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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10235
Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 2.3.1
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Hesiod, Theogony, 28, 27 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

27. Those daughters of Lord Zeus proclaimed to me:
2. Aristotle, Parts of Animals, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3. Epictetus, Discourses, 3.2.1-3.2.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4. Seneca The Younger, De Beneficiis, 1.4.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5. Seneca The Younger, De Consolatione Ad Marciam, 19.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 1.3.7, 1.8.1, 1.9.2-1.9.4, 1.12.1-1.12.3, 1.12.5, 1.17.1, 2.2.1-2.2.6, 2.3.2-2.3.5, 2.4.1-2.4.2, 2.29.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 108.7-108.8, 108.12, 113.18, 115.12-115.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Galen, On The Doctrines of Hippocrates And Plato, 4.4.16-4.4.17, 4.6.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

9. Marcus Aurelius Emperor of Rome, Meditations, 5.26 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.110 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.110. And in things intermediate also there are duties; as that boys should obey the attendants who have charge of them.According to the Stoics there is an eight-fold division of the soul: the five senses, the faculty of speech, the intellectual faculty, which is the mind itself, and the generative faculty, being all parts of the soul. Now from falsehood there results perversion, which extends to the mind; and from this perversion arise many passions or emotions, which are causes of instability. Passion, or emotion, is defined by Zeno as an irrational and unnatural movement in the soul, or again as impulse in excess.The main, or most universal, emotions, according to Hecato in his treatise On the Passions, book ii., and Zeno in his treatise with the same title, constitute four great classes, grief, fear, desire or craving, pleasure.
11. Origen, On First Principles, 3.2.2 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3.2.2. We, however, who see the reason (of the thing) more clearly, do not hold this opinion, taking into account those (sins) which manifestly originate as a necessary consequence of our bodily constitution. Must we indeed suppose that the devil is the cause of our feeling hunger or thirst? Nobody, I think, will venture to maintain that. If, then, he is not the cause of our feeling hunger and thirst, wherein lies the difference when each individual has attained the age of puberty, and that period has called forth the incentives of the natural heat? It will undoubtedly follow, that as the devil is not the cause of our feeling hunger and thirst, so neither is he the cause of that appetency which naturally arises at the time of maturity, viz., the desire of sexual intercourse. Now it is certain that this cause is not always so set in motion by the devil that we should be obliged to suppose that bodies would nor possess a desire for intercourse of that kind if the devil did not exist. Let us consider, in the next place, if, as we have already shown, food is desired by human beings, not from a suggestion of the devil, but by a kind of natural instinct, whether, if there were no devil, it were possible for human experience to exhibit such restraint in partaking of food as never to exceed the proper limits; i.e., that no one would either take otherwise than the case required, or more than reason would allow; and so it would result that men, observing due measure and moderation in the matter of eating, would never go wrong. I do not think, indeed, that so great moderation could be observed by men (even if there were no instigation by the devil inciting thereto), as that no individual, in partaking of food, would go beyond due limits and restraint, until he had learned to do so from long usage and experience. What, then, is the state of the case? In the matter of eating and drinking it was possible for us to go wrong, even without any incitement from the devil, if we should happen to be either less temperate or less careful (than we ought); and are we to suppose, then, in our appetite for sexual intercourse, or in the restraint of our natural desires, our condition is not something similar? I am of opinion, indeed, that the same course of reasoning must be understood to apply to other natural movements as those of covetousness, or of anger, or of sorrow, or of all those generally which through the vice of intemperance exceed the natural bounds of moderation. There are therefore manifest reasons for holding the opinion, that as in good things the human will is of itself weak to accomplish any good (for it is by divine help that it is brought to perfection in everything); so also, in things of an opposite nature we receive certain initial elements, and, as it were, seeds of sins, from those things which we use agreeably to nature; but when we have indulged them beyond what is proper, and have not resisted the first movements to intemperance, then the hostile power, seizing the occasion of this first transgression, incites and presses us hard in every way, seeking to extend our sins over a wider field, and furnishing us human beings with occasions and beginnings of sins, which these hostile powers spread far and wide, and, if possible, beyond all limits. Thus, when men at first for a little desire money, covetousness begins to grow as the passion increases, and finally the fall into avarice takes place. And after this, when blindness of mind has succeeded passion, and the hostile powers, by their suggestions, hurry on the mind, money is now no longer desired, but stolen, and acquired by force, or even by shedding human blood. Finally, a confirmatory evidence of the fact that vices of such enormity proceed from demons, may be easily seen in this, that those individuals who are oppressed either by immoderate love, or incontrollable anger, or excessive sorrow, do not suffer less than those who are bodily vexed by devils. For it is recorded in certain histories, that some have fallen into madness from a state of love, others from a state of anger, not a few from a state of sorrow, and even from one of excessive joy; which results, I think, from this, that those opposing powers, i.e., those demons, having gained a lodgment in their minds which has been already laid open to them by intemperance, have taken complete possession of their sensitive nature, especially when no feeling of the glory of virtue has aroused them to resistance.
12. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 3.378, 3.462



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(prokoptōn) vii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
actions / acts (stoic), erroneous / errors (hamartēmata) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
anger, in roman epic Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
animals, in similes Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
appearance (phantasia), distinguished from judgement, belief, as involving assent Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
aristotle Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
battle scenes in homer, in roman epic Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
bonhöffer, adolf Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
chrysippus Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21; Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
cicero Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
cooper, john Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
cosmos (visible world, universe) / cosmology, greco-roman / mediterranean world Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
diogenes of babylon Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
domitian Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
emotions, per contra, aristotle, galen, emotions cannot be understood without physical basis Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
emotions, seneca discounts posidonius' alleged examples of emotion without judgement, as mere first movements" Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
emotions / passions (pathē, pathēmata) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
epic poetry, roman Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
epictetus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
ethics / ethical theory Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
fear, and anger Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
fear, and desire Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
fillion-lahille, janine Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
first movements, 2 kinds. mental, bites and little soul movements caused by appearance, without assent and emotion having yet occurred Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
first movements, in stoics not the same as emotion Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
galen of pergamum Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
hellenistic philosophy, ideas about anger Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
holler, e. Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
impulse (hormē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
ira/irasci, of epic warriors Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
irrational (alogos) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
judgment (krisis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
juno, aen. Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
lottin, o. Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
marcus aurelius Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
musonius rufus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
nature (phusis) / natural, kind / type / purpose Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
nero Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
opinion (doxa) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
peripatetic philosophy, approval of anger Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
pietas Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
plato Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
platonism (middle / imperial) vi–viii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
posidonius Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
rabbow, paul Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
reason (human) / rational faculty (logos, logistikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
rist, john Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
rome, and civil war Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
school (scholē) / sect (hairesis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
self-mastery (enkrateia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
seneca, de ira Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
seneca, the younger, stoic, first movements of body or soul caused by appearance without assent or emotion having yet occurred Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 66
seneca, the younger, stoic, for music arouses only first movements Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
seneca, the younger, stoic, posidonius' animals also lack genuine emotion, since they are capable of appearance but not of judgement" Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
seneca, the younger, stoic, this answers posidonius' alleged emotion without judgements, which is only first movement" Sorabji, Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (2000) 72
seneca Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
socrates Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
stoic philosophy, view of anger Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
stoicism / stoic / stoa, neostoicism (greco-roman) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
stoicism / stoic / stoa Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
suicide, anger Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
system / model Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31
theophrastus Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
tydeus, anger of Braund and Most, Ancient Anger: Perspectives from Homer to Galen (2004) 285
vespasian Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 21
zeno (of citium) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 31