choral group, as we have said before, passed the time in feasting to the accompaniment of joyous thanksgiving and psalms. 6.36. And when they had ordained a public rite for these things in their whole community and for their descendants, they instituted the observance of the aforesaid days as a festival, not for drinking and gluttony, but because of the deliverance that had come to them through God.
30. Philo of Alexandria, On The Contemplative Life, 76-78, 75 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

75. These, then, are the first circumstances of the feast; but after the guests have sat down to the table in the order which I have been describing, and when those who minister to them are all standing around in order, ready to wait upon them, and when there is nothing to drink, some one will say ... but even more so than before, so that no one ventures to mutter, or even to breathe at all hard, and then some one looks out some passage in the sacred scriptures, or explains some difficulty which is proposed by some one else, without any thoughts of display on his own part, for he is not aiming at reputation for cleverness and eloquence, but is only desirous to see some points more accurately, and is content when he has thus seen them himself not to bear ill will to others, who, even if they did not perceive the truth with equal acuteness, have at all events an equal desire of learning.
31. Anon., 2 Baruch, 38.2, 51.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

32. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.207 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.207. It does not give leave to conceal any thing from our friends, because that is not true friendship which will not commit all things to their fidelity: it also forbids the revelation of secrets even though an enmity arise between them. If any judge takes bribes, his punishment is death: he that overlooks one that offers him a petition, and this when he is able to relieve him, he is a guilty person.
33. Mishnah, Avot, 1.4, 1.6, 1.10 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.4. Yose ben Yoezer (a man) of Zeredah and Yose ben Yoha [a man] of Jerusalem received [the oral tradition] from them [i.e. Shimon the Righteous and Antigonus]. Yose ben Yoezer used to say: let thy house be a house of meeting for the Sages and sit in the very dust of their feet, and drink in their words with thirst." 1.6. Joshua ben Perahiah and Nittai the Arbelite received [the oral tradition] from them. Joshua ben Perahiah used to say: appoint for thyself a teacher, and acquire for thyself a companion and judge all men with the scale weighted in his favor." 1.10. Shemaiah and Abtalion received [the oral tradition] from them. Shemaiah used to say: love work, hate acting the superior, and do not attempt to draw near to the ruling authority."
34. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 15.33 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.33. Don't be deceived! "Evil companionships corrupt good morals.
35. New Testament, James, 2.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.23. and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness;" and he was called the friend of God.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abigail Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21
abraham Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 50, 57, 107, 172
acrostic, nonalphabetic Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 84, 92, 113, 114, 126
acrostic Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 18, 113
advisors Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57
afterlife Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 102, 103
alliteration Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 90, 91, 124
almsgiving Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 112
animal imagery Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 108
antiochus iii Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 105, 111
antithesis Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 89, 90, 96, 106, 124, 126
aqedah Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 50
assonance Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 124
banquets Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 22, 97, 98, 112
brothers/sisters Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 50, 217
caution Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 105
chain of transmission Tropper, Simeon the Righteous in Rabbinic Literature: A Legend Reinvented (2013) 66
chiasm Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 89, 90, 91
children Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 101, 110
courts, royal Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57, 111, 217
covenant Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 95, 172
creation Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 18, 23
david Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 4, 95, 107
death Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 25, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 111
decalogue Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 113, 217
deuteronomic theology Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57, 100, 217
didactic poem Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 22, 113
enemies Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 50, 99
envy Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 86, 88, 90, 94, 99, 100, 101, 103
evil Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 94, 99, 100, 101, 103, 107, 108, 112
faithfulness Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 50, 57, 95, 114, 217
fear of god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 10, 17, 18, 25, 85, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 98, 101, 103, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 217
financial imagery Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 110
fool Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 109
foreigners Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 108, 114
gerousia Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104, 105
giving Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 100, 112
god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 10, 17, 18, 25, 50, 57, 85, 88, 89, 91, 92, 93, 94, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 172, 217
good Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10, 23, 104, 112, 113, 217
great assembly Tropper, Simeon the Righteous in Rabbinic Literature: A Legend Reinvented (2013) 66
heart Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98, 104, 108, 110, 112
hellenism/hellenization Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 96, 98, 104, 105, 114
helping friends Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 99, 124
hidden/revealed Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 436
high priest Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104, 105
historical setting Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2
honor Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 93, 95
humility Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57
hunting Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 108
hymn of praise Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 22
inclusio Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 84, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 113, 126
israel/israelite Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 50, 57, 96, 97, 100, 102, 112, 172, 217
jerusalem Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104, 105, 111, 114
jews Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 111
jonathan Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 95, 107
judas maccabeus Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 105
judges Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 100
justice Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 83, 94, 111
key word Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 92, 124
land Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 105
law of moses Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 18, 21, 25, 85, 87, 88, 93, 100, 101, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 172, 217
life Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 95, 98, 100, 102, 105, 106, 107, 108, 217
like seeking like Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10, 18, 57
link word Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 84, 89, 91, 93, 126
meals, jewish Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 30
monarchy Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57
moses Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 57, 112
music Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 30
neighbors Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 92, 172
old age Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 88, 89, 95, 96, 97, 114
palestine Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104
parallelism Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 90, 94, 101, 110, 124
parents Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 97
patriarchal society Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 21
poor Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 21, 30, 92, 126, 172
potter Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 110
prayer Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 22, 112, 113, 114
pride Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 86, 87, 88, 90, 92, 94, 95, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 108, 115
priesthood Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 100, 103, 104, 105, 107
prophets Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 101, 102
prosperity Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 87, 88, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104
ptolemies Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10, 104
qumran Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 30, 172
repetition Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 50, 86, 89, 90, 124
reproof Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 23, 172, 217
retribution Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 18, 96
revelation, of secrets Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 436
rhetorical question Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 126
rhyme, final Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 83, 85, 91
rhyme, internal Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 124
rhyme Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 84, 86, 89, 90, 91, 95, 126
rich Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 21, 30, 92, 98, 100, 103, 104, 114, 124, 126
righteousness Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 88, 89, 91, 97, 112, 113, 115, 126
rulers Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 84, 92, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 111, 114, 115
sacrifice Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 50
sapiential (wisdom) literature Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10, 17, 21, 22, 57, 100, 104, 105, 109
saul Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 107
school Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 22
scribe Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 25, 105
secrets/confidences, keeping/betraying Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 21, 23, 109, 110, 111, 217
seleucids Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104
shame Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 93, 103, 110, 111, 217
sharing (goods in common) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 112
silence Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 124
simeon ii (high priest) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 105
sin/sinners Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 86, 92, 100, 101
slander Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 23
slave Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17
social justice/ethics Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 18, 20, 21
social relationships Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 83, 92, 93, 126
song Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 25, 96, 98
speech Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 21, 23, 30
symposium' Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 30
taxation Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104
teacher Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 108
temple (jerusalem) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 105
testing Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 10, 20, 27, 50, 57, 110
theodicy Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 102
tobiads Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 104
travel Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 17, 110
trust (in god) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 92
utility Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10
virtue Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 10, 89, 113
war Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 87, 95, 103, 104, 107
wife Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 20, 21, 84, 94, 101, 108, 113, 114
wine Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 86, 88, 89, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 112
wisdom/wise Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 2, 10, 17, 18, 21, 23, 50, 83, 88, 89, 91, 92, 93, 97, 101, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 115, 124, 172, 217
wisdom Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 436
word-pairs Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 89, 101
wordplay Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 84, 86, 90, 108