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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9474
Plutarch, Alexander The Great, 70


nanBut Alexander, after returning from the funeral pyre and assembling many of his friends and officers for supper, proposed a contest in drinking neat wine, the victor to be crowned. Well, then, the one who drank the most, Promachus, got as far as four pitchers; The chous, or pitcher, held about three quarts. he took the prize, a crown of a talent’s worth, but lived only three days afterwards. And of the rest, according to Chares, forty-one died of what they drank, a violent chill having set in after their debauch. , At Susa he brought to pass the marriage of his companions, took to wife himself the daughter of Dareius, Stateira, assigned the noblest women to his noblest men, and gave a general wedding feast for those of his Macedonians who had already contracted other marriages. At this feast, we are told, nine thousand guests reclined at supper, to each of whom a golden cup for the libations was given. All the other appointments too, were amazingly splendid, and the host paid himself the debts which his guests owed, the whole outlay amounting to nine thousand eight hundred and seventy talents. Alexander also paid the debts of all his soldiers, amounting to 20,000 talents ( Arrian, Anab. vii. 5, 1-3 ), unless this is the donation which Plutarch has here erroneously connected with the great wedding feast. Cf. Athenaeus, xii. pp. 538 ff ., Now Antigenes, the One-eyed, had got himself enrolled as a debtor fraudulently and, on producing somebody who affirmed that he had made a loan to him at the bank, the money was paid over; then his fraud was discovered, and the king, in anger, drove him from his court and deprived him of his command. Antigenes, however, was a splendid soldier, and while he was still a young man and Philip was besieging Perinthus, though a bolt from a catapult smote him in the eye, he would not consent to have the bolt taken out nor give up fighting until he had repelled the enemy and shut them up within their walls. , Accordingly, he could not endure with any complacency the disgrace that now fell upon him, but was evidently going to make away with himself from grief and despondency. So the king, fearing this, put away his wrath and ordered him to keep the money.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

3 results
1. Strabo, Geography, 2.3.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.3.4. Posidonius, in speaking of those who have sailed round Africa, tells us that Herodotus was of opinion that some of those sent out by Darius actually performed this enterprise; and that Heraclides of Pontus, in a certain dialogue, introduces one of the Magi presenting himself to Gelon, and declaring that he had performed this voyage; but he remarks that this wants proof. He also narrates how a certain Eudoxus of Cyzicus, sent with sacrifices and oblations to the Corean games, travelled into Egypt in the reign of Euergetes II.; and being a learned man, and much interested in the peculiarities of different countries, he made interest with the king and his ministers on the subject, but especially for exploring the Nile. It chanced that a certain Indian was brought to the king by the [coast]-guard of the Arabian Gulf. They reported that they had found him in a ship, alone, and half dead: but that they neither knew who he was, nor where he came from, as he spoke a language they could not understand. He was placed in the hands of preceptors appointed to teach him the Greek language. On acquiring which, he related how he had started from the coasts of India, but lost his course, and reached Egypt alone, all his companions having perished with hunger; but that if he were restored to his country he would point out to those sent with him by the king, the route by sea to India. Eudoxus was of the number thus sent. He set sail with a good supply of presents, and brought back with him in exchange aromatics and precious stones, some of which the Indians collect from amongst the pebbles of the rivers, others they dig out of the earth, where they have been formed by the moisture, as crystals are formed with us. [He fancied that he had made his fortune], however, he was greatly deceived, for Euergetes took possession of the whole treasure. On the death of that prince, his widow, Cleopatra, assumed the reins of government, and Eudoxus was again despatched with a richer cargo than before. On his journey back, he was carried by the winds above Ethiopia, and being thrown on certain [unknown] regions, he conciliated the inhabitants by presents of grain, wine, and cakes of pressed figs, articles which they were without; receiving in exchange a supply of water, and guides for the journey. He also wrote down several words of their language, and having found the end of a prow, with a horse carved on it, which he was told formed part of the wreck of a vessel coming from the west, he took it with him, and proceeded on his homeward course. He arrived safely in Egypt, where no longer Cleopatra, but her son, ruled; but he was again stripped of every thing on the accusation of having appropriated to his own uses a large portion of the merchandise sent out. However, he carried the prow into the market-place, and exhibited it to the pilots, who recognised it as being come from Gades. The merchants [of that place] employing large vessels, but the lesser traders small ships, which they style horses, from the figures of that animal borne on the prow, and in which they go out fishing around Maurusia, as far as the Lixus. Some of the pilots professed to recognise the prow as that of a vessel which had sailed beyond the river Lixus, but had not returned. From this Eudoxus drew the conclusion, that it was possible to circumnavigate Libya; he therefore returned home, and having collected together the whole of his substance, set out on his travels. First he visited Dicaearchia, and then Marseilles, and afterwards traversed the whole coast as far as Gades. Declaring his enterprise everywhere as he journeyed, he gathered money sufficient to equip a great ship, and two boats, resembling those used by pirates. On board these he placed singing girls, physicians, and artisans of various kinds, and launching into open sea, was carried towards India by steady westerly winds. However, they who accompanied him becoming wearied with the voyage, steered their course towards land, but much against his will, as he dreaded the force of the ebb and flow. What he feared actually occurred. The ship grounded, but gently, so that it did not break up at once, but fell to pieces gradually, the goods and much of the timber of the ship being saved. With these he built a third vessel, closely resembling a ship of fifty oars, and continuing his voyage, came amongst a people who spoke the same language as that some words of which he had on a former occasion committed to writing. He further discovered, that they were men of the same stock as those other Ethiopians, and also resembled those of the kingdom of Bogus. However, he abandoned his [intended] voyage to India, and returned home. On his voyage back he observed an uninhabited island. well watered and wooded, and carefully noted its position. Having reached Maurusia in safety, he disposed of his vessels, and travelled by land to the court of Bogus. He recommended that sovereign to undertake an expedition thither. This, however, was prevented on account of the fear of the [king's] advisers, lest the district should chance to expose then to treachery, by making known a route by which foreigners might come to attack them. Eudoxus, however, became aware, that although it was given out that he was himself to be sent on this proposed expedition, the real intent was to abandon him on some desert island. He therefore fled to the Roman territory, and passed thence into Iberia. Again, he equipped two vessels, one round and the other long, furnished with fifty oars, the latter framed for voyaging in the high seas. the other for coasting along the shores. He placed on board agricultural implements, seed, and builders, and hastened on the same voyage, determined, if it should prove too long, to winter on the island he had before observed, sow his seed. and leaving reaped the harvest, complete the expedition he had intended from the beginning.
2. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 35.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3. Aelian, Varia Historia, 12.43 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
accident Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
alexander the great, and mesopotamia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
antigonus monophthalmus Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
appearance Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
arabia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
arrian Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
asphalt Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
battle Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
birth Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
blindness Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
charax Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
child Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
darius iii of persia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
deformity Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
hannibal Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
hippalos Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
india, routes to and from Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
indus river, mouth of Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
injury Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
juba ii of mauretania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
macedonia, macedonians Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
monophthalmi/monophthalmia Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
onesicritus of astypalaia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
pasitigris river Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
persia, persians Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
persian gulf or sea Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
philip of macedonia Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
posidonius of apameia Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
red sea Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
sertorius Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
siltation Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
susa, susiane Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
syagrum, cape Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
tigris river Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363
war Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
wound' Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
zigerus, cape Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 363