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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



673
Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 31.25-31.31


nanDo not aim to be valiant over wine,for wine has destroyed many.


nanFire and water prove the temper of steel,so wine tests hearts in the strife of the proud.


nanWine is like life to men,if you drink it in moderation. What is life to a man who is without wine?It has been created to make men glad.


nanWine drunk in season and temperately is rejoicing of heart and gladness of soul.


nanWine drunk to excess is bitterness of soul,with provocation and stumbling.
NaN


nanDo not reprove your neighbor at a banquet of wine,and do not despise him in his merrymaking;speak no word of reproach to him,and do not afflict him by making demands of him.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 5.6, 7.2, 7.7-7.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.6. וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ לְאֶסְתֵּר בְּמִשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן מַה־שְּׁאֵלָתֵךְ וְיִנָּתֵן לָךְ וּמַה־בַּקָּשָׁתֵךְ עַד־חֲצִי הַמַּלְכוּת וְתֵעָשׂ׃ 7.2. וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ לְאֶסְתֵּר גַּם בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי בְּמִשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן מַה־שְּׁאֵלָתֵךְ אֶסְתֵּר הַמַּלְכָּה וְתִנָּתֵן לָךְ וּמַה־בַּקָּשָׁתֵךְ עַד־חֲצִי הַמַּלְכוּת וְתֵעָשׂ׃ 7.7. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ קָם בַּחֲמָתוֹ מִמִּשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן אֶל־גִּנַּת הַבִּיתָן וְהָמָן עָמַד לְבַקֵּשׁ עַל־נַפְשׁוֹ מֵאֶסְתֵּר הַמַּלְכָּה כִּי רָאָה כִּי־כָלְתָה אֵלָיו הָרָעָה מֵאֵת הַמֶּלֶךְ׃ 7.8. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ שָׁב מִגִּנַּת הַבִּיתָן אֶל־בֵּית מִשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן וְהָמָן נֹפֵל עַל־הַמִּטָּה אֲשֶׁר אֶסְתֵּר עָלֶיהָ וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ הֲגַם לִכְבּוֹשׁ אֶת־הַמַּלְכָּה עִמִּי בַּבָּיִת הַדָּבָר יָצָא מִפִּי הַמֶּלֶךְ וּפְנֵי הָמָן חָפוּ׃ 5.6. And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine: ‘Whatever thy petition, it shall be granted thee; and whatever thy request, even to the half of the kingdom, it shall be performed.’" 7.2. And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine: ‘Whatever thy petition, queen Esther, it shall be granted thee; and whatever thy request, even to the half of the kingdom, it shall be performed.’" 7.7. And the king arose in his wrath from the banquet of wine and went into the palace garden; but Haman remained to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king." 7.8. Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the couch whereon Esther was. Then said the king: ‘Will he even force the queen before me in the house?’ As the word went out of the king’s mouth, they covered Haman’s face."
2. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 9.1, 9.7-9.9, 23.29, 24.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.1. חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָה בֵיתָהּ חָצְבָה עַמּוּדֶיהָ שִׁבְעָה׃ 9.1. תְּחִלַּת חָכְמָה יִרְאַת יְהוָה וְדַעַת קְדֹשִׁים בִּינָה׃ 9.7. יֹסֵר לֵץ לֹקֵחַ לוֹ קָלוֹן וּמוֹכִיחַ לְרָשָׁע מוּמוֹ׃ 9.8. אַל־תּוֹכַח לֵץ פֶּן־יִשְׂנָאֶךָּ הוֹכַח לְחָכָם וְיֶאֱהָבֶךָּ׃ 9.9. תֵּן לְחָכָם וְיֶחְכַּם־עוֹד הוֹדַע לְצַדִּיק וְיוֹסֶף לֶקַח׃ 23.29. לְמִי אוֹי לְמִי אֲבוֹי לְמִי מדונים [מִדְיָנִים ] לְמִי שִׂיחַ לְמִי פְּצָעִים חִנָּם לְמִי חַכְלִלוּת עֵינָיִם׃ 24.19. אַל־תִּתְחַר בַּמְּרֵעִים אַל־תְּקַנֵּא בָּרְשָׁעִים׃ 9.1. Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars;" 9.7. He that correcteth a scorner getteth to himself shame, and he that reproveth a wicked man, it becometh unto him a blot." 9.8. Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee; reprove a wise man, and he will love thee." 9.9. Give to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser; teach a righteous man, and he will increase in learning." 23.29. Who crieth: ‘Woe’? who: ‘Alas’? Who hath contentions? who hath raving? Who hath wounds without cause? Who hath redness of eyes?" 24.19. Fret not thyself because of evildoers, Neither be thou envious at the wicked;"
3. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 6.16, 19.2, 24.21, 31.19-31.20, 31.22-31.24, 31.26-31.31, 32.5-32.6, 37.27-37.31, 40.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

19.2. Wine and women lead intelligent men astray,and the man who consorts with harlots is very reckless. 19.2. All wisdom is the fear of the Lord,and in all wisdom there is the fulfilment of the law. 24.21. Those who eat me will hunger for more,and those who drink me will thirst for more. 31.19. How ample a little is for a well-disciplined man!He does not breathe heavily upon his bed. 31.22. Listen to me, my son, and do not disregard me,and in the end you will appreciate my words. In all your work be industrious,and no sickness will overtake you. 31.23. Men will praise the one who is liberal with food,and their testimony to his excellence is trustworthy. 31.24. The city will complain of the one who is niggardly with food,and their testimony to his niggardliness is accurate. 31.26. Fire and water prove the temper of steel,so wine tests hearts in the strife of the proud. 31.27. Wine is like life to men,if you drink it in moderation. What is life to a man who is without wine?It has been created to make men glad. 31.28. Wine drunk in season and temperately is rejoicing of heart and gladness of soul. 31.29. Wine drunk to excess is bitterness of soul,with provocation and stumbling. 31.31. Do not reprove your neighbor at a banquet of wine,and do not despise him in his merrymaking;speak no word of reproach to him,and do not afflict him by making demands of him. 32.5. A ruby seal in a setting of gold is a concert of music at a banquet of wine. 32.6. A seal of emerald in a rich setting of gold is the melody of music with good wine. 37.27. My son, test your soul while you live;see what is bad for it and do not give it that. 37.28. For not everything is good for every one,and not every person enjoys everything. 37.29. Do not have an insatiable appetite for any luxury,and do not give yourself up to food; 37.31. Many have died of gluttony,but he who is careful to avoid it prolongs his life.
4. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 2.7, 24.21, 31.22-31.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.7. Let us take our fill of costly wine and perfumes,and let no flower of spring pass by us.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On Drunkenness, 138 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

138. On which account the scripture says, "Wine and strong drink thou shalt not drink, neither thou nor thy sons after thee," when ye enter into the tabernacle of the testimony or approach the altar of sacrifice; and he goes through all these details not more by way of prohibition than of explaining his intention. In truth, for one who was issuing prohibitions, it was appropriate to say, Drink not wine when you are performing sacrifice; but for one who is declaring his opinion, it is more suitable to say, Ye shall not drink. For it is impossible for a man to admit ignorance, which is the cause of intoxication and of ignorance of the soul, if he be one who studies the generic and specific virtues and devotes himself to the pursuit of them.
6. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.195-2.197 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.195. When we offer sacrifices to him we do it not in order to surfeit ourselves, or to be drunken; for such excesses are against the will of God, and would be an occasion of injuries and of luxury: but by keeping ourselves sober, orderly, and ready for our other occupations, and being more temperate than others. 2.196. And for our duty at the sacrifices themselves, we ought in the first place to pray for the common welfare of all, and after that our own; for we are made for fellowship one with another; and he who prefers the common good before what is peculiar to himself, is above all acceptable to God. 2.197. And let our prayers and supplications be made humbly to God, not [so much] that he would give us what is good (for he hath already given that of his own accord, and hath proposed the same publicly to all), as that we may duly receive it, and when we have received it, may preserve it.
7. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 2.6-2.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.6. We speak wisdom, however, among those who are fullgrown; yet a wisdom not of this world, nor of the rulers of this world,who are coming to nothing. 2.7. But we speak God's wisdom in amystery, the wisdom that has been hidden, which God foreordained beforethe worlds to our glory 2.8. which none of the rulers of this worldhas known. For had they known it, they wouldn't have crucified the Lordof glory.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
apion Taylor and Hay, Philo of Alexandria: On the Contemplative Life: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2020) 21
banquet Heo, Images of Torah: From the Second-Temple Period to the Middle Ages (2023) 162, 164
banquets Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
chaeremon the stoic, on the egyptian priests Taylor and Hay, Philo of Alexandria: On the Contemplative Life: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2020) 21
death Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
drunkenness Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 29
epictetus Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
fear of god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
god Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
heart Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
hellenism/hellenization Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
hellenistic world Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 29
holy spirit deSilva, Ephesians (2022) 270
isocrates Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
judaism/jewish Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
life Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
marcus aurelius Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
metaphor, personified wisdoms speech in Heo, Images of Torah: From the Second-Temple Period to the Middle Ages (2023) 162
ornamentation Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
paul Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
personified wisdom, metaphor in speech of Heo, Images of Torah: From the Second-Temple Period to the Middle Ages (2023) 162
personified wisdom, woman (compared to wisdom folly) as Heo, Images of Torah: From the Second-Temple Period to the Middle Ages (2023) 162, 164
pride Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
rich Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
sacrifice' Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 29
song Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
testing Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 27
topos Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 223
wine Corley, Ben Sira's Teaching on Friendship (2002) 98
wisdom. ḥokhmah, personified (as compared to woman folly) Heo, Images of Torah: From the Second-Temple Period to the Middle Ages (2023) 162, 164