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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



673
Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 25.16-25.26


nanI would rather dwell with a lion and a dragon than dwell with an evil wife.


nanThe wickedness of a wife changes her appearance,and darkens her face like that of a bear.


nanHer husband takes his meals among the neighbors,and he cannot help sighing bitterly.


nanAny iniquity is insignificant compared to a wifes iniquity;may a sinners lot befall her!
NaN


nanDo not be ensnared by a womans beauty,and do not desire a woman for her possessions.


nanThere is wrath and impudence and great disgrace when a wife supports her husband.


nanA dejected mind, a gloomy face,and a wounded heart are caused by an evil wife. Drooping hands and weak knees are caused by the wife who does not make her husband happy.


nanFrom a woman sin had its beginning,and because of her we all die.


nanAllow no outlet to water,and no boldness of speech in an evil wife.


nanIf she does not go as you direct,separate her from yourself.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Nehemiah, 13.23-13.29 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

13.23. גַּם בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם רָאִיתִי אֶת־הַיְּהוּדִים הֹשִׁיבוּ נָשִׁים אשדודיות [אַשְׁדֳּדִיּוֹת] עמוניות [עַמֳּנִיּוֹת] מוֹאֲבִיּוֹת׃ 13.24. וּבְנֵיהֶם חֲצִי מְדַבֵּר אַשְׁדּוֹדִית וְאֵינָם מַכִּירִים לְדַבֵּר יְהוּדִית וְכִלְשׁוֹן עַם וָעָם׃ 13.25. וָאָרִיב עִמָּם וָאֲקַלְלֵם וָאַכֶּה מֵהֶם אֲנָשִׁים וָאֶמְרְטֵם וָאַשְׁבִּיעֵם בֵּאלֹהִים אִם־תִּתְּנוּ בְנֹתֵיכֶם לִבְנֵיהֶם וְאִם־תִּשְׂאוּ מִבְּנֹתֵיהֶם לִבְנֵיכֶם וְלָכֶם׃ 13.26. הֲלוֹא עַל־אֵלֶּה חָטָא־שְׁלֹמֹה מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבַגּוֹיִם הָרַבִּים לֹא־הָיָה מֶלֶךְ כָּמֹהוּ וְאָהוּב לֵאלֹהָיו הָיָה וַיִּתְּנֵהוּ אֱלֹהִים מֶלֶךְ עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל גַּם־אוֹתוֹ הֶחֱטִיאוּ הַנָּשִׁים הַנָּכְרִיּוֹת׃ 13.27. וְלָכֶם הֲנִשְׁמַע לַעֲשֹׂת אֵת כָּל־הָרָעָה הַגְּדוֹלָה הַזֹּאת לִמְעֹל בֵּאלֹהֵינוּ לְהֹשִׁיב נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת׃ 13.28. וּמִבְּנֵי יוֹיָדָע בֶּן־אֶלְיָשִׁיב הַכֹּהֵן הַגָּדוֹל חָתָן לְסַנְבַלַּט הַחֹרֹנִי וָאַבְרִיחֵהוּ מֵעָלָי׃ 13.29. זָכְרָה לָהֶם אֱלֹהָי עַל גָּאֳלֵי הַכְּהֻנָּה וּבְרִית הַכְּהֻנָּה וְהַלְוִיִּם׃ 13.23. In those days also saw I the Jews that had married women of Ashdod, of Ammon, and of Moab;" 13.24. and their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod, and could not speak in the Jews’language, but according to the language of each people." 13.25. And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God: ‘Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters for your sons, or for yourselves." 13.26. Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, and he was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel; nevertheless even him did the foreign women cause to sin." 13.27. Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to break faith with our God in marrying foreign women?’" 13.28. And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was son-in-law to Sanballat the Horonite; therefore I chased him from me." 13.29. Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covet of the priesthood, and of the Levites."
2. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 23.27, 25.17-25.26, 26.5-26.18, 42.9, 47.19-47.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

25.17. The wickedness of a wife changes her appearance,and darkens her face like that of a bear. 25.18. Her husband takes his meals among the neighbors,and he cannot help sighing bitterly. 25.19. Any iniquity is insignificant compared to a wifes iniquity;may a sinners lot befall her! 25.21. Do not be ensnared by a womans beauty,and do not desire a woman for her possessions. 25.22. There is wrath and impudence and great disgrace when a wife supports her husband. 25.23. A dejected mind, a gloomy face,and a wounded heart are caused by an evil wife. Drooping hands and weak knees are caused by the wife who does not make her husband happy. 25.24. From a woman sin had its beginning,and because of her we all die. 25.25. Allow no outlet to water,and no boldness of speech in an evil wife. 25.26. If she does not go as you direct,separate her from yourself. 26.5. of three things my heart is afraid,and of a fourth I am frightened:The slander of a city, the gathering of a mob,and false accusation -- all these are worse than death. 26.6. There is grief of heart and sorrow when a wife is envious of a rival, and a tongue-lashing makes it known to all. 26.7. An evil wife is an ox yoke which chafes;taking hold of her is like grasping a scorpion. 26.8. There is great anger when a wife is drunken;she will not hide her shame. 26.9. A wifes harlotry shows in her lustful eyes,and she is known by her eyelids. 26.11. Be on guard against her impudent eye,and do not wonder if she sins against you. 26.12. As a thirsty wayfarer opens his mouth and drinks from any water near him,so will she sit in front of every post and open her quiver to the arrow. 26.13. A wifes charm delights her husband,and her skill puts fat on his bones. 26.14. A silent wife is a gift of the Lord,and there is nothing so precious as a disciplined soul. 26.15. A modest wife adds charm to charm,and no balance can weigh the value of a chaste soul. 26.16. Like the sun rising in the heights of the Lord,so is the beauty of a good wife in her well-ordered home. 26.17. Like the shining lamp on the holy lampstand,so is a beautiful face on a stately figure. 26.18. Like pillars of gold on a base of silver,so are beautiful feet with a steadfast heart. 42.9. A daughter keeps her father secretly wakeful,and worry over her robs him of sleep;when she is young, lest she do not marry,or if married, lest she be hated; 42.9. The glory of the stars is the beauty of heaven,a gleaming array in the heights of the Lord. 47.19. But you laid your loins beside women,and through your body you were brought into subjection.
3. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 2.252-2.253, 8.191-8.194 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.252. Tharbis was the daughter of the king of the Ethiopians: she happened to see Moses as he led the army near the walls, and fought with great courage; and admiring the subtilty of his undertakings, and believing him to be the author of the Egyptians’ success, when they had before despaired of recovering their liberty, and to be the occasion of the great danger the Ethiopians were in, when they had before boasted of their great achievements, she fell deeply in love with him; and upon the prevalancy of that passion, sent to him the most faithful of all her servants to discourse with him about their marriage. 2.253. He thereupon accepted the offer, on condition she would procure the delivering up of the city; and gave her the assurance of an oath to take her to his wife; and that when he had once taken possession of the city, he would not break his oath to her. No sooner was the agreement made, but it took effect immediately; and when Moses had cut off the Ethiopians, he gave thanks to God, and consummated his marriage, and led the Egyptians back to their own land. 8.191. He grew mad in his love of women, and laid no restraint on himself in his lusts; nor was he satisfied with the women of his country alone, but he married many wives out of foreign nations; Sidontans, and Tyrians, and Ammonites, and Edomites; and he transgressed the laws of Moses, which forbade Jews to marry any but those that were of their own people. 8.192. He also began to worship their gods, which he did in order to the gratification of his wives, and out of his affection for them. This very thing our legislator suspected, and so admonished us beforehand, that we should not marry women of other countries, lest we should be entangled with foreign customs, and apostatize from our own; lest we should leave off to honor our own God, and should worship their gods. 8.193. But Solomon was Gllen headlong into unreasonable pleasures, and regarded not those admonitions; for when he had married seven hundred wives, the daughters of princes and of eminent persons, and three hundred concubines, and those besides the king of Egypt’s daughter, he soon was governed by them, till he came to imitate their practices. He was forced to give them this demonstration of his kindness and affection to them, to live according to the laws of their countries. 8.194. And as he grew into years, and his reason became weaker by length of time, it was not sufficient to recall to his mind the institutions of his own country; so he still more and more condemned his own God, and continued to regard the gods that his marriages had introduced;
4. New Testament, Matthew, 5.31-5.32 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.31. It was also said, 'Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce,' 5.32. but I tell you that whoever who puts away his wife, except for the cause of sexual immorality, makes her an adulteress; and whoever marries her when she is put away commits adultery.
5. Ps.-Philo, Biblical Antiquities, 21.1, 44.7, 45.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alien/foreigner, jewish attitudes toward Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
amorites Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
animal life Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
apocrypha Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 130
babylon/babylonians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
babylonia Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 130
ben sira Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 130
bet shammai Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 130
collective humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
elephantine Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 130
ezra-nehemiah Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
flesh Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
idolatry, denounced in jewish texts Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
intermarriage, in post-biblical texts Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
israel Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
jews/judeans/ioudaioi, and intermarriage in post-biblical texts Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
josephus Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
liber antiquitatum biblicarum Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
marriage Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
merciful Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
mortality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
moses Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
physical Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
psychosomatic Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
solomon Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129
solomon (king)' Rosen-Zvi, The Mishnaic Sotah Ritual: Temple, Gender and Midrash (2012) 48
wicked Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
women Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 119
worship/ritual/cult as identity markers, for jews Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 129