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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 8.31

nanCollecting the arms of the enemy, they stored them all carefully in strategic places, and carried the rest of the spoils to Jerusalem.'

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

11 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 9.10, 9.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.15. וַיִּקָּהֲלוּ היהודיים [הַיְּהוּדִים] אֲשֶׁר־בְּשׁוּשָׁן גַּם בְּיוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר לְחֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר וַיַּהַרְגוּ בְשׁוּשָׁן שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת אִישׁ וּבַבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת־יָדָם׃ 9.10. the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews’enemy, slew they; but on the spoil they laid not their hand." 9.15. And the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men in Shushan; but on the spoil they laid not their hand."
2. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Judges, 11.33 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

11.33. וַיַּכֵּם מֵעֲרוֹעֵר וְעַד־בּוֹאֲךָ מִנִּית עֶשְׂרִים עִיר וְעַד אָבֵל כְּרָמִים מַכָּה גְּדוֹלָה מְאֹד וַיִּכָּנְעוּ בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 11.33. And he smote them from ῾Aro῾er, as far as Minnit, twenty cities, and as far as Avel-keramim, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of ῾Ammon were subdued before the children of Yisra᾽el."
4. Aeschylus, Persians, 470, 481, 422 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

422. φυγῇ δʼ ἀκόσμῳ πᾶσα ναῦς ἠρέσσετο
5. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 2.2-2.5, 3.25, 3.37, 3.42, 4.36, 4.38, 4.59, 5.6, 5.10, 5.13, 5.16-5.17, 5.34, 5.55, 5.61, 5.63, 5.65, 6.1, 6.43-6.46, 7.6, 7.10, 7.27, 7.46, 8.20, 9.19, 9.31, 13.8, 14.8 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.2. He had five sons, John surnamed Gaddi 2.3. Simon called Thassi 2.4. Judas called Maccabeus 2.5. Eleazar called Avaran, and Jonathan called Apphus. 3.25. Then Judas and his brothers began to be feared, and terror fell upon the Gentiles round about them. 3.37. Then the king took the remaining half of his troops and departed from Antioch his capital in the one hundred and forty-seventh year. He crossed the Euphrates river and went through the upper provinces. 3.42. Now Judas and his brothers saw that misfortunes had increased and that the forces were encamped in their territory. They also learned what the king had commanded to do to the people to cause their final destruction. 4.36. Then said Judas and his brothers, "Behold, our enemies are crushed; let us go up to cleanse the sanctuary and dedicate it. 4.38. And they saw the sanctuary desolate, the altar profaned, and the gates burned. In the courts they saw bushes sprung up as in a thicket, or as on one of the mountains. They saw also the chambers of the priests in ruins. 4.59. Then Judas and his brothers and all the assembly of Israel determined that every year at that season the days of dedication of the altar should be observed with gladness and joy for eight days, beginning with the twenty-fifth day of the month of Chislev. 5.6. Then he crossed over to attack the Ammonites, where he found a strong band and many people with Timothy as their leader. 5.10. and sent to Judas and his brothers a letter which said, "The Gentiles around us have gathered together against us to destroy us. 5.13. and all our brethren who were in the land of Tob have been killed; the enemy have captured their wives and children and goods, and have destroyed about a thousand men there. 5.16. When Judas and the people heard these messages, a great assembly was called to determine what they should do for their brethren who were in distress and were being attacked by enemies. 5.17. Then Judas said to Simon his brother, "Choose your men and go and rescue your brethren in Galilee; I and Jonathan my brother will go to Gilead. 5.34. And when the army of Timothy realized that it was Maccabeus, they fled before him, and he dealt them a heavy blow. As many as eight thousand of them fell that day. 5.55. Now while Judas and Jonathan were in Gilead and Simon his brother was in Galilee before Ptolemais 5.61. Thus the people suffered a great rout because, thinking to do a brave deed, they did not listen to Judas and his brothers. 5.63. The man Judas and his brothers were greatly honored in all Israel and among all the Gentiles, wherever their name was heard. 5.65. Then Judas and his brothers went forth and fought the sons of Esau in the land to the south. He struck Hebron and its villages and tore down its strongholds and burned its towers round about. 6.1. King Antiochus was going through the upper provinces when he heard that Elymais in Persia was a city famed for its wealth in silver and gold. 6.43. And Eleazar, called Avaran, saw that one of the beasts was equipped with royal armor. It was taller than all the others, and he supposed that the king was upon it. 6.44. So he gave his life to save his people and to win for himself an everlasting name. 6.45. He courageously ran into the midst of the phalanx to reach it; he killed men right and left, and they parted before him on both sides. 6.46. He got under the elephant, stabbed it from beneath, and killed it; but it fell to the ground upon him and he died. 7.6. And they brought to the king this accusation against the people: "Judas and his brothers have destroyed all your friends, and have driven us out of our land. 7.10. So they marched away and came with a large force into the land of Judah; and he sent messengers to Judas and his brothers with peaceable but treacherous words. 7.27. So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a large force, and treacherously sent to Judas and his brothers this peaceable message 7.46. And men came out of all the villages of Judea round about, and they out-flanked the enemy and drove them back to their pursuers, so that they all fell by the sword; not even one of them was left. 8.20. Judas, who is also called Maccabeus, and his brothers and the people of the Jews have sent us to you to establish alliance and peace with you, that we may be enrolled as your allies and friends. 9.19. Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother and buried him in the tomb of their fathers at Modein 9.31. And Jonathan at that time accepted the leadership and took the place of Judas his brother.
6. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 1.1, 1.8, 2.14, 2.19, 2.20, 2.21, 2.22, 2.23, 4.11, 4.36, 4.38, 5.11-6.11, 5.27, 6.18, 6.18-7.42, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, 8.11, 8.12, 8.13, 8.14, 8.15, 8.16, 8.17, 8.18, 8.19, 8.20, 8.21, 8.22, 8.23, 8.24, 8.25, 8.26, 8.27, 8.28, 8.29, 8.30, 8.32, 8.33, 8.34, 8.35, 8.36, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 9.9, 9.10, 9.11, 9.12, 9.13, 9.14, 9.15, 9.16, 9.17, 9.18, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.11, 10.16, 10.19, 10.21, 10.25, 10.30, 10.33, 10.35, 11.6, 11.7, 11.15, 12.6, 12.8, 12.19, 12.20, 12.24, 12.27, 12.30, 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.12, 14.13, 14.14, 14.15, 14.16, 14.17, 14.18, 14.19, 14.20, 14.21, 14.22, 14.23, 14.24, 14.25, 14.26, 14.27, 14.28, 14.29, 14.30, 14.31, 14.32, 14.33, 14.34, 14.35, 14.36, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5, 15.6, 15.7, 15.8, 15.9, 15.10, 15.11, 15.12, 15.13, 15.14, 15.15, 15.16, 15.17, 15.18, 15.19, 15.20, 15.21, 15.22, 15.23, 15.24, 15.25, 15.26, 15.27, 15.28, 15.29, 15.30, 15.31, 15.32, 15.33, 15.34, 15.35, 15.36, 15.39 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.1. The Jewish brethren in Jerusalem and those in the land of Judea, To their Jewish brethren in Egypt, Greeting, and good peace.'
7. Septuagint, Judith, 4.1, 4.4, 9.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

4.1. By this time the people of Israel living in Judea heard of everything that Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar the king of the Assyrians, had done to the nations, and how he had plundered and destroyed all their temples; 4.4. So they sent to every district of Samaria, and to Kona and Beth-horon and Belmain and Jericho and to Choba and Aesora and the valley of Salem 9.4. and thou gavest their wives for a prey and their daughters to captivity, and all their booty to be divided among thy beloved sons, who were zealous for thee, and abhorred the pollution of their blood, and called on thee for help -- O God, my God, hear me also, a widow.
8. Septuagint, 3 Maccabees, 6.33 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.33. Likewise also the king, after convening a great banquet to celebrate these events, gave thanks to heaven unceasingly and lavishly for the unexpected rescue which he had experienced.
9. Philo of Alexandria, On The Embassy To Gaius, 240, 245, 252-253, 278, 281-283, 288, 291-294, 299, 305, 236 (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)

236. And when we are dead, let this commandment be inscribed over us as an epitaph, 'Let not even God blame us, who have had a due regard to both considerations, pious loyalty towards the emperor and the reverential preservation of our established holy laws.' "And this will be what will be deservedly said of us if we give up our miserable life, holding it in proper contempt.
10. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 15.410-15.420 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.411. but the fourth front of the temple, which was southward, had indeed itself gates in its middle, as also it had the royal cloisters, with three walks, which reached in length from the east valley unto that on the west, for it was impossible it should reach any farther: 15.412. and this cloister deserves to be mentioned better than any other under the sun; for while the valley was very deep, and its bottom could not be seen, if you looked from above into the depth, this further vastly high elevation of the cloister stood upon that height, insomuch that if any one looked down from the top of the battlements, or down both those altitudes, he would be giddy, while his sight could not reach to such an immense depth. 15.413. This cloister had pillars that stood in four rows one over against the other all along, for the fourth row was interwoven into the wall, which [also was built of stone]; and the thickness of each pillar was such, that three men might, with their arms extended, fathom it round, and join their hands again, while its length was twenty-seven feet, with a double spiral at its basis; 15.414. and the number of all the pillars [in that court] was a hundred and sixty-two. Their chapiters were made with sculptures after the Corinthian order, and caused an amazement [to the spectators], by reason of the grandeur of the whole. 15.415. These four rows of pillars included three intervals for walking in the middle of this cloister; two of which walks were made parallel to each other, and were contrived after the same manner; the breadth of each of them was thirty feet, the length was a furlong, and the height fifty feet; but the breadth of the middle part of the cloister was one and a half of the other, and the height was double, for it was much higher than those on each side; 15.416. but the roofs were adorned with deep sculptures in wood, representing many sorts of figures. The middle was much higher than the rest, and the wall of the front was adorned with beams, resting upon pillars, that were interwoven into it, and that front was all of polished stone, insomuch that its fineness, to such as had not seen it, was incredible, and to such as had seen it, was greatly amazing. 15.417. Thus was the first enclosure. In the midst of which, and not far from it, was the second, to be gone up to by a few steps: this was encompassed by a stone wall for a partition, with an inscription, which forbade any foreigner to go in under pain of death. 15.418. Now this inner enclosure had on its southern and northern quarters three gates [equally] distant one from another; but on the east quarter, towards the sun-rising, there was one large gate, through which such as were pure came in, together with their wives; 15.419. but the temple further inward in that gate was not allowed to the women; but still more inward was there a third [court of the] temple, whereinto it was not lawful for any but the priests alone to enter. The temple itself was within this; and before that temple was the altar, upon which we offer our sacrifices and burnt-offerings to God.
11. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 2.350-2.354, 5.198-5.206 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.351. but when you reproach men greatly for small offenses, you excite those whom you reproach to be your adversaries; for this will only make them leave off hurting you privately, and with some degree of modesty, and to lay what you have waste openly. 2.352. Now nothing so much damps the force of strokes as bearing them with patience; and the quietness of those who are injured diverts the injurious persons from afflicting. But let us take it for granted that the Roman ministers are injurious to you, and are incurably severe; yet are they not all the Romans who thus injure you; nor hath Caesar, against whom you are going to make war, injured you: it is not by their command that any wicked governor is sent to you; for they who are in the west cannot see those that are in the east; nor indeed is it easy for them there even to hear what is done in these parts. 2.353. Now it is absurd to make war with a great many for the sake of one: to do so with such mighty people for a small cause; and this when these people are not able to know of what you complain: 2.354. nay, such crimes as we complain of may soon be corrected, for the same procurator will not continue forever; and probable it is that the successors will come with more moderate inclinations. But as for war, if it be once begun, it is not easily laid down again, nor borne without calamities coming therewith. 5.198. whence there were other steps, each of five cubits a piece, that led to the gates, which gates on the north and south sides were eight, on each of those sides four, and of necessity two on the east. For since there was a partition built for the women on that side, as the proper place wherein they were to worship, there was a necessity for a second gate for them: this gate was cut out of its wall, over against the first gate. 5.199. There was also on the other sides one southern and one northern gate, through which was a passage into the court of the women; for as to the other gates, the women were not allowed to pass through them; nor when they went through their own gate could they go beyond their own wall. This place was allotted to the women of our own country, and of other countries, provided they were of the same nation, and that equally. 5.201. 3. Now nine of these gates were on every side covered over with gold and silver, as were the jambs of their doors and their lintels; but there was one gate that was without [the inward court of] the holy house, which was of Corinthian brass, and greatly excelled those that were only covered over with silver and gold. 5.202. Each gate had two doors, whose height was severally thirty cubits, and their breadth fifteen. 5.203. However, they had large spaces within of thirty cubits, and had on each side rooms, and those, both in breadth and in length, built like towers, and their height was above forty cubits. Two pillars did also support these rooms, and were in circumference twelve cubits. 5.204. Now the magnitudes of the other gates were equal one to another; but that over the Corinthian gate, which opened on the east over against the gate of the holy house itself, was much larger; 5.205. for its height was fifty cubits; and its doors were forty cubits; and it was adorned after a most costly manner, as having much richer and thicker plates of silver and gold upon them than the other. These nine gates had that silver and gold poured upon them by Alexander, the father of Tiberius. 5.206. Now there were fifteen steps, which led away from the wall of the court of the women to this greater gate; whereas those that led thither from the other gates were five steps shorter.

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeschylus Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 352
ancestral language' Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 421
andronicus Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 345
antiochus epiphanes Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
antiochus iv epiphanes,death of Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 352
antiochus v eupator Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
antiochus vii sidetes Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 421
army,assyrian,defeated and terrified Gera (2014), Judith, 435
assyrians,court talesnan Gera (2014), Judith, 435
author,of 2 maccabees,lack of interest in military details Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 329
bar-kokhba Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 385
beth- zechariah,battle of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
beth-zur,battle of Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 354
bethulia,army of Gera (2014), Judith, 435
bethulia,people of Gera (2014), Judith, 435
book of judith,geography and movement Gera (2014), Judith, 435
booty and plundering Gera (2014), Judith, 435
devotio Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
diasporan historiography Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 329, 421
eleazar Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
eleazar avaran Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
elymais Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 352
emmaus Gera (2014), Judith, 435
eupolemus Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
hasmonean dynasty Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
hellenistic kings/rulers,antiochus iv epiphanes Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
hellenistic kings/rulers,antiochus v eupator Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
hoba Gera (2014), Judith, 435
hobai Gera (2014), Judith, 435
isaiah Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 352
israelites,attack Gera (2014), Judith, 435
jason (high priest) Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 345
jason of cyrene Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
jerusalem Gera (2014), Judith, 435
judaism,and death Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
judaism,law Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
judas maccabaeus,gods agent Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 385
judas maccabeus Gera (2014), Judith, 435
judea/judah Gera (2014), Judith, 435
judith,rectifies biblical models Gera (2014), Judith, 435
lysias Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 354
menelaus Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 345
merari,measure for measure Gera (2014), Judith, 435
mother and seven sons,as martyrs Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
mother and seven sons Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
motifs (thematic),officials Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 421
motifs (thematic),tit for tat Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 345
nicanor Gera (2014), Judith, 435; Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 40
restoration,temple cult Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
shechem,city and people Gera (2014), Judith, 435
sieges Gera (2014), Judith, 435
simeon,attacks shechem Gera (2014), Judith, 435
temple Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 218
war,attitudes towards Gera (2014), Judith, 435
widows Gera (2014), Judith, 435
xerxes Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 352