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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9620
Plutarch, Theseus, 31.1
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

6 results
1. Homer, Odyssey, 11.631 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2. Euripides, Hercules Furens, 1326-1328, 1325 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1325. I will give you homes and the half of all I have. Yes, I will give you all those presents I received from the citizens for saving their fourteen children, when I slew the bull of Crete ; for I have plots of land assigned me throughout the country; these shall henceforth
3. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 4.62 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.62. 1.  Deucalion, the eldest of the sons of Minos, while he was ruler of Crete, formed an alliance with the Athenians and united his own sister Phaedra in marriage to Theseus. After the marriage Theseus sent his son Hippolytus, who had been born to him by the Amazon, to Troezen to be reared among the brothers of Aethra, and by Phaedra he begat Acamas and Demophon.,2.  A short time after this Hippolytus returned to Athens for the celebration of the mysteries, and Phaedra, becoming enamoured of him because of his beauty, at that time, after he had returned to Troezen, erected a temple of Aphroditê beside the acropolis at the place whence one can look across and see Troezen, but at a later time, when she was stopping together with Theseus at the home of Pittheus, she asked Hippolytus to lie with her. Upon his refusal to do so Phaedra, they say, was vexed, and on her return to Athens she told Theseus that Hippolytus had proposed lying with her.,3.  And since Theseus had his doubts about the accusation, he sent for Hippolytus in order to put him to the test, whereupon Phaedra, fearing the result of the examination, hanged herself; as for Hippolytus, who was driving a chariot when he heard of the accusation, he was so distraught in spirit that the horses got out of control and ran away with him, and in the event the chariot was smashed to bits and the youth, becoming entangled in the leathern thongs, was dragged along till he died.,4.  Hippolytus, then, since he had ended his life because of his chastity, received at the hands of the Troezenians honours equal to those offered to the gods, but Theseus, when after these happenings he was overpowered by a rival faction and banished from his native land, met his death on foreign soil. The Athenians, however, repenting of what they had done, brought back his bones and accorded him honours equal to those offered to the gods, and they set aside in Athens a sacred precinct which enjoyed the right of sanctuary and was called after him the Theseum.
4. Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2.5.12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.5.12. δωδέκατον ἆθλον ἐπετάγη Κέρβερον ἐξ Ἅιδου κομίζειν. εἶχε δὲ οὗτος τρεῖς μὲν κυνῶν κεφαλάς, τὴν δὲ οὐρὰν δράκοντος, κατὰ δὲ τοῦ νώτου παντοίων εἶχεν ὄφεων κεφαλάς. μέλλων οὖν ἐπὶ τοῦτον ἀπιέναι ἦλθε πρὸς Εὔμολπον εἰς Ἐλευσῖνα, βουλόμενος μυηθῆναι ἦν δὲ οὐκ ἐξὸν ξένοις τότε μυεῖσθαι, ἐπειδήπερ θετὸς 1 -- Πυλίου παῖς γενόμενος ἐμυεῖτο . μὴ δυνάμενος δὲ ἰδεῖν τὰ μυστήρια ἐπείπερ οὐκ ἦν ἡγνισμένος τὸν Κενταύρων 2 -- φόνον, ἁγνισθεὶς ὑπὸ Εὐμόλπου τότε ἐμυήθη. καὶ παραγενόμενος ἐπὶ Ταίναρον τῆς Λακωνικῆς, οὗ τῆς Ἅιδου 1 -- καταβάσεως τὸ στόμιόν ἐστι, διὰ τούτου κατῄει. 2 -- ὁπηνίκα δὲ εἶδον αὐτὸν αἱ ψυχαί, χωρὶς Μελεάγρου καὶ Μεδούσης τῆς Γοργόνος ἔφυγον. ἐπὶ δὲ τὴν Γοργόνα τὸ ξίφος ὡς ζῶσαν ἕλκει, καὶ παρὰ Ἑρμοῦ μανθάνει ὅτι κενὸν εἴδωλόν ἐστι. πλησίον δὲ τῶν Ἅιδου πυλῶν γενόμενος Θησέα εὗρε καὶ Πειρίθουν τὸν Περσεφόνης μνηστευόμενον γάμον καὶ διὰ τοῦτο δεθέντα. θεασάμενοι δὲ Ἡρακλέα τὰς χεῖρας ὤρεγον ὡς ἀναστησόμενοι διὰ τῆς ἐκείνου βίας. ὁ δὲ Θησέα μὲν λαβόμενος τῆς χειρὸς ἤγειρε, Πειρίθουν δὲ ἀναστῆσαι βουλόμενος τῆς γῆς κινουμένης ἀφῆκεν. ἀπεκύλισε δὲ καὶ τὸν Ἀσκαλάφου πέτρον. βουλόμενος δὲ αἷμα ταῖς ψυχαῖς παρασχέσθαι, μίαν τῶν Ἅιδου βοῶν ἀπέσφαξεν. ὁ δὲ νέμων αὐτὰς Μενοίτης ὁ Κευθωνύμου 1 -- προκαλεσάμενος 2 -- εἰς πάλην Ἡρακλέα, ληφθεὶς μέσος 3 -- καὶ τὰς πλευρὰς κατεαγεὶς 4 -- ὑπὸ Περσεφόνης παρῃτήθη. αἰτοῦντος δὲ αὐτοῦ Πλούτωνα τὸν Κέρβερον, ἐπέταξεν ὁ Πλούτων ἄγειν χωρὶς ὧν εἶχεν ὅπλων κρατοῦντα. ὁ δὲ εὑρὼν αὐτὸν ἐπὶ ταῖς πύλαις τοῦ Ἀχέροντος, τῷ τε θώρακι συμπεφραγμένος καὶ τῇ λεοντῇ συσκεπασθείς, περιβαλὼν τῇ κεφαλῇ τὰς χεῖρας οὐκ ἀνῆκε 5 -- κρατῶν καὶ ἄγχων τὸ θηρίον, ἕως ἔπεισε, καίπερ δακνόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ κατὰ τὴν οὐρὰν δράκοντος. συλλαβὼν οὖν αὐτὸν ἧκε διὰ Τροιζῆνος ποιησάμενος τὴν ἀνάβασιν. Ἀσκάλαφον μὲν οὖν Δημήτηρ ἐποίησεν ὦτον, 6 -- Ἡρακλῆς δὲ Εὐρυσθεῖ δείξας τὸν Κέρβερον πάλιν ἐκόμισεν εἰς Ἅιδου.
5. Plutarch, Theseus, 6.2, 31.4, 35.8, 36.1, 36.3-36.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.17.4, 2.22.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.17.4. The accounts of the end of Theseus are many and inconsistent. They say he was kept a prisoner until Heracles restored him to the light of day, but the most plausible account I have heard is this. Theseus invaded Thesprotia to carry off the wife of the Thesprotian king, and in this way lost the greater part of his army, and both he and Peirithous (he too was taking part in the expedition, being eager for the marriage) were taken captive. The Thesprotian king kept them prisoners at Cichyrus. 2.22.7. And on this matter the poets Euphorion of Chalcis and Alexander of Pleuron, and even before them, Stesichorus of Himera, agree with the Argives in asserting that Iphigenia was the daughter of Theseus. c. 610-550 B.C. Over against the sanctuary of Eilethyia is a temple of Hecate, and the image is a work of Scopas. This one is of stone, while the bronze images opposite, also of Hecate, were made respectively by Polycleitus It is uncertain who this Polycleitus was or when he lived. He was not the great Polycleitus, and flourished probably after 400 B.C. and his brother Naucydes, son of Mothon.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
achilles, and iphigeneia Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
achilles Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
aegeus Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
aethra Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
amazons Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4, 17
artemis Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
athens Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
biography Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
centauromachy Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
cimon Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
delphi Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
evidence, problems of Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
hades Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
hekate Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
helen Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
hellanicus Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4, 17
heracles Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
hero Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
iphianassa Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
iphigeneia, and marriage Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
iphigeneia, identity of Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
iphigeneia, sacrifice of Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
iphimede Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
isis Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
lysander Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
marathon Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
marriage, and iphigeneia Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
marriage, of iphigeneia andachilles Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
munditia fabulae Pamias, Apollodoriana: Ancient Myths, New Crossroads (2017) 89
myth, mutability of Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
myth, plutarchs use of Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
mythographers Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
peirithoos Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
peirithoüs Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
penelope Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
persephone Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
philochorus Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
plutarchs lives, life of theseus Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4, 17
poets, tragic Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4
rape Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
sacrifice, of iphigeneia Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
sacrifices Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 4, 17
scarpi, p. Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
sulla/ sylla Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17
theseus Lyons, Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (1997) 141
underworld' Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 17