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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 12.35-12.36

nanBut a certain Dositheus, one of Bacenor's men, who was on horseback and was a strong man, caught hold of Gorgias, and grasping his cloak was dragging him off by main strength, wishing to take the accursed man alive, when one of the Thracian horsemen bore down upon him and cut off his arm; so Gorgias escaped and reached Marisa.'

nanAs Esdris and his men had been fighting for a long time and were weary, Judas called upon the Lord to show himself their ally and leader in the battle.'

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1. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 5.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.25. They encountered the Nabateans, who met them peaceably and told them all that had happened to their brethren in Gilead:
2. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 2.24-2.31, 3.4, 4.40, 9.29, 10.24, 10.37, 11.1, 11.18, 12.1, 12.8, 12.10-12.34, 12.36-12.45, 13.23, 14.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.24. For considering the flood of numbers involved and the difficulty there is for those who wish to enter upon the narratives of history because of the mass of material,' 2.25. we have aimed to please those who wish to read, to make it easy for those who are inclined to memorize, and to profit all readers.' 2.26. For us who have undertaken the toil of abbreviating, it is no light matter but calls for sweat and loss of sleep,' 2.27. just as it is not easy for one who prepares a banquet and seeks the benefit of others. However, to secure the gratitude of many we will gladly endure the uncomfortable toil,' 2.28. leaving the responsibility for exact details to the compiler, while devoting our effort to arriving at the outlines of the condensation.' 2.29. For as the master builder of a new house must be concerned with the whole construction, while the one who undertakes its painting and decoration has to consider only what is suitable for its adornment, such in my judgment is the case with us.' 2.30. It is the duty of the original historian to occupy the ground and to discuss matters from every side and to take trouble with details,' 2.31. but the one who recasts the narrative should be allowed to strive for brevity of expression and to forego exhaustive treatment. 3.4. But a man named Simon, of the tribe of Benjamin, who had been made captain of the temple, had a disagreement with the high priest about the administration of the city market;' 4.40. And since the crowds were becoming aroused and filled with anger, Lysimachus armed about three thousand men and launched an unjust attack, under the leadership of a certain Auranus, a man advanced in years and no less advanced in folly.' 9.29. And Philip, one of his courtiers, took his body home; then, fearing the son of Antiochus, he betook himself to Ptolemy Philometor in Egypt.' 10.24. Now Timothy, who had been defeated by the Jews before, gathered a tremendous force of mercenaries and collected the cavalry from Asia in no small number. He came on, intending to take Judea by storm.' 10.37. They killed Timothy, who was hidden in a cistern, and his brother Chaereas, and Apollophanes.' 11.1. Very soon after this, Lysias, the king's guardian and kinsman, who was in charge of the government, being vexed at what had happened,' 11.18. I have informed the king of everything that needed to be brought before him, and he has agreed to what was possible.' 12.1. When this agreement had been reached, Lysias returned to the king, and the Jews went about their farming.' 12.8. But learning that the men in Jamnia meant in the same way to wipe out the Jews who were living among them,' 12.10. When they had gone more than a mile from there, on their march against Timothy, not less than five thousand Arabs with five hundred horsemen attacked them.' 12.11. After a hard fight Judas and his men won the victory, by the help of God. The defeated nomads besought Judas to grant them pledges of friendship, promising to give him cattle and to help his people in all other ways.' 12.12. Judas, thinking that they might really be useful in many ways, agreed to make peace with them; and after receiving his pledges they departed to their tents.' 12.13. He also attacked a certain city which was strongly fortified with earthworks and walls, and inhabited by all sorts of Gentiles. Its name was Caspin.' 12.14. And those who were within, relying on the strength of the walls and on their supply of provisions, behaved most insolently toward Judas and his men, railing at them and even blaspheming and saying unholy things.' 12.15. But Judas and his men, calling upon the great Sovereign of the world, who without battering-rams or engines of war overthrew Jericho in the days of Joshua, rushed furiously upon the walls.' 12.16. They took the city by the will of God, and slaughtered untold numbers, so that the adjoining lake, a quarter of a mile wide, appeared to be running over with blood.' 12.17. When they had gone ninety-five miles from there, they came to Charax, to the Jews who are called Toubiani.' 12.18. They did not find Timothy in that region, for he had by then departed from the region without accomplishing anything, though in one place he had left a very strong garrison.' 12.19. Dositheus and Sosipater, who were captains under Maccabeus, marched out and destroyed those whom Timothy had left in the stronghold, more than ten thousand men.' 12.20. But Maccabeus arranged his army in divisions, set men in command of the divisions, and hastened after Timothy, who had with him a hundred and twenty thousand infantry and two thousand five hundred cavalry.' 12.21. When Timothy learned of the approach of Judas, he sent off the women and the children and also the baggage to a place called Carnaim; for that place was hard to besiege and difficult of access because of the narrowness of all the approaches.' 12.22. But when Judas' first division appeared, terror and fear came over the enemy at the manifestation to them of him who sees all things; and they rushed off in flight and were swept on, this way and that, so that often they were injured by their own men and pierced by the points of their swords.' 12.23. And Judas pressed the pursuit with the utmost vigor, putting the sinners to the sword, and destroyed as many as thirty thousand men.' 12.24. Timothy himself fell into the hands of Dositheus and Sosipater and their men. With great guile he besought them to let him go in safety, because he held the parents of most of them and the brothers of some and no consideration would be shown them.' 12.25. And when with many words he had confirmed his solemn promise to restore them unharmed, they let him go, for the sake of saving their brethren.' 12.26. Then Judas marched against Carnaim and the temple of Atargatis, and slaughtered twenty-five thousand people.' 12.27. After the rout and destruction of these, he marched also against Ephron, a fortified city where Lysias dwelt with multitudes of people of all nationalities. Stalwart young men took their stand before the walls and made a vigorous defense; and great stores of war engines and missiles were there.' 12.28. But the Jews called upon the Sovereign who with power shatters the might of his enemies, and they got the city into their hands, and killed as many as twenty-five thousand of those who were within it.' 12.29. Setting out from there, they hastened to Scythopolis, which is seventy-five miles from Jerusalem.' 12.30. But when the Jews who dwelt there bore witness to the good will which the people of Scythopolis had shown them and their kind treatment of them in times of misfortune,' 12.31. they thanked them and exhorted them to be well disposed to their race in the future also. Then they went up to Jerusalem, as the feast of weeks was close at hand.' 12.32. After the feast called Pentecost, they hastened against Gorgias, the governor of Idumea.' 12.33. And he came out with three thousand infantry and four hundred cavalry. 12.34. When they joined battle, it happened that a few of the Jews fell.' 12.36. As Esdris and his men had been fighting for a long time and were weary, Judas called upon the Lord to show himself their ally and leader in the battle.' 12.37. In the language of their fathers he raised the battle cry, with hymns; then he charged against Gorgias' men when they were not expecting it, and put them to flight.' 12.38. Then Judas assembled his army and went to the city of Adullam. As the seventh day was coming on, they purified themselves according to the custom, and they kept the sabbath there.' 12.39. On the next day, as by that time it had become necessary, Judas and his men went to take up the bodies of the fallen and to bring them back to lie with their kinsmen in the sepulchres of their fathers.' 12.40. Then under the tunic of every one of the dead they found sacred tokens of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbids the Jews to wear. And it became clear to all that this was why these men had fallen.' 12.41. So they all blessed the ways of the Lord, the righteous Judge, who reveals the things that are hidden;' 12.42. and they turned to prayer, beseeching that the sin which had been committed might be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen.' 12.43. He also took up a collection, man by man, to the amount of two thousand drachmas of silver, and sent it to Jerusalem to provide for a sin offering. In doing this he acted very well and honorably, taking account of the resurrection.' 12.44. For if he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead.' 12.45. But if he was looking to the splendid reward that is laid up for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.' 13.23. he got word that Philip, who had been left in charge of the government, had revolted in Antioch; he was dismayed, called in the Jews, yielded and swore to observe all their rights, settled with them and offered sacrifice, honored the sanctuary and showed generosity to the holy place.' 14.3. Now a certain Alcimus, who had formerly been high priest but had wilfully defiled himself in the times of separation, realized that there was no way for him to be safe or to have access again to the holy altar,'

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
1 maccabees, contrasting order of events Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 380
4 maccabees Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 70
alema Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 430
ancestral language Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418, 421, 430
antiochus iv epiphanes, death of Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 380, 389
antiochus iv epiphanes Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
antiochus v eupator Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27, 430
antiochus vii sidetes Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 421
apollonius son of menestheus Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
apollonius son of thraseas Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
covenants' Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
cypriots Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
daphne Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
death and burial Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418
diasporan historiography Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 421
distances Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418
emmaus campaign Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
eupolemus Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 430
gorgias Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 389
hegemonides Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 380
inscriptions Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 380
jason (high priest) Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 430
judas maccabaeus, latter-day elisha Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 389
kaspin Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418
language, see also under style Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 70
lysias Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 389
magnesia, battle of Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
manliness Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 389
mother and seven sons, razis suicide Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 360
mother and seven sons, resurrection Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 360
motifs (thematic), battle Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 389
motifs (thematic), jewish fatalities require explanation Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418
motifs (thematic), officials Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 421
mysians Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
numbers, accuracy of Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332, 430
philip (governor of jerusalem) Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
posthumous vindication, resurrection Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 360
protarchos Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 380
razis suicide, post-humous vindication Avemarie, van Henten, and Furstenberg, Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity (2023) 360
resurrection Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418
sources of 2 maccabees Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
style, linguistic and literary, variety of vocabulary Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 70
theodosius Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 430
theodotus Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 430
thracians Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 332
timothy Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 27
torture Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 70
transjordan Schwartz, 2 Maccabees (2008) 418