Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5833
Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 15.29-15.30


nanO mother of the nation, vindicator of the law and champion of religion, who carried away the prize of the contest in your heart!


nanO more noble than males in steadfastness, and more manly than men in endurance!


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

8 results
1. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 6.20, 7.20-7.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.20. as men ought to go who have the courage to refuse things that it is not right to taste, even for the natural love of life.' 7.20. The mother was especially admirable and worthy of honorable memory. Though she saw her seven sons perish within a single day, she bore it with good courage because of her hope in the Lord.' 7.21. She encouraged each of them in the language of their fathers. Filled with a noble spirit, she fired her woman's reasoning with a man's courage, and said to them,'
2. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 44.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 1.1-1.12, 1.20-1.24, 6.28-6.29, 7.18-7.23, 9.6-9.10, 9.12-9.15, 9.17-9.21, 10.11, 11.24, 12.12, 13.12-13.15, 13.17, 13.19-13.22, 14.20, 15.23, 15.30, 17.1, 17.6, 17.9-17.12, 18.6-18.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.1. The subject that I am about to discuss is most philosophical, that is, whether devout reason is sovereign over the emotions. So it is right for me to advise you to pay earnest attention to philosophy. 1.2. For the subject is essential to everyone who is seeking knowledge, and in addition it includes the praise of the highest virtue -- I mean, of course, rational judgment. 1.3. If, then, it is evident that reason rules over those emotions that hinder self-control, namely, gluttony and lust 1.4. it is also clear that it masters the emotions that hinder one from justice, such as malice, and those that stand in the way of courage, namely anger, fear, and pain. 1.5. Some might perhaps ask, "If reason rules the emotions, why is it not sovereign over forgetfulness and ignorance?" Their attempt at argument is ridiculous! 1.6. For reason does not rule its own emotions, but those that are opposed to justice, courage, and self-control; and it is not for the purpose of destroying them, but so that one may not give way to them. 1.7. I could prove to you from many and various examples that reason is domit over the emotions 1.8. but I can demonstrate it best from the noble bravery of those who died for the sake of virtue, Eleazar and the seven brothers and their mother. 1.9. All of these, by despising sufferings that bring death, demonstrated that reason controls the emotions. 1.10. On this anniversary it is fitting for me to praise for their virtues those who, with their mother, died for the sake of nobility and goodness, but I would also call them blessed for the honor in which they are held. 1.11. For all people, even their torturers, marveled at their courage and endurance, and they became the cause of the downfall of tyranny over their nation. By their endurance they conquered the tyrant, and thus their native land was purified through them. 1.12. I shall shortly have an opportunity to speak of this; but, as my custom is, I shall begin by stating my main principle, and then I shall turn to their story, giving glory to the all-wise God. 1.20. The two most comprehensive types of the emotions are pleasure and pain; and each of these is by nature concerned with both body and soul. 1.21. The emotions of both pleasure and pain have many consequences. 1.22. Thus desire precedes pleasure and delight follows it. 1.23. Fear precedes pain and sorrow comes after. 1.24. Anger, as a man will see if he reflects on this experience, is an emotion embracing pleasure and pain. 6.28. Be merciful to your people, and let our punishment suffice for them. 6.29. Make my blood their purification, and take my life in exchange for theirs. 7.18. But as many as attend to religion with a whole heart, these alone are able to control the passions of the flesh 7.19. ince they believe that they, like our patriarchs Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, do not die to God, but live in God. 7.20. No contradiction therefore arises when some persons appear to be dominated by their emotions because of the weakness of their reason. 7.21. What person who lives as a philosopher by the whole rule of philosophy, and trusts in God 7.22. and knows that it is blessed to endure any suffering for the sake of virtue, would not be able to overcome the emotions through godliness? 7.23. For only the wise and courageous man is lord of his emotions. 9.6. And if the aged men of the Hebrews because of their religion lived piously while enduring torture, it would be even more fitting that we young men should die despising your coercive tortures, which our aged instructor also overcame. 9.7. Therefore, tyrant, put us to the test; and if you take our lives because of our religion, do not suppose that you can injure us by torturing us. 9.8. For we, through this severe suffering and endurance, shall have the prize of virtue and shall be with God, for whom we suffer; 9.9. but you, because of your bloodthirstiness toward us, will deservedly undergo from the divine justice eternal torment by fire. 9.10. When they had said these things the tyrant not only was angry, as at those who are disobedient, but also was enraged, as at those who are ungrateful. 9.12. When they had worn themselves out beating him with scourges, without accomplishing anything, they placed him upon the wheel. 9.13. When the noble youth was stretched out around this, his limbs were dislocated 9.14. and though broken in every member he denounced the tyrant, saying 9.15. Most abominable tyrant, enemy of heavenly justice, savage of mind, you are mangling me in this manner, not because I am a murderer, or as one who acts impiously, but because I protect the divine law. 9.17. he replied, "You abominable lackeys, your wheel is not so powerful as to strangle my reason. Cut my limbs, burn my flesh, and twist my joints. 9.18. Through all these tortures I will convince you that sons of the Hebrews alone are invincible where virtue is concerned. 9.19. While he was saying these things, they spread fire under him, and while fanning the flames they tightened the wheel further. 9.20. The wheel was completely smeared with blood, and the heap of coals was being quenched by the drippings of gore, and pieces of flesh were falling off the axles of the machine. 9.21. Although the ligaments joining his bones were already severed, the courageous youth, worthy of Abraham, did not groan 10.11. but you, because of your impiety and bloodthirstiness, will undergo unceasing torments. 11.24. We six boys have paralyzed your tyranny! 12.12. Because of this, justice has laid up for you intense and eternal fire and tortures, and these throughout all time will never let you go. 13.12. and another reminded them, "Remember whence you came, and the father by whose hand Isaac would have submitted to being slain for the sake of religion. 13.13. Each of them and all of them together looking at one another, cheerful and undaunted, said, "Let us with all our hearts consecrate ourselves to God, who gave us our lives, and let us use our bodies as a bulwark for the law. 13.14. Let us not fear him who thinks he is killing us 13.15. for great is the struggle of the soul and the danger of eternal torment lying before those who transgress the commandment of God. 13.17. For if we so die, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob will welcome us, and all the fathers will praise us. 13.19. You are not ignorant of the affection of brotherhood, which the divine and all-wise Providence has bequeathed through the fathers to their descendants and which was implanted in the mother's womb. 13.20. There each of the brothers dwelt the same length of time and was shaped during the same period of time; and growing from the same blood and through the same life, they were brought to the light of day. 13.21. When they were born after an equal time of gestation, they drank milk from the same fountains. For such embraces brotherly-loving souls are nourished; 13.22. and they grow stronger from this common nurture and daily companionship, and from both general education and our discipline in the law of God. 14.20. But sympathy for her children did not sway the mother of the young men; she was of the same mind as Abraham. 15.23. But devout reason, giving her heart a man's courage in the very midst of her emotions, strengthened her to disregard her temporal love for her children. 15.30. O more noble than males in steadfastness, and more manly than men in endurance! 17.1. Some of the guards said that when she also was about to be seized and put to death she threw herself into the flames so that no one might touch her body. 17.6. For your children were true descendants of father Abraham. 17.9. Here lie buried an aged priest and an aged woman and seven sons, because of the violence of the tyrant who wished to destroy the way of life of the Hebrews. 17.10. They vindicated their nation, looking to God and enduring torture even to death. 17.11. Truly the contest in which they were engaged was divine 17.12. for on that day virtue gave the awards and tested them for their endurance. The prize was immortality in endless life. 18.6. The mother of seven sons expressed also these principles to her children: 18.7. I was a pure virgin and did not go outside my father's house; but I guarded the rib from which woman was made. 18.8. No seducer corrupted me on a desert plain, nor did the destroyer, the deceitful serpent, defile the purity of my virginity. 18.9. In the time of my maturity I remained with my husband, and when these sons had grown up their father died. A happy man was he, who lived out his life with good children, and did not have the grief of bereavement. 18.10. While he was still with you, he taught you the law and the prophets. 18.11. He read to you about Abel slain by Cain, and Isaac who was offered as a burnt offering, and of Joseph in prison. 18.12. He told you of the zeal of Phineas, and he taught you about Haiah, Azariah, and Mishael in the fire. 18.13. He praised Daniel in the den of the lions and blessed him. 18.14. He reminded you of the scripture of Isaiah, which says, `Even though you go through the fire, the flame shall not consume you.' 18.15. He sang to you songs of the psalmist David, who said, `Many are the afflictions of the righteous.' 18.16. He recounted to you Solomon's proverb, `There is a tree of life for those who do his will.' 18.17. He confirmed the saying of Ezekiel, `Shall these dry bones live?' 18.18. For he did not forget to teach you the song that Moses taught, which says 18.19. `I kill and I make alive: this is your life and the length of your days.'
4. New Testament, Acts, 5.41 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.41. They therefore departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer dishonor for Jesus' name.
5. New Testament, Colossians, 2.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.15. having stripped the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
6. New Testament, Romans, 2.28-2.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.28. For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh; 2.29. but he is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not from men, but from God.
7. New Testament, John, 8.39, 19.25-19.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8.39. They answered him, "Our father is Abraham."Jesus said to them, "If you were Abraham's children, you would do the works of Abraham. 19.25. But there were standing by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 19.26. Therefore when Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, "Woman, behold your son! 19.27. Then he said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From that hour, the disciple took her to his own home.
8. New Testament, Luke, 2.35, 3.8, 24.44 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.35. Yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul, that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed. 3.8. Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and don't begin to say among yourselves, 'We have Abraham for our father;' for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones! 24.44. He said to them, "This is what I told you, while I was still with you, that all things which are written in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning me must be fulfilled.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham, faithfulness of Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
abraham, obedience of Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
abraham Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 206
antiochus Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 206
antiochus epiphanes Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
ben sira Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
body, in jewish sources Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
body Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
circumcision Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
eleazar Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 206
endurance, in 2 maccabees and 4 maccabees Ashbrook Harvey et al., A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer (2015) 126
endurance, of mother of jewish martyrs Ashbrook Harvey et al., A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer (2015) 126
food Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
gender, in jewish views Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
gender Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
jesus Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 206
martyrdom Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
mothers, endurance of Ashbrook Harvey et al., A Most Reliable Witness: Essays in Honor of Ross Shepard Kraemer (2015) 126
neusner, j. Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
new testament' Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 206
philo Kessler, Bound by the Bible: Jews, Christians and the Sacrifice of Isaac (2004) 58
women, in jewish sources Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
women Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196