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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5833
Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 17.5-17.6


nanThe moon in heaven, with the stars, does not stand so august as you, who, after lighting the way of your star-like seven sons to piety, stand in honor before God and are firmly set in heaven with them.


nanFor your children were true descendants of father Abraham.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

25 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 5.10, 11.11, 13.16 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.10. Then Tobit said to him, "My brother, to what tribe and family do you belong? Tell me. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father. 13.16. For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 31.21 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

31.21. וְהָיָה כִּי־תִמְצֶאןָ אֹתוֹ רָעוֹת רַבּוֹת וְצָרוֹת וְעָנְתָה הַשִּׁירָה הַזֹּאת לְפָנָיו לְעֵד כִּי לֹא תִשָּׁכַח מִפִּי זַרְעוֹ כִּי יָדַעְתִּי אֶת־יִצְרוֹ אֲשֶׁר הוּא עֹשֶׂה הַיּוֹם בְּטֶרֶם אֲבִיאֶנּוּ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבָּעְתִּי׃ 31.21. then it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are come upon them, that this song shall testify before them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed; for I know their imagination how they do even now, before I have brought them into the land which I swore.’"
3. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 25.9, 25.40 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

25.9. כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי מַרְאֶה אוֹתְךָ אֵת תַּבְנִית הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְאֵת תַּבְנִית כָּל־כֵּלָיו וְכֵן תַּעֲשׂוּ׃ 25.9. According to all that I show thee, the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the furniture thereof, even so shall ye make it." 25.40. And see that thou make them after their pattern, which is being shown thee in the mount."
4. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 6.23 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.23. כִּי נֵר מִצְוָה וְתוֹרָה אוֹר וְדֶרֶךְ חַיִּים תּוֹכְחוֹת מוּסָר׃ 6.23. For the commandment is a lamp, and the teaching is light, And reproofs of instruction are the way of life;"
5. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 4.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.9. הִתְחַזְּקוּ וִהְיוּ לַאֲנָשִׁים פְּלִשְׁתִּים פֶּן תַּעַבְדוּ לָעִבְרִים כַּאֲשֶׁר עָבְדוּ לָכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם לַאֲנָשִׁים וְנִלְחַמְתֶּם׃ 4.9. Strengthen yourselves and act like men, O Pelishtim, lest you fall slaves to the Hebrews, as they have been slaves to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight."
6. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 45.6-45.7, 48.15-48.20 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

45.6. וַאֲחֻזַּת הָעִיר תִּתְּנוּ חֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים רֹחַב וְאֹרֶךְ חֲמִשָּׁה וְעֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף לְעֻמַּת תְּרוּמַת הַקֹּדֶשׁ לְכָל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל יִהְיֶה׃ 45.7. וְלַנָּשִׂיא מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה לִתְרוּמַת הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְלַאֲחֻזַּת הָעִיר אֶל־פְּנֵי תְרוּמַת־הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְאֶל־פְּנֵי אֲחֻזַּת הָעִיר מִפְּאַת־יָם יָמָּה וּמִפְּאַת־קֵדְמָה קָדִימָה וְאֹרֶךְ לְעֻמּוֹת אַחַד הַחֲלָקִים מִגְּבוּל יָם אֶל־גְּבוּל קָדִימָה׃ 48.15. וַחֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים הַנּוֹתָר בָּרֹחַב עַל־פְּנֵי חֲמִשָּׁה וְעֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף חֹל־הוּא לָעִיר לְמוֹשָׁב וּלְמִגְרָשׁ וְהָיְתָה הָעִיר בתוכה [בְּתוֹכוֹ׃] 48.16. וְאֵלֶּה מִדּוֹתֶיהָ פְּאַת צָפוֹן חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים וּפְאַת־נֶגֶב חֲמֵשׁ חמש מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים וּמִפְּאַת קָדִים חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים וּפְאַת־יָמָּה חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים׃ 48.17. וְהָיָה מִגְרָשׁ לָעִיר צָפוֹנָה חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתַיִם וְנֶגְבָּה חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתָיִם וְקָדִימָה חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתַיִם וְיָמָּה חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתָיִם׃ 48.18. וְהַנּוֹתָר בָּאֹרֶךְ לְעֻמַּת תְּרוּמַת הַקֹּדֶשׁ עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים קָדִימָה וַעֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים יָמָּה וְהָיָה לְעֻמַּת תְּרוּמַת הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְהָיְתָה תבואתה [תְבוּאָתוֹ] לְלֶחֶם לְעֹבְדֵי הָעִיר׃ 48.19. וְהָעֹבֵד הָעִיר יַעַבְדוּהוּ מִכֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 45.6. And ye shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand long, side by side with the offering of the holy portion; it shall be for the whole house of Israel." 45.7. And for the prince, on the one side and on the other side of the holy offering and of the possession of the city, in front of the holy offering and in front of the possession of the city, on the west side westward, and on the east side eastward; and in length answerable unto one of the portions, from the west border unto the east border" 48.15. And the five thousand that are left in the breadth, in front of the five and twenty thousand, shall be for common use, for the city, for dwelling and for open land; and the city shall be in the midst thereof." 48.16. And these shall be the measures thereof: the north side four thousand and five hundred, and the south side four thousand and five hundred, and on the east side four thousand and five hundred, and the west side four thousand and five hundred." 48.17. And the city shall have open land: toward the north two hundred and fifty, and toward the south two hundred and fifty, and toward the east two hundred and fifty, and toward the west two hundred and fifty." 48.18. And the residue in the length, answerable unto the holy offering, shall be ten thousand eastward, and ten thousand westward; and it shall be answerable unto the holy offering; and the increase thereof shall be for food unto them that serve the city." 48.19. And they that serve the city, out of all the tribes of Israel, shall till it." 48.20. All the offering shall be five and twenty thousand by five and twenty thousand; ye shall set apart the holy offering foursquare, with the possession of the city."
7. Septuagint, Tobit, 5.10, 11.11, 13.16 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.10. Then Tobit said to him, "My brother, to what tribe and family do you belong? Tell me. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father. 13.16. For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold.
8. Anon., 1 Enoch, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 8.4, 90.29, 91.11, 91.12, 91.13, 91.14, 91.15, 91.16, 91.17, 98.3, 98.10, 102.4-104.8, 103.1, 104.1, 104.2, 104.6, 108.3, 108.7 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

9. Anon., Testament of Dan, 5.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Dead Sea Scrolls, 5Q15, 0 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

11. Septuagint, Judith, 11.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

11.1. Then Holofernes said to her, "Take courage, woman, and do not be afraid in your heart, for I have never hurt any one who chose to serve Nebuchadnezzar, the king of all the earth.
12. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 9.8, 18.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

9.8. Thou hast given command to build a temple on thy holy mountain,and an altar in the city of thy habitation,a copy of the holy tent which thou didst prepare from the beginning. 18.4. For their enemies deserved to be deprived of light and imprisoned in darkness,those who had kept thy sons imprisoned,through whom the imperishable light of the law was to be given to the world.
13. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 2.21-2.23, 7.19, 9.8, 9.22, 16.25, 17.4, 17.6-17.7, 17.9-17.16, 17.18, 18.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.21. Now when God fashioned man, he planted in him emotions and inclinations 2.22. but at the same time he enthroned the mind among the senses as a sacred governor over them all. 2.23. To the mind he gave the law; and one who lives subject to this will rule a kingdom that is temperate, just, good, and courageous. 7.19. ince they believe that they, like our patriarchs Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, do not die to God, but live in God. 9.8. For we, through this severe suffering and endurance, shall have the prize of virtue and shall be with God, for whom we suffer; 9.22. but as though transformed by fire into immortality he nobly endured the rackings. 16.25. They knew also that those who die for the sake of God live in God, as do Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the patriarchs. 17.4. Take courage, therefore, O holy-minded mother, maintaining firm an enduring hope in God. 17.6. For your children were true descendants of father Abraham. 17.7. If it were possible for us to paint the history of your piety as an artist might, would not those who first beheld it have shuddered as they saw the mother of the seven children enduring their varied tortures to death for the sake of religion? 17.9. Here lie buried an aged priest and an aged woman and seven sons, because of the violence of the tyrant who wished to destroy the way of life of the Hebrews. 17.10. They vindicated their nation, looking to God and enduring torture even to death. 17.11. Truly the contest in which they were engaged was divine 17.12. for on that day virtue gave the awards and tested them for their endurance. The prize was immortality in endless life. 17.13. Eleazar was the first contestant, the mother of the seven sons entered the competition, and the brothers contended. 17.14. The tyrant was the antagonist, and the world and the human race were the spectators. 17.15. Reverence for God was victor and gave the crown to its own athletes. 17.16. Who did not admire the athletes of the divine legislation? Who were not amazed? 17.18. because of which they now stand before the divine throne and live through blessed eternity. 18.23. But the sons of Abraham with their victorious mother are gathered together into the chorus of the fathers, and have received pure and immortal souls from God
14. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 5.420-5.427 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

5.420. 420 Cyme's rough populace and shameless tribe 5.421. Having a sign, shall know for what they toiled. 5.422. And then, when they shall have bewailed their land 5.423. Reduced to ashes, by Eridanu 5.424. Shall Lesbos be forever overthrown. 5.425. 425 Alas, Corcyra, city beautiful 5.426. Alas for thee, cease from thy revelry. 5.427. Thou also, Hierapolis, sole land
15. Philo of Alexandria, Questions On Exodus, 40 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

16. Anon., 2 Baruch, 4.1-4.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

17. Ignatius, To Polycarp, 3.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.1. Let not those that seem to be plausible and yet teach strange doctrine dismay thee. Stand thou firm, as an anvil when it is smitten. It is the part of a great athlete to receive blows and be victorious. But especially must we for God's sake endure all things, that He also may endure us. 3.1. For I know and believe that He was in the flesh even after the resurrection;
18. New Testament, 1 Peter, 2.18-2.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.18. Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the wicked. 2.19. For it is commendable if someone endures pain, suffering unjustly, because of conscience toward God.
19. New Testament, Romans, 8.18-8.22 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8.18. For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which will be revealed toward us. 8.19. For the creation waits with eager expectation for the sons of God to be revealed. 8.20. For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 8.21. that the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of decay into the liberty of the glory of the children of God. 8.22. For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now.
20. New Testament, Luke, 21.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

21.19. By your endurance you will win your lives.
21. Suetonius, Augustus, 100.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

22. Cassius Dio, Roman History, 56.46.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

56.46.2.  they also permitted her to employ a lictor when she exercised her sacred office. On her part, she bestowed a million sesterces upon a certain Numerius Atticus, a senator and ex-praetor, because he swore that he had seen Augustus ascending to heaven after the manner of which tradition tells concerning Proculus and Romulus.
23. Philostratus The Athenian, Life of Apollonius, 8.30 (2nd cent. CE

8.30. Now there are some who relate that he died in Ephesus, tended by two maid servants; for the freedmen of whom I spoke at the beginning of my story were already dead. One of these maids he emancipated, and was blamed by the other one for not conferring the same privilege upon her, but Apollonius told her that it was better for her to remain the other's slave, for that would be the beginning of her well-being. Accordingly after his death this one continued to be the slave of the other, who for some insignificant reason sold her to a merchant, from whom she was purchased. Her new master, although she was not good-looking, nevertheless fell in love with her; and being a fairly rich man, made her his legal wife and had legitimate children with her. Others again say that he died in Lindus, where he entered the sanctuary of Athena and disappeared within it. Others again say that he died in Crete in a much more remarkable manner than the people of Lindus relate. For they say that he continued to live in Crete, where he became a greater center of admiration than ever before, and that he came to the sanctuary of Dictynna late at night. Now this sanctuary is guarded by dogs, whose duty it is to watch over the wealth deposited in it, and the Cretans claim that they are as good as bears or any other animals equally fierce. None the less, when he came, instead of barking, they approached him and fawned upon him, as they would not have done even with people they knew familiarly. The guardians of the shrine arrested him in consequence, and threw him in bonds as a wizard and a robber, accusing him of having thrown to the dogs some charmed morsel. But about midnight he loosened his bonds, and after calling those who had bound him, in order that they might witness the spectacle, he ran to the doors of the sanctuary, which opened wide to receive him; and when he had passed within, they closed afresh, as they had been shut, and there was heard a chorus of maidens singing from within the doors, and their song was this. Hasten thou from earth, hasten thou to Heaven, hasten. In other words: Do thou go upwards from earth.
24. Anon., 4 Ezra, 7.26, 8.52, 10.20-10.29, 10.42, 10.44, 10.54, 13.36

7.26. For behold, the time will come, when the signs which I have foretold to you will come to pass, that the city which now is not seen shall appear, and the land which now is hidden shall be disclosed. 8.52. because it is for you that paradise is opened, the tree of life is planted, the age to come is prepared, plenty is provided, a city is built, rest is appointed, goodness is established and wisdom perfected beforehand. 10.20. Do not say that, but let yourself be persuaded because of the troubles of Zion, and be consoled because of the sorrow of Jerusalem. 10.21. For you see that our sanctuary has been laid waste, our altar thrown down, our temple destroyed; 10.22. our harp has been laid low, our song has been silenced, and our rejoicing has been ended; the light of our lampstand has been put out, the ark of our covet has been plundered, our holy things have been polluted, and the name by which we are called has been profaned; our free men have suffered abuse, our priests have been burned to death, our Levites have gone into captivity, our virgins have been defiled, and our wives have been ravished; our righteous men have been carried off, our little ones have been cast out, our young men have been enslaved and our strong men made powerless. 10.23. And, what is more than all, the seal of Zion -- for she has now lost the seal of her glory, and has been given over into the hands of those that hate us. 10.24. Therefore shake off your great sadness and lay aside your many sorrows, so that the Mighty One may be merciful to you again, and the Most High may give you rest, a relief from your troubles. 10.25. While I was talking to her, behold, her face suddenly shone exceedingly, and her countece flashed like lightning, so that I was too frightened to approach her, and my heart was terrified. While I was wondering what this meant 10.26. behold, she suddenly uttered a loud and fearful cry, so that the earth shook at the sound. 10.27. And I looked, and behold, the woman was no longer visible to me, but there was an established city, and a place of huge foundations showed itself. Then I was afraid, and cried with a loud voice and said 10.28. Where is the angel Uriel, who came to me at first? For it was he who brought me into this overpowering bewilderment; my end has become corruption, and my prayer a reproach. 10.29. As I was speaking these words, behold, the angel who had come to me at first came to me, and he looked upon me; 10.42. but you do not now see the form of a woman, but an established city has appeared to you -- 10.44. This woman whom you saw, whom you now behold as an established city, is Zion. 10.54. for no work of man's building could endure in a place where the city of the Most High was to be revealed. 13.36. And Zion will come and be made manifest to all people, prepared and built, as you saw the mountain carved out without hands.
25. Anon., 4 Baruch, 9.5

9.5. And may Michael, archangel of righteousness, who opens the gates to the righteous, be my guardian (?) until he causes the righteous to enter.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abimelech/ebed-melech, sleep of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
abimelech/ebed-melech Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
age/era, present Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
and thecla Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 239
antiochus, power struggles of Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
archangel Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
aristotle, pain as an emotion Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
ascent, goals of Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
ascent, rituals Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
ascent, texts Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
cosmology, late antique Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
daniel stories, in 4 maccabees Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 370
deification, by ascent Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
divinization, by ascent Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
divinization, of roman emperors Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
emotion, in the classical world Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
emotion, in the hebrew bible Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
eschatology/eschatological, punishment/destruction Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
god, great one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
heavens, windows/gates of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
hope/hopelessness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
hymns Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
immortality Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
life after death Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
light Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
lights, of heaven Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
martyrdom, emotions and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
martyrs as gladiators, power-to and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
michael Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
moses Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
mother and seven sons, immortality as reward Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 370
pain, emotion and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
passion Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 239
philip Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 239
philo Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
posthumous vindication, afterlife or immortality in heaven Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 370
prayer Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
resistance, emotional Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
resistance, power-to and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
righteousness/the righteous/the just Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
ritual, efficacy of Janowitz, Icons of Power: Ritual Practices in Late Antiquity (2002b) 65
shame Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
sophrosyne, in martyrdom Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
stoicism, emotional control and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 38
tablets, heavenly' Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
temple in jerusalem, altar of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
temple in jerusalem Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
thecla Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 239
torah Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255
women martyrs Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 239
zion Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 255