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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9458
Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 34.11-34.12


nanThe custom of erecting memorial chariots with two horses in the case of those who held the office of praetor and had ridden round the Circus in a chariot is not an old one; that of statues on pillars is of earlier date, for instance the statue of honour of Gaius Maenius who had vanquished the Old Latins to whom the Roman nation gave by treaty a third part of the booty won from them. It was in the same consulship that the nation, after defeating the people of Antium, had fixed on the Rostra the beaked prows of ships taken in the victory over the people of Antium, in the 416th year of the city of Rome; and similarly the statue to Gaius Duillius, who was the first to obtain a naval triumph over the [260 BC] Carthaginians — this statue still stands in the forum and likewise that in honour of the prefect of markets Lucius Minucius outside the Porta Trigemina, defrayed by a tax of one-twelfth of an as per head. I rather think this was the first time that an honour of this nature came from the whole people; previously it had been bestowed by the senate: it would be a very distinguished honour had it not originated on such unimportant occasions. In fact also the statue of Attus Navius stood in front of the senate-house — when the senate-house was set on fire at the funeral of Publius Clodius the base of the statue was burnt with it; and the statue of Hermodorus of Ephesus the interpreter of the laws drafted by the decemvirs, [451-450 BC] dedicated at the public cost, stood in the Comitium of Rome. There was different motive and another reason — an important one — for the statue of Marcus Horatius Codes, which has survived even to the present day; it was erected because he had single-handed barred the enemy's passage of the Bridge on Piles. Also, it does not at all surprise me that statues of the Sibyl stand near the Beaked Rostra though there are three of them — one restored by Sextus Pacuvius Taurus, aedile of the plebs, and two by Marcus Messalla. I should think these statues and that of Attus Navius, all erected in the period of Tarquinius Priscus, were the first, [616-579 BC] if it were not for the statues on the Capitol of the kings who reigned before him, among them the figures of Romulus and Tatius without the tunic, as also that of Camillus on the Rostra. Also there was in front of the temple of the Castors an equestrian statue of Quintus Marcius Tremulus, wearing a toga; he had twice vanquished the Samnites, and by taking Anagnia delivered the nation from payment of war-tax. Among the very old statues are also those at the Rostra of Tullus Cloelius, Lucius Roscius, Spurius Nautius, and Gaius Pulcinius, all assassinated by the people of Fidenae when on an embassy to them. It was the custom for the state to confer this honour on those who had been wrongfully put to death, as among others Publius Junius and Titus Coruncanius, who had been killed by Teuta the Queen of the Illyrians. It would seem not to be proper to omit the fact noted by the annals that the statues of these persons, erected in the forum, were three feet in height, showing that this was the scale of these marks of honour in those days. I will not pass over the case of Gnaeus Octavius also, because of a single word that occurs in a Decree of the Senate. When King Antiochus 4 said he intended to answer him, Octavius with the stick he happened to be holding in his hand drew a line all round him and compelled him to give his answer before he stepped out of the circle. And as Octavius was killed while on this embassy, the senate ordered a statue to be erected to him 'in the spot most eyed' and that statue stands on the Rostra. We also find that a decree was passed to erect a statue to a Vestal Virgin named Taracia Gaia or Fufetia 'to be placed where she wished,' an addition that is as great a compliment as the fact that a statue was decreed in honour of a woman. For the Vestal's merits I will quote the actual words of the Annals: 'because she had made a gratuitous present to the nation of the field by the Tiber.'


nanI also find that statues were erected to Pythagoras and to Alcibiades, in the corners of the Place of Assembly, when during one of our Samnite Wars Pythian Apollo had commanded the erection in some conspicuous position of an effigy of the bravest man of the Greek race, and likewise, one of the wisest man; these remained until Sulla the dictator made the Senate-house on the site. It is surprising that those illustrious senators of ours rated Pythagoras above Socrates, whom the same deity had put above all the rest of mankind in respect of wisdom, or rated Alcibiades above so many other men in manly virtue, or anybody above Themistocles for wisdom and manly virtue combined., The purport of placing statues of men on columns was to elevate them above all other mortals; which is also the meaning conveyed by the new invention of arches. Nevertheless the honour originally began with the Greeks, and I do not think that any person ever had more statues erected to him than Demetrius of Phalerum had at Athens, inasmuch as they set up 360, at a period when the year did not yet exceed that number of days, statues however the Athenians soon shattered in pieces. At Rome also the tribes in all the districts set up statues to Marius Gratidianus, as we have stated, and likewise threw them down again at the entrance of Sulla.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Cicero, On Laws, 2.23, 2.59, 2.64 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2. Livy, History, 2.10.12, 3.31 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Ovid, Fasti, 1.261-1.262 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.261. And how the treacherous keeper, Tarpeia, bribed with bracelets 1.262. Led the silent Sabines to the heights of the citadel.
4. Strabo, Geography, 13.1.54 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

13.1.54. From Scepsis came the Socratic philosophers Erastus and Coriscus and Neleus the son of Coriscus, this last a man who not only was a pupil of Aristotle and Theophrastus, but also inherited the library of Theophrastus, which included that of Aristotle. At any rate, Aristotle bequeathed his own library to Theophrastus, to whom he also left his school; and he is the first man, so far as I know, to have collected books and to have taught the kings in Egypt how to arrange a library. Theophrastus bequeathed it to Neleus; and Neleus took it to Scepsis and bequeathed it to his heirs, ordinary people, who kept the books locked up and not even carefully stored. But when they heard bow zealously the Attalic kings to whom the city was subject were searching for books to build up the library in Pergamum, they hid their books underground in a kind of trench. But much later, when the books had been damaged by moisture and moths, their descendants sold them to Apellicon of Teos for a large sum of money, both the books of Aristotle and those of Theophrastus. But Apellicon was a bibliophile rather than a philosopher; and therefore, seeking a restoration of the parts that had been eaten through, he made new copies of the text, filling up the gaps incorrectly, and published the books full of errors. The result was that the earlier school of Peripatetics who came after Theophrastus had no books at all, with the exception of only a few, mostly exoteric works, and were therefore able to philosophize about nothing in a practical way, but only to talk bombast about commonplace propositions, whereas the later school, from the time the books in question appeared, though better able to philosophise and Aristotelise, were forced to call most of their statements probabilities, because of the large number of errors. Rome also contributed much to this; for, immediately after the death of Apellicon, Sulla, who had captured Athens, carried off Apellicon's library to Rome, where Tyrannion the grammarian, who was fond of Aristotle, got it in his hands by paying court to the librarian, as did also certain booksellers who used bad copyists and would not collate the texts — a thing that also takes place in the case of the other books that are copied for selling, both here and at Alexandria. However, this is enough about these men.
5. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 7.75, 13.83, 13.92, 33.147, 34.12, 34.21-34.22, 34.59, 35.26, 36.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Plutarch, Lucullus, 42.1-42.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Plutarch, Sulla, 26.1-26.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Tacitus, Annals, 2.37 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.37.  In addition, he gave monetary help to several senators; so that it was the more surprising when he treated the application of the young noble, Marcus Hortalus, with a superciliousness uncalled for in view of his clearly straitened circumstances. He was a grandson of the orator Hortensius; and the late Augustus, by the grant of a million sesterces, had induced him to marry and raise a family, in order to save his famous house from extinction. With his four sons, then, standing before the threshold of the Curia, he awaited his turn to speak; then, directing his gaze now to the portrait of Hortensius among the orators (the senate was meeting in the Palace), now to that of Augustus, he opened in the following manner:— "Conscript Fathers, these children whose number and tender age you see for yourselves, became mine not from any wish of my own, but because the emperor so advised, and because, at the same time, my ancestors had earned the right to a posterity. For to me, who in this changed world had been able to inherit nothing and acquire nothing, — not money, nor popularity, nor eloquence, that general birthright of our house, — to me it seemed enough if my slender means were neither a disgrace to myself nor a burden to my neighbour. At the command of the sovereign, I took a wife; and here you behold the stock of so many consuls, the offspring of so many dictators! I say it, not to awaken odium, but to woo compassion. Some day, Caesar, under your happy sway, they will wear whatever honours you have chosen to bestow: in the meantime, rescue from beggary the great-grandsons of Quintus Hortensius, the fosterlings of the deified Augustus!
9. Cassius Dio, Roman History, 58.7.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

58.7.2.  (for he was wont to include himself in such sacrifices), a rope was discovered coiled about the neck of the statue. Again, there was the behaviour of a statue of Fortune, which had belonged, they say, to Tullius, one of the former kings of Rome, but was at this time kept by Sejanus at his house and was a source of great pride to him:
10. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 8.24 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 8.24 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12. Justinian, Digest, 47.22.4 (5th cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aelius sejanus, l. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
aemilius papus, l. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
aemilius paullus, m. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
ajax Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
andronicus of rhodes Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
antony, marc Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
aphrodite Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
aristotle Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
augustus, his letters collected Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
augustus Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223; Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
blindness Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
boscoreale Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
cities Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
claudius marcellus, m., triumphs over gauls Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
commodus Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
corinthian bronze Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
cornelius sulla, l. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
deformity Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
dwarf Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
flaminius, c. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
fool Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
fortuna Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
freak Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
gauls, the capitoline gaul Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
gauls, torques used as trophies Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
gegania Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
geography Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
governor, court of Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
house, access to Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
house, spoils displayed on Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
human Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
hunchback Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
julius caesar, c., and the civil war Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
julius caesar, c., and the gallic war Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
julius caesar, c. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
julius caesar Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
jurisdiction Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
law, substantive Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
letters Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
libraries, of apellicon the teian Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
libraries Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
licinius lucullus, l. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
lycian, territorial Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
maenius, c. Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
mentor Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
monster Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
poleis Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
pomponius secundus, p. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
porsenna, king Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
rome, temple of jupiter capitolinus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
satire Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
sempronius gracchus, ti. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
semproniusgracchus, c. Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
sexual activity Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
shields Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
slave Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223
standards Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
statues, proliferation Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
statues, removal/destruction Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
statues, republican Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
statues, restrictions on building' Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
statues Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
status Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
sulla, l. cornelius Galinsky, Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity (2016) 218
tarpeia Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
theophrastus Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
trees, citrus wood Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
tropaeum Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 129
tullius cicero, m., his letters collected Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
twelve tables Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 211
tyrannion the grammarian Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
vergil, his letters collected Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
vipsanius agrippa, m., purchases paintings from the cyzicans Rutledge, Ancient Rome as a Museum: Power, Identity, and the Culture of Collecting (2012) 67
women Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 223