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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9495
Plutarch, Cimon, 17.3-17.7


ἐν δὲ τούτῳ τῶν Λακεδαιμονίων, ὡς ἐπανήρχοντο Δελφοὺς ἀπὸ Φωκέων ἐλευθερώσαντες, ἐν Τανάγρᾳ καταστρατοπεδευσάντων Ἀθηναῖοι μὲν ἀπήντων διαμαχούμενοι, Κίμων δὲ μετὰ τῶν ὅπλων ἧκεν εἰς τὴν αὑτοῦ φυλὴν τὴν Οἰνηΐδα, πρόθυμος ὢν ἀμύνεσθαι τοὺς Λακεδαιμονίους μετὰ τῶν πολιτῶν. It was during this period that the Lacedaemonians, after freeing the Delphians from the Phocians, encamped at Tanagra on their march back home. Here the Athenians confronted them, bent on fighting their issue out, and here Cimon came in arms, to join his own Oeneïd tribe, eager to share with his fellow-citizens in repelling the Lacedaemonians.


ἡ δὲ βουλὴ τῶν πεντακοσίων πυθομένη καὶ φοβηθεῖσα, τῶν ἐχθρῶν αὐτοῦ καταβοώντων ὡς συνταράξαι τὴν φάλαγγα βουλομένου καὶ τῇ πόλει Λακεδαιμονίους ἐπαγαγεῖν, ἀπηγόρευσε τοῖς στρατηγοῖς μὴ δέχεσθαι τὸν ἄνδρα. κἀκεῖνος μὲν ᾤχετο δεηθεὶς Εὐθίππου τοῦ Ἀναφλυστίου καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἑταίρων, ὅσοι μάλιστα τὴν τοῦ λακωνίζειν αἰτίαν ἔσχον, ἐρρωμένως ἀγωνίσασθαι πρὸς τοὺς πολεμίους καὶ διʼ ἔργων ἀπολύσασθαι τὴν αἰτίαν πρὸς τοὺς πολίτας. But the Council of the Five Hundred learned of this and was filled with fear, since Cimon's foes accused him of wishing to throw the ranks into confusion, and then lead the Lacedaemonians in an attack upon the city; so they forbade the generals to receive the man. As he went away he besought Euthippus of Anaphlystus and his other comrades, all who were specially charged with laconizing, to fight sturdily against the enemy, and by their deeds of valour to dissipate the charge which their countrymen laid at their door.


οἱ δὲ λαβόντες αὐτοῦ τὴν πανοπλίαν εἰς τὸν λόχον ἔθεντο· καὶ μετʼ ἀλλήλων συστάντες ἐκθύμως ἑκατὸν ὄντες ἔπεσον, πολὺν αὑτῶν πόθον καὶ μεταμέλειαν ἐφʼ οἷς ᾐτιάθησαν ἀδίκως ἀπολιπόντες τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις. ὅθεν οὐδὲ τῷ πρὸς Κίμωνα θυμῷ πολὺν χρόνον ἐνέμειναν, τὰ μέν, ὡς εἰκός, ὧν ἔπαθον εὖ μεμνημένοι, τὰ δὲ τοῦ καιροῦ συλλαμβανομένου. They took his armour and set it in the midst of their company, supported one another ardently in the fight, and fell, to the number of one hundred, leaving behind them among the Athenians a great and yearning sense of their loss, and sorrow for the unjust charges made against them. For this reason the Athenians did not long abide by their displeasure against Cimon, partly because, as was natural, they remembered his benefits, and partly because the turn of events favoured his cause. 490


νενικημένοι γὰρ ἐν Τανάγρᾳ μάχῃ μεγάλῃ καὶ προσδοκῶντες εἰς ὥραν ἔτους στρατιὰν Πελοποννησίων ἐπʼ αὐτοὺς ἐκάλουν ἐκ τῆς φυγῆς τὸν Κίμωνα· καὶ κατῆλθε τὸ ψήφισμα γράψαντος αὐτῷ Περικλέους. οὕτω τότε πολιτικαὶ μὲν ἦσαν αἱ διαφοραί, μέτριοι δʼ οἱ θυμοὶ καὶ πρὸς τὸ κοινὸν εὐανάκλητοι συμφέρον, ἡ δὲ φιλοτιμία πάντων ἐπικρατοῦσα τῶν παθῶν τοῖς τῆς πατρίδος ὑπεχώρει καιροῖς. For they were defeated at Tanagra in a great battle, and expected that in the following spring-time an armed force of Peloponnesians would come against them, and so they recalled Cimon from his exile. The decree which provided for his return was formally proposed by Pericles. To such a degree in those days were dissensions based on political differences of opinion, while personal feelings were moderate, and easily recalled into conformity with the public weal. Even ambition, that master passion, paid deference to the country's welfare. 18
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Aeschylus, Suppliant Women, 601-624, 698-700, 600 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

600. θαρσεῖτε παῖδες. εὖ τὰ τῶν ἐγχωρίων· 600. Be of good cheer, my children, all goes well on the part of the citizens. Decrees, carrying full authority, have been passed. Chorus
2. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.102 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 22.5, 25.1-25.4, 26.2, 26.4 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Aristotle, Politics, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

5. Plutarch, Cimon, 2.3-2.5, 4.4, 4.6, 14.3-14.4, 15.3, 16.3, 16.9-16.10, 17.4-17.7, 19.3-19.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Plutarch, On The Malice of Herodotus, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Plutarch, Pericles, 5.3, 7.3-7.4, 9.1-9.5, 10.5, 13.16 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.3. When he was about to go in doors, it being now dark, he ordered a servant to take a torch and escort the fellow in safety back to his own home. The poet Ion, however, says that Pericles had a presumptuous and somewhat arrogant manner of address, and that into his haughtiness there entered a good deal of disdain and contempt for others; he praises, on the other hand, the tact, complaisance, and elegant address which Cimon showed in his social intercourse. Cf. Plut. Cim. 9 . 9.1. Thucydides describes In the encomium on Pericles, Thuc. 2.65.9 . the administration of Pericles as rather aristocratic,— in name a democracy, but in fact a government by the greatest citizen. But many others say that the people was first led on by him into allotments of public lands, festival-grants, and distributions of fees for public services, thereby falling into bad habits, and becoming luxurious and wanton under the influence of his public measures, instead of frugal and self-sufficing. Let us therefore examine in detail the reason for this change in him. The discussion of this change in Pericles from the methods of a demagogue to the leadership described by Thucydides, continues through chapter 15. 9.2. In the beginning, as has been said, pitted as he was against the reputation of Cimon, he tried to ingratiate himself with the people. And since he was the inferior in wealth and property, by means of which Cimon would win over the poor,—furnishing a dinner every day to any Athenian who wanted it, bestowing raiment on the elderly men, and removing the fences from his estates that whosoever wished might pluck the fruit,—Pericles, outdone in popular arts of this sort, had recourse to the distribution of the people’s own wealth. This was on the advice of Damonides, of the deme Oa, as Aristotle has stated. Aristot. Const. Ath. 27.4 . 10.5. And it was thought that before this, too, Elpinice had rendered Pericles more lenient towards Cimon, when he stood his trial on the capital charge of treason. 463. B.C. Cf. Plut. Cim. 14.2-4 . Pericles was at that time one of the committee of prosecution appointed by the people, and on Elpinice’s coming to him and supplicating him, said to her with a smile: Elpinice, thou art an old woman, thou art an old woman, to attempt such tasks. However, he made only one speech, by way of formally executing his commission, and in the end did the least harm to Cimon of all his accusers.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeschylus Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
aftermath of cities Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
archons, archons, qualifications for Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
archons Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
areopagus, council of Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113, 114
aristocracy, aristocrats, aristocratic Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 114
army Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
assembly, athenian (ekklesia) Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113, 114, 115
athenians, and cimon Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
athenians Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
athens Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
audience, the subjects interaction with his Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
boeotia, boeotians Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
character (plutarchs and readers concern with) Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
characterisation, of the subjects Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
cimon, athenians criticism of Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94, 160
cimon, in the pericles Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
cimon Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94, 160; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113, 114, 115
citizenship, exclusivity of ancient Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
citizenship Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
civil strife Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
class, census Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
class Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
closure (endings of biographies) Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
cognition Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
commoners Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
community, the subject and his Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
contrasts, between plutarch and other authors Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
council, of five hundred Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114, 115
counterfactuals Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
criticism, and counter-suggestibility Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
criticism, contemporary to the story narrated, exercised by onlookers Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
criticism, plutarchs Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
criticism Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
death, and posthumous conversion of people Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
debate Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113, 115
decisions, of the subjects Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
demagoguery, demagogues Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94, 160
demes (demoi) Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
demos (damos), empowerment of Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114, 115
demos (damos) Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113
dikasteria Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
economy, economic Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
eliaia Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
envy Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
ephialtes Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 114, 115
equality Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
festivals, civic Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
flattery, flatterers Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94, 160
foreign policy Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113, 114
fornara, charles Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
future (allusions to/evocation of) Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
helots Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113
history, greek Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
history Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
hoplites Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113
humanity Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
ithome Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
jurors, juries, administration of Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
jurors, juries, athenian (dikastai) Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
kings Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
lucullus, plutarchs evaluation of the generalship of Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
lucullus, within his social environment Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
lucullus Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
mass, masses Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
moderation Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
moral turnaround Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
motivation, motives Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
onlookers Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
ostracism Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 114, 115
participation in government, by all citizens Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113, 115
participation in government, by poor Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
participation in government, by thetes Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
pay, for attending the assembly, for jurors Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
pay, for attending the assembly, for participation in government Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
pay, for attending the assembly, for state service Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
pericles, and the hostile public mind Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
pericles, citizenship law of Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
pericles Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160; Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
persuasion Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
plutarch Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113
politeia Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110, 113, 115
politics Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
prologue (to plutarchs book) Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
prytanies Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
public office, officials, accountability of Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114, 115
reform Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113, 114, 115
representation Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
revolution Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
romans, and lucullus Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
romans Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
rotation Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
samons, l. j. Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
social/society, dialogue of individual with' Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
social/society, plutarchs interest in Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
social/society, plutarchs reconstruction of Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
social/society Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94
solon Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
sortition Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114, 115
sparta(ns) Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 94, 160
stesimbrotus of thasus Chrysanthou, Plutarch's 'Parallel Lives': Narrative Technique and Moral Judgement (2018) 160
strategoi, qualifications for Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
strategoi Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
tanagra Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
themistocles Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 114
thucydides Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
treasurers, qualifications for Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
tribes (phulai) Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115
tyranny, tyrants Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
warfare Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
wealth Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 110
xerxes Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 113
zeugitai Raaflaub Ober and Wallace, Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (2007) 115