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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



673
Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 33.13-33.15


nanAs clay in the hand of the potter -- for all his ways are as he pleases -- so men are in the hand of him who made them,to give them as he decides.


nanGood is the opposite of evil,and life the opposite of death;so the sinner is the opposite of the godly.


nanLook upon all the works of the Most High;they likewise are in pairs, one the opposite of the other.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

38 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3-1.9 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 1.4. Now when I was in my own country, in the land of Israel, while I was still a young man, the whole tribe of Naphtali my forefather deserted the house of Jerusalem. This was the place which had been chosen from among all the tribes of Israel, where all the tribes should sacrifice and where the temple of the dwelling of the Most High was consecrated and established for all generations for ever. 1.5. All the tribes that joined in apostasy used to sacrifice to the calf Baal, and so did the house of Naphtali my forefather. 1.6. But I alone went often to Jerusalem for the feasts, as it is ordained for all Israel by an everlasting decree. Taking the first fruits and the tithes of my produce and the first shearings, I would give these to the priests, the sons of Aaron, at the altar. 1.7. of all my produce I would give a tenth to the sons of Levi who ministered at Jerusalem; a second tenth I would sell, and I would go and spend the proceeds each year at Jerusalem; 1.8. the third tenth I would give to those to whom it was my duty, as Deborah my fathers mother had commanded me, for I was left an orphan by my father. 1.9. When I became a man I married Anna, a member of our family, and by her I became the father of Tobias.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 13.7, 30.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

13.7. כִּי יְסִיתְךָ אָחִיךָ בֶן־אִמֶּךָ אוֹ־בִנְךָ אוֹ־בִתְּךָ אוֹ אֵשֶׁת חֵיקֶךָ אוֹ רֵעֲךָ אֲשֶׁר כְּנַפְשְׁךָ בַּסֵּתֶר לֵאמֹר נֵלְכָה וְנַעַבְדָה אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָדַעְתָּ אַתָּה וַאֲבֹתֶיךָ׃ 30.15. רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָע׃ 13.7. If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, that is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying: 'Let us go and serve other gods,' which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers;" 30.15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil,"
3. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 30.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

30.15. הֶעָשִׁיר לֹא־יַרְבֶּה וְהַדַּל לֹא יַמְעִיט מִמַּחֲצִית הַשָּׁקֶל לָתֵת אֶת־תְּרוּמַת יְהוָה לְכַפֵּר עַל־נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם׃ 30.15. The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less, than the half shekel, when they give the offering of the LORD, to make atonement for your souls."
4. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.3, 1.28, 1.31, 2.7, 3.17, 4.2, 6.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.3. וּלְכָל־חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ וּלְכָל־עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּלְכֹל רוֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה אֶת־כָּל־יֶרֶק עֵשֶׂב לְאָכְלָה וַיְהִי־כֵן׃ 1.3. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יְהִי אוֹר וַיְהִי־אוֹר׃ 1.28. וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם אֱלֹהִים פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְכִבְשֻׁהָ וּרְדוּ בִּדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבְכָל־חַיָּה הָרֹמֶשֶׂת עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃ 1.31. וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְהִנֵּה־טוֹב מְאֹד וַיְהִי־עֶרֶב וַיְהִי־בֹקֶר יוֹם הַשִּׁשִּׁי׃ 2.7. וַיִּיצֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם עָפָר מִן־הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּפַּח בְּאַפָּיו נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים וַיְהִי הָאָדָם לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה׃ 3.17. וּלְאָדָם אָמַר כִּי־שָׁמַעְתָּ לְקוֹל אִשְׁתֶּךָ וַתֹּאכַל מִן־הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִיךָ לֵאמֹר לֹא תֹאכַל מִמֶּנּוּ אֲרוּרָה הָאֲדָמָה בַּעֲבוּרֶךָ בְּעִצָּבוֹן תֹּאכֲלֶנָּה כֹּל יְמֵי חַיֶּיךָ׃ 4.2. וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רֹעֵה צֹאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עֹבֵד אֲדָמָה׃ 4.2. וַתֵּלֶד עָדָה אֶת־יָבָל הוּא הָיָה אֲבִי יֹשֵׁב אֹהֶל וּמִקְנֶה׃ 6.13. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים לְנֹחַ קֵץ כָּל־בָּשָׂר בָּא לְפָנַי כִּי־מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ חָמָס מִפְּנֵיהֶם וְהִנְנִי מַשְׁחִיתָם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃ 1.3. And God said: ‘Let there be light.’ And there was light." 1.28. And God blessed them; and God said unto them: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that creepeth upon the earth.’" 1.31. And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day." 2.7. Then the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." 3.17. And unto Adam He said: ‘Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying: Thou shalt not eat of it; cursed is the ground for thy sake; in toil shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life." 4.2. And again she bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground." 6.13. And God said unto Noah: ‘The end of all flesh is come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth."
5. Hebrew Bible, Job, 19.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.19. תִּעֲבוּנִי כָּל־מְתֵי סוֹדִי וְזֶה־אָהַבְתִּי נֶהְפְּכוּ־בִי׃ 19.19. All my intimate friends abhor me; And they whom I loved are turned against me."
6. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 19.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.18. לֹא־תִקֹּם וְלֹא־תִטֹּר אֶת־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 19.18. Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD."
7. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 2.4, 10.15, 14.20, 18.23, 22.16, 28.11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.4. אִם־תְּבַקְשֶׁנָּה כַכָּסֶף וְכַמַּטְמוֹנִים תַּחְפְּשֶׂנָּה׃ 10.15. הוֹן עָשִׁיר קִרְיַת עֻזּוֹ מְחִתַּת דַּלִּים רֵישָׁם׃ 18.23. תַּחֲנוּנִים יְדַבֶּר־רָשׁ וְעָשִׁיר יַעֲנֶה עַזּוֹת׃ 22.16. עֹשֵׁק דָּל לְהַרְבּוֹת לוֹ נֹתֵן לְעָשִׁיר אַךְ־לְמַחְסוֹר׃ 28.11. חָכָם בְּעֵינָיו אִישׁ עָשִׁיר וְדַל מֵבִין יַחְקְרֶנּוּ׃ 2.4. If thou seek her as silver, And search for her as for hid treasures;" 10.15. The rich man’s wealth is his strong city; the ruin of the poor is their poverty." 14.20. The poor is hated even of his own neighbour; But the rich hath many friends. ." 18.23. The poor useth entreaties; But the rich answereth impudently." 22.16. One may oppress the poor, yet will their gain increase; One may give to the rich, yet will want come." 28.11. The rich man is wise in his own eyes; But the poor that hath understanding searcheth him through."
8. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 31.12, 41.10, 55.14, 103.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

31.12. מִכָּל־צֹרְרַי הָיִיתִי חֶרְפָּה וְלִשֲׁכֵנַי מְאֹד וּפַחַד לִמְיֻדָּעָי רֹאַי בַּחוּץ נָדְדוּ מִמֶּנִּי׃ 55.14. וְאַתָּה אֱנוֹשׁ כְּעֶרְכִּי אַלּוּפִי וּמְיֻדָּעִי׃ 103.14. כִּי־הוּא יָדַע יִצְרֵנוּ זָכוּר כִּי־עָפָר אֲנָחְנוּ׃ 31.12. Because of all mine adversaries I am become a reproach, Yea, unto my neighbours exceedingly, and a dread to mine acquaintance; They that see me without flee from me." 41.10. Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who did eat of my bread, Hath lifted up his heel against me." 55.14. But it was thou, a man mine equal, My companion, and my familiar friend;" 103.14. For He knoweth our frame; He remembereth that we are dust."
9. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 18.1, 28.16 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

18.1. וַיְהִי כְּכַלֹּתוֹ לְדַבֵּר אֶל־שָׁאוּל וְנֶפֶשׁ יְהוֹנָתָן נִקְשְׁרָה בְּנֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד ויאהבו [וַיֶּאֱהָבֵהוּ] יְהוֹנָתָן כְּנַפְשׁוֹ׃ 18.1. וַיְהִי מִמָּחֳרָת וַתִּצְלַח רוּחַ אֱלֹהִים רָעָה אֶל־שָׁאוּל וַיִּתְנַבֵּא בְתוֹךְ־הַבַּיִת וְדָוִד מְנַגֵּן בְּיָדוֹ כְּיוֹם בְּיוֹם וְהַחֲנִית בְּיַד־שָׁאוּל׃ 28.16. וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל וְלָמָּה תִּשְׁאָלֵנִי וַיהוָה סָר מֵעָלֶיךָ וַיְהִי עָרֶךָ׃ 18.1. And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking to Sha᾽ul, that the soul of Yehonatan was knit with the soul of David, and Yehonatan loved him as his own soul." 28.16. Then said Shemu᾽el, Why then dost thou ask of me, seeing the Lord has departed from thee, and is become thy enemy?"
10. Hebrew Bible, 2 Samuel, 12.1-12.4 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

12.1. וְעַתָּה לֹא־תָסוּר חֶרֶב מִבֵּיתְךָ עַד־עוֹלָם עֵקֶב כִּי בְזִתָנִי וַתִּקַּח אֶת־אֵשֶׁת אוּרִיָּה הַחִתִּי לִהְיוֹת לְךָ לְאִשָּׁה׃ 12.1. וַיִּשְׁלַח יְהוָה אֶת־נָתָן אֶל־דָּוִד וַיָּבֹא אֵלָיו וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ שְׁנֵי אֲנָשִׁים הָיוּ בְּעִיר אֶחָת אֶחָד עָשִׁיר וְאֶחָד רָאשׁ׃ 12.2. לְעָשִׁיר הָיָה צֹאן וּבָקָר הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד׃ 12.2. וַיָּקָם דָּוִד מֵהָאָרֶץ וַיִּרְחַץ וַיָּסֶךְ וַיְחַלֵּף שמלתו [שִׂמְלֹתָיו] וַיָּבֹא בֵית־יְהוָה וַיִּשְׁתָּחוּ וַיָּבֹא אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וַיִּשְׁאַל וַיָּשִׂימוּ לוֹ לֶחֶם וַיֹּאכַל׃ 12.3. וַיִּקַּח אֶת־עֲטֶרֶת־מַלְכָּם מֵעַל רֹאשׁוֹ וּמִשְׁקָלָהּ כִּכַּר זָהָב וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה וַתְּהִי עַל־רֹאשׁ דָּוִד וּשְׁלַל הָעִיר הוֹצִיא הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד׃ 12.3. וְלָרָשׁ אֵין־כֹּל כִּי אִם־כִּבְשָׂה אַחַת קְטַנָּה אֲשֶׁר קָנָה וַיְחַיֶּהָ וַתִּגְדַּל עִמּוֹ וְעִם־בָּנָיו יַחְדָּו מִפִּתּוֹ תֹאכַל וּמִכֹּסוֹ תִשְׁתֶּה וּבְחֵיקוֹ תִשְׁכָּב וַתְּהִי־לוֹ כְּבַת׃ 12.4. וַיָּבֹא הֵלֶךְ לְאִישׁ הֶעָשִׁיר וַיַּחְמֹל לָקַחַת מִצֹּאנוֹ וּמִבְּקָרוֹ לַעֲשׂוֹת לָאֹרֵחַ הַבָּא־לוֹ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־כִּבְשַׂת הָאִישׁ הָרָאשׁ וַיַּעֲשֶׂהָ לָאִישׁ הַבָּא אֵלָיו׃ 12.1. And the Lord sent Natan to David. And he came to him, and said to him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor." 12.2. The rich man had very many flocks and herds:" 12.3. but the poor man had nothing, except one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and reared: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own bread, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was like a daughter to him." 12.4. And there came a traveller to the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to prepare it for the wayfaring man that was come to him; but took the poor man’s lamb, and prepared it for the man that was come to him."
11. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 9.1-9.2, 14.21, 29.15-29.16, 41.25, 45.9-45.13, 45.18, 64.7 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

9.1. הָעָם הַהֹלְכִים בַּחֹשֶׁךְ רָאוּ אוֹר גָּדוֹל יֹשְׁבֵי בְּאֶרֶץ צַלְמָוֶת אוֹר נָגַהּ עֲלֵיהֶם׃ 9.1. וַיְשַׂגֵּב יְהוָה אֶת־צָרֵי רְצִין עָלָיו וְאֶת־אֹיְבָיו יְסַכְסֵךְ׃ 9.2. הִרְבִּיתָ הַגּוֹי לא [לוֹ] הִגְדַּלְתָּ הַשִּׂמְחָה שָׂמְחוּ לְפָנֶיךָ כְּשִׂמְחַת בַּקָּצִיר כַּאֲשֶׁר יָגִילוּ בְּחַלְּקָם שָׁלָל׃ 9.2. מְנַשֶּׁה אֶת־אֶפְרַיִם וְאֶפְרַיִם אֶת־מְנַשֶּׁה יַחְדָּו הֵמָּה עַל־יְהוּדָה בְּכָל־זֹאת לֹא־שָׁב אַפּוֹ וְעוֹד יָדוֹ נְטוּיָה׃ 14.21. הָכִינוּ לְבָנָיו מַטְבֵּחַ בַּעֲוֺן אֲבוֹתָם בַּל־יָקֻמוּ וְיָרְשׁוּ אָרֶץ וּמָלְאוּ פְנֵי־תֵבֵל עָרִים׃ 29.15. הוֹי הַמַּעֲמִיקִים מֵיהוָה לַסְתִּר עֵצָה וְהָיָה בְמַחְשָׁךְ מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם וַיֹּאמְרוּ מִי רֹאֵנוּ וּמִי יוֹדְעֵנוּ׃ 29.16. הַפְכְּכֶם אִם־כְּחֹמֶר הַיֹּצֵר יֵחָשֵׁב כִּי־יֹאמַר מַעֲשֶׂה לְעֹשֵׂהוּ לֹא עָשָׂנִי וְיֵצֶר אָמַר לְיוֹצְרוֹ לֹא הֵבִין׃ 41.25. הַעִירוֹתִי מִצָּפוֹן וַיַּאת מִמִּזְרַח־שֶׁמֶשׁ יִקְרָא בִשְׁמִי וְיָבֹא סְגָנִים כְּמוֹ־חֹמֶר וּכְמוֹ יוֹצֵר יִרְמָס־טִיט׃ 45.9. הוֹי רָב אֶת־יֹצְרוֹ חֶרֶשׂ אֶת־חַרְשֵׂי אֲדָמָה הֲיֹאמַר חֹמֶר לְיֹצְרוֹ מַה־תַּעֲשֶׂה וּפָעָלְךָ אֵין־יָדַיִם לוֹ׃ 45.11. כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיֹצְרוֹ הָאֹתִיּוֹת שְׁאָלוּנִי עַל־בָּנַי וְעַל־פֹּעַל יָדַי תְּצַוֻּנִי׃ 45.12. אָנֹכִי עָשִׂיתִי אֶרֶץ וְאָדָם עָלֶיהָ בָרָאתִי אֲנִי יָדַי נָטוּ שָׁמַיִם וְכָל־צְבָאָם צִוֵּיתִי׃ 45.13. אָנֹכִי הַעִירֹתִהוּ בְצֶדֶק וְכָל־דְּרָכָיו אֲיַשֵּׁר הוּא־יִבְנֶה עִירִי וְגָלוּתִי יְשַׁלֵּחַ לֹא בִמְחִיר וְלֹא בְשֹׁחַד אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת׃ 45.18. כִּי כֹה אָמַר־יְהוָה בּוֹרֵא הַשָּׁמַיִם הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים יֹצֵר הָאָרֶץ וְעֹשָׂהּ הוּא כוֹנְנָהּ לֹא־תֹהוּ בְרָאָהּ לָשֶׁבֶת יְצָרָהּ אֲנִי יְהוָה וְאֵין עוֹד׃ 64.7. וְעַתָּה יְהוָה אָבִינוּ אָתָּה אֲנַחְנוּ הַחֹמֶר וְאַתָּה יֹצְרֵנוּ וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדְךָ כֻּלָּנוּ׃ 9.1. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined." 9.2. Thou hast multiplied the nation, Thou hast increased their joy; they joy before Thee according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil." 14.21. Prepare ye slaughter for his children For the iniquity of their fathers; That they rise not up, and possess the earth, And fill the face of the world with cities." 29.15. Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say: ‘Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?’" 29.16. O your perversity! Shall the potter be esteemed as clay; that the thing made should say of him that made it: ‘He made me not’; Or the thing framed say of him that framed it: ‘He hath no understanding?’" 41.25. I have roused up one from the north, and he is come, From the rising of the sun one that calleth upon My name; And he shall come upon rulers as upon mortar, And as the potter treadeth clay." 45.9. Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker, as a potsherd with the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to him that fashioned it: ‘What makest thou?’ Or: ‘Thy work, it hath no hands’?" 45.10. Woe unto him that saith unto his father. 'Wherefore begettest thou?’ Or to a woman: ‘Wherefore travailest thou?’" 45.11. Thus saith the LORD, The Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: Ask Me of the things that are to come; Concerning My sons, and concerning the work of My hands, command ye Me." 45.12. I, even I, have made the earth, And created man upon it; I, even My hands, have stretched out the heavens, And all their host have I commanded." 45.13. I have roused him up in victory, And I make level all his ways; He shall build My city, And he shall let Mine exiles go free, Not for price nor reward, Saith the LORD of hosts." 45.18. For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens, He is God; That formed the earth and made it, He established it, He created it not to be empty or chaotic, He established it to be settled and inhabited: I am the LORD, and there is none else." 64.7. But now, O LORD, Thou art our Father; we are the clay, and Thou our potter, and we all are the work of Thy hand."
12. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 10.16, 14.14, 18.3-18.6, 23.26, 51.19 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

10.16. לֹא־כְאֵלֶּה חֵלֶק יַעֲקֹב כִּי־יוֹצֵר הַכֹּל הוּא וְיִשְׂרָאֵל שֵׁבֶט נַחֲלָתוֹ יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת שְׁמוֹ׃ 14.14. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֵלַי שֶׁקֶר הַנְּבִאִים נִבְּאִים בִּשְׁמִי לֹא שְׁלַחְתִּים וְלֹא צִוִּיתִים וְלֹא דִבַּרְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶם חֲזוֹן שֶׁקֶר וְקֶסֶם ואלול [וֶאֱלִיל] ותרמות [וְתַרְמִית] לִבָּם הֵמָּה מִתְנַבְּאִים לָכֶם׃ 18.3. וָאֵרֵד בֵּית הַיּוֹצֵר והנהו [וְהִנֵּה־] [הוּא] עֹשֶׂה מְלָאכָה עַל־הָאָבְנָיִם׃ 18.4. וְנִשְׁחַת הַכְּלִי אֲשֶׁר הוּא עֹשֶׂה בַּחֹמֶר בְּיַד הַיּוֹצֵר וְשָׁב וַיַּעֲשֵׂהוּ כְּלִי אַחֵר כַּאֲשֶׁר יָשַׁר בְּעֵינֵי הַיּוֹצֵר לַעֲשׂוֹת׃ 18.5. וַיְהִי דְבַר־יְהוָה אֵלַי לֵאמוֹר׃ 18.6. הֲכַיּוֹצֵר הַזֶּה לֹא־אוּכַל לַעֲשׂוֹת לָכֶם בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל נְאֻם־יְהוָה הִנֵּה כַחֹמֶר בְּיַד הַיּוֹצֵר כֵּן־אַתֶּם בְּיָדִי בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 23.26. עַד־מָתַי הֲיֵשׁ בְּלֵב הַנְּבִאִים נִבְּאֵי הַשָּׁקֶר וּנְבִיאֵי תַּרְמִת לִבָּם׃ 51.19. לֹא־כְאֵלֶּה חֵלֶק יַעֲקוֹב כִּי־יוֹצֵר הַכֹּל הוּא וְשֵׁבֶט נַחֲלָתוֹ יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת שְׁמוֹ׃ 10.16. Not like these is the portion of Jacob; For He is the former of all things, And Israel is the tribe of His inheritance; The LORD of hosts is His name." 14.14. Then the LORD said unto me: ‘The prophets prophesy lies in My name; I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spoke I unto them; they prophesy unto you a lying vision, and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their own heart." 18.3. Then I went down to the potter’s house, and, behold, he was at his work on the wheels." 18.4. And whensoever the vessel that he made of the clay was marred in the hand of the potter, he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make it." 18.5. Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying:" 18.6. ’O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay in the potter’s hand, so are ye in My hand, O house of Israel." 23.26. How long shall this be? Is it in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies, And the prophets of the deceit of their own heart?" 51.19. The portion of Jacob is not like these; For He is the former of all things, And [Israel] is the tribe of His inheritance; The LORD of hosts is His name. ."
13. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 8.6 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8.6. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן־אָדָם הֲרֹאֶה אַתָּה מהם [מָה] [הֵם] עֹשִׂים תּוֹעֵבוֹת גְּדֹלוֹת אֲשֶׁר בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל עֹשִׂים פֹּה לְרָחֳקָה מֵעַל מִקְדָּשִׁי וְעוֹד תָּשׁוּב תִּרְאֶה תּוֹעֵבוֹת גְּדֹלוֹת׃ 8.6. And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, seest thou what they do? even the great abominations that the house of Israel do commit here, that I should go far off from My sanctuary? but thou shalt again see yet greater abominations.’"
14. Plato, Phaedo, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

64e. or despise them, except so far as it is necessary to have them? I think the true philosopher would despise them, he replied. Altogether, then, you think that such a man would not devote himself to the body, but would, so far as he was able, turn away from the body and concern himself with the soul? Yes. Phaedo. To begin with, then, it is clear that in such matters the philosopher, more than other men, separate
15. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3-1.9 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 1.4. Now when I was in my own country, in the land of Israel, while I was still a young man, the whole tribe of Naphtali my forefather deserted the house of Jerusalem. This was the place which had been chosen from among all the tribes of Israel, where all the tribes should sacrifice and where the temple of the dwelling of the Most High was consecrated and established for all generations for ever. 1.5. All the tribes that joined in apostasy used to sacrifice to the calf Baal, and so did the house of Naphtali my forefather. 1.6. But I alone went often to Jerusalem for the feasts, as it is ordained for all Israel by an everlasting decree. Taking the first fruits and the tithes of my produce and the first shearings, I would give these to the priests, the sons of Aaron, at the altar. 1.7. of all my produce I would give a tenth to the sons of Levi who ministered at Jerusalem; a second tenth I would sell, and I would go and spend the proceeds each year at Jerusalem; 1.8. the third tenth I would give to those to whom it was my duty, as Deborah my fathers mother had commanded me, for I was left an orphan by my father. 1.9. When I became a man I married Anna, a member of our family, and by her I became the father of Tobias.
16. Anon., 1 Enoch, 75.2, 80.7, 82.4-82.7, 91.3-91.4, 91.18, 94.1-94.5, 98.4, 99.10, 105.2 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

75.2. reckoned in the reckoning of the year. And owing to them men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year i 80.7. And the whole order of the stars shall be concealed from the sinners, And the thoughts of those on the earth shall err concerning them, [And they shall be altered from all their ways], Yea, they shall err and take them to be gods. 82.4. Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk In the way of righteousness and sin not as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses the heaven, entering into and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads of thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated which divide the four portions of the year, which 82.5. lead them and enter with them four days. Owing to them men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the year: yea, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them 82.6. accurately. For they belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded (thereon) for ever, one in the first portal and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed in three hundred and sixty-four days. 82.7. And the account thereof is accurate and the recorded reckoning thereof exact; for the luminaries, and months and festivals, and years and days, has Uriel shown and revealed to me, to whom the 91.3. And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said: 91.4. Love uprightness and walk therein. And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart, And associate not with those of a double heart,But walk in righteousness, my sons. And it shall guide you on good paths, And righteousness shall be your companion. 91.18. And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass. 94.1. And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk therein; For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation, But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be destroyed and vanish. 94.1. Thus I speak and declare unto you: He who hath created you will overthrow you, And for your fall there shall be no compassion, And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction. 94.2. And to certain men of a generation shall the paths of violence and of death be revealed, And they shall hold themselves afar from them, And shall not follow them. 94.3. And now I say unto you the righteous: Walk not in the paths of wickedness, nor in the paths of death, And draw not nigh to them, lest ye be destroyed. 94.4. But seek and choose for yourselves righteousness and an elect life, And walk in the paths of peace, And ye shall live and prosper. 94.5. And hold fast my words in the thoughts of your hearts, And suffer them not to be effaced from your hearts;For I know that sinners will tempt men to evilly-entreat wisdom, So that no place may be found for her, And no manner of temptation may minish. 98.4. I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, as a mountain has not become a slave, And a hill does not become the handmaid of a woman, Even so sin has not been sent upon the earth, But man of himself has created it, And under a great curse shall they fall who commit it. 105.2. For I and My son will be united with them for ever in the paths of uprightness in their lives; and ye shall have peace: rejoice, ye children of uprightness. Amen.Fragment of the Book of Noah 100. And in those days in one place the fathers together with their sons shall be smitten And brothers one with another shall fall in death Till the streams flow with their blood.",For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons and his sons' sons, And the sinner shall not withhold his hand from his honoured brother: From dawn till sunset they shall slay one another.,And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners, And the chariot shall be submerged to its height.,In those days the angels shall descend into the secret places And gather together into one place all those who brought down sin And the Most High will arise on that day of judgement To execute great judgement amongst sinners.",And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint guardians from amongst the holy angels To guard them as the apple of an eye, Until He makes an end of all wickedness and all sin, And though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have nought to fear.,And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in security, And shall understand all the words of this book, And recognize that their riches shall not be able to save them In the overthrow of their sins.,Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish, Ye who afflict the righteous and burn them with fire: Ye shall be requited according to your works.,Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, Who watch in order to devise wickedness: Therefore shall fear come upon you And there shall be none to help you.,Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your mouth, And on account of the deeds of your hands which your godlessness as wrought, In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn.,And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as to your deeds in heaven, from the sun and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your sins because upon the earth ye execute,judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify against you every cloud and mist and dew and rain; for they shall all be withheld because of you from descending upon you, and they,shall be mindful of your sins. And now give presents to the rain that it be not withheld from descending upon you, nor yet the dew, when it has received gold and silver from you that it may descend. When the hoar-frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the snow-storms with all their plagues fall upon you, in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.
17. Anon., Jubilees, 2.2-2.3, 2.17-2.33, 6.32, 7.36, 50.12-50.13 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.2. Write the complete history of the creation, how in six days the Lord God finished all His works and all that He created, and kept Sabbath on the seventh day and hallowed it for all ages, and appointed it as a sign for all His works. 2.3. For on the first day He created the heavens which are above and the earth and the waters and all the spirits which serve before Him 2.17. And God appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth for days and for sabbaths and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years. 2.18. And it divideth the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. 2.19. These three kinds He made on the fourth day. 2.20. And on the fifth day He created great sea monsters in the depths of the waters, for these were the first things of flesh that were created by His hands, the fish and everything that moves in the waters, and everything that flies, the birds and all their kind. 2.21. And the sun rose above them to prosper (them), and above everything that was on the earth, everything that shoots out of the earth, and all fruit-bearing trees, and all flesh. 2.22. These three kinds He created on the fifth day. 2.23. And on the sixth day He created all the animals of the earth, and all cattle, and everything that moves on the earth. 2.24. And after all this He created man, a man and a woman created He them 2.25. and gave him dominion over all that is upon the earth, and in the seas, and over everything that flies, and over beasts and over cattle, and over everything that moves on the earth, and over the whole earth, and over all this He gave him dominion. 2.26. And these four kinds He created on the sixth day. br And there were altogether two and twenty kinds. 2.27. And He finished all His work on the sixth day--all that is in the heavens and on the earth, and in the seas and in the abysses, and in the light and in the darkness, and in everything. 2.28. And He gave us a great sign, the Sabbath day, that we should work six days, but keep Sabbath on the seventh day from all work. brAnd all the angels of the presence, and all the angels of sanctification 2.29. these two great classes--He hath hidden us to keep the Sabbath with Him in heaven and on earth. 2.30. And He said unto us: "Behold, I will separate unto Myself a people from among all the peoples, and these will keep the Sabbath day 2.31. and I will sanctify them unto Myself as My people, and will bless them; as I have sanctified the Sabbath day and do sanctify (it) unto Myself, even so shall I bless them, and they will be My people and I shall be their God. 2.32. And I have chosen the seed of Jacob from amongst all that I have seen, and have written him down as My firstborn son, and have sanctified him unto Myself for ever and ever; 2.33. and I will teach them the Sabbath day, that they may keep Sabbath thereon from all work."... 6.32. this feast is twofold and of a double nature: according to what is written and engraven concerning it celebrate it. 7.36. and now I fear on your behalf, that after my death ye will shed the blood of men upon the earth, and that ye, too, will be destroyed from the face of the earth. 50.12. and a holy day: and a day of the holy kingdom for all Israel is this day among their days for ever. 50.13. For great is the honour which the Lord hath given to Israel that they should eat and drink and be satisfied on this festival day, and rest thereon from all labour which belongeth to the labour of the children of men, save burning frankincense and bringing oblations and sacrifices before the Lord for days and for Sabbaths.
18. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 9.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

19. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Covenant, 3.20, 10.14-11.18 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

20. Dead Sea Scrolls, (Cairo Damascus Covenant) Cd-A, 3.20, 10.14-11.18 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

21. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 3.13-4.26, 3.15, 3.16, 5.24, 5.25, 11.22 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

22. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.39, 1.43, 1.45, 2.29-2.38, 2.41, 6.49, 10.34 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.39. Her sanctuary became desolate as a desert;her feasts were turned into mourning,her sabbaths into a reproach,her honor into contempt. 1.43. All the Gentiles accepted the command of the king. Many even from Israel gladly adopted his religion; they sacrificed to idols and profaned the sabbath. 1.45. to forbid burnt offerings and sacrifices and drink offerings in the sanctuary, to profane sabbaths and feasts 2.29. Then many who were seeking righteousness and justice went down to the wilderness to dwell there 2.30. they, their sons, their wives, and their cattle, because evils pressed heavily upon them. 2.31. And it was reported to the kings officers, and to the troops in Jerusalem the city of David, that men who had rejected the kings command had gone down to the hiding places in the wilderness. 2.32. Many pursued them, and overtook them; they encamped opposite them and prepared for battle against them on the sabbath day. 2.33. And they said to them, "Enough of this! Come out and do what the king commands, and you will live. 2.34. But they said, "We will not come out, nor will we do what the king commands and so profane the sabbath day. 2.35. Then the enemy hastened to attack them. 2.36. But they did not answer them or hurl a stone at them or block up their hiding places 2.37. for they said, "Let us all die in our innocence; heaven and earth testify for us that you are killing us unjustly. 2.38. So they attacked them on the sabbath, and they died, with their wives and children and cattle, to the number of a thousand persons. 2.41. So they made this decision that day: "Let us fight against every man who comes to attack us on the sabbath day; let us not all die as our brethren died in their hiding places. 6.49. He made peace with the men of Beth-zur, and they evacuated the city, because they had no provisions there to withstand a siege, since it was a sabbatical year for the land. 10.34. And all the feasts and sabbaths and new moons and appointed days, and the three days before a feast and the three after a feast -- let them all be days of immunity and release for all the Jews who are in my kingdom.
23. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 5.25, 6.11, 8.25-8.28, 12.38, 15.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.25. When this man arrived in Jerusalem, he pretended to be peaceably disposed and waited until the holy sabbath day; then, finding the Jews not at work, he ordered his men to parade under arms.' 6.11. Others who had assembled in the caves near by, to observe the seventh day secretly, were betrayed to Philip and were all burned together, because their piety kept them from defending themselves, in view of their regard for that most holy day.' 8.25. They captured the money of those who had come to buy them as slaves. After pursuing them for some distance, they were obliged to return because the hour was late.' 8.26. For it was the day before the sabbath, and for that reason they did not continue their pursuit.' 8.27. And when they had collected the arms of the enemy and stripped them of their spoils, they kept the sabbath, giving great praise and thanks to the Lord, who had preserved them for that day and allotted it to them as the beginning of mercy.' 8.28. After the sabbath they gave some of the spoils to those who had been tortured and to the widows and orphans, and distributed the rest among themselves and their children.' 12.38. Then Judas assembled his army and went to the city of Adullam. As the seventh day was coming on, they purified themselves according to the custom, and they kept the sabbath there.' 15.3. the thrice-accursed wretch asked if there were a sovereign in heaven who had commanded the keeping of the sabbath day.
24. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 6.18, 6.19, 6.20, 6.21, 6.22, 6.23, 6.24, 6.25, 6.26, 6.27, 6.28, 6.29, 6.30, 6.31, 6.32, 6.33, 6.34, 6.35, 6.36, 6.37, 7.29, 7.30, 7.31, 10.30, 13.3, 13.15, 13.16, 13.17, 13.18, 13.19, 13.20, 13.21, 13.22, 13.23, 15.11, 15.12, 15.13, 15.14, 15.15, 15.16, 15.17, 15.18, 15.19, 15.20, 16.17, 16.18, 16.19, 16.20, 16.21, 16.22, 16.23, 16.26, 16.27, 16.28, 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 17.4, 17.5, 17.6, 17.7, 17.8, 17.9, 17.10, 17.11, 17.12, 17.13, 17.14, 17.19, 18.1, 18.3, 24.28, 25.24, 27.6, 30.14, 31.3, 31.4, 31.15, 32.19, 33, 33.7, 33.8, 33.9, 33.10, 33.11, 33.12, 33.14, 33.15, 33.18, 35.1, 35.2, 35.3, 35.4, 35.5, 35.6, 35.7, 35.10, 35.17, 35.21, 37, 37.3, 37.4, 37.12, 37.13, 37.18, 38.1, 38.9, 39.16, 39.17, 39.18, 39.19, 39.20, 39.21, 39.22, 39.23, 39.24, 39.25, 39.26, 39.27, 39.28, 39.29, 39.30, 39.31, 39.32, 39.33, 39.34, 39.35, 40.1, 42.15-43.33, 43.6, 43.7, 43.8, 44.20, 45.6, 45.7, 45.8, 45.9, 45.10, 45.11, 45.12, 45.13, 45.14, 45.15, 45.16, 45.17, 45.18, 45.19, 45.20, 45.21, 45.22, 47.7, 47.10, 49.16, 50.1, 50.2, 50.3, 50.4, 50.5, 50.6, 50.7, 50.8, 50.9, 50.10, 50.11, 50.12, 50.13, 50.14, 50.15, 50.16, 50.17, 50.18, 50.19, 50.20, 50.21, 50.22, 50.23, 50.24 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

25. Septuagint, Judith, 8.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

8.6. She fasted all the days of her widowhood, except the day before the sabbath and the sabbath itself, the day before the new moon and the day of the new moon, and the feasts and days of rejoicing of the house of Israel.
26. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 2.23, 5.6-5.7, 7.14, 7.26, 11.20, 15.6-15.13, 15.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.23. for God created man for incorruption,and made him in the image of his own eternity 5.6. So it was we who strayed from the way of truth,and the light of righteousness did not shine on us,and the sun did not rise upon us. 5.7. We took our fill of the paths of lawlessness and destruction,and we journeyed through trackless deserts,but the way of the Lord we have not known. 7.14. for it is an unfailing treasure for men;those who get it obtain friendship with God,commended for the gifts that come from instruction. 7.26. For she is a reflection of eternal light,a spotless mirror of the working of God,and an image of his goodness. 11.20. Even apart from these, men could fall at a single breath when pursued by justice and scattered by the breath of thy power. But thou hast arranged all things by measure and number and weight. 15.6. Lovers of evil things and fit for such objects of hope are those who either make or desire or worship them. 15.7. For when a potter kneads the soft earth and laboriously molds each vessel for our service,he fashions out of the same clay both the vessels that serve clean uses and those for contrary uses, making all in like manner;but which shall be the use of each of these the worker in clay decides. 15.8. With misspent toil, he forms a futile god from the same clay -- this man who was made of earth a short time before and after a little while goes to the earth from which he was taken,when he is required to return the soul that was lent him. 15.9. But he is not concerned that he is destined to die or that his life is brief,but he competes with workers in gold and silver,and imitates workers in copper;and he counts it his glory that he molds counterfeit gods. 15.10. His heart is ashes, his hope is cheaper than dirt,and his life is of less worth than clay 15.11. because he failed to know the one who formed him and inspired him with an active soul and breathed into him a living spirit. 15.12. But he considered our existence an idle game,and life a festival held for profit,for he says one must get money however one can, even by base means. 15.13. For this man, more than all others, knows that he sins when he makes from earthy matter fragile vessels and graven images. 15.15. For they thought that all their heathen idols were gods,though these have neither the use of their eyes to see with,nor nostrils with which to draw breath,nor ears with which to hear,nor fingers to feel with,and their feet are of no use for walking.
27. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Abraham, 204 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

204. nevertheless, though it belongs to me, I have no objection to those who deserve it enjoying a share of it. But who can be deserving to do so, save he who obeys me and my will? for to this man it shall be given to feel as little grief as possible and as little fear as possible, proceeding along that road which is inaccessible to passions and vices, but which is frequented by excellence of soul and virtue.
28. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 48 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

48. Now I bid ye, initiated men, who are purified, as to your ears, to receive these things, as mysteries which are really sacred, in your inmost souls; and reveal them not to any one who is of the number of the uninitiated, but guard them as a sacred treasure, laying them up in your own hearts, not in a storehouse in which are gold and silver, perishable substances, but in that treasurehouse in which the most excellent of all the possessions in the world does lie, the knowledge namely of the great first Cause, and of virtue, and in the third place, of the generation of them both. And if ever you meet with any one who has been properly initiated, cling to that man affectionately and adhere to him, that if he has learnt any more recent mystery he may not conceal it from you before you have learnt to comprehend it thoroughly. 48. It is, therefore, with great beauty, and also with a proper sense of what is consistent with the dignity of God, that the voice is said to have come forth out of the fire; for the oracles of God are accurately understood and tested like gold by the fire.
29. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 2.98 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

30. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.4. that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor
31. New Testament, Acts, 9.8 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9.8. Saul arose from the ground, and when his eyes were opened, he saw no one. They led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.
32. New Testament, Apocalypse, 9.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.1. The fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from the sky fallen to the earth. The key to the pit of the abyss was given to him.
33. New Testament, Colossians, 1.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.15. who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.
34. New Testament, Romans, 9.20-9.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.20. But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed ask him who formed it, "Why did you make me like this? 9.21. Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor? 9.22. What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath made for destruction 9.23. and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory
35. New Testament, John, 13.18, 14.9, 15.13-15.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.18. I don't speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen. But that the Scripture may be fulfilled, 'He who eats bread with me has lifted up his heel against me.' 14.9. Jesus said to him, "Have I been with you such a long time, and do you not know me, Philip? He who has seen me has seen the Father. How do you say, 'Show us the Father?' 15.13. Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends. 15.14. You are my friends, if you do whatever I command you. 15.15. No longer do I call you servants, for the servant doesn't know what his lord does. But I have called you friends, for everything that I heard from my Father, I have made known to you.
36. New Testament, Mark, 14.17-14.21, 14.34 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.17. When it was evening he came with the twelve. 14.18. As they sat and were eating, Jesus said, "Most assuredly I tell you, one of you will betray me -- he who eats with me. 14.19. They began to be sorrowful, and to ask him one by one, "Surely not I?" And another said, "Surely not I? 14.20. He answered them, "It is one of the twelve, he who dips with me in the dish. 14.21. For the Son of Man goes, even as it is written about him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for that man if he had not been born. 14.34. He said to them, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch.
37. New Testament, Matthew, 26.20-26.25 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

26.20. Now when evening had come, he was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples. 26.21. As they were eating, he said, "Most assuredly I tell you that one of you will betray me. 26.22. They were exceedingly sorrowful, and each began to ask him, "It isn't me, is it, Lord? 26.23. He answered, "He who dipped his hand with me in the dish, the same will betray me. 26.24. The Son of Man goes, even as it is written of him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for that man if he had not been born. 26.25. Judas, who betrayed him, answered, "It isn't me, is it, Rabbi?"He said to him, "You said it.
38. Anon., Qohelet Rabba, 3.11 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 75, 76; Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 49, 55
advisors Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
afterlife Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
all men Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 49
alliteration Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66
animal imagery Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
animal life Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
antithesis Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
banquets Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
beliar Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
ben sira Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
calendars, solar Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 173, 177
calendars Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 175
capability (human) Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 66
clay Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 50, 55, 60, 66, 82
collective humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50, 229
community rule Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
cosmology Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
covenant Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
creation Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170, 171, 172, 177; Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 71, 74, 75, 76
creation topoi Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 50, 54, 60, 66, 82
creator Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
damascus document Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
dating systems Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 177
david Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 74
death Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 74; Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60
determinism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50, 55, 66
deterministic Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54
diaspora Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 176
divine, image Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 60, 82
dualism/dualistic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
dualism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54, 55
dust Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 49, 50, 54, 55, 60, 66, 82
earth, from (out of) the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
earth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 55
earthly origin Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60, 82
enemies Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
eternal life Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 229
eternality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
everlasting covenant Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
evil Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 71, 75, 76
evil inclinations Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 229
faithfulness Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
fate Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54
fear of god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
festivals Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170, 172, 173, 174, 176, 177
free will Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 55, 229
god, most high Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 71, 74, 75, 76, 146
good Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 76
grandson of ben sira Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
grief Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74, 76
ground, from the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 49, 50, 54, 66
halachic letter Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
heart Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74, 76
hellenism/hellenization Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
hellenistic kings/rulers, antiochus iv epiphanes Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170
honor Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
human, existence Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
human, impermanence Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 55
human, nature Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 229
hymn of praise Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 75
identity, jewish Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170
identity Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 176
idol maker Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60
idolatry Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
idols Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
image of god Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 66, 82
immortal Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60
immortality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
inclination Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54
inclusio Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
incorruption Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
injustice Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
instruction/teaching, ethical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
israel-specific Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
israel/israelite Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
jesus Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
jonathan Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
judas iscariot Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
judgment Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50, 229
justice Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146; Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
knowledge Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
language, secret Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
law, of beliar Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
law Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
life Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
life / afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
light Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 172, 173
like seeking like Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
mankind Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 49, 55
merciful Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50
metaphysical Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
mortality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 66
nature, human Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 229
neighbors Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 74
obedience Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 54, 82, 229
obedient Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 229
parallelism Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
passover/pesaḥ Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 174, 176, 177
peristasis catalogues Keener, First-Second Corinthians (2005) 174
physical Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
platonic Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60
poor Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
potter Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 75, 76; Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50, 55, 60, 66, 82
prayer Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 75
predestinarian/predeterminism Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
predetermined Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 55
priestly tradition Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
prophets Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
qumran Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66, 75; Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
qumran community Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54
responsibility Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50
rich Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
righteousness Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 66
sabbath Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177
saul Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 66
secrets/confidences, keeping/betraying Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 74
sectarianism Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184
seleucid empire Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170
sin/sinners Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
sins / iniquity, origin of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
slavery Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 170
soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 60, 82
sovereign Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 55
speech Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
spirit Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 82
topoi, creation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46, 50, 54, 60, 66, 82
torah Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 175
treachery Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 76
trust (between friends) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
trust (in god) Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71
two ways Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54, 66
vessels Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 50, 60
wealth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 54
wife Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 76
wisdom/wise Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 71, 146
wisdom tradition, jewish Keener, First-Second Corinthians (2005) 174
women Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 46
word-pairs Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 146
yahad' Lidonnici and Lieber, Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism (2007) 184