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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9855
Pseudo Clementine Literature, Homilies, 9.16
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1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 9.1-9.5 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.1. וַיְבָרֶךְ אֱלֹהִים אֶת־נֹחַ וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃ 9.1. וְאֵת כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר אִתְּכֶם בָּעוֹף בַּבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ אִתְּכֶם מִכֹּל יֹצְאֵי הַתֵּבָה לְכֹל חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ׃ 9.2. וַיָּחֶל נֹחַ אִישׁ הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּטַּע כָּרֶם׃ 9.2. וּמוֹרַאֲכֶם וְחִתְּכֶם יִהְיֶה עַל כָּל־חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ וְעַל כָּל־עוֹף הַשָּׁמָיִם בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר תִּרְמֹשׂ הָאֲדָמָה וּבְכָל־דְּגֵי הַיָּם בְּיֶדְכֶם נִתָּנוּ׃ 9.3. כָּל־רֶמֶשׂ אֲשֶׁר הוּא־חַי לָכֶם יִהְיֶה לְאָכְלָה כְּיֶרֶק עֵשֶׂב נָתַתִּי לָכֶם אֶת־כֹּל׃ 9.4. אַךְ־בָּשָׂר בְּנַפְשׁוֹ דָמוֹ לֹא תֹאכֵלוּ׃ 9.5. וְאַךְ אֶת־דִּמְכֶם לְנַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם אֶדְרֹשׁ מִיַּד כָּל־חַיָּה אֶדְרְשֶׁנּוּ וּמִיַּד הָאָדָם מִיַּד אִישׁ אָחִיו אֶדְרֹשׁ אֶת־נֶפֶשׁ הָאָדָם׃ 9.1. And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them: ‘Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth." 9.2. And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, and upon all wherewith the ground teemeth, and upon all the fishes of the sea: into your hand are they delivered." 9.3. Every moving thing that liveth shall be for food for you; as the green herb have I given you all." 9.4. Only flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat." 9.5. And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it; and at the hand of man, even at the hand of every man’s brother, will I require the life of man."
2. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 11.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

11.16. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה אֶסְפָה־לִּי שִׁבְעִים אִישׁ מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יָדַעְתָּ כִּי־הֵם זִקְנֵי הָעָם וְשֹׁטְרָיו וְלָקַחְתָּ אֹתָם אֶל־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְהִתְיַצְּבוּ שָׁם עִמָּךְ׃ 11.16. And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Gather unto Me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tent of meeting, that they may stand there with thee."
3. New Testament, Matthew, 23.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23.2. saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sat on Moses' seat.
4. Anon., Leviticus Rabba, 31.4 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

31.4. דָּבָר אַחֵר, צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, בַּר קַפָּרָא פָּתַח (תהלים יח, כט): כִּי אַתָּה תָּאִיר נֵרִי, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לָאָדָם, נֵרְךָ בְּיָדִי וְנֵרִי בְיָדֶךָ, נֵרְךָ בְּיָדִי, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (משלי כ, כז): נֵר ה' נִשְׁמַת אָדָם, נֵרִי בְיָדֶךָ (ויקרא כד, ב): לְהַעֲלֹת נֵר תָּמִיד, אֶלָּא אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אִם הֵאַרְתָּ נֵרִי הֲרֵינִי מֵאִיר נֵרְךָ, הֱוֵי: צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל. דָּבָר אַחֵר, צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (שיר השירים ז, ו): רֹאשֵׁךְ עָלַיִךְ כַּכַּרְמֶל וְדַלַּת רֹאשֵׁךְ כָּאַרְגָּמָן, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, הָרָשִׁים שֶׁבָּכֶם חֲבִיבִין עָלַי כְּאֵלִיָּהוּ שֶׁעָלָה לַכַּרְמֶל, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (מלכים א יח, מב): וְאֵלִיָּהוּ עָלָה אֶל רֹאשׁ הַכַּרְמֶל וַיִּגְהַר אַרְצָה וַיָּשֶׂם פָּנָיו בֵּין בִּרְכָּו, וְלָמָּה שָׂם פָּנָיו בֵּין בִּרְכָּיו, אָמַר לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, רִבּוֹנוֹ שֶׁל עוֹלָם אִם אֵין לָנוּ זְכוּת הַבֵּט לִבְרִית מִילָה. (שיר השירים ז, ו): וְדַלַּת רֹאשֵׁךְ כָּאַרְגָּמָן, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא הַדַּלִּים שֶׁבָּכֶם חֲבִיבִין עָלַי כְּדָוִד, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (זכריה יב, ח): וְהָיָה הַנִּכְשָׁל בָּהֶם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כְּדָוִיד, וְיֵשׁ אוֹמְרִים כְּדָנִיֵּאל, דִּכְתִיב בֵּיהּ (דניאל ה, כט): וְהַלְבִּשׁוּ לְדָנִיֵּאל אַרְגְּוָנָא. (שיר השירים ז, ו): מֶלֶךְ אָסוּר בָּרְהָטִים, שֶׁאָסַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עַצְמוֹ בִּשְׁבוּעָה שֶׁהוּא מַשְׁרֶה שְׁכִינָתוֹ בְּתוֹךְ רָהִיטִין שֶׁל יַעֲקֹב אָבִינוּ, בִּזְכוּת מִי, רַבִּי אַבָּא בַּר כַּהֲנָא אָמַר בִּזְכוּתוֹ שֶׁל אַבְרָהָם אָבִינוּ, דִּכְתִיב (בראשית יח, ז): וְאֶל הַבָּקָר רָץ אַבְרָהָם. רַבִּי לֵוִי אָמַר בִּזְכוּתוֹ שֶׁל יַעֲקֹב, דִּכְתִיב בֵּיהּ (בראשית ל, לח): וַיַּצֵּג אֶת הַמַּקְלוֹת אֲשֶׁר פִּצֵּל בָּרְהָטִים. אָמַר רַבִּי בֶּרֶכְיָה מֶלֶךְ אָסוּר בָּרְהָטִים, זֶה משֶׁה, דִּכְתִיב בֵּיהּ (דברים לג, ה): וַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן מֶלֶךְ, אָסוּר בָּרְהָטִים, שֶׁגָּזַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עָלָיו שֶׁלֹּא יִכָּנֵס לְאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל, בִּשְׁבִיל מִי, בִּשְׁבִיל רְהָטִים שֶׁל מֵי מְרִיבָה, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (במדבר כ, יג): הֵמָּה מֵי מְרִיבָה אֲשֶׁר רָבוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מְשָׁלוֹ מָשָׁל לְמָה הַדָּבָר דּוֹמֶה לְמֶלֶךְ שֶׁגָּזַר וְאָמַר כָּל מִי שֶׁיִּלְקֹט וְיֹאכַל מִפֵּרוֹת שְׁבִיעִית יְהוּ מַחֲזִירִין אוֹתוֹ בַּקַּמְפּוֹן, הָלְכָה אִשָּׁה אַחַת בַּת טוֹבִים וְלִקְטָה וְאָכְלָה מִפֵּרוֹת שְׁבִיעִית, הִתְחִילוּ מַחֲזִירִין אוֹתָהּ בַּקַּמְפּוֹן וְהָיְתָה צוֹוַחַת וְאוֹמֶרֶת בְּבַקָּשָׁה מִמְּךָ אֲדוֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ תְּלֵה אֶת הַפַּגִּין הַלָּלוּ בְּצַוָּארִי כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יְהוּ הַבְּרִיּוֹת אוֹמְרוֹת דּוֹמֶה לָנוּ שֶׁנִּמְצָא בָהּ דָּבָר שֶׁל עֶרְוָה אוֹ דָּבָר שֶׁל כְּשָׁפִים, אֶלָּא מִתּוֹךְ שֶׁרוֹאִים אֶת הַפַּגִּין בְּצַוָּארִי הֵן יוֹדְעִין שֶׁבִּשְׁבִילָן אֲנִי מְחַזֶּרֶת. כָּךְ אָמַר משֶׁה לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא רִבּוֹן הָעוֹלָם כְּתֹב בְּתוֹרָתְךָ מִפְּנֵי מָה אֵינִי נִכְנַס לָאָרֶץ, שֶׁלֹּא יְהוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל אוֹמְרִים דּוֹמֶה לָנוּ שֶׁזִּיֵּף משֶׁה אֶת הַתּוֹרָה, אוֹ אָמַר דָּבָר שֶׁלֹּא נִצְטַוָּה. אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא חַיֶּיךָ שֶׁאֲנִי כּוֹתֵב שֶׁלֹּא הָיְתָה אֶלָּא עַל הַמָּיִם, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (במדבר כז, יד): כַּאֲשֶׁר מְרִיתֶם פִּי בְּמִדְבַּר צִן. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מְשָׁלוֹ מָשָׁל לְמָה הַדָּבָר דּוֹמֶה לְמֶלֶךְ שֶׁמְהַלֵּךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ וּבְנוֹ עִמּוֹ עַל קָרוֹכִין, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהִגִּיעוּ לְמָקוֹם צַר נֶהְפְּכָה קָרוֹכִין עַל בְּנוֹ, נִסְמֵית עֵינוֹ נִקְטְעָה יָדוֹ נִשְׁבְּרָה רַגְלוֹ, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהָיָה הַמֶּלֶךְ מַגִּיעַ לְאוֹתוֹ מָקוֹם, הָיָה מַזְכִּיר וְאוֹמֵר אוֹי לִי כָּאן נִזּוֹק בְּרִי, כָּאן נִסְמֵית עֵינוֹ, כָּאן נִקְטְעָה יָדוֹ, כָּאן נִשְׁבְּרָה רַגְלוֹ. כָּךְ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מַזְכִּיר בְּתוֹרָתוֹ שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים מֵי מְרִיבָה, כְּלוֹמַר כָּאן הָרַגְתִּי אֶת משֶׁה, כָּאן הָרַגְתִּי אֶת אַהֲרֹן, כָּאן הָרַגְתִּי אֶת מִרְיָם, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (תהלים קמא, ו): נִשְׁמְטוּ בִידֵי סֶלַע שֹׁפְטֵיהֶם וְשָׁמְעוּ אֲמָרַי כִּי נָעֵמוּ. רַב נַחְמָן אָמַר מֶלֶךְ זֶה משֶׁה, דִּכְתִיב: וַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן מֶלֶךְ, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְמשֶׁה אֲנִי מִנִּיתִיךָ מֶלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל, דַּרְכּוֹ שֶׁל מֶלֶךְ לִהְיוֹת גּוֹזֵר וַאֲחֵרִים מְקַיְּמִין, כָּךְ תְּהֵא גוֹזֵר וְיִשְׂרָאֵל מְקַיְּמִין, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב: צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.
5. Anon., Sifre Deuteronomy, 45, 26 (2nd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

6. Palestinian Talmud, Nedarim, 9.1 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

7. Pseudo Clementine Literature, Homilies, 1.19, 2.12, 2.15-2.18, 3.19-3.22, 3.24, 4.13, 7.4, 8.7, 9.9-9.15, 11.28 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

8. Pseudo Clementine Literature, Recognitions, 4.16-4.19 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

4.16. Now that the demons are desirous of occupying the bodies of men, this is the reason. They are spirits having their purpose turned to wickedness. Therefore by immoderate eating and drinking, and lust, they urge men on to sin, but only those who entertain the purpose of sinning, who, while they seem simply desirous of satisfying the necessary cravings of nature, give opportunity to the demons to enter into them, because through excess they do not maintain moderation. For as long as the measure of nature is kept, and legitimate moderation is preserved, the mercy of God does not give them liberty to enter into men. But when either the mind falls into impiety, or the body is filled with immoderate meat or drink, then, as if invited by the will and purpose of those who thus neglect themselves, they receive power as against those who have broken the law imposed by God. 4.17. You see, then, how important is the acknowledgment of God, and the observance of the divine religion, which not only protects those who believe from the assaults of the demon, but also gives them command over those who rule over others. And therefore it is necessary for you, who are of the Gentiles, to betake yourselves to God, and to keep yourselves from all uncleanness, that the demons may be expelled, and God may dwell in you. And at the same time, by prayers, commit yourselves to God, and call for His aid against the impudence of the demons; for 'whatever things ye ask, believing, you shall receive.' Matthew 21:22 But even the demons themselves, in proportion as they see faith grow in a man, in that proportion they depart from him, residing only in that part in which something of infidelity still remains; but from those who believe with full faith, they depart without any delay. For when a soul has come to the faith of God, it obtains the virtue of heavenly water, by which it extinguishes the demon like a spark of fire. 4.18. There is therefore a measure of faith, which, if it be perfect, drives the demon perfectly from the soul; but if it has any defect, something on the part of the demon still remains in the portion of infidelity; and it is the greatest difficulty for the soul to understand when or how, whether fully or less fully, the demon has been expelled from it. For if he remains in any quarter, when he gets an opportunity, he suggests thoughts to men's hearts; and they, not knowing whence they come, believe the suggestions of the demons, as if they were the perceptions of their own souls. Thus they suggest to some to follow pleasure by occasion of bodily necessity; they excuse the passionateness of others by excess of gall; they color over the madness of others by the vehemence of melancholy; and even extenuate the folly of some as the result of abundance of phlegm. But even if this were so, still none of these could be hurtful to the body, except from the excess of meats and drinks; because, when these are taken in excessive quantities, their abundance, which the natural warmth is not sufficient to digest, curdles into a sort of poison, and it, flowing through the bowels and all the veins like a common sewer, renders the motions of the body unhealthy and base. Wherefore moderation is to be attained in all things, that neither may place be given to demons, nor the soul, being possessed by them, be delivered along with them to be tormented in eternal fires. 4.19. There is also another error of the demons, which they suggest to the senses of men, that they should think that those things which they suffer, they suffer from such as are called gods, in order that thereby, offering sacrifices and gifts, as if to propitiate them, they may strengthen the worship of false religion, and avoid us who are interested in their salvation, that they may be freed from error; but this they do, as I have said, not knowing that these things are suggested to them by demons, for fear they should be saved. It is therefore in the power of every one, since man has been made possessed of free-will, whether he shall hear us to life, or the demons to destruction. Also to some, the demons, appearing visibly under various figures, sometimes throw out threats, sometimes promise relief from sufferings, that they may instil into those whom they deceive the opinion of their being gods, and that it may not be known that they are demons. But they are not concealed from us, who know the mysteries of the creation, and for what reason it is permitted to the demons to do those things in the present world; how it is allowed them to transform themselves into what figures they please, and to suggest evil thoughts, and to convey themselves, by means of meats and of drink consecrated to them, into the minds or bodies of those who partake of it, and to concoct vain dreams to further the worship of some idol.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aaron Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
apocryphal acts McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
demons, and monotheism Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
demons, physiology of Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
eucharist, of bread alone McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
eucharist, of bread and water McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
gentiles Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
idolatry Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
jesus of nazareth, as the true prophet Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
jewish christianity Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
john the baptist Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
meat, avoidance/prohibition McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
moses Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
noah, covenant with McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
oral torah Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
pharisees Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
pseudo-clementines McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
redaction criticism Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
sacrifice, criticism/avoidance of McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
savior Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
syzygies (doctrine) Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 106
torah Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
wine, avoidance/prohibition' McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 181
world to come Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
yetzer, invader Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37
yetzer, not identical to body Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 37