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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



10243
Seneca The Younger, Letters, 51.5-51.6


nanWe ought to see to it that we flee to the greatest possible distance from provocations to vice. We should toughen our minds, and remove them far from the allurements of pleasure. A single winter relaxed Hannibal's fibre; his pampering in Campania took the vigour out of that hero who had triumphed over Alpine snows. He conquered with his weapons, but was conquered by his vices.


nanWe too have a war to wage, a type of warfare in which there is allowed no rest or furlough. To be conquered, in the first place, are pleasures, which, as you see, have carried off even the sternest characters. If a man has once understood how great is the task which he has entered upon, he will see that there must be no dainty or effeminate conduct. What have I to do with those hot baths or with the sweating-room where they shut in the dry steam which is to drain your strength? Perspiration should flow only after toil.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Cicero, On Duties, 3.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.15. Cum autem aliquid actum est, in quo media officia compareant, id cumulate videtur esse perfectum, propterea quod volgus quid absit a perfecto, non fere intellegit; quatenus autem intellegit, nihil putat praetermissum; quod idem in poematis, in picturis usu venit in aliisque compluribus, ut delectentur imperiti laudentque ea, quae laudanda non sint, ob eam, credo, causam, quod insit in iis aliquid probi, quod capiat ignaros, qui quidem, quid in una quaque re vitii sit, nequeant iudicare; itaque, cum sunt docti a peritis, desistunt facile sententia. Haec igitur officia, de quibus his libris disserimus, quasi secunda quaedam honesta esse dicunt, non sapientium modo propria, sed cum omni hominum genere communia. 3.15.  On the other hand, when some act is performed in which we see "mean" duties manifested, that is generally regarded as fully perfect, for the reason that the common crowd does not, as a rule, comprehend how far it falls short of real perfection; but, as far as their comprehension does go, they think there is no deficiency. This same thing ordinarily occurs in the estimation of poems, paintings, and a great many other works of art: ordinary people enjoy and praise things that do not deserve praise. The reason for this, I suppose, is that those productions have some point of excellence which catches the fancy of the uneducated, because these have not the ability to discover the points of weakness in any particular piece of work before them. And so, when they are instructed by experts, they readily abandon their former opinion. The performance of the duties, then, which I am discussing in these books, is called by the Stoics a sort of second-grade moral goodness, not the peculiar property of their wise men, but shared by them with all mankind.
2. Horace, Letters, 1.1.60 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Lucretius Carus, On The Nature of Things, 1.31-1.40 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Epictetus, Discourses, 2.2.21-2.2.26, 2.17.29, 2.17.31, 2.17.33, 3.12.7-3.12.12, 3.22.13-3.22.19, 3.22.94-3.22.95, 3.24.31, 4.3.7 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 10.3-10.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Seneca The Younger, De Constantia Sapientis, 3.4-3.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Seneca The Younger, On Leisure, 2.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 47.9-47.10, 51.1-51.4, 51.6, 51.8-51.12, 56.15, 59.6-59.8, 74.19, 94.1-94.3, 95.4-95.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Tacitus, Annals, 3.9, 11.31.2, 12.5.3, 13.12.2, 13.20, 14.22.4, 15.37.1-15.37.4, 15.42.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.9.  After crossing the sea of Dalmatia, Piso left his vessels at Ancona, and, travelling through Picenum, then by the Flaminian Road, came up with a legion marching from Pannonia to Rome, to join later on the garrison in Africa: an incident which led to much gossip and discussion as to the manner in which he had kept showing himself to the soldiers on the march and by the wayside. From Narnia, either to avoid suspicion or because the plans of a frightened man are apt to be inconsistent, he sailed down the Nar, then down the Tiber, and added to the exasperation of the populace by bringing his vessel to shore at the mausoleum of the Caesars. It was a busy part of the day and of the river-side; yet he with a marching column of retainers, and Plancina with her escort of women, proceeded beaming on their way. There were other irritants also; among them, festal decorations upon his mansion looming above the forum; guests and a dinner; and, in that crowded quarter, full publicity for everything. 13.20.  The night was well advanced, and Nero was protracting it over his wine, when Paris — accustomed ordinarily about this hour to add life to the imperial debauch, but now composed to melancholy — entered the room, and by exposing the indictment in detail so terrified his auditor that he decided not merely to kill his mother and Plautus but even to remove Burrus from his command, on the ground that he owed his promotion to Agrippina and was now paying his debt. According to Fabius Rusticus, letters patent to Caecina Tuscus, investing him with the charge of the praetorian cohorts, were actually written, but by the intervention of Seneca the post was saved for Burrus. Pliny and Cluvius refer to no suspicion of the prefect's loyalty; and Fabius certainly tends to overpraise Seneca, by whose friendship he flourished. For myself, where the authorities are uimous, I shall follow them: if their versions disagree, I shall record them under the names of their sponsors. — Unnerved and eager for the execution of his mother, Nero was not to be delayed, until Burrus promised that, if her guilt was proved, death should follow. "But," he added, "any person whatsoever, above all a parent, would have to be allowed the opportunity of defence; and here no accusers were present; only a solitary voice, and that borne from the house of an enemy. Let him take into consideration the darkness, the wakeful night spent in conviviality, the whole of the circumstances, so conducive to rashness and unreason. 15.42.1.  However, Nero turned to account the ruins of his fatherland by building a palace, the marvels of which were to consist not so much in gems and gold, materials long familiar and vulgarized by luxury, as in fields and lakes and the air of solitude given by wooded ground alternating with clear tracts and open landscapes. The architects and engineers were Severus and Celer, who had the ingenuity and the courage to try the force of art even against the veto of nature and to fritter away the resources of a Caesar. They had undertaken to sink a navigable canal running from Lake Avernus to the mouths of the Tiber along a desolate shore or through intervening hills; for the one district along the route moist enough to yield a supply of water is the Pomptine Marsh; the rest being cliff and sand, which could be cut through, if at all, only by intolerable exertions for which no sufficient motive existed. None the less, Nero, with his passion for the incredible, made an effort to tunnel the height nearest the Avernus, and some evidences of that futile ambition survive.
10. Tacitus, Histories, 1.88 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.88.  About this time Cornelius Dolabella was banished to the colony of Aquinum. He was not kept under close or secret watch, and no charge was made against him; but he had been made prominent by his ancient name and his close relationship to Galba. Many of the magistrates and a large part of the ex-consuls Otho directed to join his expedition, not to share or help in the war but simply as a suite. Among these was Lucius Vitellius, who was treated in the same way as the others and not at all as the brother of an emperor or as an enemy. This action caused anxiety at Rome. No class was free from fear or danger. The leading men of the senate were weak from old age and had grown inactive through a long peace; the nobility was indolent and had forgotten the art of war; the knights were ignorant of military service; the more all tried to hide and conceal their fear, the more evident they made their terror. Yet, on the other hand, there were some who with absurd ostentation brought splendid arms and fine horses; some made extravagant preparations for banquets and provided incentives to their lust as equipment for war. The wise had thought for peace and for the state; the foolish, careless of the future, were puffed up with idle hopes; many who had been distressed by loss of credit during peace were now enthusiastic in this time of disturbance and felt safest in uncertainty.
11. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.91 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.91. These are called non-intellectual, because they do not require the mind's assent; they supervene and they occur even in bad men: for instance, health, courage. The proof, says Posidonius in the first book of his treatise on Ethics, that virtue really exists is the fact that Socrates, Diogenes, and Antisthenes and their followers made moral progress. And for the existence of vice as a fundamental fact the proof is that it is the opposite of virtue. That it, virtue, can be taught is laid down by Chrysippus in the first book of his work On the End, by Cleanthes, by Posidonius in his Protreptica, and by Hecato; that it can be taught is clear from the case of bad men becoming good.
12. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 3.229



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
allegorical and symbolic uses of mountains Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
anxiety, sage, free from Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
armament Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
athletics/training Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
atte Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
augustus, c. iulius caesar octavianus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
baiae Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
baias Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
banquets Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167, 217, 231
bravery Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
burrus, s. afranius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
caesar, c. iulius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
campania Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116; Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
capuan laziness Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
carthage, carthaginian Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
censure Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
cicero Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
claudius, t. caesar augustus germanicus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
claudius senecio Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
cold Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
conscience Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
craft/craftsman (technē) Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
cupid Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
cupiditas Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
cynics/cynicism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
damasippus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
defense Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
domus aurea Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
effeminacy Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167, 231
fighting (of vices and virtue) Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
frugality Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167, 217
hannibal Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116; Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
indifferents Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166
jewels Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
julius caesar Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
law of nature/natural law, stoic politics Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
lust vii Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
magnificence Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
marius, gaius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
marius Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
melting Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
messalina, valeria Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
mount etna Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
mountains, science Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
nature Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
nero claudius caesar augustus germanicus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
otho, m. salvius caesar augustus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
panaetius generally Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
paris Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
perfumes Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
personification vii Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
philosophy, philosophical writing Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
piso, c. calpurnius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
pleasure Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147; Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167, 217, 231
pompeius magnus, gnaeus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
pompey Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
punic war, second Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
sage Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
scipio africanus, p. cornelius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
seneca, letters Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
seneca, natural, questions Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
seneca Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
seneca generally Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
severitas Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
slavery Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
stertinius Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
stoicism, military imagery Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
stoicism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147; Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166
tigellinus, ofonius Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
venus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
viewing Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
villae Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167
virtue Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 167, 217, 231; Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 56
vitellius, aulus Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 217
volcanoes Konig, The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture (2022) 116
war Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
warm Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167
weakening Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166, 167, 231
weapon Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
wine Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 231
wise, man' Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 147
wise man Romana Berno, Roman Luxuria: A Literary and Cultural History (2023) 166