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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5833
Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 13.19-13.22


nanYou are not ignorant of the affection of brotherhood, which the divine and all-wise Providence has bequeathed through the fathers to their descendants and which was implanted in the mother's womb.


nanThere each of the brothers dwelt the same length of time and was shaped during the same period of time; and growing from the same blood and through the same life, they were brought to the light of day.


nanWhen they were born after an equal time of gestation, they drank milk from the same fountains. For such embraces brotherly-loving souls are nourished;


nanand they grow stronger from this common nurture and daily companionship, and from both general education and our discipline in the law of God.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

18 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 16.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.15. וַיִּחַר לְמֹשֶׁה מְאֹד וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־יְהוָה אַל־תֵּפֶן אֶל־מִנְחָתָם לֹא חֲמוֹר אֶחָד מֵהֶם נָשָׂאתִי וְלֹא הֲרֵעֹתִי אֶת־אַחַד מֵהֶם׃ 16.15. And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the LORD: ‘Respect not thou their offering; I have not taken one ass from them, neither have I hurt one of them.’"
2. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 15.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

15.3. מְאוֹר־עֵינַיִם יְשַׂמַּח־לֵב שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה תְּדַשֶּׁן־עָצֶם׃ 15.3. בְּכָל־מָקוֹם עֵינֵי יְהוָה צֹפוֹת רָעִים וטוֹבִים׃ 15.3. The eyes of the LORD are in every place, Keeping watch upon the evil and the good."
3. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 90.8, 139.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

90.8. שת [שַׁתָּה] עֲוֺנֹתֵינוּ לְנֶגְדֶּךָ עֲלֻמֵנוּ לִמְאוֹר פָּנֶיךָ׃ 139.3. אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרִיתָ וְכָל־דְּרָכַי הִסְכַּנְתָּה׃ 90.8. Thou hast set our iniquities before Thee, Our secret sins in the light of Thy countece." 139.3. Thou measurest my going about and my lying down, And art acquainted with all my ways."
4. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 23.23-23.24, 32.19 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

23.23. הַאֱלֹהֵי מִקָּרֹב אָנִי נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְלֹא אֱלֹהֵי מֵרָחֹק׃ 23.24. אִם־יִסָּתֵר אִישׁ בַּמִּסְתָּרִים וַאֲנִי לֹא־אֶרְאֶנּוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָה הֲלוֹא אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲנִי מָלֵא נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 32.19. גְּדֹל הָעֵצָה וְרַב הָעֲלִילִיָּה אֲשֶׁר־עֵינֶיךָ פְקֻחוֹת עַל־כָּל־דַּרְכֵי בְּנֵי אָדָם לָתֵת לְאִישׁ כִּדְרָכָיו וְכִפְרִי מַעֲלָלָיו׃ 23.23. Am I a God near at hand, saith the LORD, And not a God afar off?" 23.24. Can any hide himself in secret places That I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? Saith the LORD." 32.19. great in counsel, and mighty in work; whose eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men, to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings;"
5. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

901d. First, you both assert that the gods know and hear and see all things, and that nothing of all that is apprehended by senses or sciences can escape their notice; do you assert that this is so, or what? Clin. That is what we assert. Ath. And further, that they can do all that can be done by mortal or immortal? Clin. They will, of course, admit that this also is the case.
6. Plato, Timaeus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Xenophon, Memoirs, 1.1.19, 1.4.18 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.1.19. For, like most men, indeed, he believed that the gods are heedful of mankind, but with an important difference; for whereas they do not believe in the omniscience of the gods, Socrates thought that they know all things, our words and deeds and secret purposes; that they are present everywhere, and grant signs to men of all that concerns man. IV. iii, 2; Cyropaedia I. vi. 46. 1.4.18. Nay, but just as by serving men you find out who is willing to serve you in return, by being kind who will be kind to you in return, and by taking counsel, discover the masters of thought, so try the gods by serving them, and see whether they will vouchsafe to counsel you in matters hidden from man. Then you will know that such is the greatness and such the nature of the deity that he sees all things Cyropaedia VIII. vii. 22. and hears all things alike, and is present in all places and heedful of all things.
8. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 6.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.19. אֱדַיִן אֲזַל מַלְכָּא לְהֵיכְלֵהּ וּבָת טְוָת וְדַחֲוָן לָא־הַנְעֵל קָדָמוֹהִי וְשִׁנְתֵּהּ נַדַּת עֲלוֹהִי׃ 6.19. Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting; neither were diversions brought before him; and his sleep fled from him."
9. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 4.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.6. For he saw that without the king's attention public affairs could not again reach a peaceful settlement, and that Simon would not stop his folly.'
10. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 17.2, 17.19, 17.22-17.23, 39.16-39.35 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

17.2. He gave to men few days, a limited time,but granted them authority over the things upon the earth. 17.2. Their iniquities are not hidden from him,and all their sins are before the Lord. 17.19. All their works are as the sun before him,and his eyes are continually upon their ways. 17.22. A mans almsgiving is like a signet with the Lord and he will keep a persons kindness like the apple of his eye. 17.23. Afterward he will arise and requite them,and he will bring their recompense on their heads. 39.16. All things are the works of the Lord, for they are very good,and whatever he commands will be done in his time. 39.17. No one can say, "What is this?" "Why is that?" for in Gods time all things will be sought after. At his word the waters stood in a heap,and the reservoirs of water at the word of his mouth. 39.18. At his command whatever pleases him is done,and none can limit his saving power. 39.19. The works of all flesh are before him,and nothing can be hid from his eyes. 39.21. No one can say, "What is this?" "Why is that?" for everything has been created for its use. 39.22. His blessing covers the dry land like a river,and drenches it like a flood. 39.23. The nations will incur his wrath,just as he turns fresh water into salt. 39.24. To the holy his ways are straight,just as they are obstacles to the wicked. 39.25. From the beginning good things were created for good people,just as evil things for sinners. 39.26. Basic to all the needs of mans life are water and fire and iron and salt and wheat flour and milk and honey,the blood of the grape, and oil and clothing. 39.27. All these are for good to the godly,just as they turn into evils for sinners. 39.28. There are winds that have been created for vengeance,and in their anger they scourge heavily;in the time of consummation they will pour out their strength and calm the anger of their Maker. 39.29. Fire and hail and famine and pestilence,all these have been created for vengeance; 39.31. they will rejoice in his commands,and be made ready on earth for their service,and when their times come they will not transgress his word. 39.32. Therefore from the beginning I have been convinced,and have thought this out and left it in writing: 39.33. The works of the Lord are all good,and he will supply every need in its hour. 39.34. And no one can say, "This is worse than that," for all things will prove good in their season. 39.35. So now sing praise with all your heart and voice,and bless the name of the Lord.
11. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 6.7, 14.3, 17.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6.7. For the Lord of all will not stand in awe of any one,nor show deference to greatness;because he himself made both small and great,and he takes thought for all alike. 14.3. but it is thy providence, O Father, that steers its course,because thou hast given it a path in the sea,and a safe way through the waves 17.2. For when lawless men supposed that they held the holy nation in their power,they themselves lay as captives of darkness and prisoners of long night,shut in under their roofs, exiles from eternal providence.
12. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 1.20-1.24, 7.18, 9.24, 13.13, 13.16-13.17, 13.20-13.23, 15.29-15.30, 17.1, 17.9-17.12, 17.22, 18.6-18.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.20. The two most comprehensive types of the emotions are pleasure and pain; and each of these is by nature concerned with both body and soul. 1.21. The emotions of both pleasure and pain have many consequences. 1.22. Thus desire precedes pleasure and delight follows it. 1.23. Fear precedes pain and sorrow comes after. 1.24. Anger, as a man will see if he reflects on this experience, is an emotion embracing pleasure and pain. 7.18. But as many as attend to religion with a whole heart, these alone are able to control the passions of the flesh 9.24. Fight the sacred and noble battle for religion. Thereby the just Providence of our ancestors may become merciful to our nation and take vengeance on the accursed tyrant. 13.13. Each of them and all of them together looking at one another, cheerful and undaunted, said, "Let us with all our hearts consecrate ourselves to God, who gave us our lives, and let us use our bodies as a bulwark for the law. 13.16. Therefore let us put on the full armor of self-control, which is divine reason. 13.17. For if we so die, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob will welcome us, and all the fathers will praise us. 13.20. There each of the brothers dwelt the same length of time and was shaped during the same period of time; and growing from the same blood and through the same life, they were brought to the light of day. 13.21. When they were born after an equal time of gestation, they drank milk from the same fountains. For such embraces brotherly-loving souls are nourished; 13.22. and they grow stronger from this common nurture and daily companionship, and from both general education and our discipline in the law of God. 13.23. Therefore, when sympathy and brotherly affection had been so established, the brothers were the more sympathetic to one another. 15.29. O mother of the nation, vindicator of the law and champion of religion, who carried away the prize of the contest in your heart! 15.30. O more noble than males in steadfastness, and more manly than men in endurance! 17.1. Some of the guards said that when she also was about to be seized and put to death she threw herself into the flames so that no one might touch her body. 17.9. Here lie buried an aged priest and an aged woman and seven sons, because of the violence of the tyrant who wished to destroy the way of life of the Hebrews. 17.10. They vindicated their nation, looking to God and enduring torture even to death. 17.11. Truly the contest in which they were engaged was divine 17.12. for on that day virtue gave the awards and tested them for their endurance. The prize was immortality in endless life. 17.22. And through the blood of those devout ones and their death as an expiation, divine Providence preserved Israel that previously had been afflicted. 18.6. The mother of seven sons expressed also these principles to her children: 18.7. I was a pure virgin and did not go outside my father's house; but I guarded the rib from which woman was made. 18.8. No seducer corrupted me on a desert plain, nor did the destroyer, the deceitful serpent, defile the purity of my virginity. 18.9. In the time of my maturity I remained with my husband, and when these sons had grown up their father died. A happy man was he, who lived out his life with good children, and did not have the grief of bereavement. 18.10. While he was still with you, he taught you the law and the prophets. 18.11. He read to you about Abel slain by Cain, and Isaac who was offered as a burnt offering, and of Joseph in prison. 18.12. He told you of the zeal of Phineas, and he taught you about Haiah, Azariah, and Mishael in the fire. 18.13. He praised Daniel in the den of the lions and blessed him. 18.14. He reminded you of the scripture of Isaiah, which says, `Even though you go through the fire, the flame shall not consume you.' 18.15. He sang to you songs of the psalmist David, who said, `Many are the afflictions of the righteous.' 18.16. He recounted to you Solomon's proverb, `There is a tree of life for those who do his will.' 18.17. He confirmed the saying of Ezekiel, `Shall these dry bones live?' 18.18. For he did not forget to teach you the song that Moses taught, which says 18.19. `I kill and I make alive: this is your life and the length of your days.'
13. Septuagint, 3 Maccabees, 4.21, 5.30 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.21. But this was an act of the invincible providence of him who was aiding the Jews from heaven.
14. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 4.42 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.42. When I lived a private quiet life, I left those good things which, by my own diligence, and by thy counsel, I enjoyed with Raguel my father-in-law; and I gave myself up to this people, and underwent many miseries on their account. I also bore great labors at first, in order to obtain liberty for them, and now in order to their preservation; and have always showed myself ready to assist them in every distress of theirs.
15. New Testament, Romans, 2.28-2.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.28. For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh; 2.29. but he is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not from men, but from God.
16. Ps.-Philo, Biblical Antiquities, 21.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

17. Anon., Joseph And Aseneth, 28.11

18. Anon., Letter of Aristeas, 210, 132

132. punishments inflicted by God upon the guilty. For he proved first of all that there is only one God and that his power is manifested throughout the universe, since every place is filled with his sovereignty and none of the things which are wrought in secret by men upon the earth escapes His knowledge. For all that a man does and all that is to come to pass in the future are manifest to


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(dynamis), source Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
(im)mortality Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 279
aristotle, pain as an emotion Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
body, in jewish sources Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196
body Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196
bradley, keith Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 258
breast Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
butler, judith Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 258
children, nourishment/nurture Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
circumcision Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
emotion, in the classical world Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
emotion, in the hebrew bible Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
emotional contagion Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
empathy, association with fear Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
eschatology Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 279
experiencing anothers emotion Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
fear, empathy and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
food Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
gender, in jewish views Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196
gender Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196
gods, philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
gods graciousness, index of references Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95
gods graciousness, nan Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95
gods omniscience Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 118
gods power Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95
hellenism/hellenistic period Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 279
hellenistic world Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95
imperial ideology Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
judaism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
laws Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
love, brotherly Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
love Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
martyrdom, emotional effect on audience Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
martyrdom, emotions and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
martyrs Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
moses Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95, 118
mother, maccabean Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
mother, nurture Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
necessity ἀνάγκη, philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
neusner, j. Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 196
novels, hellenistic, jewish Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195
pain, emotion and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
performative power, emotional contagion and Mermelstein, Power and Emotion in Ancient Judaism: Community and Identity in Formation (2021) 54
philo of alexandria, and hellenistic judaism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
philo of alexandria, on god Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
philo of alexandria Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
predestination (προόρισις), in the septuagint Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
predestination (προόρισις), in wisdom of sirach Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
providence' Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95
religion, archaic forms of Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
religion, axial form of Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
rome, family Penniman, Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity (2017) 59
second-order language Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
separation Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195
septuagint Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 72
stoicism Jonquière, Prayer in Josephus Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2007) 95, 118
theurgy Petersen and van Kooten, Religio-Philosophical Discourses in the Mediterranean World: From Plato, through Jesus, to Late Antiquity (2017) 152
women, in jewish sources Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196
women Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 195, 196