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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10243
Seneca The Younger, Letters, 83.26


nanCruelty usually follows wine-bibbing; for a man's soundness of mind is corrupted and made savage. Just as a lingering illness makes men querulous and irritable and drives them wild at the least crossing of their desires, so continued bouts of drunkenness bestialize the soul. For when people are often beside themselves, the habit of madness lasts on, and the vices which liquor generated retain their power even when the liquor is gone.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

11 results
1. Cicero, Philippicae, 2.63 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 4.52 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.52. nescio, ecquid ipsi nos fortiter in re p. fecerimus: si quid fecimus, certe irati non fecimus. an est quicquam similius insaniae insaniae s insania X quam ira? quam bene Ennius initium dixit Enn. fr. inc. 18 insaniae. color, vox, oculi, spiritus, inpotentia dictorum ac factorum quam partem habent sanitatis? quid Achille Homerico foedius, quid Agamemnone in iurgio? nam Aiacem quidem ira ad furorem mortemque perduxit. non igitur desiderat fortitudo advocatam iracundiam; satis est instructa parata armata per sese. nam isto quidem modo isto modo quidem s corr. We. licet dicere utilem vinulentiam ad fortitudinem, utilem vinul.... 27 utilem om. V etiam dementiam, quod et insani et ebrii multa faciunt saepe vehementius. semper Aiax fortis, fortissimus tamen in furore; nam Trag. inc. 64 nam poetae tribuunt alii Fa/cinus fecit ma/ximum, cum Da/nais inclina/ntibus Summa/m rem perfeci/t perfecit s perficit X manu. manu Bentl. manus s manu sua restituit proelium Insaniens G. Hermann op. 7, 382 sed cf. Plasberg, Festschr. f. Vahlen 224, qui recte proel. r. ins. Ciceroni, non poetae tribuisse vid. proelium restituit insaniens:
3. Vergil, Aeneis, 3.616 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.616. who from beneath the hollow scarped crag
4. Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 1.1.2-1.1.5, 1.3.3, 1.5.2, 1.12, 1.20.3, 2.1.3-2.1.4, 2.2.2, 2.3.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5. Seneca The Younger, De Vita Beata (Dialogorum Liber Vii), 12.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 59.15, 83.24-83.25, 83.27, 88.7, 99.17, 121.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Seneca The Younger, Medea, 395, 45, 385 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Seneca The Younger, Oedipus, 626 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Galen, On The Doctrines of Hippocrates And Plato, 4.2.16, 4.6.35 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

10. Marcus Aurelius Emperor of Rome, Meditations, 5.1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.85-7.86 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.85. An animal's first impulse, say the Stoics, is to self-preservation, because nature from the outset endears it to itself, as Chrysippus affirms in the first book of his work On Ends: his words are, The dearest thing to every animal is its own constitution and its consciousness thereof; for it was not likely that nature should estrange the living thing from itself or that she should leave the creature she has made without either estrangement from or affection for its own constitution. We are forced then to conclude that nature in constituting the animal made it near and dear to itself; for so it comes to repel all that is injurious and give free access to all that is serviceable or akin to it. 7.86. As for the assertion made by some people that pleasure is the object to which the first impulse of animals is directed, it is shown by the Stoics to be false. For pleasure, if it is really felt, they declare to be a by-product, which never comes until nature by itself has sought and found the means suitable to the animal's existence or constitution; it is an aftermath comparable to the condition of animals thriving and plants in full bloom. And nature, they say, made no difference originally between plants and animals, for she regulates the life of plants too, in their case without impulse and sensation, just as also certain processes go on of a vegetative kind in us. But when in the case of animals impulse has been superadded, whereby they are enabled to go in quest of their proper aliment, for them, say the Stoics, Nature's rule is to follow the direction of impulse. But when reason by way of a more perfect leadership has been bestowed on the beings we call rational, for them life according to reason rightly becomes the natural life. For reason supervenes to shape impulse scientifically.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
activeness (of converts) Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
ajax Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
animals, complex behavior in Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
antony, mark Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
aristotle, influence on seneca Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
aristotle, later aristotelians Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
aristotle, on brutishness Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
art (technē, skill) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
awakening Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
becker, lawrence Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
behaviour Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
body / bodies (corporeal, material, matter, physical) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
brutishness Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
cato (roman statesman) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
causes, of insanity Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
character (diathesis, hexis, disposition, stable state) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
cicero, on species-level classification Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
cognitive / cognition Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
componential Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
conversion, philosophical Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
cosmic Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
cruelty Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
disease (nosos, nosēma) / illness Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
divine Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
drunkenness, and brutishness Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
emotions, as causes Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
emotions, as contumacious Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
emotions, examples of Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
emotions, moderation in (metriopatheia) Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
emotions, modern theories Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
eupatheiai, classified by species Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
evil Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
exercise Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
facial expressions Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
habit / habituate / habitude (ethos, ethizesthai, hexis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
health (hugieia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
impulse (hormē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
insanity, causation Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
inwood, brad Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
irrational Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
law divine/mosaic/jewish Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
love (amorous) / lust (philia, erōs) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
love of various things (philomatheia, philomousia, ktl.) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
metriopatheia (moderation in emotion) Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
movements, three movements in seneca Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
nature, according to Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
non-cognitive Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
orestes Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
peripatetics Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
phalaris Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
philosophy, philosophical Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
plato, on brutishness Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
psychopathy Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
reaching (orexis) Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242, 243
reason (human) / rational faculty (logos, logistikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
responsibility, moral, in psychopaths Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 242
sage (wise person) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
selection Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
self Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
seneca, and aristotle Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
seneca, three movements, Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
seneca Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
soul Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
stoicism / stoic / stoa, neostoicism (greco-roman) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
stoicism / stoic / stoa Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
strength (ischus) / strengthen Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
theophrastus Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
tranquility (ataraxia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
tyrants Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 243
vice (kakos) / viciousness (kakia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
virtue / moral virtue (aretē), non-intellectual' Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
virtue / moral virtue (aretē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 344
wine Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195
wisdom Despotis and Lohr, Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions (2022) 195