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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5833
Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 2.21-2.23


nanNow when God fashioned man, he planted in him emotions and inclinations


nanbut at the same time he enthroned the mind among the senses as a sacred governor over them all.


nanTo the mind he gave the law; and one who lives subject to this will rule a kingdom that is temperate, just, good, and courageous.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

6 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 2.8, 3.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.8. וַיִּטַּע יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים גַּן־בְעֵדֶן מִקֶּדֶם וַיָּשֶׂם שָׁם אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר יָצָר׃ 3.8. וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶת־קוֹל יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִתְהַלֵּךְ בַּגָּן לְרוּחַ הַיּוֹם וַיִּתְחַבֵּא הָאָדָם וְאִשְׁתּוֹ מִפְּנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים בְּתוֹךְ עֵץ הַגָּן׃ 2.8. And the LORD God planted a garden eastward, in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed." 3.8. And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden toward the cool of the day; and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden."
2. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 1.1, 1.17-1.18, 1.33-1.34, 2.5-2.6, 2.8-2.13, 2.22-2.23, 5.16-5.18, 7.19, 9.8, 16.25, 17.5, 17.12, 17.18, 18.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.1. The subject that I am about to discuss is most philosophical, that is, whether devout reason is sovereign over the emotions. So it is right for me to advise you to pay earnest attention to philosophy. 1.17. This, in turn, is education in the law, by which we learn divine matters reverently and human affairs to our advantage. 1.18. Now the kinds of wisdom are rational judgment, justice, courage, and self-control. 1.33. Otherwise how is it that when we are attracted to forbidden foods we abstain from the pleasure to be had from them? Is it not because reason is able to rule over appetites? I for one think so. 1.34. Therefore when we crave seafood and fowl and animals and all sorts of foods that are forbidden to us by the law, we abstain because of domination by reason. 2.5. Thus the law says, "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife...or anything that is your neighbor's. 2.6. In fact, since the law has told us not to covet, I could prove to you all the more that reason is able to control desires. Just so it is with the emotions that hinder one from justice. 2.8. Thus, as soon as a man adopts a way of life in accordance with the law, even though he is a lover of money, he is forced to act contrary to his natural ways and to lend without interest to the needy and to cancel the debt when the seventh year arrives. 2.9. If one is greedy, he is ruled by the law through his reason so that he neither gleans his harvest nor gathers the last grapes from the vineyard. In all other matters we can recognize that reason rules the emotions. 2.10. For the law prevails even over affection for parents, so that virtue is not abandoned for their sakes. 2.11. It is superior to love for one's wife, so that one rebukes her when she breaks the law. 2.12. It takes precedence over love for children, so that one punishes them for misdeeds. 2.13. It is sovereign over the relationship of friends, so that one rebukes friends when they act wickedly. 2.22. but at the same time he enthroned the mind among the senses as a sacred governor over them all. 2.23. To the mind he gave the law; and one who lives subject to this will rule a kingdom that is temperate, just, good, and courageous. 5.16. We, O Antiochus, who have been persuaded to govern our lives by the divine law, think that there is no compulsion more powerful than our obedience to the law. 5.17. Therefore we consider that we should not transgress it in any respect. 5.18. Even if, as you suppose, our law were not truly divine and we had wrongly held it to be divine, not even so would it be right for us to invalidate our reputation for piety. 7.19. ince they believe that they, like our patriarchs Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, do not die to God, but live in God. 9.8. For we, through this severe suffering and endurance, shall have the prize of virtue and shall be with God, for whom we suffer; 16.25. They knew also that those who die for the sake of God live in God, as do Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the patriarchs. 17.5. The moon in heaven, with the stars, does not stand so august as you, who, after lighting the way of your star-like seven sons to piety, stand in honor before God and are firmly set in heaven with them. 17.12. for on that day virtue gave the awards and tested them for their endurance. The prize was immortality in endless life. 17.18. because of which they now stand before the divine throne and live through blessed eternity. 18.23. But the sons of Abraham with their victorious mother are gathered together into the chorus of the fathers, and have received pure and immortal souls from God
3. Philo of Alexandria, On Husbandry, 150-156, 149 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

149. For why, I should say, O most excellent man, do you not think it more proper to summon these men to follow you to the contest of war rather than the others, men who have acquired marriages, and houses, and vineyards, and all other kinds of possessions in abundance? For they will most cheerfully undergo dangers, even if they be altogether most formidable, for the sake of the safety of all these things. Since those men who have none of these things which have been enumerated will be very likely to exhibit indifference and inactivity in the war, as having no very important pledges at stake.
4. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 1.43 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.43. And God planted a paradise in Eden, in the east: and there he placed the man whom he had Formed:" for he called that divine and heavenly wisdom by many names; and he made it manifest that it had many appellations; for he called it the beginning, and the image, and the sight of God. And now he exhibits the wisdom which is conversant about the things of the earth (as being an imitation of this archetypal wisdom), in the plantation of this Paradise. For let not such impiety ever occupy our thoughts as for us to suppose that God cultivates the land and plants paradises, since if we were to do so, we should be presently raising the question of why he does so: for it could not be that he might provide himself with pleasant places of recreation and pastime, or with amusement.
5. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 1.140-1.141 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.141. and, being drunk, he fell asleep, and lay naked in an unseemly manner. When his youngest son saw this, he came laughing, and showed him to his brethren; but they covered their father’s nakedness.
6. Anon., 3 Baruch, 4.8-4.16



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam, earthy intellect/mind Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
adam Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27, 141
andreia Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
antiochus, power struggles of Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
aristotle, pain as an emotion Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
bethulia, people of Gera, Judith (2014) 358
blood Gera, Judith (2014) 358
book of judith, fictionality Gera, Judith (2014) 358
eden Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
eleazar Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
emotion, in the classical world Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
emotion, in the hebrew bible Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
figures of speech, rhetorical question Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
flood (great) Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
food Gera, Judith (2014) 358
god, anger of Gera, Judith (2014) 358
holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 358
human being, creation of Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
hunger Gera, Judith (2014) 358
integrity Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
jerusalem Gera, Judith (2014) 358
judith, deceives and lies Gera, Judith (2014) 358
judith, eloquence and irony Gera, Judith (2014) 358
language and style, book of judith, future forms Gera, Judith (2014) 358
language and style, book of judith, optatives and subjunctives Gera, Judith (2014) 358
language and style, book of judith, syntax Gera, Judith (2014) 358
logic, stoic Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
logos of god, lord name/title of Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
martyrdom, emotions and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
martyrs as gladiators, power-to and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
mind Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
new testament Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
noah Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
pain, emotion and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
paradise Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27, 141
passions, struggle against Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
passions Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
penitence and sins Gera, Judith (2014) 358
philosophy, and ancient judaism Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
phronēsis Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
priests, consecrated food Gera, Judith (2014) 358
reason Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
resistance, emotional Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
resistance, power-to and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
royse, j. Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
sacrifice Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
scripture allegorical interpretation, deeper meaning Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
scripture allegorical interpretation, literal interpretation Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
scripture allegorical interpretation Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27, 141
senses, five' Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 141
senses, five Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 27
socrates Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
sophia Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
sophrosyne, in martyrdom Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
stoicism, emotional control and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
stoicism Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
sōphrosunē Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
torah, and wisdom Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
virtue Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208
vulgate judith Gera, Judith (2014) 358
water shortage Gera, Judith (2014) 358
wine and drunkenness Gera, Judith (2014) 358
wisdom, in 4 maccabees Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 208